The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on November 5, 1938 · Page 1
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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 1

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Des Moines, Iowa
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Saturday, November 5, 1938
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THE WEATHER Rain. Day'a record, weather reports, page 16. Radio, page 13. The Newspaper Iowa Depends Upon PBTCE "113 CSNTS-?! DES MOINES, IOWA, SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 5, 1938. -SIXTEEN PAGES Defies Posse for More Than Two Hours an mstMltt Cm IOWA SHERIFF Elect 'Liberals Is Roosevelt Plea SAVES GIRL, 17, MOTHER FROM DEATH IN FIRE THE AMERICAN PUBLIC WILL NOW pXPRESS ITS CHOICE. DR. HIGH SEES 'TOUGH GOING' i i 1 ! d ; FOR FREEDOM Deplores Triumph of Force. (Pictures on Pagea a and 18.) By Gordon Gammack. Democracy in the United States is in for "tough going" ana tne Keeping or it is no job for softies," Dr. Stanley High told the convention of the Iowa State Teachers association Friday night. The magazine writer and former adviser to President Roosevelt de clared in an address at the Coli seum that democracy basically Is 'an attitude, a spirit, a condition of human relationships." More Than Mechanics. "It is not," he said, "a con glomeration of mechanical equip ment congresses, constitutions, electoral machinery and what-not It Is much more than mechanics. "Unselfishness, a belief in justice, tolerance, the desire for good will in human relationships those are the qualities out of which democracy is made," he declared. "If they are lacking, no machinery w ill make a nation democratic If they are present, the machinery doesn't matter much." By Friday night, nearly 10,000 Iowa teachers had registered for the eighty-fourth annual state con vention, which will end today after election of a new president and other officers. "Blow" at Munich. Dr. High said democracy was dealt a severe blow by the Munich peace" conference at which Prime Minister Chamberlain of England yielded to Hitler In the Czecho slovak crisis. "Munich rang down the curtain on one act of our current world drama," he said. ."When the curtain goes up again, it will be a dark and dour setting with right on the scaffold and wrong on the throne. "Remember," Dr. High con tinued, "the kind of standard for human adjustment that triumphed at Munich. The so-called peace conference was a victory for force. The men who were freest in brandishing their guns got away with the loot. And around the world every man, every na-tion who believes in gun-brandish' ing as a standard for settling human difficulties will have had that belief made stronger. Commenting on the Munich conference, Dr. High said that "everyone went away happy and that wasn't strange because the man who paid the bill wasn't there." "Munich was a triumph for a way of life the fascist way of life. All those who believe in Teachers-Continued on Page Three. THE LAST ONE SHOT IN SIDE, IS NEAR DEATH Ambushed in Hunt for Prisoner. PlctUT on Pan 4.) By Howard Dobson. (RtcUter Statf Writer.) VINTON, IA. Sheriff Leland A. (Sara) Fry lay near death in the hospital here Friday night, the victim of an escaped Benton county prisoner whe later killed himself. The sheriff was shot from ambush when he went to a house at Garrison, la., about 1:30 p. m. to attempt to arrest the fugitive. One slug from a .45-callber army issue pistol entered the sheriff's right side, nipped the upper in testine and lodged near the spine. Doctors said the stomach was not punctured. Farm Hand. Sheriff Fry was shot by Leak C. Crowe, 22, a farm hand who escaped from him and Deputy J. B. Franklin Oct 22 after they had arrested him for questioning In connection with a robbery. Crowe turned the heavy pistol on himself some time after shooting the sheriff, when s volunteer posse of more than 100 armed men surrounded the house In which he barricaded himself. Tear gas grenades were thrown. Crowe fired several shots at the volunteers, Franklin said, but hit no one. The fire was not returned, he said, because Crowe seemed to be moving around the house. Gas Too Dense. Franklin said he did not know how long Crowe had been dead when he entered tht house shortly after 4 p. m. Franklin explained he had been unable to enter sooner because of tear gas in the house. Deputy Franklin said he got an anonymous telephone call from Garrison shortly after noon Friday, and was told Crowe had been seen around the John McLennan home there. Franklin Armed. Sheriff Fry and Deputy Franklin left at once for Garrison, which is about nine miles southwest of here, and picked up Chris Peters, the Garrison marshal, on their way. Fry and Peters were unarmed, Franklin said. Franklin went to qne back door, he said. Peters approached the other, and the sheriff went to the front door. As he walked up to the door, Franklin said, he heard a shot. He yelled Fry's name, but got no response. Then McLennan yelled out for somebody to get an ambulance, and Franklin ran to the front of the house. Fry was lying just inside the door. Fires. As he stepped in the door. Franklin said, Crowe fired. He drew back, and ordered Peters to go to the sheriff's car and get another gun. Franklin said he pulled out his own gun and went back into the house. Crowe fired another shot, and Franklin fired twice as Crowe retreated to the rear of the house. Peters had told neighbors to call for help, and Dr. Harry Bez-nick arrived a few minutes later. Under an erratic fire from Crowe's gun, Franklin related, he and Dr. Beznirk went Into the house, picked up Fry and carried him to the car. He was rushed to Virginia Gray hospital here. Franklin then sent a call to Vinton for tear gas and bombarded the house with three gren ades himself. The posse gathered quickly, and had the house surrounded within a half hour after the affair started. Dead on Bed. Franklin said that when he went into the house he found Crowe lying face down """on a bed in a rear room. He apparently had placed the muzzle of the pistol to his right temple, as a part of the skull had been torn away by the heavy slug. Crowe has been in this part of the country for about two years. according to Coroner J. R. Burrows of Belle Plalne, la. His home is at Areola, HI., 'where his fa ther is a farm hand. . First Trouble. Friday night his brother, Winifred Crowe, said Leak had never Shooting-Continued on tiige Four, Rakes Dewey As Unproved In N. Y. Race (RooMTClt Text on Pas 5.) HYDE PARK, N. Y. Pres ident Roosevelt Friday night urged the American people to elect on ' Tuesday candidates "known for their experience and their liberalism." The president, speaking from the library of his home here, also appealed for election of candidates "without regard to race, color or creed." His 3,000-word address, broadcast over three national radio chains, warned that unless democracy "moves forward as a living force" fascism and communism will grow In strength. lie asserted that democracy weakened "by internal dissension" is no match for "ruthless" autocracies. "Old-line tory Republicanism," he added, would aid "unconsciously perhaps" a trend away from de mocracy. Warning that new ideas cannot be administered successfully by men with old ideas, he asked his listeners to Judge parties and candidates not merely by what they promise but by what they have accomplished. For specific praise, the chief executive singled out Gov. Frank Murphy of Michigan as the only candidate outside of New York to receive a radio accolade. He again praised the record of Governor Murphy In handling Michigan strikes, saying he had substituted negotiation for risk of bloodshed. The president urged the re-elec tion of Gov. Herbert H. Lehman in his home state of New York and others on the state ticket, mentioning Senator Robert F. Wagner, candidate for re-election, and Representative James M. Mead, candidate for the short senatorial term, by name. Without mentioning Lehman's Republican opponent, District Attorney Thomas E. Dewey, by name, Mr. Roosevelt said pointedly: "We need mere active law enforcement, not only against the lords of the underworld, but also against the lords of the over-world." He said the state cannot af ford to supplant "seasoned leaders like Governor Lehman with men, no matter how sincere, "who nave yet to win their spurs or prove what they really know or where they really stand in the fight for social Justice. "Those who truly and sincerely joirf the struggle for social Jus tice, economic democracy for its own sake, do not throw stones at veteran fighters in that cause," the president asserted. In another veiled reference to Dewey's racket prosecutions, the president said: "The fight for social justice and economic democracy has not the allure of a criminal Jury trial: It is a long, weary, uphill struggle and those who give themselves unsparingly to It are seldom acclaimed at my lady's tea or at my gentleman's club." Dewey delayed his night's campaign tour to hear the president. Returning home, he told reporters: "Take this down: By their protectors ye shall know them. I will speak on that subject in Brooklyn tomorrow night." He was paraphrasing a quotation from the president, who said, "By their promoters ye shall know them." Mr. Roosevelt took another shot at dictatorships and declared that the New Deal does not assume for a minute that "all we have done is right or that all that we have done has been successful, but our eco' nomic and social program of the past 5 years has definitely given to the United States a more sta. Die ana less artificial prosperity than any other nation in the world has enjoyed." The very fact," he added, "that the business slump beginning last fall and running into last summer did not become a major economic disaster like the slump that ran from 1929 to 1933, is the best kind of proof that fundamentally . we have found the right track." lit, SHE EYES HER HEALTH. CHICAGO, ILL. UP) When you reach the age of 112, says Mrs. Annie Durganlan, it's time to watch your health. That's why she's In the county hospital for 'a check-up," she said Friday,! 2 Trapped in Room of Burning Home. A young man acquaintance was the hero in the rescue of a mother and her daughter, trapped in a second story bedroom of their burning home early Friday. The man, Hugo Martin, of Minneapolis, Minn., climbed to the roof of a porch to carry Mrs. Charles H. Jackson, 1011 Forty-fifth St., and her daughter, Patricia, 17, to safety. Smelled Smoke. Mrs. Jackson and Patricia, a Student at Roosevelt High school, were asleep in an upstairs bedroom at 8 a. m. when a maid, preparing breakfast in the kitchen, smelled smoke. The maid hurried to the second floor to find flames shooting up from the basement through a cold air shaft. She awakened Mrs. Jackson who hastened downstairs to telephone the fire department. Guest in Home. Martin, visiting in Des Moines as a guest of the family, was aroused by the maid's cries, also left his bedroom and hurried down stairs. Finding Mrs. Jackson nearly overcome by smoke, Martin took over the task of notifying the fire department Mrs. Jackson returned upstairs after her daughter. Mother and daughter, however, were unable to find their way through the dense smoke filling a second floor hallway and were forced to return to the bedroom. Realizing the, two women were trapped, Martin scaled a lattice to the front porch roof. Forcing open the bedroom window, Martin assisted Patricia through the window. He then carried Mrs. Jackson, who was semi-conscious, out the window to the roof. . Ladder Brought, Meanwhile, ;Mra, E. O. Jenkins, living across the street at 1010 Forty-fifth st., obtained a ladder and carried it, with the assistance of other neighbors, to the Jackson residence. The ladder was too short to reach to the roof, however. While neighbors were searching for a longer ladder, firemen arrived and assisted the two women and their rescuer to the ground. Mr. Jackson, head of the organ and piano department at Davidson's furniture store, had left home 15 minutes before the fire was discovered. The fire was extinguished by firemen after the house had been badly damaged by fire and smoke. The fire is believed to have been caused by a defect in the furnace. 6 ARE FREED Judges Exonerate Members of Bund Affiliate. NEW YORK, N. Y. UP) Five Judges of the supreme court appellate division in Brooklyn Friday unanimously exonerated six members of the German-American Settlement league, operators of ,Camp Siegfried, at Yaphank, Long Island, who were convicted of violating the civil rights law in Suffolk county last July. "No matter how great the desire to stamp out Naziism, the method taken must be within the law," the decision said. Leaders of the league, an affiliate of the German-American bund, were accused of conducting a se cret oath-taking society without ruing a list of members with the secretary of state. APPROVES SUBWAY. WASHINGTON. D. C 7P Administrator Ickes Friday signed a contract covering a PWA grant of $18,000,000 to Chicago to help finance a $40,000,000 subway. PLACE YOUR SUNDAY WANT AD EARLY! Want ads received by noon today are published in all editions of the big Des Moines Sunday Register want ad section and go to more than 300,000 Iowans. Phone 3-2111 NOW and let an experienced ad taker help you or bring your ad to the want ad counter in the lobby of The Register and Tribune building. Register Stata Photo, Sheriff Lcland A. Fry. -Shot in Gun Fight. Fourth Child Dead After Auto Crash The fourth victim in one family of an auto accident Wednesday night north of Indianola, la., died Friday. Jeanette Campbell, 7, sue- cumbed at Broadlawns General hospital at 7:20 p. m. of a skull fracture she suffered in the accident on Highway 65. Crash on Bridge. Jeanette, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Lyle Campbell, of 1506 Beaver ave., was returning home with her mother and five other Campbell children when their machine and a truck collided on a bridge. Two of the children, Lyle, Jr., 20, and Richard, 11, were killed outright and Thomas, 13, died Thursday of his injuries. A fifth child, Patricia, and Mrs. Campbell were severely Injured. jr ' Funeral Todayrj Funeral services for the four children will be held at 10 a. m. today at the Overton Funeral home at Indianola. The Rev. Wallace Esslngham, pastor of St Luke's Episcopal church, will officiate. "5t The four victims will be burled in one large grave at the Indianola cemetery. Mrs. Campbell, under care at the family residence, lapsed In unconsciousness Friday night when told of the death of Jeanette and Thomas. She had been informed before of the death of the other two song killed In the accident. At a late hour Mrs. Campbell's condition was unimproved. Two physicians were summoned to her bedside. She suffered severe shock and deep chest lacerations in the accident. Jeanette's death brought to 19 the number of persons who have died In Iowa since last Sunday following auto accidents. The week, worst in the year for highway fatalities, saw the state motor vehicle department set back in its hope for a reduction of 100 fatalities this year under the 1937 total. An Inquest on the accident, which occurred on the Middle river bridge, was continued until 9 a. m. Monday by Coroner C. H. Mitchell of Warren county after eight witnesses had been examined Friday afternoon at Indianola. Questioned by J. Berkley Wil- Child Continued on Page Four. I Register Stat Photo. wounded Sheriff Leland A. Fry, Garrison, la., in which Crowe Grover Cleveland's Sister Dies at 95. NEW YORK, N. Y. UP) Mrs. Susan Cleveland Yeomans, 95, the only survivor of five sisters and three brothers of former President Grover Cleveland, died Friday. She was an enthusiastic defender of President Roosevelt, whom she often likened to her brother. Keenly interested in national events, Mrs. Yeomans in 1937 pleaded for the "co-operation and harmony of true statesmanship instead of political wrangling" to safeguard national recovery. She advocated that a president serve an eight-year term and not be allowed re-election. She was a strong anti-suffragist, and voted only once in her life. Her vote went to John W. Davis, Democratic presidential nominee in 1924. She was a life-long member of the W.C.T.U. BANDITS PAINT FACES. TAMPA, FLA. (IP) One man was shot and wounded Friday in a holdup of the Garcia & Vega cigar factory here by two white men with faces painted black. They escaped with $10,000. He Fed Them Opera 'Faust' Out of a Can RICHMOND, VA. CP)-Vladi-mir Shavitch, Russian-American conductor, substituted two sound technicians and an intricate recording device Tor operatic accompaniment and presented Gounod's Faust here Friday night. The only discordant note came from the musician's union, members of which regard the innovation of partially "canned opera" a distinct threat to their future security. 'Synchro-Opera.' Shavitch, who introduced his "synchro-opera" first in London, England, last year on a small scale, had the approval of the stage-hands' union whose international r e p r e s e ntative, Harry Rose, came here from New York, N. Y., watched a dress rehearsal and remarked: "If a thing like this results In giving more work to more stage hands, I'm for it." Musicians and stage hands usually stand together In disputes. Except for the almost empty orchestra pit, the opera was essentially the same as any other production of Faust in English, except that Felix Brentano, production manager, took his staging ideas from the theater instead of conventional grand opera. Chorus Recorded. Gounod's music was there, but it was the recorded music of Sir Thomas Beechman's London Philharmonic orchestra. The choral work, too, by the Covent Garden (English) chorus was dubbed in on the sound track and the ensemble mouthed in pantomime. The principals Faus, Mephis-topheles. Marguerite, Martha and the others did their own vocalizing, with Shavitch giving cues from the orchestra pit. EARTH SHAKES FAIRFAX, S. D. UP) Earth tremors were reported Friday afternoon in a large section of south central South Dakota and north central Nebraska. Towns where the shock was reported are Lake Andes, Fairfax, Dallas, Gregory and Burke in South "Dakota and Spencer and Butte in Nebraska. , GOOD 'JOCKEY' -is. Peter Bell and His Son, Jackie, 2. It's Slow, but They Get There. Boy, 2, Ends Trip Across U. S. on Dad's Back. SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. UP) Two-year-old Jackie Bell arrived here Friday on his third transcontinental trip astride a knapsack on his father's back. The father, Peter P. Bell, 30, former Wadesboro, La., farmer, and a widower, has tramped from Job to job the length and breadth of the land during the last year. Jackie has accompanied him everywhere north to New York, N. Y., west to Seattle, Wash., south to Los Angeles, Cal., east to Wadesboro and west again to San Francisco. "Jackie is much better as a jockey than I am as a horse," said the father. BACK TO EARTH Two Learn Plane Wedding Over Sea Is Illegal. LOS ANGELES, CAL. UP) A marriage ceremony performed by the skipper of an airliner is not legal, Superior Judge Thomas Gould ruled Friday in the case of Edward I. Von Glatte, 32, and his bride, Jane Webster Von Glatte, 25. Last July, they flew three miles up and three miles out from the California coastline in a United Air Lines passenger ship and were married by Capt. Richard Bow. man. IOWAN APPEALS SWEARING FINE Nick Yanich of Sioux City, la., Friday appealed to the Iowa supreme court from a S15 fine assessed against him last Oct, 25, for using profane language, X l it Posse Surrounds House After Shooting . m A' L f7 ' ,5. 'i' "X( rr i l rxnV - - : I J. rl.i-, u Within half an hour after Leak Crowe had shot and critically a posse of more than 100 armed men had surrounded the house at 'had barricaded himself,

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