Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas on July 10, 1944 · Page 4
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Pampa Daily News from Pampa, Texas · Page 4

Pampa, Texas
Issue Date:
Monday, July 10, 1944
Page 4
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(ttfnpa Newt ftittftto » It* AT*., P«mp* dCDtttttent*, TEO PRESS « IOIA' - -_ . 51>» AMoclated P««i «A to the ui* for Rabin dfcl>»tcb« e«<!h*d ertdited to thb paper refttiir »«** pablMiinl bereft Pitas* Pelt OUlc* u lee- OttttW. itr 1 hoi» RATES P»mp» ZB« t>« v . V I SSiflrt. W.OO P«t »lx month«. 1 . ftMcii *cc*pt«d In localltle* delfrn*. . 6(:entll - 0 . Cammtm . the p««§.*ort t>nm«v»t, t gl*« the (i*n of democracy. By Go« I *!ll accept nothing -which nil cdnnot h»»e tnelt of on "" •""•• >••'—" —WAT.T WHITMAN. Whiskers in the White House Sfdmebody figured out the other 'day that Thomas E. Dewey, if elect- «efl, would be the first mustached .president in 32 years. That is in- "teresting as far as it goes, but it doesn't go far enough. After all, the subject of whiskers in the White House is not one to be dismissed »casually. So, without splitting hairs over the matter, we propose today U> give iStoU a somewhat fuller exploration "attd documentation. In the first place, It should be noted that Mr. Dewey's mustache Is quite in the tradition of his party. For the first presidential whiskers came to the White House on the chin of the first Republican presl- /dcnt, Abraham Lincoln. Before that, the people of the United States had elected smooth-faced presidents .•with monotonous regularity for 72 years, from Washington to Buch'•;" ahan. (Sideburns don't count in our statistics.) .'-'' Since Lincoln there have been a *•• dozen Republican presidents, and • three different Democratic incumbents. And a non-partisan total shows that the smooth-faced chief 1 ' executives are In the minority 7 to 8. 1 In fact, until Woodrow Wilson started the clean-shaven vogue in 1912, whiskers of assorted sizes and 'colors had been a familiar sight at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue except in the administrations of Andrew Johnson and William McKlnley. • -There's no dodging the fact that 'whiskers are pretty much of a Republican prerogative. Grover Cleveland was the first and only Democrat of the post-Lincoln period who didn't give the barber carte blanche. He also was the first president to confine himself to a mustache. Of 'the 13 Republicans, eight were either strangers to the razor or had only a scraping acquaintance. As to styles, the presidential whiskers may be classified thus—chin , whiskers, Lincoln; full beards, Grant, Hayes, Garfield, Harrison; mustaches, Clevlejand, Theodore Roosevelt, Taft. The mustaches might be subdivided as follows— i .handlebar* Cleveland and Taft; i scraggly, Roosevelt. That leaves Chester A. Arthur unaccounted for. He sported that fanciest spinach of them all—the shaved-chin style also affected by General Burnside. Emperor Franz Josef of Austria, and the creator of Swamp Root Tonic. Beards figured in two close elections and broke even. Beardeded Rutherford B. Hayes beat smooth- shaven Samuel J. Tilden by a whisker in the House of Representatives. But the elegant chin adornment of Charles Evans Huges couldn't save his early lead over Wilson in the 1916 race. , That's all. We just thought you ought to know. -i : —BACK THE FIFTH Bonds and Ballyhoo At a bond rally of the New York Curb Exchange, Fred C. Mof f att, its president, expressed the opinion that "stark reports from the battle fronts" rather than "theatricals'" should be the persuasive factor in the sale of War Bonds. Many will agree with him. There Is certainly a great deal of incongruity in bond-iselling promotion, ranging from the theme of war's full tragedy and horror to such ballyhoo as three-way big league ball games and glorified bank-night auctions. The Treasury Department is known to deplore the bad taste of some bond-selling methods, its own campaign for advertisers is invariably dignified, and it s,till believes that individual solicitation is the most potent sales method. But the Treasury knows that different people need different kinds of persuasion to make them reach for their pocketbooks. It also knows that though some workers may use an awkpard or undignified approach, their patriotism is unquestioned and their results satisfac tory. BACK THE FIFTH The Nation's Press ^END-LEASE GONE HAYWIRE r (The Chicago Tribune) Lend-lease officials, the Associ- , feted Press reports from Washington, are working on a scheme to continue lend-lease to Russia after the war for the rebuilding of its industrial plants. , The post-war shipments will not |>e gifts, as our present lend-lease geems to be regarded by our allies, 'if not yet by ourselves. The sup' piles will be turned over to the Russians on credit. This system is already being applied on such equipment as electrical generators, which will have a -long life of peace time use after the war. They «re being charged to the Russians. The argument advanced for the i scheme is one that the American public is undoubtedly going to hear ft great deal more about. It Is asserted that these shipments will , "prevent a post-war slump In many Jines of manufacture and permit factories now busy on war orders : to continue their activities. Unless '"' we are eventually paid for the goods, of course, the same effect ; would be obtained by dumping them in the sea. The United States should certainly do everything it can to fos- i ter trade after the war with Rus• sia. The natural limitation on that i t^ade is the ability of Russia to pay ' for what we ship to her, In money 1 pr materials, either immediately :'pr over a term of years. The Rus- shlpments are being made on t, but no wformatloi;h£f been , M ™comUig as to wbst^sort of ;,jfe4At Russia has established in this .uwians can xresent within Is Patriotism? We hear lots of different claims nowadays as to what patriotism Is. During war times people afe Inclined to regard those engaged In wrar as the only patriots. It Is trtie that If the war Js one that has not been provoked by arbitrary laws, but Is one of defense, the soldier Is a very real patriot. The most useful patriotism, lowever, comes from promoting rinclples and freedom and an uti- lerstanding thnt reduces or ellm- nates war. The real patriot is he man who teaches how to live ogether in freedom anfl nnd harmony. He Is quite often Ihe man who is condemned because he reuses to sanction certain forms of discriminatory laws which lend to jppression and exploitation. True patriotism is very similar o true Christianity. As the late Everett Dean Martin said, the Sermon on the Mount and the Declaration of Independence were about the same thing. Both of hem promoted the natural right? of man. Or it is the man, as James Rus- tell Lowell observes who Is not a slave to public opinion and dares o be in the right with two or .hree. The true patriot Is the man «rho gives of his time and energy to defend the helpless and make It Dossible for all people to use their .alents to the full In seeking happiness. In short, the greatest patriot Is one who promotes goo<i ivill among mankind that result- in peace. Mo Neutrality Dante Is quoted as saying, "The nottest places In Hell are reserved 'or those who, In a period of moral crisis, maintain their neutrality." No one would contend that this tolumn or this newspaper has oeen neutral. It has Invariably taken the unpopular side because the future must always be considered as well as the present. The momentarily pleasant way of doing things is usually the popular way but the most costly way In the long run; ' Since truth always wins when intelligently presented, It must be the duty of some to-point out the later disadvantages of the things that for the moment look pleasant, tt Is only with foresight that we prosper. , As Herbert Spencer said, "It is 1 for each to utter that which he, sincerely believes to be true and add his unit or influence to all other units of influence and let the results work themselves out." MAYBE ITS Leaves From The Editor's Notebook Now that Congressmen and Senators are home for the hustings, they are going to have one argument for reelection that will top all others: legislation lor benefits to ex-service men. When this war Is over, there will be approximately 13,000,000 men and. women who have seen enough ser» vice to participate In benfits. That's about 10 pet cent of our total population. Legislation now ready for the men and women who are being mustered out in increasing numbers daily is far greater than most people think. Mail inquiries I receive here convince me that few discharged veterans know all they Save coming to them. t * * So for the O. I.'s, here are some pointers: Take any of your problems, from hospltallzatlon to job placement, and discuss them first with your local Veteran's Administration bureau. The Veteran's Administration has been authorized a half billion dollars for additional hospitals and hospital beds. Its up to them to see that not one veteran goes without proper medical attention for as long as he needs it. Primarily, it also is their responsibility to see that every returning veteran gets his old job back, If he wants it, or another one if he desires a change. Actually this work will be done through the TJ. S. Employment Service. In each local USES there will be a Veteran's Placement Service board. » « * In almost every instance where claims are denied; jobs not obtained; hospitallzation not provided; or other benefits passsci over, there are provisions for appeal out of which should come a minimum of injustices. Veterans can a!so step right into completion of l-.ign school or college educations, buy a home or a farm or even finance a private business, with government aid. They can collect unemployment benefits if they cnn't find jobs, and can get cash help II their jobs pay them less than $100 a month. They can maintain their insurance. They can repair homes with government funds; stock their farms and buy machinery the same way. They, get mustering out'pay ranging from $100 to -$300. In case of death In the service and service-connected, their widows nd families receive from $25 to $65 month. Non-service connected eaths will result :n pensions from 18 to $45 a month. In both in- tances, there nrz additional payments for families with more than munition in the hands of our allies. There is nothing in the Jend-lease act to authorize the use of lend- lease funds for post-war rehabilitation of other nations. Congress, in fact, thought it was excluding such activities by an amendment to the recent extension of the lend-lease act. The amendment, proposed by Representatives Wadsworth and Mundt, Republicans, provided that the President cannot, in making any final letid-lease settlement, "assume or incur any obligation on the part of the United States with respect to post-war economic or post-war military policy, except in accordance with nstahllshnd constitutional procedure." It was the very evident intention of congress in passing this amendment that lend-lease should be lend-lease and not a post-war Christmas stocking. The Roosevelt administration has gone blithely ahead with its present program as if it had statutory authority for it when, as a matter of fact, the only statute bearing on the subject was intended to be a prohibition of just such action. Nor has congress authorized— and it is virtually certain that it would hot authorize, if it were asked—the engagement of the government in post-war, export trade. The lend-lease credit shipments to Russia are a scheme to confine export orders to deserving Democrats. There is no reason why the government should be an intermediary in such trade. If Russia has orders to place and the credit to justify shipments, post-vrar trade with that country should be handled by the corporations thM make the goods, not by a government agency. BACK THE FIFTH FAST AIRPLANE CARRIERS (Denver Post) The United States navy wasn't making any Idle boast when it announced last week that the carrier task force it has organized is the most powerful thing of the kind in history. After administur- ing a crushing defeat to a Jap fleet west of the Marianas, this carrier force moved up to within 753 miles of Tokyo last Thursday and Friday, and dealt the Japs another blow when it attacked Iwo Jima Island in the Bonins, destroying at laast eighty-two Jap planes and sinking or .damaging nineteen small surface craft. That's giving the Japs a taste of what is in store for the main islands of Japan. The fact that the navy is using carrier task forces to strike at the Inner Island line of Jap defenses shows how confident American navy heads are of thejr naval superiority. A few years ago, airplane carriers were regarded as the most vulnerable of all surface ships. But our navy has so many of them now, and they are so fast and well protected that it has adopted and is getting away with the daring strategy pf making them the backbone of an offensive force. That policy elemin- ates a lot of the Island hopping which otherwise would be necessary to get at the vitals of Japan DISTINCTIONS (Fort Wayne News-Sentlnel) Of all the men mentioned as 1944 Residential nominee on either ioket. onlv PS?—Rocr"""'* '"• • millionaire. Only one—Rooseven>- ha§ ever caused a memorial to pe erected to himself. Onjy pne— Roosevelt—has had a continuous "red Ink" record throughout njs cweer la wWto ?{««• O^-§nf™ fHt *UNNY BUSINESS PAMPA assigned four men to yard duty—but we only had one lawn mower 1" News Behind The News The National Whirligig By RAY TUCKER CIRCUIT—The selection of Robert E. Hannegan as President Roosevelt's "front man" at the Chicago convention has been interpreted as a direct slap at Vice President Henry A. Wallace. The new lational chairman will master-mind ;he fourth-term "draft" in the same way that Harry Hopkins engineered the third-term attempt four years ago. Mr. Hannegan has been extremely vocal In demanding P.D.R.'s re- nomination. Indeed, he has suggested that the President, if re-elected, may run again in 1948. But he has been extremely bearish on the low- an's chance of being renamed for second place on the ticket. Recently the national chairman made a swing around the political circuit to become acquainted with his job and his job-holders. He returned to Wa'shington with private word that he had found no sentiment for renominatiori of the Vice President. He explained that the Party workers were dead set against another helping for Henry. to solve these vastly Important problems, and if he Insists privately on the agriculturist's renomlnation, Mr. Wallace may get it. On the other hand, whom will the Democrats put up as an alternative? In short, it begins to look as if the yogi mystic has wormed his way into the Democratic bosom, whether Mr. Hannegan likes It or not. ' >ne child. -BACK THE FIFTH- OFFICE CAT Matron (posing tor photo)—Pardon, mo! What will they coma to? Photographer—Sixty-five dollars • dozen, now look pleasant, please! —o— An electrically-driven abrasive machine had to be used to remove lipstick from the marble walls of Radio City In New York. For removing It from the face, a wad of steel-wool will do. —o— A MAN'S CHARACER IS KNOWN BY THE WAV HE SPENDS HIS LEISURE MOMENTS. —o—> Little Bobby came home from kindergarten wildly excited over the story of the landing of the Pilgrims, which he told In great detail to Nana. Grandmother—And what was the name of the boat they came in? Little Bobby (hesitating)—Let's see . . . Oh, I know, the Cauliflower! —o— We wanted a horse for hunting and at last found one that look his fancy: He—That's a nice-looking animal. U he a good jumper? Dealer—Jumping, Is It? My dear sir, If you wa.nt to keep that horse In any field you'll have to put a lid on it. —o— An old Scotchman was smoking In the waiting 1 room of a railway station.. A-;porter said to him: Porter—Don't you see that sign on the wall: "NO SMOKING ALLOWED"? Scotchman—Yes, I do, but how can I keep all your rules? There's another on the wall, "WEAR JANEKLA CORSETS." —o— A man In the State Insane Hospital was dangling a stick with a piece of string attached over a flower pot. A visitor approached, and wish- Ing to be affable, remarked: Visitor—How many have you caught? Lunatic (?)—You are the ninth. —o— If you want your dreams to coma true, don't oversleep. —o— Sambo—Why is It dat a black cow gives 'jrhite milk which makes yellow butter? Rastus—Cat's easy; fo' de same rca- * * BOSSES — The reasons behind son dey dat blackberries Is green. Is red when Hannegan's conclusions are obvious. He met hardboiled Democratic politicians. They did not like the way Mr. Wallace was forced down their throats four years ago. They do not relish the prospect that the lowan, a former Republican, may become Chief Executive in the event a Roosevelt-Wallace slate Is elected and P.D.R. eventually retires from the high office. In short, Mr. Hannegan talked only with the bosses. He did not confer with the Hillmans, the Browders and other radical and labol leaders who insist that the Vice Presidential leftist be the running mate of P.D.R. He does not realize perhaps, that Henry is supposed to corral the pink vote while the Chief Executive poses as a great conservative. * * * SECRETS—PresirVnt Roosevelt's most important political problem right now is to decide whether to rename or reject the man who made corn grow so high "out in Iowa." It ranks next to key questions involving prosecution of the war in Normandy and on the island of Sai- pau. He wants to make a decision one way or the other before his cohorts assemble In Chicago on July 19. Mr. Wallace's political debits and assets have been listed. But there is another factor in his favor. He, will soon return from a good-will mission to Russia and China, where he posed as ambassador of the President with the latter's permission. He discussed, more than is generally known, serious military and diplomatic matters with Stalin's Siberian representatives and with Chiang Kai-shek — subjects which may remain secret until the Inside history of this war is written many years hence. * * * MYSTIC—He wanted to discover —and he probably did—why Chiang will not cooperate with northern Chinese Communists in a unified defense of their country against Japanese onslaughts. It is the big interrogation point of the oriental conflict. Unless their disputes are solved, Tokyo may knock china out of the war completely and postpone our final conquest of Japan for several years. No one yet knows whether undiplomatic Henry was able to compose these difficulties. But if F.D.R. releases a White House statement to the effect that the V.P. helped * * * STALIN—Russia's smooth sweep through the German defenses in the east has aroused some uneasiness In London and Washing>n. Military experts have Informed President Roosevelt and Secretary of State Hull that the Wehrmacht could have erected a far stiffer resistance against the Red Army had t chosen. They have shown in dc;ail where the defenders made mls- ;akes with seeming deliberation. The answer seems to be that Hitler intends to let the forces of Stalin get chief credit for winning the war. He wants the Cossacks to march into Berlin in advance of British Tommies or American G. I. Joes, which may explain why his disheartened and poorly supplied units are battling so fiercely in Normandy and in Italy. Hitler, according to our best diplomatic informants, has several reasons for preferring a Russian to an Anglo-American .victory. He may think that Germany can wrest better terms from Moscow. He may figure that Stalin, who has a greater interest in the Reich's economic future than Churchill or Roosevelt, would go light on him. A megalomaniac, he may seek, as he suggested in Mehi. Kampf, to drag the whole world down with him. He may want to bring Communism to the French shores of the English Channel as'a permanent and consuming threat to Western democracy. Around Bollywood By ERSKINE JOHNSON The hardest part of motion pictures Is getting In them. Ask Walter Slezak, the gentleman who scored such a hit as the Nazi submarine captain In "Lifeboat." S.u.<5h goings-on. He was mistaken for' his father, congratulated on a screen test he never made, and once discovered • to his horror that his ageht had lost him In a golf game. • Walter Slezak tried to get In pictures for 12 long years. Made yearly trips to Hollywood between plays on Broadway. Changed agents almost as often as he changed shirts. But nothing happened until director Leo McCarey remembered him In a play he'd seen in 1932 and cast him as a monocled baron In "Once Upon a Honeymoon," Then it was a riot. Eight agents tried to sign him. What Walter Slezak has to say today about Hollywood agents cannot be printed in full. And you can't blame him. They kicked him around during those 12 years until his morale wns almost atthe breaking point. That golf game, for instance: "I was under contract to this agent for almost a year without even hearing from his," Walter said. "Then I came to Hollywood on one of my annual trips from Broadway, went to his office and his girl directed me to another agent. 'He's representing you now,' she said. Later I learned my agent had run out of money while playing golf, had bet me against a client owned by this other agent. My agent lost by a putt." LOOK WHAT YOU MISSED! Walter hasn't since seen this gent who lost hint in that golf game but he's anxious to meet up with him— to show him his salary checks from Sam Goldwyn for his current role with Bob Hope in "The Princess and the Pirate." Also from a few other acting chores in- "Till We Meet Again, 1 ' "Lifeboat" and "Step Lively." "Then there was that time Walter was congratulated on the excellence of a screen test he didn't make. One of his agents succeeded in getting him a screen test at MGM. The test was to be made with an important European opera star, also new to the screen. But after three weeks of rehearsing the test, the studio decided the opera star never would be able to act and cancelled the test Slezak was lost in the shuffle. Leaving the lot, he bumped into his big shot agent, walking with studio boss Louis B. Mayer. "Hello, 1 beamed the agent to Walter. "I saw your test in the projection room this morning and you were great—terrific!" ' Walter said he didn't have the heart to ask how the agent coulc have seen a test that was not pu on film. He just nodded his head and said nothing. "Next day," he said. "I got rid of. that phony." SING ANYHOW.AVALTER On another occasion still anothe -BACK THE FIFTH- War Today | By tteWfTT MacKfcftzlE Associated Press War Analyst This has been a gratifying week- ind for Allied arms the world around, with .substantial victories ecorded in Normandy and Russia, ind American completion of the >loody conquest of the strategic is- and of Salpan in the Central Pac- fic. The Allies have made important _rogress in Normandy. They finally lave ripped the German battle-line oose from its bitterly defended an- hors at both ends. The Canadians ind British took the ancient city jf Caen on the Nazi eastern flank after 35 days of hell, while the Americans captured La Haye du 3 uits on the western wing in the ace of stubborn resistance. The fall of Caen Is of particular mportance because this inland port and railway center was the key joint of the German defense of the >eninstila. Had we been able to take ,hls stronghold early in the inva- :ion, it would have made a great difference in our progress In break- ng into the French hinterland— >rogress which the Allied command lad hoped would be much further ahead than it is now. However,! supreme Allied head-' quarters cautions us not to regard ihe victory at Caen as a major defeat of the Germans in the field, although It is a "serious reverse." The significance of the capture of 3aen and La Haye du Puits Is that It paves the way for the decisive battle which we must win before we can free the peninsula of the enemy and thereby enable our forces to reach the open . roads to Paris and Berlin. This great clash may be expected soon. —BACK THE-FIFTH- IS MILLION DOLLARS OVER HOUSTON, July 8— (/P)—On the last day of the Fifth War Loan drive, bond sales in Harris county today totalled $95,000,898 or $1S,- 625,892 over the goal, war bond headquarters announced. 18,. (54*. FalelulHour Confronting Adolf Hiiler By KIRKF, LL. SIMPSON Associated tress War Analyst, Imperative necessity of shortening;. Nazi battle fronts drastically sotae* where to meet the triple AllWd 'at* tack from East, South and Ndrth was forcing the German High .Command at the week end toward de- , clslons that must go far to shape ;he nature of the war in the crltl* cal months before winter closes down again in Europe. The cumulative effect of three- front warfare attrition was sapping enemy reserves in both manpower and materiel in Isaly and Franse, but most of all in Russia and Poland. . It left him small choice but wholesale retreat certainly in the East, probably in the SSouth and possibly n the West *,o stand selge within the inner ramparts of his tottering .continental fortress. There can be no doubt that it the sweeping Russian breakthrough from White Russia to converge on every key communication junction in Poland and the lower Baltic States from Brest-LHovsk to Dvinsk was not aided by a German attempt to fall back slowly to the Bug-Baltic inner defense line from which the. attack on Ruiisla was launched; It represents the major nazl defeat of the war. The Baltic Ftatrs and Finland are all but lost now to Germany. In the West her effort to contain the allied Invasion bridgehead in mandy is rising to Its crisis. agent telephoned Walter and told him to rush right over to a certain studio. "You're up for a great part, 1 said the agent. Walter rushed over to the studio and was rushed to a stage where .a 100-plece symphony orchestra was tuning up. "We'd like to hear you sing," said one of the. executives. "But I don't sing," said Walter, blankly. "Don't kid us," said the executive. "What would you like to sing. You can take your choice." It finally became clear that the agent and the studio had confused Walter with his father, Leo Slezak, who once sang starring roles at the Metropolitan. For the sake of the record, Walter Slezak is very happy with his cur- Kor- Only commitment of"major Nazi strategic icserves to decisive battle in that most remote ti;eatre on the Western front conceivably could wall off General Eisehower's ever growing invasion nrmy. That German commanders in Italy and in the'.East are desperately pleading for ^reinforcements H)SO goes without'say- Ing. ' . Russian forces were less than 100 miles from Germany's own frontiers in East Prussia at the week end. -BACK THE FIFTU- rent agent, a Gardner. chap named Jack STATE OVEH TOP DALLAS, Julv 8—(/P)—Texas' exceeded its $464,000,000 Fifth' War Loan quota today with more than $25,000,000 to spare. . .-: State Chairman Nathan Adams of the War Finance Committee of Texas said that the $125,000,000 Series E Quota for the state has not been attained, however, and ' tm- phaslzed that the sale of E Bonds, as well as F's and G's through the remainder of the month will ' be counted on Fifth War Loan totals. , BAPK THE FIFTH — QUOTAS OVERStlBSCRiBEt)^ CORSICANA; July 8—</P)—Corsicana and Navarro county had oversubscribed their fifth war loan quota of $2,975,000 today with bond sales totaling $3,144,271. ,. & By Victoria Wblfi ifcSFFFiiKf, To"«, NBA service, Jnc. So They Say We've developed the game of where strategy has taken the place of muscle and condition and maybe we've lost something in the process. Lei's get these boys in shape and maybe at the same time we can teach them that it's hard work and discipline that makes a winner.— Clarence W. Spears, U. of Maryland football coach. * * * . There is still a tough fight ahead of us. The warls not yet won; it will be won the sooner if everybody in war work sticks to his job till complete victory has been attained. —General Marshal, Admiral King, General Arnold. * * ••'.•'•.:• We clearly have air supremacy over the battle zone and its environs. German air strength even over Industrial points in Germany appears to be approaching a state of thinness.—Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson. * * *f • • - • During the past year more than three million babies were born in the United States with the lowest maternal and infant death rates in oui' hisory—and this In the midst of war! The wartime health picture of our country is most satisfactory.—Dr. Herman Kretschmer, president American Medical Association. -- U/vi:K TIIK CENTER NATIVE DIES HOUSTON, . July 8— Mary Truitt Ross, 69, grandmother of screen actress Nan Grey, died at her home here today. She was born at Center where she lived for many years. Peter Edson's Column: AN' WHAT'LL YE HAVE, MY LADS? By S. BURTON HEATH There appears to be some misunderstanding about the war production holiday that Donald Nelson has granted to distillers for the month of August. In case you happen to be Interested, here are some facts about it. The nation's distillers can—and probably will — make about 20 million gallons of 190-proof firewater during August. By the time that has been 'watered down to potable liquor it will be enough, in theory, to make 200 million "fifths" of rye and Bourbon and gin. That sounds like a lot, and really il ain't hay. But it's a lot less than you might think, and besides it's purely hypothetical. In 1942 it requited 92 million gallons pf whisky and 37 millions of neutral spirits to wet the national whistle. That is more than six wn ^t can ')e distilled during the August holiday. In '1843 we put 66 million gallons of whisky and 25 millions of neutral spirits down the hatch— more ur times what can be made in than 18 million gallons of whisky and almost nine millions of neutral spirits. Mr. Nelson and the War Production Board are not putting the distillers back into the whisky business. All they did was say, in effect; "In October, 1942. we made you giv e up producing whisky and begin making industrial alcohol because we needed your facilities. Now we can spare you for one month. It's up to you—and the War Foods Administration—what you do with that month. "You can close shop and give all the boys ami gins a vacation, or you can make whisky—if you cart get grain for it—or you can make blending spirits." The distillers aren't going to take a vacation. Neither are they going to make much Bourbon. Corn is too scarce and too much needed for other purposes. They can make rye, because rye grain is relatively plentiful. Some will do that. Others will make neutral spirits—powerful grain alcoaoi such as few have even in the first four months of r ,' ^hUe we. sap ^plater loudly Jhaj wMSH' «puW$ he w considered drlnkjng since probity- 1 us dr|pklng tral spirits more than they-dfl whisky right now. '•• ~ There are close to 270anillion gallons of whisky in storage—a four year supply at the rate it has been withdrawn since the first of the year. But on Mann 3 we had only 17,500,000 gallons ot blending spirits, and that was loss than enough, even at current low rates of consumption, to last through this year. If we use up our blending spirits and do not replace therfli we shall all be forced onto p. dl^t.of straight whisky. So far as quality goes, that should be no hardship. But It would raise the dickens with quantity. Over all, the whisky that we buy has about to every brands vary from bottled In boiid with no neutral spirits to one vejry popular trademark that is only ojie- third whisky, *-he rest being neutral spirits. As long as we have plenty ° f blending spiriU, the 'whisky ajre&dy in storage can be expanded to keep two parts of neutral spirits Jive part of whisky. The tton was repealed Neutral spirits can, be used t. to fortify Wines pr to bii 'es. As " " • :;":".m ( gularly tf^ot plen fee fatui*p4 « .HPHERE was only one thing for me to do after the telegram from the Navy Department: WE REGRET TO INFORM YOU THAT YOUR HUSBAND, HOW- 'ARD MOORE, WAS, KILLED IN ACTION. ... I enlisted in the Red Cross. The decision was very simple. It was in fact the simplest decision of my whole life, gave his life for his country; what shall I do with mine? No one needs me now.' But the country needs nurses. People, right and left, call me brave. They are wrong. It's not bravery. It's escape into sorr»3- thing more useful than I am. As long as Howard and I lived together I was only concerned about our private happiness. And when he enlisted, -though beyond the age limit, I agreed because a woman has to agree. But, in her heart, can a woman be hjnpy or proud that her love leaves for danger? Happy and proud, words for great speeches in public! I was always jealous of his love for the sea, and I have always hidden my jealousy for this my rival. Howard didn't like small feelings, though he never made a fuss about big ones. He never talked about what niigh't come later, saying: "If it should happen to me, you should . . ." But I know that his death has a silent message for me and I follow it. So where does bravery come in? It's all so natural and simple. Turn on the radio any time and you hear; "Our country needs nurses. Three thousand nurses each month." It is good if someone needs you. I don^t_feel_ so Ipnely any more, s ~ * * _* T HE Chief Nurse of the Red Cross Headquarters had a major's authority, a private's waistline, and a Prussian general's looks. While I talked, she listened and scribbled notes on a block of yellow paper, finally saying, "Your case isn't simple." "What case on earth do you think is simple?" That made her ptop scribbling. "We only accept American certificates, you see. Your French one is not final here." I can easily understand everyone's distrust of French effectiveness and I don't mind if I have to be the victim of this distrust. Jloward used to say the French couldn't do a single thing completely, They didn't even collapse completely. 'i did not go into detail and explain tliat I am not French-born, nor did I enlarge on the all too complicated history of my oft- phangeS citizenship. I only/agreed that It would indeed be simpler if I had been born in Brooklyn and, has* graduated from a U. S 'school of nursing, ^*V«»_i '-r .fl,.. * *%. Illustrated by Ed Gunder The Chief Nurse had a major's authority, a private's, waistline, and a Prussian general's looks. "Your case isn't simple," she said. three months? Time is a vital factor nowadays." Perhaps this platitude did tho rick. The Major became Iriend- ier and picked up the phone. "I have a volunteer here," she said, 'somehow different. Please come down for a moment." While we were silently waiting, she con- ;inued writing. It was a woman's office—without the "touch." Florence Nightingale's photo adorned one wall, a Red Cross poster on another, and a calendar on a third. When the doctor appeared, the room at once became full with Mm. He was very tall and rapid in movement and speech—one of those fine and rare doctors whom you immediately trust and obey I explained my case again Having handled many more intricate situation:, his decision came quickly. Three months' hospital training and then the usual final examination for graduation "Are you ready to report tomorrow morning at Dr. McCormick's office, St. Luke's Hospital, South Spring tStreet?" * * I was ready, ten days I am jn a haze of iodine, garbplic acid, ether day, made an unflattering but in* ; spiring remark: "You see, dis« trust is a safe guess." • ••'• :•' I wonder wheiner a young girlj who hasn't seen much of life, lasn't experienced love and destlv :an make a good nurse. I think,: a woman must undergo a ment$.' raining before she is truly fit Wr this vocation. A training which neither school nor philosophy can live, only life. I was different a few years ago when I had my first training course in the Red Cross Hospital n Paris. The times were differ" ent, and circumstances, too. It was Hitlei who made me volunteei for the Red Cross then. ' Hitler and the cruelties he per*- petrated. My father had died in. a concentration camp. I was hor» : rifled and bewildered. I wanteij to heal the wounds which th^ Nazis were inflicting. But I was too young. My youth hadn't tlys stamina. I had dreams and wishes and hopes and believed in 1UO and its miracles, in spite of ' .allt And when I me'; Howard, who was on a business trip throvigb, Europe, I fell Jn love with him) abandoned my job, end we mar* ried three weeks later. W<? had ten good yews jn bjj country ?U for ourselves,- £{933? \ am, vsa<Jy to, live fcjr,

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