The Age from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia on April 22, 1959 · Page 4
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The Age from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia · Page 4

Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 22, 1959
Page 4
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THE ACE, WEDNESDAY, APRIL' 22, S9 - Famous Tenor Dies, 80 WARNING TO SOVIET ON IMPERIALISM Sir W. Churchill Tells Constituents 'From A. A. P. -Reuters. LONDON, April 2 li Sir Winston Churchill tonight warned the Soviet that the West could not contemplate a further increase in the number of countries , and peoples Russia so tyrannically controlled. , The Western allies, he added, could not abandon West Germany or the people of Berlin. -it J?v 1 . Edward Johnson . ' GUELPH (Ontario), April 21. World-famous opera tenor Edward Johnson, who carried on In the traditions o f h 1 s friends Caruso and' McCormack, and eventually directed New York's Metropolitan opera, died last nirht. Be was 80 years old. air. jonnson sunered coronary ihrnmhfMia In the foyer of the Guelnh Memorial Gar. dens, where the National Ballet of Canada m preparing to go on stage. A.A.F. Cheers for the Churchills U.S. Union Man Called "to Explain" WASHINGTON, April 21. Australian-born Ha;ry Bridges has been summoned to appear before the House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities today to explain some things he is reported to have said during a recent visit to Russia. The committee chairman. Mr. Francis Walter, said the committee was interested In statements made by Bridges while on a trip that took him to the Soviet Union, East Germany, Czechoslovakia and other countries in Januair and February of this year. Mr. James Davis told the House of Representatives last month that Bridges was quoted in a Moscow Interview as saying that labor unions in the V 8.8.R. were more democratic than many In the United States. Mr. Davis said Bridges male a similar comparison of elections in the United States and in Russia. The committee's plan to call Bridges, head of the International Longshoremen's ana Warehousemen's Union, stirred up reaction on the Pacific Coast. Sir Winston also ex pressed hopes of seeing a reunited uermany ana described the German problem as "compara-lively simple." The veteran statesman, addressing his constituents at Woodford, Essex, In his first public speech for nearly tw? years, ended his speecn oy announcing tnat, In his 85th vear. he would contest another general elec tion, . - , r - Sir Winston also referred to the international scene and rebutted a recent accu sation by the Soviet Prime Minister (Mr. Niklta Khrushchev) that he was the author of the cold war." Both Russia and Eng land," Sir Winston declared, "nave all to gain and nothing to lose from peace." Sir Winston said: "I see that Mr. Khrushchev in his recent speech at Leipzig referred to me as the author of the cold war. Pointed Out "I am certainly rrtsnnnsihle for pointing out to the free world In 1948, at Fulton, in America, the perils inherent In comnlacentlv nep.AnMnc the advance of Communist imperialism. "But apart from this my conscience Is clear. "It warn nn-. Rrltaln In 1939, so cynically compounded with Hitler, and later so greedily devoured tne half of helpless and hap ess Poland, while the Nazles took what was left. "It Is not Britain who has advanced her frontier, ab sorbing many sovereign peoples who had made fireat contributions to clvl ised history. Diminished "On the contrary. I sun. Pose we are the only nation who fought throughout the war against, uermany, ana who, far from receiving any reward have greatly diminished In our lenure on the suriace ol the globe. "But we are very willing i.u lurttei, oia scores. "I seek, and have always sought, nothing but peace with the Russians, Just as after the war I did my utmost to bring Germany back into the circle of the Euronean family. "Both Russia and Eneland nave an 10 gain ana. notn. Ing to lose from peace. "The Soviets hope that the doctrines of Karl Marx may eventually prevail. Hope "We, on our side, trust and believe that as the mild and ameliorating Influence of prosperity begins at last to uplift the Communist world, so they will be. more inclined to live at ease with their neighbors. "This is our hope. "We must not be rigid in our expression of it We must make allowances for Justifiable Russian fears. We must be patient and firm." He said: "We have all followed with admiration and 7 . SUBURBAN '( STATIONS CAN I Violinist Could Not Wait for Fame LONDON, April 21 The impulsive temperament of Sydney-born violinist Anthony Cainsford drove him to suicide, a Coroner's court was told at St. Pancras yesterday. .' London Philharmonlo Orchestra and between 1946 and 1949 played with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra frequently. on other occasions he gave solo performances including recitals at London's Wlgmore Hall. But last summer, the coroner was told. Galnsford was reduced to appearing at open air concerts in public hope the tireless efforts of Mr. Macmillan, so - ably seconded by the Foreign Secretary, In his Journeys to Moscow and '.o the capitals of our principal allies. "It Is, of course, too early to be sure of the final achievement, but already the date of May 27, when the Russians said that they would hand over their responsibilities to the East Germans, has lost something of its threatening character. ....... Moved "I think that we have moved both from the position in which we either had . to sacrifice our rights and the position of the free world in' Berlin, or face the possibility of military action. It is unnecessary for the Soviet leaders to assure us that the use of armed force In Berlin would inevitably unleash a general conflict. We are well aware of this. "We are well aware, too, that there Is no chance of the world being spared the use of nuclear weapons if war came. "The German nroblem un. der consideration Is, in itself, a comparatively simple one. I hope. II possible, to: see a reunited Germany." Terms Sir Winston continued: "The terms of iiniflcatinn should be such that the true win or tne uerman people is expressed and that the country does not fall under the domination of the Soviets. "We In the West know that our Intentions to Rus sia and the satellites are peaceful. We would never seek to make use of Germany as an offensive base agnnst tnem. "But with the background of the last war Russian tears of a resurgent Germany are reasonable, even if they are not Justified. We must taae account or tnem. : - MMMMVMMMWflRPIMWIWIMIMfHNaSflMMMWMttnt ? ' f ' . SIR WINSTON and Lady Churchill acknowledge the cheers from his constituents at Woodford, Essex. In his first public speech in almost two years Sir Winston Churchill said he would contest another general election. (Associated Press radiogram.) Galnsford. 51, was found aeaa in a gas-nued room of his furnished apartment at Bristol Gardens, Padding- ton, over me weex ena The court was tnlrt that Galnsford left Sydney as a oy 10 seen musical lame in Ljonaon. He appeared with the first violin section of the BOOK YOU FROM MELBOURNE TO ANY COUNTRY STATION Inc. Albury made, too, and sleeping berths booked on the Mlldura train. Booking- houn: 9 a.m. to 7.10 p.m., Mon to Frl.j i.m. to 1 p.m. Sit. THERE'S NO DRIVING (TRAIN WHEN YOU TRAVEL BY TRAIN 18? -rr ::.-.( V II parks halls. I IHD UNIEARAILI PAINS OF I RSWtism i .ivuuru.jn. ii 11 vau want m arnn ef Rhtumitiim, NturltU, Fibre. Idj, Lumbago, Sciatic, atk your wiitfntM tor Lntigan the mod am oral vaccine which not onlv relieves pain and Inflammation but Icaapa them away, uatrt My, . omatiraM for vaara. Lantigan attacks tha gam which can caua rheumatic condition,, nautraiiM tnair potion and ftaipa thVarat,m bu.U VP "ttnct agalnit tham. At tha In flam (nation la reduced pain aaaaa, walling goaa, freedom ol movement return. You aleep batter, and feal better ell wave Coeta onlv a few pane per day. Teited by thousand. Proved ucWuJ where .11 .!. failed. SAFlNo InfalioM ww iw ivwr nBiTiii ruR . Atk YOUf rhimiH in a ttmm IjtmHma tmai mntm Mlnburgh Ubcrmioritt (A tut rait) Fty. Ltd., 103 York St Sydnty trr o mwuon bnwts of I.mtigtn told an ovtt tht worttt. and suburban town "Brilliant" I . , VUIMUIWU iimifieij wioi nis arusuc aoillty had declined and became mor- uiui.y aepresseo After the court proceedings, the dead man's lifelong , friend. 66-year-old Mrs. John Drinkwater, widow of the poet and dramatist, described Galnsford as "a brilliant musician." "He still haa plenty of opportunities," she added, "but all through his life he was wild and impatient. "He used to earn big money but spent It all largely on helping fellow musicians who were down and out." Police are trying to trace Galnsford 's relatives to dispose of a tew of the 'dead man's belongings, Including the violin he prized all his life. "The Age". Co-respondent Realise "The Soviets on their side must realise that we cannot contemplate a further In crease In the number of countries and peoples they so tyrannically control. ' "West Germany is our ally In NATO. We cannot abandon her. Berlin re' cently showed with an overwhelmfrg vote where her sympathies lie. We cannot abandon the Berlin people either. "On basic issues we are as one. "But 1 wi l say that I should like to see the Western allies Bhew more sym-oathy for each others' problems. Clearly, to achieve our purposes In our talks with the Soviets we must be united and strong." Praise for Field Marshal LONDON, Apr. 21. Field-Marshal Lord Mont gomery won praise in Moscow today for his initiative in manning a trln to the Soviet capital. According to American Associated Press,, the Soviet writers' newspaDer. "Liter ary Oazette, ' said in a com ment on Britain's policy that It "approves of the newly retired NATO chief's itiative in urging a i senlng of tension in con nection witn nis lortncqm-lng visit to Russia." A.A.P. WORLD NEWS IN BRIEF Americans Are World's Most TV-minded . RADNOR, (Pennsylvania), April 21. About 51 million of the world's 78 million television sets are in the United States, "Television Factbook" reported today. A survey by the semiannual publica 1 1 o n showed that there are now 1119 television stations around the globe, 548 of them In the United States. Oil Centre LONDON, Work on Britain's first oil storage and distribution centre, to he supplied entirely by pipe line, was started at Partington, near Manchester, yesterday. The Installation, to cost 2,250,000 sterling, will receive oil from the Shell Company's refinery at Stanlow, Cheshire, by two 23-mile pipe lines. Child Artist : LONDON. An exhibition of paintings by children aged from five to IS, Talks for U.N. Chief Mr. Herter NEW YORK, April 21. The United Nations Secretary-General (Mr. Dag Hammarskjoeld) will discuss the Berlin situation this week with the new United States Secretary of State (Mr. Christian Herter). 99 "She is Innocent Dancer's Mother LONDON, April 21. Dame Margot Fonteyn's mother, Mrs. Hilda Hook-ham, told the "Star" newspaper today she believed her ; daughter was in-nocent of charges by Panamanian authorities. She believed her daughter had given herself up to hem her husband. Dr Raberto Arias, former Pan amanian Ambassador to London. Mrs. Hookham. anxiously awaiung news 01 ner aaugn-ter, said this was the second time her daughter and her husband had been accused of this sort ol thing. She said of the allegations that Dame Margot had been Involved In at- Sturdy. Hygienic, attractive contemporary, quality -at onlv 30 each. Packed and freighted free Payable by money order postal note or cheque. Write or wire Marshall Enterprises, Elmnre St., Norlane. Oeelong Vie. tempting to salvage rebel arms: ''I am sure that sort of Idea never entered her head. ' "The trouble is that the Aliases and revolution go Mjgemer.' Involved Mrs. Hookham continued "Tito (Dr, Alias's nick. name) has an uncle who was once involved in' one and so was he In his younger days. "I don't think President De La Ouardia likes the Arias family and that Is at the back of It." Asked about reports that Dame Margot had spoken to her on the' telephone yesterday, Mrs. Hookham said: "If she did call. It did not reach me." A.A.P. Assurance Cch's Plan Merger LONDON, April 21. Two big British assurance companies with total asset of over 275 million stg. today announced plans for a merger subject to the the approval oi snarenoiders. They are the Commercial union Assurance Company whose assets total over 168 million stff. and the North British and Mer-cantlle Insurance Company with assets of 118 million stg. A.A.P.-Reut. J . . . . ;!. . The talks are exnenteri tn lane piace in Washington either on Thursday nr Prl. day. shortly after Mr. Herter Is confirmed In his new omce. The Berlin problem Is tn- pected to be the principal issue, to be discussed be tween the two men. According to reliable sources. Mr. Hammaraktoeld believes that an agreement on Berlin will probably not be reached until a summit meeting, and the United Nations should then authorise a - presence" in West Berlin as a symbol of the agree ment reached by the Big Last week, Mr. Hammarskjoeld said that the u.N. could play a very useful role" In the Berlin nego tiations, even if it was not representee- at the comer ence table. Agreement The "New York Times" correspondent reported from the United nations vesterdav that Mr. Hammarskloeld was In general agreement with a programme drafted by some Western Powers at me u.n. last week. This Included new agreements to complement the existing agreements assuring the access of the Western Powers to West Berlin, Under the plan, Mr. Hammarskloeld would sent un armed United Nations con tingents similar ti the observation sroun that h sent to Lebanon to West Berlin and the approaches to the city in East uermany. Additionally, the Western Powers would maintain their garrisons In West Ber- Talks for Mayor Brandt LONDON, Apr. 21. The governini mavnr nf West Berlin, Herr Willi Brandt, was calling on the British Prime Minister (Mr, Macmillan) today to discuss the Berlin and German problems. He arrived yesterday on a rour-dav official visit and held similar consultations aith the British vwi an Secretary (Mr. Belwyn Lloyd). ' lln, and the new agreement would be accepted by both East Germany and West uermany. A.A.Jr. i. y t . i5f for Mr. Hammarskjoeld. from many countries, including Japan, Israel, Poland, Norway and Germany, opened yesterday In Manchester to draw attention to the work for needy children done by the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund. ll.X.F. Appeal LONDON. An appeal for the Royal Air Force Malcolm Clubs to meet deficiencies and acquire new equipment, was launched yesterday by Marshal of the Royal Air Force, Lord Tedder. The clubs are social welfare clubs for British air men overseas. Mr! Macmillan Supports U.S. H-Tests Plan 1 . LONDON A nr. 51 The British Prime Minis. ter (Mr. Macmillan) has written to the Soviet Prime Minister (Mr. Khrushchev). warmly supporting President UMcnV) hnTHDrl . nt-nvtAeal . fn an initial ban on nuclear tests up to 80 miles from me eartn. A Soviet spokesman lueiiuuDea mr. cisen. hower's letter at the East- West nuclear test ban talks yesterday, but later caused , confusion by lurrying to reporters to tell them he had made a mistake and wished to withdraw what he had said. Mr. ElsenhowA-'x lot.tor was omciauy revealed from Augusta, Georgia, last night, after the Geneva report Political sources in London saia it naa not been- intended to publish these personal messages to Mr. Khrushchev. But since the rresiaenrs letter became known, it was thouaht desirable to publish the fact that Mr. Macmillan had been associated with this new move. A.AtP.-Reuters. Success is Possible Without an Ulcer CHICAGO, April 21. American business executives heard some good news yesterday about some old enemies stress, ulcers and high blood pressure. '.'.;:: :. . . ,:i :-:,V . A Panel nf nhvalMon. fM them: : . Stress nf th' Wt. t, P'apues a businessman's day will probably not contribute to arteriosclerosis. Ulcers are not necessary to a. hlffh-nnwAnwl nv.. ure. - rnysicai work has no effect on blood pressure of more than "temporary Importance." f V These comfdrtlng words were uttered as the Ameri can College of Physiolans opened a meeting dedicated w uie care ana preservation of the American executive, attendnd hv-. m.n businessmen , ' Dr. Irvine H. Pnon ,,t Cleveland, said extreme stress might contribute to a sudden heart or brain clot, but not arteriosclerosis. He nrgcfl tne Businessmen: , "Increase the amount of regular exercise. Avoid excesses of all kinds but .".don't miss .anything." ; Dr. Sara M .Tnrrton nf Boston, said ulcers were not necessary u executives watched their diets, got proper rest and devoted some time w aiversion. A.A.P, De Witt's Nerve &PlnH Tablet i gl better sleep, I worry.frMdaysl Safe, I Tablet i gl worry.frae days! Sife, N O N . habit tormina confldence-bundlni. For chlL r.n, too. ac cn.muti, t't, DoVJitt'n MERVE ft PAIN TABLETS U S A, May lauflch Mice-lnto-Space R6ckef Nxf Month t. t A I vv From Australian Associated Press. , ASH I NGTON, April 21 .The United States plans to send mice intc space aboard a Discoverer satellite within a month. . The director of the Defence Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency (Mr. Roy W. Johnson) said last night that in th light of what he called "substantial success" in the first two Discoverer launchings, "we now plan to launch Discoverer III with a biomedical space traveller." Data gained 'from. the project would be ' "very useful to the man - in - space pro-. gramme," he said. . Mr. Johnson said that Discoverer n, launched on April 13, resulted in "truly fantastic success." "We were not onlv successful in the goal of being the first to stabilise a satellite in orbit," he said, "but also to eject the (space) capsule from an orbital space trajectory into the atmosphere and to return it to earth," . Search Goes On The capsule Is believed to have come down In the Spitsbergen Island group, north of Norway. Efforts are being made to recover Mr. ' Johnson warned, however, that there was no cause for eomplacency, adding: "The authors of the Soviet . space programme have soooped us once or twice, and can do it again and again, if we are not rapid in writing of space records." - 1 Other Projects Only a few hours earlier the director of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Dr. Keith Glennan) said the highest priority was being given by scientists to the. mice project. Mr. Johnson listed a number of projects aimed at development of satellites for military communications, navigation aid, weather observation and missile detection work. These included: . ' 0 Project Courier. "A network of instantaneously No Gold Medal for Mr. Dulles? NEW YORK, April 21. Strong Democratic opposition hat forced Washington leaders to postpone plans to give cancer-stricken John Foster. Dulles a special 2500-dol. gold medal in honor of his services as Secretary of 'State. .. . .. , .;; Prominent Democrats say that despite the outgoing secretary's poor health, they will not support the move unless two former Demo. rratic State Department heads are also given meaais. The former secretaries are General George Marsnaii and Mr. Dean Acheson, both of whom served under President Harry Truman. A Dulles-medal resolution was on the point of being nut' formally before - the Senate when Republican leaders learned of many Democrats' reelings. . Democrats made no effort to - conceal their belief that General Marshall and Mr. Acheson were just aa entitled to special oommendation from a grateful nation as Mr. Dulles. .... Chuckled In WASHINGTON today the Senate Republican leader. Senator Everett Dirksen. denied that the plan had been ..dropped, The matter is in the proposition stage," he said. Nevertheless . the former secretary heard . the news-rand chuckled over the poll ties of it all. ; So did. General Marshall, who is in the same hospital recovering from a stroke. Mr. Acheson, who Is still practising law to Washing ton, was unavailable for comment. : . ' Congress has only struck two such medals before. The first was for Dr. Jonas Salk, who developed the vaccine against poliomyelitis; the other, for Rear-Admiral Hyman Rlckover, the navy engineer responsible for the (atomic submarine. "The. Age" Correspondent, A Projeot files using nlques communicating satellites In 24-hour orbits, 23,300 miles above the earth, complemented by communications satellites in lower polar orbits to provide a global system." The Defence department hopes to have this final system in operation by about 1065. .. ...... , SI Project Transit. A space-ased navigation system for use In all. weather at all times, of particular value to combat aircraft and surface vessels. It would, for example, enable aircraft to determine their positions within four-tenths of a mile. Tiros. Satel-televislon t-h. to acauire weathxr data. Each satellite will carry three TV cameras, which will feed pictures Into separate magnetic tape recorders for playback to earth on command. One thousand pictures will be produced ' every 24 hours, each picture carrying its detail' In 500 television lines per millimetre. 0) Project Midae. An early warning ' system, employing satellites. "Through this pro. Ject we will develop greater insurance against surprise attack in ways impossible under our present early warning arrangement." Rocket; Engine N.A.S.A. officials earlier In the day told the House of Representatives space committee that a new single-chamber power plant, devel oping i,ouu,uuu pounds '. to give thrust, was exnected the VS. capability of landing aman on the moon and returning him safely to earth. 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