The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on February 16, 1961 · Page 17
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 17

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, February 16, 1961
Page 17
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Guard Guard Armory i Free House 6 P. M. George Washington, Sam Houston, Names on Immortal Roster Early Leaders Set Citizen-Soldier Standards for Duty in Peace or War At Fairgrounds — Everyone Invited George Washington, at the age of 22, commanded a Virginia Militia regiment in the French and Indian Wars. Even as _a young man, Washington believed in a principle which he later in life expressed in these words: "Every citizen who enjoys the protection of a free government owes not only a portion of his property but even of hia personal services to the defense of it." Today, George Washington's Birthday is also widely observed as "National Guard Muster Day." On "Muster Day" the National Guard salutes the memory of the First President militiaman in the "civilian-soldier" tradition. * * * Sam Houston is remembered chiefly as the nrclii- t e c t of Tex'"as Independence. Less known is that following War of 1812 service under General Andrew Jackson he became the Adjutant General of Tennessee. He was Tennessee's No. ,1 soldier from '1818 until 1823 when he entered the United States Congress. * * * . In the Mexican War a cry. rang'out above the dm of battle • on a fatsf UKday.Sat Budna -Vista, "Stand Fast, Mississippians!", This was the beginning of the legend of the famed Mississippi Rifles whose commander was — Colonel Jeff Davis. * * * . Pitted against each other under the grim sky at Antietam on September 17, 1862, were the OUth New York and the 4th Alabama. It was a fitting symbol of the Nation re-united when these two regiments, redcsig-. nated the 165th Infantry (New York) and 167th Infantry (Alabama) fought shoulder-to-shoulder in France during World War I, with the famed 42nd Rainbow Division. "We are young men of promising pasts, but durned uncertain futures," a young soldier wrote in Ohio Rainbow Review. By the time the Armistice brought WWI to a close the Rainbow Division was among those, rated as toughest by the German High Command. Six of the eight "toughest" were National Guard divisions. The 1940-41 mobilization of the'Guard immediately doubled the size ofithe Army. Nearly- 80*,000 Guardsmen were commissioned officers by the time they left active .service. Twenty WWII Guardsmen earned the nation's' highest award for valor, the Medal of Honor. The first Guardsmen to see action in World War II were "tankers and coast artillerymen who fought valiantly in the fall of the Philippines. Artillerymen from Texas were diverted to the Dutch East Indies where many volunteered 'for duty as B-17 gunners in the early, grim days of "too little, too late." * * * Nine National Guard Divisions saw service in the Pacific and nine went to the"ETO. The only U. S. WWII division with a name instead of a number was the "Americal" (for Americans in New Caledonia). The hard core of this division, which saved Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, were National Guard regiments from North Dakota, Massachusetts, and Illinois. * * "* In looking back at 34 campaigns, seven assault landings in WWII, Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson remarked, "The soldiers of the National Guard fought in every action in which the Army ; participated fronVBataan to;Okinawa.,T.hey •made*a 1; *brilHant'record'oh every fightings front. They proved once more the value of the trained; citizen-soldier." At Arlington, Virginia, the Colors were •symbolically returned to the States by President Harry S. Truman on November 11, 194'6. As he .launched the post - war National Guard into the era of the Cold War, he fiaid, "I return these colors to the National Guard. I hope they will use them to train young men in the i interests of peace and in the welfare of the country. "And," added the onclime captain of artillery of the Missouri National Guard, "I am sure they will do just that." From 44 federally-recognized •individuals enrolled in the National Guard jn June, 194G, the membership sWelled to 309,489 (including 44,728 in the Air National Guard) at the time of the outbreak of hostilities in Korea,-four years later. * * * Called up in the "partial mobilization" of ( the Guard for Korea: Approximately one-third of the Army National Guard, about 85'/ 0 of the Air Guard. California's 40th Division and Oklahoma's 45th Division were soon on the battle line in Korea. From Arkansas and Texas the 136th Fighter-Bomber Wing was early into the fight. It was not until February 1956, two and a half years after the Armistice that the last National Guard unit called in the emergency was released to State control. '* * * During 4 ' 1960 both Army and Air National Guard units took part in important training exercises conducted by the active forces. For the Air Guard there was "Op- ei-ation Bright Star/Pine Cone III," an impor- 1 tant tactical air support test. The Tactical Air Force employed was commanded by a New Jersey Air Guardsman, Brigadier General Donald J. Strait. Another major accomplishment was the airlift of a complete Utah Army National Guard Artillery battalion from Hill Air Force Base (Ogden) to Puerto Rico, 3,500 mjles. This was in "Operation Big Slam/ Puerto Pine," and marked the first airlift of an Army National Guard battalio n-size force over a great distance in an Active Army maneuver. The exercise was a lOO'/i success and prompted a Utah ncwspa- Iicrmnn to write, "We can no longer think of the National Guard as a Monday night sanctuary for . . . (our) . . . young men . . . Different is the fact that tlioy can now board an airplane and be on a foreign shore w i t h i n hours, equipped and ready to defend freedom . . ." West Points' Now Pipeline Trained Officers Into National Guard ALGONA UNDERERS & DRY CLEANERS Prompt Pickup & Delivery Service Headquarters Exclusive For StaNu ALGONA, IOWA ALGONA PLUMBING & HEATING AWJQNA, IOWA V(r/afS,mim/7/fMfSfffSfs/f/sfsss^//^^^ ALG PRODUCE Processors — Wholesalers — Distributors ALGONA, IOWA ROBINSON CONST. C GENERAL CONTRACTING Sioux Steel Buildings Hwy. 18 East CY 4-3374 , ALGONA, IOWA IOWA Safe — Confidential ALGONA, IOWA From 47 "Little West Points" throughout the United States a bumper crop of 2,900 new second lieutenants have graduated into the Army National Guard in the past three years. These . now junior leaders of the Guard are comparable in number to five graduating classes of the U. S. Military Academy at West Point. Every American knows about the famed West Point on the Hudson — that venerable institution that has turned out so many of our nation's m i 1 i- tary leaders —• but few are r „ v „<••. aware of the 47 Gen. Kerr ,, Lltt , e Wegt Points" now turning out tomorrow's leaders for the Army National Guard. These are State-operated Officer Candidate Schools, designed to meet the Army Guard's growing need for qualified junior officers. "The World War II officer is moving into field grade and senior bfficer category," says Maj. : Gen. Clayton . P. Kerr, Assistant Chief i'or Army' of the National Guard Bureau, "and our Korea veterans, too, are ready to move up. We have now a good, vigorous program that will provide a steady stream of new platoon leaders and company commanders." This program represents a brand new concept in officer training for the civilian soldiers of the Guard. In 1950 only one State — Massachusetts — had such a school in operation. Today the figure has mushroomed to include 46 States plus the District of Columbia and the ultimate goal is to get 50 States and Puerto Rico into the program. Gone arc the days when a young National Guardsman could earn a commission simply by taking a series of IT. S. Army extension courses. Today he must first undergo six months of active duty basic training before he can be considered for a commission. Then, if he meets the rigid screening requirements, he may attend Officer Candidate School. Although the "schools vary slightly from State to State, the average _ length of an OCS course is one year, running from the beginning of one two- week summer field training period to the end of the next, and encompassing about, five week-end sessions in between — a total of 38 to 40 days of intensive school training. All 47 schools are fully accredited by the U. S. Army Infantry School at Fort Benning, Ga., and all follow the same course of instruction. The rigid screening which Jv i. t &?* CHIN IN! Cadet at a National Guard Officer Candidate School is "braced" by an upper classman. School program is underway in 47 States. precedes selection continues throughout the course. While "hazing" is not practiced, can- , didates soon learn that they ai'e engaged in a serious business and tUit only the best among them will finish the course. Spit and polish, discipline, character development, and brain-power are the bywords of the system, the sole purpose of which is to produce officers who are well-rounded. Officers Go To School Graduation is always a proud moment for candidates, for it means not only a commission in the Army National Guard, but in the Reserve of the United States Army as well. Gold bars, however,, do not mark an end to the education of a new second lieutenant in the Guard. Most States require • fficers to attend their active Army branch schools within two years after commissioning, and National Guard Bureau regulations require such schooling as a prerequisite for promotion on up through the ranks. For those Guardsmen who can take enough time away from civilian pursuits, active Army OCS still presents an excellent opportunity to earn a commis- v sion. Most Guardsmen — especially thosei .whQ. have just ..completed _ a longi.;peijk>d of active duty basic training — simply do not have this much time to spare, however, and this is why the State OCS program came into being in the first place: it was designed to provide first- rate officer training to Guardsmen in their spare time. "This year more than a thousand young Army National Guardsmen will earn their commissions through this State- operated OCS system," says Gen. Kerr. "Their training has • been excellent and, just as important, their future is almost unlimited. Cbrrcnt promotion policies present better promotion opportunities to young officers than • at any time in the past ten years." LINDSAY SOFT WATE 'For The Best In Soft Water" \, 'IOWA I y7J77/fi0JJS/JSJM BUSCHER BROS. MinneapoliSfMoline — Papec — Kelly Ryan — New Idea Farm Equipment ALGONA, IOWA OSSUTH TOR CO. Your Dependable Chevrolet Dealer ALGONA, IOWA LIVINGS! TOOL CO. Manufacturers Of "Super Speed" Tools ALGONA, IOWA North Central Public Service Co. "Your GAS Company" ALGONA, IOWA NORTON MACHINE WORKS Manufacturers Of "Jiffy" Tools ALGONA, IOWA MMM^^ PIONEER HI-BRED RN CO. Producers 0f Famous Pioneer Hybrid Corn AL60NA, IOWA I SECURITY STATE BANK The Friendly Bank ALGONA, IOWA i UNIVERSAL MFG. CO. Authorized FORD Reconditioncrs /ALGONA, IOWA ~77^77/77/<///77,7/^//t^ff/y/7//S,7///7/7/7/fJ/;7/s/, WEIDENHOFF CORPORATION Manufacturers of Electronic Testing Equipment ALGONA, IOWA VIKING OIL CO. GAS - FUEL OIL - FIRESTONE TIRIS ACCESSORIES ALGONA, IOWA

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