The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 29, 1949 · Page 6
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March 29, 1949

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 6

Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, March 29, 1949
Page 6
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BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 19<if) THE BLYTHEVILLB COURIER NEWS TBS OOURITR NKW8 CO. H. W HAINES, Publisher JAUE8 L. VXRHOEFF, Editor MtTL D. HUMAN, Ad»«rt4»tot •oto NtttonU Adrerttelnc Wtlko* Winner Co.. New York. Ohlct«o, Detroit, Published ETKJ Afternoon Except Sundij Entered w (ecood class matter it the port- offlc* «t BlytheviUe, Arkansas, under act oJ Con- (rco, October », 1117 Member of The Associated Fret* SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By curies in the city ol Blythevlll* or «nj tuburbao town where carrier service U malo- telned, Mo per week, or 8Sc pel month By m«« within a radlui ol 50 miles, $4.00 pet year, $3.00 for six months. 41.00 for three month*; - by mall outdde 50 mile tone 110.00 per year payable m advance. Meditations For the work of a man shall he render unto hUn, and ranie ever; man to llnd according to nil waya,—Job Mill. • * * In men whom men condemn as ill I find so much of goodness Etill; In men whom men pronounce divine I find *o much of sin and blot, I heeltate to draw the line Between the two, when God has not. —Joanquin Miller. Barbs There's a difference between reasons that sound good and good sound reasons. Another Chinatown broke out In a tong war- but they alwajri wem able in Iron out their dlffl- eullfea. * * » Junk dealers must lead a happy life—they always get along to gather. Today'* driver Is known by the fenders he keep*. • * * Borne men marry to have someone to tell their troubles to, and soon have plenty to talk about. Armed Forces Sorely Need Publicity Office Mergers publicity* We hope that William Frye, who heads the new publicity bureau, brings to the job u broad and neutral outlook. And we hope he will have appropriate authority and the support of a defense secretary who will crack down hard, if need be, on the public airing of intra-mural jealousies. Two Attacks on a Common Problem More than 1600 leaders of business, labor and government, both state and federal, met in Washington last week at the Presidents invitation to discuss industrial safety. On their return to their several hundred communities they will try to help reduce the average annual toll of 2,000,000 industrial accidents, 16-18,000 deaths and 90,000 permanent disabilities. They will be leaders in a campaign in which all must work together to prevent injuries—and the great majority of them are preventable—through greater safety protection by the employer and greater care by the worker. At the same time eastern coal miners are engaged in a work stoppage. Their union president. John L. Lewis, states that the stoppage is a mourning period for the minors killed and injured last year. Without disparaging honest sorrow, it seems to us that Mr. Lewis is only adding economic injury to physical injury. Not strikes and recriminations, but co-operation, as represented in the Washington conference, is surely the better way of reducing ctcath and injury among our workers. The Pedestal Is Ready NORTH ATLANTIC SECURITY PACT VIEWS OF OTHERS Why Waste Scientists? Retiring Defense Secretary Forrestal has made a belated move to give "unification" of tha armed forces a more practical meaning. Aa Congress threatened a probe of news leaks and unilateral action* by the three services, Mr. Forrestal announced that their separate public information sections would be consolidated. ' Previously a member of the House had criticized the Air Force for releasing to the press a list of some 70 targets in Russia that could be reached by nonstop bombers carrying atomic explosives. But this was only one of several instances of questionable policy and policy supervision. "Unification," as administered, has intensified rather than diminished inter- service rivalry. The creation of a separate Air Force has simply resulted in making that rivalry a three-way rather than two-way contest. The new Air Force Department, justifiably proud of its war record, set out to convince the country that it could win another war almost single-handed. The Navy, fighting for its life and prestige, started counter-punching. Both these departments—and the Army too, of course—put in some highly disunified budget requests with Congress. The Navy and Air Force used the potential tragedy of the airplane crew that crashed in Greenland as a sort of contest, with both racing to the rescue in a flurry of separate news releases. The Navy minimized the "damage" caused by a mock atomic bomb in sea maneuvers. The Ajt Force replied with a non-stop bomber flight around the world. And so on. All this cannot be dismissed as diehard pettiness. It >s an effort to nullify the law which created what was meant to be, and what can be, a more efficient instrument of national defense. It also takes the atill-disunified armed forces into diplomatic territory where they do not belong. When the Air Force flics a bomber non-stop around the world it is not simply showing off the efficiency of our aircraft and the skill of their crews. When it releases a list of possible atom- bomb targets in Russia it is not simply belittling the Navy. It is trying to frighten Russia. And in doing so it is making foreign policy on its own. The world flight and the bomb Ur- geti were meant, we trust, to be examples of defensive action. But Russia can exploit them •« our virtual admis- »km of the Soviet charge of "warmon- (irbiff." Such actions do nothing to ease i international tension. There is a reaV and evident need lo ••iff »«l 40-ordinat* armed force* \, ' ''. Belgrade Becomes Focal Point For Shrewd East-West Game Acheson Hopes Atlantic Pact Signers Will Treat Alliance as Binding Moral and Legal Obligation The Army has at long last got around to taking cognizance 01 a major complaint that was heard during World War II—that the armed services wasted the vital dkllls of many scientists and technicians, in Uie way of belated atonement, a special Army board recommends all American scientists, regardless of age and physical condition, to oe exempted from military draft and put In a special manpower pool so the best use may be made of their abilities. After questioning 16,000 scientists and engineers who served in the war, tho board learned that only 30 per cent felt their abilities were used effectively, while 37 per cent reported little or no use was made of their skills and knowledge. Although the board doesn't mention It, this misuse was a double wastage. Dr. Vannevar Bush, wartime director of tho Office of Scientific Etc- scarch and Development, said in his report to the President soon after the war ended that indiscriminate drafting ol students and technicians cost this nation the scientific capital equivalent to 160,000 bachelor's degrees and 17,000 Ph.D'. Their absence would not have been noticed in the Army or Navy, but (akcn from the iicld ol science they have loit a dangerous vacuum. Technology moves swiftly nowadays. New weapons and major Improvements of old weapons come quickly. The quantity, quality and proper usage of scientific manpower could be decisive In another war. Misuse of German scientists and engineers has been widely cited as one of tile major reasons for Germany's defeat. William Osenberg, one of the leading Nazi scientists, said: "Germany lost because of incomplete mobilization and utilisation of scientific brairu." This statement receives .support In a new book, "Science at War," by two British scientists, J. a. Crowther and R. Whtddlngton, who write; "They dratted scientists into the armed forces 'o assist In the invasion of England. They did not realize until the end of 1943 th»t new scientific developments would be necessary if they were not to lose the war. But In the years from 1940 to 1942. British radar scientists had leapt too far ahead ever to be caught up " Britain and Russia used their scientists and technicians wisely histend of just slapping them into a uniform. Our own mistake—fortunatciy not as telling as those of our enemy—have been pointed out repeatedly. Now the Army comes forward with supporting evidence ot its own blundering In trils field. Certainly it must be high time for our armed services to realize ttiat the manpower problem, In war or peace, must be Mewed qualitatively from the standpoint of national security and not Just In the narrow military sense of getting so many bodies to use as cannon fodder. —ST. LOUIS POST-DISI'ATCH. By Peter Edson NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON, (NEA)—Secretary of State Dean Acheson got right down to basic English when he unveiled the text of the proposed North Atlantic Pact. He was asked whether this treaty would impose a moral as well as a legal obligation on the United States to BO to the defense of European nations attacked by an aggressor. The secretary drew a homely parallel. Suppose a man makes a contract lo buy a cow for $100, he began, you could consider this entirely a legal contract. It cither the buyer or the seller of the cow backed out of the contract, the other could go to court. And the judge could force the two parties to live up to their contract. Decent people carry out their contracts without going to court, the secretary went on. When decent people do live up to their contracts it doesn't make any difference whether they do so because of their moral or their legal obligations. If all countries were equally as decent, there would be a lot less trouble in the world, the secretary observed. But in International contracts there is no sheriff sitting on a high cloud to make nations live up to their agreements. So It's up to the nations themselves to make good on their promises, regardless of whether it's a moral or a legal obligation. The Pact Is a. Contract In this North Atlantic pact, the United States, Canada, Britain, Belgium, France, Luxembourg and the Netherlands hnve proposed a legal contract to do certain things. They have Invited Norway, Denmark, Italy, Portugal and Iceland to Join them in this undertaking. If all 12 governments ratify the pact, they will have a contract to consider an armed attack on any one of them as an attack against them all. Their contract would commit them only to consult whenever the territory, Independence ,pr security of any one of them is threatened. (Art. 4.) They leave to broad interpretation \vhat shall be considered threat, but they define specifically what shall be considered an armed attack. (Art. 6.) If there is any doubt about whether any incident is a threat to the peace—if It Is just a border flare- up or an entirely internal political revolution, no action need be taken. If, however, a revolution in any country I.s stirred up by a foreign power or if there is an all-out attack such 85 Germany launched against Prance in 1914 and 1940, then the other countries would take action. Whatever action Is taken will be decided on by the constitutional processes of each country. (Art. 11.) For the United States, this means that any decision to go to war can be taken only by Act of Congress, as provided In the U. S. Constitution. This settles for all time the great to-do made by Senator Van- denbcrg a few weeks ago. Each country Is to be left free to judge its own course of action. Must Agree with UN Charter Moreover, any action taken under this North Atlantic pact must be complete agreement with the Jnited Nations Charter. (Arts. 1 and 7.) Whenever the United Na:ions Security council takes jurisdiction over an armed attack and restores peace, action under the pact will be terminated. (Art. 5.) Though the emphasis Is on defensive measures to resist aggression, the pact is not just a military alliance. It calls for building up the capacity to resist attack. (Art. 3.) ! But it also calls for settling disputes by peaceful means, without the use ot force, and for promoting free Institutions and economic cooperation. (Arts. 1 and 2.) There in brief you have the guts of the proposed North Atlantic pact, which has been in the making since last October. It Is really a magnificent document. It Is only 800 words long. Its 14 articles and preamble are short. The sentences are short. Tht DOCTOR SAYS By Edwin P. Jordan, M. D. Written (or NEA Serfice Tht average child who was born In the United States 100 years ago could expect to live to the age of 40, Actually this meant that many hlldren died In Infancy and In arly childhood; some lived well »yond, the age of 40. Fifty years go a child at birth could expect to Ive en the average tor 40 years lie Improvement continued, until n 1847 life expectancy had risen to However, It costs more to live onger. As was pointed out by on eminent physician some time ago when appendicitis was treated by applying poultices and admintster- ng pills, the cost of medical care was low. of course, a high proportion of tiiose striden with appendicitis died. Now the Inflamed appendix L> generally removed but, ^he cost or the hospital and the surgery n much higher. Mut most patients get well. This is only one example. It U not only the number of deaths which Is a measure of medical progress, however. The medical progress, however. The medical pro- profession alms not only to prevent deaths but also to relieve suffering. Diseases Are Replaced Typhoid fever, diphtheria, pneumonia, tuberculosis and many other diseases have become far less Important as causes both of illness and death than they used to be. However, there are more people living to older years and thus become candidates for high blood pressure, hardening of the arteries, certain types of heart diseases, cancer and similar conditions which have always taken their toll of older people. With this change In the importance of disease, there has come a change in emphasis on the diseases subjected to medical research. Some of those mentioned may eventually be partially or completely conquered, but no matter how much money is spent the time will probably never come when people will live forever. Note: Dr. Jordan i.s unable to answer individual questions from readers. However, each day he will answer one of the most frequently asked questions in his column. • • • QUESTION: What causes, puJfi- ness below the eyes?, ANSWER: This can be due lo a kidney condition which results in the accumulation of fluid in the loose'tissues below the eyes. Some people, however, seem to have pufiiness below the eyes unrelated to any disease condition and perhaps in such cases it is merely a family tendency to deposits of fat in this area. They are clear. All the legal where- ases and the diplomatic baloney that usually hashes up such international agreements have been eliminated. If interimtiory*! affairs could always be spelled out in such simple language, foreign policy would be a lot easier for the average citizen to understant. There will of course be some jawing over the line points of what this pact may let the United States in for, and what it is going to cost to rearm Europe. The State Department apparently wants ail such discussion reduced to a minimum, for handling by the council Itself later on. The printed text of the pact indicates It is proposed for signing in the lirst week of April. That leaves two weeks for debate. Read courier News Want Ads. IN HOLLYWOOD By Erikine Johnson NEA Staff Correspondent 50 THEY SAY Most people never g,ow up. The things we've got to do In our Institutions Is try to build up more maturity. Mature people arc happier. At least they can rationalize the world in such B way that they arc not going to beat their heads against B wall. —Novelist John p. Marquand. • « • Real faith is imptwlblc without observable proofs, and the function ot proof Is to strengthen faiths.—Dr. J. A. Campbell, professor of chemistry, Oberlln College. » * • Rejection of American «ld would not only drive China to stagnation but also unto death Usell.— Sun Fo, ex-Premier of China. • 9 * It's time for us old "fuds" to begin to go, and let the next generation come into its own.—Prcsl- d*nt Truaiin. HOLLYWOOD —(NEA)— The best—the most fabulous—the most fantastic—the most disorganized Junket In Hollywood's history. That's the unamlous vote of 40 film stars who returned to Hollywood from oil man Olen McCarthy's double premiere of his Shamrock Hotel and his first motion picture, "The Green Promise." "It was four days of Bedlam, Inc., with a laugh a minute. Today. look- Ing back, I don't know where to begin. Take room service for Instance. Everyone has their favorite story about that. Pat O'Brien said nc ordered a glass of tomato juice and t\v6 hours later got an old man's Uixcrto. I saw J. Carrol Naish wandering around In the hotel lobby at mld- nlplit. He said: I'm checking up on that sandwich I ordered for hmrh." You couldn't get the telephone operator for hours, cither, Wnlly Ford tried to rail Pat O'Brien, fivi floors away. After an hour of try ing to get the operator, he gave up went downstairs to the tclcgrnpl office ond sont pat a tolcqrani. Confusion Plentiful Mr. Alan Hale hnd to call Holly wood. "You bolter have some brca and water handy," said Alan. ' There was .so much confusion Ihc Shamrock Hint Howard Hughe met a Rirl Johnny Meyer didn know. It was the same confusion thn threw a monkey wrench Into Por thy Lamour's radio show in Ihe Emerald Room Ihc nlrtht McCarthy dedicated the hotf-1. Dottoe's favorite story ot Iliat .s when a woman walked up on the stage during the broadcast and asked: "May I please hnve your autograph?" Dottle started lo slRn to eel rid if her, discovered llic woman already had her autograph, signed ngr.ln. The room service bills (I bet McCarthy had a headache drsptlr. hl» m\llionB) looked like the nalnr of the stars who signed them. Someone was telling Mrs. Hall wisher that dinner in their room or four people had cost $98. Mrs. wisher asked blankly: "What did on have, corn flakes?" I tried to talk the hotel's press gent. John Kemp. He was being lobbed by newspaper writers and with phone calls. Finally he tist collapsed and said: "Wouldn't It be wonderful to open hotel without people?" I heard someone ask room servce: "Can you sign fqr money?" Wist have been the fellow whose '111 for five nights at the hotel was 1200. A nice little man was nsslRncd o answer questions for the stars. Someone called his office and his sccrrtary answered 'the phone. She was asked where he was, "Where Is he?" she screamed. "I naven't even met him!" Parade on Schedule Only one event ran smoothly and on schccluV—the torchlight parade of stars In open convertibles for personal appearances at the two theaters prcmierlng "The Green Promise." Thai was wonderful. Nearly 200.000 Housronlans turned out lo cheer their favorites. I rode with Bob Pnicc. one of the stars of the film and co-producer with Monty Collins. The bobby-soxers squealed with drlicht, when they saw Bob. Jack Panr did a great job as emcee and the HKO boys can take a bor: all nvonnd for the efficiency. F.d Gardner's favorite story about the stampede of the Emerald Room Is a classic. He was hclnR mobbed for ruilo- Kraphs. nnd asked nil the Houston Indies, "Docs your husband own nn oil well?" One finally snld her husband did. Rd drawled, "Would you like my McKENNEY ON BRIDGE By William E. McKenney America's Card Authority Written for NEA Service Sometimes Safer To Lose a Trick I have often said that bridge players come from all walks of life, but I never expected to find one who has an early morning program on radio or television. I thought that bridge players stay up too late at night playing bridge to get up In the morning. and did not take up contract until she was marled. When her husband told her that contract was difficult to learn, she was undaunted. "I got my first job with an advertising agency," she told him, "because I spelled 'atom' correctly. The nine previous applicants had spelled it A-D-A-M." She admits, however, that it still is a shock to her every time she makes her contract. Although she says she used rto science when she made the contract on today's hand, she did use the right technique. The queen ol clubs was opened by West—and Miss Norrte Just decided not to play the ace or king. She put on the three spot. When West continued with the Jack of clubs, Mi-ss fforris won this trick. Now she did not have to guess about the diamond* or spades, because she still had the club suit stopped. As a result, aJl her opponents took were two aces and the queen of clubs. Had she won the first club trick and decided to set the diamonds, she could not have made the contract. By Sigrld Arne (For DeWitt Mackenzie) M>) Foreign Affairs Aualvst WASHINGTON, March 29-W)— Yugoslavia's capital, Belgrade, Is now the locale of one of the more exciting cat-and-mouse Ramos i mong the diplomats. Stories out there will bear watching the next month or so. The prize played for Is nothing less than a nation. Will Yugoslavia. stay on the Kremlin leasli, or will she join the Western world? Diplomats here point out that If Yugoslavia's dictator. Marshall Tito, finally breaks with Moscow and allies his nation with the, the defection fill certainly raise debate In other Middle European capitals- Sofia, Prague-and Warsaw, among them. Yugoslavia came out of World War II with Moscow-trained Tito at its head. It became a party to the. security and trade treaties through which Moscow sel out lo bind Middle Europe lo Moscow plans. Then last summer, to the surprise of the Western world, the Comin- form cast off Tito, saying that he was pursuing a "nationalist' policy. Tilo Wauls Industries Tito has countered in several speeches since then. They add up lo a Yugoslavian fear that the nation w r ould be forced, under Moscow planning, to act as merely a source of raw materials to the rest of the Soviet bloc. And Yugoslavia, like so many other nations today, wants to do 9 more than empty out ores and cotton olid wheat for some other nation's factories. It wants some of Its own factories. Yugoslavia has valuable mineral deposits. It wants, at least, a small steel industry. Moscow promised Yugoslavia some Machinery, hut there is no certain way for Washington trade experts lo know whether Russia ever- delivered. Tito's worries about his nation staying a raw material supplier, however, would seem to indicate that Moscow forgot to deliver the machinery she promised. Since last mid-smnuier Tito and his nation have lived in a half- world. They were lossed off by the Corn- inform, which binds together the Soviet Union and i(.s satellites. They were cut off by the Western world since late 1916, when the United States ordered that no materials with a war potnetial could be rhlp- ped into the iron curtain area. That embargo has become almost complete. Jf,ast December Tito told his nation that trade with the Soviet Union would also he cut short. Moscow had decided that it would ship' to Yugostovia in 1949 just one- eighth of what it did last year. Sn Yugoslavia lives half isolated both from communism and democracy. Wins Vote of Confidence But Tito has kept his power In the seven months since he was cold shotildered by the Moscow-created Cominform. He still controls both the Army and the Secret Police, and he has just received a vote of confidence from the Yugoslav Communist Party. In the nnst weeks neirs renorts Sec MacKENZIE on Page 9 11 J| 75 Years Ago In Blythevillc — C. G. Smith and Chester Caldwell left today by motor for Washington D. C. where they will attend to business for about 10 days. Enroute home Mr. Caldwcll will visit his brother Herschell nnd Mrs. Caldwell in Durham, N. C. Mrs. T.- O. Seal spoke on "Social Problems Of Today" when the woman's Club met for n business and social meeting at the club honss yesterday afternoon. '"The Recovery Act" was the subject of a talk given by Mrs. James Hill Jr. Mrs. S. S. Stcrnberg the prescient presided and Mrs James B. Clark was appointed to head the Art Department for the coining year. Mrs. C. C. Langston returned last night from a- visit with relatives in Jackson and DeKalb. Miss. She was accompained home by her daughter Miss Adele and Miss Sart Nunn. sti;dentr. at the University of Mississippi, Oxford. little ole milogrnph?" The efficiency with which the hotel got the stars out of the hole Ihn morning of our departure though, WM terrific mid Incon- 4KJ9J V AJ3 «Q103 4854 1TKQ4 »KJ8S + AK3 Rubber—Nfiithcr vul. South West North East 1N.T. Pass 3N.T. Pass Opening—* Q z9 Radio Star HORIZONTAL 3 Victims of 1 Depicted radio leprosy star, Harriet The other day, however, I me Kathi Noiris. who ha a televlsiol show called "Kathi Morris' Telcvi sion Shopper" over the Dumon network every morning. Kathi has a lot of charm and personality and sh€ puts on a good show. She used to play auction bridge 9 Weight deduction 13 Marked with interstices 14 Portent 15 Calyx leaf 16 Broke under strain 18 Hardens 19 Sow 20 Symbol for rhodium 4 Abhor 5 Ailments 6 Rough lava 7 Rights (ab.) B Low haunt 9 Drunkards 10 Units of electrical intensity 11 Bamboolike Rrass 12 Conclusion 17 While 22 Harvest A L 1 N S A R 1 b E i> 5 E N E ki A Pj 1 K A T t 3 N e ••/, U L f> E ft '// C A N J *^ '// C L L 1 O E S '// p A r A J 1 \ P O E. 1 f S L E. \r \ \ A p S t 1 A r D 1 1 0 t y IIT E N 1 L> ^ O S t ft f. h C -} T *'/.• S A H L) 1 N F S S i T c. '•'/ M O U T E b~ H A t _ A T - b' S_ U E N h S t U E N e s w A R b L» gruous after all the bedlam. For four day no one could gel any information about anything. Dut at 8:15, everyone's telephone •ang and the operator said sweetly: "The time is 8:15, the temperature is 49." At 9 the bellboys suddenly appeared for the lugtsnge, and at 9:15 rt licet of cars arrivced to lake the Hollywood party to the station. Maybe they were just happy we wer« le«viii|.. 21 Railroad (ab.) 2 3 Unoccupied 22 Get up 25 For fear that 24 Vend 2S Columns 27 Editor (ab.) 28 Ocean 29 Altitude (ab.) 31 Street (ab.) 32 Clever 34 Devotees 36 Three-toed sloth 37 Symbol (or niton 38 Containers 40 Seaport in Straits Settlement 42 Affray 45 Large blood vessel 47 Type ot molding 18 She is on the 30 Teacher 33 Colored lightly 3'1 Foray 35 Perish v hunger 38 Roman garment 39 Symbol for seleniuin ilh 4» Chessman 41 Passage in the bi-ain -S2 Male swan •13 Diminutive of Samuel 44 Cravat 46 Onager 49 Egyptian sun god 50 Poet 51 Wanders aimlessly VERTICAL 1 Possesses " 2 Angers 33 35