The Humboldt Independent from Humboldt, Iowa on April 7, 1942 · Page 6
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The Humboldt Independent from Humboldt, Iowa · Page 6

Humboldt, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, April 7, 1942
Page 6
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_TmttttMBOt.Df | SCHOOL NOTES fedlter—Cecelia Bradley. Asst, Editor—Shirley Kerbef. Those absent this week were: Blefcnor jaHssen, Ma*el Brown- JlSld, Willum ttelfericb, Shirley Kerker and Dorothy Srownfleld. The Business Mathematic class are working review problems. There are still some problems that are dlfflcttt. It looks like the English class are learning eymbols. There Is always four or five pupils up to the board every day exchanging work. The Algebra class are solving problems of literal equations. If D-iO equals the numerator, then what Is the Denominator. Everyone was supposed to have ft book report In by Wednesday, it seems as though some of them "forgot about It. The number of DOoJt reports In didn't equal the fltimber of pupils. 1 The manual training boys are really going to have their farms freed up. At present they are mak- Ittg gates to help hold the stock In the fields. The six weeks tests have been taken. We all hope tor good re- sults. The Juniors received their prero lums last week for ordering their rings this year. The boys got be) buckles and the girls got a neck lace. The Seniors have changed their play from "Hero Comes Charlie" to "Don't Darken My Door." A couple of the boys arc being treated like babies. They had to write "I will mind my teacher" 25 times. If they only knew shoi'tham at. titut moment anyway. . Primary llooin News We had a dolly show Thursday. Ench girl brought her dojls. Our room plans to present a little play entitled "The Dolly Show" at. the next P. T. A. meeting. We had an Easter egg hunt, out In the school yard Thursday afternoon, llobert, Loretta and Evelyn found the most eggs, Kvelyn F., Terry T., Marllee A., and Karen Mae F., were our visitors. M|FH Olsen, the county nurse, was a caller In our room Thursday. We did not have school Good Friday. of the rations. With to* protein roughages such can timothy, *ud*ft grass, oat hay or corn or cane fod* der, the amount of flfdtein should be Increased to 400 pounds, Johnston says. The soybean ollmeal may be replaced by equal amounts of Un- seed meal, cottonseed meal or corn gluten meal. Price Is the factor controlling these substitutions, he points out. Guard Rails Save Pigs ITEMS OF INTEREST TO THE FARMERS \ SEEDING FAILURE MUST BE AVOIDED Because of high-priced seed and the fact that we must make every acre produce to the limit this year •we must take all precautions «gainst failure of grass and legume seedlngs, urges E. S. Dyas, extension agronomist at Iowa State College. Seed a crop that Is adapted to the 'kind of soil where it Is sown, Dyas recommends, or make soil treatments which will insure a crop. .Alfalfa and sweet clover do not survive on distinctly acid soils, and It lime cannot be applied G to 12 /months ahead of the seeding, It •would probably be advisable to •choose crops that are tolerant to Acidity. Aeld Soil—Grass ,If soils are only slightly acid, red ' clover and alsike should bo used Instead' of sweet clover or alfalfa. The grasses are not sensitive to acidity although some of them— Kentucky bluegrass, for instance— likes a neutral rather than an acid soil, Dyas points out. Nealy all legumes, most particularly alfalfa and red clover, are more sure to succeed where the supply of phosphate Is ample. Many of our Iowa soils need applications of commercial phosphate ^fertiliser to guard against losses of seedlngs and produce best re- Include a good quality legume hny Feed 1 pound of grain a day to each 3 pounds of milk produced bj a Guernsey or Jersey and 1 pound to each <1 pounds produced by Hoi s-telns and other larger breeds. CAN FEED WHEAT INSTEAD OF CORN ^ Use the best known strains of leeed. Where bacterial wilt Is known • ; to be present, Ladak and Cossack •re recommended varieties of al- telfa. If wilt is not a factor Grimm _;or northern grown common are , : suitable. ', Aigv«tliu> Alfalfa Last fall and winter at least a ' half million pounds of alfalfa seed was imported from Argentina—this need in not recommended In Iowa. Millions of pounds of bromesrnss seed have been imported from Canada during the last several years In spite of the fact that domestic strains are more productive. Iowa certified bromo seed is best. All legume seeds should be inoculated with proper kind of bacteria unless it Is known for sure that the right kind of bacteria «r« already In the soil. Seed Karl} Clovers, alfalfa, bromegrass, timothy, bluegrass p.nd rape should be seeded early. The soil temperatures and ample moisture in early spring are ideal for stands. Dyas alao recommends Hue of enough seed of high germination and purity; a. well-prepared seedbed and use of a short-struwed, early maturing nurse crop. The nurse crop seeding should be cut to half the normal seeding. Weeds should be clipped, particularly pigeon grass and foxtail, after the nurse crop is removed, Dyas advises. Wheat at SB cents per-bushel i; a good buy to replace either corn oats or middlings in the hog ration according to B ,L. Qualfo, extension swine specialist at Iowa State College. Wheat, when ground, is worth 5 to 10 percent more than corn pound for pound. On this basis, whenever corn costs 75 cents per bushel, wheat may replace a part or all of it and as far as oats arc concerned, wheat could well replace all oats in the hog ration, Quaife states.. At $6 cents per bushel, wheat costs $28.tiG per ton; corn nt 75 cents per bushel Is $20.75 per ton ind outs at 50 cents would cost J31.25 per ton, Quaife points out. Dn the basis of analysis, wheat con- lains a total of 13.5 percent protein and 83.6 pounds of digestible nutrients per 100 pounds. Corn contains 9.2 per cent protein and 79 pounds digestible nutrients, while oats contain 12 percent protein and 71.5 pounds digestible nutrients. For nursing sows and for young pigs, the Purdue Experiment Station • recommends a mixture of 7 parts ground corn, 2 parts ground wheat and 1 part takage. Iowa feeders will probably find it better to use one part of a supplement mixture composed of 40 pounds tankage, 40 pounds soybean ollmeul and 20 pounds of ground alfalfa in place of the straight tankage. If the Perdue mixture is used, the pigs and sows should have access to a good quality alfalfa hay. To get away from grinding corn, However, it would be just us well to self-feed shelled com, ground wheat and protein supplement all separately. The only advantage of mixiiiK the grain* together is that the amount of wheat might be controlled in case of a price change. WHEATFORwiRY COWS RECOMMENDED BY STATE COLLEGE CORNSTALKS HAVE A FERTILE VALUE One of the most destructive and wasteful habits of many Iowa farmers is the burning of crop residues on farm fields—cornstalks, straw piles, straw huts, soybean straw- according to E. U. Duncan, extension arsonomlst nt Iowa State College. Roughly the cornstalks on an acre of ground can be valued at approximately $6.20, while oat or soybean straw is worth approxl- nateiy $3.75 per acre* Duncan points out. While these figures are inly approximate, they do Indicate he potential value of some of our rop residues that are often b::rn- u to save rt little time and effort, he says. Organic Matter Lost liesldes the fertilizing value, the loss of organic matter through burning Is even more Important for consideration. A monetary value cannot be put on organic matter, but It does greatly Increase the water-holding capacity of a soli as well as Improve the soil structure, thus faclllnting early working and tends to cut down soil erosion. Even though the mineral nutrients such us phosphorus and potassium are not lost In burning windrows and not uniformly spread out over the field. Ncnrly every man who lir.a over burned cornstalks has noticed the beautiful green growth of small grain on the site of burned windrows. CONSTEUCTION • DETAILS- O5uAeo-BAILS-FOP- FABEOWIMCI' PENS- .«*<• !£ J> *_— J "-••- ™ ,' J - •---.-- . ........... J "e^"*"° 4 «« ST " • -.£•*«• STut I I I '£&•*'*•[ *"•"•* .T^y.-lJ~ .11.7.'.I'! 1 :. 1 .) T6t-MAILW£*JJ —— >.y i ..1 "-weopn-Soa •3ecTtoM 3toe WAUL• WALL- • CORN CB-DETAIL: THREE MEALS A DAY RECOMMENDATIONS; MISS RUTH CESSNA rSreakfnst-- Cereal with bananas Sausages Toast -.uncheon or Supper— Hot or cold potato salad and wiener. Spoon bread Fruit Milk )lnner— Ilice cooked In milk Oravy Buttered string beans Carrot strips and young green Onions Cherry pudding Beverage Rico for dinner today—rice Is nn of those foods I substitute for otatoes now and then—especially luce potatoes are up fil percent i the last year. It you've bought any rice, how- vor, you'll know the price of that s well over last year's price, too— 1 percent higher In fact. You've robnbly thought It was because Installing guard rails In farrow- Ing pn-is should be given serious consideration in an effort to cut the loss of little piga to a minimum tbl.s year. County Agent Powell points out that most of the losses of pigs occur before they are weaned. The crushing of pigs by sows against the walls of the pens accounts for a large part of this loss. Some sows are Just naturally clumsy and • ars not careful -with their piga. They all need aid that can be given them. If the pens are small the loss may be greater than In larger pens. The guard rail constitutes one of the most helpful factors in saving more of the pigs. The rail provides a protection area around the side walls of the nest and the sow can not lie flush to the walls. rice came from China and Japan and that shipping space was scarce. While we actually got our best quality rice from the Far East, we do grow more rice here In the United States than we consume— in fact, we have exported rice. Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas and California are the rice-producing states. And Ihe south Is Increasing production of rice just as we're Increasing pork, eggs and gardens. Itlce is being used extensively In the army, and our export customers want more of our American rice because the Far Knst supplies tire cut off. This explains why lie price of rice ia up. It's a good "main-energy" fooc o use for dinner or supper occns tonally, however, nut rice cannot replace our "potato-u-day" requirement since It docs not contain the food elements of potatoes othei than the carbohydrate. FARM KERNELS Flax has been found to do poorly following sugar beets. It takes about 10V4 quarts of average-rich milk to make a pound of butter. About 117 billion pounds of milk were produced In the United States last year. Sodium chlorate is an efficient weed-killer but Is not toxic enough to soil bacteria to be used as a fungicide. Ladlno clover Is a giant strain of white clover which has achlev- j cd Its greatest success in the Irrigated sections of Northwestern Ktates. War will soon reach into the Iowa kitchen by cutting the available sugar supply by an estimated one-third. Hut still, we will have more sugar per person than most Europeans used in pre-war days. Iowa farmers who wish to make every acre as productive as possible, will plan now to get seed of the new, disease-resistant oat varieties to plant in 1943, oven though everyone cannot get seed of these varieties for the 1942 crop. There'll be more spinach to eat this year, according to present crop reports. Reports fro'm spinach can- uers in California and Texas Indicate a total 1942 production for the two states of 55,270 tons. This compares with 29,000 tons In 1941. Since the winter of 1842-43 there have been 23 "test winters" — the kind which cause more or less damage to horticultural plants in Iowa. The frequency of these winters emphasizes the need for using hardy stock and top-working to desire apple varieties. It is Important In pasturing swee clover that It not be allowed to ge too rank and unpalatable. Some farmers use a mower set 810 Inches high and clip their sweet clovei when they haven't sufficient stock to keep It down. The clipping should be done high, since sweei clove/ starts new growth from aide branches and has no crown as does alfalfa. The production of many Iowa TOKEEP GUNS, PLANES; TANKS IN ACTION o Good Dairyman Feeds Cows as Individuals Guessing at the amount of feed for dairy cows by pouring It from a basket or scoop shovel cheats some cows and overfeeds others, says Floyd Arnold, extension dairyman at Iowa State College. Arnold reminds farmers that it Is only possible to feed a group of cows economically when they are fed as individuals and, not as a, herd. A too common practice, even in otherwise well managed herds, is for all animals to be fed the same amount of grain, regardless of the time they have been in milk or the quantity of milk which individual cows are producing. Such feeding lacks economy, because the high-producing cow does BQt get «BQi|sii, and w&ile 8 jie may milk very well tor a short time, she soofl fails Aogrg to ths tower lev*}. QA tfcp viiw bajg, the " " ler cr-^fepfieacf w£sy Foiled or coarsley ground wheat can be fed to milk cows in pluce of either corn or oats, but. because i of its almost identical nutritive val- I ue to corn it replaces ihat grain , better than naln. according to Floyd ' Johnston, extension dairy husbandman at Iowa State College. With wheat now available through the Commodity Credit Corporation at approximately 88 cents per bushel on the railroad sidings in Iowa, and with a shortage of com in some sections of the state, there has been considerable Interest lu feeding wheat to dairy cows, Johnston explains. Cows Like It Wheat is well liked by dairy cattle, but because of its gluten content it may become pasty unless ra ,l*ed with other feeds. Wheat is «-. nutritive values and [ protein than oats. When wheat can be purchased at approximately the same price per pound it can be used in the dairy ration in place of corn and Is a good substitute for oats. The following grain mixtures can be fed with a good quality legume hay, such as alfalfa, soybean or clover: No. 1—300 pounds each of cracked wheat, corn and cob meal, ground oats and 100 pounds of soybean ollmeal. No. 2—300 pounds cracked wheat, SOO pounds corn and 100 pounds soybean oilmeal. NO. 3—300 pounds cracked wheat, 490 pounds corn and cob meal, 800 pound* ground oats and 100 ' 98JB ollmeal. ?I*Wi i—{50 poj)sd* each of fa J^Hadf** *** c °* * 98i *** jwujuds of each cr«*>. _ _ _ _J fraud PAti, piwi [milnHa envtmnn ,-)Un l\, ' ig'-is'^Big ffSJ3f T» T?P rf*» fefty, .-?Q help keep the planes 944 tajiks pf the Vni$ed m^m at the highest pos- flgbtjpg efficiency,. Qe r? has fcmjchwi a new vital war training 8B d £eM pastures la reduced every year by being gfa*ed Wo heavily before the new growth has become well an tablished. rr /ICTOHY ONTHI FARM FRONT NEWS from county Conditions Ideal for Tree Planting (% C. G. Powell) Conditions are Ideal for tree planting this spring since there Is Plenty of moisture In the ground. Many homes In every county need additional shade trees or greater windbreak protection. Many trees are poor varieties and have suffered a great deal of damage during •ecent years. I recommend these native varie- les for shade tree plantings: American elm, hard or black maple, hackberry, green ash, linden or Imsawood, and oaks—white, red or pin oak. Chinese elm, poplar, soft maple, box elder, calaipa, and mulberry are not recommended because they are brittle, break badly, and are short-lived. They are, however, fast growing. The Iowa State Department of Conservation reports that many young seedlings suitable for wind- breaks may still be attained at nominal prices for windbreak purposes. Further details may be secured from Paul Leaverton of Humboldt, local Conservation Commissioner. Plans for planting new windbreaks may be attained at the County Farm Bureau office. LADIES FINISH FOURTH PHASE (By Myrtle Hewitt) The Home Demonstration agent for this county, has just recently finished the fourth phase of the Home Project course In the county, "Farm Family and the World Today." The last lesson was the study of the situations with which the farm family finds Itself confronted. This year the problems of farm families loom larger than ever before. The purpose of these lesson discussions is to help the farm families of Iowa realize the critical situation of the world today, ind to help families take their responsibilities as citizens In a threa- ened democracy. Also to help the 'amlly make wiser decisions by onktng at Its own situation in the emergency both as a producer and a consumer, and at the same time keep In mind the welfare of the nation as a whole. The discussion based on their home records is a help with financial problems. The farm people will aim to produce 7% more raw milk, 9% more » Tuesday, Apfi 17.1! ^^^^^^^•••••••I^MMMliliiBMMMMpMfc eggs, 12% more pork, 12% ml cattle and 10% more poultry, ffl women will se that the famiil have adequate dally diets, whit will help the family members . keep well. The farm women ail aim to Imprev the quality of fotf. they cook as well as storing aril! canning the year's supply. | They realize they will have tL buy foods carefully, and know lal bels and weights as well as cosff per ounce. They will urge everyt member of the family to have heaUf th examinations each year, and to/ provide community health programs. Immut.ikeiUon against, smallpox, dlphthe.'fa and typhoid are more Important than ever. Their problems concerning clothing for the family will mean a special study in the new textiles on the market, and no doubt more homemade clothes will be necessary due to higher retail prices and the poor workmanship and quality of some of the commercially purchased clothes. The Ladles discussed quite fully the farm labor shortage and are making plans ahead to solve their own labor problems by having smaller children in the home assume the responsibility in housework, perhaps leaving mother free to work outside If necessary. Rural people will aim to help not only in the Increased production If necessary foods to help win the war but will try to build for continued good morale which Is just as necessary as the increase in food production. YOUR MILITARY MM writ y ou o ften When he receives this beautiful, unusual stationery. Engraved with II the gold insignia of his own branch of service, either Army. Navy, II Marine Corps or Air Corps, on Hanunermill Bond stationery. 11 A practical gift that reflects the thoughtfulness of the giver — the 11 answer for that useful gift. * : * 50 sheets Hanunermill Bond. •Ize 7 1 /4xlO'/j, and envelopes to match, Cora* In and look at our complete line of engraved stationery. JAQUA PRINTING CO. Humboldt, Iowa THIS SPRING THURS., APRIL 9,1942 Fair Grounds, Humboldt, Iowa Thursday will be the last sale at the sale barn this spring. We appreciate the patronage we have received at our sales this year. We will open the barn this fall and will give you the same good sales'which we have been giving you, Col well Bros* Operators

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