The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on June 25, 1940 · Page 1
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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 1

West Palm Beach, Florida
Issue Date:
Tuesday, June 25, 1940
Page 1
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THE PALM BEACH POST THUMBNAIL EDITORIAL: War or no war, politics marches on. TODAY'S WEATHER: No doubt about it but that slacks were made for this kind of days. VOL. XXXII: No. 116 WEST PALM BEACH, FLORIDA, TUESDAY MORNING, JUNE 25, 1940 Fourteen Pages Today FIVE CENTS GUNS NAZI PLANES RAID BRITAIN "stop mui" Nil III Governor Stassen Calls For Aid To Private ' Enterprise PHILADELPHIA. June 24. UP) Young Gov. Harold E. Stassen of Minnesota sounded the 1940 Republican keynote to a clamorously applauding national convention tonight, with an assertion that "the role of government must be that of an aid to private enterprise, and not a substitute for it." Denouncing what he termed New Deal "failures" ... as the ralise of American problems, both domestic and foreign, he called upon the party to "advance with a decisive and determined step upon four major fronts: Four Points "The front of national preparedness. "The front of Fifth Column defense. "The front of domestic economic welfare. "The front of governmental effectiveness." Applause greeted each of these exhortations. "The saddest chapter of the last four years," Stassen shouted, was that the Roosevelt administration "has turned its political gaze upon a third term" instead of upon the national welfare. He spoke to an audience which had trooped into Convention Hall heavily pondering and excitedly debating the developments of a day which brought: Widespread reports of new gains for the drive of Wendell Willkie. An assertion by a spokesman for Senator Robert A. Taft that instead, the Willkie boom had (Continued on Page Eight) CLASH IS REPORTEO FROM THE BALKANS BUDAPEST, Hungary, June 24. ,(&) Foreign military and diplomatic quarters were informed late tonight from Bucharest that Rumanian and Russian troops have clashed at several points along the Dniester River frontier. More than 100 planeR of the Red air force were reported to have made reconnaissance flights over Bessarabia, the Rumanian province behind the Dniester. Bessarabia for many years was Russian territory, hut after the World War when Russia became Communistic, the territory voted through representatives to join Rumania. Soviet Russia never has recognized the validity of the transfer of sovereignity. Reports have been arriving here for some time of large concentrations of Red army troops, tanks and airplanes along the Russian-Rumanian frontier. These advices followed others earlier In the day from Zagreb, Yugoslavia, that Italian troops had arrived at Scutari, near the Yugoslav-Albanian frontier the past three days and that Scutari had been declared a military 2nne. More Power Asked For The President NEW YORK, June 24. Fi New and sweeping power for the President to arm the nation for war was urged today by Francis Bid-die, U. S. solicitor general. "Increased administrative power has great risks to human liberty," he told the Columbia Law School Alumni Association, "but isn't that one of the risks we must take if we are to arm and unify our nation for the thing that must be expected?" "We are organizing for war and we should know it," he said, adding that his remarks applied to the national government, regardless of who the president might be. MANY MASONS GATHER FOR FLORA LA MEETING FLORALA, Ala., June 24. UP) Florala, hospitable town of around 3,000 population on the Alabama-Florida line, was host today to approximately 22,000 visitors gathered for the 69th Masonic celebration here. Senator Lister Hill addressed the throng, declaring that preparedness would be the only way to keep America out of war. The celebration was billed as the largest annual Masonic gathering in the nation, 1 REPIMIK British Newspapers Demand Free Press . LONDON, June 25 (Tuesday). (1 British newspapers warned the government today against "muzzling" the press, and one paper claimed censorship had caused panic in France. The News-Chronicle, asserting "rumors are in the air of proposals for muzzling the British press by imposing a stricter censorship or by even more drastic measures," declared that "for the sake of the nation, this must not happen." Tight censorship in France, the News-Chronicle said, made that nation "the prey of panic and rumor." The Laborite Daily Herald called for "a vigilant Parliament and a free and fearless press." Similar views were expressed by Lord Beaverbrook's Daily Express and Lord Camrose's Daily Telegraph. JAPAN MAY TRY 10 Seizure Of French And Dutch Possessions Now Looms TOKYO, June 25. (Tuesday) UP) Informed sources said today that the Japanese government may attempt to declare a "protectorate" over French and Netherlands territories in the Orient. Such a move, it was said, probably would follow discussions with Germany and Italy as to the future of such holdings by defeated European powers. Responsible Japanese sources expressed concern at the chance the Far eastern colonies of France and The Netherlands might pass into the hands of the victors in the European war. It was felt that such a situation would be disadvantageous to Japan. Authoritative quarters said the French colonial army in Indochina is composed largely of natives and probably would retreat to the interior if actually attacked. Such direct action was not thought to be likely, however, in view of the complete agreement to Japanese demands thus far. CHUNGKING, June 25. (Tuesday) (,9i Reliable Chinese quarters said today that full Chinese preparations have been completed to oppose any Japanese military aggression in Indo-Ohina as a result of the fall of B"rance. RUMANIAN JEWS LOSE ALE RIGHTS BUCHAREST, June 24. UP Rumania's 1.000,000 Jews automatically lose the right to hold public office, to serve as heads of private industries and in professional organizations under a new decree published today. When King Carol's new Nazi-patterned totalitarian party was formed last week a royal decree was issued limiting all such posts to party members. Today's decree went further and forbids all Jews from joining the party, although other minorities will be admitted in special categories. French St eel Orders Assumed Ry England PITTSBURGH, June 24. UP) American sleel companies began receiving releases from British authorities over the weekend for French steel orders on which they had abruptly ceased work. Authoritative sources said tonight England began to assume the French orders which were in process of manufacture at the time France asked Germany for an armistice and part but not all of the orders which had not yet reached the point of processing. Steel mills in the Pittsburgh district which averaged about 82 per cent of capacity last week will increase to around 83 per cent this week it was estimated, despite a drop in the national rate of production of around one per cent to 86.5 per cent, the first dip In nine weeks. JERSEY SENATE VOTES FOB MORE POLICEMEN TRENTON, N. J., June 24. UP) The New Jersey Senate passed tonight a bill adding 50 members to the State Police Department after its sponsor, Majority Leader I, Grant Scott, Republican, said they were needed to prevent "espionage, sabotage and Fifth Column activities." The measure, which now goes to the Assembly, carried a $14.V 000 appropriation to mept salaries and other expenses incidental to a personnel increase, Al LANDS IS Recognition Of Retain Ministry Studied By Hull WASHINGTON, June 24. UPi The United States withdrew its chief diplomatic representative from Bordeaux today in a move which raised questions as to both present and future relations with the Petain ministry in France. Secretary Hull announced that Anthony J. Drexel Biddle had been ordered to leave the temporary French capital and resume in London his duties as ambassador to the exiled Polish government. Not Affected The secretary of state said that Biddle's departure for London had nothing to do with the question of possible withdrawal of recognition of the Petain government in favor of the newly-formed French National . Committee in London which is seeking to organize continued French resistance in the war. William C. Bullitt, Hull said, still is the ambassador to France. However, Bullitt has been cut off from direct communication with the State Department since the Germans occupied Paris. Communication between this government and the Petain ministry has been through Biddle. News dispatches from abroad said that Bullitt had arrived at Bordeaux, present seat' of the Petain government, but State Department officials said that up to early tonight they had received no word from Bullitt at Bordeaux. It (Continued on Page Nine) 9 IN SEDITION CASE NEW YORK, June 24. UPl The Federal government's first mass sedition case in many years an 11 week trial of 14 young men charged with conspiracy to overthrow the government and to steal Federal property ended late today with a jury acquitting nine defendants and disagreeing on the other five. The Brooklyn Federal court jury reached its decision after deliberating off and on for 125 hours since 12:53 p. m. last Wednesday and was thanked by Judge Marcus B. Campbell for its "long service and careful deliberation." Scores of anxious relatives crowded into the courtroom to congratulate the defendants, whom J. Edgar Hoover, FBI chief, had accused when they were arrested in January of plotting to kill a dozen Congressmen in a coup to set up an anti-Semitic dictatorship in this country. All except. Alfred J. Quinlan were charged with both offenses; he was accused only of conspiracy to steal government ammunition. Ten days after the trial began a 15th defendant, Claus Gunther E r n e c k c , 3fi, correspondence course salesman and Berlin-born German-American Bund member, hanged himself in a rented room. Early in the trial charges were dismissed against two other men. LEOPOLD MAY CO TO SPAIN SAN SEBASTIAN, June 25. (Tuesday) (JP) It was reported here today that this North Spain summer resort mlht become a new Doom home of King Leopold III of Belgium by arrangement with Germany. Since his surrender when German armies overran his country, Leopold, disowned by his own government, has been living in a castle in Belkium under German supervision. His three children came to Spain, and it was learned that arrangements have been made for them to remain here. NOTE FROM SPAIN MADRID, June 24. (JF) The newspaper Alcazar urged tonight that South American countries prevent any Spanish-American territory from being "bought by yellow metal" by the United States. The newspaper advised Central and South American countries to "demand jointly for themselves as the legitimate heirs ol the Spanish empire such lands as France, The Netherlands Mid Brit- MOVED 1 H Demonstration Gets But Scant Attention PHILADELPHIA, June 24. UP) Carrying "Roosevelt-for-Presi-dent, Willkie-for-Vice-President" signs, a group which identified itself as the "Young Republicans of Maryland" and the "Baltimore Young Democrats" demonstrated in front of the Republican Convention Hall during a recess today. H. A. Pressman, Baltimore attorney, and his wife, were leaders of the group. The demonstration, coming at. a time when the delegates were absent from the convention hall, attracted scant attention, t One of the signs said: "United we stand, Republicans and Democrats." U. S. CRUISER KEPI AT TROUBLE SPOT Quincy Will Remain At Montevideo For Next Several Days MONTEVIDEO, June 24. tPt The U. S. cruiser Quincy, scheduled to leave Montevideo Tuesday after a "good will visit" at a time when Uruguay is investigating alleged pro-Nazi plots to occupy the country, received unexpected orders tonight from Washington to remain "for a few more days." In addition, it was learned, the flagship Wichita of the Seventh Cruiser Squadron has left Rio de Janeiro for Montevideo and is expected to arrive June 29. Observers here took the presence of a U. S. warship in Montevideo harbor as an indication the United States would back up the Uruguay government in its actions to investigate and wipe out any foreign-dictated plots. The Chamber of Depulies tonight turned the report of a special commission named to investigate Nazi activities over to the Department of Administration and Justice with instructions to draw up measures to safeguard against subversive activities. The chamber rejected a proposal to send to all American governments the information in the commission's report which said evidence had been found of plots to set up a "Little Nazi state" in Uruguay. While American warplanes droned overhead in a demonstration, the chamber voted at an open session to adopt an administration bill for the purchase of additional armaments. FLORIDA CUES MOVE TO GET THEIR TAXES ORLANDO, June 24. (Pi-City attorneys from throughout Florida began a move here today to collect municipal taxes and special assessment liens against lands which under the Murphy act have reverted to the State. Meeting with Austin Miller of Jacksonville at a session called by the attorney's section of the Florida League of Municipalities, the lawyers adopted two resolutions whereby claims of the various cities will be pressed under a decision of the Florida Supreme Court, May 17, on the Murphy act. In its ruling, City Attorney W. Wallace Shafer of Haines City explained, the court held that cities are entitled to municipal taxes and special assessment liens. However, a mechanism for enforcing collection of these monies had to be set up, he said. Killing Of Escaper Called Justifiable BARTOW. June 24. UP A coroner's jury today held that Frank Thomas Kellher, a convict, was killed by H. V. Herrin, a prison camp guard, while the prisoner was attempting to escape from a work crew near here. The jury declared the shooting justifiable after Herin and other guards testified the convict tried to make a break for freedom Friday morning. Dr. H. P. Newman testified he dressed the prisoner's wounds before the man was taken to the prison hospital at Raiford. Kellher died at Raiford Saturday night. CONTINUANCE URGED MONTREAL, June 24. UP) A message urging continuing the struggle against Germany and advocating establishment of a French government abroad, was sent today to General Charles de Gaulle in London by a group of French residents of Montreal F GETS WHIG Polish Refugee Army Back In England To Continue Fight LONDON, June 25 (Tuesday). (AP) Waves of German bombers celebrated a victorious armistice with France today by flying over this island fortress and setting sirens wailing In a wide area of England and in London and dropping bombs in many places. Enemy planes dropped numerous bombs in Southeast and Southwest England, ranged as far as Wales in the west, and visited the west and northeast, but there was no sound of antiaircraft, fire or of bombs dropping in London itself. Planes Are Heard The throb of plane motors high above London was heard, however, and restless searchlights probed the skyline. One plane was caught in the beam of a searchlight in London, but it was not known whether it was German or English. There were no immediate reports of casualties or damage in the areas bombed, although several incendiary bombs were reported dropped in the Southwest. British fighter planes were active when three waves of German bombers flew at a great height over Northeast England. It was London's first real air raid alarm of the war. Night workers and sleepy citizens went streaming to air raid shelters and basements. - During the raid Royal Air Force (Continued on Page Nine) 3 Tl NORFOLK, Va., June 24. UP) Mrs. Louise Gertrude Sanderlin, 28, and her three small children were found dead today, dangling from ropes in a chicken house on their Norfolk County farm. Deputy Sheriff Frank Wilson reported Coroner L. C. Ferebee had found the deaths resulted from strangulation. C. C. Sanderlin, the 64-year-old husband and father, told police he had been ill in bed and last, saw his wife at 9:30 a. m., five hours before he said he discovered the bodies. He was jailed for "investigation." The mother and two older children, Charles C, Jr., 7, and Louise, 5J, were hanging from the rafters. Six-months-old Joalice was hanging from the end of a rope that was wound about the mother's right arm. Navigation District Slashes Its Taxes Despite generally increased taxes, the Florida Inland Navigation District levy has been cutin half, it was disclosed here Monday by D. H. Conkling, district commissioner. Mr. Conkling, upon his return from a commission meeting at Melbourne, said that a reduction from one mill to one-half mill had been accomplished through operating economies and retirement of bonds in excess of requirements. PROFESSOR DIES LONDON, June 25. (Tuesday) UP) Prof. Albert Fowler, former president of the Royal Astronomical Society, died last night in London. He was 72 years old. WAVES IJ n Armistice Terms Make Virtually All France, Except. Meager Portion, Potential Battlefield Br R1RKK I,. HIMPSON Assorlated Presa Writer For millions of French citizens outside the shriveled territory left to that vanquished nation by Ger man-Italian armistice terms, the cease-firing order will have little real meaning. The continuing war between Britain and the Nazi-Fascist axis makes a potential air battlefield of all coastal France, both east and west, and all of her vast industrial life taken over by the victors in military occupation everything in France except the meager area in which her surrendering government holds sway. Relations Ruptured The rupture of relations between Britain and the Petain ministry Vanquished France Officially Lays Down Shattered Arms As Victim To Axis Military Rule General Mourning Proclaimed Throughout Heartsick Republic After Second Pact Is Signed With Italy; Stop Firing Shortly After Midnight RUFFLE OF DRUMS BLARE OF NAZI BERLIN. June 25. (Tuesday) UP) The ruffle of drums and the triumphant blare of a German bugle resounded around the world early today and then came the hoarse, historic command: "Cease firing!" Germany's war gainst France over her ancient foe. Bells throughout Germany pealed out the tidings, their notes picked up by the radio network of all stations in Germany, and those of conquered Paris, and Amsterdam, Warsaw, Copenhagen, Prague, Oslo and Brussels, as well as of The strains of "Deutschland song filled the air. It was 1:35 a. m. German time (6:35 p. m., Monday, EST.) Hitler Praised A proclamation, filled with declaring that the victory was one surpassing the highest expectations, was made in German and then in all other principal languages of the globe. And then Germany was ready, single-minded, to turn all energies toward the remaining enemy England in an onslaught which, it was said, "will be like nothing the world has ever seen." The announcement ceremonies were concluded with the fighting song: We sail against England. Upon the announcement that France had agreed to armistice terms with Italy Monday night, and that the hostilities would cease six hours later as prescribed in the German terms to which France yielded Saturday, Hitler declared in a formal proclamation: "In humility we thank God for His blessing." Flags and Bells He ordered flags displayed for 10 days and bells rung throughout the Greater Reich for seven days. He directed 100,000 Germans who had been removed from their homes on the Western border to return and promised them that damaged or destroyed houses would be restored. Rudolf Hess, No. 3 Nazi, sent Hitler a glowing telegram, calling the victory the most glorious in German history and declaring: "You have thus given meaning to the struggle of German World War veterans which lasted many years." The order to cease firing mark ed the end of a 46-day campaign which brought France to her knees, with most of her soil oc cupied by German soldiers, and The Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg under the Nazi flag. Duce Fails To Make An Discussion Of Italian ROME, June 24. UP) Italy triumphantly ended her war with beaten France today just two weeks after Premier Benito Mussolini plunged into the European conflict on the side of his powerful Axis partner, Adolf Hitler. The armistice, terms of which were not made public at once, was signed at 7:15 p. m. (12:15 p. m., EST), 15 minutes under a full day after they were presented to the four French delegates who on Saturday had agreed to Hit- er's terms in Compiegne Forest, France. Count Galeazzo Ciano, Italian foreign minister and Mussolini's son-in-law, informed the German government of the signing 20 minutes later. Mussolini, who only 14 days ago stood on a balcony of his Palazzo Venezia to tell his nation that we have decided to take the risks and sacrifices of war," was in France which accepted German armistice conditions means just that. By that act, still to be formally consummated by Britain, the grief and amazement expressed by Prime Minister Churchill at the form of French capitulation is in process of translation into grim deeds. It accounts for British official publication of a summary of the German armistice terms. The accuracy of that summary has not been denied, either by the Petain ministry or by Berlin. And the general import of the British version i of what France has accepted appears to justify the British view that her ally has not only surrendered but in effect permitted herself to be made a passive AND TRIUMPHANT BUGLE ENDS FRANCE in the west was ended with victory the world Uber Allies" and the Horst Wessel praise for Reichsfuehrer Hitler and In 78 days, since the start of the Scandinavian campaign on April 9, Germany has acquired all the Atlantic Coast from the Arctic to Spain. When Hitler unleashed his pow erful war machine against the Low Countries and the Allies on May 10, he proclaimed in an order of the day that it was the beginning of a fight that "decides the fate of the German nation for the next 1,000 years." Look To Britain Wilhelmstrasse took it for granted the French would sign whatever armistice terms Musso lini might grant them and it was clear to every German that all energies now could be concentrat ed on settling scores with the Nazi Reich's principal enemy, Great Britain. That this attack on England will dwarf even the blitzkrieg which humbled France, was indicated in semi-official comment. Preliminary preparation for the great drive included further advances by German forces in France, extending the Nazi grip on coast vantage points useful against British seapower, and a tour of inspection by Grand Admiral Erich Raeder to make certain that Nazi naval units and naval facilities were ready for the word "Go!" U-boat activity against British shipping continued unabated, but the high command reported Nazi air activity "limited to North Sea reconnaissance." Lull Before Storm This was generally taken to mean a lull before the air-storm agaiast Britain. The high command's mention of renewed bomb-( Continued on Page Nine) Appearance During Demands On France not present when the armistice was signed in the 17th century Villa Inchesa, 12 miles from Rome. Presumably he had not even seen the four French delegates at any time since they arrived by German plane from Munich Sunday afternoon to open the negotiations. The terms were presented Sunday in 20 minutes, and discusions lasted nearly four hours today. In the end Gen. Charles Hunt-ziger, leader of the French delegation, and Marshal Pietro Badog-lio, chief of the Italian general staff, signed the documents. The French, having agreed in the German terms to surender and internment of their fleet, demobilization and disarmament of the French army and Nazi occupation of more than half of France, were prepared for harsh treatment from Italy. accomplice of Germany and Italy in the war on England. There is a sinister significance in British eyes to Article XVI of the armistice terms. It requires the French government to "repatriate the (French) population to (German) occupied territory." To Be Driven Back That means that the Petain government assumes the obligation of sending back whence they came "those millions of French, Belgian and Dutch refugees who are now huddling In Southern France, Some estimates have placed at eight to ten millions the aggregate of that dreadful pilgrimage to escape the battle .(Continued on Page Nine) BORDEAUX, June 25 (Tuesday). (AP) Van. quished France officially laid down her shattered arms today, victim of the military might of Germany abetted by Italy. General mourning was pro claimed throughout the heartsick republic on this saddest day in its history. The "cease-fire" order, for which the exhausted soldiers of France had waited in the last interminable six hours of sluggish but still deadly battle, came at 12:35 a. m. French time (6:35 p. m. Monday, EST). France at last was at peace an uneasy peace that found mora than half her devastated soil occupied by the invaders, millions of her people homeless, untold numbers of her finest manhood dead or wounded, and her government a virtual prisoner surrounded by the victorious foe. A more enduring peace must await the outcome of the continuing struggle between the axis powers and Great Britain, France's erstwhile ally. (Apparently, all Frenchmen will not accept the bitter armistice. ("Shame and revulsion fill the hearts of good Frenchmen," declared General Charles de Gaulle in a broadcast from London, where he formed a French National Committee to continue th war. ("France and the French people are delivered to the enemy, tied hand and foot. . . . France is worthy of something better than the slavery accepted by the government of Bordeaux. ("Some day, I promise you, Allied forces, the best of ths French army, the mechanized army, by land, by sea and by air, together with Allies, will restore liberty to the world and greatness to our country.") Day Of Mourning Recognizing the hard terms to which France has yielded after 4fi days of the German "total war" (Continued on Page Nine) WEATHER Br Th AMMiated Press ROKK( AST Florida: Partly cloudy today and Wednesday with scattered afternoon thundershower. M A ft I MS yoRKCAST Hatleras to Jacksonville : Fresh southwesterly winds, moderately strong and shifting to westerly over North portion, partly overcast, weather today, scattered showers. Jacksonville to Florida Stralta anil F.ust Gulf: Moderate southeast ana south winds, except moderate south westerly over extieme North portion, partly overcast weather today, scat lereri showers. Western Carlhhean: Moderate east erly winds, partly overcast weather today, wldelv scattered showers. WEATHKK TAItl.K Jane. It, 140 Station Highest Lowest Alpena Aihevlllc Atlanta 1 Atlantic City Birmingham Boston Buffalo Burlington Chicago Cincinnati Cleveland Dallas Denver Delrolt Dtiluth El Paso Calveston Havre Jacksonville Kansas City Key West Little Rock I.os Angeles isiulsvllle Memphis Meridian Miami Minn. -St, Paul Mnhlle New Orleans New York Norfolk Pittsburgh Portland. Mains Portland. Ore. Richmond St. Louis San Antonio San Francisco Savannah Tampa Vlckshurg Washington Wilmington Meat Palm Reach M 4!) 85 67 90 70 S3 65 J 74 12 58 70 &S 69 45 66 39 78 72 7r m HI 70 fa 44 74 65 75 50 77 64 DO SQ 84 50 93 74 77 55 Al 80 81 T2 73 . 56 75 71 74 70 SI 71 88 76 75 55 88 75 84 76 60 55 4 74 80 67 61 52 95 65 93 73 7R 60 92 75 61 53 94 74 90 77 87 75 93 72 89 75 SS 76 Rainfall (to I p. m l none Barometer (at midnight) 29.98. DrA.i.lllna ...I., Ct'. Ll.k O OA -A ii:ti,iiiiih nuiu, nc, fMKll, .TU IR( 4:35 p. m.); low, calm (at 12:33 t, m. miniiar 0.41 a. m. ; art l .in p. m Moonrlse 11:19 p. m, ; set 10-41 t. m, INI.KT TIDKK TODAY High 12:57 I. m. and 1:26 p. m. Low 7:13 1. m. and 7:23 p. m. Daily Inventory Dr. W. T. VanLandlngham, eltf health officer, teparted the. elty entirely frea from ritmmanleanl diseases an Jnne M.

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