Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on October 8, 1892 · Page 6
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 6

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Saturday, October 8, 1892
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THE GAME OF TEMIS. BY FAR THE MOST SCIENTIFIC OF MODERN SPORTS- Et Embraces the Cardinal Principle o the I-aw or G m vita t Ion An Tiiucrltt b. Natural Philosophy—An Interesting •Defense of an Aljuned Game. AWX-TBXNIS AS a game of scienc< stands to-day sec oiid to no out-doo; game of skill, ye' by far the greatei portion of its de votees do not hal. corapr e li e n d the science they use They do certain strokes, and know the results of them, but do not kno ihc real reason for these results, anc do not stop to argue out the other end •of the principle of cause and effect in volved. In this way they learn certain •strokes, which thc3' use, but they have not the slightest idea why the ball acts ..;n the peculiar way it does when they .'SIEA1GHT ffe ^ THE ANGT.U OF DEFLECTION". liit it. But as there is a reason for al" •things, so is there a scientific explanation for the results of each of these •plays. One of the cardinal principles of the '•:a\v of gravitation, as taught by natural • philosophy, is that the angle of deflec- '.tion is equal to the angle of incidence, . -and this is perhaps one of the most im- •fiortant points to be understood by those desiring to learn to play tennis. The flight of a tennis ball through the • .vir and the direction of its rebound from the ground must first be mastered lie (ore one can ascertain, where the ball • ivill present itself to bo struck. The it/traction of gravitation draws a flj'in • i«ill to the earth, but in doing so must • iirst overcome its tendency to go in some •other direction, either up or straight Ahead, accoading to the manner in which it was'lnt. When he sees a ball ily through the air.a tennis-player must first calculate its speed and direc t,ion,. for from those he finds out where it will strike the ground: and then the ;i.nglo'at which it will rise, so that he may know where he can strike it, for ihe racket must be swung long before tic ball has reached the point at which ihc hopes to hit. This is one of the ^reat failings of beginners; they wait io see where the ball will be in the :i.ir, and then putting their racket ifjttinst it, attempt to push it over the v'net, instead of calculating its position -and hitting the ball by a quirk swinging-blow. These two pnints of the flight and bounce of the ball once -niistered, however, and the beginner 5s ready to learn how to hit the ball. As said before, the angle of deflection •should equal the angle of incidence, 3.nd so it would in tennis if all strokes were played without artificial means of •defeating this law of nature. If no arts were practiced to interfere with this, and the ball always bounced up from the ground as it went down to it, lawn-tennis would lose much of its scientific capabilities. But as it is, man's ingenuity has forced nature to tike a back seat, and by various "cuts" and "twists" the bounce of the ball is •varied greatly. In almost if not all .games where a ball is used, in the air •or on the ground, similar arts ure .pratieed. The "curve" or "drop" ball which, a pitcher delivers in baseball, •ihe "twist" or "curve" ball ..which a ibowler rolls, and tha "English," "fol- jlow," "draw," and "masse" shots ^svhich are played in billiards, all correspond to these "cuts" and "twists" an tennis, and the results are based on ihe same general principle of the friction caused by the twisting of the ball. 5n baseball the ball is in the air; in, bowling and billiards, on the ground; but tennis combines both, for the •effect of the "twist 1 ' both in the air uud on the ground is calculated upon. There are in lawn-tennis a series of strokes which nearly, if not all, have direct equivalents in billiards, though in one or two instances the results are slightly different, owing to the different conditions of the two games. ' In billiards the ball is put in motion from POKE-HAS D LAAYFOED. -islanding- position, and a pointed stick cr cue is all that is required to produce these different results: but 'in tennis che ball is already in motion -when hit, snd a large striking surface is allowed i.o drive ivith. Instead of being struck on one side or the other • io produce a twist, the racket is drawn -in one direction or another in the act •of striking, and as the ball comes in •contact with the rough sliding surface of the stringing, it receives a twisting motion in ihe opposite direction from which tne racket v.-as drawn, atd the ball leaves the side or end of the racket according to the twist used. A diagram is given herewith to illustrate which part of the head of a racket the ball leaves in executing the different well-known strokes. All of the principal twist strokes of a game are played off from the ground —that is, allowed to bounce before be- •ing hit—and may be enumerated as follows: The "fore-hand Lawford,"'the "fore - hand half - Lawford," the "straight lift stroke," the "Laos- down," the ; 'back-hand half-Lawford," and the "back-hand Lawford," says J. P. Paret in Harpers. The first of these strokes, the "Lawford," is one of the most talked of and least known and used strokes in the whole list. Some years ago one of the finest lawn-tennis players in England was Henry F. Lawford, and this man had a peculiar style of hitting the ball, which has probably never been exactly copied by any other player, though variations of it are played frequently, and so get their different names. This became quite famous, and was always referred to as the "Lawford" stroke. Many players attempted to use it, but not one in a thousand succeeded iu hitting the ball in just the same way as did its originator. The natural consequence is that the name has become a by-word among tennis-players,and the great mass of the more unenlightened of them still refer to nearly, if not all, fore-hand strokes as '-Lawfords." The effect of this stroke, when properly played, is almost identical with tho.t of a straight "follow" shot in billiards, as the ball receives a strong over-twist. As it flies through the air, very swiftly at first, the friction of the ball turning rapidly stops its progress, and it falls suddenly to the ground when the forward momentum is nearly lost and the attraction of gravity begins to act. When it strikes the ground its twist again comes into use, and it "shoots" forward witout rising as much as the angle of incidence would require it to. This stroke is played when the ball is at the highest point of its rebound from the court, and with gre-.it, rpccd. The racket is held very stifViy in the hand, with the wrist perfectly rigid. The forearm is drawn up suddenly as the stroke is made, the elbow being held close to the side, and acting as a pivot. The ball leaves the racket when it is parallel to the ground, and rolls off the lower edge of the stringing, thus receiving the forward impetus and the over-twist at the same time. This stroke is very difficult to master and play well, and is only effective if the player has great accuracy as well as speed with it. Being always played off the ground, it is necessarily connected with and adapted to a baseline game. The second stroke, or "fore-hand half-Lawford," is merely a modification of the true Lawford stroke, and is much easier to master and play. The effect of the play is to give the ball a diagonal twist motion, corresponding to a "follow" shot in billiards with, ieft "English." The ball drops nearly as quickly as with the Lawf ord twist but also curves in the air to the left during its flight. The position of the sody and arm while ,. plajnng this stroke is much, the same as the Law- "ord, but the racket is drawn up and out from the body to the right at same time, and the ball rolls off the lower left-hand corner of the racket. The "back-hand half-Law- :ord" and ""back-hand Lawford" strokes are just the same as the corresponding fore-hand strokes, but are )layed with the arm and racket across n front of the body. The "back-hand Lawford" is the most difficult of the six strokes named, and very few players in the world have iver mastered it. It was v,ery seldom f ever played even by Lawford him•.elf. The twist which the ball receives by the "back-hand half-Lawford" is ust the reverse of the fore-hand itroke, and the ball curves and "bounces iff to the right instead of to the left There are a number of variations of he half and true Lawford, both fore- iand and back-hand, which might be ermed one-quarter, three-quarter .awfords, etc., the onl3- difference "beg the proportion of side and over wist which is given the ball, and the jatural results from the same. GENERAL SPORTING. James W. Whitney of Rochester has edded to sell the Flour City kennel, vhich he has supported for some years or the breeding- of high-grade nastiffs. j At Coney Island, Sept, 20, Capt. j irewe beat C. E. Morris in a live igeoa shooting match. The men shot 00 birds each, and Brewer killed 397 o Morris' 179. In the amateur swimming match, iej-t. 19, at Leicester, England. Tyers i : Osborne won the 100 yard event, le covered tlie course in 1 minute and -5 seconds, thus breaking the record. Charles E. Fisher of England, who pent seven hours and a half in the rater, swimming 1 from Dover to Ramsgate, has issued a challenge to s^vrim any man in the world for 82,500 a ' PHYSICAL CULTURE. EDWIN CHECKLEY ON METHODS OF TRAINING. Gentle Exercise Is Better than Sever Training—The Faults of Gymnast! Systems—Hints Abont Breathing an jf—-Points by an Kxpert. E DO NOT BEAK a close resemblanci to the ancien Greeks in our mode of living 1 , but we are daily approach ing nearer their standard in one respect, our love o: athletics. Men of unusua muscle and skil made large fortunes in those days men of the same stamp can do th same to-day. A man who won more than one prize at the Olympic games was modeled in marble by the best sculptor of his State. John O'Donogbue has done the same for America's mos' famous boxer. But there has been vast exaggeration in regard to the prowess of Greek athletes, and there can be little doubt that the world is to-day producing men Incorrect Correct Standing StAfldmJ posrcioti Posiiior). of finer physical mould than any that the old republic knew. The race has not ceased to progress. Among the causes that have combined to bring about this result is the increased interest in manly sports, This interest is not confined to any one class of people, but has taken an almost universal hold upon Americans. Nothing better illustrates this than the success achieved by Edwin _Checkley's little book, "A Natural Method of Physical Training." Mr. Checkley is always sensible. Himself a man of fine physical development, he is the last to counsel unusual exercise. He believes that any man may be made sturdy, but the methods of accomplishing this need not be anything more than gentle. He abhors "heroic" training, pointing out that the lower animals, presumably types of physical perfection, show the greatest strength under natural habits. Elaborate gymnastic apparatus is another bugbear to Mr. Checkley. The bars and wheels and ropes exercise a fascination at the beginning, but when the new interest wears off the benefit ceases. Checkley insists there can be no proper training that does not educate the whole system of the man; and this only in the easiest and most pleasing fashion. What good does it do a man. to be able to sprint a hundred yards in fast time if his lungs refuse to send him a mile at an. ordinary pace? We are cursed with specialism in athletics. Men become proficient at punching a sand bz.g who do not know how to simply carry their own body," says Mr. Checkley. "They have spent their tune in training, as it were, from the outside. One of our modern philosophers has said that we invent fine railroads, but we are forgetting how to walk. This is very true. We are forgetting how to stand, and, above all— fatal error!—we are forgetting how to breathe." In the first place, not one person in a thousand—yes,in ten thousand—carries his or her body properly. The spine is made to do things it was never intended to do, and, per contra, men stand, sit and walk without proper re- ESSBCISB. liance on muscles that were intended to make all their movements easier. We collapse in silting', rest on tie heels while standing and breathe so perversely that the lungs are but half developed. In fact, says Mr. Checkley, good health and strength of form can be attained in the ordinary activities of life, if they are carried on in obedience to right laws; gymnastic exercise by itself not being- a necessity at alL Clothes, in their modern form, he points out, hamper the entire physical system. If the tendency is not checked •we wflt become a'face of tailors' "dum- mies." Collars are worn so high and stiff that the neck muscles are never developed, while a man with sloping shoulders will iliterally '-hump.himself' in order that his suspenders shall not slip. So, too, we 1 take all sorts of unnatural Dositions to prevent our trousers bagging at the knees. The erect carriage upon which men often pride themselves, where the chest and hips form an interrogation point, is wholly artificial. That it is unhealthy follows. We reproduce two pictures, showing how a man should and should not stand. "In walking," says Checkley, ''keep the face and chest well over the advanced foot, and preserve the habit of lifting the body with the muscles, and by the inflation of the lungs. Avoid a minching step. Take a full, firm and easy stride, avoiding any hard jarring motijons." Pursuing his condemnation of special training, Mr. Checkley instances the early deaths of man athletes as a proof that the lungs are neglected. "Training," he says, has become "straining." The body is cultivated from the outside, when the inside should receive first attention. The simplest preparatory exercise is full, long breathing. While standing or sitting in any proper attitude, with the chest free, take in a long breath until the lungs seem full, taking care at the same time not to harshly strain the lungs or muscles. Hold ttie breath thus taken for a few seconds, and then allow it to slowly leave the lungs. By consciously breathing in this man- der the lungs will be enlarged and strengthened and the breathing will become slower. Normal breathing when the body is at rest, should not include more than ten breaths in a minute. At the outset this breathing will be an effort. But a few days will make it a habit. Then you will be in a fair way to make your lungs do the work that nature meant they should do. One point on which Checkley dwells is making all the muscles do a share of the work. An athlete lifts a great weight not because the lifting muscles are superior to those of the average man, but because he uses more of them. The majority of people do not know half the muscles that they own, and they use a still smaller number. "Take the case of a blow with the fist," he writes. "In a gymnasium a number of young men will gather near a suspended bag. The owner of perhaps the stoutest arms only sends it out at right angles. Then steps up a young man of comparatively light weight and biceps inferior in bulk to those of many of the others. This young man strikes a blow at the bag and it bounds clean over the point of suspension. How did he do it? "In the first place the young man knew the right moment in the extension of the muscles at which to make contact with the bag, but particularly he knew how to throw all of his muscles and all of his weight into the blow. He used every muscle he possibly could, down to the tendon Achilles in his heel, and he made every one do all it possibly could." Almost as much neglected as the lungs is the spine. Clerical work and sedentary employment of all kinds has produced a class of men in whom the backbone is rigid and unhealthy. 5Tet the spine is naturally one of the most flexible members of the body. An exercise that Mr. Checkley recommends is here illustrated. "The arms are brought to a position at right angle with their original line, the hips in this case being turned slightly. Now, keeping the arms rigidly opposite/each other, bend the left arm downward, at the same time bending the left knee only, and touch the floor between the two feet, as shown in figure 2. Raise the left hand until the arms resume the position of figure 1, and swing the arms about until the right hand occupies a forward position. Bending the right knee (the left being iept rigid), the floor may now be iouched in the same manner with the right hand. These positions may be alternated at the rate of about fifteen changes to the minute. The exercise .s an excellent one." SMr. Checkley devotes a chapter -to ;he treatment of obesity, describing and picturing many exercises of bene- it to fat persons. Another section of the book concerns training for •women, and in this regard he says some harsh jut just things about women's clothes and their bad effects upon the system. JAS. H. WHITE. THEATRICAL TALK. Edward E. Rice has been seriously ill, but he is now on the road to recovery. Emma Abbott provided in her will 'or an organ for the Madison Avenue Baptist church in Rochester. The instrument was recently dedicated. The derogatory stories about Mr. and Mrs. Gustave Amberg, which were printed in several newspapers, were Droved on investigation to be false, it s thought that they were the inven- ion of an enemy. •_ IQTKSNGIIK! STTIFTS SPECIFIC is totally uplilre in v other blood medicine. It cures dista.^**-' tbe blood and skin by renio-rinpttc jx>:s».:, nl ac the same time supplies good Moon u: -.•->• is:e<] pans. Don't be imposed on by sui.*:,;- tos, which are said to be just as poo<!, j-.'rnf. Xo medicine If3 TKE KfJFsKd • as rerformed as many In 1 sit SS*'i" : '"•'• •underfill cures, or relieved so much siuTcnc.. •' My blood -ras hadly poisoned last year. -: :• at my whole svsteni one of order—< list'.'.:" •: v-'insianc <ource of suffering, no api g'l^- _ . c.-.joycsent. of liie. Two bottles of gJJT,;,. " rought me right oal. There is no f* "-•• • • •otter remedy for Wood diseases. Treatise on blood as d siia diseases iiiaDi;.; t>.- STSTFT SPECIFIC-CO., Atlanta, G* FRIEND" mm oiiiio BIRTH mi Colvin, La, Dec. 2,183G.—Hy Trife used MOTHER'S yaEBN'D before ier third confinement, and says sno -would not bo without it for hundreds of dollars- SOCK MILLS. 3ent by -xpress o^ rrce-I-t cf price. «:.2J per bet- Je. Book"To Mothers 1 ' :r'Ucdiree. ~ OO., •OH OALC BVALLDHUCUil For sale by Ben Fisher, druggist. CHICAGO MEDICAL INSTITUTE 157 415!) S. Clark St Chicago, 111. Tlie Regular Old-Established PHYSICIANS &SURGEONS are still Treating wltb the Greatest SKILL f\ND SUCCESS ALL Chronic, Nervous and Private Diseases. 3 DEBILITY, Lost Manhood Falling Memory, Exhausting Drains, Terrible Praams, Heal mid Back Ache mirt nil tlie effects lea -Ing to early decny and perhaps Consumption or Insanity, treated scientifically hy n-w luetbods wltli never-falling success. EgJ-SIPHILIS und all bad Blood mid bkln Diseases permanently cured. jgr-KIDNKY tmd CRI.N'ABY comp'aints. Gleet. Gonorrhoea. Stricture, V'Ttcocple and all diseases or the Genlto-Hrm:iry Organs cured promptly without Injur- to Stomach, Ivldnejs or other Organs. CS^'o experiments. Age and mperlence Important. Consultation tree, ;md sacred. Es?~A]l correspondence is sacredly private. Our long experience enables us to Guarantee Cure- In all Curable Coses of Eczema, Scrofula, Syphilis, Bladder and Kidney Diseases, Leucor- rhoeaand Kemale Troubles, Liver Complaint, Catarrh, all Blood, Skin and ServoiK Diseases. No matter who has failed to cure you. write us a f u ; l history or your cast Hours, 8 to 8; Sundays, 9 to 12. Call on or address Chicago Medical 150 S. Clark St. ChlcnKO, 111. Institute. ELY'S CATARRH CREAM BALM Cleanses the Nasal Passages, Allays Pain and InflammatioD, Heal the Sores. Restores the Senses of Taste and rftncJ.1. TRY THE CURE HAY-FEVER ApHrtlcleIs applied In!" eacli uosirli mid Is *ui-«*able. Price GUe»iu,*iit Druwists; by mall o-Klstered, SUcts. ELY BROTKEUS. 50 Warren St.. Nww York. 50.c USED BY THE FASH ION ABLE EVERYWHERE MARQUARD'S ROSEGREflM THE FAMOUS COMPLEXION BEA'UTIFIER Imparts to the akla that exquisite wblwD and purity iind tine, soft texture BO much ftd- mlred. Positively romovefl wrlnkleu, frocklcn, redness and roughness of the skin, plmplen, 4 blackheads, tan, sunburn, and all Imperfections of trjff complexion. Guaranteed a'aao- » Intely pure. Surprising In Its effects. AH INCOMPARABLE TOILET LUXURY. t SIX MONTHS' TREATMENT FORSJ.2S ADDRESS ALL ORDERS TO < THE MARQUARD-KOTZC'O.: SOUTH BEND,IND. | "—"-'-",H PENNYROYAL WAFERS. A specific mo&thlj jnodietna for to rootora and rcgulato fcho mnmos; ,pro<luclng f roe, healthy and painle<g Idlschorgu. ^o adieu or pain* OR approach. Now used by over 90,0*0 ladies. Onoo UAad, will use again. InMffOrWcs theso organ*. Buy of your drnegtet only thoite with our eitfnuture KCTOM Sealed . . particular* mftllud 2c BtAjap. fLOOper Addrc&s, EURKKA CH&UICAL DlTKOCC, JHCU, For sale by B V Keeslmt? and J D Hanson )Oft£SS Of/ THE DEVELOPMENT O/* EMORY FREE To Introduce a nertes of valuable educational works the abovo WlJl tw sent to all applicants I 0AME3 P* DOWNS, £43 BKOAOWAY. HEW YORK. A Specialist f-ho HAS A National Repntatioi For tlie Treatment or Cnron ic and Nervous Diseases. DP. D. D. Surgeon £ Specialist, And In charge ot the Electric and Surgical D* nartraentoC the Medical and Surgical Institute ol ' Louisville Kj. Will be at the Murdoek Hotel LOGAN3PORT, IHD. Thursday, Oct. 6th. ttcturnlng ever)- month during the ye»r to r»« main one diiy. Dr. Rea lias been connected wltb the laigwl, hospitals In tlie country.and has no superior in diagnosing and treating diseases and deformities. He will give $50 for any case Unit he cannot tell tlie disease and where located In flve mlnntes He will return to Lognnsport overy month tuiii year to remain one day. Treats all Curable lledlenl and Surgical Dls eases. Acute and Chronic Catarrh. Diseases of th«: Eye. EM. Nose, Throat and Luncs, Dyepeps'*, BrtglK's Disease, Diabetes. Kidneys, Liver, Bladder. Chronic, l r enjaie and Sexual Diseases. Epilepsy or Fits Cured. , A Positive Guarantee.: YOUNG AND MIDDLE AGED MEN Suffering from Spermatorhea and Impotent pi the result of self abuse In youth or PX603^ In maturer years and other causes producing 803ie • of the following effects, as emissions blotehM debility, nervousness, : dizziness, coarac,1on on Ideas, aversion to soclety.defoctlve memory and sexual exhaustion which unfit the victim for business or marriage, are permiineutly cured by remedies not Injurious. '.'.'-. BLOOD ASD SKIN DISEASES. Syphilis and complications, M son* throat, fall ln< of the bitlr, pain In the bones, eruptions,' etc. are perfectly eradicated without using tnercnrj ol . other Injurious drugs. GonorheiL, Gleet, Stricture and all UMnur,: and Kidney Troubles are speedily cured b" treatment that nas never failed. He undertakes no Incurable cases, bnt elites thousand. 1 ) given up to die. Remember the date and come early, M 111* rooms are always crowded wherever be stops, CONSDLTIOW FREE. Correspondence solicited, and confldeE tlal. Address Medical anil Surfclcxl restitute, 309 Fourth St. Loulnllto Kt ' SURE CURE FOR CATARRH FOR OVER RLP'IIY YEARS this old SovereignBemedy has stood the test, and stands to-day thereat known remedy for Catarrh, Oold in the Head. and Headache. Persist in its use, and it will effect a cure, no matter of^how tong standing the case may be. For sa!«_Lby_rdrtiffgiati» i W EAK AMP UNDEVELOPED Organs •trcusftijencd »nd cnlvged, eml* lions stopped, t,oti i. -ahood B«atored, raricocele, weak back, los* c'memory, dlzzlnew, nervousness, weaincss CCTI-..^ by the Fcnn City Remc<ij?>». K,00 per U.T : six boxen fol ' KM. A ^rtvtea guarantee of i- - with ftVSry. ebc boxes. K-rd i-tamj> for paru^iJoni *j Oie PE3TN C^-'Y WE&JCAl, ."'OjUPAJTr, t«« Xort.lt :>.-xo«ui. Street. . alia*. P»-. fcrr MA'S' who wonM know the GEAND TRUTHS, the Pialn Fnttt, tho •~-A I OM -Secret* nnd the Kew Discovert' THE ERIE MEDJCAl. CO.. BUFFALO. N. V. "Nerve Seeds," the Ti'ondeni:I remedj IB «>M t.'di ?• wrtic •- ntee ro -cure or r-eTnnd the monr BSTC t JT Sate i Inu. By H C ,'urtell Drugget 321 Fourth St j lOff'S PEN8BOYAL PILLS The only safe, sttre and ^liable Female - Ta es Especially recommended to married Ladies. Beware s ru?up in tin boxes as they are dangerous. Ask for Mod's Pennyroyal Pills and take no other. Send for circular. Price §1.00 per box, 6 boxes for &5-00. Or, Motto Coemlcal Co., Cleveland. Ohio, Sold at Johnston Bros, drug store . DR. WILLIAMS' IWD1AW PILS 'OINTMENT v~iil cure iJlintl* Blooding &Dd Itching .riles. itnosorDsiiDfc tumors, allays the Itcbine at once, acts as a potJtice, »TM fc-stant jreliei Prepared only lorKles and JtcWag of tfce,, nrivate parts. Every box is warranted. Jndge Coons, at • fiaysvfllo, K. Y-. says:. "Dt WflUamB 1 Indian ment cured me after years of Buffering." sent by jaalion receipt of prtoa- *««•««•• Sold by B f ZeesUnsr and

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