The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on August 8, 1967 · Page 39
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 39

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Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, August 8, 1967
Page:
Page 39
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day in and day out. The practice has paid off already with a 11.9 average farrowed in the first 21 litters." To make sure that each brood sow gets her proper ration of food without going to a complete confinement setup, Waack designed adjoining 20-inch wide individual metal feeding stalls. These stalls are on an 18-foot wide concrete feeding platform which extends across the front of the brood sow pens. The stalls have open fronts to make filling easy and have roofs to protect from snow and rain. The amount of hand fed ration which is delivered to each pen in the morning depends on the stage of gestation of the sows in that pen. Ideas Galore Each of the five adjoining 40-foot wide brood sow pens contains two 9 by 12 foot metal buildings set on a 12-inch mound of hard packed ground limestone to keep the house dry. There is plenty of room for the 20 sows to exercise, which is just as important to good litters as diet and dry sleeping areas. The cost of the entire brood sow setup ran about $75 per sow. "About one week before farrowing, the sows are brought into one of our two 18 stall farrowing houses," says Waack. "Each house has a washing stall. We scrub down and disinfect each sow as it's brought in. The pens are also cleaned up thoroughly between farrowings." The 4V2 by 14 foot stalls are made of white oak which the hogs won't chew. Guard rails prevent sows from crushing babies. They also contain a three foot wide creep area, which is partitioned off at the front of each stall. These creep areas have thermostatically controlled heating pads below them. Dampness and, to a lesser extent coldness, are the worst enemies of newborn pigs. For the first three days after farrowing a heat lamp is used. Then the heating pads take over. Initially the temperature is set for 100 degrees. Every day it is lowered about a degree and a half until it is no longer needed. In cold weather the minimum setting is 55 degrees. This thermostat control (as compared to a continually burning heat lamp) cuts the electric bill enough to pay for the gas heater, which is set at 55 degrees and reduces dampness throughout the building. Each stall has its own automatic watering unit. Waack hand feeds twice a day while sows are in the farrowing unit. Only the little porkers can get In this part of the farrowing stall. Waack looks over part of a litter that looks like they've been eating well for a few weeks. Neck Shots "One aspect of hog raising that should receive wider consideration," said Waack, "is the placement of iron shots. I put the shot in the neck about a half-inch from the ear, using a short needle about %-inch long. Because the head moves around, you still get good dissemination, yet you avoid the chance of staining and spoiling an expensive cut of meat." The pigs are weaned at six weeks and moved to one of 13 adjoining finishing pens. Even in winter Waack has had no problem moving either sows or feeders from the heated buildings to the outside. The finishing pens, which will handle 300 pigs at a time, are designed for hog comfort as well as efficient feed handling and cleaning. Each unit has an 8 by 16 foot house at the rear of an 8 foot wide, 40 foot long concrete runway. These houses are constructed of tongue and grooved boards which extend below the floor to protect against rodents and wind. The front walls which face south are open. Board floors over the concrete in each house also add to hog comfort in cold weather. Drainage is accomplished by a lV4-inch per foot slope in the floors. From the houses the runways slope southward and form a "T" at the front of each lot. On one side of the "T" the 1-ton self feeders are located and on the other side the self waterers. These waterers are the recirculating type which allow liquid supplements and cines to be added. The water is pumped from a central tank to the individual pens. "Both feeders and waterers are raised on a 4-inch concrete slab," says Waack. "They waste less feed and their water stays cleaner this way." Light Chores A concrete driveway runs along the front of the pens to make filling the self feeders and cleaning the pens easier. A minimum amount of care is required with this setup. The onjy daily work is an inspection of the hogs. The feeders hold a 4 to 7 day supply of ration and it takes little time to fill them. The pens are cleaned weekly, a job that takes less than an hour. Each of these units, which sends 210 to 225 pound pigs to market in about five months, cost Waack about $900 to have built. Everything considered, the well planned system Waack has developed has proved to be an economical balance of maximum convenience, health and litter size with minimum labor and investment. Have you counted the bales you tie? With EASTMAN Baler Twine, farmers report tying many extra bales of hay after switching from natural fiber twines. There's no doubt—you always get more than 9,000 feet of uniform twine, bale after bale. And there are no thick or thin sections to break or foul baler knotters. Means every foot of Eastman twine is usable. Added advantages: ideal for outdoor hay storage; resistant to rot, insects, and weather; tough yet soft and flexible; has outstanding knot strength. Eastman Baler Twine is produced in the U. S. A., always available. Look for the twine with the FARM JOURNAL Family Test Group Seal on the distinctive yellow- TTWTII i .Journal FAMILY TMT OROUP and-black label-EASTMAN Baler Twine. It's the original and best-selling black plastic twine. If your dealer doesn't have it in stock, write: Eastman Baler Twine EASTMAN CHEMICAL PRODUCTS, INC. Kingsport, Tennessee 37662 Subsidiary of Eastman Kodak Co. Ecistman

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