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'« « 1 'HCPMIDISE >Half Billion Dollais Pours, Into State Quick Di, vorces Made Famous BV BIU, BERRV NBA S«nlce Special Correspond™ , RENO, Kev, July 1.— Nevada is j rapidly becoming (he Hetieat of the Rich, the Sanctuary of Uie ,301 vent. Tax-tired tycoons, naturally dravui (o a state that has no Income tax, no Inheritance lax, no sales tax, no gift tax, and a tax on intangibles which Is not collected, ore flocking to make Ne- \ada their legal home New cornel's from states where the tax-collector is tougher have bi ought nearly a half-billion dollars to Ihls cyclono- cellai of capital. s This completes a cjclc for Nc*, vada It first found fame when eager immigrants found the ncli silver lodes, and those who ei>- ' tered the slate penniless left It v,lth bulging pockets. Then cnme the ne\t immigrant wave, seeking freedom fiom irksome tnnr- nages, and taking ndiantage of ; Nevada's easy and pleasant facilities for duorce And now comes n thhd nave of ( men who have made money elsewhere, bringing back some measure of the wealth that once came "out of the fabulous Comstock Lodc~ ,'YEAKLV t SURPLUS 'v'This will show how the golden tide is running into Nevada. Pco 7 iple \\ilh incomes above $5000 a ',l'ear flu out income tax form 1040 ^In 1932 Kevada had C09 such people. In 1931, she had 2185 That means that at least 1570 people with comfortnljle-or-bettcr Incomes ,»ere diawn to Nevada by its 'no income, inheritance, sales, gift, or intangible ta\" piogram Nevada is neveitheless .solient, with a liensury surplus nnd n balanced budget ; How's it done? Nevada is in many respects unique Us population has only recently ciossed the 100,000 mark— it is Uie most thinly- populated of all states There is almost no manufacturing, and since mining and ranching nre the big industries, unemplajmcnt is not the problem that it is in most ttates The divorce and gambling laws are such as to permit collection 1 of a' big revenue by the slate Slid by cities like Reno > Since 1935, annual surpluses o[ the • state ^have run between $300, 000 and $400,000 a jear. The outstanding bonded debt Is under a million t v dollars, and even that 11 held by the state itself In various .trust hinds The state constitution thro»f rigid restrictions around the accumulation of debt , '^.Twelve years ago the new tick began * Ralph Elsmnn, Brooklju, N Y, utilities magnate, is usu- ' ally awarded the title in Nevada of being Uie Columbus of the lax Eldorado He ran into marital difficulties, and went to Ne\acia for a divorce. But instead of going back to Brooklyn aneryaid 1 !, si, most of the Nevada, divoice cuslomers do, Elsman looked about him at the moderate climate, the scenic beauties, and the tax-free delights He decided to stay, and built himself a $300,000 home in the Wnshoe ! Valley near Reno » Elsmnn's millions are now generally recognized as (he first of raany destined to find a congenial home in Neiada. NO SLIP-UPS HERE , Just over the mountains from Elsman's home lies Lake Tahoc, much of whose shore line is in Nevada Now the sound of the hammer rings merrily out in this nhole section as the new and elaborate homes rise. 1 Typical of the manner in which the most has been made of nil these border-line matters. Is Cal- Neva Lodge, the locale of Prank Bacon's famous play-character, "LightninV Cal-Nevn is built smack on the state line You gamble in Ne\ada, \\here it's legal, and you have your residence there, ,too But if you should wish to be in California, say to avoid B pro- cess-sen er, just cross the lobby jn- to the dining room Nevada thinks of everything! Then there- is Byron L Sheppard, former partner In the firm of Sherman and Sheppard, from J916'to 1820 South American distributors for Bard Sheppard sold out and became a Wall Street operator. Sheppard came to Reno in 1931, bought a home, but II was not until \ery recently that his whereabouts and activities became generally known. He had installed in his home a brokerage office for his own use, with the only direct stock-ticker market report in Nevada and a * teletype connection with his brokers He lived all those eight jears in complete seclusion, allowing no Visitors except the closest personal 'friends, opening his v,ire every morning at 6 a. m. (9 a m East- em time) and carrying on hh large market operations quite im- £~uspecled? by Reno. ~' % ', ' ' Womtn Eajer Anglers , , WARSAW, Ind. (UP)— with a •^-.new statf law' providing 50 cent i u fishing licenses for women, clerk ),\Oni} Phillips and his staff have * bwn swamped filling them. Phillips i pud most of "the Tiomen v>ere pas '' , '(ARK,)] COURIER NEWS New "Gold Rush" To Nevada Is On Hnlph • Ehman, Bmoklyn null- ties' magnate, came to Nevada for divorce, liked it, icinnlned, * nncl became the first wave of a golden tide Authoi Bill Beiry leads the stock-tickei in B>ron Shcppud's home brokerage office Pants With Heat, Shucks His Pants Nazis Force Austrian Cemeteries To Aid In Popularizing Cremation VIENNA (UP) — Despite opp:si- lion of the Jiomnn Catholic Church, cremation has been Introduced In with siicl the Ostinark (Austria) vigor that. .every cemetery throughout' the- country,' including church graveyards, in the future must reserve space for the nshes of cremated persons regardless of the deceased's religion. A law lo this effect has been effective since April C, IQ39. but it has been enforced in country districts only now. In time, according to Nazi plans, all persons who die in Germany will be cremated. B\)r the , moment, however, authorities arc content to popularize c'reinti- tton bj removing ,Ui icstUctions imposed by the church on families who wished to bury ones In churchyards cremation on the llieir loved and -placing same basis financially ns nn ordinary '.burial. OI Europe's 300 crematories, 140 "Double" Moons Evnl.ilncd VALLEJO, Cal. (UP)—Professor ". J. J. Sec, noted astronomer who lives here, relieved the minds of residents who saw two moons one night recently. He explained that .the double moon effect is caused by atmospheric conditions, probably the result'or.-'eastern storms. The effect is ascribed to polarized light. are. sltimlccl In Greater. Germany, including the Bohcmln-Kroravln PrJtcctorale. Only five of those MO crematories ' rirc slUmted in the Ostmark, but construction of olh- ers Is planned soon. Tn articles popularizing. cremh- liou, .newspapers ixiint • out' lliat exhumations of bcdtes In dUfercul. pnrts of Ihc world revealed that tuberculosis germs still were active In graves 2',<. years nflcr burial. Articles also recall Iliiil-crctnolloii was employed in niicicnt Greece as well ns by the upper classes of Rome. The article:. „ ..„, ,. v the cliurcli originally began to bury the dead In Rome because the early Christians -\vere poor and miatile lo afford cremation, later the church inccrporntcd burial in Us laws. The church also emphasized burial as n Christian distinction against Germanic "henthcn- The present system of hot-air cremation was displayed for the lirst time by Frlcdrich Siemens nt a. Vienna exhibition In 1873 THURSDAY, JULY 13, 1939. Horseless Carriage Prade MOf"1"\m^tmmm i — t? at Lansing, Mlch./Jn 1901. Producer Of "Gas Buggy" Years ; Ago jSays 10 M. P. H.'Was Fast K YWIMJAM. A. BAKER JR. NfiA Service Special Correspondent LANSING, Midi,, Muly 10,—Ran- EOin E. Olds built in 1880 what was ]>crhaps Ihe first aulomcMle constructed for commercial purposes, and he has lived to be a hearty man of-75 who "never expected automobiles lo be such a. nuisance ns Ihey nre tcday." Olds, .whose name lives iii two modern ' automobiles, the Oldsmobile and the Rco, lives quietly here, alternating with a home in Daytona Beach, 'Pla.- But he likes to recall the days when everybody thought Ihc horseless carriage was a fad that would "never catch on." The expedients of the day seem almost Incredible now, but Olds recalls tliat he once actually put the papier mac-lie hend of u horse on Ihe front end of one of his cars iii the hope thai il would fool passing horses and avert Hie series of runaways which accompanied every Irip on the read by the .snorting first autos. THAVEUNG THAPEZE "At one time," Olds recalled, "I had a trapeze built on K car, and a mau performed on the trapeze above the 'driver while the car was in motion. This was done at county fnlrs to attract attention/because the public thought.the motor car would never amount to anything. But the more forcslghted people did come to Lansing in droves lo sec the cars, and President Theodore Roosevelt was among them. I gave him his first public ride iii a motcr vehicle. ' "We had to compete with horses in our first models. !•, remember tin advertisement 'which read, 'This graceful and practical automobile Mil do the work or six ho TECS at an average cost of $35 (10,000 miles): Board alone for one horse costs $180 a year, so the economy is very evident.' Olds remembers taking his early cars out for dashing test runs at 10 miles ari hour just before daybreak along .the dirt roads, the Hour chosen • to avoid scaring i horses. He began experimenting with "horseless carriages" in his P ., „ rr ., ,, „, father's boiler and stationary- • rOOlball Unity On West engine shop in Lansing while Dur- - ----yea,, Winlbri, '-Hayn.es and • others were working -toward the same : ' HOW FORD BROKE IN ';As.late as 1899 there were Olds and Mrs. Olds in horseless carriage parade procession K. E. Oldi f .• t*j * ju-Lt. no iwyy MJUIU nun; OJlly about 50 automobiles in the United States; two years later .Olds himself produced.almost 4000. '.-."The first Oldsmobile made in Detroit sold for .$1200," Olds recalls, "and Uie venture was more or less 'of ' a commercial failure. The public didn't understand the cars, which nere loo complicated. One of the things-thai, helped the motor industry greatly was the development of forced lubrication ^-unlil that cnme along we had iv lot of trouble with oiling. Rubber tires alsa helped a lot,—we have to'take off our hats to the man who developed the modern rubber tire. Olds advised Henry \vorklng for Edison Ford, then at $1000 a jcar, "to get into the motor vehicle business, because it had an excellent future." Of all the motor pioneers, Ford: Is tcday the only due who is still active in the in- furllier assert that duslr'y, Olcts having recently retired as chairman of the board of the Reo Motor Co. Sky IMlol Really Is Pilol 5^ BIUSBANE, Australia (UP) — Australia now has a "sky pilot" in the real sense of the .term. He is the Rev. Father Seymour, abbot of the Marist Fathers' monastery at Buudabcrg and pilots his own plane for all of his extensive parochial work in the north of Queensland. Coast Held Stronger SPOKANE, .Wash.. (UP)—Graduate Manager, Earl , Poster of Washington State College believes Ihe Pacific Ccast conference is stronger., now than it ever has been as a result 'of' the spring meeting of conference officials at Timberlinc lodge, Mt. Hood, Ore. Foster discounted;'reports' the conference -might, be' split into a north and south division for root- ball pla-y. Instead, he said, he thought n rule approved by the conference officials placing a round- robin- schedule- in effect in 1941 would serve to unify the conference. , However, he warned . football fans that success/of the-new sys-' (era depended upon whether Ore-1 gon and Washington crowds were substantial at games iii : which California schools participated. In Ihe past, this 'district has paid little attention to collegiate fastball. Factory Opens Windowless Five-Acre Plant FITCHBUEO, Mass. (UP) —Believed the world's first 'windowle.is factory, the Simonds Saw & Steel Company's new plant is in full operation here. Everything from forging • and heat treating of steel to the sharpening of saws, machine : knives, files and other cutting tools manufactured ly, (he 107-year-old company is doiie in a single five- acre room. Some 100 employees -who previously worked in plants here and in .Chicago now work at the new factory In two eight-hour shifts, five days a week. Shndovvless illumination is provided by 1,400 100-watt fluorescent. tubes. Air-conditioning units in four juilding extensions adjoining the nigc room crculate 400,000 "cubic :ect cf air a minute. In the summer ,hc all- is cooled by being farced through sprays of water, while iii the winter it is heated. Gases are drawn off by three underground flue exhaust, systems, while 30 dust removal nuits clear the nir of steel particles and dust. Walls of acoustic blocks and a cork-filled ceiling absorb sound. Michigan Area Counting Lake Surf ace V'tlfgerj SAULT STE. MARIE, Mich!'cfcfe? —The 1040 census reports of the Federal government will show that Michigan is Ihe eighth largest state in area in the union if. Clrase S Osborn, former governor, has his wny about it. . He has complained to Ihe geological survey that the present figures in Michigan's area do Michigan an injustice because they do not take into account Ihe state's Complete Line of : WEST1NGHOUSE ELECTRIC Ranges and Water-Heaters WALPOLE'S ELECTRIC SHOP 110 S. Second Phone 314 Head Courier News want ads. YEUBWSTOM SNOW WHITE & LIGHT CRUST Locio Agri of East Boston, Mass., stood the recent heat wave just so long, and then—Omigosh! Thieves Prefer Goal's' Milk SALT IjAKE CITY (UP)—When prowlers stole a gallon can of goal milk from a cooler on his small farm, Jce Reeves wasn't so angrj'. But when the thieves walked right Into Reeves' pasture and milked his gcats dry, that was too much, so Reeves .requested Salt Lake county deputy sheriffs to keep a close watch on the farm I-oss of the great Alexandrian library in Egypt was one of the greatest misfortunes, thai ever has befallen' the march of civilization. o[ls 1 .ouiivillT n'v 3>lMr)1»ii(Yl hy IjNITKD I.igUOR, \\!i«)r«tkr« I.iltlc Hock, Korl Sn'illi, \Vcsl Jlem APPLY THEM ON VALUABLE MERCHANDISE NOW ON DISPLAY AT SNOW WHITE BAKERY 231 W. MAIN ST. OR THROUGH UNION BAKING CO. 2017 WEST MAIN ST. . Tirci, batlericj, radios, healers ind other products for your car can be bought on the Firesione liudgct Plan for surprisingly little cash outlay and icrms so tmall you'll hardly notice them. LitttH 19 lit Veict of Firtitoar. Monday Itnmii enrXantncift N. B. C RtJ i\«ut>r* TuntintlienrtitotieYotccofllicF*tmR«dio Proccam wiCf «ch week duria£ ooon hour PHILLIPS MOTOR CO. 5lh * Walnut Fhene 810 sliarc of Dio Great I^ikes. WKlicut that paH of ; Uio slate, tlie state's area is 57,980 square nilles, of v/lilch 500 square miles nre water surface. Tlint puts Michigan down lo 22ml place among'the- states, The true boundaries of Michigan Include 1W53 square miles of Lake Superior, 12,022 square miles of Lake SVficlilgaii, 9,025 square miles of Lake Huron and 460 square miles of Lakes St. Clnir and Erie, Osborn said. That would give the state a total aiea of 97,940 square miles, with 40,400 square miles of fresh' water, and place it in eighth position— the largest state east of the Mississippi vlver, he low the geological suivey. - . Hunters have found It difficult to drown a broken-winged biiti as long as Hie end of the broken tone was not submerged. ^^^^^^•••W'^WKB^^H^ (jpfTz) Coolest Spot in Town ' Watch Society P«fe Of Courier News Ftr Free Show GueiU Last Times Today A TRULY GREAT PICTURE! LIONEL BARIIYMORE SIR CEDR1C HARDWICKE Also Paraninuiit News & Cpnindy Admission nfutincc JDc & 2Go ICc- * 3Gc $ s •$.-$. s §. s FRIDAY, JULY 14 200 GOOD REASONS ALSO 50 MORE REASONS Why You Should: AHcn'cl ISlaiinec or Night § -$ $ S ? $ ;5 EOXY Admission always lOo & 26c Matinees Frl.-SaL-Suo. Last Times Today PAL NIGHT! admitted for the price of 1 AWIFE-BUTTOO TOUNG TO LOVE -SAID THE LAW! Also selected sltoils Friday - Saturday ' 'E CM ft E STARRETT . PICTURE Also carloon xfc serial "Hawk of the Wilderness." Cnntlnuous sliuw RaL- urdny.