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The Sydney Morning Herald from Sydney, New South Wales, Australia • Page 11

Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Issue Date:
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Scientists at Work. Appeals by Party Leaders. ARRANGEMENTS FOR TO-MORROW'S POLE. Polling for tho Federal election takes placo to-morrow. Tho Prime Minister is asking the people to give him a mandate to assert the supremacy ot the law and to suppress plots against industrial peace.

At the same time Mr. Bruce is submitting a programme of social reform, covering national insurance, unemployment, uud the housing problem. The party leaders to-day make their final appeals to the people. THE ISSUES. BRITISH COMMENT.

Labour and Communists. LONDON, Nov. 13. The "Times," In a leading article, headed "Cnnimnnvvr-nllh or Communism?" says: "Many creat national questions await th. people of tho Commonwealth to-day, such as dofonco, tariffs, ami tho settlement of empty lands.

These hnvo been thrust Into th. background, and lhe point at lusuo Is whether the Commonwealth (Invornmont or Communism Ib tor tho moment to bo the ruling lore. In Australia. "The leaders of the Labour parly have been vehement during tho election in denouncing the more violent propaganda of the extremists, hut If these protestations wer. genuine why did the Labour 1'remler of N.w South Wales Invito the other States to Join In destroying tho machinery of an Act whlcb the Commonwealth had set up for tbe preservation of order? Why did the Labour Premier of Queensland refuse tbe services of pilots to a shipping company thnt wished to move a steamor to a safer anchorage? Why did th.

Labour Premier of. "CIM iiuniiaim munre a message from Mr. Hruro asking for notice nroteetlon fnr Customs official who had been threatened "ii ii violence uy wnari workers at Jrrs- mnntlc? "Tlteso Incidents throw a eiirlnn. Ilfct mm tho altitude of Labour in ofllco to th. very men whom Its leaders disown when they com.

to tho hustings." ino editorial refers to Mr. McTl.rn.n-. action respecting a brief on behalf of Mr. unit iu mr. uaruen boast to his Soviet friends that Communists had Infiltrated th.

Labour movement In Australia. Continuing, tho artlcto suys: "It hi not dlnlrult tn mta-. stand why tho Australian elector finds on th. evo of the elertlon the protostntlona of Mr. Charlton aud his colleagues rather bard to believe." The editorial comments nn th rftffluit predicting tho result of tho polling owing to compulsory voting nnd the so-called "mystery ot voters," and the puzzle to dla-tant observers of the nbsenco of Mr.

W. M. IluBhos and Sir. Theodore from tho front-lln. trenches.

"It has been suggestod that Mr. Theodore Is Hudlng bis own battle difficult enough," says the article, "but probably rieep.r reasons dissociate ths ablest leader In ho Labour parly from tho embarrassing commitments nf Us hnngers-on. As for Mr. Hughes, he. Ilko other wartime Prim tors, has yot to regain his lost leadership.

The fact that after sitting on the fence so long Mr. Hughes hns apparently decided to coma down on tho sldo of Mr. Bruce suggests -at least that ho recognlsea tho ascendancy ot Tho editorial concludes commending Mr. Bruco's record as Prlmo Minister, "which has won respect oven from those who at first wero Inclined to lio grudging." MR. BRUCE'S TOUR.

Australia's Needs. IMMIGRATION AND DEFENCE. (FHOSI OKB SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE.) BUNYIP, Thursday. Continuing to-day tho tour of his elector, nio of Flinders, tho Prlmo Minister (Mr. llrurc) addressed meetings at six of th.

chief centres In Clppsland during the day. and tn-nlght ho will speak to a large audi ence at Frnnkston. Tho township of Bunylp, 53 miles from Molbournc, was Jie first to be visited this morning by Mr. Bruce, and there was a representative gathering In the local ball to hear him. Mr.

Bruce reminded his audlonco that on, Saturday the electors will havo to decldo (lis most vital problem the country had ovor had tn solve. When, during lhe war, Labour would have sold tbe people ot Australia to their enemies, the people, be said, rose In tbelr millions and consigned Lahour to political oblivion. Today Labour, by a policy ot inaction and tack of cournge, would deliver them Into the hands of a more dangerous, because a more Insidious foe. Yet Labour bad avoided the Issue and had conducted a campaign of scandalous misrepresentation In aa to show that the Govornm.nt had acted In tho past with ulterior motives. This, howevor.

had failed to blind th. p.opl. to tho real facte. Kvldenco of Labour's Communistic taint had been adduoed during the campaign Just closing. Tbls evident, merited some reply, yet Labour could produce none, and tho eloctora should consider deeply whethor th.y wore prepared to hand ovor tho reins ot office to a party wbiob was riddled wltb Communism.

(Applause.) "Labour," proceeded Mr. Bruce, "haa attempted to formulate a policy of Ita own, but It has shown total lack ot apprecla- EARLY COLLAPSE LIKELY. "AFTER THE ELECTIONS. Misleading reports regarding tbe strike position In other 8tates are being circulated with the object of persuading the men to hold out until next week. In order that the result of the elections may be known before the strike Is declared off.

It is admitted by the strikers that every nope win nave nea ana tnat tne strike win be declared off Immediately If the present Federal Government is returned at the noils. Only the slender hope of a Labour victory Is giving encouragomem to tne leaders in pro longing tho Btrlke. Yesterday the strike showed further signs or coming to an early end in Sydney, and the position In Brisbane and Adelaide has improved considerably. In spite of this, the seamen who remain on strike are being told that the men at Brisbane and Adelaide are standing firm. According to advices received In Sydney by shipowners, the White Star line stoamor Zealaudio left Adolalde yesterday morning wtih a full complement.

The port of Adelaldo is now entirely clear of ships which had been held up by the strike, and the steamer Mlddleham Cnstlo, at Port Flrio, Is tho only vossel now Idle In a South Australian port. Despite this fact, one strike leader In Sydney yesterday announced that he bad received a mossago from Adelaide that tbe men were standing out there. Similar terms are being used In regard to the Brisbane men, but the shipowners state that no men are on strike In Brisbane and Adelaide. The only men remaining In those ports are deserters, who have no positions, and who, bore fore, canuot be on strike. In Brisbane, moreover, the delay In the coaling of the steamer Barrabool has been overcome by the coal -lumpers agreeing to coal tbe steamer, thus enabling hor sailing from Brisbane, The Barrabool Is the last of the Btrlke-affected ships In Brisbane, and all efforts to induce tbe crews ot other ships visiting Brisbane to leave their posts have failed.

In Sydney, additional men are returning to their ships. The seamen admit that they have been forced to remain on strike through Intimidation. One vessel In particular, on which this occurred Ib the Aberdeen liner Themlstocles, now lying off Neutral Bay. Tbe eteamer Port Hardy, which was held up for some time at Bowen, will arrive In Sydney to-day, and another ot the same line's steamers, the Port Brisbane, arrived last night from Melbourne, where she had been detained through desertions. An Interesting movement to-day will be the departure of the motor ship Port Hobart for Melbourne, the vessel having discharged the whole ot her Sydney cargo.

With few exceptions, the crew ot this ship, who went on strike in Brisbane, have signified a desire to return, and have been brought down by rail from Brisbane to rejoin the ship. THE MAHIA SAILS. BRISBANE, Thursday. Tho Mahla, which had been laid up at Gladstone for the past three months, completed loading 3500 tons of sugar and 1200 bales of wool and sailed for the south yesterday. The seamen did everything to facilitate the departure of tho vessel, as they wero tired of the strike and were anxious to get home.

Of tbe original crew eight are missing. THE BARRABOOL. TO BE COALED BY LUMPERS. BRISBANE, Thursday. Coal lumpers at Brlshane to-day decided to load coal Into the steamer Barrabool.

This will enable the vessel to put to sea without her crew If the men refuse to go. The question of loading coal Into the vessel was considered by the coal lumoers at a meeting this morning, when It was decided to meet all the vessel's requirements. The men, It Is understood, were Influenced by the possibility of the Barrabool being coaled from me comer uorrimai. POSITION IN MELBOURNE. FOUR MORE STEAMERS SAIL.

MELBOURNH. Thiimdnv. Four more British steamers left Melbourne to -day the Orient mail liner Osterley, which sauca witnout leaving a single member of her crew behind; the Ascanius, the Ceramic, and the Port Wellington. With the example Deioro mem or me sailing of the Oronsay without delay a fortnight before, the strikers evl dently realised from the outset that It would be Impossible to Induce the crew ot tbe Oster ley to refuse duty. They did not even trouble to send delegates to the liner when she arrived last Tuesday.

The Commonwealth and Dominion steamer, Port Wellington, has been held up since her arrival from the United Kingdom on September 14, aince then all ot her original crew havo returned, wltb the exception ot is men, and their placos have now been filled by volunteers- There are now only four snips iaie in Aieinourne the Cornwall, Mamarl, Euripides, and Port Field. The opinion was expressed In shipping circles to-day that by tbe middle of next week all the vessels would be moving. It Is expected that the C. and V. steamor Port Adelaide, will sail shortly.

The Port Macquarle was taken to a bay anchorage to-day, and will now await orders. The determination of the most militant of the strikers appears to be weaken ing rapidly, witn tne prospect of tne imminent total collapse of tne strike. MILL AT INKERMAN. POSSIBLE STRIKE. HOME HILL.

Thursday. The Australian Workers' Union reo resent a tlve at the Inkerman Mill yesterday received instructions from Mr. Cahlll, secretary of the A.W.U.. at Townsvllle, to call a meeting of inkerman workers this morning to discuss the advisability of declaring tho Inkerman Mill "black" as a protest against the Inkerman farmers loading the Corrlmal In Bowen. This steamer being on the black list.

Mr. Ryan refused to call a meeting this morning, but the meeting Is being held to-night to dlHcuss tho position. Tbe Inkerman workers are a very eteady type. It is not though probable that any drastle action will be taken, especially as strikes on the water front have already cost them an average of 40 eaob this season. ZEALANDIC LEAtES ADELAIDE.

ADELAIDE, Thursday. The White Star cargo steamer Zealandlc left Port Adelaide this morning for eastern States. Eighteen men ot her original crew were left behfnd and 12 others were signed on In their places. Thus the Zealandlo was only six men short. CANCER RESEARCH.

GOVERNMENT'S HELP. During the campaign Labour speakers have nersistentlv asserted that the Bruce-Page Government has not done Its duty In regard to ettneer research, and have based numerous attacks on the Government for Its alleged Indifference to human suffering. No thing further from tne trutn couia oe invented. The Bruce-Pace Government has probably done more In this direction than any of Us predecessors. Through Its practical Inter est in tnis terrioie scourge one oi mo mosi un-to-dnte enncer research laboratories In the world will shortly bo Installed at the Sydney univorsity.

This has been made possible only by a gift to the University Cancor Research Committee of 6000, which will provide for the equipment of the laboratory for tbe purpose ot research Into the action of X-raya upon tissues, with speolal reference to the use ot such rays In the treatment of cancer. In addition to this, the Bruce-Page Government has made available large amounts to the Melbourne University tor a similar purpose, and during the last two years sums of money hav been set aside for tbe use ol the Commonwealth Laboratory. f. Pwclvsl, TO Huntnitrett Victims of the War ARMISTICE DAY. i Observance Abroad.

LONDON, Nov. U. Armtetiee nlgbt was marked by reverence, Joitcad of revelry, as In previous years. At tho Albert Hall, where the Victory Bull woe postponed, 10,000 people participated in a Service of Remembrance, and 20,000 were unable to tecure scats. Thousands stood outside In the bleak eight air.

At leading hotels ami restaurants In the West End gala dinners nd dances were held. Reuter. The night was the quietest of the seven tears' observances. A' new note of restraint was dominant and the times of hectic rovelry are racing. There was little rowdyinm In tbe strepts.

A boisterous crowd in Piccadilly Circus whs reduend to silence by a nan crying out Rupert Brooke's lines: There's a corner of a foreign field That is forovor England." Many churches and chapels hold short services of remembrance. Crowds continued to pass the Cenotaph throughout the night. IRISH FRKE STATE. Despite previous threats of agitation by ex-Iremo Republicans, on account of which Civic Guards reinforced tho police, Armistice Day vas celebrated in Dublin tranquilly, A cross to be erected on a French battlefield in commemoration of tho lfith Irish Division and temporarily placed on St. Stephen's Green, was unveiled.

There was a simple, Impressive ceremony, Including a two minutes' (Hence. In the pretence of an enormous crowd. vbicb cheered, waved Union Jacks, and after the unveiling joined In singing "find Save the King." started hy ex-service men. Many wreaths were placed on the cross, and popples sold readily. Two small smoke bombs were exploded without barm among the crowd, Maud Gonne McBrlde and other women Republicans were removed from the crowd by police for their own protection.

They were carrying placards dealing with prisoners. Fifteen persons were injured in fights after the celebrations. Mr. James Mc.Veill (High Commissioner for the Free State) deposited a wreath at the foot of the Cenotnph In London on behalf of the Irish Free State the first time Ireland had sent a wreath since the war. Lord Birkenhead shook hands with Mr.

McNeil. Parades of service men in Cork and Tlp-perary Id celebration of Armistice Day were not disturbed. At a similar parade In Slra-bane and Tyrone Catholics and Protestants participated. Ueiiter. THE DAY IX TARIS.

Altbougb to-day was a public holiday In Paris, an absence of rejoicing characterised Arml3t'ce Day celebrations, in consequence of tbe financial crisis, rlthough tho streets were beflaged with Allied colours. Newspaper articles reflected tbe subdued popular feeling. Reuter. Armistice Day was chosen for the unveiling of a tablet in Mcaux Cathedral to the memory of 1,000,009 British dead, the majority of whom rest In France." This tablet Is one of a series, others having already been placed in cathedrals at Paris, Amlons, Kan tee, lteauvai, and Rouen. Reutor.

CANADIAN COMMEMORATION. MONTREAL, Nov. 11. Armistice Day was never more solemnly cbserved throughout Canada than It wna today. At eleven o'clock, tho two minutes' silence was observed from coast to coast.

Every city conducted some special ceremony. At Toronto tho (Urd Rynp) unveiled a cenotaph. At Montreal, whore nine out of ten people wore floppies, impresplvo ceremonies wore conducted. The crews of nil the ships In port muMcrerl nn deck for the lowering of (lags to half mast, nnd Jnrned In singing "Nearer My (iod to Thee." Throughout the country all telegraph operations, railways, nnd steamships ceased during the two minutes' silence. BPIRITUAL HEALING.

ATTITUDE OF B.M.A. KO OFFICIAL COGNISANCE. LONDON, Nor. 11. The secretary of tho British Medical Asso-(fatluD says that the association la net taking lllclal cognisance of tho committee which the Archbishop ot Canterbury Is appointing to Wse tho Church In regard to alth healing and beating missions.

"There Is too much difference of opinion among doctors," he tates, "for us to do so. Some heartily believe In spiritual healing; others strongly prose the Idea underlying It." Discussing the matter, Dr. Otto May (vlce-presifient of the Assurance Medical Society), ays: The menial slate of the patient, par-tltnlarly with regard to desire to become well, together with faith that he can be cured, is mo6t important. Nevertheless, I caDnot find anv evirtoncn lonaido lift la Divine Interference with the laws of aiure or witu ordinary physical and psycho- v.ikai tuns. LORD ALLENBY, TO VISIT AUSTRALIA.

.1 rahal v'MomH Allenby, who will be aCuntn niAtft I. a 1 1 i -ni oy i.aoy AiicnDy, "1 at Marseilles on mer 2, for Colombo, sailing thence for bcr -t mmw'll' the Mongolia on December, 5 Tniantlo on Jan-n74rtn. Melbourne the 11th. I WEMBLEY BUILDINGS. DISPOSING OF DOMINION PAVILIONS.

-h. LONDON, Nov. 11. "tb th. i.n.M'!nbl'y to nwtlau avMln.

to take over their fil.t.5 Auatrall New Zealand t. bulllllS restore the nonth. condition within six Austr.ii closlng 11,8 exhibition. idHai I. are hopeful of Jrolt.

lnlac' a substantial b0 exhibition being Itiei. 6 would bo valuable SOUTH APEICA. NEW CABINET MINISTER. llr m.j CAPETOWN, Nov. IS.

the member for Senon who has been appointed as the ln Uo Cabinet. W. IhS? Socialist. I. lhe "PPomtment will be far from lr.bre!'re"iv!d 'n Nationalist circle? MrsDn d.yK perturbed at Cbinet 8 i.

lbe Bocl'lt element in tho I.n that Mr- Madeley t. an, t.i""1 Minister foj "''at holder Mr- BM-Ubour become Minister -for Mo of "talnln Port- THE JAVA MUEDER. STILL A MYSTERY. section Nov. 12.

Wll Ze? th. People', mii jj. the Government IMlTt4. UDf0UI'. The my.t.ry On Newspaper Office.

POLICE REPOKT. Curious facts concerning the raid alleged to have been made by armed and masked men on the office of the "Labour Dally" nowspaper at about 11.80 p.m. on Wednesday are contained In the report made to police headquarters by Sergeant P. Sheehy, of tbe police wireless night patrol, which was sent to the "Labour Dally" office as soon as tbe police received news of the raid. Sergeant Sheehy's report shows that nothing In the building was stolen, broken, or dam aged In any way; that, though most of the employees In the building were stated to have seen tbe masked Intruders struggling with the editor of the paper (Mr.

Q. Speddlng), no one went to his assistance; that the small piece of fuBe connected to six plugs of gelignite found In one of the rooms of the ofllce was faked before connection extinguished before It was attached to the gelignite. "It does not appear to me," Sorgeant Sheehy concludes, "that there was any Intention to damage any property or Injure anybody on the premises, Armed as tho men were, It would have been a very easy matter for them to have cleancj the lot up." THE REPORT. Fnllnwlne Is Kereeant Shcehv'B report: "At 11.41 p.m. on Wednesday a wireless message was received to the effect that men were at the 'Labour Dally' office breaking things up.

On arrival at the 'office three minutes after we were Informed that they had Just left. On interviewing the editor iwr, tha nflK.nLant sub-oditor (Mr. Rod- gers), and the nlghtwatchman, we ascertained the following particulars: "Artz, the watchman, stated that three masked men entered the building, and one of them covered him with a revolver, but did not speak. The other two proceeded to the editor's room, hut Arts did not notice whether they had anything In their hands. Shortly afterwards he saw them engaged In a struggle with tbe editor.

"The editor stated that he was sitting In his office at tho time stated, when two masked men entered. They both carried plck-handlos, and one said. 'We want and made a blow at hlra with the pick-handle, which he avoided. Both men then caught hold of him, and dragged him out of his office. Ho struggled with them, and when In the commercial room he slipped on the wet floor and fell.

A third man then appeared on the sceno, and punched the editor in the ribs. Tho struggle con tinued to the front door, where he again slip ned. nnd foil. "Whpn hn regained his feet two of the men had disappeared. The third man was in the act of getting into a dark-coloured car, wmcn was standing near tho corner of the building.

There was no number on the car, which drove away Immediately. "On returning to the office it was found thnt the floor of the commercial room was wet with kerosene. A gallon tin, threo-parts tun of kerosene, was found under tho table. A pick handle and a soft felt hat were found In the same room. Under a tnble In a room noar the editor's room an employee named Whittaker found six plugs of gelignite, which bad a smalL piece of fuse attached.

The fuse had been lit, partly burned, and was quite wet, evldontly having been extinguished before it was attached to the gelignite. "At the time all this was going on there were a number of employees In the building, most of whom saw the occurrence, but no one went to the assistance of the editor. Rodgers stated that he attempted to go to tho editor's assistance, but was prevented by wuutaKer. "There was nothlnR stolen, broken, or dam aged In any way in the building, and It does not appear to me that there was any Intention to daniago any property or injure anyone on the premises. If the intention did exist.

It would have been a very easy matter for tho men. armed as they were, to nave cieanea the lot up. Moreover, it Is quite evident thnt the fuse connected with the gelignite was faked before It was conflicted, thus making It ineffective." Thfl case was yesterday placed In the hands of Detective-sergeant Matthews and Detectives Missingham, Comans, and Harnett. UNION CONFLICT. Mining MECHANICS OBJECT TO ABSORPTION.

ckssnock. Thursday. A meeting of the Cessnock District Colliery Mechanics' Association last night endorsed the action of the general secretary mir. n. C.

Morton) In presenting 14 days' notice to the manager of the Bull! coal and uoko nor, nn rinmnnitinir thn reinstatement of a rail way employee named Yeoman, who had been dismissed because, as a member of the Colliery Mechanics' Association, ho had refused to pay lodge and newspaper levies to the Workers' Industrial of Australia. Tho colliery mechanics regard the attack on Yeoman by the Workers' Industrial Union as part of a scheme compulsorlly to absorb nil EPHIl uiimuo lu vmd il anA thnv MIA iroi me cominiinus aeierminea 10 ngni me iiubihwu The WOrsers inauBirmi uiumi, genera secretary mr. Annur iecuwi nirm- nt.t..M In all mmh.H nf ly IBHlieil Bll miiui.iuui the Colliery Mechanics' Association to Join UP Wltn me dik uniun omuiw niu.s the colliery mechanics have decided to retain tne eniny oi iuir uw umvu, Cline nw muhuiucii uj uto It 18 expecien inai me ciosu uii. two unions will lead to serious trouble In the mining lnaustry. MOTORISTS' EYESIGHT.

RIGID TEST SUGGESTED. VIEWS OF OPTOMETRISTS. Tho necessity for a more rigid eyesight test for applicants tor licenses to drive motor vehicles waa emphasised yesterday' at the conference ot the Australian OptometricaJ Association. Despite the tremendous Increase In motoi traffic, said the chairman (Mr. W.

(I. Kett, New South Wales), the question of the eyesight of motorists, which waa one ot vital Importance, was shamefully neglected. In some States, notably In Victoria and South Australia, no examination at all was made of the eyesight of the applicants. In New South WaleB the test was farcical. It wnB a disgrace that onveyed men should be allowed to drive motorB In cities where six eyes would be none too many.

Strangely enough, the automobile associations were not In favour of the Government tightening up the regulations, because they claimed that the motorist was already hindered by the law quite enough. The following motion, carried at the Mel bourne conference of the A.O.A., was affirmed: (a) The applicant must have two useful eyes; (b) the acutenesn of the vision with or without glasses shall not be less than 60 per cent. In either eye, or less than 80 per cent. In one eye, If the other eye Is normal; there shall be no diplopia (double vision): (d) the colour sense shall be normal In red, green, and bluo; (e) the light sense shall be (f) the sense of tho perspective shall be normal, according to modern tests; (g) the field or range vision shall be according to recognised perimetric measurements for white, red, and green; (h) the aditlon of a penalty clause requiring drivers to wear glasses neeeesary to obtain at least B0 per cent, vision. REGISTRATION OF OPTICIANS.

DEPUTATION TO MINISTER. The Minister, for Health (Mr. Cann) prom ised a deputation of delegates from the Australasian Optometrlcal Association yesterday that he would Introduce legislation to provide for tbe registration of opticians. It was pointed out to blm that such Acts were already operative In Queensland, South Aus tralia, and Tasmania. The president of the association (Mr.

w. G. Kett) said that optometrists had been trying to secure legislation for 36 years. They asked for a restriction of present privileges by rigid control ot opticians. The Minister, In reply, expressing sympathy with the alms ot the deputation, said he realised the need of protection for the public I cannot promise to put through a bill this seMloa," bo added, "but I will make cm of tto flrat bUla axt aatiW, Decision at Bowen.

WATERSIDERS' ACTION. Trouble Is again threatened at Bowen, tn consequence of a challenge that has been thrown down to the farmers of the district by the Bowen branch of tbe Waterside Workers' Federation. The branch has now declared "black" all sugar at Bowen, and the farmers may be called upon again to load ships. The action has been taken by the water-aiders, because the steamer Corrlmal had been loaded wttk sugar by farmers. The waterBlders refused to load the sugar on to the Corrlmal under award conditions, and, In order to effect shipment of their product, the farmers loaded the vessel.

It Is stated that the waterslders agreed to allow the loading of sugar on this steamer by tbe farmers, but on completion of the loading the waterslders reversed their former decision. The Corrlmal left Bowen yesterday for Sydney, but the decision will probably affect any other steamers calling at Bowen for sugar cargoes. SPAHLINGER. 250,000 for Formula. Mr.

H. MacDonnell writes that during hie recent visit to Geneva Mr. Spahllnger informed him that he had been offered 250,000 for his formula, but as he could not get a guarantee tnat It won Id be made to standard he refused to entertain the offer. "Regarding the offer of 38,000 made by a Melbourne gentleman for treatment." adds the writer, "this was evidently declined on the same grounds that prompted Spahllnger to refuse to treat an English millionaire luBt December. He informed this sufferer that be did not treat wealthy persons, who could find many comforts and the best ot good food to help them.

He was only using his very limited supplies of partial serum and vaccines for tho poor." CLAN MONROE. VALUE OF CARGO. CONSIGNED TO PATERSON. LAING, AND BRUCE. MELBOURNE, Thursday.

"On board the steamer Clan Monroe wero goods valued at 3Tt for the Melbourne houao of I'aterson, Laitig, and Bruce, and on the Vol inn la gooua valued at 2141," said the managing director of tbe Melbourno oMcoh ot the arm (Mr. J. Cupples) to-day. Mr. Cupples was asked to stale tho value of the goods on both ships for the tlrm when the vessels were delayed owing to the demand by the Australian Sea.nen's Union that Australian rates should be paid to the members of the crews which were under charter to the Commonwealth Government line of steumors.

"it is absolutely ridiculous for unyoue to say that tbe Prime Minister iMr. Bruce) facilitated a settlement of the dispute be-causo we deitlred to lund a large quuntlty ot goods before the new Customs rates opcruted. As I have said," Mr. Cupples continued, "the gooda were on the ships. 1 have given tho figures for Melbourno.

I am not absolutely certain of those for Sydney, but I believe that the value of the Sydney goods was small, even by comparison with tbe value of tUoeo for Melbourne. Mr. Bruce, In any case, could have hud no knowledge of tbe transactions, because lie has hardly entered the warehouse for Ave years, and certainly tukeB no part In Its business managomont. Of the small quantity of goods on tho Volumnia, ub Mr. Bruce has said, 76 worth were stolen In Sydney and Melbourne.

For any who aro not salts tied with the accuracy of my statement, I am prepared to produce all tne invoices, snip manifests, and any other documents relating to the shipments, and tnero is snyono still dissatisfied, 1 will embody the facts I have related in tbe form of a statutory declaration." MISTAKEN IDENTITY. "DEAD" MAN'S RETURN. AUCKLAND. Thursday. A case ot mistaken identity occurred In connection with a body found in the baruour on Saturday.

The bouy was identified by a son and five previous fellow-workers us that of John Gallagher, well known as "liobart-town Jack," aged 72, who had been a familiar personage in the Auckland district for a couple of goaeratfous. Tho Inquest, after evidence of Identification, was adjourned, owing to the absence of evidence as to how the body got into the water. The body was removed to the home of Gallagher's wife, where it was viewed by members of the family. The funeral on Monday waa largely atteuded. aud there was an abundance ot wreaths.

The fact that Uallugher himself was residing In the country accounted for the strange error. The report ot tho loqueBt and an obituary notice was observed by a country resident, who saw Uallugher alive on Saturday. He communicated with the family, and Gallagher's soo visited his father and satisfied hlmBelt of the mistake The Coroner says that it is uullkely that the body will be exhumed, and suggests that Gallagher should attend the adjournod inquest, and convince the sceptical witnesses who Identified blm. Gallagher states that he has beon reported dead twice previously. In his younger days be waa a noted athlete.

One ot hl favourite pastimes was racing a coach on foot a distance of 30 or 40 mlleB. He usually won. RAILWAY SERVANTS. NEW AGREEMENT SIGNED. MELBOURNE, Thursday.

In the Commonwealth Arbitration Court to day, before the Deputy President (Sir John Quick), Mr. R. Blaucb, representing the Railways Commissioners of New South Wales, made an announcement that the Com-, missloners had entered Into an agreement with the Australian Railways Union In Bottle-ment of disputes between them and members of the union. The agreement applied to practically all sections of the railway traffic and permanent way branches, and to certain employees in tbe locomotive branches, re freshment rooms, and a few other small branches of the service. Where craft unions had obtained awards from tbe Court similar grades had not been Included In the agreement.

The salaried officers of the service were not Included in the agreement, and remained to be dealt wltb by the Court after claims have beon submitted by the Railway Officers' Association. The baela wage lu the agreement was fixed at 44 per week, subject to quarterly adjustments according to the rise or fall In the cost of living. Tbls did not Include the sum of 3 per week usually allowed by the Court, which had been eliminated In this Instance In consideration ot superior conditions and advantages, such as sick pay, holidays, free passes, enjoyed by railway servants In New South Wales, In regard to margins above the tunic wage, there were not any substantial alterations from existing margins, which gonerally had been maintained. The hours were generally fixed In the agreement at 48 hours a week, or 96 hours a fortnight, although they would probably be subject to legislation In relation to a 44-hour week now pending In New South Wales, PUNT ACCIDENT. MOTOR CAR IN RIVER.

ORAFTON, Thursday. The Mayor of South Orafton (Alderman S. A. Jones) had a narrow escape from drowning In an accident at the Clarence River punt at Houth Orafton to-night. Alderman Jones, accompanied by bis wife, was driving bis motor car to (South Oration, and crossed the river by punt.

When the ount reached tbe South Orafton side Alderman Jones made to drive off, but the car. Instead ot going for ward, moved backward through tha rear gates, and plunged Into lift of wster, disappearing with Alderman and Mrs. Jones aboard. Mrs. Jones waa ths Arst to come to the surface, and was speedily rescued.

Aiaer-man w.n f.rrl.fl out for some distance. and did not come to the surface for some time. Mr. Frank McKlttrlck jumped in, ana, swimming out to Alderman Jones, who was In a seml-eiturastsd condition, brought him ashore, suffering savsrely from shook. The ear an not yet Iwsm tensmed.

EXPOSED BY MR. BRUCE. MELBOURNE, Thursday. In the course of his speech at Berwick tonight tb Prime Minister (Mr. Bruce) commented on the tactics that had been pursued by tbe 'Labour party during the campaign, and described the latest canard as "an impudent and malicious Mr.

Bruce said that while In Sydney last week he heard persistent rumours of a last-minute sensation which the Labour party was going to expose. To-day the "Sydney Labour Dally' published the wonderful sensation. As they were awnre, a FasclstI organisation had been formd In Australia. The Ministry had promptly repudiated It, and he had Fit Id quite clearly that the Ministry would permit no organisation to usurp authority In Aufiiralta, and that it would see thnt the law was obeyed by all persons, irrespective of rank, condition, or belief. Labour's sensntlon was a letter, purporting to emanate from the headquarters of the British Fascists, and addressed to Captain Hatcher, the organiser of the Australian branch.

"Labour Is In power In four States," read a part of the letter, "and our experience has been such that almost anything would be justified In preventing It-from ruling Federally. Any necessary steps should be taken to precipitate open hostilities with tho militant unions. Open rioting would give us an opportunity to smash the unions and cripple Labour politically. In this wo have the definite assuranca that the present Federal Government would co-operate, and will secretly Instruct lis officers to work In conjunction with our forces." Thnt letter was alleged to be signed by Mr. A.

Klrby Hewlett, the organising secretary of the British Fascists. "A MALICIOUS FORGERY." There wan no doubt, said Mr. Bruce, the object In publishing the letter was definitely to link the Federal Ministry up with the Fascist! movement. Unfortunately for the object In view, tbe roan who had aoncocted the letter had made so many glaring mistakes, that It stood exposed as an Impudent and malicious forgery. (Cheers.) Not only was the heading of the paper entirely different from the actual letter heads used by the British organisation, but a wrong address had been used, in addition to a tele phone number which was not only wrong, but Impossible.

Not content with these mistakes, the writer bad referred to the present election, and had then dated his letter the day before the announcement of the election had been made to the House of Representatives. The letter said further, "Our present Chancellor ot tho Exchequer (Mr. Austin Chamberlain) snld were Labour returned with a working majority It would bo necossary In tho Interests of the nation to suspond constitutional government, and forcibly prevent It from assuming Apart from the Impossibility of a statesman such as Mr. Chamberlain using such absurd language, the fact was, as everyone knew, that Mr. Chamberlain was not Chancellor of the Exchequer, but was Secretary ot State for Foreign AfTalrs.

Had the letter been written In London, as it was alleged to have boon, there would have been no possibility of Buch an error. Those surface indications, continued Mr. Bruce, were sufficient to stamp the letter as a forgery, and the publication of it a donplc-ablo attempt to discredit the Ministry. However, he had secured a sworn affidavit from Captain Hatcher, to whom tho letter was alleged to have been written, in reply to one sent by Captain Hatcher. CAPTAIN HATCHER'S AFFIDAVIT.

Captain Hatcher swore that he had never received such a letter or any letter containing similar sentiments; that he had never written to the British Fascists Inviting or requiring a reply In such terms; that he had never communicated with or received any com-, munlcatlon from any person of tbe name of A. Klrby Hewlett, and that he was of the opinion that the letter was an attempt to ascribe to British Fascists a communication which was never authorised or sent by the organisation. Only that day be had, In response to cubles sont to Scotland Yard and British Fascist officials, received a reply which! completely shattered Labour's latest canard. I Mr. Howlott, the man who was supposed to have sent tbe lotter, resigned from tho move ment In July, and bad statod that he had never communicated with Australia.

The president of the movement (General Blaksney) and tbe vice-president (Admiral Armstrong), both denied that any such letter was ever sent, and stated that the sentiments expressed ware contrary to the principles of tbe organisation. "There have been many slanderous mis statements made during this campaign," re marked Mr. Bruce amid approving cheers, "but none so utterly mischievous as this. Tbe persons responsible for the production and publication of this deliberate forgery, and those associated with them in It stand com demned as men unfitted to participate In the government ot this country. When they are forced to resort to such tactics on tne eve of an election, trusting to the shortness of time and the difficulties Imposed by distance to prevent Its early refutation, they must re gard their case as hopeless, and If their tactics aro an indication of tneir characters, it wen deserves to be.

(Loud cheers.) Mr. Bruce added that how far the leaders of the Opposition had any part In the affair he did not know, and he expressed no opinion, but he pointed out that the Labour Prkiler of New South Wales (Mr. Lang), the author of the last unsuccessful effort to discredit him. wan a director of the "Labour Dally." An other member of tbe New South Wales Lab our Government was also a director ot the HEAD-ON COLLISION. Queensland Trains.

ACCIDENT NEAR TOOWOOMBA. BRISBANE, Thursday. A head-on collision occurred at Ballard, about seven miles below Toowoomba. bet ween Range View and Spring Bluff, at 8.46 a.m. to-day between two goods trains, draw ing about 500 tons each.

No one was Injured. Both trains were moving slowly probably at about four miles per hour. The cow-catchers and buffers of the engines, which were of a heavy type, wore crumpled. The heavily-londed timber on the waggons of the "down" train kept the rails fairly well, but on the "up" train three waggons, one ot which waa loaded with merchandise, wore smasbod to matchwood. A fourth was derailed.

The "down" train was on a loop line, moving slowly, when, it Is believed, the "up" train crossed over the points, which had been left open, and crashed Into It, As there Is a sharp turn at the spot, neither driver could see the other train approaching. Several trains were held up, but the dislocation of trnffio was not great. Tbe first passenger train from Toowoomba to arrive on the scene carried the Premier (Mr. McCorraack), who was returning to Brisbane. Ho was only delayed about 25 minutes.

When the Premier's train passed, th. engines of the two goods trains they were still locked together. It Is feared that the vital parts of one engine have been rendered useless, and the other was badly damaged, DONALD GRANT. HOW TO DEFEAT HIM. However electors may feel disposed to distribute their preferences wltb regard to the other nine candidates for the Senate In New South Wales, there surely can bs no doubt that they will give last plac.

to Mr, Donald Orant. To do this the number 10 should be placed opposite the name of Mr. Grant on th. -ballot paper. Electors should not bs misled Into leaving the space opposite his nam.

blank, or into putting cross In the space. Unless numbers are placed opposite tbe names of all the candidates on th. Senate ballot paper, the vote will be Informal. Thus, Instead ot damaging tho prospects of Mr. Orant, will record a vol.

that will be ot no value for the candidates they dsslr. to support. atartya X. TbnlfsUi HuMr-stiest, Mas LONDON, Nov. 12.

There 'have been Important developments at Luxor, where tbe actual sarcophagus of King Tutankhamen having been exposed, the mummy of the Pharaoh has at last been taken from Us resting place of 3000 years. A message to the "Dally Chronicle' says that amid the greatest secrecy Mr. Howard Carter Uf'ed the mummy from the Innermost gold-covered case nnd propped it up to the wall while Dr. Derry, professor of anatomy at Cairo University, submitted It to X-ray examination. It is hoped that medical examinations will reveal whether Tutankhamen died from tuber culosis or by violence.

It there are no In dlnntlons of the cause of death Dr. Lucas, ot the Kfiyptlan Department of Antiquities, will analyne the Internal organs for traces of poison. Mr. Carter believes that Horembeb, a general of Akbcnaton, a heretic king, murdered Tutankhamen and usurped the crown, hence the hurried burial ot Tutankhamen. Mr.

Carter found in the Necropolis a mag nificent coloured papyrus roll, 100ft in length, containing the first Royal Boole of tbe Dead. The papyrus is embellished with hundreds of paintings In colour by Egypt greatest artists. This hook may well prove tho tomb's (lnest lPRacy, revealing the wonders of tho school of painting founded by AKhennton at Ten ci A mama in Kgypi supremo ponoa oi aocura- llvo nit. Tho inmost coffin, which is the most splendid of all, has been cleaned of the black resinous matter due to funeral libations. The gold figures ot gods and other ornamentation are declared to make the coffin superior to any iitmiiRr work in EevDt.

The excavntors are continuing their task. Mr. Carter still hopes to find the crown of upper and lower Egypt- PEACE OF EUROPE. LOCARNO PACT. The League of Nations.

LONDON. Nov. 11. There will be 150 Kuetus (saya Keuter), Including signatories to the Locarno part and loadlnir diplomats, at tho State banquet at Buckingham Palace. The celebrated gold nlate service will be used, rne nannuet win be served In the State ballroom tho largest annrtmont In the Palace.

The secretariat of the League of Nations at Geneva has been Informed that Greece la willing to sign a Balkan security pact. It Is expected that Mr. Austen Chamberlain, at the meeting of the Council of the League in December, will anneal to tho Balkan Powers to Blgn a pact on the lines of tho Lcnruo Treaty, The reply of the German Government to tho Note or the Ambassadors' uonierenne regarding disarmament was rushed by telegraph to the German Ambassador at Paris (Dr. Hoesch) on tbe letter's Intimation that the Allies would not announce the alleviations to be made in the Rhineland regime until the reply had been received. Dr.

Hoesch has in formed M. Brian of Germany's reply, which a report from Paris describes as "mainly satlsractory Keuter. A number of leading German Nationalists, including Prince Hohenlohe, Prince Fucr stenberg, and Count Bismarck, have dissociated themselves from the Nationalists' hasty action against the Locarno i act. They ui Jt appealing lor support tor tne uovcrn ment's policy on the pact. THE EMPIRE AND THE PACT.

CAPETOWN. Nov. 11. General Smuts, In a speech before the Lengue of Nations Union to-night, brilliantly defended the Leaguo, arguing against the idoa that it was a now super-State or engine of military coercion, and pointing out Unit the economic boyi-ott was in effect tho only weapon or tne League. "But, he added, it Is a very powerful weapon, and if honestly applied would be found completely onective.

lie said that he welcomed Gor muny's decision to join the Leaguo. The pact of Locarno was the most considerable new departure Britain had ever undertaken In foreign policy. He doubted whether all the would adhere to It. There were Inevimblo centrifugal tendencies at work in the Empire, and it was greatly to be feared that Locarno bad given them Borne impetus. Keuter.

SPAIN. OFFICERS ARRESTED. LONDON, Nov. 12. The correspondent of the Paris "Matin" at San Sebastian, notwithstanding censorship.

lias learned tnat ucnerals Lopez. Ushoa, and tiousa. Colonels Pardo and uarcla, uud other officers whose names aro unknown have been incarcerated in a military prlBOn at Madrid. Their Imprisonment Is believed to be con nected with a movement to overthrow the Directory, restore constitutional guarantees. and summon Parliament.

There has been an agitation among Spanish officers in connection with certain rewards promised by General Prlmo de Rivera to those participating In tho landing at Alhucemas. but tho real object of the movement is understood to be the revival of the programme of the military Juntas of 1917. Reuter. GENERAL CABLE NEWS. LONDON, Nov.

11. Tbe Home Secretary (Sir Wm. Joynson Hicks) announces the early abolition ot the broad arrow on prisoners uniforms, and the Introduction of "decent, respectable clothing." Ho hopes thereby to Inculcate self-respect and Improve tbe moral of prisoners. A report has been Issued by tbe Ministry of Agriculture on the settlement of ex-eorvice men on 1G.O00 small holdings In England and Wales from 1919 to 1925. This shows that only 10 per cent, in England and 12 per ceut.

In Wales have been failures, but states that probably half tbe capital cost of tbe holdings will have to be writteu off. Dorman, Long, and contractors for the Sydney Harbour Bridge have reopened steelworks at Acklam (Yorkshire), employing 000 men. Tbe worka had been closed for a year. The Dominion High Commissioners wUl visit Cambridge Jn Saturday as guests of the University authorities, to attend a reception at which dominion students will be present, and subsequently a dinner. In view of tbe trend of studnla from the dominions to Oxford in the recent years, mainly owing to the influence of the Rhodes scholarship scheme, tbe visit la held In some quarters to have considerable significance.

neuter. Several country towns have asked thn Hieh Commissioner (Sir Joseph Cook) to send them the Australian model of a Christmas pudding, as shown In the Lord Mayor's show. Harrod's, has also asked for It to dlsnlav In ihir emporium. lhe Oxford-Cambrldze boat raca hn hn Oxed for March 27. The Cabinet has approved the Admiralty proposal to close Roeyth and Pembroke dockyards, except for maintenance of buildings and plant In case of need.

A telegram from The Hague states that four Catholic members ot tbe Cabinet have resigned, following a resolution by the First Chamber abolishing tbe Netherlands Embassy to tbe Vatican. AVIATION. TRANSCONTINENTAL FLIGHT. PERTH, Thur.d.y. Two De Havlland which left the military aerodrome at Point Cook at 6.S0 a on Friday last, arrived at Perth at 3.30 p.m.

to-day. They were ai daya on the way, but the actual flying time was 25 hours. They were met on arrival at Perth by Major Dobson, representing the district military headquarters, and Major Brearley, ot Westrallan Airways, Ltd. The airmen reported a good trip. They are visiting Western Australia in connection with the annual military manoeuvres, and will co-operate In Bring practice.

They expect to remain In the weat for several weeks. VIOTOBIAK MODERATOR, MELBOURNE, Thursday. Th selection committee of th, Presbyterian Assembly decided to Invite the Rev. Thomas Brown, of Wllllamstown, to take the position of the Moderator of th. State Assembly.

v-1 tyR. BRUCE. Appeals to Workers. MET.noURNE, Thursday. The Trlme Minister (Mr.

Bruce) Issued to day tho following appeal to the workers of "The Issues of this election vitally concern ttw personal Interest and wolfare of every working man In Australia. Kvery unionist knows thut extremists have a strangle-hold over some nf our most Important Industrial organisations. They havo deliberately white-anted tho Labour movement they havo plunged tho country Into Industrial turmoil; they have squandered tho funds ot once wealthy unions. Their ideas aro both foreign and repugnant to Australians. In pome cases these men are uctually foreigners by birth, Incapable of understanding nnd appreciating Australian aspirations and -Ideals.

Unionism flourished in Australia before they camo; It will flourish after they Iihvo gone, hut It will never Hour Mi while they remain. They did nothing to lull Id unionism up. They nro daln? everything In their power to pull it down. To preserve unionism you must cast out the extremists. Tlrey tire not here to servo the purpose of Australia; they are here to foment trouble, and they are using the great machinery of unionism only to serve their own sinister purposes.

"The British shipping dispute was a fight between certain British unionists and their own unions. Australia was not concerned In any way; why, then, nhould Australia have been made the batllo-ground ot the dispute, and Australian men, women, nnd children be called upon to suffer? Tim same people who drnpRcd Australia Into this upheaval walkod out of the Arbitration Court, and have oponly expressed their contempt for this and any other method of adjusting grievances poaceably and constitutionally. Under our advanced Industrial system the Australian worker Is bettor off than auy other worker In the world. These men would smash that system and revert to direct action. Irrespective of tho misery und chaos It would brlmr upon Australia.

"If the tiovcrnmcnt Is returned to power It will real ore to tho individual memher.t of tho union, hy means of a loKnliaod secret ballot, full control of their own affairs. This will enable tho workers themselves to put an end to the lawless actions of extremist official, and orTm't speedy settlement of all Industrial din- Pitt es within the law, without dtslocn- tion of Industry. 1 appeal to the workers of Australia to voto for the Covornnieni, and strike a blow In defence of their own Interests, of arbitration, and ot dent" crattc government. LABOUR PARTY. Mr.

Charlton's Appeal. "The election campaign Ib now concluding. Kach party's policy has bei placed before you, and on Saturday, Nov em bo 14, you will bo given nn opportunity of deciding who is to govern. 1 sincerely trust that grave consideration will be given to the Important ipiest ions affecting tho Commonwealth, and that tbe sldo Isbuou which the Bruce-Pae Government have endeavoured to raise In order to cover their maladministration will not be allowed to influence your Judgment. "This (lovornment, whilst claiming to have reduced direct taxation, has omitted to mention that by allowing the country to bo flooded with Imported goods, whilst our own Industries havo been languishing, the Indirect taxation hnB considerably Increased, making tho taxation, direct and Indirect, In 3 per head greater than It was In "Throughout Australia, Mr.

Brum has ridiculed Labour's defence proposals, but I have quoted numerous authorities supporting I lie party In Its attitude. TIicpo experts contend that submarines, torpedo boats, aeroplaues, serviceable shore guns, and converUMe factories, will make Australia Impregnable. "All Prlmo Mill Is torn prior to Mrr -Bruce considered It a duty devolving upon them to Intervene In Industrial troublea, with a view to preventing anything Injurious tn Australia's welfare. Mr. Bruce is the only I'rime Minister who, when asked to Intorvene.

haa refused. Ilia attitude leads one to Infer that he Ik anxious to see a prolongation of Industrial troubles for political purposes. "The Labour party from Its Inception has always adopted constitutional methods for the purpose of giving effect to He Ideals. The assertion ot our opponents that we are dominated by Communists lsbsolutely without foundation, as wo aro the only party which excludes the CommunlstB from Its movement. "This Composite (iovernmont, with Its smoke screen ot Bolshevism and Communism, has during Its terms of office refused to do anything to assist the great Industrial masses, whilst guarding the Interests of the prlvlloged and exploiting classes.

"On tbls occasion we have arrayed against us the privileged, wealthy, and reactionary forces In tho Commonwealth, together with the capitalistic Press, tinder varlouH names, they pose as the ehamplons of the people, but experience has shown tn no uncertain man- 1 ner that those gentlemen have no Interest whatever In the welfare of the masses. "Our humanitarian policy, which la really a continuance. of the good work done by Labour, when It previously held the reins of Government, Is clear and dollnlte. We stand for a broad, virile policy of development, atways kecptng in view our desire to Improve conditions. Our legislation will be In the interests, not of a chosen few, but of the whole of the people.

"I earnestly appeal to you to weigh the Issues fully, and not to bo led away by bogoys, which are Introduced to cover the misdeeds of tho present (lovornment. If this Is done, I feel confident that Labour will be returned with a majority lu both Houses," COUNTRY PARTY. Dr. Page's Appeal. "I appeal to p.npla of Australia, ami sp.clslly to of Australia, to support ths Bruco-rog.

(Jovornment on Saturday. "Tho fJovsrnnwnt stands for constltu-tlonal as opposed to mob rulo. It stands for tho mnlnlennnco of low nnd ordsr, and for Justlco for all sections of th. community. "It has a clear view nf whnt tics hrforo Australia, and hns a conhdent faith In Its futurs.

brings forward comprehensive national plan of devoJnpWnl, social offlnlenrv, and Innre-isod production, which will ensure that vision being reallssd. "I unto sveryon. to voto on November 4 for the Mlnlsterlsl all nf whom stsnd for Australia as attntnst Russia, and for th. British Empire aa against Communism." 1 I 1 It 1 1 ,1. UI usiraiia-8 neeus ana aspirations.

Does any person In this country agree that we should give up our White Australia policy? Labour, by Its po'ley of Imperial relations, leaves us no other course; for If thut policy Is carried out, we will hav. to break away from tho Umpire by the might of which alone our Whlto Australia stands against tho tldos thnt mennco It. Doss any elector hollcvo that any war In which Australia should be Involved should be decided on our own soil; that our land must lo drenched with the blood of our own lighting men? Labour's defence policy, by Its fntluro to recogniso that our probl.m Is primarily a naval ono, would hand over control of the sons to any nation that cared to take It, and no attack upon Australia could thus bo fought, other than on our own shores. Does any elector agree that Australia does not need Lnhour's policy In this regard is so vsgu. thnt should war not cease, and th.

right of law and Justtes not prevail, our land would be wrenched from us because w. hav. not the population to hold It. It 1 ful arbitration Is the world's watchword, thon we shall be brought before th. bar of world opinion, atmrged with having failed to develop this vast country, whllo at the sume time refusing to allow the entry ot peoplo from countries struggling on the bor-.

der line of over-population. Does anyone wish tn seo Australia committed to future! warB because of a foreign policy ah. has hum In forming? Labour doai. It would allow Australia to take no part In dociding foreign policy, nnd the logloal out- enmo of this scheme which takes nrlvlla.a without sssumlng responsibility, Is that w. must break away frum tho British 1 On all theso matters tho Government stands linn.

Wo stand for tho malnt.nan.i. nt Australia ns a great self-governing Dominion of the British Umpire, for definite and adequate defenco commensurate wltb our means in cu-iiiiem 11011 wun ine urittso navy (and iv iiimuvo mni our proDi.m la primarily naval for san. Immigration, and for the right to hav a voto In determining foreign policy." PAKKNHAM UA8T, Thursday. Speaking at Garfield Mr.

Bruc. dealt with some of th. proposala fa Mr. Charlton's policy speeoh, Mr, Charlton, aald, proposed to establish a factory tor th. manufacture of agricultural and Mr.

Charlton evidently wanted them to think that they would obtain cheaper Implements. Ho (Mr. Bruce) did not b.llev. that th.y would. It had been found that Implement, manufactured by th.

Uov.rum.nt wer. not cheaper. Another of Mr. Charlton's aro-posals was to establish cool stores In London for Australian produce. Th ot cool stores In Londou.

or an. othor big oily In the United Kingdom, was, howevor, not necessary nor desirable. There waa nothing to commend the of cool stores tbere, and tbey would b. a great blundor. Australian producers, how- ever, had to have Improved marketing systems.

Th. Question th.v BLOOD TRANSFUSION. CALL FOR VOLUNTEERS. TARES, Thursday. Following streral deaths from hsmorr.

hag. at th. Tars. District Hospital, th. medical officers recommended the committee to advertise f- volunteers for blood transfusion when required.

The commute, did so, offerjng 11 for eaob transfusion, Five msn. Including the secretary of 4he hospital, offered to be available when required. A better raipouse was expected. iy: preferred th. Government war of orgaaialaf -1 at Ibms, (MUss-stssst, Mia! ibtUi.

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