Florida Today from Cocoa, Florida on January 22, 1974 · Page 4A
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Florida Today from Cocoa, Florida · Page 4A

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Cocoa, Florida
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Tuesday, January 22, 1974
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Page 4A
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4A TODAVrTuesday, January 22, 174 Di rty Snow' - By ROBERT ROBINSON TOOtY Itaff vVlttf A Nobel Prie winning Canadian scientist and his partner have discovered water molecules In the tail of the Crytiet Knhoutek giving, support to a 10 - year old theory that cornels are Just dirty tnouball. Dr. Gerhard Herrberg. a 1ST: Nobel Prize winner In chemistry, and Dr. .Hin Lew, , of Canada's National Research council, discovered the molecules while analyzing telescopic photos of the comet's tail Herzberg and Lew got their Information from the University of California's Lick Observatory at Mt. Hamilton, Calif . and the Asiago As - irnphvsical Observatory In - !ial Analyzing light .from the comet's tail, the researchers discovered five specific wave lengths that are produced by water molecules,, "This is one of the most Important findings so far," said Dr. Stephen 'Maran, director of Ooddard Space Flight Center's Project Ko - houiek. "It reinforces our belief that Kohoutek Is, scientifically speaking, the most important comet since Halley's, even though it's much dimmer than was originally expected," Maran said. tailier research revealed, the presence of methyl cyanide In the comet's head. Methyl cvanide Is a more complex molecule than scientists expected to find. It Indicated, Maran said, the comet was made of matter found between the stars. Instead nf the basic molecules present at ' the beginning of the universe. The "dirty snowball", theorv was proposed more than 10 years ago by Dr. Fred Whipple nf the Smithsonian AstrophyWal Observatory An Cambridge. Mass. Whipple said a comet head was composed of frozen gases in that held together dust particles. As a comet approaches the sun, Whipple said, the Ice melts and the dust flies away, producing a trail. TODAY - Sptciai Phoif MODEL OF VIKING MARS PROBE . Titan Centaur set as launch vehicle Vtkfng By ROBERT ROBINSON TODAY Slot Wrlttf In early February, NASA will test a new launch vehicle, the Titan Centaur, which combines the space agency's high energy rocket with the Air Force's most powerful booster. TJie Titan Centaurhas been designated as the launch vehicle for the 1975 Viking tp to Mats, But before It goes, researchers will check It, out to make sure It can put an object in orbit and propel It on Interplanetary flight. The Titan Centaur will be the last vehicle developed before the Shuttle becomes operative in 1980, NASA offl - BoosteiTttt - Ni3xtMonti - clals say. Aboird the Air Force's Titan 3C ft stacked NASA's Centaur third tuge, designed to give a spacecraft the extra boost tt needs for a long Journey. The Titan 3C holds a record for placing (he most satellites In orbit on one shot. In 1968, a Titan placed eight; communications satellites in orbits 22, - 300 miles above the earth. During February's shot, the Titan Centaur will carry 7,500 pound Vtklhg model and NASA's 218 - pound research satellite, Sphinx, which will be placed in earth orbif. The Titan Centaur, to be .named Titan 3E after testing, has a two - stage core vehicle powered by liquid fuel. Around the outsfde will be strapped two solid - fuel rocket motors which stand 83 feet tall, and produce 2,4 million pounds of thrust. The liquid first stage will Ignite almost two minutes after launch. Both the first and second stage use a kerosene like fuef. The third stage will be the Centaur, which uses liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen as fuel. The Centaur will push the craft 5nto a KH - mile parking orbit for 30 minutes, 'then re - lgnlte, sending the Viking streaking toward Mars. The rocket with the Viking atop stands 160 feet tall. Complex 41 at Kennedy Air Force Station has been adapt ed to service the vehicle. At least six missions have afready been scheduled for the Tltart Cenuur between 1974 and 1977. Two of those will be the United States' first soft landing on Mars. The Viklngs will be launched to the red planet between mid - August and mid - September next year. Although Mars at its closest Is 34.6 million miles from the earth, the Viking will have to chase the planet 4H0 million miles before catching it. '" I Opportunities to launch at Mars with a minimum expenditure of energy occur only once every 23 months. The Viking mission was originally scheduled for 1973, but .was postponed after budget cuts. ; , Both crafts will, arrive it Mars in 1976; about 360 dayt after launch. The 7,609. pound Viking Is really two spaceships In one. . .. i When Viking reaches Mars, It will go into an orbit around the planet. The orblter portion of the mission will run tests on the atmosphere and pick up a landing site. .Then the 2,500'pound lander will separate and enter the Martian atmosphere. Large parachutes' will slow the vehl - cle as it approaches the surface. The parachutes will be released and retro rockets will fire until Viking Is 10 feet from the planet's surface. UFO Center Set Up. To End 'Buffoonery' By TERENCE qiCKINSON Gonnttt Ntwt Itrvlct. The UFO phenomenon has been here for more than a quarter century and It's not going awayi By a recent survey,more than 13 million Americans have seen what they believe to be Unidentified Flying Objects. ' 'Any phenomenon which has occupied the thought of so many people for so many years Is Purely worthy nf serious scientific study," T. Allen llynek. probably the world's foremost authority on the subject, says. "The UFO phenomenon has not hern given serious attention in the past," Hynek insists. ','yet it is aa incontrovertible fact that a great many unsolved UFO reports exist."; llynek, chairman nf the Astronomy Department at Northwestern University, says the phenomenon 'has been the subject . of misconceptions, misinformation, and an unscienl i f ic - a pproach To help rectily, the situa tion,. HvneW and a selected scientists have estah lished tbe Center for UFO Studies, "for those who wish to see positive scientific action taken to end a quarter of a century of misrepresentation and buffoonery." Hynek has disputed the TODAY In Space scientific validity of the two major UFO studies conducted so far - both government sponsored projects. One. the so - called Condon report, Is based on the two - year fesearch of a group of prominent scientists headed by Dr.' Edward Condon, a noted physicist. Although i he conclusions nt the Condon report suggesting UrO's receive no further study were widely circulated in the press, llynek and others have found 25 percent of the cases studied remained unexplained. The other major study. Project Blue Book, was "a Cosmic Watergate or' else gross Incompetence," Hynek said. He was - its scientific consultant for 20 years. "Many interesting cases with scientific potential were disregarded," he said. Twenty percent of the Blue Book cases were unexplained yet the project was closed in 19 on the basis group of of the Condon conclusionsr Hynek believes the evidence Is strong that the UFO phenomenon represents something of great potential value to. mankind, The jCenter. provides a. way for the interests and talents of scientists and other 'profes sionals to be focused on this enigma. A constant problem In UFO research has been unscientific reporting and data collecting. To - alleviate (his, a toll - free, nationwide telephone number has been made available to law enforcement, officers across the country( and to other responsible organlza - ' tions on a 24 - hour basis. Ths enables the Center to .be quickly apprised of UFO events, to make preliminary evaluations and to dispatch local investigators to the scene. ....I'W . wmmmmm saaaaH iSaHMHHM BBBBBBBBB K iHiiiiA iiiiiiiiiBX SSSSStPViM 1 SAVE I SAVE "" SAVE iSAVE " Ring in the New Year with this Pleasant Surprise College to Install Radio Telescope AMHERST, Mass. (AP) Plans for a new super - sensitivesensitive radio telescope have been announced by the National Science Foundation and the University of Massachusetts. The telescope will operate on millimeter wave lengths, the shortest in the radio spectrum, for studies of in teriellar. molecules, according to Pror. G. Richard Huguenln. director of the Five - College Radio Astronomy Observatory. 351701$1051$1I,0B 4 PC.BOXOF CHICKEN (1li:.)RI.J1.4! Now Sl.Uwitk tail ctisii atCkitiiiUilimitii'! Lt'"tj - " I mi IPC. (OX OF CHICKEN (llo.ioi.)ltet. 12.19 Now $2.19 wititkiscoiooa atChicktaUilimitiii 12 - PC. BOX OF CHICKEN 210.111. 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