The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on July 27, 1967 · Page 36
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 36

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Algona, Iowa
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Thursday, July 27, 1967
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Page 36
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Entered as second clnss matter at the postoffice at Alfona. Iowa, 1505111. Nov. I. 1032. under Act of Congress nt March 3. 18791 VOl. 101 NO. 57 ESTABLISHED 1865 (B3)e Hlgotta Upper ^. I ALGONA, IOWA, THURSDAY, JULY 27, 1967J * I I SECOND SECTION J All Of Kossuth included In Sioux Claim, Now Settled By Government For $12 Million Indians Sold H For IDc Acre; Fraud Upheld BY RUSS WALLER Rest easy — the Indians aren't going to get back Kossuth County after all. Maybe we didn't realize it, but the Sioux tribe did have a claim to most of southern Minnesota and part of northern Iowa, including all of Kossuth county (see map), and the government evidently thought their claim was valid enough so that matter has just been settled. The total area involved-about 29 million acres - which Sioux tribes sold in 1851 for about 10 cents an acre, has been renegotiated. After 16 years of litigation attorneys for the government and the Siouxtribes have agreed to a settlement of five treaty claims against the government for $12.25 million. The windfall for the Sioux descendants will go to about 1,000 now enrolled on tribal rolls, but one Sioux leader, Dean Blue, chairman of the Upper Sioux Tribal Council, thinks the number should be closer to 18,000. Two of the attorneys representing the Indians since 1952 will get about 10 percent of the total. Nearly 162 years ago Lt. Zebulon Pike, meeting with Sioux Indians on an island near what is now Mendota, south of the Twin Cities, negotiated a very fancy deal for the U. S. government. He persuaded two Indians to put their marks to the sale of two large, choice parcels of land totaling 243 square miles. It included much of what is now Minneapolis and St. Paul, plus the confluence of the Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers and, downstream, the fork of the Mississippi with the St. Croix. THE PRICE - left blank at the time- later was filled in at $500, and still later increased to $2,000. At the latter price, the property on which downtown Minneapolis now stands was therefore sold for something between one and two cents an acre. But even discounting 1805 property values, the treaty negotiated by Pike (he had yet to discover Pike's Peak) has been adjuged by 20th century morality as something less than just. IN ALL the treaties, negotiated from 1805 to 1858, the Sioux claimed that the money paid for cession of land was "unconscionably low," that the Indians were tricked into deals they didn't understand, that the United States reneged on its treaty obligations, or combinations of these. The total area ceded was about 29 million acres - including, in the 1851 Treaties of Traverse des Sioux and Mendota— most of what is now the southwestern half of Minnesota and a piece of eastern South Dakota. Also included were a strip of northern Iowa and a corner of west central Wisconsin. For the 29 million acres, the government paid something averaging about 10 cents an acre. THE 1851 treaties - under which four Minnesota Sioux bands Land Ceded By Sioux Treaties 1805-1858 AREA CEDED TO U.S. BY INDIANS ceded 24 million acres of rich farm land for just over $3 million in cash and annuities — is cited by historians as one of the causes of the bloody Sioux uprising of 1862. At least 450 settlers, and perhaps several hundred more, were slain before that war was over. Attorneys for the Sioux claim that when the treaty was signed with great pomp under a canopy of boughs at Traverse des Sioux on July 23,1851, Alexander Ramsey, governor of Minnesota Territory, got Indian signatures "by fraudulent means" on papers the red men thought were third copies of the treaty. Actually, they claim, the documents were promises to pay supposed debts to white fur traders. Through further trickery and coercion, the story goes, only a small portion of the treaty settlement ever got into the Indians' hands. In 1858 a group of Sioux chieftains were taken to Washington this time to sign away 900,000 reservation acres on the north side of the Minnesota river. Crops failed in 1861 and Indians were near starvation. In 1862 long delays in the arrival of annuities from treaty proceeds brought matters to the breaking point. THE UPRISING began at a farm house in what is now Meeker County. It spread throughout a vast area, including the Upper Sioux and Lower Sioux agencies on the Minnesota, the present sites of the state's two major Sioux communities. The insurrection resulted in the driving of the Sioux from Minnesota, the mass public hanging of 38 Indians at Mankato after the Spirit Lake massacre, and the passage by Congress in 1863, of a law abrogating all treaties with the four Minnesota bands. The Indians never accepted that law, and after the Indian Claims Commission was established in 1946 to adjudicate claims growing out of Indian treaties, the Sioux bands brought suit. THEY WAFTED to be paid the difference between what they got for their land and what the land was actually worth. The government claimed that the 1863 law nullified any claims, but this position was overruled. Attorneys for the two sides agreed this year to the out-of- court settlement-a price based on the value of the land in the 1 SCO's, not today's values, and which includes no interest. That agreement set the stage for a series of scattered meetings among descendants of the early Sioux braves. The settlement was ratified in meetings held in Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Montana. THE FINAL meeting was held June 11 at Morton, Minn., a stone's throw from the Lower Agency, where starving Indians attacked government buildings on August 18, 1862. Although the dollar amount is settled, new skirmishes are expected on how the money should be parceled out, and to whom, and Congress still must appropriate the money. Whether the money is distributed on a per capita basis, or for tribal uses, or a combination of both, will be written into the appropriation bill. The Sioux may fight among themselves on that question. And in the meantime, NOW you really own that farm I New Vehicles Total 32 Here In Past Week Registration of new vehicles in Kossuth County was up last week with 32 total listings reported. Six pick-ups, four motorcycles, two travel trailers and one truck were included in the sales, which were topped by Fords (9). Here are the new owners: Ford - Fritz E. Freyholtz, Fenton (pick-up); Milford J. Plathe, Irvington (pick-up); Hazelhoff Mtrs., Swea City; Vivian M.Dutton, Burt; Harvey C. Larsen, Armstrong; Richard H. Thompson, Burt; Clinton B. or Helen E. Godden, Algona; Roger Dean Wilcox, Lakota; Wayne H. or Darlene M.Gade, Whittemore. Chevrolet - Maurice P. Laubenthal, Wesley (pick-up); Al hln F. and/or Helen Ann Kayscr, Bancroft (pick-up); Ernie Williams, Algona (truck); Patrick T. McGuire, Bode (pick-yp); Elbert Chevrolet, Whittemore; Roger Lee Wilhelmi, Bancroft; Harold C. Gross, Whittemore. Oldsmoblle - Francis W. or Patricia L. Metzen, Algona; Gerald P. Frankl, Algona; Kenneth Duane or Betty Ann Krantz, Titonka. Plymouth - Ken's Auto Service, Algona; Miles M. or Lucile Janet Sloniker, Algona. Honda - Erwin L. Giesking, Tl- tonka; Arturo Villarreal, Swea City. Motorcycle - Irvin L. Pannkuk, Titonka; Verle A. Nelson, Titonka. Pontiac - Clifford W. Anfinson, Wesley. Mercury - Carl Lien, Swea City. Dodge-Marie D. or Henry M. Larsen, Swea City. Rambler - William Francis Baretich, West Bend. GMC - Elvin Maynard Godfredson, Armstrong. Rolite Travel Trailer - Eugene G. Hanig, Wesley. Sunset Travel Trailer - Clifford W. or Alvire R. Haase, Algona. Plans Shaping Up For Indian Day, Titonka At the regular meeting of the Titonka Chamber of Commerce, held Monday evening, members got off to a good start in making plans for the annual Indian Day celebration. For the first time in sever?.! years, the event is scheduled for early August. Dates are generally determined by the availability of the midway shows. Dates for this year's celebration are Aug. 1 and 2, with Murphy's Shows "The World's Cleanest Midway", to be in operation. This same show was here several years ago and have one of the finest midways available. Street Program Is Continued At Bancroft In action taken at Uie Bancroft town council meeting last Monday night a contract was signed to continue pavement from the Mrs. Helen Doocy residence, east past Heritage Home apartment building, now under construction. Work is slated to begin about Aug. 1. Also in conjunction with the street program, improvements are planned for the town's storm sewer system. The council renewed the 10- year city contract, which expires this year, with the Water Tower Paint and Repair Co. of Clear Lake for general maintenance and painting of the water tower, which is done every 5 years. The water tower has just received a complete painting inside and out and is reported in excellent condition. Two Mishaps Two minor mishaps were re- ported here last Wednesday. Total damage to three vehicles was estimated at $127.30 by police who investigated. At 3:01 p.m., an auto driven by Faye Satoff, Algona, struck a pole on West North street, resulting in an estimated $60 damage to the auto, and 29 minutes later a car driven by Howard B. Seely, Algona, struck one driven by Darrell G. Brown, Algona, in the rear at the Intersection of Main street and highway 18, resulting in an estimated $67.30 damage. Joyce Paulson Of Wesley Is Engaged To Wed WESLEY - Mr. and Mrs. John Paulson announce the engagement of their daughter, Joyce Carole, to Robert Donald Dohse, son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Dohse of Waterloo. Miss Paulson attended the University of Northern Iowa at Cedar Falls and is presently employed as a service representative for Northwestern Bell Telephone Co. in Waterloo. Mr. Dohse is a 1967 graduate of the University of Northern Iowa and will teach in the Cedar Rapids school system this fall. An Aug. 19 wedding is planned. - o - ACHIEVEMENT DAY Wesley Wizards 4-H Club will hold their annual Achievement Day in the Methodist church parlors Friday, July 28. Bonnie Becker and Wendy Lickteig will give a demonstration on "Corny But Good." Bessie Skow and Danna Larson will give one on "Bottle, Bottle Who's Got the Bottle." Shirley Becker and Kathy Skow will give one on "Creating a Friendly Glo." - o - PLAYED CARDS Mrs. Pauline Pfeffer entertained her contract bridge club Thursday evening, July 13. —I STATE STREET -- DOWNTOWN ALGONA FRIDAY & SATURDAY, JULY 28-29 FRIDAY PERFORMANCES - 3:30 AND 9:00 P.M. SATURDAY PERFORMANCES-ll A.M. -I P.M.-7:31 P.M. GET YOUR FREE COUPONS FOR REDUCED PRICE CARNIVAL RIDES FROM ALGONA BUSINESSES LISTED BELOW »¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥»¥¥¥¥¥¥»¥¥»¥¥¥¥» MECHANICAL RIDES WITH COUPON ¥ ¥ ¥ < ¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥ PONY & ELEPHANT RIDES WITH COUPON 25 fr ¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥*** ¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥ Farewoy Store Chuck Behr Standard Station Swansea's Grocery Elk Cleaners Harrison's Variety Hub Clothiers Carson's for Color Mode Q Day Shoppe Coast to Coast Penney Store Upper Des Moines Pub. Co. Tall Paul's Thuente Pharmacy Iowa State Bank Larry's Recreation Center S & L Department Store Sharp's Jewelry Suiter's Davis Paint Graham's Shilts Shoe Store Honsbruch Rexall Drug Fox Barber Shop ludwig's Cafe Willgen Jewelry KIGA Radio Chrischilles Store Advance Publishing Co. Dunn's Sure Save Market Hood's Super Valu Tom's Radio and T.V. Gambles Foster Furniture Store Smoke Shop Christensen's Diamond's Zender's Frederick V & S Hardware Store Hutzell'f Kirk's Shoe Store Security State Bank Bomgaars Ben Franklin 5 & 10 Algona Reminder Rusk Drug Montgomery Ward Read's Furniture Finn's Bakery Bjusirom Furniture Home Federal Savings & Loan Ass'n. North Central Public Services Sheakley's Dairy Queen Klein's Farm Supply Murl Porter Distributing Reid's Laundry & Cleaning Village *******************************************

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