The Sydney Morning Herald from Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on September 30, 1991 · Page 10
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The Sydney Morning Herald from Sydney, New South Wales, Australia · Page 10

Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Issue Date:
Monday, September 30, 1991
Page 10
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1 0 The Sydney Morning Herald Monday, September 30, 1991 W(MW Mopes for Middle East ' conference rise MIDDLE EAST TONY WALKER HERALD CORRESPONDENT and agencies CAIRO, Sunday: The Palestinian "parliament", the Palestine National Council (PNC), has enhanced prospects for a Middle East peace conference in resolutions agreed to at the end of a spirited five-day session in Algiers. The PNC gave the Palestine Liberation Organisation a flexible mandate to sanction Palestinian participation in the proposed US-Soviet co-sponsored summit, but significant obstacles remain over representation. Israel, which signalled satisfaction with the Algiers declaration, insists it will not deal with the "terrorist" PLO. The PNC endorsed the PLO's right to form its delegation to the peace summit, from Palestinians living inside and outside territories occupied by Israel in the 1967 war, including East Jerusalem. Israel refuses to talk to Palestinians from East Jerusalem, saying this would call into question its control over the Arab sector, annexed after its capture in 1967. Israel regards a united Jerusalem as its eternal capital. In Algiers, the PLO chairman, Mr Arafat, said the "ball is now in the other court", referring to the role of the US, the Soviet Union, the United Nations, Israel and other participants in the planned summit 6 The ball is now in the other court. "We have extended our hands to peace," Mr Arafat declared. Asked if the PNC statement amounted to conditional agreement to attend the peace conference, Mr Arafat said: "We have the right to put our view and requests like other parties have done." Arab States, including Syria, Jordan, Egypt and Lebanon, have agreed to attend the summit. Israel has signalled conditional agreement to participate, provided the issue of Palestinian representation is resolved to its satisfaction. Washington is prodding the Palestinians to form a joint delegation with Jordan as a way around an Israeli veto. The PNC resolution called for peace on these terms. Implementation of UN resolutions calling for Israeli withdrawal from land occupied in the 1967 and 1973 wars. O Jerusalem be regarded as an integral part of the occupied' territories and that Jewish settlements in the territories be halted. The PLO should be entrusted with the right to form the Palestinian delegation at any conference. The PNC also outlined Palestinian long-term aims from any conference self-determination and independence, full Israeli with drawal, settlement of the Palestinian refugee problem and ultimate removal of Jewish settlements. , In an apparent gesture to Washington, praised for its peace efforts by Mr Arafat and other PLO leaders, the controversial Mr Mohammed Zaidan (Abul Abbas)' was obliged to step down from the organisation's executive committee. Mr Zaidan's tiny Palestine Liberation Front splinter group was responsible for a guerilla raid on a beach near Tel Aviv in May last year that led to the suspension of the US-PLO dialogue. The way may now be open for a resumption of direct contacts between Washington and the Tunis-based Palestinian leadership, although US officials will hesitate before taking steps that will further inflame right-wing opinion in Israel. In New York, the US Secretary of State, Mr Baker, welcomed a Palestinian declaration backing a Middle East peace conference, but said he was still not ready to issue invitations to the meeting. "We still have some things that I think have to be done to create a peace process in the Middle East," said Mr Baker, who is in New York for meetings on the fringes of the UN General Assembly. Arab States, including Egypt and Jordan, have welcomed the Palestinians Algiers declaration. Egypt's Minister of State for Foreign Relations, Mr Boutros Ghali, termed it "wise". 4 I f - , r-" ViX -;r c v iiiiiiiiiiiiiiito M-mmm&A-i : t ! , , . 1- f Yasser Arafat greets Abul Abbas after a meeting with the Palestine National Council. Picture by ASSOCIATED PRESS Saddam's hide-and-seek with UN inspectors takes to the air By PHILLIP MCCARTHY and TONY WALKER Herald Correspondents NEW YORK, Sunday: The next round in the war of nerves between Iraq and the United Nations over nuclear inspections will begin in the next few days when helicopter-borne inspectors begin searches in the country's western deserts. The dispute over helicopter flights triggered a series of standoffs between the Iraqis and inspectors, leading to last week's five-day siege in a Baghdad car park. The inspection team has indicated that Iraq's nuclear weapons program is much more advanced than previously believed. Mr David Kay, leader of the 44-member team which included two Australians, said that "for the first time we have an extensive insight into a number of areas of the Iraqi nuclear program that we have had only partial glimpses of in the past". The car park siege, which prompted the start of a new American build-up in Saudi Arabia, ended early yesterday when the inspectors moved to a hotel to continue cataloguing seized Iraqi documents, photographs and videos. Some of the seized material has already been ferried out of Iraq on UN aircraft. Early in the Gulf crisis, the US charged that Iraq may have been within 12 months of fashioning a nuclear "bomb". Records seized by Mr Kay and his team may well confirm those suspicions. Asked what new areas of the Iraqi nuclear program had been exposed by the seized material, Mr Kay said in Baghdad that it included the "inter-relationship between institutions", "procurement practices" and "the actual weapons development side of the program". Mr Kay said the team had been less than five hours into its surprise inspection of a Baghdad records office on Tuesday when Iraqi officials demanded that they stop. "It was like a closed door. We touched a vital nerve and it responded suddenly and angrily," said Mr Kay. Mr Kay said he and his inspec tors would be on the road again this week "conducting a number of inspections in Baghdad". Mr Kay and an unspecified number of the other 26 Americans on the team were accused by the Iraqis of being American intelligence operatives seeking personnel data about Iraqi scientists so they could be assassinated. In an address to the UN General Assembly at the weekend, Iraqi Foreign Minister, Mr Ahmed Hussein, said Mr Kay was a troublemaker and other UN inspection teams had completed their tasks in Iraq without incident. But this week Mr Kay and his team will not be the only UN inspectors scouring the Iraqi countryside for more evidence of Iraq's nuclear development program. The head of the UN Special Commission for dismantling Iraq's weapons of mass destruction, Dr Rolf Ekeus, said that an aerial inspection team now in Bahrain would begin work in Iraq "rather soon". In its letter guaranteeing the flights freedom of the skies in Iraq, the Iraqis said certain "modalities" for the operation would need to be negotiated. UN officials feared that this might be another delaying tactic in what the White House last week characterised as Baghdad's "cheat and retreat" approach. Dr Ekeus, a Swedish diplomat with ambassadorial status, told a press conference: "My hunch is that the Iraqi enrichment program has stopped. I think that the development of nuclear materials probably is halted." But until the documents seized by Mr Kay's team had been dissected and analysed, it was impossible to say whether what he called the "more refined activities", such as nuclear trigger designs, had also come to a halt. "We know, however, that there is still a large number of people employed in their nuclear program," he said. "This is one reason we wanted to see the personnel files to calculate how many are involved and see their specific skills." Dr Ekeus said the helicopter teams would use their own choppers, but an Iraqi navigator would be placed aboard each flight. The dispute over the helicopter flights prompted the US, Britain and France to consider imposing a 48-hour ultimatum on Iraq to force them to co-operate with the chopper missions or risk Western military intervention. Among various Iraqi stipulations, the only one that the UN has acceded to is that the choppers do not fly over certain sections of Baghdad. The inspection teams got more head office support over the weekend when the permanent five members of the Security Council described Iraq's persistent failure to comply with cease-fire resolutions ending the Gulf War as unacceptable. IN BRIEF Typhoon kills 45 TOKYO: Typhoon Mireille, which hit Japan with winds of up to 212 kilometres an hour, left up to 45 people dead at the weekend and about 800 injured. The typhoon flooded thousands of homes. Nagasaki and surrounding cities were hardest hit. AP Imelda to go home HONOLULU: Former Philippine first lady Imelda Marcos says she is ready to return to her homeland on Friday to face charges of tax evasion and fraud. But she hoped that President Corazon Aquino would extend the Friday deadline, perhaps until December. Reuter v . Oldest man dies TOKYO: Japan's oldest man, Mr Gihei Oka, died on Saturday aged 108, the Kyodo news service said. Japan's oldest person is Waka Shirahama, a 113-year-old woman living in Miyazaki, on the island of Kyushu. Reuter War toll hits 2,000 BELFAST: Protestant gunmen killed a Catholic shopkeeper at the weekend the 2,000th civilian victim in one of the world's longest conflicts. Civil war has raged since 1969, when Catholics launched a civil rights campaign for better jobs, housing and education. Protestants have a 2-1 . majority in the province but would be outnumbered 4-1 if united in the predominantly Catholic Irish Republic. Reuter King's burial delay LONDON: The body of Britain's King George VI lay unbur-ied for 17 years after his death in 1952, according to a new book on the monarchy, Elizabeth II Portrait of a Monarch. Author Douglas Keay said the king's lead-lined coffin was kept in a passageway at Windsor Castle until a vault was created in the castle's chapel in 1969 for his body and that of his widow, the Queen Mother. Reuter Cholera epidemic MEXICO CITY: At least 1,226 cholera cases have been reported and 18 people have died in Mexico since the outbreak of the disease was confirmed in June, according to the state news agency, Notimex. Reuter & tr , e il co) & co? ib, ' WWJti W ilWW m. LIU pmim in, , jiiiiJifcJ protecte Keep your savings off the interest rate slippery slide, with this top 10.25 p.a. term investment. Because not only will St .George offer you a protected rate of 10.25 p.a. for 12 months (paid on maturity), but also you can be in it with as little as $2,000. St.George also offers the option of earning up to 11 p.a. for terms from three to five years. So get today's top investment rate at TlffDoW- d for 12 OR PROTECTED FOR 3-5 YEARS p.a. months. any St.George branch, or call 008 025 719 up to 9pm any night and start earning interest from the moment you call (providing you deposit within 48 hours at any branch.) But do hurry; it's a limited offer. (Fixed TermFixed RateFixed Amount Maximum deposit $250,000) itGeorse Jazz OBITUARY tru mpeter made cool hot Miles Davis 1926-1991 LOS ANGELES, Sunday: Miles Davis, the trumpeter, band leader and composer whose work inspired a generation of jazz musicians, died yesterday. He was 65. Davis died of pneumonia, respiratory failure and a stroke, said spokeswoman Pat Kirk of St John's Hospital and Health Centre. He was hospitalised earlier this month and had previously been treated for diabetes and had a hip joint replacement. He also overcame addiction to heroin and cocaine. Davis, the innovator of more distinct styles than any other jazz musician, had the respect and admiration of musicians but sometimes divided his audience. In his 1989 autobiography, Miles, he wrote: "To be and stay a great musician, you've got to always be open to what's new, what's happening at the moment You have to be able to absorb it if you're going to continue to grow and communicate your music. "I want to keep creating, changing. Music isn't about standing still and becoming safe. I like playing with young musicians." Jazz historian Dan Morgenstern once described Davis as "a generous, kind man whose true self is not revealed by his flamboyant, provocative behaviour, but rather by the introspective, complex, often shifting style of his music". He pioneered in cool jazz, hard Jazz great Miles Davis ... "music isn't about standing still and becoming safe". bop, modal playing, free-form explorations and use of electronics; his contribution to contemporary music is incalculable. Jazz critic Nat Hentoff of New York's Village Voice weekly said: "In the history of the music, there have been a few unmistakable individualists musicians like Lester Young, Louis Armstrong and Charlie Parker and Mil;s is clearly one of those. "He had an extraordinary lyrical and yet very surprising style it was extremely personal, very subtle, yet very compelling." Davis, son of a well-to-do dentist in East St Louis, Illinois, was given his first trumpet when he was 13. While still in high school he played in local bands led by such jazz notables as Billy Eckstine and Benny Carter. Davis moved to New York in 1944, at 18, to find Dizzy Gillespie, one of his trumpet heroes, and jazz saxophonist Charlie Parker. When Gillespie left Parker's combo, Davis replaced him. By the late 1940s, he had developed his own style of muted underplaying, blending sound and silence to create a teasing, tension-building music. Davis's light, lyrical "cool jazz" of the mid-1950s was immortalised in the album Birth of the Cool. It was followed by his influential modal .playing of the late 1950s in which compositions were based on scales 'instead of repeated chord structures. After the driving sound of "hard bop" in the 1960s, he moved on, marrying jazz and electronic rock with the definitive fusion album Bitches Brew. In the 1980s, Davis moved in yet another direction, expanding his band to create an orchestral layering to his sound through polyrhythms from one drummer, two percussionists and multiple sets of synthesisers. Davis had a dark side. Wild mood swings brought run-ins with the police, and he was an admitted heroin addict who also used cocaine. He finally beat his addiction in 1954. That same year, he won his first critics' poll for trumpet playing and formed his first influential quintet with pianist Red Garland, bassist Paul Chambers, drummer Philly Joe Jones and saxophonist John Coltrane. Later bands introduced such major jazz musicians as Herbie Hancock, Ron Carter, Anthony Williams, John McLaughlin, Chick Corea, Wayne Shorter and Joe Zawinul. Associated Press, Reuter Colonel convicted of Jesuits' murder SAN SALVADOR, Sunday: A jury has convicted an army colonel of the 1988 murders of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper and her daughter. The jury also convicted a lieutenant of murdering the housekeeper's daughter and acquitted eight other military men charged with killing the priests. The three-woman, two-man jury kept hidden for fear of reprisals told Judge Ricardo Zamora their verdict late yesterday after 5Vz hours of deliberations. The conviction of Colonel Guil-lermo Benavides was a landmark in Salvadoran human rights cases. Although the armed forces have been blamed for the abduction, torture and murder of thousands of people during almost 12 years of civil war, no other army officer had been tried on a human rights charge. The massacre at the Central American University strained relations with the United States, which has funded the Government's war effort. The US Congress made successful prosecution of the priests' murderers a condition for continued aid. Judge Zamora has 30 days to pass sentence. Benavides and Lieutenant Yusshy Mendoza, convicted of the murder of 15-year-old Celina Ramos, face jail sentences of 20 to 30 years. Benavides, director of the National Military College on November 16, 1989, when the priests were killed, was accused of ordering the priests' murder. The other eight defendants one of whom is a fugitive and was tried in absentia formed part of a 35-man detail that raided the university before dawn. The slain priests were administrators and professors at the Jesuit-run school. Several had long been considered leftist subversive ideologues by the far Right, which included many military officers. After the defendants' arrest in January 1990, several made detailed confessions. Two of the lieutenants testified that Benavides explicitly ordered them to kill the Jesuits and to eliminate any witnesses. Associated Tress Long-time Zaire leader forced to share power KINSHASA, Sunday: Zairean President Mobutu Sese Seko has been forced to share power with his opponents after massive civil unrest and intense western pressure. Mr Mobutu, 60, has led the vast, central African country with an iron fist for more than 25 years. He and Opposition leaders are due to work out the exact shape of a new crisis government today after the Opposition convinced Mr Mobutu this was the only solution. But there is a difficult road ahead for the new Government, expected to be led by a long-time Mobutu opponent, Etienne Tshisekedi. The economy is in tatters and Western governments are pressing for major reforms. The aim is to put a stop to the orgy of looting and rioting that swept Kinshasa and other main towns last week, much of it led by unpaid soldiers while they were supposed to be imposing a dusk-to-dawn curfew. Haggling for government posts between the Opposition parties, united only in their hatred for Mr Mobutu, will take up much of today's meeting. It is not clear what role Mr Mobutu's party, the Popular Movement for the Revolution, will play in any new power structure or if the president will be forced to cede control of key portfolios like defence and foreign affairs. When those questions have been resolved, the national conference, set up in August to chart a course for democracy in this country of 40 million, must approve the new Government next week. The "conference, with 3,000 delegates from across the political board, has been in chaos for weeks and there were signs yesterday that the approval of a new Government may not be straightforward. A group of young conference delegates said they would not accept any "pre-cooked" decision on the shape of a new administration. Many of those in Opposition have served Mr Mobutu for years and diplomats say there are questions about their credibility. Reuter W1591 i

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