The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on October 24, 1967 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, October 24, 1967
Page 4
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4-Algona (la.) Upper DM Main** Tuesday, Oct. 24, 1967 WASHINGTON Merry-Go-Round WASHINGTON - Behind the rosy Vietnam communiques, the blunt truth is that the South Vietnamese army simply is incapable of holding and pacifying the countryside which the Americans have won from the Viet Cong. This means U. S. forces will not be able to leave South Vietnam and turn the defense of the country over to the home troops as they did in South Korea following the Korean War. For years to come, American troops will not be able to withdraw from South Vietnam without inviting the Viet Cong to take over. No less than Secretary of Defense McNamara has admitted privately that the South Vietnamese army does not compare with the South Korean army. If the Americans should pull out of Vietnam following a peace agreement, the South Vietnamese army would not be able to prevent the Viet Cong from moving right back into the positions they occupied before the first American combat troops arrived. This is one reason for the private pessimism of many top officials regarding the ultimate end of the war. U. S. military men blame the French for the South Vietnamese army's incompetence. The French failed to build up a qualified Vietnamese officers' corps, so that today it is drastically short of capable leaders. Many of its officers were commissioned more because of whom they knew than what they knew. They also have an appalling record for corruption. Personal greed comes before patriotic duty. Yet neither the French nor the Vietnamese are fully to blame. After all, the United States has been advising, training and equipping the South Vietnamese army for more than 12 years. One problem is that the American advisers taught the South Vietnamese the wrong tactics, namely the outdated warfare of World Warn. - o - - NO GUERRILLA TRAINING - The Vietnamese themselves wanted counter - insurgency training and suggested establishing para-military units based on the home grounds they knew best. But only a few para-military outfits were trained by the Green Berets. The bulk of the South Vietnamese army was drilled in conventional tactics to hold off a Korean-style invasion, which never materialized. The military lessons, which many of the Vietnamese learned well, turned out to be the wrong lessons. Result: The Viet Cong's style of guerrilla warfare, not unlike that used by our own forefathers to wrest independence from the British, often confounded those who fought by the book. Not until the Viet Cong abandoned their tested guerrilla tactics and began massing for conventional battles and alienating the populace by conscription and taxation, did they start losing. Their battalions, • gathered in jungle bivouacs, unable to dis- DREW PEARSON perse among the people, were caught by our spoiling attacks. Disaffected peasants also began passing along intelligence that enabled us to beat the guerrillas at their own game and catch them by surprise. Gen. William Westmoreland, the American commander, has done a masterful job of fathoming and thwarting Viet Cong tactics. Now the Viet Cong are reverting to their original guerrilla methods. Westmoreland's men have been quick to adjust, but not the South Vietnamese. They have applied the wrong lessons learned from their American advisers. Belatedly, the U.S. Army has tacitly acknowledged its mistake and has started to retrain the South Vietnamese army in the counter-insurgency tactics the Vietnamese wanted to learn 12 years ago. - o - - GOLDWATER COMEBACK - Barry Goldwater, seeking to dig his way out from under the 1964 Presidential landslide, is trying hard to get back in the Senate. And Arizona's private industry is helping him. Although industry cannot legally engage in partisan political activity, there are many loopholes, and Goldwater is using them skillfully. For instance, he spoke the other day to more than 50 key employees of Motorola at a private dinner in the posh, new Catamaran Restaurant in Scottsdale. The Motorola people, invoking the technicality that they contribute to the company's employee newspapers, invited Goldwater under the guise of the "Motorola Press Club." Note: Goldwater is hoping to win the seat now occupied by Arizona's ancient Sen. Carl Hayden. Ironically, Barry's speech centered on the state's need for water. He boosted the proposed Central Arizona Project, which will give the state more water by damming up rivers that run into Mexico. At the same time Hayden used his powerful influence in the Senate to force an agreement that the Central Arizona Project will be brought to a vote early .next year. - o - -MORE ESCALATION OF WAR- Two grim, unannounced decisions have brought a relentless intensification of the "Air War North", as the brass hats call the bombing of North Vietnam. Our planes not only are striking targets within 20 seconds flying time of the Chinese border, but they are also hitting facilities, heretofore taboo, where Soviet citizens may be killed. President Johnson reached these dangerous decisions after a painstaking policy discussion, They are; 1, Despite appeals from world statesmen and domestic doves for a bombing pause, the President has decided to keep up the air attacks at least for the remainder of the year. He will take another look at the situation during the traditional Christmas- New Year truce. 2. Because the monsoons will hamper the bombing beginning next month, the Air Force will blast North Vietnam harder than ever while the weather is good. For the unreported fact is that our all-weather planes have had trouble hitting the targets in foul weather. The air strikes in South Vietnam, known as the "Air War South," will also be stepped up. President Johnson, however, has not approved all the targets the Joint Chiefs of Staff want to hit. They would like to knock out the North Vietnamese ports of Haiphong, Cam Pha and Hon Gai. Furthermore they also want to hit the remaining un bombed airfields in North Vietnam. They have also submitted a list of targets, both military and industrial, in population centers. They point out that the communists, aware of our reluctance to hit populated places, are using them as sanctuaries. The Reds haul their military supplies in quick spurts from civilian sanctuary to civilian sanctuary. Their missile- launching sites and anti-aircraft gun emplacements have also been deliberately concentrated in civilian areas. Secretary of Defense McNamara argued vigorously against bombing civilian centers. He noted that the infiltration rate has increased from 1,500 a month at the end of 1965 to 6,500 a month today, despite the bombing. As fast as the bombs fall, he argued, Hanoi merely releases more men from its large standing army to in- filtrate across the 17th parallel. In the end, the President accepted most of the joint chiefs' arguments but also adopted McNamara's caution. - o - - HEADLINES AND FOOTNOTES- The Navy would like to muscle in on the new anti- ballistic missile system. The admirals have argued behind closed Pentagon doors that the missiles would be more effective against oncoming warheads if they were launched far out at sea. Then the warheads could be destroyed, theoretically at least, long before they came near the U.S. mainland . . . Congress will soon pass a bill to protect its own members from violence on Capitol Hill, by barring weapons and demonstrations on the Capitol grounds. However, another bill to protect the general public from violence, the gun control bill barring mail order weapons, is still tied up in the House Judiciary Committee. Reason is that the powerful National Rifle Association lobby opposes the gun control bill... Government inspectors have warned soapmakers that they must comply with the new labeling law and print warnings on labels if their detergents contain strong substances that might irritate the eyes or skin. ARCHER Wayne Tollagson, 16, of Thompson, demonstrated his skill as a bow and arrow deer hunter on opening day by bagging a 200-pound buck. This was the first deer hunt for the high school junior. LOG When water was struck at 126 foot depth on the farm of Francis Hock northeast of Mansonalarge log floated to the surface. It is estimated the log had been down in the water several hundred years. PUMPKIN Twelve-year-old Jeff Anderson, son of Mr. and Mrs. Ronnie Anderson, Waverly, grew a record breaker pumpkin this season. It weighed over 120pounds; more than its young grower. Watch \ Repairing Don't loose another minute! We restore your watch to peak efficiency quickly, economically. ° Why not see us today? NOW! For The First Time! kTM THE SMITH-CORONA 8 ELECTRA 210 AUTOMATIC ELECTRIC PORTABLE TYPEWRITER THE FIRST ELECTRIC PORTABLE WITH PUSH-BUTTON POWER RETURN ' \ ALL-ELECTRIC INCLUDING CARRIAGE RETURN AT A PRICE WITHIN NORMAL REACH See It In Office Supply Dept. Of UPPER DES MOINES PUBLISHING CO. ALGONA

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