The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 7, 1951 · Page 4
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Tuesday, August 7, 1951
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PAGE FOUR BLYTHEVrr,f,B, (ARK.) COURIER NEWS THE BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THC COURIER NEWS CO. H W HAINES. Publisher •AFRY A HAINES. Assistant Publisher A. A. FREDRICKSON. Editor PAUL D UUUAN. Admtlllnj Manager SoW National Advertising Representatives: Wallaoe Witmer Co. New York. Chicago. Detroit, Atlanta. Memphis. Entered aa second class mattei at the post- office at Blytheville. Arkansas, under act ol Con- fteu, October », 1817 Member of Tht Associated Press SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier In the city of Blytheville or an; luburban town where carrier service Ii maintained. 25c per week. By mall, within a radius of 50 miles. fi.OO per rear. $2.50 far sli months, tt.M for three tnanlhi: by mall outside 50 mile tone.- »12.SO per year payable In advance. Meditations What profit hilh « man of a)l hit labour which he t«ke<h under the iun?—Eccl. i;3. * » * We should so live and labour in our (line dial what came to us at seed may go Lo the next generation as blossom, and that what came lo us as blossom may go to them a.i fruit. This is wliat we mean by progress.—Henry Ward Reedier. Barbs Young girh like to keep company wilh a promising young man—If he promise* enough. * • * One thing In favor o* our monkey ancestors— thejr did Ihelr chattering In trees, not In movie htvaes. • • • Petting Isn't done In the open In his town, »ay« a Kansat Judge. We wonder what they call a roe*? • • • If ?M hav* a conscience, there's nothing much harder than holding down a io<t Job. * * * One secret of silccex lj knowing how to pick nut the right habit*. Atomic Missiles Are Fine— But Not the Whole Answer In Seattle recently, General Collins, Army Chief of Staff, said that atomic weaponi have been developed to th« point whert "their »af« us* close to our troop* ii only a matter of time." This !• only on« of the many hinti that have been emerging from Washington in th« last few weeks that progress in th« intomlp field has b*en on'a notable «c«l«. These report* have come either from official sources or from dependable Jotirnalisti, and deserve to be taken seriously. One reporter concludes on his own— but on the basis of facts given to him — that the United States now has « Btock-pile of A-bombs big enough to permit their use not only .strategically, " against cities, but tactically, against troops in the field. H« says the Nevada test earlier this year wer» designed generally to "get more for less' and were so successful they had the effect of doubling ovcr- 7iight the U. S. atomic power on hand. Further tests may result in additions to this-potential. There are also reported to be plans for exploding an atomic bomb underground, presumably somewhat in the fashion of a gigantic land mine. One can imagine how hard it would be for an enemy to clear a path through the vast volume of contaminated soil churned up by such an explosion. Taken together with Collins 1 remark, these suggestions indicate that before long the destructive force of an American army jn the field will be enormously multiplied. It is being said often that artillery shells with atomic war-heads are .just around the corner. In the strategic category, there's frequent indication that today's A- bombs have a destructive power some five or six times as great as the bomb dropped on Hiroshima in World War II. One of the 1951 specimens might wipe out or severely damage everything within a 30-square-milc area. If it is true, as Winston Churchill repeatedly asserts, that American atomic power is the greatest dcterrenl to Russia's aggressive ambitions, then the men in .the Kremlin must have a lot of fresh food for thought in all these accounts. They would have lo be fanatic indeed to invite upon themselves and their cities such a whirlwind of atomic disaster as would greet their first movs to general war. There is added comfort for us in these disclosures. They show th»t our scientists and strategists have not viewed the A-bomb as a sort of Maginot Line, a great protective wall behind which we could huddle in safety. They hav« been imag-inativ* !• d«v«loping new and varied u»«« tor atomic energy. They have seen atomic power as a »up- reme challenge to their inventivt taienti. But in none of this encouraging n«wi is tliere ground for smugness or complacency. No atomic power we can muster will oiildate the ordinary foot soldier. H will only assist him nu'ghtly in his bloody tusk. In war there are no panaceas, no miracle solutions, no easy ways. This we havf to recognize if we would use oil!' tremendous atomic strength wisely. Real military power must be a compound of air, sea and ground forces equipped with the most destructive weapons available. No element in tliis combination may be eliminated simply because of advances in another. War and defense are a team performance. TUESDAY, AUGUST T/1W The General Is Not Diverted Kn route back lo the United Slates after a month's tour of Europe, during which he talked wilh leading political . and military figures, Elder Statesman Bernard tianich declared that General Kiscnhower, as commander of Die Allied powers in Europe, is "leading the greatest crusade since Peter the Hermit." Mr. Baruch added that "anyone seeking to divert Ike's attention to politics is doing Ike and the country a disservice." So far Ihe general seems to have been pretty difficult to divert. There are a lot of politicians in this country who wish they could divert him at least enough to have him answer the question: "Is you is or is you ain't?" Shape of Things to Come? Th« King of Cambodia put a goodwill gift on a freighter in Singapore the other day to be shipped to President Truman. \V'e imagine the Republicans will want to be on hand to watch the reaction when the President gets the gift along about Labor Day. It's a live elephant. Views of Others Sound Footing Needed Chief whipping boy in a period at Inflation It the retailer. Moat coniumtri meet price* at tha ntall counter. Tha man. who aeua la the ona blamed for averyihing. Tht butcher, the baker, tht candlestick maker, not to mention the landlord and the dairyman, are responsible for everything. But, In addition to taking the brunt of th« kicks, Mr. Retailer 1* the man who U caught between the high price p{ goods h« buys and consumer resistance to the'price it which he sells. In a survey reported In the July Mil) and Factory ma(t»7.lne, 80 per cent of the manufacturers reporting recorded * decrease In the demand for their civilian goods. Most of them planned to cut production to a level with market demand. The manufacturer's market reflect* inevitably the retailer's situation, und the retailer who had overstocked his inventories expecting reduction has had to dispose of his wares on a difficult marltct. The next time he will probably be caught without goods In the face of a rising demand. Far if (he manulacluiers hedge, the retailer is hedged. Guessing right is a gamble at best, but under current conditions the seller is squeezed from alt sides. Nobody knows what ultimate control and lax policies will be a/sd both play a vital part In retailipg. American merchandising would welcome more than anything else knowing where It stands. This is the business that must carry the load It should not be le/t too Jon£ In the dark by government. —DALLAS MORNING NEWS SO THEY SAY The business of the schools Is not to break up the habits of young people o[ reading coules- sion.s. glamorized movie magazines, comic books . . . and Hie like, out rather to open new doovs. —Wallace R. Murray, speech educator. San Jose College. * » • You have to study this subject (bill on whether manufacturers should absorb freight cliar- gesi, hard for six months before you can understand it, and then it's so complicated, you can't explain H.—Sen. Russell B. Long ID., La.i. * * • Never tell a newspaperman that Information Is confidential . . . that brings on nasty editorials —Simon Stickgolri, of' Illinois. Public Aid Commission. * W • There is no security without freedom; there is no hope without opportunity; and there is no progress without Incentive.—Benjamin F. FMir- less. president, U. S. Steel Corp. * « • We must not weaken the foundation upon which our educational structure rest*. Are we not putting too much money into buildings and nol enough Into people? People, not buildings should come first.—Dr. Arthur S. Hemming, president, Ohio Wcileyan U. * » • Cohen Is not as bad aa America fliinks he is. He has the makings of one of the greatest gospel prencher* of nil lime—Billy Graham, evangelist, on urablar Uick«r Cone*. 'Whaddya Mean 'Peace/ Suh?' Congress Will Debate Foreign Aid Program By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON, Aug. 6. (AP) — The next Jlery business in Congress will be th« foreign aid program Coals are being heaped oji it now. There are two Issues: How much Pet«r Cdion't Washington Column- New Management of RFC Does Loan Job for the 'Lazy Bankers' WASHINGTON (NEA1 — In the nearly three months that W. Stuart Symington has been one-man head of Reconstruction Finance Corporation, he has approved nearly 300 loans for a total of $30 million. Both figures are round numbers. In thli same period. RFC has turned down applications for aell over 300 loans, seeking a total of over »40 million. This provides cases on which to make a fair ap- record enough - praisal on the job RFC Is doing un- reaches Administrator Symington for final decision. Overruled Lower Levels Symington meets with his personal staff twice a week to pass on loan applications. This Includes Peter I. Bukowskl, Chicago banker recently- named Deputy Administrator. Also Mr. Symington's own counsel, economist and assi.stnnls. Mr. Symington came to the conclusion. as a result of Ihe Fulbrlght investigation, that the only loans on which RFC had trouble were those which Ihe old Board of Directors had approved by overruling the recommendations of lower level examiners and review committees of RFC staff. He has therefore made It his rule deY new management. Following to overrule the; six lower level ex- reter EflMi the disclosures of aminntlons and recommendations irregularities by Arkansas Sen. J. only by a written report, giving hli William Fulbrlght's investigating! reasons for so dolns. Thus tar he committee, there was and still Is considerable agitation to have the bin government lendlng-agency abolished. Among other Innovations Administrator Symington has installed is weekly list of loans Rrnnled. As indicated above, the average loan has been for about S100.000. This is a somewhat misleading figure. i do this job? The range of loans granted In thej Examination of a number of RFC last three months has been frojnj loans approved In Ihe past three $1000 to S4.500.000. But there have j months reveals one dominant fact. been only half a dozen loans for; Nearly till the loans granted by RFC over SI.000,000. The vast majority: had been previously turned down by has not yet overruled his subordinates. This Is the broad picture on present RFC operations. It immediately raises one leading nuestlon. If nearly HO per cent of RFC lonns are tor under S100.000, why can't they be handled by local private banks? Why does Ihe government have to of th? loans have been for under! local batiks. $100,000. Formerly, loons of under SIOOO'10 could be made bv the RFC field of- This docs not mean they were bad H means that the private system isn't doine the job fices in 31 O. S. cities. Honolulu, of providing long-term capital loans loans. bankin 1 Hawaii, and San Juan, Pncrio Rico Now, all loans have to be referred to the Washington office. Tliere are now six reviews on cv- tor business expansion. Is due to present credit restriction reTMlntimis. to curb inflation. Part of it Is due to stats banking cry Joan application br/ore U laws and bat7k charters which pro- hibit capital risk loans. But a large part of It Ii due to what W. Elmer Harbor, Oklahoma banker and previous RFC chairman, called "laiy banking." Lea» J»k U Government What he meant was that too many bankeri preferred to Invest their money in government-Insured mortgages or low-yield government bonds, on which there la no risk and no more worlc required than to clip conponi. They don't do the job of promoting the growth of their own communities. So the Job Is left to the government, through RFC. RFC's $1000 and other small loans are mainly Disaster Loan Corporation credits, authorised by an'act of Congress to help.tide «om« poor farmer over an emergency when his crops are destroyed by hail or wind, or his home is washed away by flood. They're perfectly good "loans and nil pay off. But private banks seldom make "character loana" of thia sort any more. At the other extreme. RFC's biggest loan of the last three months offers a good examnle. It was a seven-year. $4,500,000 loan to the Carolina Giant Cement Co. It's near the new H-Bomb plant site. There's a shortage ot cement In the area, which makea this a good defense loan. But private banks wouldn't touch it. Another bite category of RFC loans Is aid to small business. For example, the Ashburn Peanut Co Ashburn. Oa., received $100.000 for M months to provide working capital. Local banks were willing to loan short-term money on peanut crops, but not capital loans for plant expansion. This is the story which runs through case after case in RFC's present portoflio of loans. Th. DOCTOR SAYS By EDWIN P. JORDAN, M.D. Written for. \EA Servile "What is monojiucleosls?", writes lire. H. M. P. "Is it related lo cancer?" Taking the second question iirst, the answer Is "no"—so far as anyone knows Infectious mononuc- leasls, or glandular fever a.i it U .sometimes called, is not in any way related to cancer. To medical men this is a most interesting disease. In all probability it is caused by a virus and on« of its characteristic features is ihe increase of certain cells in the blood inown a* monohuclear cells. The large number of these cells was formerly sometimes confused with leukemia (with which rmm- onucleosis also lias no 'connection) and often caused a good deal of alarm. Whatever the reasons, glandular fever seems to be somewhat more common than it used to be; possibly, because of its usually mild nature, many people had it without knowing. The symptoms are often hardly noticeable. Vague pains and slight loss of appetiti are common. Generally there is a slight lever. Lack of pep and headaches are also frequent complaints. Sometimes there is nausea and vomiting. The lymph glands In the arm pits, neck, groin and elsewhere are usually enlarged and this is what has given the disease its other name of glandular fever. All of these things, of oourae, can accompany other disorder*. In order to make sure ol the diagnosis, the biood must be examined for the characteristic cells. Also there l« a special blood test called tin heterophile antibody test which is fairly definite in Infectious mono- nucleosls. NOT TOO SERIOUS In general people who gel this disease do well. It lasts perhaps for several weeks and like any infection leaves a person somewhat run down and weak for a while longer. What medical men always fear, however, is that any disease of this nature may get more severe as time goes on. Indeed there have been reports of some victims of Infectious mononucleosis with serious complications, though as a rule It Is a mild condition. There U not much to be said about treatment since there is not a great deal to be done for it except rest and take the usual treatment for mild Infections. -There is a good chance, however* that one or more of the newer antibiotic relatives of penicillin may be help- lul since some of them work pre'.ty well on other virus diseases. 15 Ytan Ago In Blythcvitl* — Misses Cordelia and Josephine Wilhite have as their guests their nieces, Jane Ellen, Beverly, Barbara and Valerie Hensvey, of Philadelphia, Pa., who will be here tor a month, and Mr. and Mrs. Frank Wilhite of Venezuela, South America. Mr. Wilhite Is the,Misses Wilhite's brother. The guests will also be entertained by Mr. Wllhite's sister, Mrs. O. G. Caudill. and family. John Long, son of Mrs. John H. Long, left Sunday night for Colum- money ihould be »pent on lit Arm who'll run it? Reason for the upcoming fight' Our foreign aid in the past was mainly economic. Now the nature of . that Bid has changed. Now It will be combined economic military help. It will be mainly mil itary. giving arms, and the cost will be greater. When the Marshall Plan was cr»» ated four years ago It was expect*?? to end by 1952. By then the need for it was expected to end. It was to help western Europe recover from the war. If U had collapsed. Communism might have been able to take it over from tht inside, without firing a shot. Europe made a good recovery. But this country and western Europe realized a new danger: This country and western Europe were riot prepared to stop Communism if it attacked with arms. The attacks on Korea was tin shock that drove the U.S. and western Europe into re-arming. TWO new problems arose:, 1. Western Europe needed military help from us. It couldn't produce nl] the arms it needed. 2. It needed continued economic help to keep up Its living standards, for the more arms Its factories produced, the less goods for civlliani there'd be. So far $12,300.000,000 has been pumped into the Marshall Plan. But Secretary of State Acheson sny» the new economic-military porgrsm of aid will coat $25.000.000.000 in th« next three years. Of that $25.00,000,00 President Truman has asked Congress to vote »8500,000.000 for this next year- SS.300.000,000 for arms; $2,200.000000 for economic aid. • ^ The biggest part of this help JP for western Europe. But some will go to the Near East. Latin America and countries of Asia. As he has in the pnst on other projramn. Senator Taft, Ohio Republican, says th'e amount asked by Mr. Truman sounds' too high. And even one of Mr. Truman'j staunchest supporters on previous aid programs, Senator Connally, Texas Democrat, got angry over the scope of this program and the drain on the taxpayers. So the question of cost will b« fought out. Eouallv unsettled U Ihe question of who'l! run It. While our foreign aid was still strietlv economic, under the Marshall Plan, two agencies hat! chief Interest in EC A—the Economic Co-operation Administration — which Congress created to run Ihe plan: and the State Deoartment, which runs o:.r toreian policy. Since the foreign aid and our foreign policy were tied in together. EGA and SUte worked hand-tu- plove aUhoi'eh KCA rpmalned in- denendent. Congress wanted It (hst way. (When Ihe Marsh">ll Pl.in was b»- In<5 apnroved in 1947, George C. Marsh allf, now Secretary of Defense but then Secretary of state, wanted his Sta»e Department to be biajj b^ss over foreign aid b'lt Con^re r wanted.. the aid handled ird»nend- enHv of State and set/up EGA.) ECA and State would still have » too Interest In the new program but since It involves mllitarv help as well ns economic. Marshall's Defense Department, which, does our m'Ultarv 'tilannlns at home and nbrnad, has an equally vital Interest In tt. That makes three agencies with a hand In the new nlan. Supnose thev can't agree on « Drobl°m. Who, then, will have final say? Mr. Truman, although ft about It. ha* IN HOLLYWOOD Pit F.rtSKtNF. JOHNSON \KA Slafr Correspondent HOLLYWOOD - UN'EA) - Dane Clark sputtered like cxcra-hot butter in the lobby popcorn machine j\nd lashed out at movie stars uho can't see ati inch beyond their fringed eyola.stio.i. And all because I happened to mention thai a lot of guys and dolls around town were savin? tnat it was a pity about him' "Oh yeah-" growled Danr. his eyes narrowiiiK the way l.uy do on theater screens when a sullen blonde moll Informs him that another mobster has muscled into his j racket. "What do they mean by i that?" '• I let him have It both barrels, j Movie heroes in turtle-neck swea- [ ters and perfumed supcrbcllcs In mink trench coats, I said, were downright pained that Dane uas no longer lounging around custom- built swimming polls and living the plush life of a flicker king. WIIKRK'S DANE? Tr;ey were asking, "WliAt ever happened to Dane?" over the tmkle of Ice cubes at parties and shudder- im, at Die thought of a big siar having to scrounge around In television lo keep the jars of imported caviar In his Icebox. "Every where I KO." I finished, rubbing it on thickly, "people are -saying. 'Poor Dane Clark'!" A shade ol flamethrower crimson flowed in'.e Dane's far? Little wisps of Jt<?an> curlrd up from under his collar. He let me have It with both b.ir- reU "I've sot news for Hollywood." he ooiled. "I'm making more money today than I ever made, i tiill have my home here. And l'\e ROI a Park Avenue apaitmenl that cost.s me an arm and a Ie^. i can matinee it all, too. Easily." "There's Sir money In IrlpvUiott. I've done every Xen- York r.lum that'^ trt he done. And nortr nn<ler |1M* a ahot. B«l ion'l bclievi ihat S.iCCO a slum- stuff, \oboily (els that kind of nioney. "J make three pictures a year. No more than that. When I lelt Hollywoood I did Time Running Out' In France and Highly »an- gerous' in England, i did 'Never Tru.st a Gambler' at Columbia a See HOLLYWOOD on Page 6 tricks. ders Caners of Mirth" revue. Mr. Long Is a drummer In the orchestra. with his last spade, after which he was bound to make another trump trick. East and West collected 500 This type of double U highly co- . c.^,, Rn a west, collected 500 operative. East is expected to pass points. They could have made a l.,^! " n . t }! 1 ?. de L enJd »*•""'*'two game at no-trump, but were well clubs. East is expected to bid again If his hand is badly equipped for defensive play against two clubs. In this case East need not disturb the double ol two clubs. He has two trumps and a sound opening bid. The two trumps are vital because they make it possible for East to lead trumps If that seems a ?ood ides during the play; and because the more trumps there are In the East hand the fewer are NORTH 7 * .T 6 S 2 VK8755 • 732 + 7 WEST CAST (D) * K 1073 * A Q satisfied with the result. made It nreltv olain he wants Acheson's State Department to have tVat final say. This doesn't sit well with Taft and his fellow-Reoublicans in the Senate \vho don't like Acheson anyway. Thev don't want him as big boss on foreign aid. Tn the Hruse, too. there's disagreement with Mr. Tri'man's Ideas. At this point two plans are being batted around In Congress: n> Abolish ECA and set up a new agency to handle the economic part oE the program, with the Defense D^ partmeiit as boss over military aid; f2i Set up one big agency to handle the whole thing. Producer-Star Answer to Previous Puzzle :03 * K 10 J AQJ 96 4 « Q.I 4 443 SOUTH • JACO6Y ON BRIDGE Bj OSWALD J.tUOHY Written for SEA Service Here's a Good Hand Played Very Smartly Supple your partner opens the bidding with one of a suit, and the next player makes an overcall. What should you hold to double that ovcrra.ll for penalties? Assuming that you double, what course should your partner adopt? Let's take the double first. When >ou double an overcall of two diamonds or less yon can afford to tske ciiancrs Even if the doubled contract i.- made, the opponents will not s.xire a game. The misfire COM* >ou wry little. When you double a contract of two hoai 15 or more, you must be fairly sure iliat you can set it. O;hrr*i-e ycur double gives the enemy a same that they were net entitled to. That sort ol mislirc is 0/nte ^xprnsive In rhe liand shown '.oday West makes a very light double of two clubs. II nl! ijoes well he expects ! South had to ruff again He led to win three club tricks and per-| third diamond to West's king, and haps Just one o! his side kings. His j West returned a spade. East' took partner siviuld be able to win three the ace and .then the queen of cie:ensne tricks, since he has made, spades, after which he Uld down an opening bid. Hence If all goes! the ace of hearts. South ruffed well th? ro;-uacl shculd be set nd West over-ruffed. Now west' I w o Lncks wilh seven defensive i lock the lung of spades and exited V None « A96S *AQ108«5 Neither side vul, Et* S»«U West North IV 2 * Doubl. f» u Pass Pass Opening lead—y l» available to North and South. When this hand was played, West opened the ten of hearts, dummy and East played low. and South ruffed. Declarer led the ace and another diamond, and East returned a trump South finessed the ten, and West won with the Jack. West returned another heart, and HORIZONTAL 1,6 Depicted radio star 10 Bird 11 Arid region 13 Wager HNeck scarf 4 Ardor 5 Swarm 6 Festival 7 Pronoun 8 Novel SSnare 10 Kimono sash 1r . ^ ,. II Drone bee 6 Armed conflict 12 Ti)rce ,; 17!ic onthe tcomb. form) nir waves 15 Symbol for 18 Penetrated J rium 20 Jumbled type 18 Ingress 21 Registered 19 Faults nurse tab.} 21 Erected 22 And (Fr.) 23Ohiocily 24 Encourage 24 Poker stake 26 Greatest 25 Perforated quantity ball 29 Approach 30 Pseudonym of Charles Lamb 31 Ancient Irish capital 32 Split .1J Paradise 34 Roman dale 35 From Ihe beginning (ab.) 36 Preposition 37 While 39 Venerate? 45 French island 47 Philippine 49 Pithy 50 Rocky pinnacle 51 Reimbursed 53 Country 55 Fruit 56 Make tnlo law VERTICAL 1 War god 21snited 2 Behold! Mathematical 43 Domestic slave; lerm 44 Intend 28Small childien -15 Plan! psrt 37 Ventilate 46 Sea eagle 33 Pace -18 Mimic 40 Mix SO Twitching 41 Scatter, as hay 52 Rough lava 42 Symbol tor 54 Symbol for erbium tanlninm

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