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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida • Page 1
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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida • Page 1

West Palm Beach, Florida
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POST POST TIMES: Circulation Largest Where Buying Power Is Greatest VOL. XXX: No. 189 WEST PALM BEACH. FLORIDA, MONDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 19, 1938 Ten Pages Today FIVE CENTS POST TIMES: Associated Press Night and Day Wires. United Press Day Wire, THE PALM BEACH BELIEVES TO TROPICAL-BLOW HITS FAST CLIP Seeking Peace At Any Price French Leaders Call On U.

S. To Take Hand In Czech Feud BRITAIN AND FRANCE BOW TO HITLER; CZECHS WILL NOT SUBMIT TO BALLOT; ITALY PLEDGES TO ASSIST GERMANY CHADViCK GETS 'Complete Agreement' Brings Decision To Desert Czechs In Hope To Avert European War Free Corps Guns Wound Officials As Premier Says. No Vote Will Do Hope To Induce Tiny Republic To Give Up Territory Demanded By Fuehrer Talk Of New Guarantees LONDON, Sept. 19. (Monday) (AP) Britain and France apparently decided today to drop resistance to all or part of Adolf Hitler's demands in Czechoslovakia.

In return they hoped to get a general European settlement with Germany. A brief, guarded communique issued after Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and his key ministers had been in an almost continuous 12-hour conference with the French' Premier Edouard Daladier and his Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet, said only that they had reached a "complete agreement" on a policy td be adopted "with a view IN BETTER POSITION Believes Administration May Bow To Opposi- tion In Future WASHINGTON, Sept. 18. UP) Senator Tydings (D-Md), dis cussing the probable legislative ef fects of President Roosevelt's ef fort to oust him and others from the Senate, predicts that oppon ents of the government reorgani- zatoin bill will be able to amend it as they wish. Asked what he thought would be effect of his own and other Democratic Senatorial victories over Presidential opposition, Tyd ings said: "That depends on what the leg islation is." He took the reorganization bill which was passed by the Senate after a notable battle and then jected in the House last year, as an example, and said he thought tne opponents of the measure would be successful in attaching amendments which the Senate re jected a year ago.

Furthermore, Tydings ventured the opinion hat the administration might bow to the opposition in advance and include some of these amendments in its draft of the bill to be considered at the next ses sion, beginning in January. The effect of the President's at tempt to unseat Democratic Senators whom he calls conservatives has been a subject, of frequent speculation among other politicians. Senator Barkley (D-Ky), the majority leader, said recently that he thought it was not going to "make a whole lot of difference" in the attitude of Congress next session. In Atlanta, Senator Walter F. George, one of those who won re-nomination over the President's opposition, said "the great Democrats" would be quick to cast aside the bitterness of the campaign "and work for the party and its principles." There must be differences of opinion in a democracy, he said, adding: "These differences are natural and proper within the party in the process of selecting its representatives.

All great Democrats bow to the will of the people." But- Says Boake Carter (Cop'jriuM, Ml, by Ledger Syndicate) CONSERVATIVES IN ITSPASSAGE Weather Bureau Advises East Florida Coast To Watch Storm JACKSONVILLE, Sept. 18. UP) A tropical disturbance of dangerous proportions roared westward through the Atlantic Ocean tonight, its center approx imately 450 miles north of San Juan, Puerto Rico. The Weather Bureau here in a 9:30 p. m.

advisory placed the hurricane at approximately latitude 23 degrees north and longi tude 66 degrees west at 7 p. moving west-northwest about 20 miles an hour. The position given was about 900 miles east-southeast of Miami. The storm is attended by hurri cane winds (75 miles per hour) near the center and by strong shifting gales and squalls over a large area the advisory said. "Caution advised all vessels in path and all small craft, Cape Hatteras to Florida Straits, should remain in port until storm danger "Storm will begin to affect the extreme Eastern Bahamas by mid' Monday and Central Bahamas by Monday night.

"Interests on the East Florida Coast should keep closely in touch with further advisories, as, if pres ent direction and rate of move ment are maintained, winds will begin to increase on East Florida Coast early Tuesday." Forecasters said the disturbance covered a large area and was moving at an unusually rapid speed. It was discovered first Saturday night about 450 miles northeast of the Leeward Islands. It moved westward 500 miles during the next 24 hours to a position at 1 p. m. today approximately 1,200 miles due east of Havana.

Cuba. Weathermen said there was no indication of a material change in the hurricane's direction within the next 24 hours," They added that there is a "50-50 chance of the storm curving to the north and avoiding the Atlantic 22 Others Injured In One Crash, Ten In Another Wreck RED HOOK, N. Sept. 18. UP) One person was killed and 22 others injured, one seriously, when a Montreal to New York City bus collided today with a parked truck two tniles north of here.

Margaret Craine, 59, of New York City, a passenger in the bus, died of injuries in a hospital at Rhinebeck, N. Y. Seriously injured was Emma Brown, 50, of Ottawa, Ont, another bus passenger who is suffering from fractures of both legs. State Police Sergeant William H. Hamblin said the truck driver, Leon J.

Liel of Utica, N. had stopped on the highway to change a tire. TJne operator of the bus, Albert Traux, 36, of Glens Falls, N. was charged with criminal negligence and held in jail at Pough-keepsie in $5,000 bail, Hamblin said. Among other bus passengers injured was Elizabeth Spenard, 58, Miami.

ELKTON, Sept. 18. UPt Nine passengers and the driver o'. a bus en route north over Route 40 were injured today when the bus went off the road and struck a tree near Circus Park about three miles west here. Ten Million Men Now Carrying Arms LONDON, Sept.

estimated total of more than 000,000 men are under arms in Europe prepared to fight. The figures as given by official or unofficial sources follow: France, Germany, Soviet Russia, Czechoslovakia, 800,000 to Italy, and Great Britain, less 200,000 with scattered reserves, such as 20,000 troops in Palestine. It was estimated that nations like Poland, Hungary, Rumania, Belgium, The Netherlands and Switzerland had enough soldiers in barracks and other places to push the total over the Wife Of Solon Dies After Heart Attack MERCHANTVILLE, N. Sept. 18.

UP) Dr. Sara Donnell Wol-yerton, physician and wife of Rep. Charles A. Wolverton of New Jer sey, died Saturday night after a week's illness. Dr.

Wolverton suffered a heart attack last Monday and was placed under an oxygen tent in her home. She was born in Nayyoon, and attended schools in Camden, N. and Philadelphia. PARIS, Sept. 18.

UP) French political leaders appealed publicly to President Roosevelt today to save peace in Their calls came at a time when Premier Edouard Daladier and Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet were conferring with British government leaders in London. The appeals, in editorials and speeches, indicated a fear that Great Britain and France might fail to hold Germany in check and a belief that United States influence was needed to avert war. Socialist Former Premier' Leon Blum, in an editorial under Ws name in Le Populaire, asked in referring to President Roosevelt: "Is it not time that he address himself to Europe with all the prestige of his person and with all he authority of the State whose moral or material support would be finally decisive in any general war?" This editorial appeared at the same time as Le Petit Journal suggested "it would perhaps be well if the President Roosevelt acts in giving his counsel to Le Petit Journal is the organ of Col. Francois de la Rocque, leader of the. French Social Party, who represents the opposite extreme of Blum in Freneh politics.

Marx Dormoy, Socialist former minister of interior, took up the campaign in an address inaugurating a school at Montlucon. "Socialists will fight to the end for maintenance of peace," he said. "They remain thus faithful to the example that Jean Jaures (Socialist leader assassinated in 1914) gave in 1914. Did he not think of soliciting the intervention of President Wilson to prevent war? The Press reflected a growing feeling that France should ap prove some dismemberment of her Central European ally rather than go to war to prevent Hitler from adding the Sudeten German region of Czechoslovakia to Ger-many. The "peace at any price cam paign of last week, which gave way to a stufer attitude Satur- day, broke out with record strength in the Sunday news papers.

PIER VOTE GROUP Vote Workers To Discuss Plans For Election Sept. 27 The Chamber of Commerce di rectorate, and heads of civic organizations, will meet at noon to day at the Hotel George Washing ton to discuss plans for speeding the. "get-out-the-vote" campaign for the September 27 bond election to decide whether West Palm Beach shall ask a PWA loan-grant for construction of a lake front park and piers to replace present facilities, President Stanley Peeler has announced. George W. Coleman will address a breakfast meeting of the Palm Beach County Real Estate Board on the subject this morning.

Using the slogan, "Your vote is worth a million dollars," committeemen will swing into action today in final week-long effort to get out one more than one-half the registered freehold voters in the city necessary before PWA will recognize an application for a loan-grant on the park-pier project. Absentee ballots have been prepared and may be obtained from the city clerk before Friday evening. Talmadge To Keep Fight Within Party ATLANTA, Sept. 18. UP) Former Gov.

Eugene Talmadge asserted tonight his contest to upset the renomination of Senator Walter F. George would be confined to the Democratic Party and added, "I'm no bolter." "I qualified under the rules of the Democratic Party," Talmadge said in an interview, "and I'm making this fight in the Democratic Party." The former Governor, who, on the basis of unofficial returns, ran second to George in the Senate race, said he had filed election contests Saturday in Greene, Oglethorpe, Crawford, Meriwether, Pike, Lamar and Rockdale Counties. "We plan contests in 25 or 30 more counties," he asserted. Talmadge said he was receiving "many telephone messages and telegrams" from persons who desired to aid him in, his fight. Allotment Increased INDIANAPOLIS, Sept.

18. (JP) The Social Security Board disclosed today in its monthly bulletin Indiana received $8,072,200 in Federal funds under the security program during the 1937-38 fiscal year, an increase of more than 100 per cent over the previous year's total. MUST STAND TRIAL SOUTH BEND, Sept. Bellevue authorities notified South Bend police today they would come here Monday to return Louis Horvath, 47, of South Pend to Ohio to stand trial for the slaying of Joseph Ceclli, 26 years ago. Duce Says Italy Has Chosen Its Place In Crisis Gripping Europe Also Says Nation Will Fight To Keep Trieste, Formerly Austrian.

TRIESTE, Italy, Sept. 18. UP) Premier Benito Mussolini pro-claimed to 100,000 cheering Fas' cists today that Italy's place "is already chosen" if the CzechO' Slovak crisis inflames Europe in a general war. II Duce first reaffirmed Italy's adherence to the Rome-Berlin axis and repeated the Italian de mand for. plebiscites for the mi' norities of Czechoslovakia.

Many who. heard him were of Germanic or Slavic nationality who became Italian citizens In the World War settlement, which gave Italy Trieste and the surrounding Tyrol area, formerly part of Aus tria-Hungary. Thunderous booing went up from the mass in Trieste's big public square when Mussolini spoke of the country "which wished to be great Czechoslovakia and which today reveals its or-ganic inconsistency." II Duce declared the Czechoslovak issue was the world's most momentous problem. He called the Jewish question Italy's most pressing domestic concern and declared "we shall adopt necessary solutions." He linked racialism to the necessity of stressing Italian superiority for the sake of Empire and said the Fascist policy of separation' would be carried out. Trieste has the highest propor tion of Jews of any Italian city 5,000 in its 250,000 population.

Of these, 1,500 are Jews who have settled in Italy since the World War and who, under a recent de' cree, must leave Italy within the next six months. Many Jews "vol untarily were absent from Trieste during Mussolini Turning from the Czech prob lem, II Duce told his cheering lis- teners of Italy's determination to hold Trieste which, before the World War was the Austro-Hun- garian empire's chief seaport. "Rome is here," he cried. "She Is here on your hills and on your seas! Here in centuries past and centuries to come with her laws, her arms and her king!" Mussolini, master showman, made a dramatic entry into the city. The destroyer Camicia Nera, which brought him from Venice, steamed at full speed, smoke streaming from her funnel, almost to the waterfront square where he spoke.

Mussolini, jumping ashore as the destroyer docked, walked di rectly to the high podium labeled with the letter in heroic, imperial style. The eight destroyers which es corted his warship lined up at the dock as a backdrop to the flag-draped square, steel flank against steel flank. Shore batteries boomed a 21-gun salute and the Camicia Nera answered. He climbed the Tribune, re ceived the deafening ovation of the crowd mostly in blackshirt uniforms and those of the Fascist women's organization and nlunged immediately into, his speech. "The solution to the problem which this moment agitates Europe," the Premier exclaimed, "has only one name: Plebiscites." II Duce demanded "Plebiscites for all nationalities which demand them, for all nationalities which were forced into what wished to be great Czechoslovakia and which today reveals its organic inconsistency." "But," he added, "there is something else to be said and it is that at a certain moment events become an avalanche and for that reason we must hurry if we want to avoid disorders and complications.

"The idea of making haste In solving the problems must have been shared by the 'British prime minister in leaving London for Munich as a flying messenger of peace since any delay does not hasten the solution but brings on a fatal collision. "This solution, despite the campaign of Moscow, is already penetrating the heart of' European peoples. We hope that in these last hours a peaceful solution is reached. "We wish also that if this is not possible the resulting conflict be limited and circumscribed but if this does not happen and a lineup of universal character is brought on for and against Prague let it be known that Italy's place is already chosen." The big square echoed cheers from 100,000 throats. Before mentioning Italy's "place," Mussolini had said: "That which I am about to tell you was dictated not only by the policy of the Rome-Berlin axis but also finds Its historic and present justification in th friend-(Continued on Page Two) Expected To Become New Commander Of American Legion (.

LOS ANGELES, Sept. 18. UPi-Stephen F. Chadwick, Seattle at-torney, today was assured election as national "commander 6f the American Legion when his two remaining opponents withdrew from the race. Mile J.

Warner of Toledo, Ohio, ad Raymond J. Kelly of Detroit withdrew after a closed session of leaders. Lynn U. Stambaugh of Fargo; N. withdrew Saturday, With Chadwick unopposed and Chicago apparently assured of the 1939 convention, the main fireworks seemed to have exploded while thousands of Legionnaires were still pouring into Los Angeles.

Warner, in announcing his withdrawal, said he was doing so "with the definite understanding my hat is in the ring next year." Warner and Kelly both praised Chadwick The convention officially opens Monday tor the tirst business session. Senator David I. Walsh, Massachusetts, chairman of the naval affairs committee, was listed as the principal speaker. He is an ardent advocate of a large Navy, one of the Legion's aims for many years. The official estimate placed more than 150,000 overseas-hatted visitors in town.

Tonight in the vast Hollywood Bowl the first official event in the crowded calendar took place. Religious and patriotic services were held. The bowl was crowded to capacity with many unable to find even foot space inside the natural amphitheater. The session was called to order by National Commander Daniel J. Doherty after a program of band and choral music.

Lights were dimmed as the massed colors of the 58 departments were advanc- ed. As the assemblage stood in reverent silence, national chaplain, Rev. Frank J. Lawlor of fered the Invocation. BYFEDERALAGENTS Car Stolen From Women Is Found After Their Release HUDSON, Sept.

18. UP) Finding in St. Paul, of the automobile stolen from Mrs. C. J.

Reiter and her daughter by their abductors brought the Federal Bureau of Investigation into the case today. The car, apparently undamaged and with its contents unharmed, was found early today In a residential district of St. Paul by police. Mr. Reiter, publisher of the Hudson Star-Observer, went to St.

Paul and drove the car back here Agents of the FBI entered the investigation because of the violation of the national motor vehicle act in taking the machine across a State line. Mrs. Reiter and her daughter, 19-year-old Julieann, were at their home today, recovering from their experience. Confronted by three men as they returned from downtown Hudson Saturday night, the women were forced back into the car and driven about for half nn hour before being taken from the car and left by the roadside, tied with picture wire. Julieann, a student at the' University of Minnesota, expected to return to school Monday.

Three Men Killed In Georgia Accident SYLVESTER, Ga Sept. 18. Iff) Three men were killed and two were injured as the car in which they were riding left the road and turned over on a curve of the Sylvester-Moultrie Highway several miles south of here today. 1 State Troopers identified the dead as Nick Lewis, 50, Albany; Johnny Johnson, 35, Arlington and Winton Saunders, 19, also of Arlington. Billy Lewis, 21-year old son of the dead man, and Jim Holley Daniels, 17-year old Arlington resident, escaped with minor injuries.

GREECE FEELS TEMBLOR ATHENS, Greece, Sept. 18. UP) A severe earth tremor was felt here today but no casualty nor damage was reported. A high wind accompanied the shock, believed centered neap the Chalkls Straits, 40 miles northeast of here. BECOMES CANDIDATE BROWNSTOWN, Sept.

18. UP) Charles Morris, Salem publisher and a member of the State Board of Agriculture, has been named Democratic candidate for State Senator from Jackson, Scott and Washington Counties. A CLEAR RACK German Arms Used To Shoot Customs Men; Czechs Hold. Fire PRAGUE, Sept. 18.

Of) Two Czechoslovak i ci a 1 wero wounded today in a raid on a customs station near the German frontier by an armed band which, the government said, included "more than 100 men in civilian dress who came from Germany." Premier Milan Hodza was informed of the attack before he broadcast a declaration that Czechoslovakia would not submit to a plebiscite to determine the future, of the Sudeten German area. The government report was that' the customs house, near Asch in the heart of troubled Sudetenlanrl, was surrounded shortly after midnight. It said hand grenades were hurled through the building's windows and it was peppered with pistol and rifle shots. The Czechoslovak staff in the customs house, it said, did not return the fire, fearing that bullets might cross the international frontier into Germany. Instead, the Czechoslovaks were said to have shot up rockets which lighted the countryside and attracted' the attention of a patrol of gendarmes in the vicinity.

As the gendarmes approached, the government reported, the attackers fled across the border. It said an examination of bullets taken from the walls of the customs station proved that they were of German manufacture. The nation otherwise was quiet and at least superficially normal as the government began using the sweeping authority accorded it under the state of emergency a nation-wide form of martial law declared by, the Cabinet Satut-day night. Hodza, in his broadcast to the world, said Czechoslovakia would hold firmly to her postion and would not relax martial law long as the nation was menaced. The Sudeten Germans had demanded revocation of martial law, decreed previously in 16 Sudeten areas, as an essential condition for renewing discussions.

"But we can make no such concession," the premier said. "By imposing extraordinary security measures the government merely was doing its first duty preserving order and protecting its citizens. "That is the government's first job." Speaking in the Czech language, his voice tense, the premier declared the republic faced the most severe test in its history, He said, however, except for elements-aroused and misled foreign propaganda, its government, peo-(Continued on Page Two)" The Weather 'By The Associated Prea' FORECAST Florida: Local showers today and MARINE FORECAST Hatteras to Jacksonville: Moderate winds mostly southeast and south and partly overcast weather today with scattered showers near the coast. Jacksonville to Florida Straits: Moderate southeast winds over North and moderate northeast to southeast winds over South portion, Increasing In the Bahamas In afternoon, and partly overcast weather today with scattered showers. East Gulf: Light to "moderate var.

lable winds and partly oveflast weather today with local showers. Western Caribbean: Light winds, mostly easterly and partly overcast weather today, scattered showers over Southwest portion. Wf.ATHKB TABLE Station Highest Lowest 58 54 56 66 64 56 52 54 52 58 56 64 48 60 60 72 44 72 48 76 62 64 58 52 62 74 40 74 74 60 72 52 60 60 52 64 54 72 74 64 58 72 Alpena Ashevllle Atlanta Atlantic City Birmingham Boston Buffalo Burlington Chicago Cincinnati Cleveland Dallas Denver Detroit El Paso Galveston Havre Jacksonville Kansas City Key West Little Rock Los Angeles Louisville Memphis Meridian Miami Minn. -St. Paul Mobile New Orleans New York Norfolk Pittsburgh Portland Richmond St.

Louis San Antonio San Francisco Savannah Tampa Vleksburg Washington Wilmington 68 76 88 70 84 58 74 68 54 65 72 78 72 68 84 84 86 83 62 no 76 82 66 72 88 88 52 84 82 64 82 78 72 58 flfl 62 82 86 86 69 8'2 85 West Palm Reach 71 Rainfall (to 6 p. .25 Inch. Barometer (at midnight) 30.07. Prevailing wind, variable: highest. SE-15 (at 1:41 p.

lowest, S-3 ai 11:41 p. Sunrise 6:07 a. m. set 6:21 p. m.

Moonrlse 1:37 a. set 3:10 p. INLKT TIDES TODAY High, 4:52 a. m. and 5:27 p.

Low, 11:01 m. and 11:44 p. m. to promoting a peaceful solution of the Czechoslovak question. It added significantly that the "two governments hope that thereafter it will be possible to consider a more general settlement in the Interests of European peace." To informed observers the com' munlque indicated, however, that the two great European demoo racies had decided against fight tng to preserve the unity of Czechoslovakia as that country is now constituted.

Despite official secrecy thrown about the ministerial decisions it was reported in quarters usually to be relied upon that Britain and France would seek to induce the little republic to give over to Germany her -territory which is preponderantly German-populated. In return, this report said, Britain and France would propose that they together with Germany, Italy, Poland, Hungary and Ru mania give a seven-power guar antee against violation, to new boundaries of the nation' of the Czechs and Slovaks. This report said that CzechO' Slovakia by this proposal would cancel her defensive alliances with Russia and France in exchange for the seven-power guarantee. The Czech-German conflict was not solved, however by the British' French agreement. Even if Hitler accepts the An glo-French terms it was uncertain if Czechoslovakia would make the concessions demanded even though refusal provoked; a Nazi invasion.

The Czechoslovak government warned Britain and France as their ministers met today that it could accept in advance no responsibility for an agreement to which it was not a party. The notice was given by the Czech minister to London, Jan Masaryk. At the same time her premier, Milan Hodza, in a speech broad cast at Prague, voiced determina' tion to "defend what is ours." A plebiscite, which, it was generally conceded, would result in the Sudetans themselves into Germany, would not be accept' able, he made plain. However, the British Cabinet was called to meet at 11 a. m.

to day to approve the Anglo-French agreement and Daladier and Bonnet prepared to fly back to Paris at 8:15 a. m. to lay it before their ministerial colleagues. Chamberlain, who flew to see Hitler last Thursday and who ao quainted the French ministers with the German chancellor's terms for the first time today, is expected to take back to the Reichsfuehrer the Anglo-French proposals at once, probably Tuesday. They will meet at Godes- berg, near Cologne.

Meanwhile, it is understood, Czechoslovakia will be asked today through Sir Basil Cochrane- Newton, the British ambassador in Prague, to accept the Anglo-French terms in the interest of European peace. But, with her army largely mobilized and a large section 'of her population against any concessions there" was grave doubt that she would make the sacri fices asked. The Czechs contend they already have made enough concessions to settle the Sudeten question in a reasonable way. There also was the question of the public reaction to the plan in France and Britain. Such reaction was uncertain until the full extent of the agreement became public.

Involved in the French decision to go along with the British was the fate of the French system of safeguarding alliances which she has built up in- Europe in the last 20 years. One of her key alliances was with Chechoslovakia in Central Europe. It was understood the French ministers had a lengthy and heated discussion with their experts during the dinner adjournment on whether to support the British views. They placed several calls to Paris to discuss the weighty problem with other Cabinet members and experts. As a result they were 45 minutes late for the after-dinner conference.

The British ministers in their long and arduous deliberations had the advice of Viscount Runciman, the British mediator in Prague, and his assistant, Frank Ashton-Gwatkin, who returned from on PagaTwo), TO ENDJROUBLE Wants Powers To Hurry And Turn Over Foreign Lands To It LONDON, Sept. 18. UP) The London Daily Mail tonight quoted Adolf Hitler as telling an inter viewer that "this Czech trouble has got to be ended once and for all and ended now." The interview, by G. Ward Price, was published under a Berchtes- gaden, Germany, date line. Price has been given access frequently to Hitler and Premier Mussolini for interviews.

"The Czechs say they can not hold a plebiscite because such a measure is not provided for in their constitution," the Daily Mail quoted Hitler. "To me, their constitution seems to, provide for one thing only which is that 7,000,000 shall oppress 8,000,000 of minority peoples." Asked his impression of Prime Minister Chamberlain's flying visit to Berchtesgaden last Thursday, the Daily Mail said Hitler replied: "I am convinced of Mr. Chamberlain's sincerity and goodwill." The newspaper said Hitler described the Czechoslovak-Sudeten German situation as "a tumor which has got to be ended once and for all, and ended now." "It is a tumor which is poisoning the whole European organism." he was quoted as saying. "If it were allowed to go on it would infest international relations until they broke down in fatal collapse." "This condition has lasted for 20 years. No one can calculate what it has cost the peoples of Europe in that time.

"It was the existence of Czechoslovakia as an ally of Soviet Russia, thrust forward into the very heart of Germany, that forced me to create a great German air force. "That in turn led to France and Britain increasing their own air fleets. "I have doubled the German air fleet once already because of the situation now prevailing In Czechoslovakia. If- we fail to settle the crisis now, Field Marshal Goering (Hermann Wilhelm Goering, No. 2 Nazi) would be asking me to order it doubled again and the British and French would redouble and so the mad race would go on.

"Do you think I like being obliged to stop with my great building and development schemes all over the country in order to send 500,000 German workmen to construct at top speed a huge sys tem of defense works along our western frontier? would rather they could be employed in constructing workers' settlements, splendid motor roads, new schools and public welfare institutions than in raising unproductive fortifications. "But while Czech oppression of the German minority keeps Europe at fever heat I have to be ready for whatever may come. I have studied the Maginot line '(France's fortifications on the German frontier) and learned much from it. But we have built something according to our own ideas which is better still and which will stand against any force in the world, if in the event of our being attacked, we chose to remain on the defensive. "All this is madness, for no one in Germany dreams of attacking France.

'We harbor no resentment against France; on the contrary, there is a strong feeling of sympathy in Germany towards her. Nor does any German want war with Britain cither." 'Herf Gott!" the newspaper said Hitler exclaimed, raising his voice to an indignant shout, "what couldn't I do in Germany and for Germany if it were not for this infernal Czech tyranny over a few million Germans? But it must stop. Stop it shall." REICH ANXIOUS Some thoughts on the Tydings victory in Maryland: The size of the vote would indicate yet another State's resentment at Federal interference with the local right of the citizens to select whomsoever they please for the jobs. The issue was so clearly drawn on the basis that a "vote for Tydings would be a vote against Roosevelt," that the result is yet another State's personal rebuke to President Roosevelt for trying to inflict his desires on local constituents, under duress of threats and the lure of bribes of public moneys. Mr.

Roosevelt's sole achievement in the Maryland election was to ruin a perfectly good, useful, statesmanlike Congressman Dav-ey Lewis had a good record in the House. He sponsored many useful pieces of legislation. In his effort to "get" Tydings, Roosevelt and his "elimination committee" simply used Lewis for their own ends. They. lost the gamble.

In addition, the man they used was snowed under and his services in the House 'lost to his constituents. The people of Maryland did not vote against Davey Lewis because they disliked him. They voted to inform Mr. Roosevelt to mind his own business. Lewis was simply the unhappy victim.

Roosevelt has contended time and again that the people are not behind those legislators who vote against the New Deal. Tydings voted against 70 per cent of the New Deal legislation. In his campaign he explained to the voters of his State the reasons for each of his votes on major legislation. Still they renominated him. What answer has Mr.

Roosevelt for that? Three years, or even two years ago, if Roosevelt had walked Into Maryland and suggested, "My friends, I would like you to vote for So-and-So," it is not improbable that he would have had his way. What has happened since is simply a great many people have found their idol is only another politician, a little slicker than most, equipped with a soothing voice and a limitless supply of sophistry. The average American citizen thoroughly understood that Big Business, for a decade, had things pretty well much its own way. Hp understood well enough that Bip (Continued on Page Three).

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