The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on March 31, 1941 · Page 4
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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 4

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Des Moines, Iowa
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Monday, March 31, 1941
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Page 4
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MOVPAT, march I rc,T. roi R DES MOINES REGISTER. HOLES BORED IN BOTTOMS OF BOILERS- Torches, Axes and Chisels Used by Crews to Damage Italian Sk 'BOMB' PROVES TO BE A CLOCK Ships Contvutri from Page 1. chief of the Newark fire depart ment, who accompanied roast guard officers on an inspection. "Thpy must have spent at least a week tiniasliini; mac hinery," Sommers said. "AtTtjIene torches were used to cut pistons, (en-fTators were chopped and hacked with axes. Bearings were, unholted and chisels used to put them beyond repair." Newspaper mrn saw smashed engines and machinery on an Italian freighter seized in BaitirW.ji harbor. During the tour through the Pietro Campanella, a coast guard officer picked up a small can stuffed with kerosene-soaked waste and threw it into the bsy. Similar pieces of wast were observed In other parts of the ship. Kire riot Asked If it appeared the Italians had planned to set the vessel afire, the guardsmen said, "I don't know, but yqu can try to figure out just About anything1 you want to." A sledgehammer lay on top of the still-warm engines of the Pietro Campanella. Cylinder heads had been unbolted and smashed, along with pistons. One cylinder block was filled with cinders and fire clay. The ateani steering apparatus llkewtsa was smsshed, with another sledgehammer lying nearby. Gears were broken, axle-rods bent. Evidence of the hurried depar-tuie of the Italian seamen was seen in cabins, bunk quarters and messrooms. No Trouble. Lieut. V. C. Capron, acting port captain who led 45 heavily-armed guardsmen when they swarmed aboard the Fietro Campanella and a second Italian vessel, the Euro, said: r- imiw mm ; .' p-J i,JW m d 8 lift1 ;V ( $ ' "a ' f p M ate km Seamen of Die Italian motonthlp Leme were hauled away In a police patrol car after coast guardsmen hoarded the ship at Portland, Ore. Note youth of crew members. One crew member (right) of the Leme attempted to take along two bottles of wine but a guardsman gave pursuit, told him not to do It. WIREPHOTOS (Pi. LIVESTOCK li KILLEOINC! Truck and Car ( Near Aniti Th Rif iiur'i Inwa ni i ANITA, IA.-R. A. member of the Hans Livestock Commission Omaha, Neb., was killed cldent on Highway 6, miles west of Anita, night McKee, westbound, U pass two other cars. n struck a loaded eastbo' truck from Omaha d Basil Hlgglns, officers k The truck tipped over, McKee'a car. Higglm w Jured. McKee's body v in the back seat of knocked there by the im The highway was bio eral hours at the accidi 1941 Motor Vehicle Toll In Iowa Same Date a Year A "We had no trouble here use we made It plain we meant business." Crewmen hastily packed sea bags with belongings and were taken ashore. Partly-filled wine-. glasses and coffee cups in the officers' mess gave evidence of an Interrupted meal. On the wall was picture of Premier Mussolini. In the seamen's mess pictures of both Mussolini and Adolf Hitler were tacked on the wall Machine flun. At Port Everglades, Capt. P. S. Sllmson, accompanied by a coast guardsman carrying a machine gun, went aboard the German freighter Arauca shortly after 1 a. ni., ran down tha swastika and replaced it with an American flag. . A coast guard detail came aboard later and the crew and Capt. Frederick Stengler were removed to the coa.st guard base. The ship had not been dumaged. The German freighter raced into Port Everglades Dec. lfl, 1039, for shelter after, the British cruiser Orion fired a shot across its bow. l.lner. At Cristobal, In the Canal Zone, United States military authorities removed fi05 officers and men from the Italian liner Conte Blan-camano. Soldier herded the Italian officers and men toward Internment ramps scattered through the Canal Zone. The ship's berth is far from the Panama canal channel. To Kills M.inil. Cosst guardsmen msrrhed about 330 crew members from five Ital ian freighters at Port Newsrk possibly weeks In destroying the aboard tugs and hraded for Ellis iship's working apparatus. Propel- these five freighters, said of the damage: "Acetylene torches were ued to cut pistons, generators were chopped and hacked with aiea, hearings were, unboiled and chisels were used to put them beyond Repair. "Holes were bored In the hot toms of the boilers, making it lm possible for them to hold water.' Tha guardsmen and firemen searched the vessels for Inflam niablea and bombs but found nothing to indicate that the plans of those who wrecked the engine and boiler rooms called for damage by fire or explosion. A small valise found on one of the ships created a flurry of eicllenient. It contained an Instrument that ticked and vta turned over to Newark police for examination. Police took It to the Jersey meadows, fire 30 machine gun bill lets into it and then upon opening it learned it contained only an alarm clock and aome clothing. Personal effects of the officers and crews of the vessels were seized by customs officers for examination. At Boston, coast guardsmen re moved 27 crewmen from the Italian freighter Dlno and 16 from the German tanker Pauline Frlederlch. Immigration officials said charges of Illegal residence In the United Slates would he brought against the captains and crews on the ground that they have been In this country longer than regulations permit. A warrant of arrest charging illegal residence, officials said, had been Issued in each case. . The men will be given individual hearings. Seamen are allowed to remain 60 days in thla country. The men were held at immigration detention quarters. Itoaat. The Pauline Frlederlch has been at Boston since the start of the war In September, 1939. Her engines were repotted damaged. In November, 1939, Captain Helnrich Heitzmann boasted he could get the Frlederlch back to Germany If given sailing orders. "Blockade or no blockade, I d get home snfely een If Ihe entire British navy were on my trail," he said- But the vessel remained at an chor. A coast gflard officer at New Orleans who directed the taking over of the Italian freighters Ada O. and Monfiore, said: "All of them (the crew) were very pleasant and very happy that they'd done such a good Job nn the engines. I don't think here's a piece of machinery ii boar il that Isn't damaged." The crew apparently spent days, Where U. S. Took Ships PORTLAND i TV.u -4 . J V MOEMLE-A - HOUSTON J : BOSTOM 1 V00NN. Ve'NEWVOOKJ PHILADELPHIA saAJ NEWPORT Newai .NORFOLK .NAilLMIWCiTCJN SAVANNAH TACKSONVIUE Map locates ports on east, west and southern roasts of United Slates where Italian, German and Danish ships were taken into custody Sunday by the roast guard. Other Italian ships were boarded by roast guardsmen at San Juan, Puerto Itlco, and Cristobal, Canal Zone. The German freighter Arauca was boarded at Port Everglades, Fla., the German tanker Pauline Frlederlch at Boston, Mass, Island, New York grallon center. One official, harbor imml- after inspecting ler shafts of both vessels, 14 inches thick and mad"e of the hardest steel, had been cut through by NEW YORK, N. Y. CP) The 18 Italian ships In American ports boarded Sunday by United States coa.stguardsmen totaled 168,944 gross tons approximately 5 per cent of the prewar Italian merchant marine. The tonnage represented more than 50 per cent of Italian merchant ships lost through rapture and sinking since the war began. Latest figures show Italy had lost 59 ships of 317.551 tons. Here are the ports, Italian ships and gross tonnsge of each ship taken into custody: Boston, Mass. Dino, 5,592. New York Alberta, 8,131; Arsa, 5,441; Aussa, 5,441; Brennero, 4,-946; San Leonardo, 4,657. Philadelphia, Penn. Belvedere, 8.889; Antonietta, 4,423; Santarosa. 3,027; Mar Glauco, 4.690. Baltimore, Md. Pietro Campanella, 6,140; Euro, 4,867. Newport News, Va. Laconia, 5,-932; Vittorin, 3,349. Norfolk, Va. Guidonia, 5,060; San Gulseppe, 6,074; Giiian, 5,473. Wilmington, N. C VillarperoSB, 6,255. Savannah, tin, Clara, 6.131. Jacksonville, Fla. Ircanla, 4.. 815; Confldenza, e.'iS. New Orleans, La Ada O, 5.234; Monfiore, 5,498. Houston, Tex. Mongiolia, 6,113. Mobile, Ala. Ida Z. O., 4.935. San Juan, Puerto Rico Colora do, 5,039. Portland, Ore. Leme, 8.059. Cristobal, Panama Canal Zone Conte Blancamano, 23,255. AFTER ATTEMPT TO SEARCH CONVOY French Fire on British Warsh ENGLISH PLANE SINKS NAZI SHIP Survivors of 4 Italian Vessels Landed. Sea Battle Continued Jroni Page 1, hacksaws. There was no electric power aboard. F'riini the anchor winch lo the boilers, the men had gone to work With hand drills, sledge hammers, chisels, sxes and files. Captain Ernesto and the Vrew of the Mnngloln, hoarded at Houston, were placed in jail at Galveston, Te. No charges ;. s-vJk- J I: uimrl if. v v -$JLIL& Dm t 1 . - -JUlilW f- -p ' vi P, r, J,-n-0 1 I - P! V-J.' M X "iLVrU ITnltrd States roast guardsman Inspects a broken air pump freighter Albert after It waa boarded at Port Newark, N. J. In the engine room of the Italian were filed. The engine and auxiliary machinery of the Mon-glola "had been smashed com-pletely,'1 coast guardsmen said. In Savannah, Captain M. Fel-lini and 30 crewmen of the Hal-inn freighter Clsia were placed in three trucks. Tney seemed in high spirits. Joking and singing Italian songs, as they headed for Charleston, S. C. No damage waa reported done to the ship, At Portland, Ore., Capt. Giovanni Polonio of the Italian mo-torshlp Leme and 53 other officers snd men were taken ashore and detained for the Immigration service. Harbor police said navigation Instruments, generators and engines had been damaged. Const guardsmen found the Italians on deck drinking wine and singing songs. I'nited Stales marines, armed with bayonet rifles, and coast guardsmen with automatics strapped to their thighs seized the four Italian ships anchored at Philadelphia. A squadron of a dozen coast guard boats, most of them bristling with light csnnon and nig-chine giyn, hsd been mobilized during the night. There wbs no resistance. The boarding parties lowered the Italian colors, ran up tha American flag and took the 124 seamen to the United States immigration de tention barracks at Gloucester. N. J. In the Philadelphia boardings. coast guardsmen said they found no evidence of actual sabotage. However, the Philadelphia Kec- l oi ct said members of the boarding I party asserted the crews had 'burned through vital parts of the engines and the main shafts defense and hits were observed on the shore batteries. "In view of the action taken by the French batteries, our war shipa would have been fully justified In firing on the French mer chant ships and their escort but in the interest of humanity did not do so and the merchant ships suc ceeded in entering the nearby French port of Nemours, Algeria "During the return of our forces to Gibraltar they were twice attacked by French bomber formations but without suffering damage or casualties." An informed British source said one of the four French ships was loaded with rubber from Bangkok, Thailand, for Germany and em phasized that the navy's action was no departure from its usual policy of "visit and search" for all ships carrying war material to a British enemy. The British lost no time explaining the incident to the French. A broadcast in the French language called the incident proof that the Vichy government was willing to collaborate with Germany not only economically but also militarily. K xhnrply dxttning Frrnth reisiou charged that "a largt Rritish. naval force' to French vatrr attacked tht coutoi, which had only the "symbolic" profecfion of the 1,500-ton. e.-tort vessel Semoun, and that French fire itoi in defense against "aggressors." The convey, it declared, teas bound from Casablanca, Morocco, to Oran, Algeria, both French colonial ports, hence ils cargo was not destined for Germany Admit, -il Jean Dai lan, vice premier and foreign minister i,f the Vichy government as well as commander of France's fleet, declaied Mar. 10 that it the British blockade "which I consider Idiotic" iliijl " F range r " ssv 'm,uS if SPAIN Corsica? "XiOv JS, ( ROME. ) I for SARDINIA ) J """S. FRNCH &KE . BRITISH Su8 SINKS I I i GUNS FIRE ON 2 1 TALI AH SUPPLY SHIPS K V tn BRITISH SHIPS I 1 "r " s viSFTw'' sicily S "'"JNEMOURS f , . . . i MOROCCO ' , . r,rs, TUNISIA l BRITISH CLAIM Si mwnWVJ ALGERIA j j 1 OF S KALIAN WARS These series of naval clashes In the Mediterr anean sea was reported Sunday by the Near Gibraltar, British warships and French shore batteries In Algeria traded blows after thi attempted to halt and search four c6nvoyed French vessels. French bombers later attacked th( as they returned to Gibraltar. Near the toe of the Italian boot, the British submarine Part: ported sinking two Italian supply ships. Latest British reports of the big sea battle In the Mediterranean said the British sank three Italian cruisers and two destroyers. Athens repo landing of survivors from a third Italian destroyer. continues, French ships would be convoyed. , The encounter Sunday was the first report of force since then. Three times before, however, Brit ish naval fas had been turned on France. At Oran, last July 3, and at Dakar, French West Africa, five days later, the British attacked units of the French fleet to pre vent them from falling into Ger man hands. Again at Dakar, the British helped Gen. Charles de Gaulle, leader of "free French forces still allied with Britain, in an unsuccessful landing attempt. In a third, separate sea action Sunday, the air ministry neys serv. ice said, one well-placed bomb from a British plane sank a German anti-submarine vessel off the Loire river estuary on the French west coast. With Its customary reserve, Britain's naval high command gave only the barest details of the great sea and air battle which swept the eastern Mediterranean from Friday until Sunday. It listed the Italian victims as the 10.000-ton cruisers Fiume, F'ola snd Zara and the destroyers vincenzo Gioberto and Maestrale. Sixth Ship. Athens dispatches said survivors of the destroyer Alfiers, as well ss those of the Pola. Fiume and Zara, were landed in Greece Sunday aboard a Greek destroyer. The Alfiera If Identified correctly was a new destroyer as she was not listed In the latest issue of Jane's "Fighting Ships." Fragmentary British air and naval bulletins Saturday had listed a battleship of Italy's big, new 35,000 ton Littorio class among the men-o'-war damaged In the battle. The cruisers were sisterships of Italy's Zara class. Except for the Gorizla, the class appeared to have been wiped out, 10 Years Old. 1 Each of the ships carried a normal crew of 750 men and had an overall length of 599.5 feet. All were rated at 32 knots. They were about 10 years old. The two destroyers each carried a crew of slightly more than 150. The Flume and the Pola were among Italian warships visited by newspaper men last November when Premier Mussolini invited the inspection to dispute British claims of damage to Italian warships in another Mediterranean battle. Just where or how the Italian ships were sent to the bottom, the brief, matter-of-fact admiralty statement am not tell. Mated admiralty officials said I they were astonished at the low price Admiral Sir Andrew B. Cunningham's forces had to pay for slicing three more : fighting ships from Ih ready badly dented sei and could not recall ul a feat ever had been pllshed before. The battle brought Ttal losses since the war beg least four cruisers, eight ers and more than 20 su sunk; and three battleshi cruisers and an unde number of destroyers ba aged, the British said. AKIS VEKSIO -st It? ROME, ITALY (.Pl-successful attacks by German planes on "enom forces In the eastern Medit In the face of spirited r were announced Sunday the Italian high command - f Both the Italian and high command siatemen day dove-tailed in rep the aea action 8aturday presumably was part of naval battle reported British. There was no other indication from the A.i tals that Mich an emi had been fought and Ko mo word on British elm' three Italian cruisers a destroyers were suiifc l . , '.. . " -, 4. SiSNfc. twTf British naval action in the Mediterranean has resulted in the sinking of the 10,000-ton Italian cruiser Zara (above), the British admiralty announced Sund WIRL PHOTO (P). the ships with acetylene torches, apparently only a few hours before the .seizures. on vessels from Holland, Norway, Sweden or any other country attempted sabotage, the coast guard would follow the same course used in the case of Italy snd Germany. Senator Burton Wheeler (Herri., Mont. I, leading foe of the arlmm. Although the way apparently was open for the I'nited States to assert a rlaim tn ownership of at least snm nf the shirif it H sired to invoke the forfeiture "lr"tlnn British aid program, de clause of the world war lsw Chairman Walter George (Pem., Ga.) of the senate foreign relations committee said he believed this would not be done. guard is a unit of the treasury has broad powers under the world war' statute and a presl-dential proclamation to take protective custody of a foreign ves-sel In an American port. George declared that if sailors clsred "Wt have no right under law to scire those ships. This is another act of war." Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau the coast Special 2 Dresses 90c 1 SUNS sflTs, in t MEN'S PANTS, 3,V National Cleaners LZlPhont 3-031 3 J AMATEUR RECORDERS.1 e mitt U mnt mm. Klt Una nf fflit,ai -nMlnf supplltt la th Mlddla !. UNITED ARTISTS BUREAU Your FLU COAT nai.cfl,IIpn.red or llemodolod tr, any style. Chsrs.s is low Hood workmanship snd matsrlsli will permit. ALSO PROTECTED Fi ll STOIt.U.i; NICHOLAS DE HECK 31 hr. RMc. EAST VALl W $5.0 With T COtTC Our Famous $7.50 Yucca OilJO PERMANENT ASK OIR OPERATOI ABOUT OTHER SPECIALS! OFEM E KMNOS EX-GEL-CIS Bu ak Eatoa. Mgr. es wsiest ra, VSSS3

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