Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on June 7, 1998 · Page 20
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

A Publisher Extra Newspaper

Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 20

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Sunday, June 7, 1998
Page 20
Start Free Trial

A28 The Arizona Republic Sunday, June 7, 1998 THE NATION THE WORLD HEWS to KNOW HEWS gfthe WEEK 4- ; HEALTH . Key found to faster clock' A clump of cells in the brain that serves as the body's "master clock" has long been known to be reset by exposure to light. Now scientists have identified a new pigment in the eye that may explain how this resetting occurs. Aziz Sancar of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and a colleague found the new light-sen- sitive pigment called cryptochrome, or CRY in a . part of the retina that is distinct from the location of op-, sins, which are pigments that absorb light used for see ing. The researchers also found CRY in the suprachiasmatic nucleus, which is the part of the brain responsible for the body s master clock. The discovery could help explain how the clocks of blind people still function and are reset by light as well as such problems as winter depression, known as seasonal affective disor der, and jet lag. Study: Lefties don't die younger There's been much speculation that left-handed peo ple tend to die younger than right-handed people, per- haps because mechanical devices are designed for righties and therefore make lefties accident-prone. But a new study in the journal Lancet says that may not be the case after all. Simon Ellis of Keele University in ; Stoke-on-Trent, Britain, and colleagues received ques- ' tionnaires from 6,097 people ages 15 to 70 and traced . the respondents nine years later to see whether the left-: ;, ies tended to die younger. After taking factors such as age into consideration, (lie researchers found that hand- ' edness did not appear to be related to longevity. : Other scars from child abuse ', Childhood abuse may leave more than psychological scars: Research reported in the American Journal of ; Preventive Medicine implicates childhood abuse in a host of diseases ranging from heart disease to cancer. The reason for the link is probably that people who have been abused are more likely to smoke, use illicit ; drugs, abuse alcohol, overeat and be sexually promiscu ous than those who were never abused all factors be lieved to increase a person's risk for many types of ' chronic diseases, said lead researcher Dr. Vincent J. Fe-litti at the Southern California Permanente Medical Group in San Diego. . 'ENVIRONMENT Ginseng habitat disappearing Since the early 1 700s, people in much of eastern North America have foraged in the woods for wild ginseng root, highly prized as a cure-all in Asia and popular worldwide in herbal medicines, foods and tonics. But a study from the World Wildlife Fund finds that supplies of wild ginseng are dwindling in the United States, in places even to the point of extinction. Though overharvesting and poaching are contributing threats, researcher Christopher Robbins said, the main problem is loss of habitat, particularly in parts of Appalachia. Ginseng grows on the shady flooor in hardwood forests, which are often felled by loggers or for development. ETHICS Increasing juvenile organ donors The number of suitable juvenile organ donors could ' rise 42 percent if organs were taken from patients before they were declared brain-dead, according to a study in the journal Pediatrics. The study contributes to the ethical debate over the use of donors who are "heart-dead" but still have minimal brain activity. Currently, only a few hospitals across the country use such patients as donors. "There's a concern that it's hastening the death just to get the organs," said Dr. Tracy Koogler, a critical-case physician who co-wrote the study at Children's '. Hospital of Philadelphia. The study's authors argue that their research shows "benefits exist for individuals and society" from such transplants. CRIME Race, death penalty linked In the latest study to examine whether race affects who is condemned to die, an examination of 10 years of capital cases in Philadelphia has found that a Black defendant is nearly four times more likely to be sentenced to death than a White offender. University of Iowa law ', Professor David Baldus did the research, which will be reported in the Cornell Law Review. Baldus found that the defendant's race did not appear to affect the sentence in either the most heinous crimes or in those kill- ' ings considered to be the least likely to produce a death sentence. But in the midrange of crimes, where jurors and prosecutors had the most discretion, Blacks were substantially more likely than Whites to be condemned to death. Compiled from reports by the Associated Press, Washington Post, Medical Tribune News Service and Los Angeles Times. LOOKING AHEAD TODAY: The Tony Awards are presented in New York City's Radio Music Hall, hosted by Rosie O'Donnell and Anjelica Huston. MONDAY: President Clinton speaks at the opening ' of special session of the U.N. General Assembly on drug control policy. TUESDAY: Congressional primaries are held in South Carolina, Maine, North Dakota and Virginia; runoff in Arkansas. WEDNESDAY: The World Cup soccer tournament begins in Paris, through July 12. The Harley-Davidson Motor Co. 95th anniversary celebration begins in Milwaukee, through Saturday. THURSDAY: A federal judge is scheduled to release a psychiatric report on Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski. FRIDAY: The space shuttle Discovery is scheduled ', to land at Cape Canaveral, Fla., after the final docking ' mission to the Russian space station Mir. SATURDAY: The annual "Betty Picnic" is held in Grants Pass, Ore., celebrating women named Betty ; worldwide. Sources: Congressional Quarterly and the Associated Press. barry GOLDWATER 1909-1998 Gr eatest JoiMemice was feisty 6I Vtam It's not easy to come home. I get an odd feeling going out the door knowing my destination is the cactus, the bird feeder, or the hot tub. My early morning journey these days is tapping my cane along the walk to the tub. A new artificial right knee now eases the ache there the pain of 20 years finally became too much to bear but the ache in my left knee lingers. Both came from football and basketball injuries. The pain seems to reach everywhere my heels, shoulders, back, neck, both artificial hips, elbows, chest. A fellow comes to be philosophical about it after more than 15 operations, including a triple coronary bypass in 1982. Life has noy come full circle. Today, people Waiit me to give a lot of speeches. I guess some think old Goldwater has finally reached the age of reason. They give me testimonial dinners and hold public ceremonies. Arizona schools, military installations, roads, and kids are named after me. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Pentagon had a big blowout a 17-gun salute, parade, and Air Force flyover. Frankly, there's been too much of this, and I'm glad it's over. It sure ain't the old days. Three people my mother, an uncle, and a teacher finally convinced me that contributing something to the community was a lot pleasanter life than getting my britches burned in all kinds of trouble. My brother, sister, and some friends stood by my side when the going got tough. Individualistic woman My mother was a very individ ualistic woman, patriotic and ded icated to her community. Uncle Morris offered decades of public service to Arizona politics and the Masonic Order. Sandy Patch, one of my instructors at Staunton Military Academy, was one of the finest military officers this country has ever produced. My mother had a greater influ ence on my life than any other individual. It seems worth recalling some of those early years to see how and why the character of one person can leave such an impression on another. One of the things I. remember best about Mun the three of us always called my mother that was our annual summer trip from Phoenix to the cool beaches of Southern California. Mun and her three desert rats drove to California every summer because Phoenix was too hot. The trip across the Arizona and California deserts took about a week. Our car was loaded with gear spread across the seats into every corner of the car bedrolls, tents, other camping equipment, cooking utensils, a first aid kit, a rifle, and a box of shells. The stuff that wouldn't fit hung from the front and back lights, door handles, even the windshield. This included two spare tires. We had about two dozen flat tires each way. My brother, Bob, and I patched the inner tubes in mostly 120-degree heat. Mun wore knickers, leggings, and a beat-up old hat that she'd tilt at odd angles to make us laugh. She was about 5 feet 4 inches tall and 100 pounds of double-barreled action. Mun was a tomboy who loved the outdoors camping, hunting, fishing, and climbing. She was spunky and spontaneous, and she spoiled us rotten. Dad was home minding the store. Outdoor exercise was not his game. Fun and teaching PART ONE: YOUTH IN ARIZONA 7 h 1m u r 4 M'ift , . , ' f ffj if , SyhAJ If I I I'll ...-,....,l.T. ' .. Anzona State University Barry Goldwater (center) with his mother and his sib lings, Bob and Carolyn, in an early photo. To read an expanded excerpt from the book Goldwater by Barry M. Goldwater and Jack Casserly, as well as a transcript of Bob Goldwater's eulogy for his brother, go to Arizona Central at Today: Growing up in Arizona Monday: The 1964 acceptance speech Tuesday: A troubling dinner with Nixon When Bob, Carolyn, and I were still in grade school, she used to hitch our horse to the family buckboard and drive us out to the Phoenix Indian School in early evening. Ash trees and water ditches lined the dusty, unpaved four miles from our house to the school, located in farm country beyond Phoenix. Scattered buildings marked the corner of Central Avenue and Indian School Road, where the students studied, worked, and played on about 80 acres. The school, under the Bureau of Indian Affairs, opened in 1891. The grounds have since been enlarged to more than 100 acres. Some 200 Indian elementary and high school kids from various tribes throughout the Southwest would line up around the flagpole in the late afternoon. One of the teachers would read from a book or offer a history lesson. The students would sing the national anthem. Then the flag would slowly be lowered as one of the boys blew taps on a bugle, Mun saluted smartly as the flag was lowered. We and the handful of white families that came in those days also saluted. Everyone followed Mun's lead because she had such a distinguished bearing. Then the Indian kids marched off to supper, and we climbed back on the wagon and drove home. When we arrived, mother lowered the flag on our front porch. She flew it every day. Mun folded it alone, carefully putting it away until morning. She stitched the 47th and 48th Mun had the uncanny "ability of stars on our flag when New having fun and teaching at the same time. She kept her rifle cocked along the meandering route for coyotes, rattlesnakes, or any other critter that might bother her brood. We learned a lot about guns, camping, and protecting one another. Learning from her was never Mexico and Arizona entered the union. I was only 3 years old at the time. She talked about that day for years. My mother spoke a lot about our country when we were kids our heritage of freedom, the history of Arizona, how individual initiative had made the desert boring. None of us ever forgot bloom. Mun was a conservative those adventurous treks across the Republican and proud of it. desert because she had so much . , , , time to pepper us with her wit and H-XplOruig tnC State wisdom. She wanted us to know our state My mother taught mostly .and took us everywhere not through example. One of her only the cities, mountains, and greatest lessons was patriotism. ' rivers but the Navajo, Hopi, Apache, and other reservations. She would smile when we asked questions. I loved her smile. It was big, like sunrise over the Grand Canyon. My mother took us to services at the Episcopal church. Yet she always said that God was not just inside the four walls of a house of worship but everywhere in the rising sun over Camelback Mountain in Phoenix, a splash of water along the nearby Salt or Verde rivers, or clouds drifting over the Estrella Mountains, south of downtown. I've always thought of God in those terms, not in going to church every Sunday. I rarely, if ever, talk religion and never used it to appeal to the people in politics. To me, religion is personal, private. It's an inner conviction and an inspiration to a better life. Mun lectured us a lot on our conduct toward others. She always said, "The other person may have the right to feel the way he or she does. Hear them out. You may learn something. They II respect you for taking the time and are more likely to listen to your side." Her words never left me. I often recalled them in Senate debates and smiled at the reminder. Some of my opponents must have won- dered why I was smiling. I never explained. Mun was a feisty woman. She smoked, drank now and then, and used a hearty "hell" or "damn" when she was at her rope's end. Mun wore flapper dresses at parties sometimes she and Dad kept going all night and knickers when hunting squirrel or playing golf. She was a " fine golfer, played whenever she could, and won several local tournaments. Mun also liked hunting and was a good shot even in her 80s. My mother raced around town in a car and went camping in the wilderness when most women's biggest adventure was the daily walk to the grocery store. The miracle is that my father impeccably dressed, conservative, never drove a nail or car in his life, showered twice a day and slept in fresh sheets, never a bedroll under the stars, a man of measured words, tone and bearing met, married, and loved my mother until the day he died. Yet I've never met two more different people. The two met in the Goldwater store and bachelor Baron fell hard. The couple married at St. Luke's Episcopal Church in Pres-cott on New Year's Day, 1907, during a snowstorm. My Uncle Morris and his wife, Sallie, hosted the wedding feast. I was later to meet my own wife, Peggy, at the Goldwater store. I was born at "our home in Phoenix their first child on my parents' second wedding anniversary, New Year's Day, 1909. Monday: The 1964 acceptance speech. From the book "Goldwater" by Barry M. Goldwater and Jack Casserty. Copyright 1988 by Barry M. Goldwater and Jack Casserly. Published by Ooubleday, a division of Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved. SUNDAY WWW "i Val HoeppnerArgus Leader Sharon Kaffar pushes her 8-week-old son down Main Street in Spencer, S.D., Monday amid storm devastation. Tornado wipes out S.D. town i A tornado wipes out most of t(je small farming community of Spencer, S.D., killing six people and destroyt ing the post office, fire station, library, bank and all -four churches. The twister is part of a swarm of thun "; derstorms that batter the upper Midwest with winds ' " gusting to more than 100 mph. Upward of 900,000 . -w homes and businesses lose power in Minnesota, ; Wisconsin and Michigan, and five other deaths are ' blamed on the storms. MONDAY f" Clinton drops privilege claims President Clinton drops the claims of executive privilege he had in- voked in the Monica Lewinsky in- vestigation, moving to reduce the J, prospect of a quick Supreme Court , review in the highly charged constitutional clash between the White House and independent counsel Kenneth Starr. But the president continues to press claims of a law- -yer-client privilege to sharply limit -the questioning of Bruce Lindsey, ' one of Clinton's closest confidants. - , "V Bruce Lindsey TUESDAY Lewinsky lawyer is fired William Ginsburg, the loquacious malpractice' lawyer from Los Angeles who created controversy as he de- " fended former White House intern Monica Lewinsky, is fired by her family. Lewinsky's new lawyers are Plato. Cacheris, best known for representing Iran-contra figure Fawn Hall, and Jacob Stein, who once was independent counsel in an investigation of former Attorney General ! Edwin Meese III. . , ; ' WEDNESDAY :t ft input m" 'I Michael ProbstAssociated Press Wreckage is lifted Wednesday in Eschede, Germany, to allow rescue workers to search for train-wreck victims. German train wreck kills 100 Hurtling along at 125 mph with a momentum that piles train cars one atop another in twisted heaps of steel, Germany's fastest passenger train derails and jack-knifes because of a broken wheel. At least 100 people are killed and 200 injured. THURSDAY Supreme Court rejects Starr In his first court setback in the Monica Lewinsky in vestigation, independent counsel Kenneth Starr loses a Supreme Court appeal to compel grand jury testimony from presidential aide Bruce Lindsey and three Secret Service employees. This likely means months of legal maneuvering before Starr might get testimony that he has called critical to determining whether President Clinton lied about his relationship with the former in- : tern and asked her to lie about it. Nichols sentenced to life Calling him an "enemy of the Constitution," U.S. District Judge Richard Matsch sentences Terry Nichols to life in prison after Nichols refuses to answer lingering questions about how he helped plan and pull off the Oklahoma City' bombing. Nichols, 43, was convicted Dec. 23 of conspiracy and involuntary manslaughter in the April 19, 1995, bombing that killed 168 people and injured hundreds. He was acquitted of murder and weapons of- - ) -i if Terry Nichols fenses. FRIDAY Reno removes suicide aid hurdle Attorney General Janet Reno decides that federal drug agents will not pursue doctors who comply with Oregon's landmark physician-assisted'suicide law. The Drug Enforcement Administration does not have authority under the federal Controlled Substances Act to arrest or revoke the drug licenses of Oregon doctors who pro-1 vide lethal doses of medicine for terminally ill patients, Reno decides. Compiled from reports by the Associated Press and Scripps Howard.

Get access to

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 19,100+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Publisher Extra Newspapers

  • Exclusive licensed content from premium publishers like the Arizona Republic
  • Archives through last month
  • Continually updated

Try it free