Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on October 20, 1984 · Page 22
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 22

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Phoenix, Arizona
Issue Date:
Saturday, October 20, 1984
Page:
Page 22
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REPUBLIC MAIL The Arizona Republic Saturday, October 20, 1984. A22 'Neutralize' can mean 'eliminate' in CIA book .VPRE-GDRISTE3AS Sftli Oil ALL 60AIIDFATI1EH GLOCIiS AT BOTH LOCATIONS SINCE booklet, titled, Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Wars, has created an uproar in Washington, where some congressmen have branded its recommendations "repugnant." President Reagan on Thursday ordered an investigation to determine to what extent the CIA was involved in its production. The booklet's cover shows three rows of human heads in outline, each perforated with a hole. It is signed "Tacayan," a pseudonym for an apparent CIA employee and Nicaraguan slang for a macho man. The booklet recommends black martyr" and hire "professional criminals" for special "jobs" were cut out of the publication after it was printed. "We cut out four pages with the condemnable language in almost all of the 2,000 copies printed," said the Miami-based Chamorro, who is publicity director of the Nicaraguan Democratic Force. "We didn't get to about 200." The four pages ripped out were replaced with new pages that did not mention the criminals or the martyr. An uncut version of the 90-page mail to win civilian collaborators, explains how rebels can incite mob violence and lists explanations that rebels can give to townspeople after they shoot a civilian. Although it warns at least twice that captured government officials and civilians should not be harmed, it notes that "carefully selected targets can be neutralized." Chamorro said he was out of Honduras when the final draft of the booklet, which was meant as a . primer for the guerrillas' political cadres, was sent to a Tegucigalpa printer in November. . . Knlght-Ridder , MIAMI, Fla. A suggestion in a CIA-financed booklet that Nicaraguan rebels "neutralize" Sandinista officials means anything from public .embarrassments to "physical elimination," its publisher said Friday. The publisher, rebel chieftain Edgar Chamorro, acknowledged that guerrillas have "executed" an undetermined number of Sandinista "criminals" and added, "This is war." ' But Chamorro said other booklet suggestions that the rebels "create a 60 MODELS TO CHOOSE FROM SUPER DISCOUNT TO ALL Seth Thomas Ridgeway Howard Miller Colonial Pearl Trend Molyneux ALSO ON SALE Chime Clocks Mantle Clocks Cuckoo Clocks Wall Clocks 'contras' CIA- Weather Instruments and Music Boxes "MY ADULT ORGAN CLASSES WILL HAVE YOU PLAYING IN JUST SIX WEEKS..: murdered Sandinistas, official reportedly says Solid Oak Cabinet Glass on 3 Sides Westminster Chimes W Brass Lyre Pendulum Height -78" Reg. $995 SALE $59900 Includes Delivery and Sel-Up $25.00 holds the clock and the price until Christmas. 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"The standard CIA practice is to contract out a lot of publications and manuals for covert actions," he said. Several former well-placed government officials said they found it hard to believe that high government officials could be unaware of the policies endorsed. Rep. Edward Boland, D-Mass., chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, said the manual proved that the administration's motives in Nicaragua are not, as the administration claims, to halt arms ship-1 ments to Salvadoran guerrillas. "The war is an effort to overthrow the Sandinistas," Boland said. The administration has made a major effort to build up clandestine services of the CIA since taking office in 1981, but, as is always true with the CIA, has declined to make details public. Officials have confirmed, however, that at least 800 staff positions in clandestine services that were cut during the Carter administration have been restored. Since the Carter administration, the CIA budget assigned to clandestine services has increased from about 2 or 3 percent of the overall CIA budget to about 10 percent, according to sources. The congressional source who described the Claridge briefing said, "I believe the White House when they say Reagan didn't know about the manual. "But I'm sure that other people, high-level people . . . certainly knew about it, probably because they approved it. They must have known." That source added, "It seems to me in retrospect that as . . . the covert action gathered steam, no one really established any parameters on the contras. Covert-action people like Claridge ... are not aware of potential legal, diplomatic or political problems with the things they set into motion. "All I can say now is that the CIA was giving us the pablum line that all they sought to do in Nicaragua was put pressure on the Sandinistas to change their policies. "But in reality, putting pressure, (for the) contras, means killing people." By ALFONSO CHARDY and JAMES McCARTNEY Knlght-Ridder WASHINGTON - A high-ranking CIA official has told congressional staff members that CIA-supported "contras" in Nicaragua have assassinated many middle- and lower-level Sandinistas, according to congressional sources with access to classified information. The disclosure of the killings was made during a secret briefing late last year for senior staff members of the House Intelligence Committee. Those killed were "civilians and Sandinista officials in the provinces as; well as heads of cooperatives, nurses, doctors and judges," according to a source familiar with the briefing. But the CIA official, Dewey Claridge, former head of the agency's clandestine operations in Latin America, insisted that such killings were not in violation of an executive order signed by President .Reagan forbidding assassinations. ;"After all, this is a war a paramilitary operation," Claridge was quoted as saying. A CIA spokesman said the agency would have no comment. Disclosure of the briefing added fuel to a growing controversy over a CIA maiunl given to the contras, or counterrevolutionaries, that provides detailed instructions on techniques for assassination, blackmail and kidnapping. The manual was prepared last year when Claridge was handling clandestine Latin American operations. Claridge since has been assigned to another high CIA position, but the agency would not disclose his new title. In his briefing, Claridge told the committee staff, "There were no rules, no restrictions and no restraints at all on what the contras did inside Nicaragua," according to one source. Claridge said the term "assassination," by CIA definition, did not apply to killings in Nicaragua. He said, "These events don't constitute assassinations because as far as we are concerned, assassinations are only those of heads of state," Claridge was quoted as saying. "I leave definitions to the politicians." The wording of Reagan's order, signed Dec. 4, 1981, did not appear to restrict the ban on assassinations to high-level officials. It appeared to be a blanket ban. In part, it said, "No person employed by or acting on behalf of the U.S. government shall engage in or conspire to engage in assassinations." An underlying question in a series of investigations clearly will be whether Reagan's massive nJ .Ml .Ml,. (BA02P ALLIED CORR NYLON fine carpet fashions by -mstrong Beautiful multi-color cut & loop made of 100 Anso IV nylon with Halofresh. 13 rich colors. Reg. 1 7.95 SO. YD. 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