First Section Tuesday Morning, April 27, 1976 Standoff Bomber an Alternative Worth Bl Debate Consideration Sen. William Proxirnire, D-Wis., opposes buying 244 new supersonic Bl bombers. He doesn't like the cost, which he says will amount to $100 million for each of the new planes by the time the Air Force has all 244 Bis. That is nearly three times the initial estimate of $35 million. Air Force Secretary Thomas C. Reed, responding to the first of six speeches Sen. Proxmire intends to give on the issue, said Bl costs, in real terms, have escalated only 12 percent since 1970 and there has been zero real growth since 1973. It's that old bugaboo inflation, says Secy. Reed, that accounts for 81 percent of the cost increases. There is still time for someone in Congress to again serious question whether the United States needs the Bl as replacement for the B52. Two fellows of the Brookings Institution already have raised the issue. Alton H. Quanbeck and Archie I. Wood in a report published in February concluded the Bl is an inefficient way to modernize the U.S. strategic bomber force. They believe the so-called "standoff 1 bomber would be as effective militarily but far cheaper. The standoff bomber could possibly be a large, wide-bodied jet like the Boeing 747 or the Lockheed C5, armed primarily with cruise missiles. These planes would, quite literally, stand off from their targets, launch their cruise missiles at targets in the Soviet heartland without penetrating the Russian's defense perimeter, the Brookings defense analysts contend. Mr. Quanbeck and Mr. Wood point out Defense Dept. and Air Force official acknowledge the current mainstay stategic bomber, the B52, will remain structurally sound into the 1990s. This the authors believe will aloow the B52 to remain capable of performing all tasks of a strategic bomber for at least another decade. The Brookings fellows, both of whom were one time top echelon Defense officials, oppose the Bl as bad economics, with no significant military advantage over less expensive planes capable of serving as launch platforms for standoff missiles. One of the major economics, in their view, to be realized by disallowing production of the Bl would be foregoing the necessity of producing supporting new aerial refueling tankers, needed to assure that the Bl or any similar penetrating bomber would reach its targets. Whether the Messrs. Quanbeck and Wood have presented the ultimate Bl alternative is uncertain, but their credentials make the proposal for cruise missile armed standoff bombers worth serious consideration during Sen. Proxmire's six installment Bl debate: Also, the Wisconsin Democrat has embarked on a task far more worthy of his considerable talents than worrying whether the Army has wastefully misassigned 193 men to recreation duties at Garmisch, Germany. erience Protection of the environment might very weii become a civil rights issue. It will if the current controversy involving the Bureau of Land Management's use of helicopter patrols to prevent depredation of archaeological sites warms to the boiling point. The BLM employs helicopters, sometimes flying less than 500 feet off the ground, to watch people and prevent the illegal removal of Indian artifacts from isolated desert areas of southeastern Utah. Considering that some of the material illicitly collected by "pot hunters" sells for $2,000 to $3,000 it is not surprising that what the BLM's district manager Gene Day calls a "sophisticated ring" of pot hunters has evolved. That kind of quick profit is difficult to resist. But the use of helicopters to detect these people has generated hard feelings among people who use the primitive areas for recreation. Jim Fassett, a New Mexico geologist, summed up these grievances thusly, "Here we have an area set aside for people to escape from modern civilization and they turn around and fly one of man's ultimate machines all over." Mr. Fassett says he and his family were "landed on" three times in two days while backpacking last summer. Another disgruntled individual is former BLM helicopter pilot Jim Conklin. He found the flights unethical, describing them as an invasion of privacy containing elements of "Big Brotherism." Mr. Conklin was fired by the BLM for refusing to fly pot hunter missions. Conceivably, the right of privacy, a somewhat murkily defined area of legal thought, would be jeopardized when helicopters drop in uninvited to check for suspected pot hunters. Dropping in on the same people three times in two days might even be construed as harassment. If the day comes that the issue of privacy rights versus safeguarding Indian artifacts is presented in court we would probably come down on the side of privacy. In the meantime, as Mr. Fasset says, "It (those helicopter flights) is terribly ironic and it ruins the whole wilderness experience." If you want to learn golf you take lessons from the club professional. If you are sick you call on another professional, the doctor. And if you are unfortunate enough to become a crime statistic count yourself fortunate if you are the victim of a professional crook. Professionalization, says a textbook on criminal behavior, implies an element of training, a degree of skill and a certain attitude. That, apparently, is what the police are alluding to when they survey the scene of the crime and pronounce that "it was definitely the work of a professional.' 1 In "Man, Crime and Society," Ititrrlumii Peacekeeper in the Mideast I authors Herbert A. Bloch and Gilbert Geis contend that professional criminals are "simultaneously proud and squeamish concerning their avoidance of physical force in the accomplishment of their ends. . . A rational self-concern, in fact, is one of the major characteristics of the professional criminal." Opponents of stern gun restrictions like to say that controls would disarm "honest citizens" and leave the criminals with all the guns. But according to Bloch and Geis, professional criminals (except in a few narrow specialties) don't use weapons. In fact, they go out of their way to discourage lower class hoodlums from doing so on grounds that the bad publicity rubs off on the pros, too. It is the amateur or semi-pro hood one has to avoid. Armed or not he is more likely to be violent because, unlike his equally nefarious betters, the lowly thug has no code of ethics to guide him. Bill YmighanV Orbiting Paragraphs Cruise brochures remind us comfortingly that although the world is ucttintf smaller it is still liitf enou.uh to accommodate a lot of places we don't particularly want to go. Washington's new subway fits nj.;ht in with conditions (here. U doesn't r,o anywhere in particular and takes the weekend off. I guess they're all named Scoop!" Man' McGrory The Public Forum Time to Stop 'Em Editor, Tribune: I can't help wondering just how long the people of Utah and the Intermountain West are going to hold still for the abuse they are taking from the Sierra Club and their environmentalist cohorts. Now they've killed Kaiparowits. Just a few short years ago they killed the Hualapai Dam project that would have given us another Lake Powell. Before that, among many other things, they killed the Echo Park project that would have given us another Flaming Gorge Lake. And look what they have done to the Central Utah Project. They couldn't kill that because CUP must be built or Utah will simply stop in its tracks. But their stalling tactics have delayed completion of this vital project at least five years, and subsequently caused it to cost three to five times as much as it would have. Forum Rules Public Forum letters must be submitted exclusively to The Tribune and bear writer's full name, signature and address. Names must be printed on political letters bat may be withheld for good reasons on others. Writers are limited to one letter every 10 days. Preference will be given to short, typewritten (double spaced) letters permitting use of the writer's true name. All letters are subject to condensation. Mail to the Public Forum, The Salt Lake Tribune, Box 867, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84110. In 1954 and 1955,1 was a member of the Salt Lake Chamber of Commerce, and attached to a committee we called the "Aqualanties". It was the Aqualanties job to do battle with the environmentalists in an endeavor to save construction of the Glen Canyon Dam and creation of beautiful Lake Powell, together with Flaming Gorge. Those bounders almost had these two magnificent treasures of our state down the tube! And with the same kind of asinine arguments they used to kill Kaiparowits! They said it would be a dreadful thing to cover those canyons with water. Well,'sure, a lot of scenery was covered with water, but anyone who knows the areas know those spots were very secondary to the magnificent lakes we have there now. Millions of peopple (.including die-hard environmentalists) enjoy these places now, while only a few hundred ever saw them before the dams were built — and then at considerable cost and peril. And I've said nothing about the tremendous ecological and economical value that will be there for generations to come. How long? How long are we going to let these people deprive UK and our future generations of things that are so vital? JACK 0. COFFIN Alternatives Abundant Editor, Tribune: To those who mourn the demise of the Kaiparowits Project and are convinced it is a blow to the progress of this country. I'd like to quote a small section from Wilson" Clark's "Energy For Survival" (subtitled. incidentally, "The Alternative to Extinction"!. He writes (on page 190) that consumer purchase of more efficient refrigerators alone would mean "... six projected 1-mUlion- kilowatt plants would not have to be built. The savings in electricity would equal 40 billion kilowatt-hours, meaning that 17 million tons of coal would not be combusted, which would prevent the introduction into the atmosphere of dfilUXlO tons of sulfur dioxide, 25,000 tons of partieulates (plus an additional 2.5 million tons of participates that would be left as solid wastes), and 147,500 tons of nitrogen oxides. Additionally, thermal pollution . . . would not he released from the power plant operations, and over 26,000 acres would be saved from the ravaRes of strip mining. Another 10,000 acres would be saved lor other uses, which would otherwise provide the necessary land for the power plants and transmission facilities. All this in only 15 years from the initiation of an program in refrigerator do- wers to the energy crises do exist (as Clark clearly points out in his book), but they will not be found by turning to greedy, myopic people who believe their bank accounts are more important than their progeny. DANIEL GEERY Not His Favorite Son Editor, Tribune: The State Democratic Committee proposes to run Gov. Hampton as a favorite son candidate. I am disturbed about this for the following reasons: After having lived several years in a totalitarian South American nation, I have learned to truly appreciate the fact that in America we can choose our own presidential nominees. Thus, I am very jealous of my right to vote. Regardless of how well the governor may have served the state, I resent anyone usurping my prerogative of voting for whomever I feel will best serve our country. Gov. Rampton obviously cannot be elected president, and an 18-delegate-vote-block will not bestow an appreciable measure of power or honor on either Gov. Rampton or Utah. All this will do will be to further confuse what will be an already confused Democratic convention. In a year where there is so much talk about "fat cats in smoke-filled rooms" choosing the Democratic presidential nominee, how can we permit a gesture which will further destroy the democratic process by consolidating even more power in the hand of one man? What happened to the idea of voting for the presidential nominee of our choice? Is democracy dead in the Utah Democratic Party? I hope not! THOMAS W. RIGSBY More Complaints Editor, Tribune: This new nonsmoking law in cafes and restaurants has really got a question mark in the mind of the average citizen. Nonsmokers can complain about the people who smoke. They have their freedom to complain, but wait until the smoker turns hi his complaints. Someday soon, the law in cafes and restaurants will be placed in areas throughout the entire establishment. They will be posted: "Nonsmokers, choose your favorite area." "People with screaming children, anywhere you chose." "Loud talking and demanding citizens, we love you; Pick your favorite area." "Anybody who has an irritating body odor, can be served at their discretion". "All Smokers please remain off the premises until the 'perfect people' have left. We might accept you, but leave your stupid habits outside." To bring everything into a realm of each individual's rights and habits, maybe the "Demanding Nonsmoking Society" will control many more restaurants and cafes, and put up billboards all around the city to warn the smokers to "Keep Out". Soon they will be out of business. With the majority of the public still "hooked" on smoking, the nonsmokers really want to sock it. to us. We'll never know what they do to hide their pleasure. JIM REID Kcarns McGrory called for a full Beating Death Stains Corps Washington Star Syndicate WASHINGTON — The mother of a Marine private who was beaten to death in a San Diego Recruit training exercise says, "They just plain murdered him, that's all." Mrs. Betty Calhoun, whose son Lynn McClure, a mentally handicapped 20-year- old, enlisted ifl\ the Marines under highly questionable circumstances, is "just proud" that President Ford has expressed a personal interest in the case and has report. "It disappointed me just awful that nobody in Congress would investigate," Mrs. Calhoiin said on the teleohone from her home in Lufkin. Tex. "Maybe now we will get somewhere. It's just terrible how they do those boys. Those drill instructors are just not human." Dragged Into King Lynn McClure, who died on March '13, was beaten last December, according to at least two witnesses, at the instruction of a drill instructor, who shouted "kill kill kill" as the recruit lay on the ground and begged for mercy. He twice attempted to run away and twice was dragged back into the ring to fight eight men during a 30-minute period. "He was a little ole thing," says his mother. "He didn't weigh but 115 pounds. I can't get it out of my mind." Six Marines — one colonel, two captains, two staff sergeants and one sergeant — have been suspended, and a "formal one-officer investigation" has been completed and now is being reviewed by "the convening authority," commanding general, Maj. Gen. Kenneth J. Houghton. Pugil stick exercise bouts continue in the Marines. Maj. Marlin Hefty, an official spokesman for the corps says : 104,000 Bouts "In the past year, there were over 104,000 pugil stick bouts conducted. Only 60 injuries were reported, and of those only five required hospitalization, three for broken bones and two for head injuries, one of which was McClure. In comparison with football games, those statistics are pretty strong. The equipment is good equipment." Hefty concedes there is "a possibility" that McClure should not have been recruited. A police record and a history of a brief confinement in a mental institution, had McClure disclosed them, would have disqualified him. But Hefty says the necessary checks were made and insists there was "no recruitment malpractice." Mother 'Shocked' Mrs. Calhoun was "shocked" when she heard her son had been recruited. "He was a slow learner," she says. "He couldn't understand instructions. He dropped out of school in the 10th grade. He couldn't keep a job. He was arrested several times, but it wasn't anything real big. Once he just got mad at a hotel-owner because they moved his room, and he threw rocks at the sign and broke a window." After another similar episode, McClure voluntarily committed himself to Rusk Institute for Mental Patients, where he stayed during the summer of 1974. Couldn't Pass Test "He tried to get into the Army and couldn't pass the test," says Mrs. Calhoun. "When he took the Marine test here in Lufkin, he got a score of 6; in San Antonio, he made a score of 59. He couldn't pdss that himself. Someone coached him on it." Major Hefty agrees there is "a heck of a difference" in the scores (the Marines say McClure got 9 percent the first time) but points out a two-month interval and the fact there is a book to help pass the tests might explain it. "They should have known," says Mrs. Calhoun, "he wasn't man enough to go into the Marines. He kept writing us it was tough, but he was going to stick to it, because he wanted to be a man and make us proud of him." Hurt, in Coma The Calhouns got word from Pendleton that McClure was "hurt" on Dec. 6. He was in a coma from which he was never to emerge. "We went up there the next morning," Mrs. Caihoun recalls. "A captain met us, and he acted real funny. He said there was no way we could talk to the drill instructor, he just couldn't get away. That's when we started getting real suspicious. When we saw 'Bubba,' he had bruises on his chest. His arms were black. They had bandaged up his head after the brain surgery. A doctor told us he didn't have any brains left." Decided to Sue In San Diego, they met an investigator who had been hired by a local man whose son had been beaten hi the Marines. The investigator gave them the name of John Gyorkos, a 34-year-old Oceanside attorney. The Calhouns decided to sue the Marine Corps for $3.5 million for "wrongful death." "A lot of people think we are doing this for the money. It's not that. I want this thing to .stop. So many boy« have been hurt, and they got by with it. There's no way the Marine Corps can get out of this. They just plain murdered him, that's all. I would like to know they arc going to get punished." (Copyright) This one thought contains the essence of the re;ility we must face: It is our profligate style of living (hat. needs revamping, not the environment that sustains us. Realistic ans- Stayskal Today "Harry Kcasoncr's convinced we offered Barbara Walters $1 million a year as a stunt. If he quits, we'd sure like you to consider doing the network Frews!"
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