Home Edition — 25 Cents Salina, Kansas THURSDAY NOVEMBER 1, 1984 113th year — No. 306—20 Pages Violence erupts in wake of Gandhi's death NEW DELHI, India (AP) - A tearful, vengeful India mourned the assassinated Indira Gandhi on Wednesday and turned to the slain prime minister's son to lead the huge nation through its time of crisis. The 66-year-old Gandhi was cut down outside her home Wednesday morning in a barrage of gunfire by her own Sikh bodyguards, officials said. One of the two gunmen was then killed and the other wounded, they said. The mortally wounded prime minister, a Hindu, died five hours later, setting off a wave of anti-Sikh vio- Rajiv Gandhi Indira Gandhi lence across the nation. "Return blood with blood!" Hindu crowds shouted in New Delhi, where Sikh shops were set ablaze and Sikh shrines stoned. Hundreds were reported injured. Army troops were reported moving into New Delhi and Calcutta to quell the rioting. Extremist members of the minority Sikh religion had threatened repeatedly to kill Gandhi, especially since she ordered a bloody army assault against the Sikhs' holy Golden Temple in June to crush the Sikh separatist movement in Punjab state. National legislators of the governing Congress Party met in emergency caucus Wednesday and unanimously chose her son, Rajiv, 40, a party general secretary, to succeed Gandhi, prime minister for 15 of the past 18 years. Later, under heavy security at the presidential palace, President Zail Singh administered the oath of office to Rajiv Gandhi, a member of Parliament and former airline pilot who had been groomed by his mother to continue the "Nehru dynasty." Indira Gandhi, daughter of India's first prime minister, Jawahar- lal Nehru, dominated the political life of this teeming nation for two decades. She turned India into a nuclear power and strengthened its role as a Third World leader, but her governments made little progress in relieving India's deep poverty, or in overcoming its internal religious and ethnic conflicts. Her son's first major challenge is expected within three months, when national elections must be conducted. "Indira Gandhi is no more but her soul lives .... The spirit of India is immortal," Rajiv Gandhi said in a national radio-television address Wednesday night. He appealed to his countrymen for calm. Gandhi had returned from a provincial campaign trip after learning his mother had been shot. Gandhi's body, draped in the orange, green and white Indian flag, was brought from the hospital to her residence Wednesday evening. "Indira Gandhi will be immortal!" shouted crowds in the streets as the flower-bedecked carriage rode past. The funeral and cremation were scheduled for Saturday. Until then, Gandhi's body will lie in state at her late father's home. The armed forces were put on alert and a 12- (See Death, Page 16) OPEC to cut supply of oil to up prices GENEVA, Switzerland (AP) OPEC pledged Wednesday to create a temporary world oil shortage this winter in a bid to reverse a downward trend in prices. Analysts questioned, however, whether all cartel members would resist the temptation to pump more oil when demand picks up during the heating season. "For now it's a paper agreement because it can't be tested" until the oil producers are faced with turning away their oil buyers, said Walter Levy, an oil consultant in New York. The 13 members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries agreed on the third day of an emergency meeting to cut their production ceiling by nearly 9 percent starting today. The cartel said that cutting overall daily production from 17.5 million barrels to 16 million barrels would be shared by 11 of the member countries. Nigeria and Iraq were deemed to be hardship cases and thus were exempted from the reduction. Ahmed Zaki Yamani, the Saudi oil minister, said OPEC projected that demand for its oil during November and December would jump to almost 19 million barrels a day because of the usual increase in heating oil requirements during those months. By restricting its production to 16 million barrels a day, OPEC will create a temporary shortage in the market and drive up prices, he said. Yamani said that the cartel did not want to drive prices higher than the official OPEC level of $29 a bar- Today Today is Thursday, Nov. 1, the 306th day of 1984. There are 60 days left in the year. Today is All Saint?' Day. Today's highlight in history: On Nov. 1, 1952, the United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, in a test at Ehiwetok in the Marshall Islands. Inside Classified 16-18 Entertainment 20 Farm 14 Fun 19 Living Today 6, 7 Local/Kansas 3,15 Markets 8 Nation/World 5 On the Record 9 Opinion 4 Sports 11-13 Weather 9 Weather KANSAS — Windy and cold today. A decrease in clouds west and mostly cloudy east. Highs, upper 30s northwest to 40s in the rest of the state. Clearing and cold tonight. Lows, mid- to upper 20s except the southeast, where lows should be about 30. Mostly sunny Friday. Highs, low to mid-50s. rel. He said that if prices on the open market moved "much" above OPEC's official level, the cartel would meet again to loosen its grip on supplies and temper the price rise. "We are not interested in driving prices to uncontrollable levels," said Ali Khalifa Al-Sabah, the oil minister of Kuwait. OPEC began devising this plan after Norway and Britain, which are not members of OPEC, cut their oil prices in reaction to a slump in the open-market price. OPEC member Nigeria then cut its price without OPEC approval, and the emergency meeting was called. Nigeria, depending on oil sales for more than 90 percent of its revenue, told the Geneva meeting that it would not immediately rescind its price cut even though it gave the West African nation a substantial price advantage over other OPEC members. Tarn David-West, Nigeria's oil minister, said prior to the start of the talks that it would be "suicidal" for Nigeria to cut its oil production. The OPEC agreement Wednesday is designed to drive up the price of oil on the open market Some analysts said that while the agreement was likely to carry OPEC through the winter without a major threat of a price collapse, it would face another crisis next spring when oil demand slackened. "They're going to have problems next spring, but this agreement, anyway, might ease the pressure a little bit," said Phil Prince, chief economist for the energy group at Royal Bank of Canada in Calgary, Alberta. Craig Chandler Jamie Simpson chews on his can-of-peas costume Wednesday as Jamie and Scott Gordine enjoy a school parade. Heusner students in character for Halloween By CHARLENE FARRELL Staff Writer Halloween resembled a storybook picture at Heusner Elementary School. Characters such as Big Bird, Charlotte from Charlotte's Web, Sherlock Holmes and Rip Van Winkle were as prevalent as traditional ghosts, witches and goblins. The Heusner Reading Spooktacular was an effort to bring children's storybooks to life. But the students had to do the work. Children were encouraged to dress like a character in a book they had read. But any costume passed muster, as long as the child had researched the character. There was a serious message beneath Wednesday's fun, said Dorothy Wallace, speech and language pathologist and special projects committee chairman. "Reading is so important," she said. "It's just very difficult to get through life without being able to read, and we want to emphasize that to the children." The school's reading program started Oct. 15 and will continue through Nov. 15 with different reading events each week. It began and will end with a "Grab Week" in which students grab a book and begin to read whenever a special school bell rings. One week featured a mystery book, with clues given each day over the intercom until a student guessed the right book. Wallace said the students seem more excited about reading because of the program. Traffic has increased in the school library, she said. The emphasis isn't only on storybooks. Original poetry and prose have been written and presented by hearing-impaired children, then bound in book form for the school library. The faculty and staff also will present an original play about the school library and the merits of reading. "We're taking a book in its broadest sense," Wallace said. "Anything you can read, we think the students (will benefit from)." Western Kansas students campaign for Statehouse seats By DALE GOTER Kansas Correspondent TOPEKA (HNS) - The 175 western Kansas youths who show up for a model legislature in Topeka this weekend are in for an unscheduled lesson in the cold, hard world of politics. Victims of a leadership spat between eastern and western Kansas youth leaders, the 175 western Kansas high school students have been denied access to the House and Senate chambers of the Kansas Statehouse, the traditional site of the session for decades. Instead of conducting their model legislature in the Capitol confines Monday, the students will meet in the auditorium of the state Historical Society. The site change became necessary when the state's Legislative Coordinating Council voted this week to deny the group director's request to use the Statehouse for the annual event. The 175 students will represent high schools in Chapman, Garnett, Kingman, Langdon, McPherson, Mullinville and Salina. Meanwhile, the LCC has approved the use of the Statehouse by a group of 115 Johnson County students two weeks later for a virtually identical program, prompting charges of political subterfuge from the leader of the western Kansas delegation. "If anyone tells us we can't use the (Statehouse) chambers, it's going to be purely a political ploy," said Mayre Hoffman, Topeka resident and director of the western Kansas program. The spat apparently has been brewing for the past several years, as Johnson County and Topeka YMCA leaders have become in- creasingly critical of how the Youth in Government program was being handled by Hoffman under the auspices of the Topeka YMCA. Amid charges and countercharges about organization, finances and administration of the program, the Topeka YMCA relieved Hoffman of her job earlier this year, turning it over to the YMCA youth department and a private consultant. However, Hoffman subsequently decided to organize her program with the encouragement of western Kansas high school advisers who were unhappy with the actions of the eastern Kansas leaders from Johnson County. The LCC — made up of six legislative leaders from the Kansas House and Senate — was caught in the middle when Hoffman submitted her original request for use of the Statehouse early last summer. The YMCA program is called the Kansas State Youth In Government program, and Hoffman submitted her request under the name of Kan- (See Seats, Page 9) Doyen may face tough battle in bid for fourth term in Senate By CHARLENE FARRELL Staff Writer CONCORDIA - If political rumors are accurate, the 23rd District state Senate race between Senate President Ross 0. Doyen and Democratic challenger Ken Campbell is a tight battle. But the incumbent Republican doesn't think so. "I have always won comfortably and I think ... I will again," said Doyen, who is running for his fourth term as state senator. Doyen won about 71 percent of his strong Republican district in the 1980 election against Leon D. Riffel. "Of course, you are always concerned when somebody opposes you, but I have a tremendous amount of support," Doyen said Thursday in a telephone interview. Campbell, a Concordia insurance sales representative, has built his campaign on-the claim that Doyen has lost touch with his constituents. Campbell said Doyen's voting record on some major issues does not reflect the views of voters in his district. The district includes Clay, Cloud, Dickinson, Ottawa and Washington counties. "As I talk to the people, I hear one thing more than anything else: 'Ross Doyen is no longer listening to us and paying attention to us,' " Campbell said. "The people out here no longer feel he cares what happens to the people in the 23rd District." Doyen has consistently supported construction of the Wolf Creek nuclear power plant, voted in favor of (See Doyen, Page 9) Tornado leaves 2 dead in mobile home park CARBONDALE (AP) — A tornado slammed into a mobile home park near here Wednesday night, killing two people, authorities said. The twister struck the Mineral Springs Trailer Park after dark, inflicting heavy damage as it apparently caught residents unaware, said Kent Cornish, a reporter with Topeka radio station WIBW. In addition to the two deaths, which were confirmed by Tony Bell, director of the Osage Coun- ty ambulance squad, some injuries were reported but the exact number was not known. "Due to rain and darkness we're not sure how bad it is," said a dispatcher for the Kansas Highway Patrol in Topeka. The tornado hit the park about 6:20 p.m., according to a dispatcher for the Osage County Sheriff's Department. The trailer park is located about one mile north of Carbondale, a town of about 1,500 people 30 miles south of Topeka.
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