Alqona Ko^uth , strr. r, itt*, AIOONA, IOWA Christmas Plea toVietCIs By Abigail Van Burin te m» IT CMO* TrilM*-*: V.'NWI if*., i*.t DEAR ABBY; A few days ago my boy friend left for Viet Nam and 1 miss htm like craiy already. But that's not the problem I'm writing about. It may sound silly, but t would like to know what I can •end him for Christmas? I have racked my brain and haven't been able to come up with a thing, except maybe something good to eat, like cookies. But what are the chances for "goodies" arriving in good condition? , Abby, can you tell us girl friends (and wives and mothers, too] what those wonderful guys in Viet Nam really want for Christmas? BLOOMINGTON DEAR BLOOMINGTON: All right. I am asking "all you wonderful guys" over there In Viet Nam. What do you really want for Christmas? [Besides a one-way trip home, that Is.] I'm serious. Write to Abby and state your preferences. DEAR ABBY: For years my widowed mother made her home with us. I am not complaining. We were happy to share our home with her, and did all we could to make her comfortable and happy. I have brothers and sisters who lived their own lives and did not bother very much with Mother. Mother died recently, and when it came time to settle up her estate we find that it is share and share alike! Would we be out of line to submit a bill for her keep, covering all those years we so generously provided for her? Why should the others, who did nothing for her, reap equally? They were equally able to help but didn't. WONDERING DEAR WONDERING: If you would keep peace In your . mother's surviving family, you will make no further claims on her estate. Your reward is the knowledge that you made a , special contribution to the happiness of your mother. And If that is not reward enough, It should be. > . • • DEAR ABBY: I don't know if you are willing to use your column for safety messages, but I hope you are, because I can't think of a better place to publicize this: Last night I was the first to arrive at the scene of an accident after a little 5-year-old girl had been struck by a car. No one knew where the child had come from. A few minutes later several people walked across the highway from a picnic area to see what all the excitement was about. A, man 'collapsed and a young woman became hysterical when they recognized the child. She was their daughter, who only moments before had been left sleeping on the back seat of their car. I had to tell these grief-stricken parents that an ambulance would not be necessary. M»ny people left the scene muttering, "I have learned a good lesson." As the father of two young children, I learned one, too. "DON'T HAVE CHILDREN SLEEPING IN AN AUTOMOBILE NEAR A HIGHWAY!" WORCESTER DAD CONFIDENTIAL TO DONNA: Send the DEAR GLORIA letter back to your sailor and tell him your name ii Donna. Either he has a strange sense of humor or he sent Gloria • Dear Donna letter. In any case, he sounds like a wolf In ship's clothing. Kossuth girl spends two months in Appalachia Ten of America's 20 poorest Friday ••••••••••••MMMMMl^BMMMMHMMM^^^^^HI^^H Grand opening of Titonka plant Titonka Custom Farm Services' new plant, located Ms mile east of Titonka, has recently been completed and their Grand Opening cere- , monies will be held Friday, Sept. 8 beginning at 10 a.m. This new one story shopping center for fertilizers and farm chemicals will serve Titonka 'and the Kossuth County area with prescription-mixed bulk and bagged fertilizers, custom and rental spreaders and applicator service, nitrogen solutions, anhydrous ammonia pesticides, free soil testing and agronomic assistance. Managing the new plant is PhiHip D. Pfeffer. He is the son of the Lawrence Pfeffers, dear Lake. He was born in Algona in 1936 and attended Clear Lake High School, Mason City Junior College and Iowa State University. Mr. Pfeffer served four years in the Air Force, two of which were spent in Korea. He was formerly .employed by the State Department of Agriculture as fertilizer and pesticide inspector. On the selection of Titonka as the location of a Custom Farm Service division, Mr. Pfeffer said: "Titonka was chosen as a home for our new plant because of its centralized location as a farm ma< terials buying center, ind its reputation as an area of progressive farming." Titonka Custom Firm Services, Inc. is a division of Tennessee Corporation, § prominent supplier of agricultural chemical products. pahlit The Fred Haegetes of Independence have grown » dah- plant which now i$ owr feet tall. The blooms equally 3$ large as its height—enormous. » Ex-Algona school teacher dies •An Algona school teacher of long ago, Mrs. Charlotte E. Sedgwick, 93 of Fort Dodge, died last Thursday. Funeral services for her were held Saturday at Fort Dodge with cremation following. She was the former Charlotte Sweny and taught in elementary schools for six years in the early 1900's counties here (Ann Carpenter, 21-yea'r old daughter of Mr. and Mrs, Elvin Carpenter of Ledyard, spent the past summer doing work with a Youth Corps in Kentucky. She is a Spanish j major at Iowa State Universi- • ty where she is a senior and was in Kentucky from June 23 until Aug. 25. She will return to Iowa State this week for further study. Following is a report given to the Advance of her summer activities and requested by this newspaper.) By Ann Carpontor For the past two months I've heen in Hazard, Kentucky, under the sponsorship of the Board of Missions of the Methodist church, working with the Remedial Education program of the Neighborhood Youth Corps. This program is connected with the four-county Leslie, Knott, Letcher, Perry (LKLP) Community Action Council. .Although I was associated with two local churches, my main activity was tutoring grade school drop-outs on how to read, write, and do arithmetic. The NYC has programs for students still in school and for young people who have quit school. The drop-outs are employed by the NYC, at public institutions such as schools and hospitals, and are expected to attend classes taught by workers such as VISTA volunteers for six hours a week. The young people I taught, however, were too far behind to benefit from these classes, as they didn't know how to read. They all had had some schooling — a iew had even reached high school — but they didn't learn to read. They didn't learn in the early grades, and were passed on from grade to grade without having ever learned. No wonder they quit as soon as possible — often before age 16. DURING MOST of my time I tutored six older teenagers, ages 16-19.1 taught three boys together and had the others — two boys and one girl — individually. We started from the beginning with simple words and sounds and progressed as the students were, able Some knew more words than others, but none of them could sound out new words, which made them illiterate for most practical purposes. Lack of motivation was a factor with some of them, as was the tendency to give up too easily. Some of them progressed quite rapidly, while others went more slowly, but at least each of them got a good start in learning to read. Hazard, a city of more than 7,000, is the county seat of Perry County, in the heart of the Eastern Kentucky coal fields. But in addition to its coal, Eastern Kentucky has more one-room schools, the highest rate of white adult illiteracy, highest percentage of disabled workmen, and ten of the twenty poorest counties in the United States (according to a report before a Congressional committee by Harry Caiidill, Whitesburg, Kentucky attorney, author of Night Comes to the Cumberlands, and Chairman of the Congress for Appalachian Development.) Although there is a very substantial middle class, especially in the towns and cities, there are also many, many people in the area who live only on various forms of government relief. While rifeny, people are working hardj to live on what they can earn, too many othe'rs have become accustomed to living off what the government gives them. And, what is worse, their 'children are-growing up with .this same philosophy. THE PROBLEMS in Appalachia stem from many sources. One is coal mining. Years ago the mining companies bought the mineral rights to land, and paid the owners next to nothing for it. The people, of course, didn't know what it was worth, -and were happy for what money they did get. Now the companies are going into this land and mining it, and the current owners, descendents of the mountaineers who originally sold the rights, don't like it. Most of the mining now done in the area is strip mining or auger- ing. Strip mining is when they cut away the side of the mountain and take out the coal, and augering is drilling horizontally into a mountain and extracting the coal. These types of mining ruin the land, often causing landslides, polluting streams and rivers, and creating scars on the sides of formerly beautiful mountains. The coal companies pay little tax for the coal and since many of the owners don't live in the area,' much of the profit doesn't stay in the area for the benefit of its people. All of this, together with automation which took away so many jobs, causes some of the richest land in the United States to have the poorest people living on it. Although there has been some strip mining legislation and is more in Congress and the legislatures now, there is a good chance that this kind of mining will continue for many years. THE COAL, along with geography, local politics, the federal government, local school system, the churches, and the forestry interests have combined to create part of a society that is uneducated, poor, and largely dependent on the government. The isolation created by the mountains has caused many mountaineers to live much like their forefathers, with the same values oft education, religion, and other things. The patronage system is quite active in the schools, and qualified teachers ate in demand. In earlier years many mountaineers were exploited by the forestry companies, as well as the coal companies, when they sold their valuable trees for almost nothing. Naturally the people who are self-sufficient and work hard for a living resent the "happy pappies" and others who are living off the government. "Happy pappies" are fathers who would otherwise be jobless, but are now working on government-supported projects. They receive a salary and other benefits for the work they do. This program, along with the Neighborhood Youth Corps and others, seem fine in theory. At least the people are working instead of just sitting at home with nothing to do. However, sometimes it seems that too many people are hired and there isn't enough work for them, or that the work they do isn't constructive and isn't teaching them anything they don't already know. Government aid is not the answer to the problems of Appalachia, but it is necessary until the problems are solved. The answer includes more opportunity for employment, better educational facilities, and a change in attitude on the part of many people. The ideas of some that they will be taken care of, so why work, must change. The self-sufficient middle class must be at least open-minded about the various programs which are set up and do what they cafi to help. While some of the outsiders who come in to work on these programs are undesirable ahd there oftly * cause trouble, 1 believe the great percentage come with a sincere desire to help, ahd should be encouraged, riot frowned upon for a few dif* ferent ideas. The situation is changing, but very slowly, in Eastern Kentucky and all of Appala- cria, and it will be a long time before Appalachia is con* sidered just another part of the United States. But, it can and must change before America can justly call itself an affluent nation. Dry ON* Yew Ova Cirptt a»l SAVE dry eltontot ii •*»*• th» HOST tlttfrft Iruih I* *»f«M«l fof toofmft !o lot* wdtk. l»tiV eu»- foftcr who hoi ffitd HOJt, l*r« tt. thlt ft**** ti fovortd by Catptf Mill* for all typci af Clean 900 tq, ft. homo) $9.93 Ur Sunflower Mire. John C. Dykstna, Rock Valley, has a 15 foot high sunflower plant to care for in her tomato garden this year. So far the flowers measure 12 inches across. HOST tlimlnoltt •vtry problem of "in hemi" elrtn- ing. Net a thorn poo — no wtt carpel— ula roomi initonlly. W« recommend it. READ'S FURNITURE Algona, low* 1 -I Ul Hi the only expensive thing about a CARAVELLE" watch is how Bulova makes it COMPANION - Precision jeweled, waterproof.' Sweep second hand. 110.95 DEAN'S ng. Shock-resistant. Cord bracelet. $12.95 •When crystal, cue and crown rem«ln Intict. For Price . . 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