The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 18, 1957 · Page 28
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 28

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, April 18, 1957
Page 28
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Tests prove more corn with less water using Nitrogen •li'iiBinm ' • . . - • • . ' • O how Fertilizer Figures in your profits - Research farm gets ^917 fts. of protein per acre lathe not-too-distant future, dairymen soil than in unfertilized soil. <* Baby ffesearcharm Up to W»17 Pounds and cut at proper Fertilized corn proved much more drought-resistant than unfertilized corn. In the test area, fertilized corn puiied wflter from seven feet of snil WhilA fK unfertilized corn drew water from only two to three feet of sou. Another fact proved was that ferfflS corn needs less water than unfertilized corn. Here are the figures: The fertilized corn used only 5,600 b«lIOns OI \VflCGr to nmlrA *>Q*ifi l>i>ni. i i_ "i i» * ^^ ***™**~ vm\fi\ DuSiiei ^Vnilp trip unfertilizedcom needed 21,000 gallons of water to produce each bushel. One old-time belief about fertilizer was definitely disproved during the tests. For years, some farmers have thought that fertilizer caused firing of crop! «n dry weather. The report showed that firing is caused-by lack of nutrients, not by an excess. Well- fertihzed corn and other .crops make much better use of available water than do poorly fed crops. ft*-* •COintA* <A *a«lu *•«_ A ^ ~ « ACREAGE restrictions? Higher buying prices? Lower seUmg pnces? Your answer !o these questions ma? be ferhlizer - a proven way to make fewer acres produce more net mcome. For example, 50 bushels, per acre from 100 acres is the same as 100 bushels from 50 acres. But there is a big difference in profits. It takes about twice as much time, gasoline, and use of machinery to cover 100 acres as it does 50 acres. The break even point on corn is between 30 and 70 bushels per acre The more you can produce above.the break-even point' he more profit you make. This is where fertilizer £tm the picture One of the best statements of the need to S- bhze nms hje this: By making a decision to .grow corn H r^- gambled an ™tmen? of abou t ?* ^ Clslon , to use ferttoer will only cost $8 u d r 11 ^ty enhance his Dances of eettina ,? n '^ year with a faiiure ° f the co™ crop his $50 invested in labor, taxes, seed, machinery wear gasoline etc, is completely gone. But not the fertiler -! rS 'f 1' V f and " eXt y ear>S Cr °P wil1 P ick U P 67 to 753 of it Conclusion — a farmer cannot afford to gamble on not usmg plenty of fertilizer. ' S You can generally expect about $5 return for each $1 you invert m properly applied plant food. How much fertilizer to apply will depend on your soil, the crops you erow and the amount of fertilizer money available & Lp\E Ae sod bank. .Judge your fertilizer needs from soil tests and past experience with commercial fertilizer and manure. On a 5-ton hay. l^OO-pound-protein yield, it took «» pounds of nitrogen, total fertilizer costs (remember that phosphorus and potassium -were used) *ere «6. This breaks down to a cost of $17 per tonof fray or Vfc per pound of protein. Other tests **«e 200 pounds of nitrogen were used on grasses produced a 1,230-pound protein, four-ton hay yield at a totaZ fertilizer cost of $48 per acre-^r 4« per " pound of protein. From 1953 through 1955, dry spells were experienced. However, the nitrogen-fed grasses continued to grow throughout these seasons, making much better use of what water was available than unfertilized control acreage. This was true because grasses with sufficient nitrogen develop much better root systems that can seek out water during dry spells. Early Cutting Helps Early cutting is a key to high-quality forage production. This is particularly true of grasses. During the three-year experiment, cuttings took place on May 15, May 11, and May 13 respectively. Second cutting took place on June 22. A delay of only a few days can seriously lower the quality and protein content For this reason it is advisable to use the first cutting for silage, since May weather normally is not good for making hay. However, if a hay drier is available, hay production time can be reduced enough to make quality hay. ' Early catting resulted in forage more digestible than «ke«0-B2% normally accepted for forage. Preliminary trial* on digestion tulnoeoond cutting orchard gnu ' «aye TON value* of 64 to 66%. Dairymen interested in greater forage production are turning to USS Ammonium Sulfate for the nitrogen their crops need. They have found that ammonium sulfate is a practical, dry, free-flowing nitrogen source that's easily applied wjth normal equipment And ammonium sulfate can be applied during the winter and early spring months without fear of loss through leaching. That's because the Important the Ammonium sulfate is dry and free-flowing-easy to use. But more important, you ca'n apply it right now without worrying, about leaching That's be cause the nitrogen in ammonium sulfate doesn't convert to nitrate form until the soil warms up in tne spring. When the growing season begins, youll find that USS Ammonium Sulfate will stimulate an early fast growth of com plants with deep, healthy' drougbt-resistent root structures. Your com w«i H^ !£• ^ ?*" and y ° U ' U have more ^11- developed kernels per ear. Most farmers who use USS Ammomum Sulfate find that for every dollar they invest m ammonium sulfate, their r4im is fourUar m corn-that s good profit in any ml" i*k AK» IIC>m> • • —. -^_^^_^_ The so,I , s ,ke a bank, and unless plant food deposits are c7the r h 9U t ' y ' 6 !! CC ° Unt may S °° n be °verdrawn One take SQ m S Way . S J°« determine what is !•*''" the soil is to take samples at different areas across the field. At least To^e'th* " "^ Sh ° U ' d be taken fr ° m each ™ ~ lo take the core, scrape away all surface litter and probe to the usual t.llage depth of six or seven inches. \ at your local dealer's. It contains 21% nitrogen for increased crop yields. It's free- flowing and easily applied with normal equipment. Also avail- f^* inrTbulk - Order some, today. United States Steel Corp., 5?5 William Penn Place. Pittsburgh 30, Pennsylvania nitrogen in ammonium sulfate does - * S, n C ,T t^ Sh ° W ° treme ndou ,t cannot be substituted for other foods. re- *-. 5: 1 •+•» O N .*-> m T3 e»T3 • ur rn UJ n i CO . _C S»rf P •-•* -i S. i ,', iJ o ^ to « «

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