The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on August 10, 1967 · Page 14
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 14

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, August 10, 1967
Page 14
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Background Of Vietnam Conflict ... How Did Wt Ev*t Oat In the Me** ? By B. Homer Norton (Professor of Hurorv, Grinrpll Crli»g») B EFORE World War II Americans seldom had taken any significant interest in French Indo-China. In 1945, however, the total defeat of the Japanese Empire left the United States in effective control of the entire Pacific Ocean and the coasts of Asia were brought under that close American supervision that has continued ever since. In this way the interests and influence of the U.S. have come into direct contact with the widespread revolutions that are sweeping over the Asian continent. In 1945 also, with the collapse of German and Japanese power, Washington policy makers saw Soviet Communist expansion as a major threat to the U.S. The decision was then made by the president, with the consent of the Senate, that it would henceforth be basic policy to stop the spread of Communism by drawing military and economic barriers around the Soviet Union and the countries under its influence. This decision to save the world from Communism has continued to be the primary reason for our interference in the Internal affairs of countries all over the world, including Vietnam and Thailand, Uneven Results It must be recognized that our struggle against the spread of Communism has had very uneven results. In industrialized, technologically advanced West' ern Europe, Marshall Plan economic aid and the N.A.T.O. military shield brought the prosperity and political stability that makes an impassible barrier to the spread of Communism. Our European anti- Communist policy was so successful that it is no longer necessary. But in the peasant-based societies of Asia the results have been very different. It is in those parts of Asia where the U.S. has interfered most directly and forcefully [in China, in Korea and now in Vietnam] that our anti-Communist actions have met with severe defeats. In 1949, the Communists took over all of China. Our ally, Chiang Kai-shek, fled with the remnants of his American- equipped armies to Formosa where he has since lived under the protection of our fleet and Air Force. After China Soon after the loss of China to Communism, our a n t i -C o m- munist policy involved us in a civil war situation in Korea. The Truman intervention there met with reverses. Larger forces were sent in and the Chinese quite unexpectedly intervened. The expanded and frustrating Asian war that resulted helped to defeat the Democratic party In the 1952 national elections. General Elsenhower, the new President, negotiated a compromise settlement. North Korea was left in Communist hands and South Korea has since been protected from a Communist takeover by the continued presence of U.S. economic and military power. Third Setback Within a year after the Korean compromise settlement a third major setback for our stop- Communism policy was threatening in Indo-China and a crisis of nerves was evident in Washington. After the war, when the French returned to their Indo- China colony with the blessings of Washington, they found a well organized nationalist independence movement led by a French educated Communist named Ho Chi Minn. The U.S. helped the French with military supplies in their attempt to crush this national independence movement but, although more French troops were sent out each year, the guerrillas continued to Increase their hold over the Vietnamese villages. French Pinned Down Early in 1954, after nine years of bloody, frustrating war, a large French force was pinned down by the nationalists at Dien Bien Phu. Unable to rescue their army and weary of war, the French prepared to pull out of Vietnam. In Washington, high officials were publically advocating American intervention to prevent French defeat and withdrawal. Although in February, 1954, Eisenhower stated emphatically that he could conceive no greater tragedy than for the U.S. to become involved in an all-out war in Indo-China, a month later demands for intervention were increasing within his administration. Both Secretary of State Dulles and Vice-President Nixon were for intervention, but the president would not consent to it. He had recently ended one dangerous war in Korea and he did not propose to start another in Vietnam. The Congress also was reluctant. Remembering what had happened to the Democrats as a result of the Truman intervention in Korea, the politicians were somewhat appalled at the prospect of another Asian crusade in an election year. Awaited Conference So, at the end of April. 1954. the president announced that the U.S. would take no action in Vietnam pending the outcome of the conference that was about to take place in Geneva. The Geneva Conference was attended by the U.S.. the Soviet Union, Britain, France and Communist China in addition to the various rival groups in Indo-China. It had just assembled when the French garrison at Dien Bien Phu surrendered to Ho Chi Minh's forces. With this French defeat as a background, the Geneva negotiations went on until July 20 and resulted in the Geneva Agreements. The U.S. did not take an active part in working out these agreements. After the opening of the conference, Dulles returned to Washington leaving Bedell Smith as the official U.S. observer. When eight of the nine heads of delegations had approved the agreements, Smith declared that the U.S. would refrain from threat or use of force to disturb the agreements and would view with grave concern any violation of them. U.S. Assented The Geneva Agreements were not signed but assented to orally. They were complex and frequently ambiguous. They dealt 2—Algona (la.) Upper Des Moines Thursday, Aug. 10, 1967 10 MIS AGO IN TMI FROM THE FILES OF THE UPPER DES MOINES August 8, 1957 Two demonstration teams to represent Kossuth county 4-H clubs at the State Fair were selected during a contest In the Burt Legion hall. The winners .and their leaders were shown in a photo on the front page of this issue. They were Don Madsen and Jim Kain, team from Plum Creek, and Ed Dumstorff, Greenwood; Ed Kain, Plum Creek, assistant leader, Gerald Soderberg, Greenwood leader, and Gene Drager, Plum Creek leader. Besides the appearance at the State Fair, Dumstorff would also travel to Mason City where he would present his demon- -stration at the North Iowa Fair. - o - Kim Marie, 3-year-old daugh- 'ter of Mr. and Mrs. Harold ;Martinek, Wesley, suffered a "severe gash in her forehead when ;she and her brother, Jerry Bob, •were playing under a wagon. As ;she raised up to run away her ;head was cut by an extending bolt. ;,Four stitches were required to "close the wound. - o - •'. Mrs. Jack Quinn, Lone Rock, 'entertained in honor of the birthday of Maude Blanchard. Pre- f'sent were Mrs. Blanchard, Mrs. •Fred Genrich, Mrs, Mary Flaig, Mrs. Ruth Krueger, Mrs. James Long, Mrs. Frank Flaig, and Mrs. Rose Kraft. Five hundred was played with Mrs. Mary Flaig winning high, Mrs. James Long low. - o Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Oakland, Algona, took their son John to Mason City to entrain for Ft. Worth, Tex., where he would visit his brother-in-law and sister, Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Beamish. The Oaklands spent the rest of the day at Clear Lake with Mr. and Mrs. Harold Knecht who were vacationing at a cottage there. - o Mr. and Mrs. Grady Phillips, Sandra and Gayle, Algona, had returned from a two weeks vacation at Phoenix, Ariz., San Diego, Calif., and Denver, Colo. At Denver they visited an aunt of Mrs. Phillips'. - o - Sister M. Imogene, 0. S. F., daughter of Mrs. Nick Klein, St. Joe, and Sister M. Marcelita, O.S.F., daughter of Ben Gisch of Livermore, were visiting with relatives after which they would return to Mt. St. Francis Convent, Dubuque. - o - Robert Krause and Herbert Krause and son Herbie, all of Fenton, accompanied Melvin Kern of Algona to Sycamore Park, Des Moines, to the Iowa State Pigeon Assoc. show. Robert Krause entered some birds, winning the prize for the best owl of the show and also 1st and 2nd prize on white winged arch angel pigeons. Kern also re- ceived some awards. There were 300 pigeons in competition. - o - Sfc. Lyle Penton was concluding his 30-day furlough with relatives in LuVerne and was leaving for California where he would fly to Hawaii for 2 1/2 years service. Mrs. Penton, Roxanne, Patrick, Sandra and Virginia would accompany him there. - o Gordon Christensen would take over his duties as manager of the Swea City Co-op creamery Aug. 15. He was moving from West Bend where he had been employed in the creamery for several years. Ed Aschenbrenner, who had been manager of the creamery, was leaving for Opole, Minn., where he had purchased an interest in a creamery. - o Four Kossuth county students were among 677 graduates who received degrees at summer commencement exercises at the University of Iowa, Iowa City. They were Mrs. Virginia Fristedt McLeran, a bachelor of science degree in nursing; Diane R. Welp, Bancroft, a bachelor of arts; Randall L. Webb, Swea City, master of arts; and Mrs. Anna Diers Geske, Titonka, a master of arts. The class was the largest to graduate since 1951. - o - Weather locally .did a complete turn-about during the week starting with four above 90 readings, switching to very livable temperatures for a couple of days, then back to higher marks QPfje glgona Upper Beg Jftome* 111 E, Call Street — Ph. 295-3535 — Algona, Iowa Zip Code 50511 19 IQUIfl PRESS' kflSSOCIHTIOIT 67 ESTABLISHED 1865 NATIONAL NEWSPAPER OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER KOSSUTH COUNTY CITY OF ALGONA 3 r M r c H •••• 6 T '7 N 1 UgULUKAliALllJi ALGONA COMMUNITY SCHOOL ISSUED TUEDAY & THURSDAY & NORTH IOWA SHOPPER THURSDAYS: Newspapers entered as Second Class Matter at the post office in Algona, Iowa EDITORIAL R. B. WALLER, Editor & Publisher Don Smith, Managing Editor ADVERTISING Denny Waller Russ Kelley Jack Purcell, Foreman SUBSCRIPTION RATES $ In Kossuth County and adjoining areas $5.00 per year $ To all other addresses in United States or Foreign $7.00 per year $ |ji (No subscriptions less than six months) !•:•: with all parts of Indo-China, Cambodia and Laos as well as Vietnam. In respect to Vietnam they provided for the temporary separation of the country with a demilitarized zone at the 17th parallel giving control of the northern part to Ho Chi Minh's nationalist forces. The French forces were to be evacuated from the North and there were to be no increases of military materiel in either North or South. An International Control Commission was to be set up and elections to assure the unification of Vietnam were to be organized and held by July 20, 1956. It was understood that pending the result of the elections none of the Vietnamese factions would make any international military alliances. Tensions Renewed No doubt it Is unhkely that the many nationalist and Communist groups would have kept these agreements, but almost immediately events occurred outside Vietnam that renewed the tensions and mutual suspicions. France gave recognition to Saigon but not to Hanoi. The U.S. gave its backing to the new French-selected ruler in Saigon, Ngo Dinh Diem. The U.S. organized S.E.A.T.O., an avowedly anti-Communist coalition for Southeast Asia, and Eisenhower offered help to Diem and authorized the sending of a team of military advisers to Saigon. The first open break hi the Geneva Agreements setup came when the Saigon regime, with U.S. approval, refused to hold the elections scheduled for July, 1956. It was obvious,' both to Saigon and to Washington, that the majority of the southern population would vote for unification with the North. Diem Ruled After refusing to hold the elections, Ngo Dinh Diem with increasing American aid. ruled in Saigon until his overthrow and death by a military coup in November, 1963. During this time he had built up a large army financed by American taxpayers and trained in conventional warfare by American officers. Outside Saigon a nationalist resistance movement that we know as the Viet Cong began to grow. By 1960, it was in informal but effective control of most of the populous Mekong delta. In 1958, when the Viet Cong resistance movement began, Eisenhower authorized sending a few more military advisers and some more military equipment and economic aid. By 1960, the Viet Cong movement had grown and President John F. Kennedy sent more military advisers and increased military and economic aid to the Diem dictatorship. As the United States increased its assistance to the Saigon regime, the North Vietnamese stepped up assistance to the Viet Cong. This dreary process of mutual expansion of war effort is still going on seven years later. After his army officers overthrew Diem in November, 1963, a series of would-be dictators made ineffectual attempts to form a working government in Saigon. It now became apparent to Washington and to the whole world that our Vietnam intervention was in serious trouble. Two billion dollars in U.S. military and economic aid, doubling, tripling and quadrupling our military adviser force and giving them permission to shoot back if attacked, did not prevent the situation in 1964 from moving from bad to disastrous. The Viet Cong were taking over more villages and even bringing provincial capitals under attack. Basic Decisions Needed At this point very basic decisions about the future of our interference in the civil war were urgently needed. But they were not made because 1964 was an election year. Party leaders on both sides thought that Vietnam was too hot an issue. So we drifted through the summer and fall with Lyndon Johnson advocating carrying on with no wider war and Barry Goldwater wanting to end the intervention business quickly and simply with a few well- placed bombs on North Viefr nam. By the early months of 16w, the U.S. faced the imminent collapse of its attempts to build a state in South Vietnam. There was no stable government in Saigon. The American-trained South Vietnamese army was ineffective and corrupt. The Viet Cong were in effective control of 80 per cent of the country. It was clear that we must either move in massive military forces or get out. Johnson, with the Senate's hasty Tonkin Gulf Resolution to support him, at last decided to move in. Thus a little over two years ago the American War in Southeast That's right — stick up for the telephone company!" again. High official reading was 94 degrees and the low was an almost frigid 43. - o- A new policeman, Don Tietz, Lone Rock, had joined Algona's police force, filling the vacancy created when Ray Krebs resigned. Richard Groen, who had joined the police department four years ago, was named assistant chief. 20 YEARS AGO IN TMI section, hauled out dirt, hauled in gravel, and mixed and leveled. This was all in preparation for the long-promised blacktop surfacing. - o- Word was received in Union twp. that Leo Elmore was flying home from Alaska where he had been stationed with the army and expected to be home the latter part of the month. Leo was a corporal in the army. - o- Kossuth county had one of the 10 lowest cost-per-person expenses for care of the poor in Iowa for 1945, according to a summary of county expenses compiled by the Iowa Taxpayers Assoc. While the average cost to each person living in Iowa was $1.08, the cost in Kossuth county was 58 cents, for poor living outside the county homes. The report also showed that the weekly cost of maintaining inmates in the county home here was $2.13 a week, also one of the lowest weekly costs in the state. - o- From County Chatter - "It was over a hundred in the shade Tuesday afternoon when we called at Clarence Bauer's farm north of Ottosen. Mrs. Bauer was trying to keep cool while getting a lunch ready for the men who were combining oats. Clarence has about 40 acres of oats this year, and the samples we saw looked good. The Bauers have three daughters, Maxine, 11, Anna Mae, 7, and Eileen, 2 years old." - o- Mr. and Mrs. Robert Walker, the Cecil BJustroms and the Orville Holdrens, all of the Four Corners area, surprised the Lewis Broesders on their 15th wedding anniversary. The guests brought ice cream and cake. - o- Mr. and Mrs. 0. H. Graham of Burt and Mr. and Mrs. Melford Smith of Algona, left for northern Minnesota for a few days fishing and vacationing. - o- Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Berkland, Mr. and Mrs. Reuben Berkland and Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Oskvig, all of Fenton, spent two days in Austin and Minneapolis. In Austin they attended a cattle show in which Reuben Berkland and Mr. Oskvig had cattle entered. About 100 Mexican Nationals- Mexicans from Mexico - were camped at the highway 169 and 18 intersections, and were the major portion of the detasseling crew for the Pioneer Hi-Bred Corn Co. here. Herb Hedlund, plant manager, reported that there were 2,300 acres of corn to be detasseled, and of that total 1,550 acres were in Kossuth county and the rest in Palo Alto county. - o - A Peter Bormann, Sr. family gathering was held at the Henry Bormann home in St. Joe with Asia began without any formal declaration of war. Underestimated Dangers From the time when Elsen- hower sent Ngo Dinh Diem a letter offering him economic aid until Johnson sent In our military forces to take over the burden of the war from the ineffective Vietnamese army, our government consistently underestimated the difficulties and the dangers inherent in the Vietnam intervention. In time, our military leadership tells us we can crush all the fighting guerrilla units. They say we can do this without facing the unacceptable risk of war with the great Communist powers provided we limit the war. We can only hope that this time they are more accurate than they were in Korea. If and when the military resistance is ended a still more intractable problem will remain. What are we to do with a country in which the traditional life patterns have been severely dislocated or destroyed and most people, both those we have "helped" and those we have defeated, are likely to be basically anti-American, but possibly not anti-Communist? It is perhaps a safe bet that the way out of Vietnam will be longer and harder for us than the way in. Reprinted from Des Moines Tribune, August 4,1967 90 in attendance in honor of Father Louis Bormann of France. Guests were the immediate family, Rev. Bormann, Father George Theobald and Susan Naber. - o - Donald Meyer returned to his school work in Minneapolis after spending two weeks with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Meyer, LuVerne. While he was home and helping with the threshing at the Herman Warmbier farm, Donald had the misfortune to run a pitch fork in the calf of his leg. Dessert For an attractive dessert, alternate small scoops of lime and strawberry sherbet and vanilla ice cream in your prettiest serving bowl. Keep in the freezer until just before serving. Spoon on chilled and drained truit cocktail and serve with wedges of. angel food cake. * Professional Directory i-S INSURANCE DOCTORS FROM THE FILES OF THE UPPER DES MOINES August 14, 1947 The first good rain since June, .37 inches, helped to water the parched earth of Kossuth county and also broke the back of the extremely hot spell that had blistered the area for ten days. The dry spell was the longest since 1936, when 66 days passed without rain. High for the week was 98 degrees and the low 64, - o - Probabilities were that Billy Ryan, 5, Wesley, would admire rings in a jeweler's window much more than rings on his own fingers. Billy had gotten a nice shiny ring on his finger, one lovely to look at, but somehow it wouldn't come oft He had to be taken to an Algona hospital and a doctor removed the offending rings from a painful and swollen finger. Billy was a former Ti- tonkan, but the family had moved to Wesley during the winter where his father had a poultry business. - o Dirt, dust and noise had been the order of the past week for residents of Ledyard. But it was all for a good cause. The McGuire grading crew plowed up two blocks in the business CROSSWORD PUZZLE LAST WEEKS ANSWER ,« ACROSS l.Hlgh- pitched 7. Gon« 11. Musical production* 12. Olrl'f namt 13. Avoid* 14. Like * wing 16. Green: Her. 16. Courage- OUJ 17. Lend measure 18. Greek portico 21. Affirmative reply 22. Doctrine 24. HilUlde dugout 26. U.S. Marine: ilangr 81. French river 32. Put on 33. Resort 36. Spread! grass to dry 38. Nickel: gym. 39. Port-au- Prince U the capital 41. Agreement 43. Too 44. Hedge plant 49. Parry 47. Ebb 48. Three, at cards 49. Unlocked DOWN 1. Anguish 2, Opposed to obveri* 8. Alw»yi 4. Mr. Lancuter and name* •akei 5. Permit 6. Double curve 7. Juicy fruit 8. Bate 9. Vassal 10. Biblical weed* 16. Excluded 19. Where Gau?uln 23. 85. 27. 28. 30. once painted 20. Fat 37, Pa's companion At home Toward Man's nickname Grant Worked with yarn and needles Pillar Whiter French river Seasoning UQUIBU UBUQ ausiua utu ESUU UUU UlzlU 40. W. Ind. bird 42. Biblical name 44. For 45. Twilled fabric ALGONA INSURANCE AGENCY J. R. (Jim) KOLP Surety Bonds — All Lines Of Insurance 295-3176 206 E. State BLOSSOM INSURANCE AGENCY General Insurance 7 N. Dodge 295-2735 BOHANNON INSURANCE SERVICE 5 N. Dodge 295-5443 Home — Automobile — Farm _ Polio Insurance _ HERBST INS. AGENCY For Auto., House, Household Goods, and Many Other Forms. Phone 295-3733 _ Ted S. Herbst KOSSUTH MUTUAL INSURANCE ASSOCIATION Over $74,000,000 worth of insurance in force. Phone 295-3756. Lola Scuffham, Sec'y. SUNDET INSURANCE AGENCY Harold C. Sundet and Larry C. Johnson 118 So. Dodge — Algona, la. Phone 295-2341 MELVIN G. BOURNE, M.D. Physician & Surgeon 118 N. Moore St. Office Phone 295-2345 Residence Phone 295-2277 J. N. KENEFICK, M.D. Physician & Surgeon 218 W. State Street Office Phone 295-2353 Residence Phone 295-2614 JOHN M. SCHUTTER, M.D. Residence Phone 295-2335 DEAN F. KOOB, M.D. Physicians & Surgeons 220 No. Dodge, Algona Office Phone 295-2408 Residence Phone 295-5917 ;:::::::::::%:::::::::::::::::::::;::::::::::::^:7:%?:::W:^ DENTISTS ¥#Si:;:#:;:!:;:;:!:i:i^^ DR. J. B. HARRIS, JR. Dentist At 622 E. State Phone 295-2334 DR. J. G. CLAPSADDLE Dentist At 112 N. Thorington Phone 295-2244 for Appointment Printing T7 W % w H UPPER DES MOINES PUBLISHING CO. Ill East Call — Algona Phone 295-3535 Chiropractor DR. M. R. BALDWIN Summer Office Hours Mon. - Tues. • Wed. - Fri. 8:30 - 5:00 Thurs. - Sat. — 8:30 - 12:00 Friday Evenings — 6:30 - 8:30 Farm Mgmnt, DR. L. L. SNYDER 113 East State Algona Telephone 295-2715 Closed Saturday Afternoons DR. HAROLD W. ERICKSON Eyes Examined — Contact Lenses — Hearing Aid Glasses 9 East State Street Phone 295-2196 Hours: 9:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. Closed Saturday Afternoons DR. DONALD J. KINGFIELD Optometrist Visual Analysis and Visual Training Contact Lenses 108 So. Harlan, Algona Phone 295-3743 CARLSON Farm MANAGEMENT COMPANY UVi N. Pod9« Ph. ?«-Wl MISCELLANEOUS Credit Bureau of Kossuth County Collectrite Service Factbilt Reports

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