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10 THE DAILY TBIBTHO3: SALT 9 MAKGH 26, 1893, WOJRTH A GUINBA A BOX." LONELY AMID STORMY SEAS, Saghalicn, llio Prospedivo Home of Convict AN ISLE WHENCE ESCAPE IS IMPOSSIBLE. That Prosajce Mora Treatment of i'olltioal and Other the Inlanders Live of the Aboriginal Ilftoc. iCopyriKht. 1893, by fc Johnson.1 Is it possible that tho public opinion of the rutaido world, especially of America, should bo ox-orclslnK any influence on tho of tho CxarV I (jtio'ry called forth by certain unmistakable signs of tho last fow woolra, as tbo tone of loading Russian newspapers with roforerico to Russia'B Hharo In tho groat American navul display, tho publication in an American magazine of a somi-ofliclal document, signed by a Russian nUavhc i.Vr*'inbai)Hadc, and above all tho proposed trarmfor of convicts from tho Russian and Siberian prisons tb tho Island of Waghallen, now discussion tho Imperial Council. It is tho latter project that concerns us for Iho present, it in poi- alble that tho ropeatod exposures In 1 "American press of Russian prison It- rule him at last found an echo in i Government halls, ftnd that tho horrors of tho mlno.and fltookado may yield at no distant Jay to tho milder form of punishment known as ponal colonization so successfully employed by France.
American readers who havo ooon sur- with moro or less oxaggoratod support Mmmnplvos as best they can. Tho first batch of convicts arrived in 1809 woro detailed to work the new: ly discoverc-d coal rninos at Dava. Sinai! parties'of thoao unfortunates followed during tho suocoadlng years. In 1879 a batch of GOO criminals the worst description woro 'landed from one of tho Htoamora of tho so-callod dolsrovolriy Jiott (fleet of volunteer cruisers) plying between Odessa and Saghalion. So large an addition to tho penal settlement naturally gave rise to tho necessity of organizing a regular administration, and in 1884 the home Government appointed Governor with a full staff of assistants, consisting of a Medical Director, au Inspector of Agriculture, an Engineer, an Architect, a Surveyor and a States Attorney.
To the Governor wore given extensive powers, and In order that an ofFectivo supervision might be exercised ovor tho land it was divided into throo administrative districts. MAKCJI.1NO TO BANISHMENT. Convicts Intended for deportation are usually concentrated at Moscow or Kharkov, and from thoro convoyed to A Churcli. Entrance to the Doursky Coal, Mine. of tho Siberian oxilo system may hot bo gonorally aware that for many yoara tho inland of Saghalion on tho Pacific coast of Siberia has received a certain number of deported convicts, thus occupying hi a in ensure tho naino relation to tho mother country that New Caledonia does tu Franco.
Should tho proposed law bo onactod hor Importance will Increase tenfold, and tho writer therefore fools that a fow details on tho Bubjnc.t as gioanod from tho report of a St. l-'otoraburg journalist, a very recent visitor to tho Inland, may bo found Interesting. Tho accompanying illustrations from photographs taken during tho samo Tho island of Saghalion stretches It- In a parallel linn t.o Uio coast of Eastern Siberia, It was first occupied In 18, just prior to tho Crimean wnr, by Admiral Novols'ky, acting undor instructions from tho celebrated Governor of Eastern Siberia, General Mtiravloff- Amuraky, Tho first post established thf3ro received tho lattor'a narno. Tlifi northern extremity of tho Island lies opposite tho mouth of tho Amur rivur. Its contor is intersected by tho fiftieth parallel of northern latitude and Its southern ond roaches tho forty-fifth.
Tho Island ia narrow and Irregular In shape, fiOO miles loug, with an average width of sixty ini'loa, being seventeen jnlios at Its narrowost part and at its broadest. On tho oast Saghalloir la bounded by tho Soa of Okhotsk and on the southwest by tho Sua of Japan. It, on tho Black Sea. There they undergo a thorough medical examination, and only such aa aro In perfect health and aro ablo to stand tho long sea journey uro allowed to board tho atoamor. 'ncidontally I may Bay that It foil to my Jot a fow months after tho close of tho Russo-Tiirklsh war to witness tho departure from Odoasa of a batch of thoso poor wretches dostlnod to perpetual banishment for various crimes.
They wero about forty Ia number, for tho moat part men in tho prime of life and of the peasant class. Drnssod in thoir heavy shoubaa, for tho frosts had already sot in, thoy woro marched handcuffed in palra from tho city prison to tho wharf. A double file of infantry formed tho escort, and the procession moved onward, augmented evory moment by tho crowd of tho curious and idle that any unusual incident, merry or sombre, attracts. Among tho spectators woro many that had como from other out their social pleasures. One man, a desperate bandit from the heart of Lit- tlo Russia, died a year ago leaving many acres of fine pasture, land, a hundred head of cattle and five houses to his son arid daughter.
His sou is," being educated at Vlad.ivostok at Government expense, preparatory to being sent to tho St. Petersburg School of Mlnea. Saghalien Is now dotted all over with thriving villages. Somo contain 100 houses, loss than twenty. The largest of all, JiikofI, boasts 300 dwellings, a largo church, a flour ftnd sawmill and many workshops.
Like i inost of the viliagos, Rikoff Is situated on a river and Is constructed. Our Illustrations convey a good idea of the architocturo and general aspect of tho place. RATHER COSTLY. As may be imagined, the young colony Is a source of some expense to the mother country. The annual cost of transportation of tho convicts from Odessa to Saghalion via tho Suez Canal amounts to 250,000 roubles, and almost twico as much again is expended on tho necessary" agricultural implements, machinery and supplies.
The principal occupation of the settlors Is fishing, but the Government does all In its power to promote the agricultural interests of tho colony, and with this object in view has started two model farms. It also supplies settlors with seed free of cost, and sells thorn cattle at a very low figure In ordor to encourage stock-raising. Tho development of tho colony baa boen particularly rapid since 1890, when a grout many innovations wore introduced. I might mention the establishment of a meteorological station at Korsakovu, construction of highways and post houses and. the.
opening of several schools, so that at tho present day those number ton, with an attendance of llvo hundred children. A tolo- gnipb lino has recently been projected, and there is some question of spanning tho Island with a railroad. Saghalion, it will thus bo Been, is sufficiently developed from an Industrial and point of view to ro- colvo almost any addition to her con- PERILS OF THE GREAT DEEP. The Many Good Ships That Have Come Dome. Sever DERELICTS WANDERING OVER THE SEAS, The Missing for Swift Off Unstable Kocka That Como and Dangerous Stormy Oapes.
Group of Alnls, Natives of Saghalien. Typical Saghalien Settlement, in tho South of tho Is soparatocl by the furthermost northern lino of tbo Archipelago, YQSSO, by tho Straits of Laporouso, ami from tho Asiatic eoutlnont by tho Gulf of -Tartary, with minimum width of 11 vo FISH KOli FEUTILTZEBS. It wast probably this complete Isolation of tho Island that auKgosted it from tho start as an appropriate) spot for tho founding of a penal colony. When tho Kusslar.9 iirst uiado their appenranco thoro they found the country populated with a fow thousand nomada of the Mongolian race. These peoplu woro subdivided Into tribes known as Suchas, Alnia, Opotchens and Ton us.
Tho Ainls, according to high authority, belong to tho oldest inhabitants of Asia. They woro for thn most part fishermen, but many gave up this vocation soon after tho arrival of thoir new masters, to turn to agricultural pursuits. They aro now proficient raising garden vegetables, especially potatoes. The Ghelaka aro export hunters but also ilshermon. Their skill in handling their frail craft on tho angry sons around tho island has often awakened admira- lion, and on shore they show equal audacity in chasing thoir prey amid tho crags, rocks and fastnesses.
Besides tho native tribes tho Russians found large population of Japanese, the majority of whom were flshermfin that only remained on the island during the fishing season. To this day they leave their camps and outfits in chjiruo of 'the nativec on returning to Japan. There are two permanent Japanese settlements on tho southern cotst, at one of which a fertilizer is manufactured from sea which are caught in enormous quantities in that region. population of tho Island, in addition to its natural increase, owes its rapid growth since 1853 to tho arrival of deported criminal's of various grades, tbo expiration of their terms at hard labor, are permitted to settle and motives than morbl'd sweothoar.ts and wives the condemned, men, look, or a tho opportunity offered. steadily forward nearer to tho guard, pushing through tho ranks of hooting urchins and chattering loafers, insensible to rough shovos and curses that their persistency evoked, conscious only of thoir dogged purpose to win recognition from one pair of.eyos whoso glance would moot theirs again nevermore! I turned my attention to tho prisoners themselves.
Many of thorn with countenances by crime walked with atolid indifference to thoir others cast furtive glances to loft and right as if aoeklng a friendly face. As 1 scanned more closely those manacled couples I noticed that not all bore tho semblance of common thlovoa or murderers, but KOino word of a higher political prisoners, students, who, lurqd by the fascinating mysteries of nihilism, had In a rash moment sacrificed themselves on its altar. But now tho procession had reached tho wharf, and a halt was called prior to the boarding of tho vessel, tho programme being to formally liand tho prisoners over to tho captain. By this time tho ojxclto- tnont of tho crowd had reached a high pitch, which was still more increased by tho appearance on tho acono of two priests, who desired to exhort tho con- vlots. Just then several women, frenzied past- reasoiu broke through tho guard and with loud cries of woo om- bracorl their departing friends, Tho tumult threatened soon to develop into a riot, and the danger was only averted by tho prompt action of tho ship's captain, who called down a body of marinoo to aid tho infantrymen in driving away tho intruders.
Tho prisoners after this hastily embarked and secured In the hold, whoro they remained until the vessel's I afterward learned that of the prisoners, whose aristocratic bearing had especially impressed me, wore tho sons of a Russian general killed during tho recent hostilities, and sentenced to a term of twenty years for spreading nihilistic doctrines among the troops stationed at ICishinoff. Ono of thorn jumped overboard during tho voyage In tho "Gulf of Aden;" tho othor on reaching yaghallon struck a guard and wtva shot dead, IMUViLEGKS ALLOWED. For tho past few years the number of convicts deported to Saghalion has averaged 1000 per annum. They have' boon forwarded to their destination ia two batches of about 600 each. Prior to ISS-i only meu were deported; since then, however, also women and children, many convicts boing granted tho privilege of taking thoir families along with thorn.
The wisdom of this moas- uro has boon justified by the event, since it has laid the foundation to a. legitimate colonization thi.V island. The same now contains numbers of 'hardworking immigrant settlers besides the released convicts, who have been allowed to settle down as free men. A sontenco to deportation to Saghalien involves hard labor either lu tho coal bads or the public works. It 4s usually fqr life, but good behavior on tho convict's part always militates in his favor in the long run, and after a tor years, he" is allowed a certain amount of freedom.
Not a few of these released; convicts by dint of perseverance work have even acquired a fair competence. They own farms and land, and-whlls vict population. A few words may now be said regarding her physical aspect, climatic conditions and natural ro- The surface of the country is ragged- and broken, there being no-loss than five chains of mountains. Tho northern half of the island ia crossed by tho largest chain, which extends further down in two minor ridges along tho western and eastern shores. Along tho eastern coast on the south we find tho Siya Soosonay ridge, and on the southeastern promontory another ono ending In the rocky cliffs of $arstoko.
Tho separate peaks of these various chains do not exceed 3000 foot; tho average height is perhaps but 2000. The interior of the island is comparatively Hat land, and is intersected in center by the rivers Teemy and Porou, which have sources In the mountains bordering the seashore. Sand banks are only to bo found at the northern extremity of the island. Elsewhere tho mariner is greeted by frowning cliffs. Tho mineral" wealth of tho Island has not boen fully ascertained as yet, although coal, has been found in quantities, as, for instance, at Dava, mentioned above.
Soiiio'of the mlnos also contain gold, which has attracted many without, aa yot, creating a Croesus, In spite of Its oroximity to the ocean the climate is exceedingly severe, and winters in St. Petersburg. To this fact is due the. paucity of vogotatlou in all parts of tho island excepting those Immediately beneath tho shelter of the highlands. There, and in tho extreme south, forests of oak, maple and pine embellish landscape, tho island is rich in game, "and Is called by the Russians a hunters' paradise.
Boars, sables, squirrels, deer and hare are found in abundance; of amphibious boasts only water snakes, 'frogs and lizards abound. While the rivers are poor iu fish, tho coast affords a largo variety to tempt the sportsman. Tho sealing and whaling industries are fifty years old and have attained enormous proportions. Tho whaling lleet alone comprises 100 largo vessels, and its annual operations realize several millions of rubles. NO CHANCE OF ESCAPE.
The question may now be asked, How is the Russian convict to bo benefited by undergoing his sentence in far-off Sag- halien Instead of at home or in Siberia? In other words, will tho cause of humanity bo served by tho proposed change? I think I cau safely answer in tho affirmative. Even if the signs were wanting that the Russian Government has finally harkeued to the voice of the critics of its penal system and is entering upon an era of reform, tho very fact that, tho loathsome dungeons and fetid mines, of Siberia are to bo replaced by open air labor is of itself an immense stride forward. The hard lot of Russian prisoners hitherto, and more particularly their confined condition, has boen duo to the necessity of providing against escapes. No such necessity exists in Saghalion, thanks to her isolation. Tho stormy seas that washes her shores form an effectual barrier to all attempts at flight.
The convict there must feel that no personal effort of his could carry him thence, and in accepting his lot he seeks comfort In the thought that good behavior will eventually secure him full liberty within the confines of his island home and afford him a -chance to rehabilitate himself. As to the future'of tho colony, ono neod only point to Australia and Tasmania as an evidence of CITY, March 23,1893. It now seerna reasonably sure that tho "Naronic" must bo given a place in tho long list of missing Lhat have disappeared without leaving behind the least fragment to give a. hint of their fato. It would bo supposed that some of tho lighter parts of tho fittings or deck furniture of a largo Erst-class vessel would bo likely to drift ashore soinowhere and bo picked up and identified, but we'soldom hoar of anything of tho kind being discovered and recognized as having belonged to one of tho "missing" ships.
They seem always to go down somowhere in mid-ocean, at least that ia almost invariably tho itn- pres'sion that prevails when a ship is finally added to tho long and sad list of the "missing." If anything from those ships reu-chdi shore it is In lonely regions or after boing so worn and battered as to bo recognizable. 'Doubtless it is be'causo of no' trace boing left behind by these missing ships that thoro Is always a feeling Lhat they very suddenly went to tho suddenly as to suck down with them every person and thing on Long as is tho list of vessels that havo thus suddenly and mysteriously disappeared from the face of the ocean, tho wonder is that it is not much longer, when we consider tho thousand porila of ail tho great seas. Not only aro there storms to contend with, bub also tho danger of collisions with other vessels, of running into icebergs, or upon sunken' rocks and those drifting water-logged craft known as "derelicts," and which aro Hablo to find their way into tho tracks of the stoamor lines. These drifting abandoned hulks aro particularly dangerous, as in a fog they cannot bo seen in time to be avoided, or they may bo encountered in the darkness of night in a place where according to the chart all is plain sailing. In the North Atlantic there Is always more or loss danger from collisions, so numerous aro all.
manner of crafts. It has often been proposed that oubward- bound vessels should ono track and those homeward bound another, but in the eagerness of, all to make quick pas- sagos-it is difficult to bring about an understanding to which commanders of vessels will agreo to adhere. Maury outlined a scheme for.two steamship tracks as long ago as 1855, and in 187G tho advisability of compulsory outward and homeward tracks was considered by the North Transport Conference bald a. Liverpool. Tho subject was.
brought up In the International Maritime Conference hold at Washington in 1888-89, and, a resolution was adopted to the effect that during the spring and summer months fast passenger steamers should'follow a route loading clear of tho Grand Banks of Newfoundland, in order to avoid the fogs and ico in that locality, but it was found that there were 1 to 6 many difficulties iu tho way of enf orcing' tho compulsory uso of such route. In this locality there is groat danger 6f, collisions, as from March to November there are no fewer than six hundred vessels, of all nations, engaged in fishing on the Grand Banks. Many schooners' belonging in tho United Qtofna JQ winter, when "Sylvia" was sent to tho spot and after a search of six weeks failed to find a rock. Then H. M.
S. "Sturk" was soul. She found it thin throe hundred yards of whoro the "Sylvia" had lain at anchor while making her search, it had but fifteen foot cf on -it. This shows how difficult it, is to locate asunkonroelc even one on which two vessels had been lost. A rock lying twice ilftoon ffiot- beneath the surface is dangerous, as in tho time of a groat storm a vessel may down upon ft in a trough of sea, Such a rock wus reported in 1SS8 in a shallow place off tho coast of Newfoundland.
A vessel made search and reported that no such sunksn rock existed. Again tho existence of tiic rock: was aflinnfid when tho surveying vessel "truhiaro" was sent to look for it. i Patrick Lamb, a fisherman found near a rt in Norway. tho spot, finally consented to point out i barque the possibility of forming the nucleus of a substantial community from the class of humanity constituting a penal settlement. V.
GKIBAYKDOFF. tabooed by official society are hot wlth- Now Try This. It will cost7011 'nothing vrlZl turely good, if you A Cough. Coliil, or any trouble with Throat, Chest or Lungs. Dr.
King's DUoovery for Consumption, Coughs and Golds is guaranteed to giro relief, or money will oe Sufferers from Grippe found it just thing under its had and Trya sample -bottle at loam for yourself just good i thiugit ii. TrialV, at a. drug- 11,00. He Voted tho MVrong "You must, SmIthers; ''Every vote counis." doa said Jawkins. "r'l vote bne but coachman and gardener vpteth? other.
"'V: 1 States aro alsb" "tJhere they fish for halibut. Although it seemed impracticable to make the following of certain outward and homeward 'routes compulsory, the English steamship linos in November, 1891, agreed to follow certain tracks recommended bythe United States Pilot Chart. Since then the Gorman lines have also come into the arrangement with some slight -modifications. Although the ocean greyhounds thus guard against "butting heads" there remains to bo looked out for the slow steamers and tho many sailing vessels that aro liable to be tacking about quite regard- loss of ocean tracks, and some of the worst collisions we have had havo been between sailing vessels and steamers. PEEILS OF THE UNSTABLE LAND.
Considering the vast extent of tho seas and the almost innumerable shoals, rocks and reefs where abound it is wonderful that the charts contain such a number of thoso; still there are many uncharted rocks upon which vessels are lost most unexpectedly and in places was supposed to bo an open and almost fathomless sea. Sometimes, also, rocks and islands that aro marked oh the charts aro found to have disappeared. Strange as ib may appear the most stable thing on our planet is the water of the seas. Ib always maintains the same level, whereas tho land, supposed to bo so solid and immovable, is always shifting. In some places it is slowly rising and in others slowly sinking.
Besides these slow and almost imperceptible movements the earth is subject to violent convulsive throes resulting in startling upheavals or de- in. Tbo very sudden disturbances generally affect but a small area of the earth's crust, whereas the slow movements frequently embrace almost a whole continent. There are exceptions to this rule, however. In 1823. for instance, tho whole South American Coast for a distance of twelve hundred miles was elevated some three or four feet in a single-night; and in India, in 1819, an earthquake shock resulted in a large area of marsh and swamps known as the Ilunn of Cutch disappearing beneath the sea, while a district somo fifty miles north was permanently raised.
Earthquake shocks are constantly making changes, in -the reefs of volcanic rocks surrounding the Hawaiian Islands, Java, Iceland, and other similar volcanic regions. In the Mediterranean sea, near the island of Comiuo, the British man- of-war "Sultan" stranded on'a reef of there should have been ten fatiiomsVof water according to tho The reef had been elevated by volcanic action and stood in a much used waterway. In the moit fr.equontod- route in the Ked sea is what is called the ''Avo- cet'Vrpck. The British ship ''Ayocet" waS'Wrecked upon it and sunk. No rock be i "marked- on the char ts where the his doubt was thrown upon, his story.
To make sure vessel "Flying Fish" was sent Jopk for the rock; The captain this vessel Teported 104 fathoms of waiterJwhere the "Avocet" was gaid to have oeien but np trabe of rock vessel. Shortly same submerged The'; vrar-ship "Griffon" writ look if or the; the rock. It was found to bo sharp pinnacle of rock with tbirty-threo feet of water ovor it. It lay right in the track of vessels making the Gulf of Sc. Lawrence.
In cairn weather a vessel would pass over this rock, but, in A storm she would bo liabio to pitch down upon it and bo wrecked. This dangerous "snag to navigation" Is now known as "Lamb 5 Rock." Tho fisherman who found it kept his discovery secret, as iho water above it was always alive fish, A vessel striking upon this rock would at onr.o bo lifted off and go to tho bottom in doop water, No ono knows how many of the "ocean mysteries" this rock is accountable for. in numerous Instances In various seas Islands have suddunly appeared and again as suddenly disappeared through submarine volcanic action. Reefs of coral rock aro frequently raised and lowered by seismatic action. In many places these changes aro so many and great that tho charts arc useless after a groat earthquake until a now survey has bcon ma-do.
In tho routes about Australia there is much trouble of this kind. With ono earthquake shock a a rock disappears and wiih thn noxt its head is again thrust above tho water. In those seas tho Rurick Rock, tho Miuie Carmichaol Rock, tho Constance Reef and other rocks have boen ex- pungod from the charts, bub who knows that they will nor, again appear aftor somo soiF.matic disturbance. THE WANDEHING DERELICTS. Tho danger to to tho swift ocean steamers from derelict or abandoned drifting vessels Is greater than is generally supposed.
aro always a considerable number of those abandoned ships drifting to and fro in tho soas, particularly in tho North Atlantic, and the number of times that a particular one is often sighted and ro- ported would seom to show that somo of them havo a peculiar faculty for getting into and hanging about the great routei of ocean travel. Soiuotimns tho abandoned craft are scon floating bottom up, at others with masts gone and occasionally with masts still standing bub all sails in tattora and rigging in a demoralized condition, Aftor every groat and destructive hurricane derelicts strow tho North Atlantic. No doubb somo of tho wandering fleet of abandoned vessels go down in such now OIIOH, born of the storm, take thoir places. Thq United States Hydrographic Office endeavors to keep track of tho derelicts and In tho Pilot Chart, published monthly, gives tho'probable whereabouts of such as aro known. Each year has its derelicts and after each groab storm now onos make their appearance.
A few Instances will show the great distances to which soino of the abandoned vessels drift and tho great length of time bhoy keep alloac. In March, 1885, tho schooner "Twenty- Ono-Friends" was scon drifting 160 miles from Chesepeake Bay; four monthslator she was 2000 miles east-north-east of tho place whore she was abandoned; thonco she drifted toward tho north coast of Spain, and was last seen near Cape Finistorre. Daring her course she had boen reported, by twenty-one different vessels, During tho great storm of March 13, 1888, the wooden, three-masted, tirabor- laden American schooner L. White" was abandoned water-logged about 80 milos from Now York. She drifted right across tho Atlantic.and- on the 23rd of January, 1889, brought up with her anchors trailing, on the northwest coasb of Scotland.
From May til! the end of October she was drifting about in and out of the gulf stream and iu the Labrador currents, and during this period of her wanderings she was reported by no fewer than thirty-six ships, three of which sighted her in one day. In her lone cruise of ten months and ten days she traveled over 5000 miles 'and was reported forty-five times. How many vessels passed near her at night and in foggy weather can be conjectured. Tho schooner "Monantico" was abandoned in December, 1880, in 39 degrees north latitude, 72 degrees west longitude, and was sighted again the following July in 28 degrees north -latitude, 35 degrees west longitude. Tho schooner "Ida in in 17 degrees north latitude, 65 degrees west longitude, drifted about in a zigzag course for ton months, when she went ashore on iho island of Abaco.
Tho barque "Vinconzo Perrobta," derelict iu September, 1887, in 36 degrees north latitude, 5'i degrees west longitude, was passed, looking as fresh as ever, In February, 1889, just off Wathng's island. Many derelicts remain almost stationary for months. In 1886. tho derelict "Stormy Petrel" got into tho direct track of vessels bound to and from Gibraltar and there she remained for six months drifting back and forth. In February of the same year tho abandoned barque "Rowland tlill" was soon iu 42 degrees north latitude, 53 degrees west longitude, and In tbo following November she was still close to the same spot.
Tho derelicts at times get into eddies where they circle about, but are more apt to" drift into and.follow somo one of tho crreab ocoan currents. Although most of the derelicts knock- Ing about iho seas aro wooden ships, those of Iron are not unknown. In 1876, the iron barque "Ada Iredale" of Liverpool was abandoned in flames In 14 degrees south latitude, 108 west'longitude, about 1900 miles from tho Marquesas Islands. Her cargo of coal had taken lire from spontaneous combustion. Heir crew took' to the boats aud reached tho islands, named in twenty-five days.
The burning derelict drifted westward to Tahiti, a distance of miles. She was there towed port by a French waV-ship on 9th of June, 1877, nearly eight months after her abandonment. Her cargo continued May, 18'7S, when she named the "Annie sailed" the seas from to Liverpool under the stars and "Qri- flamme," abandoned under similar circumstances in, in 18 degrees south degrees west longitude, was months later 2000 miles Febuary, 1882, her iron hull drlf ted -ashore at thoiisland'of Raroia, one of Low the: Marquesas. Natives visited her and carried her bell. She afterwards sank i in 'deep 'drjfiiug over in eigh in on ths.
Til us ill, be seen that au iron lost, and in some cases as much as 90 per cent has been paid for reinsurance. In July, 1889, tho bark "Duppcl" loft Liverpool for Philadelphia and was 111 days on tho passage. Tho same your, ia tho Russian bark "Tahtiv was spoken in the ii.iltfr. 115 days out from a Spanish port with a cargo of salt. In September, 18SO, the "Christabel' 1 loft London with Christmas siores for Newfoundland, After bo ing at sea seventy-four days she put back to Plymouth.
About. tho same the bomuPfrom Fiff'tcira, Portugal, to Newfoundland, put back toSaloombo, after being knocked about at- sea for seventy days. In December, tho brijr "Dato" loft Ayr, Scotland, for Demerara, and afttir bauling with storms for sixty-fivu days brought, up in In July, tho sailod from Shields, England, for Valparaiso, and was' days iu making tho passage. In this case 1 J3 percent was paid for reinsurance, which shows that during the greater part of tho time the vessel was not all alone on tho wilds of tho ocean. The Norwegian barque "Evea" passed the Old Head of Kinsule, England, on New Year's Day IS'JO, and nothing more being hoard of her, she was counted among the missing, but, iifty days later she put in at Portland.
She. hud all tha time boon knocking about between tho Irish and English coasts. The wonder is that she was never soon or reported during all this time in waters so much frequented. Till: STOKMY CAPES. Many ships reckoned among the missing in times past nro supposed to have gone down oil tho Cape of Good llopo and Caps Horn.
About soven hundred miles Jrom the Cape of Good Hope, on the track to Australia over the Soutlu-rn sea, lies the group of uninhabited islands known as the Croze ts. On these islands during tho last half oontury many men from missing ships have at various times long led Crusoe lives, dressing in skins ami living on tho flesh of seals and birds. Some of Uiesn when rescued wore at first mistaken for sav- ages. On islands huts have now boon built that are stacked with provis- ions for tho use of shipwrecked persons escaping to tho islands in boats. Also ships occasionally call to see if any castaways are on the islands.
Tho iron ship "Strath more" wont ashore- on Apost.lo Island in 1S7C. Sho had a crow of men and fifty passengers. Of those eighty-eight persons forty-eight were saved, including a woman and child. Nothing of value carao ashore from 1 ho wreck except a chest containing some coverlets, knives and forks, spoons, preserved moats and two parasols. Tho parasols proved particularly useful, as from tho ironwork about them noodles woro made for sowing drossos of skins.
From July to January only four vessels woro sighted from tho island. At last it happened that tho captain of an Amor- can whaler passing wont aloft in order to obtain a bettor view of tho rocks of tho clangorous region. Observing signals from tho island on which tho shipwrecked people woro camped tho captain stood j-n and near, sent boats and took off all the survivors, five having died. Later on the British ship "Knowsloy Hall" disappeared from the face of tin soas. It being thought that survivors from tho missing ship might havo reached tho Crozets, IT.
M. S. "Comus" was sent thither. The "Comus" found a huti on Apostle Island and a cairn erected by the "Strathmoro" party. They stocked tho hut with provisions and erecting huts on sonjo of tho other islands filled them with tinned meats.
This work was done in March 1880. At Capo Horn settlements havo been made at certain points in several places, to which shipwrecked mariners may steer and find shelter. At these stations stocks of provisions and other necessary ores are kept. those Btations woro provided, those who reached-shore from shipwrecked vessels were but little better off than when at sea In their boats. Many are the missing vessels that seem to have disappeared at and about Capo Horn, no news of which has ever been heard.
In 1880 tho British "Champion," oyery nook in and about Terra del. Fuogo the hope of finding somewhere some sur- from tho missing ships "Melanesia," "Cumeria" and "Bio-Bio," but, without success. Since then the rescue stations have been furnished. In one winter tho "Princessof Wales," tho "Skelton Castle," "William Pitt," "United Kingdom" and four other old- time East Indiamen were lost off tho Capo of Good Hope; and iu 1889 tho largo iron ship "Bolan" and "Gl.an- believed to have disappeared off this cape. About both Cape Horn and the Cape of Good Hope bottom of the ocean must be strewn with wreck- and treasure.
DAN" DK COYERED WITH A TASTELESS SOLUBLE COATIXG. A WONDERFUL MEDICINE FOR Znfliffrstioti, JTanf of AptWf. fntnitittfis, Nif.Jfni'ini of, fhc Stnmnrh, JHiUmts or Com- Sick JirafJarhr.Colti Fhifili inysftf Heat. of $pir- its, All yp-rvotis rt To euro thpso complnintn TTO mnitrcnaoTO C.V.IKO. Tho jnincipal cnnce in tron'-roHv fa br found in ihn oilmch Hverl orqnns riqht ur.rl fill br irrll.
From two v.i four IMIis twice a daj- for nhort i rnmnvo the ovii. nnd rostore the puffaror A to somu! Mid lasting liCillb. Of a.11 SB cents a box. York Donut, St. raw In id) lorius, rjilpitntion.
1C. in SiiN', Shouhlor Him Arm. Shori JJi-oath, Opprossion, Spells, PropsY. Wi-i'l in StomjK-li, iit'O rui'tnl tiy 1)11. A.
I'jivis, Silver four ih'Ulos of 1IKA1: ihiin for iroulih'd with Hortvi MlLICS' HKAKT Nohniskii. nl'icr i Cl much hotter yonrs. ''For yours HCSe c'uroil Lovt nu. Stntson, Station, MILKS' U'KXUT OUKK for lour! Tivrijhio wish groat rcsnlls. Mrs.
I.o was ill for wilh lloart ni-Oil Heart Cure it on rod her. contains no ophites nr dangerous drug's. Solil on a Positive lllnstniiod hook Froo ut. lUidroaS DR. MILES MEDICAL ELKHART.
JNO. AND A medical work lhn( tolls; Hi', 1 onuses, ItbvenYvis. points thon-ii oily. KvionlilloftUy Uio vahmUlo, itmst over IIIIROS, cvoyy i bearing lialf-tujic in tints. suiijootrt trontcd: jNi'rvoU'- Iirmotonoy, 'SU'i'ilily, Dovrlopmoiit, Thu Hus- ruri't Jbuiir tin'.
(J'and ifhc Pi.iin the Old Secrets mufAVx 1 M'rrii'fofMedicnl us nvpiirtt to ietl Life, whn ii'intlii ttivnr for past follirs ind on) i if future jnt.fnlh, should write for tliit Flli-'i'h L1TTLK JJOOK. It will bu sent. imdorn-al, while thoodl- i tJon lasts. Atlilivss tlio publishers, Eli IK IWKO1CAI. Htillnlo, N.Y.
Whits, and dazz ihc moon's fair light she looked. Nothing: remarkable about that! She was fair to look upon, as a matter of course; and the dazzling effect was produced by her white and brightened by a liberal use of AMERICAN FAMSLY That's one of KIRK'S Soaps. the peculiarities of Clothes washed by them always attract attention by their purity and brightness. S. ExHEWK Chicago.
ftusky Diamond Tar Soap (p 5 0 Alii, 1 TVK will pny Hie rmvanl for nny case Of Livsr Com- l.iuit, Dyspepsia, Ki-uJftclie, Iiirilg'Klion, nr CostivonfSi wo rtnnnot with West's Y.gcUbl* when rti rctionn ilrictly compl e'l with. Tfcf mul iio-ur to n. SIITHI Mnlrd. Iwgtt 26 nil. of coi.nl lin- l.tons.
Tho itniiino KM! ky Jolimon, lil street. BivR JAPANESE If IFTS! Jtuc Act like miKieon llio Stomach. Livnriind pppMii. B'liou folds, tilrcp. of Complexion -t rura for Sii'it HCR tip STin 1 rniy to takff vinln I Cures Coughs, Hoarsen ess.
Sore Throat, Crorup promptly: relieves Whooping; Cough ond Asthma. Fnr Consumption it line no rival; has cured thousands wbereall others failed; will CUKE YOU if taken in time. Sold. by Druggists on aeuarnntee. For Ln me Back or Chest, use SHILOH'S PIASTER.
2flcts. REMEDY; DistressesYou after eating a hearty meal, and tho result is a chronic case of Indigestion, Sour Stoumch, Heartburn, Dyspepsia, or a bilious attack, TABULE8 Promote Digestion, Resmlate tbe S-ronmob, lAvvr and Bo weld. Purity tbe Illood. nudure a Positive Ca Headache, Jure tor iousnens, and' all other Diseases arising from a disordered concJitSou of the hivcr ana Glomac)). They act KCMitiy yet norfcct digestion folln-vvs use.
RIpaDsTabuioR take the place of an Entire Medicine Cheat, and should be kept Cor use In every family. Sold by dmaatftt or ecnt mail. Prtec, Tico Dollars. THE RIPAMS CHEMICAL CO. iO Spruce Ne'T Yorfe.
you Catarrh? This remedy is guaranteed to cure yom Price 50 cts. Injector frea Sold by A. C. Smith A- LOST MANHOOD MESMIN'S FRENCH FEMALE PILLS. Containing Cotton Roof and Pennyroyal.
rsisro. burning until was repaired, jTohnson" arid San Francisco caused by or Ooium, 01 Quickly- I' Kostorcd. CELBHHATKD NERVIA. Warranted to CUM money refunded. It is sold on a positive Guarantee to euro my form of nervous proc- JJWO-M.
t-yntioD or any disorder of the jrcuital organs of cither use of Tobacco. Alcohol on account of youthful indiscretion or over-indulgence, Convulsions, Wakefulness, Headache, Mental Depression, Softsnint; of tho Brain. Weak Memory, Dowit Pains. Seminal "Weakness, HystfirU, Nocturnal 'Emissions, Sperm atorrnceft. Low of Power and Jrapotoncy, which, if neglected, may lead to premature old and Insanity.
Positively guaranteed. Price. 11.00 box; 0 boxes for Sent by mail on receipt of price. written guamntcc furnished with every 55.00 order received to refund tba moMijr permanent cure'is not effected. We hundreds of gratofml men ts from old uud young of both MXM.
who huvo bean permanently cured by of tbis cremt retried For by Wfciatoh PASSAGES; Man sh 1 pg oxtraord Inarily long nassages have beeh 'given up as Beautiful Women Use Dr. Simm5 Safe Arsenic Complexion Waters To remove PIMPLES. MOTHS BLQTCHES, and CLEAR the SKIN. Warranted harmless. Get the £enuine, by 44 Monroe, Chicago.
At druggists, or mailed Jn receipt of price, ft.co per box. i Neldtn, Wholwale ffbfe tttt acd mott rtlUblf rtaiilc ia tht French Fa- malo J'illa, have beea cold fior ovor twenty ycars.E.nd used by Thousands cf wbo have Riven teetimonials that tb cy are an a specific myntuly medidno, for immediate relief of Painful, end Irregu'lur Menses, tnalo Weakaesn etc. Price $2.00 boi, full directions. NO SUBSTITUTES, OH SPtTtUOCS MESMIN CHEMICAL DETBOIT, Mica. Forr-uit J.
li. Farlow. Buylcy Grlei Sylces Drug Co. Roberta Nelden, CURE YOURSELF! Afik your Druggist for bottle of Big O. The only on-pciaonout remedy for all the 'unnatural and private of men and tho 1 debilitating ircakneu peculiar to women.
It cures in a without the aid or publicity of'a doctor. VnuHrsol American Manufactured by Chcmwal CINCINNATI, O. U.S.A. Kobcrts jfc Keldon. wholesale LADIES A reflnwl complexion must tsto Itrodoow mjf..
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