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The Age from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia • Page 16

The Agei
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date:
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17 Saturday, February 11, 1 978 bridges; of friendship, offer listening ears and provide other means of support: through elderly citizens' clubs, meals-on-wheels, drop-in centres, halfway houses and various "lonely hearts" groups. But such advances- can reach only part of the way. Lonely people can develop into self-pitying victims of their own feelings unless they respond to the caring agencies and resolutely take steps to break free. Towards this end some expand their interests develop new skills, cultivate new hobbies, take up some form of sport so finding areas of interest in other people to which they can relate. Many of them find a new and understanding companionship in churches.

Behind the scenes these days most congregations break into small clusters throughout the week. In study circles, cell groups, social-service task forces and other more intimate gatherings often in private homes people come closer together in a sharing, friendly way. A man who became a member of such a group told a reporter: "I have come out of a period of dark loneliness. Now I want to help others with the same problem to discover the way to the answer I have He had become a lamp-post of a very different kind. resolution as the best that was possible in a difficult and divisive situation.

From his point of view, that is so. He has defused the danger of a full-frontal clash with the Government over uranium shipments from present sources. The debate will continue over adequate safeguards and Aboriginal and perhaps some of the present doubts and fears can be resolved with improved knowledge and technology. But sooner or later, decisions will have to be made. We reaffirm our belief that those decisions must be made by the elected Government and not imposed by any one section of the community.

A Saturday reflection A PERSON trudging across the Simpson Desert, knowing there is not another soul within a hundred kilometres, might well feel an intolerable sense of While few people undergo that experience, many suffer a loneliness of a different kind. In one of his books Wilfred L. Hannam writes of a man he knew who spent many years exploring in the solitude of the African jungle. But the most terrifying loneliness in the explorer's life was in London, when he stood in the Strand and crowds of strange people passed him by, as he said, "with as little consideration as if I had been a Another insidious form of loneliness is endured by others who do not plod across deserts, explore jungles or feel like lamp-posts in a strange, bustling metropolis, but remain at what ought to be "home sweet It is an isolation of spirit, a sense of being insulated from those who should know them best. It is felt in what William James called "the dumb regions of the heart in which we dwell alone with our willingnesses and our unwillingnesses, our faiths and our Speaking of such people, an eastern suburbs social worker said in her report recently that "they include old folk who have outlived their contemporaries, migrants lost in a new culture with a strange language, wives of executives so busy climbing to the top that their, women are left too much to their own Many suoh women sought escape through alcohol all too often with devastating results.

"We often find this deep alienation plaguing people in our salubrious she said. Still another kind of loneliness afflicts people living and working with others who do not share, and cannot understand, the ideals they strive to live by. Aware of these forms of emotional sickness, social workers and church groups seek to build Kathleen mine in Queensland or the Atomic Energy Commission's Lucas Heights stockpile, However, the unions will continue to boycott new developments until, the Government can guarantee "adequate safeguards" and meet the "legitimate demands" of the Aboriginal population. Although the Government and mining companies are eager to develop new projects and expand sales, there is enough uranium on hand to meet present commitments. While last night's decision marks an advance by the forces of moderation in the union movement, there is still much uncertainty and equivocation about the unions' attitude.

The compromise policy could still be negated or altered by the State councils. If it is approved, it remains to be seen whether the unions will accept the Government's: assurances that it will allow uranium development only if stringent conditions of use, safety and waste disposal are met and the reasonable rights of. Aborigines are protected. It may be that some of the daunting technical problems of safety will be solved in the next few years. Canada, after hesitating because of environmental fears, now believes that it has found acceptable answers and has embarked on a vigorous programe to boost uranium exports and earnings.

The attitude of the Aborigines affected by uranium projects may, however, harden and become a more intractable problem. Mr. Hawke has described last night's Unions retreat from the brink THE trade union movement's convoluted efforts to reach a united front on the mining and export of uranium have resulted in a compromise that if endorsed by a majority of the six State trades and labor councils should avert the immediate threat of confrontation with the Federal Government. For this, much of the credit is due to the diplomatic and persuasive skills of the ACTU president, Mr. Hawke.

The special conference at which 99 of the ACTU's 132 affiliated unions were equally represented last night accepted, by a two-to-one majority on a show of hands, the resolution put to them by Mr. Hawke on behalf of the ACTU executive. This itself represented a patch-work policy produced after hours of debate and amendment by a divided executive meeting. The new policy marks a welcome retreat from the stance of total opposition to uranium mining and export which several powerful Left-wing unions pressed the ACTU to adopt and which would have brought unions into potentially dangerous conflict with the Government. The ACTU no longer objects to existing contracts being met from the Mary An irregular series on "The Age" and its people.

New era of neighborly co-operation? A place for notices cials have all decided to make the journey is in itself significant. This time last year a conference of this kind would have, been impossible, if not unthinkable. The pro-communist tilt to the non-aligned foreign policies of Mrs. Gandhi's India and Mrs. Bandaranaike's Sri Lanka, and their sharp differences with the Fraser Government on the great-power military presence in the Indian Ocean, ruled both those countries out as candidates for a Commonwealth regional club gathering, especially with Australia as the venue.

The Governments now in New Delhi and Colombo were swept into office last year as a result of dramatic changes in electoral fortunes in the sub-continent. They are nationalistic and opposed to imperialism in all disguises. But their brand of non-alignment is more even-handed in its approach to the communist world and to the West. They are prepared to deal pragmatically with Western industrial democracies as well as with Asian neighbors. Next week's meeting gives them an opportunity to expand their contacts in both areas.

The summit offers a unique New Zealand and the Pacific islands. The complementary natures of the economies bracketing in these three overlapping groups are the result of geography and history, reflected today in our trade figures and in communication and transportation patterns we can expand and alter these links gradually over the rest of this century." Because next week's summit is unique in that it lacks precedents and guidelines, there are doubts in some well-placed quarters about the adequacy of preparations and conference control mechanisms. No one really knows what the outcome will be or how leaders will get on with one another (any repeats of the Fra-ser-Muldoon vendetta will mar proceedings). But unless substantial common ground is found, the summit will be a flop. More embarrassing still for Canberra would be a serious conflict of interest or expectations emerging, especially one in which Australia and New Zealand were ranged against the Third World -participants, who form an overwhelming numerical -majority (in fact, they account for a little over one quarter of the world's population).

The Fraser Government's industry and job protection policies could be a target for this kind of pressure-group tactic. But officials seem confident that while protectionism is certain to be discussed, its context will be general and without barbs that are specifically aimed at Australia. However, there may be some blunt private discussion of bilateral issues in the meetings Mr. Fraser will have with his opposite numbers from countries like Singapore and Malaysia, which both feel strongly that Australia must put trade relations with close neighbors on a more generous and predictable footing. The problem for Australian and Commonwealth organisers of the conference is to structure the meeting so that chances of finding common ground are maximis- ed.

and then, if this can be achieved, to. persuade the media and through them home-country public opinion that something worthwhile has been achieved. The Government has stated publicly that while the conference will cover world and regional political trends and GOOD morning. A sub-committee of the Australian Journalists' Association this week attacked the notice system a voluntary code aimed at protecting national security. The AJA report says that the system is contrary to the traditions of journalism and the public's right to information.

"The Age" has campaigned for many years for greater public access to Government information. But I believe there is a place in this country for the notice system as i't lias operated for the past 25 years. A notice seeks restraints by newspapers in publishing information which might harm the national security. The area it covers is very limited. A notice does not restrict newspaper or public discussion on defence or other issues.

At present there are only five subjects on which restraint is sought. notices are issued on the authority of the Defence, Press and Broadcasting Committee. CII'EL niCIl'RDSOIJ Asia Cwrespndtiit chance to develop an extended form of regionalism, widening the sense of neighborhood that has directed serious and sustained Australian attention since the sixties towards South-East Asia, more recently towards the southwest Pacific and in future, perhaps, towards the Indian subcontinent. Singapore's Prime Minister, Mr. Lee Kuan Yew, makes the point that the diverse countries represented in the Commonwealth regional clan fall into three geographic groupings: one.

South Asia; two, South-East Asia, three, Papua New Guinea, Australia, has its Zealand's Prime Minister, Mr. Muldoon. Mr. Muldoon scorned the "idea of regional conferences when Mr. Fraser first raised it in London.

When he received his invitation to Sydney-Buwral, he accepted for the first two days, but said he must then fly home to deliver an economic speech. The New Zealanders wanted their Trade and Industry Minister, Mr. Adams-Schneider, who will replace Mr. Muldoon as head of the delegation, to go to the private heads of government session at Bowral. MICHELLE GRATTAN friiteil Cerropoadea! own risks for That committee comprises 13 representatives of the media and five representatives of the Federal Government.

I am one of the media representatives on the committee. Perhaps the most important point is that the notice system is voluntary. Non-observation of a notice carries no penalties. I believe that most of our readers would accept that there is the occasional small area where disclosure of information could harm national security. But, if "The Age' believed the system was being operated for political advantage, or to hid? political ineptitude, we would not hesitate to break the self-imposed restraints.

If we believed that public interest compelled us to publish information contrary to a notice, we would publish. This is clearly understood by the Government. During my term as Editor, no report has been kept out of the paper because of a notice. Greg Taylor cauia. S3 8S (3E0 ml) $8 38 1700 ml) S69 MAIVERN ROAD TOORAK 24 8811 261 Bay Street Brighton 96 2828 384 Warnqal Road Ashwood 2g f1 111 Lonsdale Malbounw M3 1441 recent Beaujolais shipment which we feel CANBERRA.

The four-day conference of heads of government from 12 Asian and Pacific States opening in Sydney on Monday is a major diplomatic event and some official sources are portraying it as potentially one of the most important initiatives taken in regional foreign policy by Australia. They may be right. But cynics and there is no shortage of them are already tending to dismiss the Commonwealth mini-summit as a glorified Black and White Minstrel Show with Asian and Pacific leaders coming for a junket and Malcolm (Mine Host) Fraser gaining political kudos and a bouquet for statesmanship by hosting the largest gathering of foreign power brokers ever held in Australia. Some of the VIP visitors may be happy to come for the ride. Others may feel bound to attend so as not to be the odd men out.

But most, of the Governments represented have apparently given considerable thought to whether and why they should come, and what the value will be. The fact that heads of government plus an impressive phalanx of their senior Ministers and offi Grand CANBERRA. The Government will be holding its collective breath over the next few days. Prime Minister Fraser is about to venture on to the international stage again and he is desperately hoping his co-players will, stick to the bland script. The setting the Commonwealth Heads of Government Regional Meeting (CHOGRM) is Mr.

Fraser's personal creation. If anything goes wrong, it is his prestige that is on the line. Last year, Mr. Fraser decided the Commonwealth wouid be the forum in which to make his international mark. It suited his traditionalism, it was the right-size body for a middle power like Australia, and his close adviser.

Liberal Party Federal director Tony Eggleton, had close links with the Commonwealth Secretariat. Mr. Fraser took a high profile at the London heads of government meeting in June, with strong statements on apartheid and race and sport. But his special initiative was to propose regional meetings of AUCTION SATURDAY 1 STH ALBERT PARK Victorian two storey terrace. 7 rooms 2 fireplaces ceiling roses.

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848 1153. international economic issues, it is expected to have a "strong practical focus on initiatives for regional, economic and functional Inevitably, given media preoccupation with things tangible or dramatic, it is against these terms of reference that the results of the conference will be measured. For the Australian public, the subjects tentatively identified as a basis for establishing and extending Commonwealth co-operation in the Asia-Pacific region are neither spectacular nor spellbinding. They are on a broad spectrum that includes improving Third World and middle-income countries' terms of trade, more effective development assistance and technology transfers, alternative low-cost energy sources, problems facing small States, international industrial co-operation, food production, rural and village welfare. Many of these are matters of marginal concern to Australia.

But they are of vital interest to the Third World. Commonwealth regional cooperation may well stand or fall on these seemingly alien questions. Fraser Australia's position forcefully at a meeting with President Carter's deputy special trade representative, Mr. Alan Wolff. With many of his domestic reforms now achieved, trade could well become Mr.

Fraser's preoccupation in 1978-79. At CHOGRM Australia will be anxious to keep the trade discussion general, and focused on areas where unity can be achieved for example, the common interest in commodity pricing. For the rest, the Government has agreed to some modest commitment of extra aid for regional development projects, and of the detailed discussion will be in this area. Mr. Fraser will be walking a delicate line next week.

If the conference goes he will have further consolidated his position as a competent operator within the Commonwealth, and opened the way for a bigger role at next year's full meeting in Zambia. But if anyone decides to put on an unexpected display of street theatre, or behind-the-scenes rows leak out, the Prime Minister might wish he had not become involved in promoting Commonwealth regionalism. of well based Canard or rare Ross Biff, whom I gather has some kind of English connection. For afters, well, the choice would be between Come on Bert, Danish Blew and Bell Pay Easy with biscuits and crap Suzette (I've given up Moose). These and numbers of others (which you can count on the fingers of one hand) make up a profile of the Australian middle-class dietary intake.

So the next time a doctor tells you to avoid rich foods remember that he means natural, non-chemical grown fruit and vegetables, macrobiotic dairy produce and cholesterol-free beef, low-starch oysters and polyunsatured eggs, and get stuck into the simple offerings from the simple people with their simple cookbooks. The other night I watched Wuthering Heights on TV and when Kathy in search of Heath-cliff caught her death of cold or bronchitis or pneumonia, Donald Crisp, the doctor, told Flora Rob-son, the housekeeper, "Keep her warm and give her lots of cream and milk and butter and. so I guess Kathy died of the dreaded cholesterol. Michael Barnard's Foreign Affairs column has been held over until Enjoy "KIR" (Chiliad whit win end FRENCH CREME DE CASSIS CRITTENDEN'S From our W. J.

SEABROOK SON WINE MERCHANTS win MOULIN A FLEURIE BEAUJOLAIS MIXED classic mnn oi mis bkh VENT TETE tto CUVEE 976 (Rtc Ratail $7.45) TETE de CUVEE 1976 (R.c.-Rttiil $6.80) VILLAGES 1976 (Rec-ReuM $5.60) CAS.E OFFER 4 BOTTLES OF EACH $75.00 gesture Commonwealth leaders between the big two-yearly gatherings. The London meeting endorsed the regional conference idea in generalised terms although there was some muttering about the dangers of lobby caucuses forming. Within four months, Mr. Fraser had dashed off invitations to 11 Asian and; Pacific leaders for next week's meeting. The Prime Minister's commitment to CHOGRM is shown by his personal attention to the de-.

tails of the four-day meeting. He and Mrs. Fraser have supervised preparations themselves, giving much care to "retreat" at Berida Manor, the luxurious health farm at Bowral run by cookery writer Margaret Fulton, is Australia's version of last year's informal session at Gleneagles, Scotland Within the Government, Mr. Fraser has ensured that CHOGRM preparations have had top priority. A concerted effort is being made to see that as far as possible potentially controversial issues are cooled, and disputes averted or at least hidden from public view.

So far, the only public blemish in the careful orchestration has been the performance of New MARCH AT 1 1 .30 AM 31 Cardigan Place bithrms. 2 kitchens, featuring marble windows. Courtyard and garden, car 2-3 PM. J. T.

KERLEY PTY. 81 Point Lonsdale Road. Point Lonsdale. 0S2) 52 1160. A.H: 2 Eating and the Australian kwee scene WEDDING RECEPTIONS'BUSINESS FUNCTIONS issue at the conference is trade and protection.

It is, as one Government official colorfully put it, the time bomb ticking away which could blow up Mr. Fraser's grand initiative. But Australian officials are very confident they can avert any such disaster- In contrast to last year's ASEAN gathering, only a minority of countries attending CHOGRM Malaysia and Singapore in particular have a real interest in "taking on" Australia over protection. Australian officials hop they will confine their tough words to the bilateral meetings. But this optimism could be thwarted by, for example, Singapore's Prime Minister, Mr.

Lee Kuan Yew, going public yet again at a Press conference. Certainly, Mr. Fraser has not become any more accommodating on the trade issue in the months since the ASEAN meeting. This year he has renewed his offensive against the European Economic Community's protectionism, while defending Australia's own protectionist policies more strongly than ever. Last Monday, Mr.

Fraser put you Tornados or Skal O'Peeno be Anchor, the Viking who vanquished Brian Boru. The whole is washed down with either the house red or the parlor pink. Of course, the menu is fairly arbitrary, you are only confined by your magazine subscriptions, and just as any self-respecting trendy couldn't move without his subscription charts (ignore the peaks, follow the rises) so host and hostess shouldn't move without a macrobiotic guide to a jaded taste. When in doubt there's always the soup de shoor, or Mine Strown, or Gath-Patch-Oh if you are Castilian, or Gas-Patch-Oh if you aren't. It's either that of Weetrers or Patty Mason or Patty Difar Grass and Treat grilled or fried.

It only gets troublesome if you come up with some really foreign muck like Cally Mane. You have to be careful about it: Cally Marie means squid; it is often confused with Kelly Mary, which means good day. Kelly nicked her is fairly safe, it only means good night. Myself, I'd rather begin with some have a car oh with sose vinygret and as an on tray a dollop of ratter Toohey. That way I could skip the main course, which is bound to be some sort Mr.

Fraser reportedly was against inviting Mr. Adams-Schneider to Bowral initially. The doubt about whether the NZ Minister would or would not be invited to the health farm publicly surfaced on Wednesday before a final decision was made. Amid embarrassing confusion the Government checked precedents with the Commonwealth Secretariat, cool heads prevailed and Mr. Fraser issued the invitation.

In other areas too, the preparations have been designed to try to suppress conflict. On Thursday, Cabinet reviewed refugee policy, expecting it to come up in bilateral discussions next week. The Immigration Minister, Mr. MacKellar, presented a hastily prepared paper. Cabinet asked departments, to work on more detailed recommendations for possible future changes in policy.

But in the meantime, the Government next week will reassure Malaysia which is becoming increasingly restive about the large inflow of refugees to its shores that Australia will continue to take its share. Potentially, the most explosive SATURDAY TANNER horse and carte, or Arthur Horner's indigestion. The dishes are mainly North-Eastern although they are also common to the Eastern parts of the South and the North but rarely encountered in the West, although occasional pockets are encountered (migrants being what they are in these days of higher council rates). The dishes are seasonal, depending on which season the city is turning on that day. We start with a summer menu (you can tell summer by the green patches on your color TV).

First the simple whore derves, an array of olive's, small rather less than rounded protuberences, followed by Vishy Swazz, a kind of cold hostess' revenge. This is then followed by that tribute to our Irish heritage, Cocko Van, or if the devil is in vz. in FINEST RE CFPTIOX ROOMS IX MELBOURNE l-U) Kins Stive. Melbourne. 602 1822 functioning perfectly I0HN HARRIS ASSOC.

PTV ITO HESI 48 NICHOLSON ST STH YARRA 28 4488. AH 20 1439 PRESTIGE FLAT SITE FRANKSTON FOR PRIVATE SALE "SAN GEMMA" POINT LONSDALE THE phone finally stopped. The first wanted to know if I would accept a reverse charge from a man who had 300 head of cattle driving south, the second, fifth and 200th wanted to know if I was a racist, liar, tool of my employer and other light badinage. You might think and I would expect that that was the just desert of a political cartoonist, but no, this was- the response to an article about eating Japanese food. So I can only conclude that while politics may be the "Australian disease" "as attested by Fleet Street, food, especially Asian food, is the yellow peril of which we should in dire fear be (how's that, you Carlton I fell to brooding (my favorite outdoor exercise) and finally thought up an Australian cuisine, which, while in no way celebrating the meat pie, the flake with or without chips, the pavlova, the lamington the witchetty grub, the yabby.

the kangaroo tail or the raw prawn, would nevertheless be familiar to if not sought by Dame Edna of the Everage. This survey is based on personal experience and owes nothing to Stephen Downes and his This exclusive site wos almost purchased by Council for a Botanical Garden. Town planning permit for 1 0 villa units. $100,000 on builder's terms. Sole agents: Select Kirk Rd- posirion clase to shoos, beach.

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"THE AGE" puBfcshed by Davfd Svme Co. Limited Head Office: 250 Spencer Street, Melbourne. Victoria, 3000 Branches: 50 Margaret Street, Sydney, NSW, 2000 United Kingdom: New Printing House Square, Grav's Inn Road WCIX SEZ..

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