BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. 62—NO. 39 BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS (72815) SATURDAY, APRIL 30 TEN CENTS 10 PAGES VIET RED BUILDUP RACING MONSOON By EDWIN . WHITQE SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP) - Communist North Viet Nam, seeking to rush equipment and supplies South before the monsoon season sets in, has built a 200-mile road network in the Laos Panhandle. An estimated 1,500 to 3,000 trucks are operating there, it was learned today, in an effort to get the tons of goods the Communists need into South Viet Nam before the rains come. The road network includes an estimated 35 miles that the Communists have sought tn camouflage by building bamboo trellises and lacing them with branches to hide the roads from prowling U.S. aircraft. It was learned that this buildup is part of a decision by Hanoi to increase the number of main- force units in South Viet Nam. ,The military objective of North Viet Nam is to push tons of materiel south during the dry season and continue the infiltration of men by foot after the rains begin in mid-May. The main motor route for infiltration from North Viet Nam through Laos is the Mu Gia Pass area along the Laos bor- Na Pe Pass just to the north of der. The secondary route is the Mu Gia. The Mu Gia Pass, 65 miles south of the North Vietnamese city of Vinh, has been the site of repeated attacks by American war planes. U.S. Air Force B52 bombers hit the pass last April 12 and American spokesmen said it was completely closed. A few days later, however, it was reported that thousands of workers had reopened the pass, which carries Highway 15 through the mountains to the so- called Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos. Last Wednesday B52 bombers hit the pass again, but a spokesman said the raid was only about half the size of the first, which dropped nearly 700 tons of explosives. It is in this region, just across the border in Laos, that the buildup of a road network has been going on since the last monsoon season. The estimated 200 miles of roads built in that area are said to include way stations and storage areas for trucks. Some of the roads are developed as all weather routes and there are many bypasses built into the network. It is known that engineers from Hanoi developed the project and that labor was recruited locally. Bulldozers and other earth moving machines are being used in the crash project. The repeated attacks by U.S. planes have torn up stretches of roads, knocked out bridges and destroyed trucks in North Viet Nam, but the Communists have pushed ahead with their effort to keep open their infiltration routes into the South. It now is estimated by U.S. officials here that for the last several months at least 5,500 North Vietnamese have moved each month to the South. The tempo is increasing and conceivably could reach 7,000 this month, the officials say. Six months ago it was estimated that 4,500 men were moving North to South each month. U.S. military officials say they are reasonably certain that since Jan. 1 more than 20,000 infiltrators have entered South Viet Nam. There now are believed to be 90,000 North Vietnamese regulars or Viet Cong main-force troops in the country — comprising 12 North Vietnamese regimesntal forces and 15 Viet Cong regiments. Together with guerrillas, political cadre and logistics personnel, it is believed that the Communist forces In South Viet Nam now number about 250,000. Military authorities say there definitely are 111 enemy battalions in South Viet Nam; the presence of nine other battalions is listed in the "about accepted" category and 19 others are considered probable. These are said to be 50 North Vietnamese army battalions in the total of those acknowledged to be in the country. Against this Communist buildup, it was disclosed that the number of U.S. troops in South Viet Nam now totals 255,000. Of these there are 156,500 Army personnel 13,500 Navy and Coast Guard, 51,000 Marines, 34,000 Air Force. There also are 26,50 allied troops for a total, along with th» Americans, of 281,500. The present strength of South Vietnamese army units is put at 316,000, plus 136,800 in the regional forces and 135,000 in the popular forces. These with tha police, irregular civil defense forces and combat youth ara reported to give South Viet Nam a total of about 700,000 men under arms. There are 145 trained Vietnamese army battalins and 10 more now undergoing training. Figures on desertions reached 23 per thousand during January and February, showing the traditional rise during the new year season. In March they had gone down to 21 per thousand and were reported decreasing further In, April. George W. Ball: De Gaulle Flirts With W.W. Ill WASHINGTON (AP) - Undersecretary of State George W. Ball says the "self-centered" policies of French. President Charts de Gaulle may return Europe to a dangerous system of national rivalries that could once more lead to world war. In a speech Friday night before the American Society of International Law, Ball accused De Gaulle of trying to make France a first-class power while keeping its European neighbors In an inferior role. "This is a desire on the part of the French government to carve out a special place for itself which means a great reduction in the kind of cooperative effort which has been going forward in Europe and within the Atlantic world," Ball explained in a later CBS television interview. "I think this can only weaken the West and create problems where we may have, again, old national rivalries reasserting themselves and a beginning of the kind of troubles that we have known so often and so disastrously in the past," he said. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created after World War II, the undersecretary said, in an effort "to remove the underlying causes" that had created so many of the past disasters. t * * In his speech before the society, Ball also —Warned that France's pullout from the NATO defense system would weaken the common shield against the Soviets and thus delay chances for settling East-West problems like German reunification and disar- Step Up Air War: Stennis BILOXI, Miss. (AP) - Sen. John C. Stennis said it is an "open secret" today that the Joint Chiefs of Staff favor intensifying U.S. air strikes against North Viet Nam. In a speech prepared for the Mississippi Broadcasters Association, the Mississippi Demo- intensified air war against North Viet Nam." mament. —Portrayed European unity as the right road to true European independence, big power status and equality with the United States. —Said NATO is in crisis over De Gaulle's announced intent to pull French forces out of NATO's integrated military structure by July 1 and oust NATO units from French soil within a year. Ball said this and other De Gaulle moves are aimed at sep- foolish to think that the split between Peking and Moscow is permanent. Officials said it is likely that the Soviets will seek to resume economic assistance to the Chinese Communists as a peace gesture. The 72-year-old - dictator~Mao has not been seen in public since last November, officials said, leading to speculation that he may be ill again. But such reports have been periodic for the past decade. Ball, Foreign Aid Director David E. Bell and J. Wayne Atlantic countries and giving her "a special position of primacy in Western Europe." Paris is aiming for a first-class power position from which to deal "to its own advantage" with the Soviet Union and the United States, he said. But because of France's middle-ranking size of 50 million population and limited resources, Ball said, "No matter who adroit (its) diplomacy may be, it cannot achieve first power status." * * * As usual In such speeches, Ball did not mention the French president by name. But earlier, 700 editors and broadcasters heard U. S. officials specifically refer to De Stennis also expressed hope j Gaulle in similar addresses de- lere will be no "privileged Hvered at a State Department there sanctuary" if Chinese planes attack American fliers. (The State Department has said that "hot pursuit" of such attacing planes into China would be in order, crat — who head the Senate)but only President Johnson Armed Services Preparedness subcommittee, called anew for an all-out assault on oil, power and arms plants in the Hanoi- Haiphong industrial areas of North Viet Nam. Stennis said the air war "has not achieved and, under current and restrictive ground rules, will not achieve its objective of substantially halting or curtailing the flow of men, materials and supplies from. North to South Viet Nam. "We should close the ports of North Viet Nam by whatever method our military leaders deem to be appropriate," he said. "We should destroy the petroleum facilities in the Ha- noi-Haiphong complex. We should also attack power producing facilities and plants producing military equipment and supplies and other tools of war. "These things are necessary to protect our fighting men, to shorten the war, and to minimize the loss of valuable American lives. The majority of the high ranking military leaders with whom I have talked agree with me on this." he said. "It if an n--i w"' fist the Joint Chiefs of Staff have long recommended a Hepped up and could decide if Chinese airfields were to be bombed.) foreign policy conference. The newsmen also were told the Soviet Union may try to heal the rift in the Communist world by trying to make a comeback in Communist China after the death of aging Mao Tze-Tung. China experts said it would be of state for African affairs, were the listed speakers at the second and final session of the two-day semiannual conference. Teens Here To Compete Blytheville area teenagers will compete in the annual Teen-Age Road-e-o on May 8, Blytheville Jaycees announced today. Co-sponsor of the event will be Union Blytheville Inc. The event will be run off at the Safeway parking lot and entry blanks are available at Union (Railroad at Ash) or at the Jaycee offices on North Second. Blytheville's winner will get a $25 savings bond and a trip to the state competition in Conway June 11. The state champion goes to Washington in August. Any boy or girl who has a driver's license and who will not be 19 prior to Aug. 11 is eligible. CLEAN UP—Clean-up, Paint-up, Fix-up Week in Blytheville ends tomorrow. City workmen tail week attacked a pita of reftm and dirt near old Blytheville Hospital. (Courier News Photo) CONOCO'S FIRST—The first bargeload of anhydrous ammonia fertilizer produced at Continental Oil Company's Barfield Plant was loaded and shipped .(to Mt. ; Vernon, HI..) yesterday. On hand for the occasion were County Judge A. A. Banks, Mayor Jimmie Edwards, Continental's Howard Olehi and D. >W. Deaney, the Chamber of Commerce's E. B. David, Plant Manager Mitch Gambrell, Industrial Committee Chairman Max Logan and Harry Gunther of Continental's Agrico Chemical Co; (Courier News Photo) Fogleman Endorsed Blytheville's Bar Association has voted to endorse John Fogleman of West Memphis, a candidate for the Arkansas Supreme Court. In a resolution signed by Bar Association President Graham Partlow, Fogleman is cited for "his excellent qualifications for this office. Fogleman is a candidate for Position No. 6 on the Supreme Court. His opponents are James A Ross from Monticello and Tom Gentry of Little Rock. All are Democrats. They are running for the seat vacated by Jim Johnson, now a candidate for Governor. "He has been a leader in all movements to improve the administration of justic in Arkansas and is considered by his fellow attorneys as a lawyer's lawyer," the resolution goes on to state. "He's a seeker of truth and justice and is always eager to protect the rights of all classes of persons. "His election to the Supreme Court once again would give the citizens of eastern Arkansas a worthy successor to the last justice from this section of the state, namely the late justice Frank Smith. "It has been more than 20 years since Eastern Arkansas had a representative on the Supreme Court and the law- years of this bar unanimous- .ly recommend John A. Fogleman as an honest, conscientious, capable, efficient, fair and impartial gentleman and commend him to the voters of Arkansas as a man worthy of their support for this great office," the resolution concludes. Seven More Die In Texas Storms By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Waves of giant thunderstorms smashed across North Texas again Friday, taking seven more lives and adding to ttie millions of dollars in property damage. Texans looked skyward today for some sign of relief but saw only dark gray clouds. One Dallas suburban official whose city has been especially hard hit summed up the despair of most: "Tbis water has no place to go." A tornado dipped onto the campus of a small college northeast of Fort Worth; a boy drowned in a submerged car; a pilot perished when his plane clipped a guy wire of a cloud- obscured television tower, and five persons were killed on rain- swept highways. Twelve persons died in the Dallas-Fort Fort Worth area Good Record Pays TACOMA, Wash. (AP) - The jaywalking charge against Kenneth McLeod has been dismissed. Municipal Court Judge Dewitt Roland decided any man who could live 89 years without acquiring some sort of a traffic ticket was entitled to a break. WW I Vets to Meet Veterans of World War I will meet Tuesday at 7:30 p.m. when State Commander D. 0. Reynolds will be present to explain the Medicare Plan. The meeting will be held in the Legion Hut, Commander Elmer Patton announced. during .he two days of violent storms. Eight of the victims drowned. * * * In Washington, the Small Business Administration declared Dallas County and adjacent counties disaster areas. The tornado hit Fort Worth Christian College with an enrollment of about 1,500. President Curtis Ramey, who was in the administration building when the wind ripped the roof from over his head, said at least three buildings were damaged. One person was injured. In the Dallas suburb of Garland, Duck Creek, which normally flows about 6 inches deep, was up to an estimated 12 feet, Police Chief Henry Ashley said. In Dallas, the Red Cross said at least 256 families had suffered major loss of home or belongings and more .nan 400 had been evacuated. The Trinity River apparently reached a crest of 34 feet — four feet above flood stage. Levees protect the city. An earthen dam at Windthorst burst, sending much of the town's wa.er supply pouring into Lake Arrowhead. In northeast Texas, the Sabine River was 12 feet above flood stage at Gladewater and other streams were flooding vast areas. Much of the Eastern half of the nation also upper Michigan, with Duluth, Minn., receiving an inch of snow. Temperatures were below freezing from Wyoming and central Montana to northern Minnesota. ELECTED - Mrs. Phillip J. Deer was elected president of the Arkansas Conference of Tuberculosis Workers at a state meeting held this week in Little Rock. Weather Forecast Mostly cloudy with scattered U1C iiauun «»u received rain, showers and thunderstorms and watered thundershowers, ' through Sunday except ending and in the North Central states the mercury dropped below the freezing point. A band of rold rain or wet snow stretched from northern lowt and •astern Minnesota to west portion late Sunday. Little change in temperatures through Sunday. High today 64 to 76. Low tonight 56 northwest to 68 southeast.
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