WASHINGTON WASHINGTON - This column has checked with all sorts of people following the big-city riots - people ranging from Mayor Addonizio of Newark to Dr. Martin Luther King, and Roy Wilkins of theNAACP. These are the findings on how the riots got out of hand and what's wrong in our big cities. In most cases the riots started when the local police were doing their duty by arresting Negro drunks or criminals in the Negro community. Other members of the criminal element and young Negroes looking for trouble then expanded the riots until they got out of hand. In one or two cases trouble started, as in Erie, Pa., merely because teenagers out of school with nothing to do wanted excitement. They had seen other window-smashing on television. In both Newark and Detroit the police for one full day were not tough on looters. The police in Newark were indignant against Mayor Addonizio because he gave orders not to shoot. The same thing happened in Detroit. And when the word spread that looting was easy, many Negroes and many whites in the ghettos started looting. But behind the riots was a very dangerous minority whose policy simply is to create trouble between black and white. Their chief enemy is the white liberal who in the past has urged and fought hard for civil rights and better jobs for Negroes, and has been the best friend of the Negro. The radical young Negroes consider him their worst enemy. They argue that the white liberal holds them back, that they must achieve progress through force, violence and hatred of the white man. The riot is their weapon because it creates hatred. It also puts the police in the position of being the enemy of the Negro. This small minority has taunted moderate Negro leaders with being "Uncle Toms." As a result, many moderate Negroes have feared to speak out. It was only last week that the big four of the Negro community- Dr.Mar- tin Luther King, Roy Wilkins of the NAACP, Philip Randolph of the Sleeping Car Porters, and For And About Teenagers J X NOTHING WROMS 'O WITH THE WEEK'S LETTER: "Do you think 14 year old girls should be allowed to double date or group date. I read the article which said that fourteen year old girls should not date. Remember, girls these days are more mature than they used to be. We aren't wearing pigtails anymore. I can understand not going out on single dates, but frankly, I see nothing wrong with us double dating or group dating. I would like your opinion on this matter." OUR REPLY: It is not the opinion in this corner that there is something wrong with dating at fourteen. At fourteen, boys and girls should be mature enough to have a date for a party or for some group activi- •y. But, this activity should be subject to some adult supervision. It is wrong for boys and O irls of this age to "date" without any parental or adult supervision. For example, some boys and girls no older thanfourteen, who are not responsible to any proper adult supervision, may spend a lot of nighttime hours hours riding around in an auto with older teenagers. Whether it is called a "date" or just "riding around" it is not the best activity for a fourteen-year-old. H you hqv* a l»nag* probUm you wan) fa disculs, or an observation to make, addr«ll you I.H.r to FOR AND ABOUT TEENAGERS. COMMUNITY AND SUIURIAN PRESS SERVICE. FRANKFORT, KY. PICNIC PAK WIENERS GRILLIN' GREAT Perfect for Picnics, Backyard Bar-b-ques Here's the perfect partner for your picnic or backyard barbecue. Big, plump and juicy GB Brand Wieners have a natural hickory smoked flavor that's gr-r-reat for grillin 1 . Whitney Young of the Urban League - finally united to blast Negro rioters and the young radicals behind the violence of the past two weeks. - o - - MODERATES MUST ACT - But it is becoming increasingly clear that any lasting settlement of the racial problem is going to require active and constructive leadership from Negro moderates. Many facts indicate there is no alternative. First and foremost is the irrefutable evidence that the riots are hurting Negroes most. Negro homes, Negro businesses are being destroyed. White taxpayers are leaving the cities. Even when burned-out residences and business buildings are owned by whites, their destruction leaves Negro tenants without buildings to live or do business in. Insurance for buildings and their contents in ghetto sections in some cases already is impossible to obtain or prohibitively expensive, and will become more so. Second, it is equally clear that the riots are being started and continued by relatively few Negroes, sparked by extremists and hoodlums more interested in violence for violence sake, and looting, than in obtaining either civil rights or better living and working conditions. Third, the threats of extremists that they'll burn up the nation if their demands are not met will stiffen and solidify white resistance to even legitimate demands; it is human nature to react to violence with violence, and in a nation that is about 90 percent white and only 10 percent Negro, the odds are heavy that the white majority will not surrender meekly or suddenly to the terrorist tactics of the StokelyCar- michaels and Rap Browns. These and other facts make it imperative that moderate Negroes take action themselves to help restore and maintain order and perspective among their own people. Statements condemning the riots and lawlessness are not enough; there must be positive action. But the white people of the nation cannot leave the job to the "Negro moderates. By centuries of segregation and oppression, whites have created a distrust and hostility toward all whites among all Negroes that can and must be overcome. Again, resounding statements of high principle are not enough; positive programs to give Negroes equality in fact as well as by law must be formulated and carried out; lavish promises - made for political gain - that cannot be readily implemented must be avoided as only adding to the Negro sense of futility and frustration. The job cannot be done by the federal government alone. It requires action at every level of the community - state, local, neighborhood. And taxes alone cannot provide the answer; there are not enough tax dollars to rehabilitate all city ghettos, all the substandard housing, all the inadequate schools, possibly for decades. The destruction in Detroit has been estimated at hundreds of millions of dollars - but only a small section of Detroit was burned out, and many of its slum areas were not touched. The eventual cost and the time required for the needed material improvements can hardly be calculated or even predicted. But this nation - Negroes and whites alike - obviously must find the needed answers, and quickly- or the extremists may succeed in starting another bloody civil war. - o - - COMMUNISTS INVOLVED - The FBI has evidence that communist agitators loyal to Red China definitely have been stirring up the ghettos. They are few in number, but they have helped to excite the restive populace. They not only preach violence in the streets but they are actually training young firebrands in paramilitary tactics. It is believed that some of the snipers in Newark and Detroit were trained by the communists. The communists also are agitating to create black universities to educate professional revolutionaries. They are urging Negro youths to refuse to fight in Vietnam. These professional agitators make their pitch in the name of civil rights and higher living standards. Yet they actually have orders to sabotage the civil rights and antipoverty programs. Their aim is to increase Negro despair, thus making Negroes easier to exploit and recruit into revolutionary activities. The Reds are known to be disturbed over recent progress in improving racial equality and reducing Negro poverty. This is not what they want, despite their THERE'S NOTHING L/KE FOR GOOQ, HEALTHY EXERC/SE. KEEPS US /NSHAPE. from H/SrOKK'S SCRAPBOOK DATES AND EVENTS FROM YESTERYEARS U. S. Government Bonds were authorized, August 4, 1790. The U. S. Coast Guard was founded, August 4, 1790. The cornerstone of the Statue of Liberty was Inld, August 5, 1884. President Truman signed n bill granting Puerto Rico the right to elect its own governor, August 5, 1957. Gertrude Ederle swam the English Channel, August 6, 1920. A Prohibition act passed in Georgia, August 6, 1907. The Order of the Purple Heart was established, August 7, 1782. The U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis was established, August 7, 1845. Davis Cup tennis matches were started, August 8, 1900. Russia declared war on Japan, August 8, 1945. An atomic bomb destroyed Nagasaki, August 9, 1945. Alexander Graham Beu used a telephone to span a distance of eight miles between Brantford and Paris, Ontario, August 10, 1876. soapbox claims. They want revolution. Therefore, orders have gone out to street agitators to whip up Negro ferment and encourage riots, in the hope the violence will cause a white backlash and react against the civil rights and antipoverty programs. The FBI has also found indications that the communist strategy to create white counter-violence is succeeding. Ominous reports have been picked up in both Newark and Detroit that low-income whites are organizing vigilante groups ready to pay Negroes back, an eye for an eye. This could lead to pitched battles between Negroes and whites - a development that eventually could explode into civil war. - o - - NEGRO RIOTS DEAL CRUSHING BLOW TO ANTIPOVERTY PROGRAM- Ironically, the Antipoverty Program, which has helped to put the damper on Negro riots, is facing its darkest hour - as a result of Negro riots. A combination of Southern Democrats and Republicans, similar to that which killed the anti-rat bill, is determined to kill the Antipoverty Program altogether. "If the bill were reported out on the House floor tomorrow it would fail disastrously," confided Rep. Carl Perkins, D-Ky., who, succeeding Adam Clayton Powell as chairman of Education and Labor Committee, is in charge of the bill. Reasons for danger to the Office of Economic Opportunity at a time when it's needed most are twofold: 1. Southern Congressmen are using it as a scapegoat for the race riots. 2. Many Northern Congressmen have never like the program, because it duplicates and sometimes challenges their own political machines. In Newark, for instance, the OEO set up its own Negro leaders, not answerable to the political machine of Mayor Hugh Addonizio. In areas where OEO was set up by a local machine, as in Harlem where it was taken over by Adam Clayton Powell's cohorts, it worked well and has been largely responsible for keeping Harlem quiet. The false charge that OEO officials were responsible for the race riots was initiated by Rep. James Gardner, Democrat of Rocky Mount, N.C. Since then, others have latched onto it as a means of killing a program which Southern Congressmen don't like. Meanwhile telegrams from the mayors of various cities, including Tampa and Atlanta in the South, urge the continuation of OEO as a healthy, necessary influence in curbing Negro unrest. Jane Schmidt Of Titonka Wed Recently Jane Jeanette Schmidt, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Schmidt of Titonka, became the bride of John Thomas Dixon, son of Mr. and Mrs. Harlan Dixon of Clarissa, Minn., June 18. Pastor David Ide performed the double ring ceremony at Immanuel Lutheran Church. Carolyn Schmidt, organist, accompanied Paula Adix who was soloist. Escorted down the aisle by her father, the bride was attired in a floor length gown of ivory silk organza and elegant chantilly lace detailed with pearls and crystal beads over silk taffeta. The cage styled gown was fashioned with a curved neckline and long sleeves. Lace lavishly trimmed the neckline, sleeves and deep bordered hem, and the gown was highlighted with a bow to[>i>ecl Watteau chapel length train. Her Ixmffant veil of bridal illusion cascaded from a hat of lace touched with pearls. She carried a bouquet of white sweetheart roses intermingled with stephanotis and baby breath with white rose l*ids tied in the ivory ribbon streamers. Joan Schmidt served her sister as maid of honor. Bridesmaids were Marcia Leverson, Cynthia Schmidt, Mary Schmidt and Patricia Jacobson. Best man was James Dixon. Groomsmen were Kenneth Drag- setli, David Dixon, Rogert Helland and Ronald Holland. Ushers were Ronald Helgeson and Larry Kotval. A reception was held in the church parlors following the ceremony. Mrs. John R. Sleper, and Mrs. Art Musgraves poured, while Mrs. Don Hayes and Mrs. Wtllard Duda cut the wedding cake. Both the bride and groom are 1965 graduates of Waldorf College and are presently attending Wartburg College. They are residing at Waverly. Thursday, August 3, 1967 Atgona (la.) Upper Oei Moirtet-3 r •*• CROSSWORD PUZZLE =^ 1 ACROSS DOWN 25. Like I.King with 1. Primitive a |A|D|AM|S»/ C GAR^A blvIE R • B R Lii n E X 1 T touch 2. Idle £°d MElRiAiiElNlJ 6. Sailing 3. 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