The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 27, 1967 · Page 25
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 25

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Algona, Iowa
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Thursday, April 27, 1967
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Page 25
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Pastor Tells Why He Marched In Vietnam Protest Cites 7 Points Of Involvement Questionable Editor's Note - Rev. Chester L. Gulnn, Methodist pastor at Emmetsbure. took his family to Des Moines where they all marched in a protest demon- stration against U.S. involvement in Vietnam. Rev. Gulnn's statement as to why lie marie this decision was printed last week in the Emmetsburg Democrat, and we reprint it herewith as a thought-provoking article. April 17, 1967 Editor The Democrat I write thK- to communicate to our Emmetsburg neighbors the reasoning behind our family's joining the student Vietnam protest march in Des Moines last Saturday. We fully realize that such demonstrations are suspect in the eyes of many whom we respect greatly, including members of our own families. The most persuasive argument for not marching or in any way protesting bur nation's military involvement in Vietnam is the appearance of disloyalty to our country and lack of appreciation for the inconvenience, suffering and deatli which our young men in the armed forces are called to risk. The only logic which could possibly outweigh this argument is our belief that the suffering is needless and for an unjust cause. Persons who know us may not find it too difficult to believe that WE MARCHED BECAUSE OF OUR CONCERN AND LOVE FOR THE NATION'S YOUTH. "False Hopes" We have also weighed the possibility that vigorous protests may prolong the war by giving the Viet Cong a false hope of a military victory. Our question is: How long prolonged ? The Viet Cong have already deluded themselves into thinking that their military operations are successful enough to warrant their continuance indefinitely. Some of our Pentagon and state department officials have been telling us to prepare for a war that will last from 15 to 20 years. We believe that an aroused American conscience holds more promise for shortening the war than our present one of Intense military Involvement. We have further concluded that this is largely an emotional argument WASHINGTON Merry-Go-Round WASHINGTON - Vice President Humphrey has Joined those who are warning that the United States as well as the rest of the world faces a serious food crisis within the next few years. Humphrey is arguing at the White House that the corn and wheat crops even this year will fall below original hopes; that drought conditions still threaten food production in Southwestern states; that our stockpiles of both wheat and feed grains are already below the safety margin; that, with less than a month's reserve of feed grains on hand, farmers will be paying more for grain to feed their livestock, and this in turn means that U.S. housewives will pay more for beef, pork and dairy products. Humphrey has urged that U.S. farmers be encouraged to increase production rapidly by higher subsidies - but many experts say that even this will not forestall a food crisis within a decade. The world population explosion Is the reason. Medical knowledge and medical services are increasing throughout the world, with the result that fewer babies die and older people live longer. One scientist told the nation's newspaper editors last week that, even today, the average person ii> an -underdeveloped country has less to eat than he did ten years ago - birth and death rates are being cut faster than food production is increased. And he predicted that the gap between whaf s needed and what is produced will widen steadily. He further pointed out that, unless massive food assistance programs are launched, the world's poorer nations will soon face not only famine but riots and revolutions that will have incalculable consequences on the rest of the world. The grimmest part of the warning is that it already may be too late to stave off disaster; even huge birth control programs would be of limited value because food production is not in step with even the present population. A major reason for the food lag, of course, is the economics of farming; farmers do not operate at a loss if they can avoid it. And while shortages in themselves will encourage larger production by bringing higher prices, this does little to help the poor nations. One of their troubles now is that they do not have the money to compete for food in the world market, and their money will buy even less as prices rise. - o - -DOWNGRADING MOSES- Oceanographers believe they may have figured out how Moses parted the waters of the Red Sea to permit the children of Israel to escape from Egypt. They have discovered evidence that a mammoth volcanic explosion created a 1,200-foot deep crater on the sea floor. They reason that water may have rushed into the great hole, thus causing the sea to withdraw out of Moses's path, then swirled back over the pursuing Egyptians. Human remains have been found on the sea bottom, adding substance to the theory. . o - - NASA NEGLIGENCE - The National Space Agency has suppressed some damning details of the Apollo fire which killed three astronauts. For example, workers at Pad 34, where the disaster occurred, have revealed that they had never held a fire drill, that their firefighting equipment was inadequate, that their face masks wouldn't filter out ordinary smoke, and that their suits were DREW PEARSON fire-resistant up to only 400 degrees, therefore were useless for fighting the intense Apollo fire. The first fire fighters on the scene started to use a water hose, which would have merely spread the fire, and the hose had to be physically wrenched out of their hands. The investigation indicated that the fire was caused by a short circuit. Yet authorities had failed to take elementary precautions to prevent a short, though there had been two previous incidents which should have warned them. The first was reported by Astronaut Gordon Cooper, aboard Mercury 9, over Japan on his 19th orbit. -LIZ NOT ANTI-U.S.- Elizabeth Taylor, who has won the Oscar as last year's best actress, is still in trouble at the box office. Apparently American movie-goers resent the fact that she renounced her U.S. citizenship. Her announced intention of going to Hanoi with her husband, Richard Burton, to view the Vietnam war from the other side, isn't likely to improve her standing. The State Department has warned privately that the famous couple Till be walking into a "propaganda trap." The inside story, however, is that Elizabeth Taylor isn't at all anti-American. She wanted to share British citizenship with her husband 18 months ago. She made her wishes known to the American Embassy in Paris, but she refused to take the oath of renunciation of U.S. citizenship. The oath would have required her to "abjure all allegiance and fidelity to the United States of America." This was too strong language for her. Not until the oath was changed to a milder version and the word "abjure" was removed would Miss Taylor go through with the ceremony. She finally gave up her citizenship in Rome last October 11 - the day before Columbus Day. - o - - GARRISON'S PLOT WIDENS - Jim Garrison, the New Orleans district attorney who claims to have discovered the "truth" about President Kennedy's assassination, is now looking for a second man whom he expects to accuse of pulling the fatal trigger in Dallas. Garrison is not certain of the man's identity, but his main suspect is a mystery Cuban named Gonzalez. Garrison's theory is that the plotters originally intended to assassinate Cuba's Fidel Castro, then turned their scheme against President Kennedy after the Bay of Pigs fiasco. The FBI is also investigating a new report that Castro sent six or eight assassination teams to kill Kennedy, hoping that at least one might succeed. Castro was convinced, according to this story, that Kennedy was out to get him. - o - -ONE LAW FOR ALL- Judging by the mail that has been flooding Congress, the issue of Doddism is much broader than that of Tom Dodd himself. The public Is fed up with having one law for it and another law for Congress. People figure that the men who write the laws should not only know them but live up to them as conscientiously as those who don't write them but must obey them. The case of Sen. Dodd is a very important example. The Senate is getting awfully tired of hearing about this case and would like to forget it. Senators have been hoping against hope that he would resign. But the public is not tired and will probably keep pouring on the heat, not only regarding Dodd but the whole question of ethical conduct. The least that the public wants is observance of the law; and, anyway you look at it, Dodd has violated the law in at least five instances. - o - - SUMMER JOBS NEEDED- The White House is worried that this summer may be as long, hot and frustrating as the last one unless private employers get solidly behind the President's Youth Opportunity Campaign for vacation jobs for students. Approximately 13 million youngsters between 16 and 21 will soon be seeking summer work, many so they can return just get m it there... the DODGE BOYS will TRADE HIGH » i* GREAT TO GO DODGE Drive it in ... push it in ... but bring it in and you'll see what makes those Good Guys so good. Oh sure, they all wear white hats ... but wait'll you hear the deals they make. By tradin' high, The Dodge Boys bring low prices down even more. So it's easy, it's fun, it's Great To Go Dodge . . . especially now during Operation 67. Be a rebel and drive a revolutionary Dodge. ~~~ '67 DODGE DART inrl PERCIVAL MOTORS, INC. K£K¥£ 8 °° s °- PHILLIPS ST., ALGONA, IOWA BOYS See those straight-dealin' guys in white hats. to school in September. And at least two million will be out of luck unless local employers do their best to help. Vice President Humphrey, chairman of the job campaign, with Labor Secretary Willard Wlrtz, spearheaded the employment of one million youngsters in the summer of 1965 and 1,250,000 last summ?r. This year Humphrey and Wirtz started a month early in order to make a better record. Barring a maximum national effort, however, the problem will be greater than last year, when about one out of ten young white people seeking jobs, and one out • of four Negro students, were out of work and on the streets all summer. Vice President Humphrey has reminded summer job applicants In a booklet of employment tips that they can help themselves by (1) talking to their school counselor; (2) carrying Social Security and draft cards; a work permit and personal references; and (3) "be clean and dress neat, be honest and polite." Negroes accounted for about 18.9 million, or approximately one-tenth of the nation's population as of the last census. Helena, capital of Montana,was known as Last Chance Gulch by gold prospectors before It was founded as a community In 1864. The Delaware River, rising In New York's Catsklll Mountains and flowing (o the Delaware Bay, Is 315 miles long and drains 12.800 square miles. A Frenchman,Nicholas Appert, is credited with discovering the process of canning foods at the beginning of the 19th Century. advanced to weaken the democratic principle of the right to dissent. We also marched because we believe that students should not bear the whole brunt of the protest. For the most part, the participants were intelligent, thoughtful persons with a keen sense of justice. Demonstrations, of course, are never a solution to a problem. Their value is to call attention to the problem in a way that breaks through the apathy of the general public and the suppressive measures of the power establishment. Both the New Testament and early American history give dignity to this method of communication. We wish that writing our Congressmen, preaching sermons, etc., were adequate, but alas, they have been utterly Ineffective to date. The tiling that we in conscience cannot do is to remain silent. Why do we regard our government's position in Vietnam unjust ? This letter, already too long, cannot possibly give the historical background which leads us to this conclusion, but many reliable books are available to the person interested in learning the tragic history which preceded the present dilemma. The classical criteria for distinguishing between a just and an unjust war are sevenfold. (The following is from a summary by Dr. Robert Hamill of Boston University): "A Just War" (1) A Just war Is declared by proper legal authority. Our government has not declared war. Furthermore, in our judgment, the United Nations is now the only proper authority to undertake the resistance of aggression. (2) A just war must be waged for a just cause. The evidence that the Vietnam struggle is pri- Thuridoy, April 27, 1967 Algona (la.) Upper Des Mein««-3 marlly a civil war fought by Vietnamese people on both sides of a line meant to be a temporary demarcation raises serious doubt whether the United States is fighting a just cause. (3) A just war must be waged with just Intent or with good motive. We would like to think that U.S. motives are above question. Certainly the motive of most citizens is the respectable one of answering a friend's call for help. But are there less altruistic forces at work ? Does the United States really want nothing in southeast Asia ? No undeveloped natural resources ? No trade advantages ? No permanent bases ? A prevalent world opinion reflects a great suspicion upon our motives. "Last Resort" (4) A just war has to lie a last resort. Clearly, our government did not meet this condition. It did not appeal to the United Nations at the outset, nor take up U Thant's proposals in 1964, nor reply to several overtures initiated by Hanoi at times when such responses might have been fruitful. Instead, It escalated the war on its own initiative. (5) A just war must use appropriate methods. Our methods are being questioned by millions of people. What is the moral Justification for burning villages with napalm bombs, poisoning rice crops, and allowing prisoners to be tortured: The ancient rule declared that noncombatants must be protected, and homes be spared, but today's indiscriminate bombing and strafing make this impossible. Frequently, we even bomb friendly villages. (6) The just war requires proportionally, that is, the good achieved must outweigh the evil done. But how can the prospects for the future be weighed against the millions of refugees, the families torn from their homes, the thousands of orphans and thousands of waifs, children of the local women and American fathers, and the mutilated bodies and burned flesh of women and children ? Who dares promise that the bombing, which in 1966 alone exceeded the total bombing in the whole Pacific theater in all of World War n, will be outweighed by the good yet to come ? Further, when the war ends, will the fabric of Vietnamese society be so shattered it will take generations to rebuild ? (7) A just war must have reasonable hope of success. Today there is no such promise. Most people agree there is no hope for victory on either side, and most people are resigned to a long, perhaps endless, guerrilla war. It is unrealistic to expect that anyone will "win" in the old sense. "Box Score" The box score: four no's and three maybe's. This means simply that according to classic Christian guidance, Christian people cannot engage in this war with a clear moral conscience. This, in part, is why we carried a banner to the state house steps reading: CHRISTIANS PROTEST UNJUST WAR. In Itself, this was a feeble effort of little consequence. We can only hope that it will motivate others to search seriously for more effective means to sharpen the nation's moral awareness. Sincerely, Rev. Chester L. Guinn Pastor, First Methodist Church STRONG CHURCHES... Make Strong Communities "Let not your hearts be troubled; believe in God, believe also in me — John 14:1 We are never completely alone. God does not forsake us. It is because we forget to believe that the strength of faith is not there when we have need. Never forget. Remember always that the love of God for all mankind was manifest in the life and the sacrifice of Christ upon earth. If you understand why Christ lived and died upon the cross, you will know and believe in the goodness of God. Read your BIBLE daily and GO TO CHURCH SUNDAY These Special Weekly Church Messages brought to you by the following PUBLIC-SPIRITED BUSINESSES: VAN'S CAFE Junction 18 & 169 ESSER DRY CLEANERS FREE Pick-up and Delivery Phone 295-2827 - Algona, Iowa ZENDER'S Clothing for Men and Boys POST MOVING and STORAGE Local & Long Distance Phone 295-2275 _ Algona, Iowa PIONEER MI-BRED CORN CO. Herb Hedlund, Production Manager Perry Collins, Experimental Mgr. METRONICS, INC. O. B. Harmes "Super Speed" Tools SWANSON'S - ALGONA "Where Shopping Is A Pleasure" COLONIAL MOTEL Junction 18 & 169 SHUTS BROWNBILT SHOE STORE "The Shoe Store Thar Takes Care of Your Feet" Tel. 295-5371 - Algona, Iowa BENNIE B. WIBBEN, Bldg. Contractor 122 S. Heckart St. - Algona, Iowa KLEIN'S FARM SUPPLY Wayne Feeds - We Buy Eggs and Poultry 216 West State Street - 295-5206 ERNIE WILLIAMS John Deere Farm Equipment Highway 18 East - Tel. 295-3561 ALGONA VAULT SERVICE Algona, Iowa JOE BRADLEY EQUIPMENT Oliver CMC Trucks - Gehl Firestone Tires — Stanhoist KOSSUTH MUTUAL INS. ASSN. Your Friend - Before and After the Fire ALGONA IMPLEMENT CO. Your Friendly IH Dealer — 295-3501 IH Tractors — Trucks — Farm Equipment

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