The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 13, 1951 · Page 4
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Friday, April 13, 1951
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tAGB TOUH BLYTHF/vTLLE, (ARK.) COURIER »H1 BLYTHEVILLE COURIER Nk)WS TM COURIER NIWS CO. R. W. HAINCS, PublUhtr •AMY A. RAINES, Assistant Publisher 'A. A. raCDRICKSON, Editor PAUL D. HUUAN. Advertising Man»ter •elt National AdrertUlnj Representatives: W«ll»« Wttmer Co., New Tork, Chicno .Dttrolt AtUnU, Entered u second elu< matter it the post- ottlc* it BlytheTille, Arkinsas. under »cl oJ Con, October t, 1S17 Member of The Associated Press SUBSCRIPTION RATES: *7 carrier In the cltj ol Blj-thevllle or inj •uburbtn town when carrier sen-Ice li mjln- Ulned, ase per week By mill, within i radius oJ 5« miles IS.OO per year, »1.50 tor six months, tl.2f> (or three months; b» mail outside 50 miU lone. »12.50 per year payable IB advance. Meditations The God of our fathers raised up .Irsus. whnm ye slew ant) hanged on a tree.—Arts 5:30. * * * You may b* a dreadful failure. Christ IB » divine success. ''Who shall lay anything to th« charge of Ood's elect! It is God that Justificth." —Edward Thomson. Barbs An enlarged vocabulary and a vacant feeling inside are two of the early symptoms of love. * • + Handbags with aulomallr. llflil hullis may he popular, bul why do« my (Toman want anybody U> Me all Trial Junk? * • • A native of India ha.s a t3-inch moustache. What a strain It must be—especially during the •oup course. , ' Many a rookie ballplayer has his back to the w»U durtnj aprlnj- training. Laler on—back lo the bnshe*. * • • Coif ii the third most dangerous sport, according to statistics. Watch out [or the broken bottles at the 19lh hole, men! Europe Will Still Need EGA Funds for Defense Shortly President Truman will ask Congress for more economic aid to Eu-rope under the EGA program. On April 1 we entered the fourth year of the Marshall Plan, which is scheduled to be concluded on the same date in 1952. There's always been bitter" opposition to the program on Capitol Hill, and it will be stiffer than ever this time. For Mr. Truman's influence and prestige among- the lawmakers appears to be at an all-time low, On • strictly recovery basis, the opponents will find more support than usual in the current European statistics. Overall industrial production in Western Em-ope is running 40 'per cent above 3938, the'last full prewar year. Trade among these countries also is tip <IO pel- cent, and exports to the rest of the world have jumped 50 per cent above 1038. The story isn't quite so bright on the farm front, wilh agricultural output only ni ne per cent higher than 1938 and food supplies about even with prewar levels. Britain already has ended its dependency on EGA funds. France is nearly as well off relative to prewar days, and Italy is pushing ahead to new high's. Only Western Germany has not yet matched prewar output—it is producing but 95 per cent of IflSS. But production there is sharply up since 1917. If this is the picture, you may ask, what Difference would it make if ECA funds'were pared to the hone this year? There's one big reason: Henceforth ECA will be largely devoted not to recovery but to beefing up the defense establishments of the Xorlh Atlantic treaty countries. Every dollar used to sponsor European arms production ought to mean a dollar t saved on arms output in the United Stales. We're putting up the money in either case. But by assisting Western Europe to arm itself we're encouraging the kind of self-reliance that the Atlantic nations must ultimately display if they are to be stable elements in a peaceful work!. But even if there were no defense goals to give ECA new purpose, it could be fairly argued that it would be unwise to chop off Marshall Plan'aid simply because most of the beneficiaries were showing distinct signs of restored health. In the first place, the program was authorized originally by Congress to cover four years, and that deadline is almost 12 months off. Secondly, the choice of a four-year period was arbitrary. Obviously, recovery can't he expected to proceed wilh equal speed in all areas. Where it proves necessary to continue Rid spmewhal longer, there can be no •ound objection to it—unless tht nation 5n question h»« been derelict In Itg own responsibilities under the program. The Marshall Plan stands as one of the finest experiments in international cooperation and assistance that the world has ever seen. In its final recovery stages »nd its new defense phase, it merits the same sensible support from Congress that it has mustered tip to now. Russia Would Veto This Proposal Senator Robert Kerr, Democrat from constitutionally dry Oklahoma, wants to see cocktail parties banned as a Washington practice. He Ihinks the capital guzzles too much hard liquor and that it dulls the wits and clouds the vision of men who ought to be al their best hi these times. If capital hosts and hostesses should follow his suggestion, (here'd probably have to be a boost in Moscow's budget for espionage. All reports indicate thai the Russifies' agents pick up more free informalion at Washington parties than they could ever hope lo get from cloak- and-clagged sleuthing. Views of Others Just Sentences for The Three Traitors Became they are a merciful people, most Americans licrhaps were shocked when they first learned that Julius Hoscjibcrg and his tvife, Ethel, have been sentenced to die In the electric chair. But sentiment should not be permitted to obscure the stark truth about thtse traitors. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted of passing atomic secrets lo Russia. We may assume that those secrets aided the brutal Soviet masters lo develop a means Ior mass destruction. Every Intelligent American should be aware novr that his family and friends and lie himself may die some day in an atomic ^blast made possible to some degree by IJicsc two" traitors. Shed no tears Ior them. Their names will b« mentioned by future generations in the same breath with that of Benedict Arnold. There U no mercy for the cold-blooded murdered who slew three Innocent children when he walks to death In the electric chair. There should be no weaping lor two person.? whose treachery threatens the lives of tens of thousands of American children. , Who besides himself knows the tortures of conscience that Federal Judge Irving B. .Kaufman underwent before he passed sentence on these two traitors? Tliere was an Undertone of anguish to hi* stern words when he said that he had "searched the records *nd my conscience for some reason for mercy, but I am convinced th«l I would violate the trust placed In me if 1 showed any leniency to the. Rosenbergs." And then he told the m: "Plain, deliberate murder is dwarfed by your acts." They have been ordered executed sometime In the week beginning May 21. In the ensuing period, we may expect to see Communists throughout the land throw the full weight of their pressure groups against public opinion and the court*. It is doubtful that thty will succeed in martyrizing the two Rosenbergs | n the eyes of the people of the United state,, who «em now to be aware that tender treatment of subversive elements can be their own downfall. Judge Kaufman', » c tion ilsflf so indicates and it should sem to put the Communist masters on notice that this nation now intends to ferret out the trailers who endanger our free existence and punish them as they deserve The Rosenberg case could be sufficient evidence to other Russian spies of the treatment they may- expect henceforth. Morton sobcll, cottefenrj.nl wilh lhe R« en bergs, was sentenced to 30 years' imprisonment, which we presume, or at least, hope, was n le maximum punishment allowed for his act* And what of uavid Grcciiglaa, Mrs. Rosenberg's brother? If a is ^m* [or anybody to be lower Ihsn the two Roswibsrgs, he 1.,. He not only betrayed his country. He also sold out hi, own sister by becoming the prosecution's chief witness. Not because he suddenly felt a loyally to the United Stales, but to save his own treacherous hide. Judge Kaufman Indicates lliat the law as presently worded, provides that persons convicted in peacetime o( transmitting atomic secrets ";i bt given , maximum sentence of only 20 years. Congress should consider immediately the >lrcngilienl, lg ol this law , o inciudt the death sentence, which the Rosenbergs were given because Ihcir acts WMC commined during wartime Capital punishment should be provided also for those who convey vital secrets to our «,«„,„ | n peacetime. The hour has struck for this nation to lake drastic measures, as it has done In the c«e of .he Rosenbergs, to insure the future free existence of the American people. —ATLANTIC JOURNAL 5O THEY SAY We weren't thinking of A-bombs when n« built so much of our borough VMJI, rigid concrete and .steel frame structures, bin (hat we built better than we knew n« Dm, (ully demonstrated in Japan, in England and on the continent.—Robert W. Uowllng. borough defense chairman, New York. * * * It stems to be the fashion to consider tile people of Asia at of very hide use whea they arc on your side. But as soon as they »re under Communist control. Western opinion clunges.- Pyo Wooli H«n, first secretary it Kor«»n «mb»sif. According to How You Look at It >; - FRIDAY, APRIL 13, Citizens Perturbed Over Gen. MacArthur By UcH'ITT .M AP Foreign Affalri The average citizen probably Is finding it difficult to view dispassionately president Truman's ouster of General MacArthur, As an admirer of MacArthur's great military record, which tives umnist can understand the average Petcf Ed son's Washington Column German Plan to Give Labor Shar In Management Is Considered WASHINGTON fNEA) — Halfway between U. S. capitalism and British Socialism, a new economic system Is emerging In West Germany. The German name for it is 'mltbestimmung." Translaled. it means, "co-delerminalion." What I involves Is equal representation >f union labor and management on the boards of directors of german corpora lions. Although U. s. newspapers are ~~ Just beginning to show Interest in co - d c termination. State Department and Marshall Plan officials dealing with Germany have been awnre . "' it ana have Peter Edson watched il closely. More recently, representatives of U, S. labor unions and management groups have begun to study II. Clinton Golden. retired CIO Sicelworkcrs' official and a former Marshall Plan labor adviser in Europe, has Just rerurned from an examination ol this new industrial management machinery in Germany. He declare.? that, the equal share in representation by German workers carries with it an equal responsibility for improvement in ail aspects of industry. National Association of Manufacturers Is also concerned over lhe possible spread of co-determination from Germany to the rest of the world. Eldvidge Kayncs. publisher of "Modern Industry" and president of lhe National Management Council, is now in Germany for N. A. M. ins mission is lo study ro- determination, find the reasons behind. It what it's trying | o achieve and If possible help find what olh- er solutions might be possible. U. S. Labor Wants "Co-nelerminatlon" In Defense. Immediate importance of co-determination to the United SUtei Is thai this Is more or less what the United Labor policy Committee is trying to obtain in the American defense program. Instead of seeking co-determination at the Individual corporation • management I level, however, the U. s. union of- j ficials want It In government. They want to be co-managers of the American rearmament- program with Defense Mobilizer C. E. "wll- son. Up to now, U. S. unions have marie no move for an equal share in the responsibilities of industrial management. In defense of co-determination, Germans say II Li an answer to the threat of communism. It b also claimed to be a better answer to communism and socialism than nationalization of industry, as under lhe Labor government of England. It would still leave some vestiges of private enterprise systems. .Students of the history of the co- determination movement say it is not new. it first appeared under the Weimar Republic of Germany alter World War I. At thit time, some German industries put one or two representatives of the unions on their boards of directors. But they were concerned only with working conditions. On larger questions of sales policy or financial management, lhe union men were excluded from the board meetings. Hitler suppressed this "Economic Democracy" as it was then called. Hitler also killed off the unions themselves. AltT World War II German labor union movements were reorganized. In 1846, the British, who controlled the Ruhr industrial area, granted the unions equal representation with management on the boards of directors of the 21 new steel cotnpinies they were trying to form outside the old cartels. Each board was given a neutral chairman. Gradually this type of organization was extended to coal. When the Allied High Commission /or Western Germany was formed last year, it passed a law authorizing reorganization of these temporary companies. Then the fun began, German labor unions insisted that their co-determination rlghl.-i be extended to the new management. In January they threatened « strike If they didn't get It. German Chancellor Adenauer assumed the role of mediator and avoided the strike. But a new law, authorizing co-determination, was introduced in the Bungcstag—the we,st German parliament at Bonn. This law was passed on first reading and referred to committee. Here it has met opposition and several efforts to get the bill out of committee have failed. A showdown will come .won. The tl. s. government has kept its hands out of the fight, believing that this Is a problem the Germans must solve for themselves. American Industrialist,! agree that any interference by U. S. High Commissioner John J. McCloy would be regarded ss American 1m- periallsii. U. S. businessmen as Individuals, however, tried to persuade the Germans to go slow on this new economic policy. As Leo Aeplow of N. A. M. headquarters in New York explains. Ihey are convinced that the system won't work. They say It will discourage American investment In German enterprises. IN HOLLYWOOD B.v EKSKI.-VK JOH.VSO.V NHA Slaff Correspondent —^—^—^—^_^^-«^_ around Ior him to steal now ntur As Irene Ryan srrs it: "Men always make passes al girls who drain glasses." He.lv l.amarr hearts for Europe, soon on a "rombinrrl business and Dlcasurr trip." . . . p rC jli, n Slllrgcs >s vyilins a honk. "Tile Care and '•ceding nf Crrdllor.v" . Ellen Drew's TV debut in "Hnllvwond !«•<•!" tavr her (he hu 5 . Nnw" she'll slar In the half-hour vWro film, See IIOLLVWOOD on !'a S e 6 HOLLVWOOD — (NEA)— Exclll- I sively Yours: Hollywood's "movies- 1 are-gel tins-better-than-cvn-" campaign has a hush-hush follow-up— movir stars must be better than evrr. Off screen, lliat is. Waving morality clauses In studio contract*, Hollywood's o«'n !e- Kion of decency is on the march io corral the screen's "lost riicnity." All of the major studios nuletly' have, advised contract, stars "lo stay out of the headlines" and "act like nor-1 nisi human beings," Two threat* of breaking rontrarls! for morality reasons already have I been nude. Jnnel Leish denies it and Gloria de Haven denies il, bul insiders insist there was friction between them during (lie making of "Two Tickets j to Broadway." Two of Janet's songs were given lo Gloria. There's a louchr Ihcme In th* "rw Jascnh Bcrnh.ird-.Anson Bond Hand From 1930 a r.I whn brims home a .lapancse' 1 he approach nf the Ohio State war bride, slilrley Vam.isMch.!. Mp. Tournament (which will be. played POMS Brlty f.rjble. «ill star. (in Cleveland at the end of April) "'Kinds me o[ a hand lhat the late .tantt Oaynor had two picture F Lollls Wi| t«>n played In this same! oilers following her radio version I amuial tournament m»ny years I of "Srvcnih Heaven" with Charles; 1 ? <1 - ' rarrrll. But she still insists she's i North's bid ol two no-trump not interested in returning to lhe' ><o»Id not be made by an expert in '•"""" j modern ccmpclition. In 1030. when I lnw na "d was played, such bids— Sign outside Gig Youns's dress- j wUl1 °"e Mill wide open—were nuitc common. The defenders quickly rallied off three heart tricks against Watson's final contract of four spades. West won lhe third round of hcarls and fed a club, sfler which It was up to Watson to take LHe rest of the JACOBY ON BRIDGE B.v OSWALD JACOitV Wrilten for .NEA Service He took the club with dummy's kiiie and led a spade to his ace. Not suspecting the bad trump break, declarer continued with the king of spades. When West discarded a heart Watson realized that lie would have to execute a double Irump coup in order to make his contract. He led his remaining club to dummy's ace and niffed a club in his own hand. Then he !ed the five of diamonds. If West had been a really bril- * 83 ¥ J75 » AJ32 * AK.92 TKQIOt ».Q986 AQ105 I SOUTH (O) A AKQ1076 V932 *K5 + 88 Both vol. South West N'orth I * Pass 2 N.T. 3 A Pass 3 N.T. 4 4* Pass Pass Opening lead—* K 1.1 EAST 4J952 ¥ ASS » 1074 + J73 East Pass Pass Pass ins room attcr a" long love scene with Vnglnla Giey: "Temporarily Out of Ardor." That 30-year i-ontract Milion Bfrle just signed mti, , VB c. savs Alan Wilson, will never work out. .u »•» Ther« Just Isn't Ih.U muih material ] tricks. li.inl player, he would have put up his fiueen. However, West made ;he routine play of a low diamond, and and the Jack of diamonds wai finessed from dummy.*" Tills "unnecessary'* finesse created an extra entry to ciummy. Walson rutted dummy's last club and then led (lie king of diamonds to dummy's ace. At this point, East's tv;o remaining cards were the Jack and nine of spades, while South had the queen and ten of spadei. N'o mat- Sunday School Lesson / »>• WILLIAM E. C1LROV, D.D. Horace Greeley advised young men to go West, while our American West was still comparatively unsettled. But ages before Oreeley. or the existence of our American Continent was even suspected, a young man in the far-off Eastern country of Ur In Chaldea heard an Inward voice urging him lo go West, and he set out for distant Palestine tine. So Abraham was not just, »n ambitious young man, seeking to strike out for himself, find attain material success in a new land of opportunity. There was a deeper meaning to his leaving home and his quest. Apparently that environment was idolatrous, but Abraham had a. vision Jf a spiritual God. His quest was for a new environment 'of life and faith. It Is often suggested that the Qod of the early Israelite* was a tribal deity; but there. Is something larger and finer In the God of Abraham. Two passages, at least make this plain. Abraham's prayer for Sodom (Genesis 13:23-33) reveals a high conception of God, a Being with whom man could reason In the faith that the God of all the earth would do right. And only a man with a high moral sense, with a vision of a good God, could have ncted as Abraham did In the matter of the threatened strife with Lot. Many correspondents have inquired about my rhymed : 'Uroduc- tion to the Bible. (I "itloned some time ago that T ha- written one for my grandchild.) It will he some time before It Is In print, but the following extract may be of Interest: This Abraham wa* & man of prate. Willing his Interest to release. If Iherrhr he cniild peace attain; While lot wujht all he iwuld lo gain. In thai rtaj- wraith ITM foonrf In cattle. And herdsmen ntt were wont to battle Tor pasture; and for walerlnr places— A cause of strife arnonr »11 races. When Abraham law his men, and Lot's 1" strife about the choicest spots, He said to Lot, "Let nn strife b« , Of herdsmen, Between (he« and me." ^ And looking over all the plain, Abraham said to him main: "If vnu 50 east, then I'll jn west; If west jroa choose, I'll lake the rest." And so (he peace was won lhal (lily, If warring men look Abraham's ivay. The wnrlrt mtgrhl have an ife of peace; Perhaps forever wars might cease' From strife might fin* a welcome calm by catrhinj up wilh Abraham. IS Years Ago In Blytheville BUI Gilbert manager of Bast Arkansas Builders Supply soflball team has announced that he has traded pitcher Kenneth Bali to Ark-Mo for fielding a nrt hitting ace, E. B Thomas. Doyle Henderson will take office tomorrow as municipal court Jtidgr. Tie marriage of Miss Margaret Burns and Elcue Tyrone was solemnized Easter Sunday »t the First Church of (he Nazarene. '«*• what was led from dummy, South could win both of the remaining tricks. him » high place among the famous generals in history, your col- citlzen-s position. Like many of my readers, i wish that the chief executive could have found some other method of solving his problem, btill, we are bound to recocnize hat Mr. Truman did have a prob* lem This was, as he states. Mac-, Arthurs failure to give "whoiijf fcMrtttl support to the policies of the united Stales government." That brings us lo the pith of th* A IK <i omro ««y- Even if MacArthur disagreed militarilv with his instructions, he had no' right to refuse to comply, because under he Constitution the President Is the commander in chief of all (he armed forces. But, you demand, supposing MacArthur relt sure he was courting s rulr '" '°" OW «'"""«'<>» instructions, must he still "carry on!" f>o. he could express his views lo the president and if lhat didn't work he could resign his command down "" l ° America Ior a show-' Failure It Dangerous Pallure to suport administration policies, however, would ix> dan- serous and might be disastrous un- «r our form of government the President and his secretary of state are responsible for foreign policies and some highly important ones' Sons Ved '" ' he ^iatic oper" For example. Iwo of our great European Allies. Brilain and Frfnce, who have vital interests In the Par East, have been greatly worr'ediii- oi'er some of MacArlhur's unauthor-P ized pronouncements, one of these was the commander's advocacy of using Generalissimo Chiang Kai- shek's large^ army of Nationalist troops on Formosa for an Invasion or continental Red China London and Paris protested to Wasnmglon against pursuing any such program, on the ground that •t would be likely to precipitate an all-out war with China, backed by Soviet Russia. This likely would mean World War HI. And on that nasis America turned thumbs down on the adventure. One of Incidents This was only one of numerous incidents which bad plagued the Washington administration, and its Al les. MacArlhur's views that Asia, rather than Europe. Is the paramount theatre in the struggle against bolshevism has caused grievous heart-biirnlngs among ths Western democracies. And this na- urally has presented a threat to Che solidarity of the elaborate defense system which the democracies have established in Western Europe. So, even if MacArthur has been right m his military judgment, he has been wrong in not deferring-; {by Washmglon. The sum and' tofal of this imbroglio is that some distrust ^, and discontent was created among W the Western -Allies, much to the gratification of Russia. Britain's reaction to the firing of MacArthur has been an expression of relief by British officials who hold that lhe chances for making peace with Red China in Korea have been Improved. There was similar comment in much of Europe. Contrnversy Not Ended And does this end the con!ro- versy? Apparently not. for Senator Wherry (R-Neb) has announced that MacArthur agreed in a telephone conversation to appear at i joint session of Congress and discuss his dismissal by the President. A joint session still has to be arranged. Such a development mus!-, of course, add fuel to an already not lire. Recognition of this appa'rent- lr was in the mind of General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Atlanlic Pact commander, whesi he expressed lhe hope in Coblenz. Germany, that MacArthur wouldn't return io th» Uniled States and become the center of controversy and acrimony. Eisenhower and MacArthur. by the ^i way, are old friends as well n» ™ comrades at arms. Whether MacArthur's appearance before Congress would be wise may oe a matter ol debate. It might help clarify the situation for that average citizen with whom we started our column. Famous Statue Answer to Previous Puzzls HORIZONTAL 1 Depicted famous statue, "The Wounded ^ Its sculptor was Randolph 13 Sitting c> Possess 9 Earth goddess 1™*.% 10 Abstract being ~ iicalm- .OArmvomcer »^™ Mexll( , 20Ye«l <«y, VERTICAL 1 Tristan's beloved 2 British mathemaliclan 3 Hebrew tribe I Preposition 5 Land measure 6 Close 7 Fury 24 Immerses 42 Ahove , 26 Spile 43 Burden ' 33 The sculptor 44 Not (prefix) also executed 45 Pips the doors -ifi Pay attention of the U.S. 49 Seed vessel Capitol 51 Witty saying 34 Wound 53 Greek letter I 35 Stoat 55 World War II' 23 Extinct Mi* """Mimoiet! 27 Soth's son (Bib ) 28 Created . 30 Indian 31 Compass point 32 "Smallest State" (ab ) 33 Internal decay in fruit 35 Chills 3ft Repose 39 Roman emperor 40 Bone 11 Old stone lools 47 Note of leilt 48 Bite 50 Esteem 51 Unit of wire measurement 52 Hummed 54 Depart 56 Last 1 * * " 11 ^ si, to 4 4l 14 si ^ CT ft « w H* %?, ' >u '^ " '.11 * «« li » Dirtied soldier (ab.) fe i u ^ « ^m 1 * $1 n 6 ta * € ' t5 * So il «r VJ w% » 0 a % <k ^ 5J i A * Hl ^ si A

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