, JULY 11, 1939 .BLYT&EVILLE, '(ARK.)' COURIER NEWS Manufacturing Plants Move . Jo. Southland; Tennessee Gains 92 Factories EDITOR'S NOTE: This Is lite flrst In a series of stories on the development of Tennessee Valley Authorlly jxiwtr and Its part in new Industrial era for Ihe South. Hulled Press Associallon, * • :i BY JOHN A. JVMIRIS, J,-. United Press SialT CoiTespandcni MEMPHIS, Tcmi,, July 12 (UP) —The magnetic might of cheap TVA power is attracting new Industries to the South. An era of prosperous industrial development is upon the land stunfccl by the Civil War. Giant cables stretch across Dixie, carry- Ing power from the dams the gov- > erhinent has built. And of this power is born things men need— paper, - rubber, chemicals, shoes, furniture. Five years ago the South was groping for a way to turn Us tremendous abundance of natural resources into economic insumncc for its people. • Then Sen. George W. Norris 1 dream of a regional plan to distribute power for the Tennessee Valley evolved into TVA. Project Begun in 1933 The first step to develop natural resources of the south was taken in 1933. The South' wondered about the commotion and watched, a bit awed by the, greatness of the project. And only now it is realizing a new day has dawned. Particulars of the growth now taking place or which lias taken, place in the past live years are. not widely known. Knoxvillc, for instance, living in the first major community to enjoy TVA benefits, was interested and startled somewhat recently when it read this Roger Babson financial forecast: "The TVA has focused the eyes of America on Knoxville. We cannot deny the value of cheap and plentiful power as a long-term business asset." During 1935 and 1930, Tennessee gained 92 new Industrial plants. These brought an increase of 22,- G09 wage earners. Pulp Mills Increase Since the establishment of the TVA, which makes available low- cost, electric .Energy .for processing wood into pulp, the capital .-iri- Vpstinen.t ;'j in'> South cm • ; pul p a lid. paper mills' lias.more, than doubled. In 1935 the investment was approximately $1M,(H!0,OM. Today it is more (nan 5200.000,000. There are now. upward of 50 large plants in the South, using various and abundant types of pine in the making of newsprint and other forms of white .paper. . -- ».-,,-, - But it is the electrochemical :iind electrometalUirglcal 'ind u s't r i e s which are responding most' to the inducement of cheap TVA electricity. - •-•.-. : .' • • , . The Tennessee Valley is rich'in Jewish refugees who recently wandered for "weeks over the Atlantic In (he German liner St. Louis, seeking a hospitable port, found n welcome change of transportation after Belgium ollercd them sanctuary. Above, a policeman stands guard In Antwerp as a group boards the Brussels train. EACH WEEK BUYS NEEDED CAR REQUIREMENTS Tires, batteries, radios, heaters *ad other products for your car can be bought on the Firestone Budget Plan for surprisingly little cash outlay and terms so Knall you'll hardly notice them. Train Ride Ts a Welcome Change minerals useful to modem life. There arc at least 40, including an abundance of coal, iron, copper, zinc, manganese, mica, marble,and phosphate. Electric Furnace Vital The electric furnace is the oven that is now putting substantially larger amounts of these minerals into channels of human usefulness. At the same time cheap power is establishing the cliemical ami-met- allurgical industries upon a sure footing in Ihe South. The Tennessee Valley Authority itself, in its experimental program of developing cheap fertilizers, has led the way in demonstrating the economic feasibility of the electric furnace. Last year Victor Chemical Works, with plants at Chicago and Nashville, completed a $1,000,000 electric furnace and cliemical plant at >ft. Pleasant, Tenn., because it could make a 20-year contract with TVA. Monsanto Chemical Co, with approximately a dozen plants in the United States, England and Wales, is another gigantic industry which has been drawn into Tennessee. At tlic plant near Columbia, an electric furnace;uses TVA energy to extract phosphorus from the phosphate which conies from the company's deposits in Maury count}'. I'l.int To Cost 50 million Then, there is the Electro Metallurgical Co., which hns embarked on a huge expansion program dur- i ing the past two 'years. In 1937 it' entered into a 20-yearv contract.! with TVA. for.the supply of all necessary power up to''10,000 kilowatts for a $50,000,000 electric furnace and plant to be constructed at Muscle Shoals. A $5,000,000 plant will .be built at Columbia, -Term. "Standard Brake Shoe and Foundry Co., announced-recently it will install aii electric furnace in the South ami will "use .TVA power. The, American Co'llold Co., will start operating a mine and plant this summer near Aberdeen, Miss. TVA power will be used. Ground was broken at Clarksville, Tenn., May 1 for a $1,500,000 plant for .the B. P. Goodrich Rubber Co. TV...- electricity was admittedly one of the chief factors con- Glad to Be Home t» ft* Vtftt Df Ftrtttoat, "a. B, C Kta Ne Tco« i'o the FiKiione Voice of the Farm Program twice eacb week during oooa hour PHILLIPS MOTOR CO. 5th & Walnut Phone 810 NATIONAL'S E A G L -I WHISKEY "The King of Blends" 90 Proof — 60% grain neutral spirits. National PistillefsPr<xlucuCorp.,N'.y.C PAGE THREE AND EtMCDEL Norberl McKenna, broker, smiles his pleasure at arriving back in New York, U. S. A., where a man can snap a camera without being thrown into the hoosegow as a spy. In the Dulch border town of Zevenaar and 'in Chomborlain-famcd Godesberg, Germany, he got in Dutch for taking pictures and was held in ]ail until spy-jittery authorities were satisfied of his innocence. sidered by Ihe,company in its location. Tlie frozen foods industry is another business rapidly gaining a foothold in Alabama and Tennessee because of TVA power. State Mislays $1,500 In "Conscience Fund" BOISE, Ida. (UP)—A high school girl's question on what happened to a $1500 "conscience fund" in the Idaho treasury paid a half century ago by a former territorial governor puzzled Myrtle P. Enklng, state treasurer. Tlic student, Tresa Mae Comllt, Hagerman, said she read In history class that John N. Irwln, Idaho territorial governor for a short time in 1883, sent back his $1,500 pay check after returning to- his home state in Iowa. A clerk placed the warrant in "tlie government's conscience fund,"" the girl wrote, and it Is supposed to be there yet. She wanted, to know how much it amounts to no\v T what the Interest is and what the slate plans lo do with It. Mrs. Enking couldn't find the fund. ,arge Residence, Three Duplex Apartments, Service Sfalion Being Built Despite the torrid weather, build- Ing Is continuing In Ulylhevllle and vicinity with .one luvye residence, three duplex aparlmeiils, a new filling station rind burn started recently and numerous improvements made to other buildings. Tlie Paul Byruin residence, being creeled on Ills new suburban acreage south of lilythevHIc on Highway (11, is to be a modern resilience of four bedrooms and' two baths. Work'has already started on the story and a half structure being erected slightly south and lo Iho rear of the former B. P. Urogdon house which M>. Byrum plans to move to another location so ns to have the entire front space for his yard. Walls nre to be of mahogany blend brick veneer with n blue black composition shingled roof. The front .will be trimmed with lira columns ami there Is a 12 by 12 front porch, to be screened, which Is In an offset and which hns n balcony over it. The 17 by 19 foot living room will have a fire place and there *is a central hall which connects the living room, dining room, kitchen with its built-in features, bedroom and bath, all on the first floor. Three bedrooms and a balii upstairs open Into n hall. The interior will have papered walls, :oak Doors, numerous closets nnd there is to be a- hot air heating plant. Buford Martin Is having three duplex apartments erected on the corner of Franklin and Sycamore streets, each of which have three rooms and bath. ' The frame structures are painted white with blue composition roofs and lighter bmc shutters. The interiors have papered walls and built in features in tlie kitchens. Foundation hns been made for another service station at the Arkansas-Missouri state line. This station; which is to be erected by tlie Arkansas Fuel- Oil Company, a subsidlaiy"of'the/Cities Service, will be of frame with a'composi- tion roof. There will be'rest rooms In connection with the 1 service station and Ihe second slpry of-the building will be used for living quarlcrs. A large, general purpose barn Is being erected uy C. W. AiTlIck on his farm near Sleele. The modern structure will have a self supporting roof, built by a plan endorsed by ngriciiHui-nl experts for the storing of hay,' soy beans, corn and farm tools in addition to being used for mules. Mrs. EU Hnhlhi Is planning to add another room and to do other improving lo the residence at 1011 West Walnut street, which she recently purchased from tlie Proctor estale after having rented the house for many years. She will add n new kitchen nnrt bath on the first IJoor, which SUB will use in her apartment, and will make a number of repairs ana" re- decoralc the interior and outside. The residence at 700 West Ash street, oivned by the Graves estate, Is' being converted into two four- room apartments. Cf. p.—Flyii£, formerly of DlythevIIle and now of Springfield, Mo., Is here lo supervise tlie work. All of the outbuildings were dismantled and a double garage erected at the rear of the lot. Tlie numerous changes Include the repainting of Die exterior. Dining Kc-om She If a separate dining room Is'pro- claim in « home, its shape- and nl/.e are largely dependent on Ihe necessary finUure and space for serving lie-irons ut (he lablo. At least one unbroken will space should bo provided for a slilcboiml am! .siifru-li'jjl wull spiice elscwllero to.core forrxlra chairs. The tendency lias been, In small quarleiv;, to eliminate large (lining rooms in favor of dining ntcovcs. Often opened Into the living room, they permit n varied use of the (lining space, (irovldf! an effect of spaciousness, nnd (jte added llghU nnd ventilation lo Ihe living area. In many Instances dining space in kitchens Is appropriate, as well as dining space l|i living rooms. Poor practice Is Involved where nn entrance foyer serves for de- Wind Sails Corn Crib With Youth Inside It KEHTDAUiVItiE, Ind. (UP) — Corn cribs don't seem to be solid shelter against storms, nowadays. Roy Brown, 16, was caught In a heavy rainstorm, so he ran into n corn crib for shelter. Suddently, Roy was being soaked and lashed by the forces of nature. When he looked around for his protection, he saw It In. the neighboring field, where the wind had put it, without even harming Brown. Cork Tile Effective As Room Paneling Very effective decorative use of cork-tile paneling is possible, home- decorating authorities say, and many different effects may be obtained by Ihe number of tile mcdcls available. The cork comes In a variety of handy lengths and Is easily applied to the wall surface. 'Colors run mostly lo natural, soft brown tones. The Modernization Credit Plan of the Fedora! Housing Administration may be used In financing slid work. QUALITY SAND and GRAVEL AT THE RIGHT PRICK Your Home L CONSTRUCT1<)N'EQUJPMENT REMODELING dining. New I'ulijf Kneel Paint authorities have now .... vised n \riiy to obtain an old and weiithrrbentcn effect on new knotty pine woodwork. Funds for painting jobs mny be obtained from nuall- flcd lending institnllons uiulcr the Modcrnlnatlon Credit Plan of tho Federal Housing Administration. To secure the. effect, paint experts advise, first sponge Ihe surface with a fairly strong solution of ammonia or soda. If a ilnrk finish Is preform!, mnkc K stain of raw umbcv thinned with turpentine and add enough varnish lo bind it. Prepared varnish stnlns ara nlso nviillnblc for this purpose. A lllln cent of reduced shellac or dull vnmlsh mny then bo applied, followed by a coaling of wax. numbing Chuck-Up A plumbing system' may Inllu- encc Ihe health of a family uiul sometimes even an • entire community, according to Federal Housing Administration officials. ... A serious health hazard results froin faulty or worn-out plumb- Ing, nnd there Is n double (longer because Ihe faults me not usually apparent. Funds with which lo repair or replace plumbing systems in homes, ns well ns lit commercial and Industrial structures, may b.e pblnlncd train lending liistl- UJUdns'.qualified'; b'y .PHA under ''- Property improve'ijiclil". Credit Plan. At regular Intervals a complete check-up should be made to guard against the possibility of water- supply contamination. Onuses for water pollution most often encountered include: The occurrence ot a vacuum In the system, leaking valves, general disrepair of water, soil, ami waste lines; stopping up ot pipes by the development of hack pressure; and open water- storage Innks. The degree of dnngcr from plumbing defects usually varies nc- n .... . ., cording lo the age of buildings, 1 UOOr, Window Need but even n new building may harbor [i health incniicc resulting from faulty Insjjillfitloii of plumbing. Is frequently found desirable 1» these areas, ami fumls with which to carry out such Improvements tire obtainable from • tending tnltons .qunlinoil by. the F Housing* Administration iindei 1 ll.s I'roporly Improvement Cmllt Plan. \Vhllu almost nny shrub will prove sntlslnctory us a uromid- covcr plunt. Die following gonpriil chnrnctcrlsllc.s slmuW bo - helpful lo home ownm In .selrctlnx plants best adapted to this .purpose. These plants should be Inexpensive run) should transplant, crow, tind propagate readily. Usually tlic denser mill lower-growing varieties will prove moil satisfactory. Among tiic more common types P-t ground-cover plants in-i; iho Japanese spurge, periwinkle, Winter- crecper, English ivy, American bittersweet, and moneywort. The use of Imrdy sell-pcrpeluat- Ing ground-cover plants will Insure an nllracllvc appearance In arcns which otherwise mlclil lie bvrvcu and unsightly. Utilization of cover plants also will mlucc the maintenance costs of tin- grounds, because such plants rcqjilre lltllc or no care. Estimate Places Figui'e As High As $25,000,000 Annually The average annual firo loss In the United Stales duo to defective chimneys mid Hues Is above $25,000,000, and many lives nro lost In the some 32,000 fires Inking plnce in'the country every year, accord- Ing to nn eslimnlo of the Actuarial Bureau of the Nntloiml Board of Plrc Underwriters. 'llicro arc olglit common factors which contribute lo finilly clilm- ueys, according lo some authorities: (1) Insiimclcnt height, (S) omission of flue lining, (3), offsets and bends In (lie chimney, (4) Improper Installation of smoke pipe (5) other openings into tho chimney, (fl) cover for clean-out dooi not light, (7) Improper support for chimney, and (B) Improper laying of brick. Chimneys should be Inspected at Intervals "uy competent inspectors, and funds for the installation of adequate equipment and needed repairs nre obtainable- from qualified lending Institutions under Ihc/Fed- eral Housing Administration's Moil- crnlaitlon Credit Plan. Delay Or Rejection'Often Caused By Poorly Drawn Plans Considerable- improvement Ims Jcen noted rcccnlly In the.quality of plans niul s|icclncallohs for now- lomo construction submitted with applications for mortgage Insurance, according to Federal Housing AdmlnlstrfUlun olilelnjs. IMallcil In form H II D» which irovt's lielpfu) lo builders, contractors, inn) olliers In the preparation ami siibiulsslon of the •ype of plans desired by the Fed- sriil Housing Administration Is .'onlaliied In Technical Bulletin No. 1, "Contract Documents." Delay May Kcsult Delay In processing applications For mortgage Insurance, as well as tlic -possible rejection of the loan or n reduction in the slv.c of the morlgaije mny result from tin: submission of bnilly drawn, Incom- ilcle, or Ill-conceived plans, FHA officials point out. Redrawing of the plans, In order llmt Ihu mlul- imun standards of llvnblllty nnd nrclillccUirnl nllrnftlveiicss mny ))o achieved, Is oflwi necessary. Spccl- ncnlions nre nlso returned In ninny cnscs where proper ndvnncc treat- incur am) planning nre not given, with Iho request that the method of construction ho clarllied. Errors Msteil Following Is a- list of the most frequent errors nnd omissions In plans nnd specifications submitted with Application.! for morlgngc In- surniico lo the Fcdcrnl Housing Administration: 1. Omission of drawings of. wnll sections. ; 2. Incomplete description of the method of.liracliie and framing. 3. luudequixlc designation of Ihe qvmllly of workmanship. 4. Inadequate description of tho sizes, types, and grades of lumber. B. Incomplete wlfitig layouts which fnll lo elvo speolllc locution of all outlets. 0. Pnlljirc to specify • grade ant type of plumbing fixtures nnd civ- nnclly of healing plant. 7. Incomplete spcclficaUpns ., for flashing,• counter- flashing, umd caulking. ;• 8. Fnlliirc to jjlvc Iho grade o roofing to be employed 0. Inadequate specifications for the type and number of coals of pulnt. 10. Iiicomplelo speclflcntlons for grading, sodding, and ivnlks, at, well ns Improper Indication of (In Isli. grade. Difficult l.nwn Areas Ifcavy-follnijed trees, such as the beech nnd Ihe cheslnut, may cause a spot or Iwo on the lawn area about the .home wlicrc It Is difficult to cultivate healthy grass. The north side of buildings and steep slopes nre v nlsd locations where good sod Is difficult, to maintain, authorities say. The planting of low-growing hni'dy shrubs, vines, or pcrennlJils Checkup In Summer Sticking doors or windows tisii- Hlly require refitting or repair, mill with (he nrrlvnl of warm weather the homo owner will find the Ideal time to nrafce repairs of this nature. Doors and windows should nlso be checked for Iho following points: Doors out of plumb, requiring rc- ntllng or new hardware; advisability of replacing wood panels with glass In doors; defective locks, chains, or bolts, requiring repair or replacement; iicqiilrlng extra keys ALSO ALL GRADES , COAL The coast of Maine has SD many small indentations that, if all were measured, the state would have a 3000-mile 'coastline. Phone 700 or 372 SUPERIOR COAL CO. PAYING RENT OWN You: HOME Know Ihe security of hoiue- ownership! Stop paying otil vent money, when that rent money can buy the home of your dreams. Under Ihe FIJA plan, ynu can pay as Hide as 10'/o- down, and the rest in easy 'monthly payments . . . and in a short time own your home. THE ARKMO LUMBER CO. Phone 40 Quality Service Install New Front At Mabel's Lucky Store Hnsscl's Lucky store, located at 316 West Main street, Is to have a new front. Work Is to start tit once on the In.stallfttlon of a blade and Ivory carrara glass front wllh two dts. pltvy .windows ami numerous .Im-' provemcnls «lll also be made ta Hie Interior. B. )I. Blaler of Dyersburg, Tenn., owns tlio building which Is leased to I'hll Hassel. for various locks'; broken or defective window cords nnd pulleys needing replacement; replacing brpkci window lntchM or other -window device. 1 ;; cracks around window snsh and doors requiring wenthci- slrlimlng. Most of tlicso repniis can be made with money obtained from qunlined lending Institutions Insured under thn provision of the Property Improvement Credit plan of the Federal Homing Administration. Reliability Of Local .Firms Important F a c I o r In Providing Equipment The nvcrngo Individual selecting ncclmnlcnl equipment for moderji- ?allon of R home or for Irislalla- ion In n new home Is faced wllii a grcnt vnrlnllon a!> (o type, make, ind advertised advantages, Federal Homing Administration officials •ay. i Because of this, K Is nil too cosy lo lose sight of tho, fundamental purposes of the equipment, with a csultlng selection iiooily suited to the house, Hie pockctbook, and comfort nnd convenience requirements. Under FltA's Property Impiovcment Credit Plan a. >ay Is provided for the financing by lending institutions ot home Installations. Mechanical differences aic often of minor Importance In comparison with Ihe reliability of the local nun selling nnd Installing tlje selected Hems of equipment, FlfA officials point out. The honjc should be equipped me- clraulcnlly up to the standard set by other homes of like quality, age, and she In Ihe netghboihood, In order lo maintain the value of the whole proiieily'. However, PHA. olllclals warn, equipment added ovci and nbovo this standard may appear desirable lo Ihe immediate user, but In case of resale, over- equipment may tend lo lower rallier than iiihe Die valuation due to vminllon In human desires and Obsolescence In equipment. Deer. Rescued In lake OIICTEK, WIs. (UP)—Citizens .of Ohctek hall^Matt D^weyer as' a deer llfcsnvcr, Dewcycr WHS cruls- Ine in his motorboat on -Lnke.Ohe- tck when Oicar B. Olsqu called his attention lo acloo strusgllng In the water. Dewcyer niancHvered! his boat close to the animal, seized It and hnulod It nbonrd. Complete Line of WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC Ranges and Water-Heaters WALPOLE'S ELECTRIC SHOP Don't Let a Few Dollars Bar Your Home Improvement -Pay Later For ns lilllc as $5.00 per month you can have your home re-roofed, painted or other remodeling and repairs made. CERTAINTEED UNIVERSAL SHINGLES arc fire-safe, 'wind and weather proof, permanent in color and when applied over rtti old wood or composition roof give insulation against-heal and cold. Just Phone 100 for Estimates E. C.ROBINSON LUMBER GO.
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