Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on October 20, 1984 · Page 22
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

A Publisher Extra Newspaper

Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 22

Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Saturday, October 20, 1984
Page 22
Start Free Trial

A22 REPUBLIC MAIL The Arizona Republic Saturday, October 20, 1984. 'Neutralize' can mean 'eliminate' in CIA book Knlght-Ridder , MIAMI, Fla. A suggestion in a CIA-financed booklet that Nicaraguan rebels "neutralize" Sandinista officials means anything from public .embarrassments to "physical elimination," its publisher said Friday. The publisher, rebel chieftain Edgar Chamorro, acknowledged that guerrillas have "executed" an undetermined number of Sandinista "criminals" and added, "This is war." ' But Chamorro said other booklet suggestions that the rebels "create a martyr" and hire "professional criminals" for special "jobs" were cut out of the publication after it was printed. "We cut out four pages with the condemnable language in almost all of the 2,000 copies printed," said the Miami-based Chamorro, who is publicity director of the Nicaraguan Democratic Force. "We didn't get to about 200." The four pages ripped out were replaced with new pages that did not mention the criminals or the martyr. An uncut version of the 90-page 'contras' CIA- murdered Sandinistas, official reportedly says By ALFONSO CHARDY and JAMES McCARTNEY Knlght-Ridder WASHINGTON - A high-ranking CIA official has told congressional staff members that CIA-supported "contras" in Nicaragua have assassinated many middle- and lower-level Sandinistas, according to congressional sources with access to classified information. The disclosure of the killings was made during a secret briefing late last year for senior staff members of the House Intelligence Committee. Those killed were "civilians and Sandinista officials in the provinces as; well as heads of cooperatives, nurses, doctors and judges," according to a source familiar with the briefing. But the CIA official, Dewey Claridge, former head of the agency's clandestine operations in Latin America, insisted that such killings were not in violation of an executive order signed by President .Reagan forbidding assassinations. ;"After all, this is a war a paramilitary operation," Claridge was quoted as saying. A CIA spokesman said the agency would have no comment. Disclosure of the briefing added fuel to a growing controversy over a CIA maiunl given to the contras, or counterrevolutionaries, that provides detailed instructions on techniques for assassination, blackmail and kidnapping. The manual was prepared last year when Claridge was handling clandestine Latin American operations. Claridge since has been assigned to another high CIA position, but the agency would not disclose his new title. In his briefing, Claridge told the committee staff, "There were no rules, no restrictions and no restraints at all on what the contras did inside Nicaragua," according to one source. Claridge said the term "assassination," by CIA definition, did not apply to killings in Nicaragua. He said, "These events don't constitute assassinations because as far as we are concerned, assassinations are only those of heads of state," Claridge was quoted as saying. "I leave definitions to the politicians." The wording of Reagan's order, signed Dec. 4, 1981, did not appear to restrict the ban on assassinations to high-level officials. It appeared to be a blanket ban. In part, it said, "No person employed by or acting on behalf of the U.S. government shall engage in or conspire to engage in assassinations." An underlying question in a series of investigations clearly will be whether Reagan's massive buildup of CIA covert operations has gotten out of control. The White House said Reagan knew nothing of the manual until he read about it in the newspapers, and White House officials sought to suggest that it was the work of "an overzealous free-lance," a low-level independent employee under CIA contract. One congressional source with access to classified information, however, described the White House explanation as "just B.S." "The standard CIA practice is to contract out a lot of publications and manuals for covert actions," he said. Several former well-placed government officials said they found it hard to believe that high government officials could be unaware of the policies endorsed. Rep. Edward Boland, D-Mass., chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, said the manual proved that the administration's motives in Nicaragua are not, as the administration claims, to halt arms ship-1 ments to Salvadoran guerrillas. "The war is an effort to overthrow the Sandinistas," Boland said. The administration has made a major effort to build up clandestine services of the CIA since taking office in 1981, but, as is always true with the CIA, has declined to make details public. Officials have confirmed, however, that at least 800 staff positions in clandestine services that were cut during the Carter administration have been restored. Since the Carter administration, the CIA budget assigned to clandestine services has increased from about 2 or 3 percent of the overall CIA budget to about 10 percent, according to sources. The congressional source who described the Claridge briefing said, "I believe the White House when they say Reagan didn't know about the manual. "But I'm sure that other people, high-level people . . . certainly knew about it, probably because they approved it. They must have known." That source added, "It seems to me in retrospect that as . . . the covert action gathered steam, no one really established any parameters on the contras. Covert-action people like Claridge ... are not aware of potential legal, diplomatic or political problems with the things they set into motion. "All I can say now is that the CIA was giving us the pablum line that all they sought to do in Nicaragua was put pressure on the Sandinistas to change their policies. "But in reality, putting pressure, (for the) contras, means killing people." I yiiMiHjiytJMMWI'''M Mil 1 1 ST' VEROTHING ON-SALE to S250.600 p;-.--- IN SWEEPSTAKES PRIZES! lagiraira SALE ENDS MON., OCT. 22 plus FREE VACATION AT ONE OF 21 Fabulous Resorts with Purchase of $999 or More Between Oct. 1 2-22. 918 West Camelback Rd. Phoenix, AZ 85013 11 OPEN. MON.,THURS.,FRI. IM OPEN DAILY IM sun m booklet, titled, Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Wars, has created an uproar in Washington, where some congressmen have branded its recommendations "repugnant." President Reagan on Thursday ordered an investigation to determine to what extent the CIA was involved in its production. The booklet's cover shows three rows of human heads in outline, each perforated with a hole. It is signed "Tacayan," a pseudonym for an apparent CIA employee and Nicaraguan slang for a macho man. The booklet recommends black mail to win civilian collaborators, explains how rebels can incite mob violence and lists explanations that rebels can give to townspeople after they shoot a civilian. Although it warns at least twice that captured government officials and civilians should not be harmed, it notes that "carefully selected targets can be neutralized." Chamorro said he was out of Honduras when the final draft of the booklet, which was meant as a . primer for the guerrillas' political cadres, was sent to a Tegucigalpa printer in November. . . "MY ADULT ORGAN CLASSES WILL HAVE YOU PLAYING IN JUST SIX WEEKS..: You'll learn quickly, easily to: -ft-READ MUSIC "A" PLAY CHORDS "A" MASTER RHYTHMS 'ff ENTERTAIN WITH GREAT SONGS SIX ADULT CLASSES FREE BOOKS, MATERIALS & PRACTICE ROOMS E. Phx. 954-8800 PIANO & ORGAN W. Phx. 242-4321 $T95 U ONLY Selected resale organs available at special discounts lor our students. Mesa 833-2332 SINCE .VPRE-GDRISTE3AS Sftli Oil ALL 60AIIDFATI1EH GLOCIiS AT BOTH LOCATIONS 60 MODELS TO CHOOSE FROM SUPER DISCOUNT TO ALL Seth Thomas Ridgeway Howard Miller Colonial Pearl Trend Molyneux ALSO ON SALE Chime Clocks Mantle Clocks Cuckoo Clocks Wall Clocks Weather Instruments and Music Boxes Solid Oak Cabinet Glass on 3 Sides Westminster Chimes W Brass Lyre Pendulum Height -78" Reg. $995 SALE $59900 Includes Delivery and Sel-Up Layaway & Financing $25.00 holds the clock and the price until Christmas. SPECIALISTS IN AKTIQUE CLOCKS AND WATCH REPAIR Our Six Repairmen Haus Over 140 years Experience BATTERY CLOCKS FIXED WHILE YOU WAIT HOUSE CALLS Wl-. rJ .R li n nils, I rs.r u. ... - It ULrLC UUAaI (BA02P nJ .Ml .Ml,. ALLIED CORR NYLON SO. YD. INSTALLED SQ. YD. INSTALLED 70) u fine carpet fashions by -mstrong Beautiful multi-color cut & loop made of 100 Anso IV nylon with Halofresh. 13 rich colors. Reg. 1 7.95 Popular stylish cut-pile saxoy is certain to please you. 100 Anso IV nylon with Halofresh. 28 vivid colors. Reg. 17.95 The carpet that hides footprints. 28 stunning colors to choose from 100 Anso IV nylon. Reg. 19.95 Your best buy! Luxurious multi-tone cut-loop is perfect for every home. 17 expressive shadings. 100 Anso IV nylon with Halofresh. Reg. 19.95 SQ. YD. INSTALLED SQ. YD. INSTALLED INTRODUCING FASHION FLOR in SQ. YD. INSTALLED Now You Can Remodel your Kitchen For $39900 based en 20 yd. room size So it's the perfect time for you to get new Congoeum Fashion Flor. It's the no-wax inlaid vinyl flooring with exclusive Chromabond"8 that resists the worst kind of stains and spills. Before anything goes on your floor, Fashion Flor with Chromabond18 should. But hurry, our special Congoleum sale prices on these slightly irregular patterns are good for a limited time only. Floor prep additional CUSTOM DRAPERIES INCLUDES FABRIC, ROD AND LABOR or m.CenwteA Mfal.tMD lftslMt1M mm 967-8177 VMttlOlwlM MESA ttllLApoct 9842111 Y0UNCT0WNSUNCITV IllMMIriiAvs. 933-8291 602263-9191 fAMILV OWNED 4V PRATtD$iNCf 104. T

Clipped articles people have found on this page

Get access to

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 22,600+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Publisher Extra® Newspapers

  • Exclusive licensed content from premium publishers like the Arizona Republic
  • Archives through last month
  • Continually updated

Try it free