The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on December 21, 1967 · Page 15
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 15

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Thursday, December 21, 1967
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from HKWRn SCRAPBOOK DATES AND EVENTS FROM YESTERYEARS Hie United States Navy was created, December 22, 1775. The U.S. Gold Association was formed, December 22, 1894. Maryland ceded 10 square miles for national capltol site, December 23, 1788. The Treaty of Ghent was signed, December 24, 1814. Verdi's "Alda", was presented In Cairo, Egypt, December « December 25 Is Christmas, the day on which we observe the birthday of Christ Washington captured the Hessians at Trenton after crossing the Delaware, December 26, 1776. An earthquake claimed more than 50,000 lives In Turkey, December 27, 1939. The U.S.8. "Relief*, first ambulance ship built, was delivered to the U.S. Navy, Decmeber 23, 1920. The Irish Free State became the State of Eire, December 28, 1937. WASHINGTON Merry-Go-Round WASHINGTON - The Israelis ave trying desperately to persuade the United States to sell them supersonic fighter-bombers. They have pleaded that their present French-built planes are no match in the air for the new Russian planes which the Kremlin has shipped to Egypt. The Israelis also are worried that Russian pilots may fly the planes for Egypt to make sure they will not be lost again. They have positive evidence, for example, that Soviet pilots are flying the MIG-19s recently delivered to Yemen. In the past, the Israelis have counted upon France to sell them the weapons they need to maintain an arms balance in the Middle East. But President de Gaulle has not only cut off these shipments but is negotiating to sell arms to Iraq, one of Israel's Arab enemies. It is even doubtful that France will now deliver the 50 supersonic French fighter- bombers that Israel ordered two years ago. All this means the Israelis will be hopelessly outclassed in the air-unless the United States will sell them the planes they need. - o -DIVIDED FAMILY- DREW PEARSON ibbean, possibly against Haiti or the Dominican Republic. British authorities in the Bahamas have acknowledged to the FBI that it is almost impossible for them to keep a surveillance on all three thousand Bahamas islands. Meanwhile, there still is a difference of opinion inside the Johnson administration as to whether or not Carmichael should be prosecuted. The President feels that Carmichael has been a traitor to his adopted country in urging revolt and insurrection in the big cities. But Attorney General Ramsey Clark argues, first, that prosecuting Carmichael would make a martyr of him; second, that there are no witnesses with which to prosecute. All of his seditious statements have been made in communist countries, and no witnesses from those countries could be brought back to the United States to testify. If the FBI is able to collect evidence showing the actual transportation of arms from any island off the coast of the United States to the mainland, this could be concrete evidence of insurrec- tion. Hit is obtained, Carmichael almost certainly will be prosecuted in the country to which he came for an education and citizenship and to which he swore allegiance. - o - -PAPA MUST PAY- Llke many another father of the bride, President Johnson has been left with a pile of wedding bills. A preliminary accounting indicates he will have to pay a little over $63,000 out of his own pocket, even with no rent on the "poor man's chapel"- in other words, the East Room of the White House, which was there anyway. - o - McNAMARA'S SUCCESSOR The man President Johnson has at the top of his list to succeed Bob McNamara in the Defense Department is Cyrus Vance, the troubleshooter just returned from Cyprus. Johnson has known Vance more than ten years, ever since Vance handled a special Senate investigation of missile failures for Johnson, who was then chairman of the Senate Preparedness Committee, boring in on Eisenhower's missile lag. Vance is highly qualified to be Secretary of Defense, but has one physical handicap — a slipped disk in his back, which causes such excruciating pain that sometimes he can hardly sit through Cabinet meetings. Last summer Vance finally resigned and went abroad for a long- postponed vacation. He was in Italy only one week when he had to return because of a death in the family. Then came the Detroit race riots, and the President rushed him there as a troubleshooter. Then came the danger of war over Cyprus. Vance still has not got his vacation. - o - - LITTLE BLACK BOOK- Another Democratic state, hitherto considered safe for Lyndon Johnson, may go Republican as a result of a little black book, which mysteriously disappeared from an obscure Elkins, W. Va., law office and turned up in the Justice Department. It has touched off an investigation into the financial affairs of West Virginia's last governor, William Wallace Barron. The little black book may become as important as the black book featured in the Teapot Dome scandal. It is sure to help Rep. Aron Moore of Wheeling, now a candidate for governor on the Republican ticket. The appointment book belonged to Elkins attorney Bonn Brown, who described it to this column as his "lawyer's daybook." He said it was stolen, along with some other papers, and he could only speculate on how the Justice Department finally got hold of it. The book provided a detailed record of the clients and visitors who called upon him while he was "associated" in law practice with ex-Gov. Barron. This back-door relationship continued, Brown admitted, while Barron was a full-time state official. From the time Barron was appointed to head the State Liquor Commission in 1953 until the end of his term as governor in 1965 he received a cut from the Elkins law practice, Brown conceded. The Justice Department, running down entries in the appointments book, has found that Brown shared fees from the coal industry with Barron at the same time that the coal industry was seeking the right of eminent domain to lay a pipeline across West Virginia for transporting coal slurry. Brown acknowledged to us that he had made two payments of $25,000 each from the coal industry to Barron while Barron was governor. Brown claimed this was merely Barren's share of "accumulated law fees" from coal clients. Brown freely admitted he had lobbied to secure the right of eminent domain for the coal pipeline . These expropriation rights, however, were approved by the state legislature. The Justice Department is also interested in liquor industry law fees which Brown allegedly shared with Barron while the latter headed the liquor commission. The former governor declined to comment on the specific charges the Justice Department is investigating. TuMday, Dec. 19, 1767 Algona (la.) Upper Dw Mo!n««-S Florida's Gov. Claude Kirk received a lecture from his mother last week for declaring that he would campaign against George Wallace in Florida. The governor's mother, Myrtle Kirk, happens to be an assistant clerk in the Alabama House of Representatives. His father, Claude Kirk, Sr., has also held a succession of state jobs in Alabama. He is now in charge of federal-state liaison for Gov. Lurleen Wallace. Both of Gov. Kirk's parents are, of course, strong Wallace supporters. It was the timing of Kirk's announcement that distressed his mother most. She was visiting her son in Tallahassee when he declared his intention to barnstorm his state against Wallace. Mrs. Kirk feared that when this got back to the Wallaces they might retaliate by knocking both her and her husband off the Alabama payroll. Incidentally, George Wallace is behind in his drive to collect the 66,000 signatures he needs to get his name on the ballot for the California Presidential primary. So far he has collected barely 40,000 names - 26,000 short of the minimum he must submit on January 2. - o NIXON'S PRIMARY STRATEGY Former Vice President Nixon's backers have sounded out Republican leaders in Indiana, Nebraska and South Dakota about pushing their filing dates back so he can enter the Presidential primaries in those states. Nixon doesn't want to commit himself to any more primary campaigns until he can see how he does in the New Hampshire and Wisconsin primaries. By that time, however, it would be too late to file for any other primaries. As the solution, his backers are now trying to change the filing dates in the above three states. - o _ CARMICHAEL'S FUTURE The FBI has picked up reports that Stokely Carmichael, the militant Negro leader, is using an island in the Bahamas as a secret base for his threatened insurrection against the United States. Arms are reported to have been smuggled into the Bahamas from Cuba awaiting further orders from Carmichael, who has made no secret of his intention to organize and arm terrorists in U. S. Negro ghettos. There have also been rumors that Dictator Castro has asked Carmichael to lead a guerrilla movement elsewhere in the Caiv STRONG CHURCHES.. "And this is the testimony, that God gave us eternal life and this Life is in his Son. " — Uohn5:ll .lln., l.i iL , ifl lLllll.ll III! I JlllllJIil There are few places in this world one can go at this time of the year and escape an awareness of Christmas. It is the Christmas season. The lives of each of us is in some way affected. We cannot escape. Yet, for too many, the real testimony of Christmas, the real message of this day, is somewhat obscure, buried beneath trimmings and trappings of man-made custom. Let us find time to remember that Christmas is the season of Hope Eternal, the day of fulfillment, when God sent forth His Only Son unto the world. Let us remember that Christmas is Christ's birthday. These Special Weekly Church Messages brought to you by the following PUBLIC-SPIRITED BUSINESSES: VAN'S CAFE Junction 18 & 169 ESSER DRY CLEANERS FREE Pick-up and Delivery Phone 295-2827 - Algona, Iowa KELEHER & McADAMS CLOTHING Clothing for Men and Boys POST MOVING and STORAGE Local & Long Distance Phone 295-2275 _ Algona, Iowa PIONEER HI-BRED CORN CO. Herb Hedlund, Production Manager Perry Collins, Experimental Mgr. METRONICS, INC. O. B. Harmes "Super Speed" Tools JWANSON'S - ALGONA "Where Shopping Is A Pleasure" COLONIAL MOTEL Jvnction 18 & 169 SHILTS BROWNBILT SHOE STORE "The Shoe Store That Takes Care of Your Feet" Tel. 295-5371 - Algona, Iowa BENNIE B. WIBBEN, Bldg. Contractor 122 S. Heckart St. - Algona, Iowa KLEIN'S FARM SUPPLY Wayne Feeds — We Buy Eggs and Poultry 216 West State Street - 295-5206 ERNIE WILLIAMS John Deere Farm Equipment Highway 18 East - Tel. 295-3561 ALGONA VAULT SERVICE Algona, Iowa JOE BRADLEY EQUIPMENT Oliver CMC Trucks - G«hl Firestone Tires — Stanhoist KOSSUTH MUTUAL INS. ASSN. Your Friend — Before and After the Fire ALGONA IMPLEMENT CO. Your Friendly IH Dealer - 295-3501 IH Tractors — Trucks - Farm Equipment MR. FARMER: You owe it to yourself to read this: FARMERS UNION 1967 CONVENTION SPEECH by SIDNEY L GROSS, President As I make this appearance here today and look to the future, it is with a sense of foreboding, of apprehension. Not because I don't believe each of you are fully aware of the income situation in agriculture today, with the disparity between farm and non- farm income widest in history, machinery and other costs skyrocketing higher and higher, corn selling at less than $1.00 per bu., soybeans, $2.30 to $2.40, hogs, $17-$18 per cwt., and eggs 20 1/2? a doz., or less. My real apprehension is, that we fail at this convention to understand that these conditions are not temporary but will continue unless we remove the underlying causes that are creating them. Ladies and gentlemen, the conditions that prevail in agriculture today are chronic, and will remain chronic, softened only to the extent a benevolent government chooses to soften them, until and unless we organize and demand otherwise. For make no mistake, the initiative for action on the price front in agriculture must come from the farmers themselves. No one willingly offers to pay a higher price for anything. Yet the American people are able and willing to pay fair prices, and food is no exception. The farmer is an unorganized producer in an otherwise organized economy. Over the years, his counterpart, industry, has developed a production and marketing system that produces, prices, and markets only that amount that will return a profit. This lesson the farmer has failed to learn. This lack in development of price making and marketing techniques commensurate with those in production has resulted in a continuing loss of bargaining power for the farmer. Today, the growth of modern corporations, the revolution in procurement, horizontal, vertical and conglomerate integration, have all increased the disparity of farmer bargaining power- Economists who are not muzzled by giant corporations tell us that in any central markets in the U. S., especially in markets which involve fruits, vegetables and livestock, a few buyers determine prices each week and that farmers or those attempting to negotiate prices for farmers, have no bargaining power whatsoever and must take whatever price is offered. The most consistent and usual situation in the market place in regard to price is domination by the big retail food chains and other groups. This situation has become the rule rather than the exception because of the phenomenal growth of modern retail methods of procurement, the maintenance of giant feedlots by packers, retail chains and giant corporations, the abandonment of terminal markets and the substitution of direct buying for buying at competitive terminal markets. The result has been the almost complete elimination of the producer as a factor in making price. Since we as a nation live, work and play under a system of law, these inequities in the market system can only be corrected by further new, modernized legislation. Yet there is one major farm group advocating the abandonment of even the present voluntary farm programs, with a recourse commodity loan as the only price protection feature. This action would certainly cure the ills of the family farmer in short order, he just wouldn't be around. Another group seeks marketing arrangements, that when analyzed, are really marketing associations or cooperatives. Cooperatives or marketing associations organized under the Capper- Volstead Act have been around for a long time. Farmers Union was a pioneer in this field. These co-ops have in the past and still do serve the farmers well in providing for their procurement and marketing needs, but when it comes to matching strength with the giant food processors and their ability to set price, the limited price making powers of the cooperativesleave them almost helpless. We are seeking new legislation, the kind that will give farmers price-making powers, the kind that will give farmers the right to adjust production, to effective demand. The kind of legislation that will put real meaning into the millions of words that have been spoken for the preservation of the family farms. Farmers Union has the only sound, practical answer to maintaining the family farm structure in these United States and I have great faith, not only in the farmers, but in all the people that they want to preserve this cornerstone of a democratic society. It is no accident that farmers who understand the purposes of Farmers Union and what it is doing, are faithful members and workers because it is their own policy, they developed it, it has come from the farmers themselves. It has been developed from years of experience. By trial and error, with policies brought up through the county and state resolutions committees. This is why, even though we are not the largest farm organization, we have on the state and national level, far more influence than we have any right to expect. But if you think we had a job to do in this last session of the legislature, it is peanuts compared with the one in the next biennium. The big challenge lies just ahead. Everywhere I go in the State of Iowa I hear the same story, outside money is coming in and buying up the land in large tracts. With no price protection for the products raised, farmers have no alternative but to try to produce cheaper, to attempt to spread the costs out by farming more and more, to cut one anothers' throats and bleed to death together I And standing by, ready to feed on the bones of these family farmers and take over the farming industry are the corporate giants with their access to liberal credit on reasonable terms, their fast tax write-offs, and their built-in ability to write off huge losses year after year. There are those who scoff at the idea that corporation farms are a threat to the family farm operation, but unless farmers shake off their apparent apathy, their seemingly unwillingness to face up to the facts of life, it is easy to understand how and why they will be the farms of the future. Dr. Ruttan of the University of Minnesota, says in the production of the food and fiber needs of this country we will probably go from the present 3 million to 500,000 farms, possibly even to 100,000. Dr. Earl Butz of Purdue University says that agriculture production of the future will probably be on 3-layer level. The top layer will be the stockholders, the middle the farm manager and at the bottom, the operator, probably on a contractual basis. And when the C.B.K. corporation says it is going to buy and operate 80,000 acres from Texas to Minnesota, the Gates rubber company farming and ranching over 2 1/2 million acres, when 115 business firms control between 40 and 50 million laying hens, enough to supply 20% of the eggs in the United States, just maybe it is time to be concerned, concerned enough to take the time to go to meetings with your neighbors and determine a course of action that will protect you and your neighbor's farm from being "gobbled up" in this power play. We believe there is just no substitute for price when in the profit-making business. As proven in the case of the egg producers, size and efficiency mean little without adequate price. Unless there is access to some kind of a subsidy, without a fair price, even the good, progressive farmers will eventually become marginal farmers and go out of business. This is why the Iowa Farmers Union is laying the ground work, starting today to stop corporation farming dead in its tracks here in Iowa. This is why Farmers Union is going to move and we are enlisting everyone in Iowa to help in this move, move in and not only stop but outlaw corporate farming in Iowa. We are seeking support from the independent banker, the main street businessman, everyone who is concerned with maintaining the family farm structure in America, to join with us in this battle. We're going to not only stop this trend of moving people out of agriculture, we're going to reverse it. We are going to fight corporation farming with legislation. We are going to fight it on two fronts, with national legislation that will give the farmer a fair return for the fruits of his labor, and by indirect and direct anti-corporation farming legislation on the state level. It is very important that each and everyone of us become involved in the problems of agriculture so that we make honest, intelligent decisions. This requires study, thought, discussion and action, and in this area all too many farmors are remiss. They spend practically all their waking hours thinking about ways of increasing production when efficiency and production is already the millstone around our necks. We must find ways to trade our products on equal terms with the other segments of th e economy I The suppliers of inputs into today's modern agriculture profit on volume. They are loud In their cries, the American farmer should go all out and produce to feedthe world. Now I believe the farmer's heart is just as big or a little bigger than most when it comes to compassion for his fellow man. But finally there comes a point of self-survival, and that point has been reached. Maybe it's time we took a second look at this world food problem. Why not encourage the machinery, chemical, fertilizer and the other suppliers to semi their goods to the under-devloped food shortage areas at 75% of cost, then maybe these people could and would solve their own food problems. As for the idea we must be careful and not price ourselves out of the world market, this too, needs careful examination. What is the world market ? Many countries subsidize the portions of their agricultural production that is exported. In others it is produced on cheap land with cheap labor. How can, and why should, American farmers let this kind of a market determine their price ? It is utterly silly. How can he buy the inputs of production, chemicals, fertilizer, seed, etc., on an administered United States price level and then let a foreign subsidized price level determine the selling price of his entire crop ? He had better just never grow any crop for export. For instance, out of a 4,400,000,000 bushel corn crop about 400,000,000 is exported. Does it make sense to let the world market drag down the price of the domestic consumed 4 billion bushels just to export 400 million bushels ? I hardly think so. And if we must grow soybeans for less than cost just to satisfy an export demand, does it make sense to lose money on an entire crop just to export a portion ? Again, I hardly think so. The old farmer's back is badly bent now from subsidizing the rest of the economy at home without trying to carry the world on his shoulders. Yet, many economists say nothing can be done about the low farm prices that are driving a million farmers every year off their farms. Even the economists from our land-grant colleges say this is good. This is the way to solve the low farm income problem, divide the economic pie in fewer pieces. Maybe they are right, but in this respect I charge these economists and our land-grant colleges with a betrayal of the family farmer in these United States. The farmer is efficient, he persistently over-produces the effective demand resulting in continued low farm income that has, in the matter of a few short years, driven many millions of people off the farm, into the cities, unprepared, unwanted, creating ghettos, air pollution, water pollution, poll"tion of bodies and souls that are like cancerous sores eating at the very vitality of our nation. Now we are preparing to spend millions, yes, billions to correct these evils in the cities in the desperate hope they can be corrected. What a pity these people had to be torn from their farms, from the roots of their living, just because they couldn't get a decent price for their products they raised. Then, in the light of this experience, is efficiency of production the answer ? Two years ago, Iowa State University, through the extension service, conducted a series of six meetings in the midwest area of southern Iowa, of which my home county, Clarke, is a part. Invited to participate In the discussions was a group of people judged to be part of the power structure in the county. It was the intent of these meetings to bring to this group the results of an exhaustive survey that had been made, and based on this survey and present knowledge, formulate an outline for the future development of the area. We were told that because of low farm income resulting from the use of uie latest agricultural production techniques that it was likely Clarke county would go from the present 900-1,000 farmers to 500-600 by 1980. In other words 50% of the farmers would be forced off their farms in the next 15 years. That this trend would not be peculiar to that county alone but would be state and nation-wide. That there was no way to stop it, that instead of opposing this trend we would be better off devising ways to live with it. That, this was good. That it was the only solution to the low farm income problems. That nothing could be done about price to Improve income, just divide the "pie" among less people. But, let's follow this further. Certainly we know, man's search into the field of science and technology has not ended. Supposing by 1980, we will have reached the stage we can cut the number of farmers in half again. That by 1990, we can halve them again. That by the year 2000, we can halve them again. I ask you ? Is there any place or is there no place the social impact of the results of this technological revolution must be considered ? In short, in simple terms, is technology to rule man or is man to rule technology ? In determining future farm policy this question must be answered. Somewhere, sometime, an evaluation of the results and impacts of the social re-adjustment from such an insane policy must be recognized. Already the warning signals are up. The red lights are flashing. First two years ago in Watts; last summer in Cleveland, Boston, Baltimore and many other cities. We are now beginning to reap the reward Inherent in a short-sighted policy based on power and profits alone. Unless there is a complete re-orientation of man and living, will this be accomplished, outside of a police state. For man will not live on a subsistence level in ghettoes, in enforced leisure, in an otherwise affluent community. Lest we be misunderstood, we have no quarrel with efficiency. We believe in using the latest scientific technological advances to the fullest, but in such a way that they benefit society, not enslave it. We are entering on an uncharted course. A period in history as important as that following discovery of the wheel. For the challenge in the next period is not one of human survival based on the search for the necessities, food, clothing and shelter, but on man's ability to live with his fellow man in an abundance of material affluence. This is why I challenge the brilliant minds that unlocked this powerful technological scientific genii to now assume the responsibility of its guidance and performance. The answer lies in a revitalized rural America. A prosperous family farmer oriented agriculture, cooperating in using the latest production and marketing techniques, but with the total output ad* justed to the demand and needs of the nation. A continuously improving transportation system to facilitate the free flow of goods, The building of recreation areas scattered over the rural areas, The establishment of conservation and wildlife areas where people can get away from the every day difficulties. We have the knowledge, the natural resources, all the required ingredients, unless it is the will, to create the conditions wherein every person can live and work with a dignity of purpose, own some small part of this great land so that he has self respect, respect toward his neighbor and his property, and respect and reverence for his country. To this end, we believe technology must b£ made to serve man. (Presented For Your Consideration and Thought by County Farmers Union)

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