The Sydney Morning Herald from Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on July 26, 1832 · Page 2
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The Sydney Morning Herald from Sydney, New South Wales, Australia · Page 2

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Thursday, July 26, 1832
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message from die House, of Coniunonr by Lord j by her that thai barque Caroline, 380 tons, Captain . - shipping intelligence: ARRIVALS. h; f-: . ,4 From the Hawkesbury, the steamer - William the Fourth, Captain Taggart. Front London via Hobart Town, Km Tuesday last, having left tlie former port on the 8th of Feb. and the latter the 15th instant, the barqoe Rubicon, 304 tons, Captain Daniel, with a general cargo of merchandize, Passengers, Mrs. Jb. licll, Master .T..hn Hi.ll. At,..., DuM Roll. Mla M.rrrnrp, r Bull, Mr. N. Baylcy, Mrs. Ann Woods, James Woods, Mrs; Cookncy, Miss Emms Cookney, Lewis Leon, Isaac Williamson, James Urquart, liobert Millar, and James Antrobus. ' From Launoeston, yesterday, having left that port on the 3rd instant, the schooner Farewell, Captain MacdonaM, with 880 bushels of wheat. Passengers, Hector Macdoaald, and Mary .Thorn. Front Launccston, yesterday, which port she left on the 18th instant, the barque Nereui, 185 tons, Captain James, with a cargo of wheat. Passengers, Mr, William Smith, Mr. Cox, Mr. and Mrs. Hill, and Mary 8mith. - From London direct, yesterday, having left the 1st of April, the ship 'Elisabeth, Captain John Carrie, with a general cargo. Passengers, Mr. . William Evans, Airs. G. W. Evans, John Evans George Evans, Miss Jane Evans, Miss Isabella Evans, Miss Louisa Evans, Mrs. Mary Anderson, Richard Anderson, Joshua Rorson, John Wilson Grayson, John Former, James l'uacock, Elizabeth Mofgon, Mr. R. Morgon, and Mary Ann Morgon. DEPARTURES. For Newcastle, the steamers William, the Fourth and Sophia Jane, For Manilla, on Sunday last, the brig Aim Jamison, Captain Alexander, in ballast. For Newcastle, same day, the schooner Currency Lass, Captain Wishart. For Madras, this morning, the ship John, 464 tons. Captain Lowe, having on board 8 officers, 108 non-commissioned officers and privates, 12 women, and 23 children, attached to the 39th Regiment. For the same place, same day, the ship Rurrell, 402 tons Captain Metcalf, with 8 officers 140 non-commissioned officers and privates, 14 women, and 30 children, belonging to the 30th Regiment. For the same place, same time, the ship South-worth, 350 tons Captain Coombs with 7 officers 122 non-commissioned officers and privates 13 women, and 30 children, of the 30th Regiment. For Batevia, same day, the barque Ceylon, Captain Davison, with merchandize. No passengers. For the Mauritius same time, the schooner Nimbi. TQit ,nn. r'. .;., nwi iw.f .....1 bricks. Passengers Mrs. Broad, and Miss Kelly. For the. Mauritius, name day, the brig Agnes, 272 tons Captain Milium. Passenger, Mr. Dc Villiers. BXAXbT, ' Memoranda for the present week. SU5J" rHIfth Tide. July. rites sett ill t St. Anne. 27 " FJ Battle of TOavera, IflOD. 88 I S i Cowlcy Med, 111(17." morn even. fl 97 I 5 3 8 '(T(l7Ti!l 6 SHI "4 '8 34 8 M I fl 30 ) iltllS 0th SumlayaitCT Trinity, t (I HI 5 4 I) IS 0.17 ail M I Ilatt. of Polotsk, 1811. T S I I 10 0 10 20 31 T il. Savant- rf. I74S. I (1 M I 5 fl I I in 33 10 48 Ausu,i. I W Lamina, Day. H 42 5 8 11 II II 27 New Mnon, 27lh day, midnight. Weekly Meteorologioal Table, The WRATH ER and variatlonanriheTIIERMOMF.TKR, luring the past week, in Sydney, at 6 in the morning, at nniiti, and at 6 o'clock In the evening. cipled toxpay their just debtf in a Court of Justice, when they refuse to pay tltem in a more honorable manner,' '' ' j ' '--i There is another point in this proposed Bill,' that will be highly injurious, if it passes into a law. It is said that every man must be sued in the district, in which he resides. Every ' one . knows, 'that, by far the greater proportion of settlers, procure all. articles of comfort ' anil ' luxury- in Sydney ; and every one knows, that , in this mutable Country, a man may' be in Sydney when goods are obtained, and in Argyle when they are consumed. Is it reasonable that a person shall travel 100 miles-to prosecute a debt - of ten- pounds, or perhaps of as many dollars, when the debt is justly due, and when he is kept out of his money by the avarice, the fraud, or the ' poverty of his debtor. We had understood that the debtor is bound to tender payment at the residence of the creditor. ; A man will seldom find it a profitable, speculation- to prosecute in the interior, for articles to the amount of 10, procured in Sydney. The amount of expense will swallow up principal and profit... It will be more for his advantage to cancel the debt. In our opinion, if a man' will not pay ' till 'he is forced to it, he should be put to the expense and personal inconvenience of prosecution ; and if it shall be found that he has been unjustly made the subject of a vexatious prosecution, let the law award him the necessary reimbursement;. , There is another point, which our Correspondents have dwelt upon, and in which we coincide, that in the districts of the Hawkesbury, and in those at a distance from the seat of the Courts, the Commissioner should appoint Bailiffs and others to convey summonses, whose delivery should be held valid ; and that the utmost regularity and despatch should be exercised on. Court days, to prevent prosecutors from attending unnecessarily at great distances from their homes, and at heavy expense. Were it possible to hold deputy Courts, with Magistrates to give decisions, in some of the remoter parts of the Country, it would be attended with great advantages, leaving it optional to the parties to refer to the Commissioner when holding Courts in the nearest district, but subject to his final decisions. We are satisfied this procedure would be attended with benefit . to small settlers and workmen, who find it a matter of difficulty to travel 30 or 40 miles to a Court of Requests, with the prospect of a nonsuit from ignorance of the proceedings, or from that systematic perjury which prevails, more in this Court than in any other in the Territory. When upon this point, we strongly recommend to the Commissioner of the Courts of Requests, whose opinion will have much weight with the Council, to introduce some clause by which a stop may be put to the practice of perjury, or an adequate punishment provided for it. This Court is notorious for this crime, and no suitor is safe in prosecuting a man for his just debts. The system is regularly organized.' Oaths may be procured on any side or, subject for a dollar, and every artifice is employed to evade the truth, or screen the guilty. The law, on this point, should be severe, and imperative, and should leave' ample power to the discretion of the Commissioner. Wc admit that many interests are to be consulted, that much property is involved in the result, and a large portion of public, comfort and domestic peace, of justice and moral feeling, depend on the enactments of this Bill. We are aware that a difference of opinion exists on the subject submitted to the Council. In our view they should take the benefit of public discussion, and modify the measures, so as to meet the wishes of the people, who are not in general far wrong on points in which their pecuniary interests are involved. This Bill has not yet passed into a law, and will probably experience considerable modification before it is carried ; and as no party politics can be called into play, to influence its decisions, the Council may not be unwilling to listen to disinterested suggestions for its amendment. But to give every chance of correctness, and utility to a measure obviously fraught with the destinies of many individuals, in the lower ranks of life, we would suggest the propriety of publishing the Bill, before it passes its last stage, giving a reasonable space for receiving comments through the public Press, on its probable influence and tendency. . Such a step would secure general favorand. is certainly not more than the Colonists might expect, since they alone will be subject to its permanent sway. jftt any previous t!mc.; It is not wonderful,' therefore, it should require atoendment; being little .better than a thing of shreds, -and patches,' put together untler various Commissioners and Governors. The attempt to give facilities to suitors, and to extend its range, is commendable, but it is questionable how for the forthcoming Bill will meet with general approbation. It must be considerably modified by the addition of certain cluuses, to extend its range and influence before it becomes generally acceptable to. the community. The summary dispensation of justice, is an object, of vital importance in the interior. Litigation, it is well known, lias taken up her strong hold in our land ; and wherever she can be removed, the peace and prosperity of that part of the territory will be. augmented. ' This Bill therefore proposes to repeal all former Acts of Council, establishing or regulating this Court ; and to substitute other enact-' mcnts, with a view to simplify the practice, and extend its benefits to those portions of the territory where such Courts have not been held. The places where Courts arc to beheld, are Sydney, Parramatta, WindsoOCamp-bell Town, Buthurst, Bong .Bong, and Maitlund. The jurisdiction of the Court is to extend to debts, actions for debts, and rents, under 10, but not to extend to debts under ten pounds, being the disputed balance of unsettled accounts, originally exceeding that sum ; nor to gambling debts, debts due to innkeepers, or debts of three years standing, for which during that time no promise of payment has been made. Attorneys, Solicitors, and others, are not exempted from jurisdiction, and we suppose are not to be allowed to plead in this Court ; and finally while judgment may be executed in any part of the territory, defendants must be summoned in the district in which they reside. There are other minor points in the heads of the Bill to which we shall afterwards briefly advert. It appears that a creditor may sue a debtor for rent under ten pounds, provided the landlord has been in receipt of rent for twelve months. Why he should not be allowed to sue,, if lie has purchased the property, and comes in the place of the original proprietor, we are at a loss to discover. If one finds a yearly tenant in a house he has purchased, of which six or nine months is still unexpired, it appears unreasonable to prevent one from pursuing the tenant at the expiration of the Tease, for what may be termed the interest of his original outlay, while the tenant may pursue the new proprietor for repairs. We acknowledge our inability to distinguish between the claims of a landlord of twelve months standing, and one of only twelve hours. It is not the time that gives the right to sue. but the property, and it seems to us to be a distinction without a difference to recognise the claims of the landlord who enjoyed the property at the time of sale, and refuse that recognition to him to whom that property, and all the rights of the original owner have been transferred by bona Jide purchase. It seems also an unwarrantable restriction of the duties of the Court, that a man shall not be permitted to sue for a debt, forming the balance of an original account of larger amount: It might be expedient to exclude all accounts above 10, although we think the Court would work equally well were the maximum raised to 20, but it would simplify the laws of debtor and creditor, were sums of every kind under 10 recognisable by the Court, under whatever circumstances they may have been contracted, except for gambling debts. It is perhaps proper and prudent to restrain the temptation to inordinate indulgence, in spirituous liquors, by the fear of non-payment. But it appears to us that no feelings of justice will authorise the exclusion of a large body of licensed retailers from that protection which the law should furnish ; their licenses being a safeguard to their proper conduct, in the side of their commodities. If a merchant disposes of 100 puncheons of rum, he does on a huge scale, what the retail.-) docs on a small scale, when the latter disposes of a hundred drams If he refuses a certain portion of ardent spirits to his lodgers, or customers, he either forfeits their custom, on one hand, or complies, with the obvious risk of nonpayment, since the Court will not recognise his interests, while it protects those of the merchant. There are cases in which the swindler will trust to the deficiency, or omissions of legal enactments, to cover his fraud, and baffle his creditor. While the law of license says, you must provide good and wholesortie beverage for the thirsty, and must bring it forth, under a penalty if it is denied, the law of this Court says, you are without redress if such a mar. imposes upon you, and must look neither for a return of property, nor payment, if he feels inclined to withhold it. Every one must know that means will be taken to evade such a law, that it will be a source of continual annoyance, and of numberless grievances. It were better at once to recognise the propriety of prosecution for debts of this description, and thus subject the toper to the summary punishment of a consumptive purse, rather than establish an exclusive principle in law, founded on false theory, for the protection of the drunkard, and injury of the honest trader. The publican's liquor is his stock in trade, for lilierty to sell which he pays henvily for a license, and why should this stock in trade be exposed to the ravages of spoliation by legal enactment ? The mural character of the community may be injured by the excessive use of spirituous liquors, but it suffers no injury by forcing the unprin Jonn tuusell, and others, decUring, that us Com; mons had passed a bill, entitled ' An Act toaiocxtd the representation' of the people of England and Wales,', and desiring the concurrence of the House in passing that Act." - On the motion of Earl Grey the bill was read a. first time, and ordered to be printed. Cholera has appeared at Paris in a crowded part of the City. A large squadron of six ships of the line,' six frigates, and eighteen smaller vessels, is preparing at Toulon, Marseilles is much agitated. The Prussian Government is strenuously exerting itself to prevent the liberty of the press from extending. , Shocks of earthquakes have been felt at Verona, Mod ens, Parma, Genoa, and Turin. The Austrian troops have passed through Tuscany, and aa army of French troops have invaded Italy. - ... House of Commons, March 24. Mr..- Hume presented a petition from Robert Jones, of Liverpool, stating that the late fast had done great injury to the working classes, and hoping, that no more fasts may be impoaeu. ' ' March 23. A majority of 355 voted for the .third reading of the Kefurni Bill in the Commons. March 24 It is said that Ministers calculate that an addition of 20 Peers will be a sufficient number to carry the Reform Bill through Uie Lords. ..Emigration to Canada, Six large ships are on" the point of. sailing from the port of London with emigrant to Canada. .. . . The following ships, chartered ta convey -emigrants by the Karl of Egremont, . from his estates in Sussex, will sail in'company from Portsmouth on the 10th of April : Lord Melville, 700 tons burden ; Eveline, 520 tons ; The England, 550 tons. Insurrection at Naples, and bloody conflict between the soldiers and the people. We have- received,' by extraordinary express, - the important intelligence of an insurrection at Naples and of a sanguinary conflict, which followed between the troops and the people Standard. Sankrupts, March 24.'- Kir George ' Duckctt, bart. ; Sir Fj-ancis Bernard Morlund, bart. ; anil Thomas Tyrinirlmtn Bernard," . Pall Mall, bankers, April 5. May 4, at the Court of Bankruptcy, BosinghalUstrcct, Solicitor Mr. Briggs, Lincoln's Inn-fields. Oils. 101 tuns of Southern oil sold this afternoon ( Friday, March 23), at 28 to 29 ; 81 casks cocoa nut oil, 33s. (id. Cholera, London, March 31 Total cases 16G8; deaths 872 ; remaining, 227 ; recoveries, 226. : 1 he decease was decreasing, we are happy to say, throughout England. Earl Mulgrave has been appointed Governor of Jamaica. General Morillo died on the 17th of March. The Kev. Daniel Wilson is appointed Bishop of Calcutta. Mr. Richard Lander is to depart on another expedition of discovery to Africa in June. Earl Grey was in a very declining state of health, and it was feared would not be able to conduct the Reform Bill. The French navy is fixed at 40 ships of the line, 50 frigates, and several lighter vessels. By the official return of the 2Gth March, there had been a total of G927 cases of Cholera in England, of which 2232 had died. N The Island of Trinidad is in n dreadful state of excitement all the white people, particularly women and children, were embarked on board various ships, fearful of an explosion. Emigration to the Canadas, to a great extent, was going on ; many Ships of the first class hod sailed, filled with passengers, particularly from Scotland. Sporting. A Mr. Bolton, of Horncastle, undertook to drag a Cart (no .very light one) a distance of 21 miles, within 12 hours, and performed the Herculean task in 9 hours 40 minutes, 1iis weight was 9k stone : a thing unprecedented in the annals of sporting. An ex officio information has been instituted against the Mayor and Corporation of Bristol, for their conduct during the late riots. Prices of Stock, March 27. Consols, 83 J ; new 3h per cent, annuities, 90J ; India bonds, 1 2 (lis. Exchequer bills, 9 10 pm. Foreign. Brazilian, 4o; Chilian, 16; Danish, 67 ; Greek, 28J-; Peruvian, 10 ; Spanish, l.'lj. Shares Real del Monte 14 j St. Katherine Docks, 110. - The operation of the Bill for the abolishment of imprisonment for debt in the state of New York having fully satisfied all parties that the interests of commerce have not been affected by it, a Bill to extend the measure over the whole Union has been reported in the House of Representatives, and was under the consideration ofa Committee of the whole House. What a commentary does this important legal reform afford upon the crowded state of bur numerous debtor's prison ! In consequence of the Bill introduced into Parliament by Sir James Graham, for regulating the buisncss of the civil departments of the Navy, the following gentlemen retire from office: From the Navy Office, Commissioners Middleton, Thomson, and Seppings, and Mr. Secretary Smith. From the Victualling Board.-r-the Hon. Major 'General Stapylton, Commissioner Edgecumbe, and Mr. Secretary Clifton. We have the pleasure to announce, that Captain King, R. N. (son of Governor King), may shortly he expected in this Colony. His mother and family will accompany him. The date of their departure from England, was fixed for the 1 5th of April, from the port! Plymouth. - ' ! . The King's levee on the 22d of Feb. was mast numerously attended. Among the' presentations were Mr. Baron Gurney on his promotion, Capt. Irving and Lieut. Faunce of the 4th, and Lieut. Col. Hartley, of the 57th, on his return from New South Wales. After the levee there was an investiture of the Bath. . Shipping. The Waterloo, . Goldsmith, sailed from Liverpool on the 28th March, for New South Wall Portsmouth, March 22. Put back' the Lady Harewood, Stonchouse, for New South Wales. . , The Florentia, Captain Deloitte, sailed for this Colony the same day as the Elizabcilt. The Nancy, Captain Wright, was to have sailed immediately after the Florentia, for Sydney direct. The Princess Royal, Ctptain Joseph Griinwood, was advertised to leave London on the 10th April, for Sydney, New South Wales. Arrived off Margate, March 21st, the Palambam, Wells, from New South Wales. The Red Rover, Christie, for New South Wales, was at Deal on the 21st March. Portsmouth. Passed, the Dunvegan Castle, Dunn, from Mauritius. . KOBAUT XOWS By the arrival of the Rubicon we have received our files of Van Diemen's Land Newspapers to the 13th of .July, from which we extract the following : - By the arrival of the schooner Friendship, at Launccston, from the Mauritius, laden with sugar, we learn that Port Louis offers every prospect of becoming a good market for the wheat of this Colony, at about 8s. per bushel, as several cargoes might hare been sold at that place when the Friend-fflip-left. June 23. The barque Ware returned to port. We are trul- happy to announce the return of the Caroline whaler, Captain Smith, from this port, after an absence of 14 months. ' She brings 1150 barrels, or 100 imperial tons of sperm oil. Passenger, Mr. Corbett, from New Zealand, Wt learn Tregurthai or this port, out four months, had already caught 350 barrels of whale oil. The following vessekfewere at New Zealand when the Carolina ' sailed; via, the barque Porcupine, cutters Fairy and Lord Liverpool. The Marianne, from Sydney, has a cargo of wine, butter, beef, horses, &c Passeogers, Mr. Turn-bull, Mr. Young, Mr. Sinclair, Mr. and Mrs. Cor-rel, and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Flack, and three children, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Carroll, Mr. and 'Mrs. Lazarus, and two children, Mr. and Mrs. M'Mullen, Messrs. A. Hamilton, J. Kugh, James Crose, Joseph Bradshaw, M. O'Hara, R. Harris, John Thomas, George Wilson, James Durgon, and Mary Smith. .-.. Hobast Town Paicxs or GaaiN Oats, 5s. per bushel ; English barley is plentiful at 6s..6d. per bushel ; Cape ditto at 5a. per bushel ; Sydney nuixe, of which an abundant supply has lately arrived, 5a. per busheL It is with sincere regret, that we have this week, the pain to record, the death of our much esteemed friend, William Thomson, Esq. artist of Hohart-town. He died suddenly on Friday evenuig the 29th ultimo, at the early age of 31 years, to the universal regret of all who knew him. There is.no variation in the nriees nf colonial nrn. ' duce since our last, with the exception of wheat, which has on the average suffered a depression of about 3d. a bushel, the best samples now selling for not more than 5s. 6d. The cause of this may in a measure be attributed to the chief buyers and corn holders having Jully supplied thcii" wants, and the demand being in so far limited. caps snrs, : By the Sophia- we have received the South African Advertiser to the 9th of May, from which we make the following extracts : Arrivals. From the Mauritius, on the 15th of ill ay, the barque Leda, G. Kobb. Cargo, sugar. Passengers, Mrs. Lebrun, and two children ; Miss Saunders, and Mr. Hawkins. From the Mauritius, on thb 21st April, the ship Margaret, J. Biddle. Cargo, sugars. Passengers, Col. Ferris; Lieut. Fadcn; Messrs. Pericr, Bet-tington, Barry, Malliae, & Googes ; Dr. Stevenson ; Master Perier, two children, and five servants. Arrivals in Simon's Bat. April 26th. II. M. S. Isis, Polkinghorne, Esq. from Spithead Dec. 25, Fernando Po. Feb. 23, and Ascension March 2H, to Simon's bay, bearing the flag of Rear Admiral F. Warren. passengers the family of the Admiral. On . the Evening of the 1st of May, about R o'clock, signal guns of distress were fired in the direction of Green Point, and it was soon ascertained that the Sesostris, Captain Liddcll, from Madras to England, had struck on the reef near the Manille Point. The Port Captain promptly proceeded with his boats to render assistance, and several boats from Cape Town and vessels in the bay soon followed. A bower anchor and cable having been laid out,' the ship was hove otf'soon after 1 1 o'clock, having sustained but trifling injury. She will immediately proceed on her voyage. Married, on the 15th May, under Special Licence, by the Rev. G. Hocuh, Colonial Chaplain at the Cape of Good Hope, Major Julius George Gnirrmf, of the Regiment of Bombay Artillery, and Principal Commissary of Ordnance, at that Presidency, to Frances Eleanor Williams, widow of Lieut. Col. John Williams, of H. M. Queen's Royals, or 2nd Regiment of Foot, and daughter of Matthew Cowpzr, Esq., of Exeter, Devon. . Died, on the 24th April, Johanna Christina Bird, wife of C. Bird, Esq., formerly Secretary to this Government, aged 50 years, 6 months, and 10 days. tfractatinarf at the tsMatibt Crjuncil. Minute of His Excellency the Governor, laid before the Legislative Council, 10th July, 1832.' In bringing beloie Council an application frmn the Deputy Cuiitnittaary General, lor payment mlo the Military Chest, of the sum of 3 IB9t lot. lOil., bring-the amount of certain expenses incurred by His !Ha. jrity's Trratury, on account of the Works by which it is pinpoherl tn supply Sydney with Water, it will be convenient to take this opportunity of explaining in what way this demand upon the Colonial Treasury, and others from the s.ime sonrce, to a large amount, have accrued. ,ln the year 1BS7, the Seeretary of State for the Co. Ionics, directed a separation to be marie nf those items nf expenditure which should be paid out of the re. venues ol the Colony, from those which. should be defrayed by the Briti.-li Treasury. In this arrangement eveiy charge wa placed upon the Colonial levenue, which could In any way be considered at belonging to the Civil Inttitutinns nf the Co'ony, with the exception of the Police and Oaol ettabll.hmenui. In support of the -former of these, the Council hat since voted the annual rroelpt-for Licentes tc retail &pimt, which in the latt year urtled o'.ASO. The arrangement directed by the Secretary nf State took effect from the 1st Janoaiy, I8:&; and teveral Go. vernment Ciders were Issued from time tn lime, ap. pointing the modes by which distinct account weie-to he kept ol Colonial, Military, and Convict eapendi. ture. In order that each might be defrayed fiom lit pi o per fund. Supplies, howevpr in kind, continued as fnr mei ly to he received through the Commissariat by the Department of Public Works, and other Colonial es. lahlithnieuls, and those tupplles intended at first- fur Colonial purpntet, were not pnld for at the time they were received, nor always eaelusivety npplird according to the original Intention. Hi-nce there hat arisen a laige demand on the Colonial Treasury for Stores delivered hy the Commissariat, at well as a compltca. tlon of account occasioned by their indistinct appro, priatinn. No regular tlatement of claims on the Colo, nial Treasury on account of Stores was furnished hy the 'Commissariat between the ltl of January, 182s, and.lhe.sial ol December, 1831. in consequence or the nonpayment for supplies on delivery, and the deh,y of the Commissariat In bring.' ing forward ihelr.claims, there has accumulated In the Colonial Treasury, during the. last 4 years a balance, which, as hat been shown in an abstract laid before: Council and printed, amounted, the Slttnf Decern--ber last, to the turn of 36,5B4. 16s. 4gd. No part of this balance has been appropriated to the expenses of the current year; It was . reserved as a fund, from which to discharge the debt of the Colony, or as moch of the debt as it will cover, whenever the Recounts thnuid be furnished by the ConMrnitsariat- This has now been partly done by the production of Cnm-mlstariat Claims lor the year. ISEO,. amounting to. la.eeof. 3s. ojd. These accounts are now with the Auditor General for examination, and 11 Is propoed to lay them before Council, when his audit shall be completed. Ol the balanra amnnnllnrr lis .1A JK1I lit Jl,l.. ,1... snnt derived from . the Crown .' Lands, amounts to UG02,i5. 8d., leaving 81,988. lot. 8,'L, derived from Revenues, which are to be appropriated by the Governor, acting with the. advice and consent of the Le. gi-lative Council. It will tuerefi.-re be for Council to examine the account now presented, and such otber accoonts at shall be brought before them, and to dis. eharge such claims as shall be properly authenticated and vouched to the extent of the balance in the Colonial Treasury from the 31st of December last. It Is right, however, to add. that it teems probable the Commissariat claims will exceed the balance. No addition of Debt to the Commissariat will take place In tint year. The expenditure of the Colonial Depart incuts Is limited by the Appropriation Aet, and there are sufficient groondt far believing, that the Revenue will fully meet the charge. (Signed) RICHARD BOURKE. OBSKHVAriONS or THB agricultural and horticultural , SOC1ETT ON THE SHEEP BILL. Pursuant to a request from Hit Excellency the Go. vcinor, that the Agiicullural Society should take Into consideration and deliver their opinion on the subject ef a Bill laid belore the Legislative Council, ror the cure and prevention of the Scab in Sharp, several meetings of that toiiety were held, and at the final one. which took place In Sydney, on the 14th June, 183, when such lepoitsas.had been received from the branch Committees appointed lor that purpose having been lend and cullated, and the whole subject havuif been lully considered and deliberated on, It was-Hesolved, , 1st. Tnal the society beg respectfully, bnt distinctly to express their dissent from the Dralt of the Bill-as laid before the Lcgndative Council, considering that It Would be lonnd ruinously severe in Its operation, and th.t several of Hi provisions are very unsuitable lo this Colony. nil. That as It appears to be the opinion of Ilia Moil. Tuen. Wed. Thurr.. Friday Hal. aun. 0 it. in. 6 a, in. ft a. m. (I A.m. 0 a, in. 6 a. in. 8 a. m. fine Cloudy R.nny Cool Cloudy Clear Fine 4R 48 ' 90 48 SO 47 19 wsw www ssw w w le noon IS noon le rirniri 12 non 12 noon Wnoon le noon Windy tatiiy Rainy Knlny Cloudy Cool Cloudy 94 92 92 55 56 9 50 S SSB S 8 S8W W NW 6 p. m. ft p. m, 5 p. in fi p. m 'I p. m. fl p, m. o p. m. Mild Rainy llainy Cloud Cloudy Clear Clnudy .52 5i 50 M 52 51 91 Ssw S SSE Calm W Calm WNW Mean Temperature, 51. NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. " C. Ds." Communication has been received, . " 1). F. L." au'M be inserted. " Justitia." is inadmissible, ' X. Y." will be attended to. " A LrrrKti" from Port Macquarrie will be published as satin as possible. " Ohskhvf.r" wiW be inserted. ' TlfK Review" fa Untler consideration. Verses on the ere of a Departure for New South lloiw" tr-i1 shortly appear. Several other communications have been received, and will be acknowledged speedily. The Sydney Herald. THURSDAY, JULY 20, 1832. 11 Sworn in no Master, of no Sect am I.' The Legislative Council have a Bill under consitlerutioii, at present, of more than usual importance to debtors and creditors, and which will justify us in turning the attention of our renders to the subject. Acts of Council, it is known, passed sub silentio, have the force of law ; and it is therefore an act of liberality to publish the heads of such Hills for general information. The i'ress is. more influential in diffusing a knowledge of such Acts amongst the generality of persons, than the Council itself ; and thus becomes the best substitute we enjoy, for the representative system, in which the community has virtually the power of imposing taxes, authorising the expenditure of its revenue, and making those laws to which the community is subject. We feel considerable hesitation therefore In animadverting on Acts of Council, except when it is obvious, that a misdirected or mistaken view in theory or practice bus been adopted by the framers, or supporters of the Hill. We suspect the present Bill is of this kind. It seems to be hastily got up, to be partial in its application, and oppressive in its details ; the Licensed spirit sellers and Victuallers have already called a meeting of their body to petition against it, and their petition has been ordered to lie on the Council table. The Bill in question is entitled " A Bill to regulate the practice in the Court of Requests in New South Wales." This Court has been much neglected for many years, having been made a resting place for supernumerary placemen, till Mr. Foster's ' arrival ; since which period it has assumed a more important station in our Law Courts, than The Elisabeth, Captain Currie, arrived last evening-, from London, the 1st of April, by which we have been favoured with papers to the 1st of April inclusive, and hasten to lay before our readers, the following ENGLISH NEWS. The Reform Bill passed the first rending in the House of Lords, on the 20th of March. The second reading was to take place on the 6th of April. House of Lords, March 26. At about a quarter past 5 o'clock, the' Deputy Usher of the Black Rod came to the bar of the House, and announced a message from the Commons. The space around the throne was completely filled with spectators, and a considerable number of members of Parliament, were already waiting below the bar, when Lord J. Russell bearing the bill, and accompanied by Lord A 1 thorp, advanced in front of a body of icalous reformers. About 120 Peers were in attendance at the time, of whom the majority were on the opposition benches, exclusive of the bishops, of whom 12, -rethink, were present. The Lord Chancellor proceeded to the bar with the usual formalities, received the bill from the hands of Lord J. Russell, and having returned to' the woolsack, snnssineed to their lordships "

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