The Algona Upper Dea Moines, Algona, Iowa, Dec. 14,1933 Corn_ - Hog Agreements Will Include Penalty for Violations CONTRACT WILL BE BRIEFJQUITABLE Four Printed Pages Will Include Application and Contract in Concise Form 1K> APPLICATIONS RECEIVED AS YET Miter's Note— This to an article «n the corn-hog program prepared by G. A. Bonnstetter, county ag> ent, and the Extension Service of Iowa State College to five readers of this paper a concise summary of the fundamental facts back of the program, what It Is and what It proposes to do. The corn-hog reduction contract announced by Secretary Wallace last week to designed to be as fair as possible to all farmers, to secure a real adjustment In production and to provide the Individual with a fair payment In return for his reduction. The form la relatively simple, both the application and contract being Included In four printed pages. The contract calls for a redaction In the corn acreage of 20 per cent below the average acreage planted to corn for 1932-33. The producer, may, however, retire from corn production as many acres in excess of 20 per cent as he desires, but the benefit payment will be Biade only on an amount up to 30 per cent unless otherwise authorized by the Secretary of Agriculture. Will Reduce Litters The signer of the contract also agrees *o reduce In 1934 the number of hog Utters farrowed on his farm, and farrowed by hogs owned by him not located on his farm, 25 per cent below the annual average number of litters In 1832 and 1933. He also agrees to reduce the number of hogs marketed from 1934 litters 25 per cent below the annual average number of hogs marketed hi 1932-33. No application blanks have been received in Kossuth county as yet, ft was stated Tuesday. A dlctrict supervisor of the corn-hog plan is Ase here on Thursday, and will go •rar plans with the county agent, It was also teamed. The producer also agrees not to increase the following in 1934: the total acreage of crops planted for harvest plus contracted acres; the acreage planted to each crop designated as a basic commodity in the Agricultural Adjustment Act; the total acreage of feed crops of any kind; or, the number of any kind of livestock designated as a basic commodity In the Agricultural Adjustment Act. A farmer signing the contract must not Increase any of these items above the 1932 or 1933 amount, whichever is larger. The producer also agrees not to Increase the number of feeder pigs bought in 3934 above the average number in 1932 and 1933. The basic agricultural commodities named in the Agricultural Adjustment Act passed by congress include wheat, cotton, field corn, hogs, rice, tobacco and milk and its products. Signers of the contracts also agree •ot to Increase in 1934 the total corn acreage of land owned, operated or controlled by them which Is not covered by the corn-hog reduction contract. The contracted, or rented acres may be used only as prescribed by administrative rulings. Unless otherwise, authorized, the farmer shall not use the contracted acres except for planting additional permanent pasture, for soil Improving and erosion preventing crops not to be harvested, for fallowing, for weed eradication or for planting farm woodlots. Authorized Agents Welcome The fanner agrees that any authorized agent of the corn-hog control associations or of the Secretary of Agriculture may have free access to his farm or to any records regardless of where located pertaining to the production or sale of any of the basic farm commodities. The contract specifies that the signer •annot sell or assign, In whole or in part, the contract or his claim to benefit payments under the contract. The contract also requires that the signer •perate the farm throughout 1934, except as exempted by administrative ruling. This means that the contract Is drawn up for the farm on which the tenant will live next year. In return for the performance of the producer, the Secretary of Agriculture, •n behalf of the united States, agrees to make a corn benefit payment for each contracted acre equal to 30 cents per bushel of the average yield of corn on that land minus the pro-rata share of the administrative expenses of the county corn-hog control association. Fifteen cents per bushel will be paid a* soon as possible after the contract Is accepted and 15 cents per bushel on or after Nov. 15, 1934. The hog benefit payments will amount to »5 a head on the hogs the farmer Is allowed to raise In 1934 un- dtr the contract. This payment also is subject to a deduction of the pro- rata share of the administrative expenses of the county corn-hog control association. As soon after the contract is accepted as practical, $2 per head will be paid, $1 per head on or about Nov. 15, 1934 and $2 per head on or about P< If the number of hogs in 1934 litters marketed or held *" ar! «""* Jan. 1, 1935, is' in excess of the number to which the producer Ifi entitled, *w per head on each of the excess hogs will be deducted from the benefit payment Or the secretary may requh-e luoh excess to be disposed of as he directs. For failure to comply with the contract, the secretary also may declare of the contract will be given next week. THE USES OF CORN INDUSTRIAL AND CITY USES id?. HORSES AND M ft? 17% INDUSTRIAL AND CITY USES CTHEB NORSES AND BEEF CATTLE AND SHEEP 20% — 1914 1924 - IQ29 Hogs now consume nearly one-half of the annual corn crop in the United States. Most of the corn released by the decline of eleven million head of torses and mules on the farms and in the cities during the past twenty years has been diverted to hog feeding. This chart indicates the necessity for an adjustment In corn production, at least sufficient to correspond with any reduction in hog numbers. A sub- i with respect to other livestock, and stantlal reduction hi corn—the main eventually production of more livestock feed supply for hogs—will help bring will be stimulated to higher and less the supply of hogs into better balance profitable levels. But the Agricultural with effective demand and it will help Adjustment Act seeks a net reduction in ra'se the purchasing power of corn. If agricultural production, not a shift. Accorn production is not reduced by an amount sufficient to compensate for the reduction hi hogs, corn supplies available for other purposes will Increase substantially; corn prices will decline reage of corn, therefore, is the important key to the corn-hog production problem. The sound solution is to scale down the production of both corn and hogs. UNITED STATES EXPORTS OF HOG PRODUCTS (Each hog represents 1,000.000 head.) The accompanying graph constitutes a vivid explanation of one reason why the prices for corn and hogs have been so low the last few years. The main reason is the severe decline in the export demand for United States hog products since the 1919 peak. In 1910-14, European nations took the equivalent of nearly six million hogs. This was only a moderate export level, but the total United States hog production at that time was in good balance with the combined domestic and foreign demand. | Under the stimulus of the World War, foreign purchases of our hog products jumped to the equivalent of about seventeen million hogs. But since the war our .exports have dropped back again to the equivalent of about four minion hogs, mils decline has been due to a rapid restoration of hog production in European countries since the war, particularly in Germany and Denmark and more recently because of tariffs and of quotas which limit the quantity of imports. I Meanwhile, hog production in the ' I United States has continued to increase at about the same rate as the population. Consequently, the products no longer shipped abroad have become excess products on the home market and have driven down-hog prices. Some ad- I justment to this change demand must be made if hog prices are to be raised 1 to a more favorable level. The corn- hog production-control program, now being offered by the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, will help | farmers bring about this necessary bet- 1 ter balance. Buying Power of Hogs L I \ Articles Farmers Buy 1914 * 1920. 1930. Cost In Terms of (100 pounds each) Based on the fair exchange relationship with prices of things farmers buy, hogs during the past decade have had materially less purchasing power than they had in the pre-war period. In 1933, It took about eight hogs to buy what three hogs would buy in the 191014 period as indicated above. In all the years since 1920-21 excepting in 1925-26 when there was a temporary reduction in hog supply, the purchasing power of hogs has been on a general downward trend. In 1932, the fair exchange value of hogs was $7.75 per hundredweight. The prices of things fanners buy averaged ! slightly above their pre-war level. But ' the actual farm price of hogs in 1932 I was only $3.47 per hundredweight, or $4.28 below fair exchange value Fair exchange value means the prewar price for hogs only when the price of things farmers buy is at the pre-war level. If the prices of things farmers buy become double their pre-war level, Uien the fair exchange value will be double the pre-war price of hogs. The corn-hog production adjustment program under the Agricultural Adjustment Act seeks to raise hog prices to the current fair exchange value. This may be done by bringing production into better balance with the most profitable demand through a reduction in 1934 of 25 percent in hog production and 20 percent in corn acreage. Farm Adjustment News A digest of current developments In the agricultural recovery program. R. M. Evans, Laurens, chairman of the Iowa Corn-Hog Committee, has announced the appointment of district representatlvas of the state committee. These field men will work with extension specialists, county agents and local county corn-hog committees in explaining the plan and the contract to the farmers. » » » Sign-up meetings will be held In practically every township in the state where the contracts will be explained and farmers will have a chance to sign. » » • A new development In the Agricultural Adjustment program is a nationwide experiment in the use of land. Farmers who have crop reduction contracts to certain sections will be permitted to remove their poor land from production Instead of 'average land" specified in the contracts if their farms are located in one of 10 areas where the soil erosion service has astabUahed erosion prevention projects. A farmer substituting poorer land for average land, of course, will be required to substitute enough of the poor land to equal the productivity of the amount of "average land" that would be removed from production under the contracts. If 6 acres of the average land would grow as much of a crop as 10 acres of the sub-marginal land, the farmer would have to take 10 acres of the poor land out of production for every 5 acres of average land called for under the contract. • « • Practically every county in Iowa now has completed the preliminary series of educational meetings at which county agents and others working on the program have explained the economic reasons making the corn-hog program desirable and how the program proposes to get at the fundamental aliments of agriculture. • » • M*ny farmers are wonderlntr whether they have to pav the processing tax on pork they butcher on the farm. V the meat is used for consumption by their own family or by their hired hands, the farmer does not need to pay the processing tax. The tax must be paid, however, on any meat sold. This tax Is collected and the law enforced through the nearest Internal revenue colletcor, from which proper forms for making reports and tax payments may be secured. Fined $25 Each on Cigarette Charge Two fines of $25 and costs were assessed against the Titus Service Station and the Walburg Barbecue stand, Algona, on charges of selling cigarettes to minors. Both places stated that they were not aware that the purchasers were under age. The cases were heard in Mayor Specht's court last Thursday. First Lutheran Church M. A. SJoatrand, pastor The annual meeting of the Woman's Mislsonary society will be held tomorrow afternoon at 2:30 in Luther Hall. Sunday School and Bible class next Sunday at 10 a. m. Vesper worship next Sunday at 7:30. Let's have a large attendance at our evening services as well a* at our morning worship. KOSSUTH FARMS AND FOLKS By Will Harris, Farm Editor Corn is gradually working up In price, due, no doubt, to the scarcity of corn being sold. It is safe to count on the market reaching 45 cents In the near future as a result of the federal loan. Who will sell for less than 45 cento, when he can seal his corn, borrow that same 45 cents and still have the corn to sell If the cents? Farm recovery Will Harris price exceeds 45 used nails; they just don't seem to drive without bending. —o— Nick Thllges has recovered from the beating he received at the hands of nn assailant on his farm south of Whittemore. The culprit has not been caught. zaar, given by the Presbyterian Ladies' Aid last Saturday evening, amounted to about $90. cannot be brought about in a day or a month. The progress to date has been remarkable, but there is much more to be done. The sealing cannot all be done at once. The required papers are somewhat complicated. Business men of the county are noticing a slight Improvement In trade conditions as a result of the corn loans. It appears that meat packers are placing a serious obstacle In the path of farm recovery. Prom good authority I understand that the government is about ready to take the packers in hand and give them a lesson In cooperation and fair play. —o— M. L. Roney of Irvlngton brought a mare over to the Farmers Elevator last weefc to have her weighed. Before he put her on the scales several of us took a guess at her poundage. Alvln Weber manned the scales, and when all wan over, it was reported that ye olde farme editorre had estimated the weight to the exact ounce. But, honestly, it was only a guess I Henry Seller of St. Benedict aided Frank Eisenbarth one day last week in butchering a hog. Mr. Seller has been bothered with rheumatism lately and hasn't been able to do as much work as before. Nasty affliction—this rheumatism. Albert Metzger traded In his old model T Ford last Saturday on a later model. Al is farming the F. J. Metzger place in Plum Creek township. Mrs. Leo Arndorfer of Prairie town- chip Is having great success with her hens this winter. Good feed and a warm shed tell the story. It takes a lot of corn-shelling every day to feed the flock, but hand shelling is a great way to keep warm on sub-zero days. I speak here from experience. Henry Arndorfer of Prairie hooked his team of gray mules onto his hen house Monday and moved it to a new location closer to the house. How those mules can pull II Henry claims that one of them can outpull an ordinary team. Harry Bode Is about the busiest man on two feet these days. His is a great task, and he knows It. Ralph Yanser built a new hen house last week on the farm north of Sexton. Ralph has a little trouble with Irvln Bauman was an Algona visitor one day last week. Miss Hulva Sanden spent the week end with friends at Mason City. Mr. and Mrs. Ben Farrow were Algona visitors Sunday afternoon. Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Gutknecht were Algona visitors last Wednesday. Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Barger spent Friday with relatives at Fort Dodge. Mrs. S. P. Powers and Mrs. Wade Ball spent last Wednesday at Algona. The Henry Olthoff family drove to Blue Earth last Wednesday, where they they went to see Santa Glaus and the parade. The proceeds of the supper and ba- Coal The cheapest and best fuel. We have the good coals that you need. Lump coal at $7.50 per ton and up. Call us for good service Botsford Lumber Co. Jim Pool, Mgr. Phone 256. Mrs. F. L. Tribon will hold a big rurmnage sale in the old A. & P. building, Thursday, Friday and Saturday, Dee- ember 14, 15 and 16. You will find most everything in this sale. Ladies' and children's coats, ladies' and children's wool sweaters, a lot of extra good quality silk dresses at a low price, kimonas, underwear. Two tables of lovely gifts, selling for 25c and 50c Candles and candlesticks on this table, dresser-sets, hairbrushes, perfume and many other things; and here is your chance to buy Christmas cards. These were left from the Rice Gift Shop. They are the finest paper with lined envelopes. Lovely colorings, engraved cards. You won't find finer cards sold anywhere and very, very cheap. I will have some furniture, bridge lamps, table lamps and lamp shades and other pieces of furniture which will make nice Christmas gifts. Remember the place, A. & P. building, the time, Thursday, Friday and Saturday. Mrs. F. L. Tribon FARM SALE As I am going to quit farming and move to town, I will sell all of my farm equipment, livestock, etc, at public auction on WEDNESDAY, DEC. 20 Sale Starts at 12 o'clock I am located 3 miles south from Algona on Highway 169 and one-half mile west. There will be a hot lunch on the grounds. 50 - Head of Cattle - 50 16 head of good milch cows—four are giving milk now, some will be fresh by day of sale, the others will be fresh in January. Most of these are young cows. Two heifers that will be fresh in January. 14 calves 4 to 7 montils old. One Shorthorn bull. Five steers, coming 3 years old. Five steers, coming 2 years old. Five yearling steers. Two yearling heifers. 10 - Head of Horses -10 1 black mare, 7 years old, wt. 1500; 1 bay mare, 7 years old, wt. 1500; 1 bay mare, 10 years old, wt. 1500; 1 bay gelding, 10 years old, wt. 1500; 1 bay gelding, 10 years old, wt. 1700; 1 bay mare, 11 years old, wt. 1700; 1 bay mare, 10 years old, wt. 1550; 1 black gelding, coming four, wt. 1450; 1 brown gelding, 13 years old, wt. 1350; 1 Shetland pony, 10 years old. Machinery and Equipment 1 Deerlng grain binder; 1 Deering com binder; 1 end gate seeder with gross seed attachment; 1 bob sled; 1 hand corn sheller; 1 McCormick-Deering 10-20 tractor in A-l condition; 1 McCormlck-Deerlng tank corn picker; 1 five horsepower gas engine; 1 twelve ft. seeder with gross attachment; 1 McCormick-Deering cream separator No. 4; 1 DeLaval cream separator No. 15; 4 sets of harness; 6 hog troughs; 1 bicycle; 1 eight by sixteen fr,. hen house; 2 wagons with triple boxes; 1 wagon and rack; 1 two row McCormick- Deering cultivator; 3 single row cultivators; 2 ten ft. discs—John Deere and McCormick-Deering; 2 twenty ft. drags; 1 drag cart; 1 eight ft. spring tooth harrow; 1 manure spreader; 1 McCormlck mower; 1 disc truck; 1 McCormlck-Deerlng corn planter; 1 John Deere corn planter; 1 John Deere sulky plow; 1 Rock Island sulky plow; 1 Oliver tractor two-bottom plow; one 1% ton truck; 1 barrel cart; 1 grindstone; 1 eight inch feed grinder. Also 250 hens, 23 tons of wild hay, 18 tons of alfalfa, 12 tons of timo- othy and 50 tons of silage. GEORGE J. STEWART LOU MATEBN, Auctioneer Iowa State Bank, Clerk. Terras, cash.
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