The Age from Melbourne, Victoria, Victoria, Australia on February 14, 1953 · Page 2
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The Age from Melbourne, Victoria, Victoria, Australia · Page 2

Melbourne, Victoria, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date:
Saturday, February 14, 1953
Page 2
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THE AGE. SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 14. 1953 MELBOURNE, SATURDAY, FEB. 14, 1853. xzue LAVENDER AND OLD LACE THERE are, In Melbourne, some elderly men and women who like to recall, perhaps with a smile, the time when, on the fourteenth of February, the postman was as heavily-laden as on Christmas Eve, whilst the air around him was perfumed with all the spices of Araby. In those days, all the resources of art, and all the craftsmanship of the most skilful experts, were annually requisitioned in order that the new season's Valentines might be a little more romantic, or a little more dainty, or a little more fragrant than any that had previously appeared. St. Valentine's day, with its lavender and its lace, its posies and its pompadours, represented an unashamed orgy of sentiment; and it fell into desuetude and decay when it became unfashionable to carry one's heart on one's sleeve. . In his famous analysis of human nature, Immanuel Kant summed it up as consisting of intelligence, will and emotion. Omit any of the three, and you turn a man into a monstrosity. For some inscrutable reason, we. are singularly sensitive about our susceptibilities. The average man is a palpitating bundle of emotion, yet he cannot bear to be suspected of any such weakness. He will force a laugh or make a Jest to conceal the fact that his heart is breaking. We resemble animals that like to endure their pain in silence $nd in secrecy. Cowper likens himself, during one of the emotional crises of- his strange career, to the stricken deer that leaves the herd, its panting side transfixed with many an arrow. Yet, whilst no man likes to regard himself as being emotional, and particularly hates to be thought so by his friends, no man has any doubt about the sentimental propensities of all other men. In his secret soul, every man knows that, In the last resort, it is by sentiment that the world is swayed. In appealing to the country, every politician knows the value of a sentimental issue. An ancient legend tells how, when her fortunes were at their lowest ebb, Sparta sought a leader from Athens. To the general disgust, the man sent them was a lame little school master, Tyrteeus by name. They soon discovered, however, that this dwarfish oddity could make music that set every soul on fire. His stirring ballads and patriotic melodies awoke the slumbering ardor of the citizens; and, as a result, the arms of Sparta were soon crowned with resounding victories. Let any man question himself as to his favorite poet, and he will probably confess that his interest was first awakened, and his admiration excited, by something in the work of the bard that appealed to the softer side of his nature. The greatest novels are the novels that move us by their romance or terrify us by their tragedy. Most of the world's triumphs of art are paintings that bring us to the verge of tears. In his "Sesame and Lilies," Ruskln says that the ennobling difference between one man and another is precisely this: one man feels more than another. Dame Sybil Thorndike declared it her mission in life to stir men's sluggish emotions; and those who had the good fortune to see her "Medea" or "Macbeth" know to what depths of passion and tenderness she could move her audiences. No man, she argued, can be made to feel deeply without being enrlch'l, as long as he lives, by such a volcanic psychological experience. She goes further. A thousand things tend to divide men and to arrange them in hostile camps. Get them to share, even for an hour or two, a heartrending emotional experience and you have bound them Into each other with hoops of steel. Even your dearest enemy, she maintains, Is a different person if you have sat next to him, sharing the same sorrow and the same fear, crying when he cried and laughing when he laughed. Even religion, without emotion, is a body without a soul. Men must, of course, be made to think; but, above all, they must be made to feel. As Whittler shows, in one of his most notable poems, every great revival has been marked by waves of emotion, storms of feeling, tempests of tears. The trappings and drapery of St. Valentine's day may fade and decay but the spirit underlying it Is as immortal as man and will endure to the end of time. FOR THE EXACTING MUSIC LOVER TRUE REALISM AND TONAL BALANCE RADIOGRAMS and RECORD PLAYERS Hand-made Cabinets Built-in Units TO BLEND WITH YOUR FURNITURE. CONCEALED MUSIC SYSTEMS 13 DUDLEY-STREET, BRIGHTON. For Demonstration Appointment. XM3&70. FORSTERS FOR CARPETS LARGE RANGE OF BRITISH Al AXMINSTERS. 50- Made and Laid. FORSTER CARPET CO. PTY. LTD. 362 LITTLE C0LLINS-8T. Upstairs Only. MU6654. THE IMPORTANT AUCTION OF ANTIQUES AT "CLENDON LODGE" 83 CLENDON- ROAD, TOORAK. To be Sold on MONDAY NEXT, FEBRUARY 16 IS ON VIEW TODAY. DECORATION CO. PTY. LTD. 350 LITTLE COLLINS-STREET. SYDNEY 0ARKE. AUCTIONEER. COOKS SHORT TOURS IN EUROPE Aik for Cook'i Travel Synupsn Kot Detail ol SHORT DURATION TOURS FROM LONDON. Switzerland, ScandltiavlB, Italy, Holland, France, England. CONSERVE YOUR FOREIGN EXCHANGE ALLOWANCE. Portion ot Parei are Payable in Australian Currency. COOKS WORLD TRAVEL SERVICE 1S9-1AI COLLINS-STREET, MELBOURNE, Cent. IKiO. THE STATE SAVINGS BANK OF VICTORIA Established In 1841 '' A BRANCH ol THIS BANK will b Opened at S63 CANTERBURY-ROAD, neir Slstlon-slrest, BOX HILL SOUTH, on Tuesday, Feb. IT, 19S3. Full SUM Stvlnn Bank Facilities will be provided. N. R, WILLIAMS. Oeneril Mnir. AUCTION, WEDNESDAY. MARCH 11 3 p.m. On the Property. 104 FRANKLIN STREET, CITY FREEHOLD VACANT POSSESSION OF GROUND AND UPPER FLOOR (15,000 SQUARE FEET). LAND 44 FEET X 165 FEET 8 INS. AUCTIONEERS. IN CONJUNCTION I W. D. SAMPSON A SON, SM COLUNS-STREBT, MELBOURNE. MU8M1. v O. D. LANGRIDGE Ss SON, 30 MARKET-STREET, MELBOURNE. MU77J1. NEW SUBDIVISIONAL AUCTION. NEXT SATURDAY, 8 p.m. CHELTENHAM BETWEEN RAILWAY and BEACH. 23 CHOICE LOTS Alio Timber Cottage ISO DIP091T, 10 MONTHLY. BURKE and SCOTT (XF207T), CHELTENHAM. BROCHURES POSTEB. qc TODAY'S ISSUE. 44 PAGES. STATE'S WINE INDUSTRY IS RICH IN HISTORY DECENTLY, Mr. R. & Casey and his wife opened a bottle of wine, made at the St. Hubert Vineyard, near Lily-dale, in 1889, to find it, at he says, "in first-class condition and full of character." The rich history of the vineyard, like its wine, is "full of character." Its Swiss founder, the late Mr. Hubert de Cas-tella, in his book "John Bull's Vineyard," published in Melbourne in 1886, has shown how establishment of the first commercial vineyard in -Australia is traceable to John Macarthur's quarrel with Governor Bligh. He has traced the e u r I o u s sequence of -events linking John Macarthur's vineyard at Camden with the earlv beginnings of the Yarra Valley wine industry which synchronised with the establishment of vines at Reynella, in South Australia. In the year following the arrest of Bligh in 1808 by men of the New South Wales Corps in what has come to be known as the Rum Rebellion, Macarthur left for England with his two sons, James and William. Well aware what awaited him for his part In the affair If he returned to Sydney, Macarthur spent part of his enforced exile investigating possible new primary industries for Australia, as well as pursuing his quarrel with Bligh. He had already introduced Merino sheep to the colony of N.S.W. Travelled in France He travelled through Prance with his sons, visiting some of the vine-growing districts, arriving in Paris on the day that news reached the capital of Napoleon's escape from the island of Elba. Macarthur moved into Switzerland, where the inhabitants had established thriving vineyards in alpine surroundings. While there he stayed several months at Vevey, and Mr. de Castclla says it was here that "Macarthur put his son William to school." Here, too, one of William Macarthur's closest school friends was a young Louis de Pourtales, a cousin of Mademoiselle Sophie de Mont Mollln. who later became Mrs. Charles Joseph La Trobe. History has already recorded how La Trobe, an Englishman of French News of the Day SOME sec tlons of the community are said to favor a permanent retention of the present import restrictions. The influential English Journal the "Economist" quotes the Australian Association of British Manufacturers as saying that vested Interests are being created "which will tend to strive for the retention of Import controls indefinitely." The Melbourne correspondent of the "Economist" suggests that the im- Sort restrictions act as lanket tariff protection, behind which Australian manufacturers are safe from the industrial competition of countries with lower production costs. The London journal adds that the steady rise in the Australian basic waije over the last years has meant that now not only countries like India and Japan can compete in Australia with Australian manufacturers, but also Britain, Europe and the United States. In Opera WE "sat ln" &t yesterday's dress rehear- . sal of the National Theatre company's production of La Boheme, which opens at the Princess tonight. In front of the curtain, and behind, the talk was all of a 27-year-old tenor, Lance Ingram, who makes his operatic debut as Ru-dolfo tonight. The National Theatre fieople believe Mr. Ingram s going to thrill Melbourne music lovers no less than did Marie Collier in her debut last year, He came to Melbourne from South Australia to study seven years ago and has since been a professional singer by occupation. Most of It, however, has been done ln the Tivolt chorus. The quick change from Askey and Trinder to Puccini leaves him unmoved. Poodle JN "The Age" yesterday there was a picture of Joyce Simmons she plays Musetta in La Boheme carrying a poodle which will be used in the production. Musetta carries the poodle on stage, t'es him to nlt.1 a.M I...... U . n win,., nuu jravca null &aSSff oouple or A Darasol has been .sub stituted for the poodle since Oame Nellie Melba used her own dog ln 1918. Miss Simmons is reviving the custom. This poodle Is called Rochester. He is a hulf-bro-tlier to Mr, Winston illllMfiBlWelllllW The Huguenot extraction, was later to spend some years as a young man In Switzerland, afterwards travelling to America as a companion-tutor with Count Albert de Pourtales and the American satirist Washington Irving. Few Vignerons Migrated Before h i s return to England John Macarthur secured the services of an experienced Swiss vig-neron-guide with a pack horse and travelled on foot with his sons through Switzerland and Into the wine country of France, collecting cuttings which were sent to N.S.W. and planted at Camden, Writing on viticulture many years later, Sir William Macarthur significantly deplored the By a Staff Correspondent failure of Government authorities handling assisted migration to ' encourage skilled vignerons to this country from France, Germany ' and Switzerland, to aid Australia's infant industry. It was some eighteen years after the establishment of the Camden vineyards that William Ryrie and his brothers Donald and James achieved a notable feat of overlanding, bringing with them to the Yarra Valley from Arn-prior on the Monaro, flocks, herds and general pioneer- Lance Ingram ... In Opera. Churchill's pet, and is owned by stage star Sunday Wenman. Rochester has, of course, a stand-in. This poodle is called Madame Pompadour, which suggests minor complications ln the backstage kennel which will accommodate the dogs dur-. lng performances, Justice THE scene was Malvern court yesterday. A man was charged with having used indecent language ln a ' picture theatre, and a constable had Just handed to the magistrate a nine sneet of paper with the alleged words printed on it. Mr. Hammond, S.M.: What was the name of the picture ? I want to see it the words were justified. Witness: It was a short feature showing extracts from opera. Mr. Hammond: Oh, well I It depends on which university you .went to. w- Desperate New York has Its paricing proDiems, too. The "New Yorker" is currently supporting a suggestion that police should have power to deflate the tyres ' of offending vehicles. Homestead at St. Hubert. lng equipment, as well as some vine cuttings, which were planted at the Yerlng station, which William Ryrie established. According to one local account, the Yering station originally extended from the Acheron River, north' of the Divide, as far south as the east bank of the Olinda Creek, which runs through what is now Lilydale originally and correctly spelled Lillydale after Lilly, the wife of Paul de Castella. Hubert de Castella comments on the "curious coincidence that as early as 1840 William Ryrie had planted at Yerlng about an acre with vine cuttings from Camden." Donald Ryrie is quoted as saying In Garryowen's "Chronicles of Early Melbourne," "The first wine was made (at Yering) in March, 1845, a red wine resembling Burgundy, and a white wine resembling Sauterne, and both very good. Dardel, a Swiss (afterwards at Geelong) used to come to prune the vines. He also put us In the way of making the wine." Cuttings from Continent Four years afterwards, Paul de Castella, a younger brother of Hubert, pur- Medley A NEW departure, combining lectures on English poetry and drama and the presentation of well-known plays, is promised by the Australian Broadcasting Commission with the visit of Robert Speaight. Mr. Speaight, London actor and producer, will begin his broadcasts ln Sydney on Thursday next week. The first play in which he will appear Is Frank Vos-per's Love From a Stranger on February 28. Charles Morgan's The Flashing Stream (March 9) and Patrick Hamilton's Money With Menaces (March 14) will follow, and tentative arrangements have been made to star him ln Miles Malleson's adaptation of Moltere's The Miser. On Good Friday Mr. Speaight will play Pilate in Caesar's Friend, by Australian George Campbell Dixon, and two long plays scheduled for broadcast Include Macbeth. The actor's two months' stay Is under the auspices of the British Council and the A.B.C. Ecafe THE United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (Ecafe), now ln annual session ln Bandung, Indonesia, is something in the nature of a Parliament of Asia. With 14 members and nine associate members-including Japan Ecafe's activities cover an area ranging from the Philippines to India and Pakistan. Work of the Commission has developed along three main lines: Fact-finding, fact-recording and analysis; Recommendations for governmental and Intergovernmental action, and The rendering of advisory services. This conference is the ninth since the Commission's inception five years ago. The first was held at Shanghai, China. Chnn an KllUngV TATE last century V1& toria had as Governor a gentleman known as Sir Henry Brougham Loch, An hotel at the corner of Hoddlc-street and Johnston-street, Oolllngwood, named after him. has been known for many years as the Sir Henry Loch Hotel. But with a new coat of paint, the hostelry has received a new title the Sir Henrv Lock Hotel. ' The telephone directory retains tne oia title, so we assume the "Lock" Is either a sign writer's slip or a misguided attempt at mod' ernity. chased Yering station from William Ryrie, eventually extending its one-acre vineyard to 100 acres, with cuttings imported from the Continent. Much of it was planted by Samuel de Pury, a brother of Guillaume de Pury, the founder of Yeringbcrg, and later a Swiss Consult in Melbourne. Guillaume and Samuel were both nephews of Mrs. La Trobe. R o 1 f e Boldrewood, author of "Robbery Under Arms," has written in "Old Melbourne Memories" an engaging account of visits he made to Yering Station both while it was owned . by William Ryrie, and after it had become the property of Paul de Castella. He recalls the scenic surroundings of picnics at the foot of Mount Juliet, near what is now Heales- ville, probably on the site of wnar, was afterwards the township of Fern- snawe. Early Lilydale records state that the entrance to the homestead at Yerlng, known as the Lodge ln the time of Paul de Castella, was near what Is now Coldstream, and the home of the late Dame Nellie Melba. Most of the work at Yering vineyard was done by Swiss vignerons, of whom one of the foremost was Joseph Clement Des-champs, who came to Victoria at the suggestion of La Trobe to assist in the viticultural Industry. His grandson, Mr. Arnold Dcschamps, of Lilydale, has the passport issued by Napolenn III, (Switzerland was then still a French "protectorate"), which states specifically that Joseph Clement Deschamps was HELP FOR Brighter for Children TN its camp at Yarra Junction, the Society for Crippled Children has shown that the self-consciousness and inhibitions of the disabled can be overcome, and the way pointed to successful adjustment to normal life. THE Victorian Society for Crippled Children some years ago bought land at Yarra Junction and handed it over to the Victorian Disabled Youth Club for development as a permanent holiday camp. The story of the camp is one of hard work and self-sacrifice by the members of the club. Work began two years ago. Volunteer labor by club members and people whose practical sympathies are with the society gave hundreds of man hours to the building of a dormitory, a recreation block and kitchen. Timber was given by some members of the Victorian Building Industry Congress. Two camps were held over the recent holiday period one for senior crippled folk lasting two weeks and the other for bovs between 10 and 14. L who spent a week there. The boon of iticn a Sermanent camp was evl- , ent, particularly among the 18 juniors, all of whom were described as "fairly heavily" disabled. They were divided into groups and their activities were graduated .to their abilities. DURING this year, the camp will be d e v e 1 oped further. Plans are for another dormitory for women and girls. At present i n d o or sleeping is limited to 20. It will be doubled. ' They spent their days hiking; some went In wheel ohairs or trolleys; others played volley ball, swam, practised archery, which Is a firm favorite, went on picnics, to barbecues or attended reading circles. Craft work was popular and will be extended at future camps. The success of the camp rested largely In the fact that these young people, most ot whom will become The wine industry in Victoria, which took root in the early colonists' ideal that every man should enjoy his own vine, rose to great heights in its early days, declined and now has risen again on the appreciation of its fine I products. its lounaers include the builders of this S t a t e' s greatness and prosperity. Notable among them are the pioneers of Australia's pastoral industry, its farming and its,, traditions of good husbandry. Swiss families, always modest in their promises, but great in their achievements, were among the most successful builders of the industry. This article by a staff correspondent traces the development of the industry and the work of some of the families who built it. coming to Victoria at the request of Governor . La Trobe to assist in the viticultural industry. To Yering Station in 1854 came Hubert de Castella, on a visit to his brother. After engaging in pastoral activities at Dairy Station with Guillaume de Pury he bought part of Yerlng Station and established the St. Hubert vineyard. High Output In later years, with Andrew Rowan as a partner, this vineyard, grown to 250 acres, produced several vintages of 70,000 gallons each. Among them the vineyards of Yering, St. Hubert and Yerlngberg shared local and international awards for high quality wines. Mr. Arnold Deschamps in his brief history of Lilydale has computed that the many vineyards of the Yarra Valley In peak seasons produced more than 200,000 gallons of wine a year, much of it of exceptional quality A number of factors contributed to their decline. Among those mentioned by Mr. Francois de Castella, a son of Hubert and for many years a viticultural expert, are: Some adverse seasons. Changes of ownership and absence of skilled attention, !l Higher profits In di frying and ' Concentration by 'the wine trade on s feet wines rather than Hint, natural wines, for which excessive prices were often charged. DISABLED Prospect useful citizens, were given a new sense of security and confidence. Friendships became firmer . and new ones were made. VHAT happened to one 11-year-old boy itself justified all the hard work that moulded the camp. He developed poliomyelitis at the age of eight and was ln a children's hospital for two years. When he was discharged he was taken home with severe disabilities, affecting arms, back and legs, which made it necessary for him to have lessons by correspondence. He lived ln a home world of his own, acutely conscious that he was not like other boys. He refused to meet other people and rejected any suggestion or plan for education that would separate him from his family. When the camp was mentioned to him he still showed reluctance, but at last was persuaded to go to Yarra Junction. Mr. T. Newell, who Is In charge of the eamp, told the society that the boy fitted In well with others. His overwhelming shyness was overcome. His father has written to the society saying that the week away had greatly benefited his son, who now hoped fie would be accepted as a pupil at a State school. SHOWERS and other toilet facilities will be const ructed to serve each block of buildings at the camp. A cricket pitch and swimming pool will follow if. and when funds are ' available. There are disabled youth clubs In Melbourne, at Geelong and Ballarat. The Melbourne elub ha a membership of 200. The spirit of these clubs Is to help those who are heavily handicapped to bring confidence and happiness Into the lives ot folk who begin the battle of life behind scratch, LETTERS to the A Bill for No Telephone SIR, FROM TIME TO time correspondence has appeared in "The Age" regarding the unreliability of the Postmaster General's telephone accounting system. Having been .waiting some years for the installation of a telephone, I was pleased to find myself included ln the ourrent Issue of the telephone directory. I presumed that this indicated at least an intention on the part of the department to Install an Instrument during the present year. However, no telephone has so far been forthcoming, and I was not so pleased to receive recently an account claiming rent for the first half of this year and charges for calls, both local and trunk, for the last half year of last year I Will the P.M.G.'s department still claim that its telephone accounting system is infallible ? D. P. YOUNG (Blackburn). Savings of the Community SIR, TO SUPPORT his claim that Australian living standards have improved, Mr. Menzies quotes an increase of "nearly 200m." in savings bank deposits. On the other hand, Mr. Menzies has often told wage-earners that it is not the money wage, but what it will buy, that accounts. In the past three years prices (measured by the "C" series index) have increased 52 per cent. In December, 1949, Savings Bank deposits were 732m. To represent the same purchasing power three years later Savings Bank deposits should have been 52 per cent, greater, i.e., 1,112m. In fact, at December, 1952, they were only 918m. In spite of an 8 per cent population increase, therefore, the value of the people's Savings Bank de- fiosits is now 17 per cent, ess than when Mr. Menzies' Government took office. D. R. MACSWEEN (East Malvern). Milk Farmers and Mr. Cain SIR, AT THE ANNUAL meeting of , the Murray Valley District Council of the Country party, held at Numur-kah this week, the following resolution was passed: "This Murray Valley District Council of the Country party strongly condemns the Labor Go vernment's refusal to approve the new milk price as determined by the Milk Board. "We would mention that on November 20 last, at Ararat, Mr. Cain, then Leader of the Opposition, appealed to primary producers of this country to produce more to feed the millions of starving people of other countries and promised ' every consideration to country people. "We, as primary producers, ask if this is the first instalment of Mr. Cain's plans to encourage more production and if he interprets this as giving every consideration to primary producers to produce more." A. KEITH BRADBURY (Hon Sec, Murray Valley District Council, Country party). SPECIAL ADVERTISEMENTS TVt. John Kenny will resume nrac- XJ tlce oti February 10, 1953, 9 nny-ii.i jsrigiuon. DR. 3. M. GARDINER HU Commenced Practice At "Chelmer. 417 St. Kllda-rd,, Melb. Win. aW2. R. G. A. GUTHKIK, Ol 33 Biy road, Sandrlnuham XW124in. U now practicing In partnership with Dra. H. F. Tucker. Kenneth N. Speed and W. F. H. Crick, ot oil rernniu-roaa, Banaringnam IXW2967). BRITISH MEDICAL AGENCY. AaMitantih!pt. Partnerships. Ac. T-kR. I. J. WEYMAN hai returnea irom overseas ana resumed practice at 111 Tel. MF1232, DOCTORS, DENTISTS, HOSPI. tals Let Jayi attend to thou unpaid reel. Foat. call or Dhone and let ui call. C. 1031-2038. Jaya Mercantile Agency. yj colllni-it.. Melbourne. DR. ROY Graham Duncan, Dental surgeon, hu commenced ?ractlce at the T. A a. Buildings, 45 coninn-atreet, Melbourne. Tele-phone Central 802. - A N Old-itabllihed Practice II lor aale within HO mllea Melb., ln a wealthy farming and dairying district. C.T. lor year to 30852. c 40CO. The alrifle-story brick home. set In a beautiful garden, comprises lour Deorooms. lounge, aimngroom, kitchen and bathroom, and has H.W.S., septlo tank, town water supply, aouble gsrage. Surgery unit of four rooms. The purchase of practice and property can be nnancc.1 on a deposit of 1000. and balance over iu years. NULL , CCOHLAN PTY. LTD., 127 Colllni-ltreet, M719H1. MEDICAL PRACTICE. SUBURBAN. SEMMNDUST. C.2 appro-. 3000 0.A.. and lncl. excel. HOSPITAL facll. Home avail, on lease. Low RKNTA?. or purchase with FINANCE van. UUUUWH.L ai reaa, ngure With TERMS OFERKD, PROFESSIONAL ROOMS. MODERN MEDICAL UNIT avail., Wlln use oi nurse, Receptionute, Lease offered. TOT FEDERAL SECRETARIAT ru. Liu. (8. A. CUSACK), M.L.C. Building. Collins-street. Melbourne, MB1131 FUfW7 DR. O. A. W. PRYOR has Pur. n. !! iMedlcal Practice of Tei ai nu,n,a l esomervine, PnACTICT! TRANSFER AOENCY. ALAN GRANT. M Cdt.LlNS.ST. C.l. CENT, 4171. M KJJ2Si-- .l E'er"""! - riiiri, nrntfirnre avail. Sole for a Dncfftr rtn. COUNTRY PRACTTCU for Sale within as mllps of Coastal Scenic Resort, offered with comfortable nm, on nrmai HBSIS. ALLAN GRANT. MEDICAL AGENT, M CCT.LINS-ST. Central 4171. ASSISTANT req., O P..S. suburb, view early partnership; excel, opportunity. 31,991, Age. Buses Best for Brighton SIR, IN LETTERS recently published ln "The Age" it has been asserted that local residents are not in favor of replacement of the St. Kllda-Brlghton railway trams by buses. ' Being a local resident in touch with many others, I should like to state that the vast majority of residents with whom I have spoken would be delighted at the change, whica would mean: (1) Picking up and putting down passengers at the kerb thus greater safety. (2) Far less hold-up of motor traffic, which at present has to stop every time a trum stops. (3) When one bus breaks down the whole lino will not be out of use until repaired. (4) Far less noise. (5) Doing away with unsightly overhead wires. - Let us hope that the progressive people will not be 1 deterred ry those in power from modernising at least this one route which, not entering the city, does not raise the question of which type of transport shifts the largest number of passengers. P. G. JACKSON (Brighton). Labor on The Wharves SIR, MR. J. M. ATKINSON (112) states that some 1500 wharf employes are threatened with dismissal because of import restrictions. Mr. Atkinson must know that thousands of skilled workers had to be dismissed from factories owing to the 1952 flood of imports. Numbers of these workers were forced to take employment on wharves, &c, while others were attracted to wharf work by the high wages earned (some 30 a week and 8 a day for a day's work on Sunday). Now, these workers are drifting back to their old jobs of production in factories. With regard to the market for dairy products, the figures supplied by Mr. C. P. Puzey (director of Australian Industries Development Association) are of interest to all Australians. They reveal that only 30 er cent, of dairy products s exported; the other 70 per cent, is consumed in Australia. This emphasises the importance of the manufacturing Industry to the farm. ? CHAS. E. KENNETT (South Melb.). BALLROOM DANCIIVG Miss KATHLEEN H. LASCELLES ASSISTED BY HIGHLY QUALIFIED STAFF. RESUMES TUITION Clnsacs held at Public iSi'hools. Prlvnte classes and private lessons by appointment. 2 Wiuhlngton-sl., Toorak. Phonp BJ1697. CONTINENTAL CARRY FOODS In NEW Premises at 228 MALVERN ROAD, PRAHRAN With the OLD Service to its Clientele CONTINENTAL CARRY FOODS HAS OPENED ITS DINING ROOM AT, THE SAME ADDRESS. RING LA4392 FOR INQUIRIES GRAZING, WOOL-GROWING PROPERTY 2100 Acres, 30 Miles, G.P.O. 25 PER ACRE NICE BRICK HOMESTEAD, EX., II.W.S. Good dally train service, many paddocks, boundaries, subdivision!, sheep proof, all gently undulatlni land, abundance water. SOLS AUTHORISED AGENTS. ASSOCIATED REAL ESTATE (ROV A. MDNROl. 301 Flinders-street (opposite Hoslc's Hotel). Phones MB3391-2, MB2747. Alter Hours WFH45, AUCTION TUESDAY NEXT. WOODWORKING MACHINERY TIMBER, DOORS, 3-PLY. J. W. STYLES & SON Ply. Ltd. Auction Ads. FOR PRIVATE SALE 92 MONT ALBERT ROAD CORNER AVENUE ATHOt,. CANTERBURY MAGNIFICENT TWO-STORY BRICK RESIDENCE 14 ROOMS, EN TOUT CAS TENNIS COURT. EXTENSIVE GROUNDS. IMMEDIATE VACANT POSSESSION, PARTICULARS AND INSPECTION ARRANGEMENTS. BAILLIEU 'ALL A R D PTY. LTD. 360 COLLINS-STREET, MELBOURNE. M1001. FLETCHER and PARKER. 61 DONCASTER-ROAD, NORTH BALWYN WI.I29I. 40 COTIIAM-ROAD, KKW. lls. 2101). KRAFT FOODS LIMITED HAS VACANCIES FOR O SECRETARIAL STENOGRAPHERS SENIOR Sc JUNIOR O TYPISTES SENIOR & JUNIOR O BURROUGHS CALCULATOR OPERATORS SENIOR ifc JUNIOR EXCELLENT SALARY. 8-DAY WEEK. Marrlag Dowry or Superannuation eligibility after service qualification. Apply to: THE MANAGER, PERSONNEL INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS. KRAFT FOODS LIMITED MB467I EDITOR Two Prizes x For Artish SIR, DOES ERIC STEPHENSEN in his suggestion for a laree prize for subjective painting (ii2) mean subjective portraiture ? He should make this clear. It might be one solution to the continual dissatisfaction over the Archibald Prize. A new prize for which only subjective palntines were eligible would cater lor the moderns, who could go ahead with- caricatures, records of mental reactions distortions, &c, to their ' hearts' content and the certainty of a prize. The objective painters could continue, as they have for centuries, with their preferred kind of fine art in the recreating ol actual visual experience ln shape, correct proportion, tone and true color of the subject before them. The trustees of the 8yd. ney Gallery could also go on awarding the Archibald Prize without interference, to the finest examples of the kind of portraiture for which I am sure the Prize was originally intended. If Mr. Stephensen reads the passage relating to the Archibald competition in my recently published autobiography, "So Far" he will find that his refer-ence to the best portrait art as the fastest runner in a race Is practically a repetition of my own previously written sentiments. My idea of different winners in alternate years was meant, in view of the usual annual queries and art comments, to be a constructive suggestion vlth no personal element; whatever. E. BT7CKMASTER IMt, Evelyn). The American Term "G.I." SIR, I WILL ELUCIDATE, to the extent of my information, the meaning of the term "G.I." referred to by the "Oracle" (102). "G.I." is used in the nomenclature of the miscellaneous manuals of the U.S.A. military services to indicate "Kalvaniscrt iron." The Initials are alsn used to designate "Government issue." The U.S. Army man has been called various terms by members of other services, and It is reasonable to assume that the term "G.I.," meaning an U.S. Army man, did, llko .Topsy, "just grew up." Incidentally, my American Legion magazine calls the present peace time draft, or general induction for military training, U.M.T. J F. BOSIIMAN (Ash-burton). I

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