2-Algona (la.) Upper Des Moines Thursday, Jan. 3, 1957 1AL PAGE fleslomes MR DOLLIVER'S CONTEST loiks in the 6th Congressional district of Iowa wiil bo watchiny with great interest to see what happens in the election contest filed by James I. Uolliver over the victory at Merwin Coed in the scrap lor a congressional seat from this area. Mr. Dolliver s main challenge is based on nine charges with reference to the election, some of which sound rather silly. To have Dolliver assert that a radio and IV station gave "preference" to Coad is laughable. Dolliver had as much opportunity to buy Jime as Coad, had he so desired. Overlooked entirely is the fact that about 90 percent of the newspapers in the district supported Dolliver, including the largest daily in the district which editorially and without any charge to Dolliver, lent its full support on its editorial pages. This is the privilege of a newspaper, of course, but the mediums of public expression in the district were much more strongly supporting Doiliver than Coad. Commenting on D*oiliver's charge's, Coad said last weeki .- . , > "All the charges are fictitious. They have included promises of political jobs, pressuring voters and ballot marking. The only ballot I marked was the one I voted myself." Coad added that he had not promised jobs to anyone, and that his campaign was aided by a strictly volunteer group. We; might be Wrong, but it would >eem il- ligical fo jus to assume Jnat DoltiVer £o* "short changed" in the counting. Most of the courthouse personnel'artd election judges In the 6th district are members of 'Dplliver's party, not Goad's. If there iWSie any judging or counting decisions to be made the odds are that they were in favor of Dolliver and not Coad. * • . *. * GREAT PLAINS GRAB The Administration is reported ready to ask Congress for authority to return to private ownership several million acres of Great Plains land which was rescued from the devastating drouth of the thirties. Since being; acquired by the government, this land has* received the type of conservation treatment that npVvJ makes it an 3 qdses in- contrast to the MrViitOr^ that surround^ -it. About ?5ii ^million acres of lapd is in this jackpot. •' i 4 s. ; « |} i This land WJhen acquired Was all sub- marginal. Much of it had been abandoned by its owners; other parts were rough land that had never tbeen cultivated. , Since then the application of modern conservation practices has more than trebled the value of the land fo'r which the government originally invested about $2 per acre. This brings Up several interesting points. First, long-range conservation even in a dust bowl area can be successful. Second, now that the government has carefully nurtured this land since 1936-38 when it was acquired, someone now sees a fat chance to profit by getting it back. Third, the fact that the Administration is even considering allowing it to get back into production in privqte hands 'doesn't make sense at a time when the Secretary of Agriculture is cryin.g out about "surpluses" and advocating taking large areas of good tillable land out of production. The land we need least in crop production is the sub-marginal land. Nature never intended it to feel the touch of a plow blade. We -might have learned that lesson back irf the thirties, but evidently we didn't. * * - * .There's a,story going the rounds of one fellow who walked into the Internal Revenue office and explained that he just wanted to meet the people he worked for. 1 • * * And then there is the old Southern colonel who said he always had a quart of bourbon, a pound of beefsteak and his old houn 1 dog at his breakfast table. The beefsteak,'lie explained, was for the-dog. > , ; .-• JUgona Upper PCS ^ftoinc* •"111 E. Call Street—Phone 1100—Al'gona, Iowa Entered as second class mutter at the pistoffice at Algona, Iowa, under API of Congress at March 3. 1878. ( _ _ > _, t , ,-,r-n---i- .--,-...^..-—™: ,.._, r „ „. . ,„, j _ •, Issued Thursdays in 1957 By THE UPPER DES MOINES PUBLISHING CO, R. B. WALLER, Managing Editor C. S. J5RLANDER, Advertising Manager NATIONAL EDITORIAL MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS REPRESENTATIVE Newspaper Representatives, Inc. "jfc Aye., New York 18, N. Y. ', Ifichigan, Chicago 1, III. RATES IN KOSSUTH CO. tr* to Jsuivauw:* .......... ..... ,.,.,. ,,,..*3 .00 jp$jJeis. u> vombinauim, ptr year ..... $500 IQ» HATES OUTSIDE KOSSUTH advance ... . - — .44.00 RATES - ..... ..... ----- ^ i< CITY AND COUNTY NEWSPAPER To Milk Farmers of Soil Bank Money > Freight Rate Boost DIRKSEN FINDS A WAY Senator Everett Dirksen (R-lll.) has found a convergent way to evade the nation's election laws. Campaign contributors for a general election fund have to be reported. For primary elections, they do not have to be reported. Dirksen's campaign contributors sent their big money to the primary campaign fund. Later, a balance of about $100,000 was transferred from the primary fund to the general election fund — with no names. > Thus Dirksen does not have »o report the source of about 70% of the money he received. It's all legal; it's also a bit unworthy of a member of try; great United States Senate. * * * EGYPTIAN MADNESS The extremes to which fanatacism can go was shown clearly when an Egyptian mob smashed and tore down a statue of Ferdinand de Lesseps, French engineer who planned and built the Suez Canal. The statue was at the northern terminus of the canal, Port Said. In the first place, de Lesseps has been gone a good many years. In the second place, his engineering feat opened up Egypt to development it had never known before. One of these days the canal will be cleared, again in use, and revenue from its tolls will come rolling into Egyptian coffers, as it has during the past years regardless of who operated the canal. Have any Egyptians stopped to think what the engineering success of deLesseps did for their country? No. The main idea is that he was a Frenchman and ^represented a foreign nation. Had de Lesseps not tackled and completed the job of constructing the Suez canal, it would not have been necessary for Egypt to dynamite his statue. In fact, it is unlikely that Egypt would have' any dynamite. * * * STILL THE SAME BENSON Grundy Center Register — During the few months preceding the late election the farmers were courted by the candidates. They were assured by the candidates that if they were elected that the fanners' interests would be safeguarded. Even Secretary Benson, who, from the clay that he took over the head of the agricultural department, expressed the belief that farmers had been coddled too much and that they should learn to stand on their own feet, carried on a farmer wooing campaign in the Midwest during the months before the lute election and he no doubt made many fanners believe that he had reformed. Since the election farmers have been finding out again that the Secretary is still the same Benson. A week ago he cut another slice from the 1957 corn support price. He reduced it another 19 cents a bushel to $1.25. That will be the lowest corn support price since 1946. And it will take 150 bushels of corn next year to pay for what the farmer could buy with 100 bushels of corn 10 years ago. Farmers have to pay inflated prices for what they have to buy and take deflated prices for what they have to sell. None of the corn growers can be happy about the future over the government programs set up for them by Secretary-of Agriculture Ezra Benson. In all probability after this year, farmers who will not comply with acreage allotments, will not be eligible to get a government loan on their corn. This year the non-compliance loan is $1.19 a bushel. That loan figure was set by the President a few months before election. Its purpose clearly was not to bring support to the corn growers, but to get farm support for the administration at the late election. Our farmers could feel more secure if we hud a national election every year. Our secretary feels free since the late election to give farmers the works, He has not from the outset of his administration been in favor of any price supports for farmers. If he continues in office another four years, which he undoubtedly will, it is very probable that all price supports will be removed. * * * THE "NEW REPUBLICANISM" Sheldon Mail — We do not know exactly what President Eisenhower means in regards to "modernizing" the Republican party, and from the news stories we have read about it, the news- writers evidently know little more than we do. If it means making the party over to bear an even closer resemblance to the Democrat, we don't get the idea. We think one reason so many voters split their ballots is because they cannot see enough difference between the two parties as they now stand, so vote more and more for the man instead of the parly. If the voter wishes to be a liberal, that is his privilege. On the other hand, if he prefers to be a conservative, that should be his privilege, too, and we see no reason why "conservatism" should* be regarded as a dirty word. How can you have a leftist party and a middle-of-the-road party, without having a rightist party? That's about what has happened, and it is good reason for the public to be a little confused. The ridiculous part of it is that the Democratic party holds both the most extreme liberals and the most extreme conservatives — the southern element. The comment was made to us the other day that we by no means should have a third party, for that would mean a government by coalition. But it appears to us that in many instances that is what we have anyway — the southern Democrats almost operating as a third party and in numerous cases holding a balance of power. It would make voting for the party a good di>al easier if we could have a realignment to the end that the liberal and conservative elements colild have clearly defined borders. The national political organizations themselves gfi-ru to huve forgyuen principle completely. 'int.,' holding ''•!' cffirc Sri nis to be the only goal. No Publicity To New Scheme Says Writer Burt, Iowa December 27, 195P To the Upper Des Moines: --, This letter deals with "supports and subsidies", but I would ap- pruach the subject by degrees and from a side road. Now the basic farm law of this nation defines both "parity income' and "parity price." Oui government, to date, has always used the parity nrice formula— which results in the farmer's portion being reduced by about 48'*. The law defines "parity price" as that price level at which a given quantity of a farm commodity will have a purchasing power equal to what the same quantity of the commodity enjoyed during a specified period when price relationships were considered lo have been "fair" to farmers. The period of 1910 to la 14 has been taken as the measuring guide. "Parity income" is defined as that gross income from agriculture which would provide the farm operator and his family with a standard of living equivalent to that afforded persons dependent upon other gainful occupations. Personally I believe justice is all on the side of using "parity income" as a yardstick. 1 cannot see anything wrong with it. But the other one — "parity price" formula has always been used. According to government figures that nation's hog and cattle producers during the ilast four years ('53 to '5U inclusive) failed by some $13.8 billions of getting that return needed to give ihem a standard of living comparable to other groups gainfully employed—as indicated'by "parity of income" index. Since lowtt has 6.4% of the nation's cattle and 21 % of the nation's hogs, Iowa's portion of the above loss for those four years was about $1.4 billions, Incidentally that is not quite as much as we have given the Yugoslovia dictator, J. jB. Tito, in military and economic aid since 1951. '»; STRICTLY BUSINESS 'Hmmtn . . . previou* machine experience—pintail I" I mention this fact only to GIVE THOSE WHO ARE CONTINUALLY SAYING THIS NATION CANNOT AFFORD TO PAY THE FARMERS A FULL AND JUST PRICE FOR THEIR PRODUCTS—SOMETHING TC CHEW ON. (See Page 36 Time Magazine for June 11, 1956.) The above government figures are chilly ones indeed-rendered much more ominous by something that has happened just lately!-'»» 1 refer to the increase in interest rates and freight rates. But in this letter I discuss only the freight rate increase. However, as to the increase in the interest rate, I could point out that the government recently raised the interest rate on government bonds. This increase in rate for one year exceeds in amount the total cost to the government ot the agricultural support program fur the 20 years trom 1933 to 1952 inclusive, an increase in interest rates on bonds automatically raises rates all along the line. Livestock feeders who borrow money now pay BVi'/l—a few years ago it was only 4'/a. Increase in interest rates moves wealth from the borrower to the leader. The railroads demanded an emergency increase of 7% to be followed by a "normal" increase of 15%. The Interstate Commerce Commission is the government agency that fixes the rates. Now a federal law provides that when.ev.cj the I.S.C.C. considers a railroad rate increase request, a,nd the Secretary of Agriculture must present to the commission the facts relating to the effect on farmers, such a rate increase, if granted, would have. Dr. Don Paarlberg, Asst. Secretary of Agriculture, accordingly presented such testimony on Nov. 28, 1958. I shall not attempt to repeat all the testimony Dr. Paarlberg gave. In substance he showed that: 1. The farm plant is in a "criti-- cal condition. 2. The farm problem is so serious'»» to "transcend" all other domestic problems. 3. That while the farm income is up slightly, this improvement i* due in large measure from recently expanded government pjo- grams, such as soil bank pay- iiitmts, fie. 4. Some of these government payments are considered as "only temporally." TH> increases in freight rates on the other hand are more of a permanent nature. 5. The 7% increase in rates would be "shifted" to the farmer in lower prices for products sold and "forwarded" U> him in higher prices for things bought, 6. The 7% increase would have the effect of "offsetting the government payments. 7. U.S.D.A. reports show the net farm income is low—only about half the per capita share, even after including off farm earnings. We are now informed that the I.S.C.C. granted the 7% increase in rates on freight east of the Mississippi River, and 5% west of it. The I.S.C.C. appears to have disregarded Dr. Paarlberg's testimony completely. As near as I've been able to find out the reason was, the law which governs the decisions of the I.S.C.C. orders it to fix such rales as will preserve the transportation system. They had no authority to deny an increase in rates because ot any adverse effect on agriculture. Thus those sums the government paid to farmers as "soil bank" money will shortly he taken from them by increased freight rates. When the "soil bank" payments were made the news was blazoned in big head- lines in the big dailies across the nation but when the moneyec" men who own both the railroads and ' the equipment companies selling materials at big profits to the railroads, take from the farmer his soil bank money in higher freight rates, this news RATED ONLY A SMALL NOTICfc IN FINE PRINT ON THE BACK PAGE. So far as I know, none of the big dailies published any hedge along 18 and along the driveway is gone. ' Wallace's Farmer once quoted this farm after I had planted all the evergreen trees and that fine hedge, and it was on this farm hi 1938 that I won national honors by, raising the highest yield of DeKalb corn ever raised in the U.S. corn belt, and I won a 4- door Chevrolet car, which I still own and drive all over California, Mexico and to Vancouver twice. Mother and I send all our best wishes to all of our old friends. Mr and Mrs John P. Byson San Diego, California 21 ..WASHINGTON — Following is Part 1 of "Washington Sum- nary V bredictions for 1957... BILLS IN CONGRESS — Foreign aid; Although aid to foreign countries will have reached the stupendous total of $59.3 billion' since drawn up in 1945, Congress will ask for -* and get — a sizeable increase next year. . Federal aid for school construction: Opponents will stir up a big fuss, but federal money will be allocated for construction of schools in depressed areas . . . Greatest argument AGAINST will be that schoolhouses built by federal money cost as much as 100 per cent more than "locally- constructed" schools. Mike in nostage: Since 1957 is not an election year, a bill calling for an increase of letter mail from threa cents to four (01 possibly five) cents should pass both Houses in good order. Civil rights: No civil rights legislation will be passed in 1957. (But pep-haps in '58). . Taft-Hartley: There will be some technical changes in the complex T-H labor law— in favor of unions... The changes will evolve around compulsory union- 2mm "-AGO IN-THE part of Dr. Paarlberg's testimony on the damaging effect on agriculture of those increases in rates. So the farmer, already in deer trouble as Dr. Paarlberg showed, .6 given two more deadly blows 1. He is stripped of his soil bank money, and, 2. By the public being fully informed by the press on what the farmer got in government payments and then keeping the PUBLIC IGNORANT OF FARMERS BEING DEPRIVED OF THE GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS, through increased freight rates, the farmer lost sympathy and understanding on the part of the non-farm people, something he is in great need of and deserves. So the big daily newspapers, THEMSELVES TIIE RECIPIENTS OF SIZABLE GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES, have by PLAYING UP the "soil bank" payments and PLAYING DOWN the increased freight rates and the facts about where Dr. Paarlberg showed they will lodge, have done not onlv farmers but the nation a great disservice. A just solution is thus made more difficult. I ask this question, Is it not just as reasonable to support in prices those who produce the nation's food as lo support in rates those who transport it? Those recent happenings such as continued low farm income, increasing cost of things purchased, loss to the transportation companies of his government payments, increased interest rates on his increasing debt-—these things effect to move farmers and the nation a step closer to another terrible depression. At this critical junction^ if Benson, Shuman and other Farm Bureau leaders achieve their evil objective of terminating ALL AGRI* CULTURAL SUPPORTS AND GETTING THE GOVERNMENT OUT OF THE GRAIN RESERVE STORAGE BUSINESS, it could wel! turn out to be the knock out blow. In the lexicon of crime— the coup-de-grace~*a word which is handed down to us from ancient times and means that acl whereby the king's executioner? severed with the <ruillatine the victim's head. George W. Pattern!) • * » *i£ MISSES EVERGREENS Editor, Upper DCS Moines Algona, Iowa Dear Sirs: In your paper of Dec. 11, I saw a photo ot my old farm, just across from the cemetery or highway 18. My son gets your and always bring* it over FROM THE FILES OF THE ALGONA UPPER DES MOINES JAN. 7. 1937 A well-known Algona man. Andy Anderson, now deceased, gained mention in the Upper Des Moines due to a yearly act which brought pleasure at Christmas time. Shortly before Christmas for the past several years, Andy selected some well - deserving youngster who needed complete boycotting, and clarification of 'state labor laws. INVESTIGATIONS — Labor racketeering: Congress will knuckle down on a long series of hearings on "underworld" activities in labor ... A direct result of the acid-blinding of Labor Col- umist Victor Riesel ... Dope: Senators will attempt to show that dope is one of the big- factors in the increase of Press Club ballroom before 300 newsmen, he held a stance of aloofness, yet was ready with an easy smile. This may sound incongruous, but on him it looked natural. There are two definite impressions Nehru left upon Washington when he departed last Thursday. One is that he possesses a deep sense of nationalism and is a skilful politician on a world scale. The second impression is that he'd prove a powerful man — on OUR side ... Behind The Movie Sets WITH BUDDY MASON gest "serious problems involving to me. 'I see that fine evergreen outfitting. He youngster from equipped the head to foot, inside out, and sent him merrily on his way. An idea for persons who would like to do something for someone else at Christmas nowadays. * * » It was just 20 years ago that radio station KGLO at Mason City got started, according to a story on the front page. The station was operated by the Globe* Gazette and has added TV facilities since the beginning. An ex* Algona family was also in on another important publication. Gardner Cowles, Jr. and John Cowles, sons of ex-resident Gardner Cowles, Sr., had the first issue .of their new magazine "Look" on the newstands. During the first year the magazine carried no advertising, but since then has changed considerably. A Liver more youth, Robert Fisher, narrowly escaped serious injury and possible death New Year's Day when a bullet fired by his brother at a target ricocheted from a rock and became deeply intedded in his chin. Robert received immediate medical aid and was well on the road to recovery. * • • Winter arrived with & vengeance Monday night as the mercury went down to a frigid -8 reading. A blizzard, which reminded everyone in these parts of the previous winter, also hit this area and stranded cars and trains in north Iowa- Icy pavements added to everyone's woes. * * * The largwt fox hunt in the his tory of the county took place New Year's Day new Titonka. A total of 700 men participated and sighted five foxes with a net bag of ZERO. High-jumping JajfH rabbits, quoted as being quite a circus act, provided most of thr entertainment during the hunt. It wa« thought on« ef the m»in- if not the meanest, man in „,.. _ county was reportedly living in the Whittemofe Some gt?o4. for»nothing stole woM from the premises ot Mrs Anna Tietz, m invalid, and poaoe officers wound Whitte more were conducting a rigid search for the culprit. Algonans remembered the time many years before when a similar wood thief was foiled by putting a stick of dynamite in the wood jvile. The dynamite in the kindling blew up the furnace in the home of the thief. * » * Divorcee in Kos*uth county in creased by six during 193U from juveniles... —o— WEAPONS — A-plane: Look for encouraging announcement toward the end of the year that atomic-powered airplane is ready to take to the skies ... The prototype will be flown over'the ocean to avoid panic in event of mishap such as crash-landing ... Missiles: Emphasis in 1957 will be on missiles of all types,. .News of three or four stfirtnrtgly revolutionary types of missiles may be made public, together with the revelation of astonishing speeds ranging up .to 20,000 miles an hour! ' FARM FUTURES — If drought ' ' Mid-west, greatly increased financial aid to farmers will be authorized... Exports of farm commodities in 1957 will jump beyond $4 million. (Value of exports this year was $3.5 billion). I There will be heavy pressure on Agriculture Secretary Benson to raise the corn acreage allotment from 37 to '49 million acres, now that his plan to end corn price supports was defeated in the Dec. II referendum. MISCEW.ANV — The man to look out for in the U.» S. Senate the coaming year,is hjghly-ambiti- ous Sen. 'Hubert^ .Humphrey, Democrat liberal of Minnesota... He will be Congress' biggest "stirrer-upper" in almost every controversial topic ranging from civil rights to foreign aid ... There will pe no reduction in personal income taxes'... But perhaps some easing up on small business and corporate taxes ... A heavier crackdown is in the works on "moderate" income tax evaders... ' '• A LOOK AT NEHRU If it appeared to the outsider that Washington fell all over itself to please Prime Minister Nehru of India during his pre-Christmas visit here, then that impression is correct. Rarely has there been such a to-do for a visiting dignitary. One may say that the royal carpet-plus treatment was an attempt W WOO the prime minister from his neutralist tightrope. Nehru is dashingly handsome. — especially for his age of 57 _ attired in the jodhpurs, a three-quarter-length achcan coat "" and cap white Qhahdi, "overseas When he strode into the the previous year. There W ere nine couples divorced, in 1935, 15 in 1938, but it didft't approach the total of 21 in 1,934, Divorces granted in 1936 amounted to one for every 333 families. Not bad Pan FroehUcb. Jr« f*. Benedict, suffered an eye injury in a freak a«cjdent Sttjwiay morning. White driving hiy* car, he attempted to pass a snow plow, Which tossed a ha/d-packed piece of snow into thp FroebJich windshield. The glass shattered and a piece of it pierced. Pan's eyelid and partially penetrated the eyeball. He was rujhed to Mercy hospital at Mason City and a stitch taken in the eyeball. t » » W. E* McDonald was re-elected chairman of the county board of supervisors at the first session of the year Saturday. Salaries of deputies at the courthouse were set at the J93G rate by the sup«r* visors during the meeting. Hollywood. Calif. — "OSCAR," Filmland's proud, little statuette and symbol of extra-ordinary achievement, has added a public relations staff to his retinue! Not that Hollywood's own "Golden Boy" needed any introduction to the world at large. He's justly famous wherever mankind has access to the printed word. However,, like all celebrities, he has inherited a considerable amount of hearsay history based on a multitude of misconceptions. Once, each year, he takes center-stage when tne spotlight of public attention swing] from Santa to Oscar in seasonable tribute. He bestows his favors upon a talented group whose exceptional attainments merit special recognition. Then, he exits from public view for another year. * * * Oscar's brief annual moment in the public limelight may lead the uninitiated to the false conclusion that his distinguished parent, The Academy of Motion Picture) Arts and Sciences, is solely concerned with staging the Oscar Awards events. A long sleeper- jump couldn't take you farther from the truth! * * * In this fabulous wonderland called .Hollywood, tom-tom beating has been developed to a highly advanced stage. A stage where the use of mere temple- gongs to "beat out the word' 1 can rank you as a publicist who can be trusted to keep a client's secret. Thus, it's rather remarkable that, in this atmosphere of free-wheeling information, but scant knowledge of the Academy's more significant, workaday functions ever seeped through to the general public, in the past. « « + In the forefront of every technical and cultural advancement of our motion picture field, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences has played a major role. The Academy maintains a Library containing over 5,000 books and periodicals about the industry, Here can be found thousands of still photographs, trade publications, story synopses, in fact, every scrap of information, pertinent to pictures and picture-making, that any research could desire. The 'Academy Players Directory is published every four months as a cooperative service to Hollywood's players and production studios. One of the Academy's top projects is the reclamation 'of paper motion picture prints found in the Library of Congress. Originally fUed for copyright, these prints cover many important historical events between 1894 and 1912. To date, more than 260,000 feet of film from the 1,000,000 feet ot paper-prints have been restored and converted to film. A » » * These are only a few Academy-launched programs. Detailed information concerning current and future ventures will be made available to the Press through "The Academy Report," a series of irade-reletues now issued by Oscar's new public relations staff, Harshe - Rotman, lac * * • . ' At long last, the Press will receive a complete, comprehensive coverage of ALL the Academy's contributions to industry, and general technical Mdvuncemont, regularly compiled by this nation-wide organiziition of public- relations counselors. At the moment, Os^ar couldn't for "comment." It and the Academy's be reached seems he, legal counsel, were busy mappin battle-plans to combat infringements of Oscar's copyright. Range of violations; Infinity! » » "» If Oscar, the little gold statuette, ever tires of -bestowing honors on outstanding Filmlandfrs «<nd decides he'd like to tour abroad, we'll compose for him a "SITUATION WANTED" Classified ad aiul head it: -^ ".HAVE COPYRIGHT— WILL TRAVEL !"
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