The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on November 12, 1949 · Page 1
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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 1

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Des Moines, Iowa
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Saturday, November 12, 1949
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How to Find It: Comics Market 1 Cooking . Radie It Editorials 4 HMtkw It THE WEATHER. . Clearing and cooler. High 4t; low tonight SO. Diminishing winds late in day. THE NEWSPAPER IOWA DEPENDS UPON TTDWV K ri?MTG wu isi, DES MOINES, IOWA, SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 12, 1949. FOURTEEN PAGES Enl.arid u Mrnod-eUM mtttu Oct IS, 191. St to port attic at Du Mouus, lavs, usdst us Act ot sUna i, 1S79L J. u v.us K-i n, 4h. TOPE ) U Mm On at John Green Sneaks to a Midnight Meeting With Lewis. Lewis Sells Section 7 A to the 'Brain Trusters Did Lewis Plan to Punch Hutcheson in the Face? A Historic Sunday Breakfast 8aul D. Alinsky, author of the book "John L. Lewis" publish rd by O. P. Putnam's Sons, from which the articles are taken, is a widefy known authority and writer on problems of human behavior. For the last It years, he has maintained a close personal friendship with Lewis. The book is an independent study, not bound by any commitments. By'Saul D. Alinsky. (Copyright, 1949 ) INSTALLMENT III. The egg of the C.I.O. was fertilized in the dark shadows of an areaway on Fifty-fifth street, New York City. Attending the conception were John L. Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers, and William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor. The one knew that the C.I.O. had been conceived, the other didn't. It was April, 1933. Green had met Lewis at 11 o'clock that night outside the Hotel St. Regis. Fae Hidden Like a Fugitive's. His coat collar was pulled up and his hat brim was pulled down, his face hidden like a fugitive's. Green and Lewis had been having union controversies and Lewis had been engineering some high-powered political moves, so Green didn't want to be seen with him. , He was afraid of old-line reaction in the A.F.L. They Talked for 2 Honrs. Steering Lewis away from brightly lighted streets, Green brought him to the shsdowy deserted areaway. There they talked lor two hours. Lewis, bubbling with good news, tried to inspire Green to action. Hs told him that the National Recovery act had been planned and that it was going to include a little section called 7A, labor's Magna Carta. That section was going to give bargain collectively. "Let's Take It Easy," Green Says. Lewis told Green that now was the time to put on a tremendous organization drive, now was the time to discard trade unionism for industrial unionism, now was the time to move into the basic mass industries of steel, autos, rubber, everything. Green hedged, hesitated. "Now, John," he said, "let s taks it easy." Years later, after the C.I.O. was a reality and a militant force, Lewis declared: 'It was that night that I knew, and knew it irrevocably, that industrial unionization would never come out of the A.F.L. It was then and there that I knew it was up to me. "The die of the C.I.O. was In that dark areaway on Fifty-fifth street. I went to bed and the next day I began to plan the C.I.O." Lewis had known for a long time that one day he would oigan-ize the vast masses of unskilled workers. He had known it when he was a young man in Lucas, la., when he was a mere fledgling being coached in oratory by his wife, when he was a minor official in'islation that would give workers the U.M.W. He had known it when the U.M.W. actually forced the A.F.L. to grant the miners a charter. Handpicked by Gompers. He had even been handpicked by the great Samuel Gompers, founder of the A.F.L., to forestall a trend toward industrial unionism. In those days, the novice Lewis sat at the feet of the "Old Master" and learned. But in the end hs had rejected trade unionism. Lewis had seen the A.F.L. chop Its membership into so many small crafts that no individual union could ram a solid battering log in Its negotiations with management. Weakened U.M.W. He had seen this craft unionism weaken his own U.M.W. during the terrible twenties. Over and over again, Lewis had heard the coal operators tell him that the miners were getting higher wages than the unorganized steel workers, the unorganized rubber workers. What did the miners want T The Bitter Lesson. Lewis had learned the bitter lesson that as long as great masses of workers were unorganized it would be impossible for those who were organized to achieve legitimate goals. His dreams brought him to the tragedy of the Great Depression. The very life of organized labor was at stake. As labor leaders huddled together in their common misery and made plans for further retreat, John L. Lewis prepared to attack. He had the idea that this was Man L. Lewis labor the right to organize and ! cast in those early morning hours ! the time to unionize all America. By 1932 Lewis and his attorney, Jett Lauck, were fighting for leg. the right to organize and bargain collectively. It would put the law on the side of organized labor. 'Brain Truster' Moley Asks Lewis for Help With the New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt came Raymond Molev. the first of the "brain trusters," and he asked Lewis: for suggestions. j Lewis, of course, hit him with! his idea for labor law. Administration thinking began to run along the lines of the NRA and foremost among those inter ested in such a program were T5 j n ' j ui, Johnson. Met at Baruch's Home, In the spring of 1933, Lewis wormed his way Into the meeting of top Industrialists at Baruch's; home. It was there that the NRA was born. And in it was Section 7 A. Lewis fought for the inclusion of this Magna Carta of labor and he got k. Actually, 7A was the birth certificate of the C.I.O. "Section 7A," Lewis once said, "was the most important single move essential to opening the way for a nationwide organizational campaign of Industrial unionism." It was this plan that Bill Green rejected. Section 7A became Lewis' Holy Grail and he was determined that his quest would be successful. He fought to rally the support lewis Continued oa Page Two, HOOVER PLAN TO BE PUSHED BY IOWA UNIT Taxpayers' Parley Asks Debt Cut. By C. C. Clifton. The Iowa Taxpayers association Friday condemned governmental deficit spending, surrender of local control to federal government, and pressure group influence over public officials. They created an Iowa committee for support of the Hoover commission's recommendations for reorganization of and economy in the federal government at the annual meeting at Hotel Fort Des Moines. Francis Johnson, Arnolds Park, former speaker of the Iowa house of representative s. and former president of the JOHNSON. taxpayers association and the Iowa Farm bureau, was elected chairman of the Iowa citizens committee to support adoption of the Hoover report. He told the organizing group, "some of the recommendations already have been adopted. I would like to see all of them adopted. But they won't be unless somebody does some work toward that end." Re-Elect Directors. All association directors whose terms expire were re-elected for three-year terms. The board met after adjournment of the meeting to re-elect John S. Heffner, Web ster City, president, and the other association officers. Resolutions of the fifteenth annual meeting urged the immediate ending of deficit financing by federal, state and local governments. "Increasing the public debt in times of peace and prosperity," they said, "can end only In disaster." The resolutions also expressed the association's belief that constantly increasing taxes eventually will destroy private enterprise. "Cost of government must be reduced." they said, "or we shall face immediate threat of state socialism. Individual Responsibility. The resolutions further advocated individual responsibility instead of group social security. "When all of us have been guaranteed security beyond what we ourselves , provide," they said, "then there can be no security." Finally, the resolutions advised candidates not to make advance promises to pressure groups, self-seeking organizations, or agencies appealing to sympathy only. Dr. Harold G. Moullon, Washington, D. C, president of the TAXPAYERS Continued on Page Two. Leaves 8 Million to Art Foundation MINEOLA, N. Y. UP Solomon R. Guggenheim, 88, the multi- i millionaire copper tycoon, willed more than 8 million dollars to his modern ait foundation. This was disclosed Thursday 'hen his 65-page will was filed for probate here. He died Nov. 3. The bulk of his estate (not estimated) was left to his widow, Irene, to be passed on at her death to his children and grandchildren. Guggenheim gave the art foundation a parcel of land on Fifth avenue, New York City, for a new building. He suggested that the foundation set aside 2 million dollars to construct the new mu seum. S.U.i:$ 'Bachelor' Hails From Arizona IOWA CITY, IA. UP) George Dixon, Tucson, Ariz., Friday night was named the most eligible bachelor at the State University of Iowa's annual girl-take-boy dance, the "Spinsters Spree." HURT AS TRUCK HITS UNDERPASS A rented truck carrying a load of furniture Friday smashed into the interurban underpass on Bird-land drive at Second avenue, injuring a man riding in the rear of the truck. In serious condition at Mercy hospital was Charles H. Davis, 26, of 3516 Fourth St., who suffered severe head injuries. The truck was driven by Davis' brother, Robert, 21, of 3604 Fifth ave. First Trip. Robert said he and his brother were moving some furniture to his home at 3604 Fifth ave. They had just rented the truck from the Brown Truck Leasing Co. and were making their first trip. Robert said he was going "about 85 miles an hour" when the accident occurred. The impact was so great that almost all the furniture was smashed, The bridge was raised 5 inches and pushed 15 inches out of alignment. Bits of furniture was scattered over the road. Trucks Prohibited. Signs at both ends of Birdland drive prohibit trucks, but Robert said, "I've driven down here with my car so often I must have forgot about the signs." Charles was taken to Mercy hospital by a passing motorist, S. P. Albright, 3007 ITniversity ave. The accident occurred about 4 p. m. The bed of the truck was ripped from the chassis and virtually demolished. Police said no charges will be filed against Davis. 'Captain' Truman j Is a Full Colonel Leased Wire from The AT. y. Timet. ST. LOUIS, MO. Some American Legionnaires were startled Friday to hear Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson refer to President Truman as "Colonel Truman." Some wondered when Captain Truman of Battery D of the 35th division in World War I was promoted. A check of the record, however, showed that the president has held the rank of colonel in the field artillery, army reserve, since 1927. LEANING TOWER LISTS. PISA, ITALY UP The leaning tower of Pisa, already 16',a feet out of plumb, has listed another three-tenths of an inch in the last 12 years, measurements showed Friday. , IS IT SAFE TO COME DOWN? j Big Demand For Franklin Apartments Demand for quarters in the new Franklin Court apartments on Franklin avenue west of Forty- ninth street far exceeds the supply. When the 43-building development is completed at a cost of $1,431,000 it will contain 172 apartments. "Applications for more than four times this many apartments have been received," a spokesman for the Franklin Management Co. reported Friday. Ready In December. The first 52 apartments will be ready for occupancy sometime in December. Applicants who have signed leases for them will be permitted to move in when the apartments are ready, though the leases all will (late from Jan. 1 on this group of 52. Another 100 apartments, it is expected, will be ready for leasing on Mar. 1 and the remaining 20 on Apr. 1. Landscaping of the 10-acre apartment area will be completed in the spring. All of the 172 apartments will be either one or two bedroom units. The one bedroom apartments will rent for $84 which includes all utilities except electricity. The two bedroom units will rent for $100 or $102, depending on whether they have a small front porch. An additional charge of $1.75 a month for gas is made for the two-bedroom apartments. This extra fee is fixed by FHA (federal housing administration), the Franklin Management Co., reports. What it amounts to is a partial payment on the gas for heating and cooking. Garage Rents. Apartment and garage rents are fixed by FHA which is guar anteeing the mortgage for the project, There will be 81 garages when the entsfe project is completed. They'll rent for $6.50 a month. Reserved parking spaces inside the apartment area will be provided for other tenants. Builders sre the Rosoff Co., New York, N. Y. Construction was started late in July and is about five weeks ahead of schedule. All of the 43 buildings will be enclosed by next week. Good Iweather has been a factor in the rapid progress on the project. LIGHTNING SETS HOME ON FIRE ' " Lightning struck the residence iof Dr. .Tnhn C. Feulino 4Mft Ashby ave., during a thunderstorm late Thursday night, destroying a chimney and setting fire to the house. Firemen said the family escaped injury but was driven out into the rain by the fire, which burned a large hole in the roof of the l'j-story brick building. The damage was estimated at between $1,000 and $1,500. Accident Victim's Injuries Critical Francois Sferrazzo, 42, of 1146 Fifty-sixth st., operator of Francois' Beauty Salon at Youn-kers store, was in extremely critical condition in an Atlantic hospital Friday night as the result of an automobile collision. Joseph Cieuilla, a relative, from New York, N. Y., who was riding with Sferrazzo, also was injured but not seriously. The men were hurt when the car in which they were riding col- lided with a truck Thursday night a mile east of Adair, in Guthrie county. Their Signatures End Walkout & f President Philip Murray (left) of the C.I.O. United Steel-workers hands a pen to John Stephens, United States Steel Corp. vice-president, to sign the contract Friday night at Pittsburgh, Fenik, ending the 2day steel strike, WIBEFHOXO Iff). Canada Busy ZT3 OTTAWA, ONTARIO, CANADA (.Pi Canada is building a huge radar system that would give warning against possible air attack, a government white paper revealed Friday. The defense paper, outlining Canada's preparedness program, said radar stations costing from between $2,500,000 and $3,600,000 each are planned to give early warning of the approach of ene my aircraft so that jet fighters and anti-aircraft guns can be alerted. Some in the Arctic. There will be some stations in the vast northern territory. Most will be situated to protect big cuies ana Key targets. The Canadian white paper aid that though the threat of war between Russia and the West has abated during the last 18 months, Canada is continuing a full defense program. Heavy emphasis is being placed on air power, the paper said, and orders worth 75 million dollars have been placer" for this year for planes and parts almost four times the value of orders last year. Speaking ot tha country's role in the Atlantic defense system, the paper said the "defense of Canada and of western Europe are ultimately one operation." Equipment for Arctic. The paper, submitted to the house of commons by Defense Minister Brooke Claxton, reported preparations for possible fighting in the Arctic. The paper said the army had developed new snow-traveling sleds and vehicles, new antifreeze and heater caboose-like huts mounted on sleds and drawn by tractors for taking men and equipment Into areas of extreme cold. The white paper disclosed that Canada is negotiating with the United States for modification of rights to Newfoundland bases j granted the United States by j Britain during the last war on a , -car lease Dasis. Newfoundland was then a British colony. It became Canada's tenth province this year. Swapping of Arms. The white paper also said: "Discussions have been in progress for some time" in search of an agreement whereby Canada could ! give the United States Canadian- made military equipment in exchange for American equipment. Until agreement on exchange of equipment is reached, it continued, Canada is spending sparingly in dollars for American equipment because of its adverse balance of trade. Smog Descends On Detroit Area DETROIT. MICH. (JP) A heavy production. cloud of fog and smoke that j These imminent agreements caused almost continuous cough- would mean the end of the strike, ing settled down briefly ovar the With the United States Steel set-heavily industrial Delray area initlemcnt, an estimated 400,000 southwest Detroit early Friday.! men will have gone back to their Police Lieut. George Grady saidjjobs. Originally 500,000 workers no one manufacturing plant was; answered the strike call in the responsible. The cloud3 were due to unusually heavy atmosphere caused by climatic conditions, he said. ?V ' l -Art m PENSION GUARANTEED BY COMPANY Production to Start By Mid-week. By Stanley Levey. Leased Wire from Tha N. Y. Times. PITTSBURGH, PENN. The Unit3d States Steel Corp. and the United Steel Workers of America, C.I.O., came to terms here Friday night, ending a 42-day strike that had seriously threatened the na tion's economy. The settlement was signed at 8;05 p. m. The union took immediate steps to order 177,000 workers back to their jobs at midnight Friday and the company was prepared to get its long idle steel-making equipment back into operation. Inland Signs. Several hours later. Inland Steel Corp. announced a strike-ending agreement had been signed along the lines of the U. S, Steel contract. Inland Steel has 13.352 union employees in plants at East Chi cago, ind , and Chicago Heights, 111. X. S. steel mills are expected to Iks making steel by Tuesday or Wednesday of next week. Full production is to be resumed In five or six days. The giant corporation turns out ST per cent of the steel made In this country. I Settlement of the dispute, which I started on Oct. 1, ended the national character of the steel strike land meant that other medium-sized and small producers would fall into line in a matter of days. 2-Year Peace. It also guaranteed peace in. America's important basic industry for a two-year period, that being the term of the new contract. Philip Murray, union president, said he hoped to conclude an agreement with Wheeling Steel today and with Allegheny-Ludlum on Monday. t Peace talks with the Aluminum Company of America and with a number of other steel concerns were In the offing for midweek. Four smaller firms with a pay. roll of 21,000 settled on the same terms during the day. They are Colorado Fuel and Iron. 15,000 workers, Worth Steel, Wilmington, Del., 1,100; Follansbee (W, Va.) Steel, 1.200; Pickens-Mather, Duluth, Minn., 3,700. Already at Work. Other lop producers, Bethlehem, Republic, Jones and Laughhn, already have signed and resumed drive for an employer-financed pension program. Bethlehem Formula. The new contract with United States Steel follows the formula set up when the union broke the solid front of employer-resistance on Oct. 31 in reaching peace with the Bethlehem Steel company, second largest producer. That pact obligated the company to hear the cost of a program granting pensions of $100 a month to workers over STEEL Continued on Page Two. British Luring The Irish Girls LONDON, ENGLAND (&) The Irish came up Friday with a new grievance against England: Her tourists are hiring the chambermaids right out of Ireland's hotels. "Our staffs are like a lot of chickens," complained W. D. Rev-llle, chairman of the Irish Hotel federation. "You have to count them overnight to see how many are gone in the morning!" "Visitors from all over England come and stay in our hotels," he said. "They offer the girls ' 3 pounds ($8.40) a week, a bedroom of their own and a gramophone in the bedroom to come to England. I think it it a most scurrilous practice.'' 1 i. . L I L.: L. L. J X. j- .

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