The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 19, 1951 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, April 19, 1951
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Or NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLVII—NO. 26' Blylheville Daily News BlythevUle Courkr Mississippi Valley Blytheville Herald BIA'THKVJLLK, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, APRIL ID, 1951 EIGHTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS M'ARTHUR WARNS AGAINST 'SPLIT-DEFENSE' UN Troops Launch limited Attack' North of Hwachon Allied Riflemen Begin Strike At Newly-Seized Power Dam TOKYO, April 19. (AP)—Allied troops today launched a limited attack north of the newly captured Hwachon power dam and reservoir on the east-central front in North Korea. The Allies seized the big hydro-electric grid Wednesday after Reds who had defended it stubbornly for days slipped Sen. Vandenberg Dies After Years of ///ness GRAND RAPIDS. Mich., April 19. (AP)—Sen. Arthur H. Vondcn- berg. one cl the United States' most respected statesmen, is dead at 61. The Michigan Republican, a foreign policy expert whose advice and leadership were sought by the heads -of both major parties, died last night in his sleep after several years of illness. He had undergone several major operations in the last two years. Vandenberg's denth at his home here meant the loss of one of the founders of the United Nations and one of Congress' foremost advocates of a bi-parlisan, unified foreign policy in the cold war with Russia. It also undoubtedly meant a gain away to the north. nacArihur Says He Won't Enter Political Race Both Parties Call His Stand 'A Wise Move- More Appeal to Views' WASHINGTON, April 19, <t?j— Politicians oE both parties said today Gen. Douglas MacArthur's no- politics stand was a wise move whichi should give his views more influence with the public and Congress. Y Senator Kcrr (D-Okla). who spearheaded criticism in y Congress of the ousted general, 5ajd MacArthur may have, removed rome possi ble je a lousy am o n g I^epubl i 'onus ambitious to run for President or Vice President. v , MacArthur told a huge crowd in San Francisco yesterday: "I have t just been asked if I intended to Denier politics ami-iny .vjply ^3.1 np ; "I do not intend : lb'run for anj Apolitical office and I hope.tlut : my name never will, be used in a- political way. The only political have is contained In a sim'pte; phrase known well by all of .:!ybu—Go< bless America." ' -£'•' :'. MacArthur's name .was form all; presented before the"1948 Republican Presidential Convention. De spite his age—71—some had ex pec ted it would be offered again Some MacArthur - for - Rresiden moves already have started. Thousands of Allied doughboys ourecl into the dam and reservoir rea. United Nat 10115 riflemen truck north from Hwachon at the r est end of (he reservoir. They ratleci fire with an enemy group of indisclosed strength but later wilh- :rcw. Chinese Reds pulled back all a- oug Ihe central front in the moim- ainotfs area west of the reservoir. Rain, smoke and haze made air ib.servation impossible. But United Nations troops patrolled aggressive- y far ahead of .their lines in those iraggy heights without opposition. Heavy rain stowed the Allied push in the western front. Chinese mounted a daylight, company-sized counterattack 10 miles nside Red Korea 'north of Yon- clion. \ v Allied arlfltcry and a late afternoon air strike threvJ back the attack. UN Inches Forward U.N T . forces inched forward up :he last hillcrest before Chorwon, 17 air miles north of \lhe border. Other Allied troops riieared Chig- yong, southeast of Chpnvon and 16 air miles Inside the Redland. . Behind front lines, American engineers and Korean road crews were working day and.nighl to weather proof roads against, the heavy rains due soon. for the Democrats in the Senate. It- falls U) Michigan's Democratic governor, G. Mennen Williams, to name a successor to Vandenberg, whose distinguished career spanned 23 years in Congress. Four I'ossihrfilks Williams reportedly has four possibilities in mind—former U.S. Sen. Prehtiss M. Brown. University of Michigan law professor John Dawson, former Michigan Attorney General Stephen J. Roth, and Noel P. Fox, head of the Michigan labor relations board. With b Vandenberg's death, the Democratic majority in the Senate became '19 to 46. The expected Democratic appointment will make it, 50 to 46. Funeral services for Sen. Vandenberg will be held at 2 p.m. Saturday from the Park Congregational Church here. The Rev. Archibald Thompson, pastor, will officiate. The body will lie in state at the church chapel Saturday morning. Senator Had Lengthy And Formidable Career . ; : (By NEA Service) On-.Jan. 10, 1945. Sen. Arthur H. Vandenberg of Michigan rose in the SenaLe',ta speak. What he said that day radically changed his own life and profoundly affected the course Asia Appeasement Would Undermine Europe, He Claims H U L 1, E T I N WASHINGTON, April 19. (X'l—Gen. Douglas MaoArlltur laid today his views on (he Far Easl "have been fully shared by practically every military leader" Including I lie. U. s. Juinl Chiefs o( Stuff. Sen. Arthur H. Vandenberff of American foreign affairs. Until that hour he had been voluble and vehement isolationist with flowery, ponderous phrases the then 60-year-old Republics had trumpeted that theme for some 30 years. At one dramatic stroke he swop it all away. He declared isolationism dead, said the oceans were no longer moats protecting America urged the nation to plunge boldl} into world affairs, and promised to .support such a course. The effect on this country and See VANDKNHEUG on Page S WASHINGTON, April Ifl. (At 1 )—General Dougliis Mac- Aiiluir told Congress today the U. S. cannot appease communism in Asia "without simultaneously undermining our efforts to lialt il in Kurope." The Communist threat is a global one, he declared, and added: "\\'e can't divide our. effort." li\ effect, this was a direct challenge to the Truman administration's position that Kurope must be the place where this country will concentrate its efforts against communism. It was MacArthur's disagreement with this view—his contention that greater efforts must be put into the Korean War—thai led ['resident Truman to dismiss him from his Far Eastern commands eight days ago and brought the general back to this country for a dramatic appearance before Congress. The five-star general was given a swelling, throe- minute ovation when he came into the House chamber before a joint meeting of the House and Senate. He wore a field uniform and no medals. At the outset, MacArlhnr snid it was with a sense of deep humility and great calm that he occupied the rostrum. "I do not stand here as advocate for any partisan cause, for the issues are fundamental and reach (|tiitc beyond the realm of partisan consideration," he .said. "They must be resolved on the highest plane of national interest if our course is to prove sound and our future protected." He said, too, "I address you with neither rancor nor bitterness in the fading twilight of life, with but one purpose in mind: to serve my country. (Applause). lion-for the sudden .Red piiliback that permitted the Allies to .lake over the Hwachon dam and reservoir. . , ••' Eight of the dam's 18 floodgates were slill open. The dam is 880 feet long and 250 feet high.'It backs 'up.water for 11 miles and once was H major source of power for Seoul. Allied troops seized Hwachon at the western end of the reservoir Wednesday without a fight.'They captured Yanggu on the eastern end See WAR on Pape S Gathings Says M'Arthur's Plan Would Have Speeded 'Rotation 7 common courtesy of a hearing before the issuance of an ouster order. "Especially should this be true in tills particular instance in which such a drastic act has been taken in the wee hours of the morning agaiiLst one v of the ablest military leaders this country has ever produced. "MacArthur has bitterly opposed and assailed the export of war materials from allied countries to Reel China and the Soviet Union. He took the position that aumeone should speak lor the course that were engaged in fighting the Communists in Korea—the American GI and the United Nations troops." Rep, Gathings said vast quantities of war material and men are School Problem. Is Up to Districts Mt/flfet/i Says In Seeking Study LITTLE ROCK, April 10. (AP)—Governor McMalh siiid late yesterday that it's up to lh^; public schools and state-supported colleges to get along;the best they can without hope '6f ! additional.'state revenue soon. He made the statement four hours after the leg- isjalure ended a special session without providing appreciably more money and colleges'. schools ' Rep. E. C. (Tcok) Gathings of. West Memphis said in his weekly ] news letter today that if Gen.' 'Douglas MacArthur's urging that •Chinese Nationalist troops be used - in Korea hart been Deeded. ;i re- flation policy could, have been put - into effect long ago and "war-weary Gl's could have been brought back to America on extended furloughs." Chiang Kai-shek's forces now stationed on Formosa number 500,030 to 600,000, Rep. Gathings said. IL was the general's views on use of Nationalist troops that contributed to his dismissal by President Truman. Criticizing the "firing" action. Rep. G a things said: "President Truman abruptly dismissed General MacArthur without as much as giving him an opportunity to express himself on the questions at Issue. Any person who occupies a ' in preparation for a mammoth high pcltion in the government, of | spring offensive by the Reels. He McMath, who called the special session primarily for more revenue for educational purposes, said there wouldn't be - another one. In a formal statement, McMath said he was requesting the Legislative Council to organize a committee to study school needs "and to make recommendations (presumably at Ihe 1953 General Assembly) tor an educational program that we can support." Surveys Suggested He suggested similar surveys In local school districts. McMath said an additional 58.500.000 yearly is needed from state sources to carry on the current school program. "This revenue will not be available," he said. "The school districts will have to take thp cut and plan accordingly-" McMath pointed out that state- supported colleges and the University of Arkansas "do not have any source of local revenue to compensate for the loss of state funds." The governor criticized some legislators, not identified by name, who he said had reneged on committ- ments to money. find additional school the United Stales Is entitled to the Weather Arkansas forecast: Partly cloudy to cloudy with scattered showers COOLER today and tonight and cooler tonight. Missouri forecast: Partly cloudy tonight, colder southeast portion: Friday mostly cloudy and colder; low tonight 30-35 extreme northwest to 45 southeast; high Friday 50-55. Minimum this morning—54. Maximum yesterday—76. Sunset today—6:35. Stmri.sc tomorrow—5:2J, Precipitation 21 hours to 7 a.m. today—none. Total since Jan. 1—17.22. Mean iemi>eralure Cmidway be- tvsvi'n high nnd tow) — 65. Normal mean temperature for April—61. Tliii Dale U»bt Vcar Minimum this morning—50. .Maximum yesterday—80. Precipitation January to this date —27.15. being concentrated in Manchuria I He said: "I was requested to call this (special) session by a majority of the members of the General Assemadded: "General MacArthur took the po- iitjon that it was time to remove the shackles which has been imposed on his operations. That i.s why he asked authority to bomb the Manchurian supply bases and communication centers. He wauled to break the stalemate"and end the war. Secretary Acheson and President Truman did not agree with him." bly, nil of whom dedicated themselves to providing funds for schools See DISTRICTS on rage 5 Legislature's Inaction Stymies District Here, The Arkansas Legislature's, failure to provide Ihe revenue asked for education purposes has left directors of the Blytheville School District with no immediately a[>parenl way to overcome a shortage of funds needed to complete the current school year. Max B. Reid, president of the HlyMicville School District board of | directors, said today that exact re- suits of legislative action during :he special session "being uncertain, we don't know what to do." "We are approaching the time when our money i.s going to run out." Clouding the situation is the uncertainty as to whether the Slate Board of" Education can or will transfer $1.500.000 from tlte revolving loan fund to the public school fund, he said. Until this is determined, Mr. Reid explained, it will not be known whether the Blythcvllle district will come out about $18,000 short or only about $2,000 short. State Hoard to Meet April 30 The Slate Board ol Education ii not scheduled to meet until April 30. Mr. Reid said the district will be ."hoit about half of its May teacher payroll. Should the state New York Stocks 1:30 p.m. Quotations: AT&T Amer Tobacco Anaconda Copper Bsth Steel Chrysler Coca Cola ,... Gen Electric Gen Motors .. Montgomery .Ward ..... N V Central ...... Tnt, Harvester 4 J C Penney ..,, Republic Slert Radio Socony Vacuum ..... Striidcbakcr Standard of N J Texas Corp ,Sears .. U S Steel Long Silence From Affray Cuts 'All Practical Hope' for Men PORTSMOUTH, Kny. t April 13. i\ rescue ship marie contact lo- riay willi an object which mlglil be the submarine Affray, trapped on (lie boUom of llic Knplish Channel, hut Uie Mlmirnlilv salil it had MUlr hope any nf llic 75 officers and men abftard were slill alive. 153 3-4 , 64 1-2 42 j PORTSMOUTH, Eng., April 19.— 51 1-4 81 116 1-4 55 1-2 53 1-4 72 5-B 70 1-2 34 5-8 66 1-2 44 1-R 19 3-R 28 3-4 32 5-B 108 7-8 96 1-8 55 3-4 (4 1-1 Southern Pacific 663-4 </Pj—Long silence from Ihe bottom of the English Channel cut all practical hope today for the rescue ol 75 men entombed In the lost British submarine At fray. The British Admiralty ,sald this morning 1 that it had received no reports to justify hopes that the men ahoard the sunken sub might ^lUi he found nlivo. Admiralty expen.s MI id the submarine's oxygen Miputy had l)eeii enough for only 48 hours—a deadline that passed at 8:15 p.m. Greenwich time 12:15 p.m. CST),yeMcrr day. It was exactly two days earlier that the big .submarine dived on maneuvers atid mysteriously set- tled to the bottom in some 200 feet of water. But the Admiralty said the hunt would go on. An armada of 34 ships prowled over the Channel .surface this morning, searching lor .some sign that would pinpoint ju.st where the Atfray lay. The search has been extended to [he sea bed JUelf where the Admiralty .^aid it \va.s, sweeping the bottom with a dragnet of chains, wires and net.s. But there was no definite indication where any rescue operations should begin. Faint underwater telegraphic lapping heard yesterday have not been received since. Th. Admiralty said, however, II was confident the search wi.s being concentrated in Ihe right spot— .cnulliueM of the Isle of Wight, 40 to 50 miles from Portsmouth. Th c AI f ra y sen t a si gn a 1 [ r o m there Monday nighl- to report, It was about to make a practice dive. It was to surface Tuesday morning to report again. But the all clear signal never came. board clarify the transfer from the evolving loan fund, thai would eave only two weeks for any local nbscription drive to obtain needed unds. An appropriation of $500.000 has had the effect of reducing the local hortage from 547.000 to $4J,OQG. Money from the revolving , loan und, Hie district's share of anticipated revenue from siiles lax np- >lication lo hotel and tourist court charges, and use of the district'* escrve funds all would reduce the ocal shortages to about $2,000 Without money from the revolving can fund, the shortage here would remain al about $18,000. Money May Not Kxhl fie added that it has been pointed out thai there may not be $1.500,000 in Ihe revolving loan lund and that neither the hill c^Ung for ib sales tax application to hotels nor the one authorizing transfers from the revolving loan fund have been signed by the governor yet. Graduation of seniors Irom Bly- [hevilte High School is set for May 25. Mr. Reid explained, hut teachers must be paid for the full month of May in order to give them a full nine months 1 salaries. Teachers are paid on a calendar month basis from September through May. inclusive, he said. Mr. Reid said the legislature's \vhere he received a titmultous welcome on ii(s return to this country foi the ffr.st time in 11 years, Ailhur had disclaimed any • pirattons i ,g? Vc\d the &an ninclsclal . hoped nl name never would fie luseU.in'a political way and he did not intend to run for any political office. *' . General Develops Views Developing his views on what this country's Par Eastern policy should he, MacArlhur told Congress by way of background that "the people of Asia found ^their opportunity 'n the war Just past to throw off lie shackles of colonialism and now see the dawn ol new opportunity, a icrctoforc unfelt dignity, ami the self-respect of political freedom." "Mustering half of the earth's xipulalion, and 60 per cent of itA lalural resources." he continued. 'these peoples are rapidiy consolidating a new force, both moral and material, with which to raise the iving standard and the adaption of the design of modern progress Lo their own distinct cultural environments." MacArlhur turned Mien to strategic conceptions. He said the KF/niKNING HKKO— Gen. Douglas MacArthur nnd party siep down from the general's lians-Pnclfic plnne "Bataan," Mrs. MacArthur smiles. In foreground as son, Arthur, follows his father down plane ramp. ' '*" CAP Wifcphoto). Pacific Is n shield for all the Americas nml all free lunds of the Pacific ocean area. 'We control H to the shores of Asia by a chain of islands extending In an arc from the Aleutian to the Mariannas, held by us am our free allies." he continued. "From this island chain we cat dominate with sen nnO nir power every Asiatic port from Vladivostok Sec OLD SOLDIKK on PJIRC 5 Aims at Pacific Defense WASHINGTON, April 19. (AP)— The administration htu> laid down three point "program of action" designed to combat communism , in Asia nnd protect the Pacific Islands. ' Tlu! plan was outlined in part yesterday by President Tntman, In [Illing in detail last night. Secretary of Stale Achcson urged the nation to "hold n steadfast course It] Korea" and steer clear of any idea of extending the conflict there. Achcson made this pica on the eve of the in-rival here of Gen. Douglas MncAiihur. MacArthur was relieved of his Pacific commands when the President decided the general's policy views were not :i accord with his own. MacArlhur favored iiir slrlkcs at Communist installalions and supply lines In Manchuria, and Ihe xisc of Chinese Nationalist troops rigalnst the Chinese Reds. Mr. Truman and Ills advisers contended these moves might touch oft World War III. Kremlin "Responsible" Achcson said last night. In speech to the Women's National Press Club, that if there i.s any widening of the Korean fighlinK llic Kremlin and Red China must be held responsible. "The American people v. r ill never choose this course." ho declared "They will not fall Into the trap U.S. Is Under Imminent Threat Of War, Gen. Ridgway Declares failure lo vote added school funds special session lc(t him disappointed but grateful if) the Mississippi County delegation for Irylng to do what It could." Marogon to Tell Of Surplus Trade •WASHtNGTON, April 19. UV Jolin Maragon. who once had While House entry, lells a Confjrcsslon.i Commillcc to<lny uriat he know: abcnil GeorKe Dauson, a big Kn^- lish iradcr in American military surplus equipment. Kep. Banner (D-NO) said Maragon wa.«. appearing before a House Expenriilures Subcommittee *l his own request. Senators Soy Russia ! rVou/d Bomb Capital WASHINGTON. April 19. (/TV— Sponsors bf a Senate bill to move at least 4f>.00fl government workers out of Washington say Ihal Ilussia las atom bombs and the planes to use them against the United States. And Senator Holland <D-Fla>, floor manager for the bill, told the | Senate yesterday Hussla "would not i hesitate to drop Ihe bombs on Washington"—without a declaration of war or any kind of warning. 't'iic Senate ftRiccd to begin' voting on the measure next Monday. Several Republicans indicated they wore opposed to the bill, cither on economy grounds or because they did not believe the proposed dispersed buildings would be far enough outside Washington. Senator McKarland ID-Ariz), the Supreme Commander Inspects Garrison I -seeming to choose it." Without direct, criticism of the Icposeil Far East commander or ils proposals Achcson declared that .0 extend the lighting would "grave- 'y imperil world peace." The projected Par EaUern program called for: ' 1. A prolmbly uelense "arrangement" among the'U. S., Australia ind New Zealand. Mr. Truman an- tounccri in a statement that he directed Achcson, Secretary ot Defense Marshall and Ambassador John Foster Dulles to continue ne- KOtlations In this direction whilo working out a Japanese peace treaty. Atlantic Tact as AIndel The President told newsmen laler the agreement would lie modelled on the North Atlantic Pact pledge to regard-an attack on one country as an attack on all. 2. Increased elforls to help Asian countries .strengthen their Independence and achieve relief from poverty, by such means as Marshall Plan aid, technical assistance and the emergency wheat shipment to India. Achcson forecast that Congress soon will be asked lo approve other measures, which he did not explain. 3. Continuing determination to punish aggression In Korea. Acheson snld tlie Communists already have been blocked In their drivs for a quick victory there. Carter's Grocery Building SKNDAr. Japan, April 19. lif, — today that the United Stales is "uri-! dcr imminent threat (it v,nr." | Carter's Grocery on North High- On his first inspection trip asj way fll hiui moved Into new quar- supremc commander. Ridgu-ay told! tcrs ' ' r!lc S ro[:cr J' moved into a ne\7 the 223rd FU-gimcnt. of California's' concrete block building just north newly arrived Wlh Division: ] of the eld building early last weefc. "To all Intents and purposes | Mr. and Mrs. Russell Carter, who you're here in viar. "We stand'under the threat or leashed at the time and place of choosing of other people. ... I "However good you think you are.', and I know you are good, you've sot I a long way lo go to reach the stan- I dard of veteran (American) seasoned combat troops who arc jn.it across i the water. T am confident you'll use! May every minute ol lhr> time you've got I July because you don'l know and 1 don't'Oct. V.now when the chips will Ire J have operated a grocery slorc heie .mmincnt j or some'time, own Carter's Groc- jcry. . ( „ majority leader. lo,d a icportcr he | The 20l) . mi|c ^ , Tokyo presumed ihe measure would pass was unprecedented, ncn. MarAr-' New York Cotton Open High Low 1:30 453!) 4S39 4539 4539 H81 4488 4481 4485 M79 3082 3Q69 3973 3919 3D26 3914 3917 3905 3916 3905 3»9 Tlic measme would move 20,000 employes out into the suburbs of WnsliiiiRIOTi in I'lur buildings To Ire Lonstnalcd nl » "jM of 4107,000.000 including bislivays and communications. The bulldliws would IK In to 20 miles out of the city. H also would mo'. e at least 25.000 workers to permanent offices in other cities. ] ttuir never livpcclccl a Japan ! rUon outside Tokyo. Soybeans May 333 July 333 Sep 325 Nov 303',v Lou m 321'. 353'a CH-e 133 333 3?!'; 2931, N. 0. Cotton Open High Low 1:30 May , . 4539';4539 4539 4539 July 4478,4482 4479 4479 Oct'. I'SSiS' 3971 3936 3960 Dec. , .....'. 3S06 3915 3503 3906 Mt.r 3904 3917 39(H 5915

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