The Age from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia on October 10, 1950 · Page 1
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The Age from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia · Page 1

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Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
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Tuesday, October 10, 1950
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Page 1
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i:u; just phone and book ' your seat Metropolitan FORECAST- Warm north winds, change ' approaching For FALLING HAIR, NEW SERVICE 3AW-3XY T.U u, H.3, UU p.m. (Aw AlM 4 p.m. Moa. to Frt.. IRA, STB, JSH. Nllhtlf, at It. KLEXENA' TREATMENT brinai results Also lor All Skin ind Scalp Complaint. Acnt ralllni Hair Variwu Ulceri. Seborrhea Eczema Alopecia Dandritfl bmqj rc;rm uermautu. POSTAL ADDRESS: 233 COLLINS-STREET, 0 1. PHONES; M U 91 3 1 (Ten Lines); CLASSIFIES! ADVERTISING, MUM11 (Ten Lines). (or appouumeni. Write lor Booklet or Call at KLEXEMA ROOMS . Irifl Swanston-itreet. Phone C. 913. - Alio at , Baiiarai, unions. Albury, sale ana Sydney. NO. 29.782 (Rfflitrrfa at G.P.O. Melbourne, fori Tratumiwioa bj Post U Ncwptptr. I MELBOURNE. TUESDAY. OCTOBER 1(V 1950 10 PAGES PRICE 3d. upen staiuraay morninici. FIRST. PICTURES FROM KOREA OF VICTORIANS AT THE FRONT feu -.s8jK -&MnM TWO AUSTRALIANS IN A HURRY First picture or Private Ernie Stone (Melbourne) and Private R. Wilson (Adelaide), who left the Australian battalion in Korea to join the Americans in the north "because they wanted to be among: the first across the 38th parallel." (Picture from Korea, by Beam Wireless, via Tokio and San Francisco.) ON PATROL IN TAEGON AREA, where "mopping-up" is still going on. Lett to ;!.. . p.. Hw. Evans, of C'-jtf'foiio, S-..V; l'le. itutn Hoiford, of nfijidsur, ftfet hnurm;; iinv.-r R. bculcel, or Vcnwortb, N.S.W., and Corporal V. VYanl '"'rtp- irii'tnn, N.&.W. ,i- 1 v 1 , J br? (UaJI photo- ""iipkrr oi " 'J'ie ylge" tcitfh the Australians in Korea) and by Associated I'ress of America More Pictures on Page S. FIREMEN MAY GO BACK TODAY Terms to End Strike Drawn Up Preliminary terms for a settlement of the strike by Melbourne firemen were drawn up yesterday, and a resumption of work by firemen is expected within the next 24 hours. The terms involve the appointment of an independent arbitrator to investigate the grievances of the firemen and an immediate resumption of work. They were drawn up at a conference between representatives of the Trades Hall Council's disputes com-' mitree and the Fire Brigades' Board. ; The terms include a provision for resumption of work by firemen without operating the press-button emergency alarms. The. name of the arbitrator will be announced today by tne premier (Mr. McDonald) after the disputes committee discusses the proposed settle-ment terms this morning. The committee will assem- ble at the Trades Hall at 8.30 a.m. The arbitrator will be selected by the committee from a panel of seven names submitted to its representatives yesterday. The firemen will resume work as soon as the name of the arbitrator is announced. The Fire Brigades Board conferred with the disputes committees representatives for neany tnree nours yesterday aiternoon. Both parties agreed to accept any decision reached by the Independent arbitrator as "final." The board assured the T.H.C. representatives that it would permit firemen to re- sume without operating but tons, but stipulated that Bremen must agree to a "certain condition." All dismissal notices would oe witnorawn. This condition is that if the arDitrator nas not Driven n if. cision on the dispute by next Tuesday, firemen in suburban stations must operate the but. tons from that day until he announces nis nndlngs. Promotions May Cause Delay Trade union officials believe this condition will be accented. but that the Question of the promotion of 20 firemen to the rank of officers may be the real stumbling block. The Board remains firm on the . appointment of the offi cers, while the union is call ing for their dismissal or sus pension. The men were promoted when they refused to take part in the strike. The seven suggested as arbi trators in the dispute Include businessmen, and at least two State public servants. None Is an active politician. None of the names has vet been officially announced, but it is Known they are drawn up In order of preference for con sideration by the disputes committee mis mnn""". A sneclp. uo-f:;nmitiee of BLate Cabinet yesterday con-forred with the Fire Brigade ii.n.vi .for mora than three j ncijrs. j.iie executive of the t'nited Firemen's Union hns power to order the men buck to work if settlement terms are acceptable, but may decide to can a mass meeting. The men have been nn Rt.rlltp since last Thursday, when they1 struck following the dismissal of 18 firemen who refused to operate the press buttons in suburban stations. The union was not represented by any official at yesterday's conference with the board, but its executive will be present at today's meeting of the disputes committee. The president of the union (Mr. W. Webber) last night called on firemen to assemble at the Trades Hall at 9 a.m. Private Kevin Macpherson, of Carlton, Melbourne, and Sergeant Jim Graham, of Tenterfleld, N.S.W., man an advance signal receiving station in the sector being patrolled by Australian troops. Theatre Hold-up Attempt Fails An armed man who held up the cashier m the box office of the Savoy Theatre last night ran . off empty handed when the cashier screamed. Shortly before 9 o'clock Miss Josle Axton, Mltford-Jjjet, St. Kilda, the box-jmce attendant-cashier at the IK! Fe'. ,as checking the "TOts takings, when a young , Who appeared to be foyer lurcnea lnto tne theatre He Mm. tn .Tin - .w .lie MUC UUU1 Ul 55 box .offlce. leaned across IT' ?na PU'ted a gun from his pocket. yt, he told Miss Axton to ZS me everything you've J2 ,Axton' wno has been n employe at the theatre since SreSf" U years ag0' fJnhire5 men waltln8 the 5 .""Of a few feet away sains.""1 ran to tne As they turned the man Yugoslavia Aid Flatly Denied LONDON, Oct. 8 (A.A.P.). 8Mke,mil!Sh ,foreBn Office tRMu """y nled that YuYB0ol?aglV m'"tary terihM'i.'ll? PoreK" M,"l5-t n .ta i!cu,se1 th P"es- had bSUf'? .,or ml"t'y Bid h!5 !Ln.e5PPer, "Observer," nVrm.lt,Parl8co;- sprang past them and disap peared down Russell-street and into Bourke-street. She screamed: "Stop him. catch him." But by the time the three bystanders began to move the man had a good start. Miss Axton described the man as between 20 and 24 years, Rearmament May Deter Soviet Union NEW YORK, Oct. 9 (A.A.P.). The U.S. Secretary of State (Mr. Dean Aeheson) said that negotiations between East and West would become possible as the Soviet Union's military superiority was reduced. Mr. Acheson, who was re ceiving the Freedom House award for 1950, said: "Building up the strength of free nations Is not by Itself a method of settling the differences with the soviet leaders, it is a way and again only a way to prevent tnose oimcuities xrom oeing settled by default. "As the great military In equality is reduced, negotiation becomes possible," he added. Common objectives which make a broad compromise possible between the Soviet leaders and the rest of world are now lacking. A compromise which moves one just a little closer to his own elimination Is not a compromise. Change of Policy "But as the strength and durability of the free nations bite Into the consciousness of the Soviet leaders," said Mr. Acheson, "some modification of their determination to achieve world domination could follow This would open the door on many possibilities for peaceful adjustment of differences. This process of adjustment Is the purpose of our efforts, he added. Calling on the United States to exercise restraint and sen-discipline, Mr. Acheson said the foolish talk about a pre-ventlve war and on the inevi tability of war would help to matce war inevitaDie. Air Exercises to Test U.K. Defences LONDON, Oct. 9 (A.A.P.). New techniques being tested to see whether Britain has the answer to the threat of atom bomb-carrying raiders are working "prettv well." A senior staff officer at Fighter Command headquarters stated this. The air defences of Britain arc being tested ln a one-week exercise known as "Emperor." Summing up the first week end of these large-scale manoeuvres the officer said: "Wo are very satisfied with the progress of the exercise so far. It has given us an excellent opportunity of testing new methods and techniques ln which we had so much faith." British, American, Dutch, Belgian, Danish and Norwegian air force planes are taking part In the exercise, in which the latest British Jet planes are op posing swift American heavy bombers to sen whnrh.. ul postwar bomber ls good enough to penetrate the latest "Enemv" hnmhnra lntnt nH M.iuuig ney targets were oaoiy mauled In trying to reaK tnrnuo-n rhn nnH-u .j. fence system early today. rinuing that mass forma, tlons of bombers were re-peatcdly thrown back as they tried to , bluster their way through, the "enemy" com. mander switched his taotlci to hit-and-run raids on specially selected, itrategie targets. Lady Strickland Leaves 2,036,264 . LONDON, Oct. 9 (A.AP.). Lady Strickland, formerly -of Malta, widow of Lord Cernld Strickland, Governor oi T j. mania, ln 180 to !J0!. ' :- late .in England v C2,0C.2. - Sin w s sister of Sir Kciwsru Hull on, newspaper pi-oprtetor. Among numerous today to be allotted picket du- The union intends to picket all fire stations as a counter to the appointment of volunteer firemen. j A meetlmr or hir Ffiripi-ni v. ecutive of the union yesterday expressed support for firemen in their "revolt against :the tyranny of the Board and the uniei nre omcer, The committee also called lor an investigation by the Victorian central executive of the A.LP. into the activities of Mr. Barry, MIA, on : the Boara. Bandits Kill Estate Manager The Captain of England V A e FREDDIE BROWN on his arrival at Fremantle yesterday on the Stratheden. Preferential Wool Buying LONDON, Oct. 8 (A.A.P.). The International Wool Study Group during its meetings in London discussed i United States proposal for American buyers to pick up the wool tney wanted Deiore auctions took Dlace. This was an alternative proposal to a United States demand that public auctions be aDanoonea. In informal talks the Com monwealth wool - producing countries, particularly Australia, strongly objected to anyi proposal to replace auctions d; an international allocation scheme. The United States proposal, if and when formally made, will be discussed only by the, study group which will not make a decision as it Is not a policy making body. It can only mane a recommendation to the Governments con cerned. - The group is expected to issue a communique shortly on its weeK-iong discussions. KOREAN WAR MAY END THIS MONTH : ; ; : ; . . Capture of Wontn Menaces Red Capital SOUTH KOREA, Oct. 9 ( A.A.P.) . Military sources predicted tonight that the formal war in Korea would end this .month. These sources said the United Nations advance today across , the 38th parallel, coupled with the simultaneous occupation of . Wonsan, on the east coast, mads the North Korean plight hope- . less, and their capital, Pyongyang, was under immediate threat. The caoital Is menaced by ground forces from two direc tions, east ano soutn. in audition, In the air the United Nations assault has remained unchallenged, while tne equally unopposed sea power could always oe used u neea be to strike ln the Communists' rear. Military sources assumed that much of the North Koreans' remaining strength would be returned to stem the main United Nations advance led by the American First Cavalry Division, north from Seoul towards Pyongyang. ' That left them with a weakened flank on the horizon of which the South Ko reans had already appeared at Wonsan. This town is at the eastern end of the major arte rial road running directly across the country west toi Pyongyang. Line Cut Wonsan's capture means the cutting of the vital supply line to Pyongyang running up tne east coast as far as the Siberian border. More important, the capture means the victorious South' Koreans can wheel left to- wards the capital. This move would threaten probably the major portion of the remain ing Communist strength by cutting across its rear. Most Communist elements are still presumed to be south of the Wonsan-Pyongyang road. For the past week they have been falling back in the east and centre before four SINGAPORS, October 9. ii.a;:s..:i)it manager of a Rubber ipsute !i -;inug Johorc, win: lliilliu I, :;n:ulits (his rifler-nl'ici !i .when .h'.-i car j am-j nlmj.'i.ud at. a road block; .1 Two spi'.dRl coriottiblns, who K'wrr' . . . Li -nn were also Killed. 0..1 -.-v.-.. ,u. ..-..ij - .- u.Bcn rmnn a.. -.. .. . ., ... ' WL "'"-n one --"uim olui II.' r. "rA " ""'J---'-.i....J.J mimutuii --ieyis nfr her pane but now " ;orne. PorA ana womiaea. itccnnlcolored dogs-the whole -. lu lwu "-"'"a" lne estate naa oeen attacKediair seemed to turn blue. uatnouc priests tnere. many times before. Window panes broke out in. Blue Dogs, Yes, But Blue Rain, Never 'The Age" Correspondent in London. ' 1 wsnfy-tfiree uiufe-tyi :tii ;n'. aw-" 5 Mi in the gorden wds bid enougftr .(.''''sht Mrs. Woikor, of Groectiiei!, t ear Ashby iU la Zouch, Leicestershire. a blue r,-,.3h. and when Mic put out her hand (rem the door It, too, turned inky blue. For lb minutes the blue rain continued to fall ana covered a track about 100 feet wide. Blue blobs scattered all over a garage run by Mr. Walkei .and decorated petrol pumps. Police, hurriedly called by Mrs. Walker, could not And a clue, nor could the Air Ministry. But in one of the colored blobs Mrs.- Wavker found a small seed, ana this led to tne theory that a freak whirlwind, many miles- away, stripped fruit from "elderberry trees ind showered them down on Grace Dieu.; A blue sun and a blue moon were seen in Britain last month, and residents of Ashby de la zouch, near Grace Dieu, are now recalling the 194b song hit. Ashby de la Zouch oy tne sea. The last line ran: "The Skies were full of Blue. II Australians Ready For "Big Push TOKIO, Oct 9 (A.A.P.-Reulers). The British Commonwealth Brigade, Including the Australians, is attached to the First United States Cavalry Division, which this morning launched the United Nations "Big Push" into North Korea. A spokesman said: "This is no patrol or probing action. This is the start of the Big Push. A strong United Nations force, including the British and Australians, is prepared to move forward in support." The Cavalry had met "stiff organised resistance" from smallarms and mortars, he added, but it was not serious enough to stop the Cavalry. South Korean divisions. Now the Communists are under pressure from United Nations lorces on the west. General MacArthur today again called on the North Koreans to surrender or he would "take military action necessary to enforce the decrees of the United Nations." ' General MacArthur's ulti matum was broadcast over the Tokio-Seoul radios in Korean addressed to the North Korean premier. General MacArthur's message to the Premier and the North Korean Government informed him of the full text of the , United Nations resolution . General MacArthur. then said: "In order that the decisions of the United Nations may be carried out with mint- mum further loss of life and destruction of property,-1, as the United Nations Comman- Hor r ''-,-t tlv-.ip . . " wy. .1 '-hp fjroes under your command In what ever part of- Korea situated forthwith to lay down your? arms and cease hostilities." "And I call on all North. Koreans to ca-operate fully with the United Nations in establishing a unified independent and democratic Government of Korea, assured that they will be treated Justly, and that the United Nations will act to relieve, and rehabilitate all parts of a unified Korea, "Unless an Immediate re sponse is made by you ln the name of the North Korean Government, I shall at once proceed to take such military action as may bt) necessary to enforce the decrees .of the United Nations.") 'The communist Pyongyang Radio Ignored General Mac- Artnur s surrender ultimatum as Communist troops stiffened tneir resistance north or tne 38th parallel. Eleven hours after the Gene ral had broadcast his ultimatum from Tokio and Seoul radio stations, Pyongyang had made no mention of the show down confronting the Northerners. Instead, at noon today the transmitter broadcast a North Korean army communique, claiming that guerillas had launched extensive operations behind the American lines. It also claimed that anti-aircraft gunners at Pyongyang shot down an American plane at tacking tne nortnern capital. South Korean Third Division elements ran into heavy Red opposition this afternoon a mile south-east of Wonsan. They were stopped by- enemy artillery, mortar and small arms fire. The fighting was still going on tonight.:. United States troops ran into murderous enemy fire few miles north of the-frontier,- an American said. "We have suffered a great many cn-'iaKlcs, both killed , and lV'l,llflll,', he added,.. i'!a la IN QUEST OF "THE ASHES." The English Tesl team reached Fremantle yesterday on the Stratheden. From left to right, front row, they are: Bailey, Simpson, Sheppard, Mclntyre, Berry, Hollies, Dewes. Back row: W. Ferguson (the baggage attendant), Wright Parkhouse, Huiton, Close, Compton, Brown, Warr, Brigadier M. A. Green (manager), Mr. Nash (manager) and Evans. Boundaries to Disappear in West Germany FRANKFURT, Oct. 9. Zonal boundaries in West Germany will be abolished when Western Allied troops there are reinforced. The United ' States High Commissioner (Mr. McCIoy) disclosed this today. Mr. McClov said: "There will be an Inevitable union 01 our operations with the British and French zones." He was addressing a confer ence of 800 local United States High Commission officials. He said: "One hundred and seventy-five Soviet divisions are casting a pall over Western Europe. Russians have stepped-ud their propaganda. Thev have declared a fifth-column war against Western Germany and Western Europe; but the spirit of the West is prevailing, aim win prevail 11 ail 01 us keep on our toes." Referring to Korea, Mr. McCIoy said it had: not removed the threat from Communism to the Western world. The French High 1 Commissioner (M. FrancniA Poncet). told the conference that some Frenchmen feared .Germany may do a volte faoe toward the East, after extracting as much aid as possible from the western A es. He said that risk; must be undertaken because In the conduct of diplomacy choices must be made between the lesser of several risks. 1 Plan to By-pass Veto Advocated LAKE SUCCESS, Oct. 9 (A.A.P.). The United States called on the United Nations to act fast to set up machinery to by-pass the Russian veto because "later on it may be too late." The American delegate, John Foster Dulles, told the General Assembly's 80 nation political committee that the United States plan will "make It less likely" that there will be war in the future. The plan would have all countries earmark units of their armed forces to be sent Into action by the General Assembly whenever a veto bars action by the U.N. Security Council against an aggressor. Mr. Dulles said: "The Korean events have dramatised organi sationai weaxnesses wnicn in future could prevent the will and capacity of member State-. from finding timely collective expression. Unless tN. does something to assure mat the accidental, which Rcrved so well in Korea, win nereaiter oecome depend able, potential aggressors can continue to hope and potential victims must continue to fear." By accidental, Mr. Dulles ob vlouslv referred to the fact that at the time the Securltv Council passed Its fighting Mr. sanctions against North Korea last June, Russia was boycotting the U.N. and therefore not able to block action with the veto. Homecoming Year for Greeks , ATHENS, Oct. 9 (A.A.P.). Next year will be celehrntMt a3 homecoming year for Oreeks throught the world. King Paul announced today. Thousands are expected to return and special fetes and celebrations are planned. SATURDAY CLASSIFIED ADVTS. ADVERTISERS: To facilitate the work of handling and correctly classifying all Saturday Advertisements, please lodge copy with your local News Agent or direct with "The Age" Office EARLY In the week, TODAY IF POSSIBLE. Easier Tone on 'Change Trading on the Stock Ex change yesterday was affected by budget proposals, which in clude excessive profits tax, sales tax on luxury goods and the relntroductlon of price controls. More sellers were in evi dence, and falls in general in vestments outnumbered rises by 70 to 31. The proposed excessive profits tax was responsible for the weakening ln car distributing nouses. In contrast, mining stocks, both base-metal and gold is sues, strengthened on the Prime Minister s announcement that there would be no revaluation of the pound. (Details on Page 6.) 10,000 Win - f oi? Wife of Geelong Man HOBART, Monday. Mrs. Loris Solomon, of Geelong, who today won 10,000 In a Hobart consultation, will give a car to her, sister, Mrs. J. Glance, of Stephen-streot, Preston. She announced this today when she learnt that she had won first prize. Mrs. Solomon bought four! tickets ln the consultation last week while holidavinir in Ho bart, and was present this morning when the drawing was made. , She telephoned her hus band, who caught the first available plane for Tasmania. Last Thursday Mrs. Solomon bought 40 tickets for a Geelong friend, and these returned 20 in prizes. Mr. and Mrs. Solomon will remain ln Hobart until Fri day. In HTie Age' ; Today Vienna Flare-up . . Page 2 Art Notes Page 4 Wool Sales . . . . Page 6 Trade & Finance Page 6 Small Homes .... Page 7 Country News .... Page 8 Law List, Shipping Page 9 Sporting - Page 16 467'i2'6 ,NC 156 DEPOSIT TAX 3311 Weekly Not only Australia's lowest-priced easiest-to-buy unit, but the most economical to operate. Owners here and abroad report-less than three farthings cost per mile for petrol and oil with continuous stopping and starting. IMMEDIATE DELIVERY Importers and Distributors or Australia: COMMONWEALTH MOTORS Ptv. ltd. 111-125 a'Becketr Street. Melbourne. FJ5136 INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS Alrwnys '.. 9 Amusements IS Auctions io Ballrooms 15 Bereavements 9 Births 2 Board .. ., .... 14 Bonrtt Wanted . 14 Build In r V M Bus., Partners, Hotels .. 1ft Caravnni it Convevnnces 15 Country Aucts 10 Country Props 10 Deaths 2 Engagements 7 Flats Vacant , 14 Plata Wanted 14 Funerals 9 Garden Supplies 11 Holiday Returns 14 Houses and Land For Sale 10-11 Wanted to Buy 11 To Let 14 Wanted to Rent 14 Shops, .&o.. , 14 In Memorlam 3-9 Law Notices .. .. . .. .. 14 Live Stock ., .. 9 Lost and Found 14 Machinery 15 Marriages .. .. 2 Medical 9 Meetings . . 9 MiAsing Friends .. 4. Money Motor Cycles Motor Schools ... .. Motor Tours ..... Profns. Engage .., , Public Notices ..... , Rooms Vacant . Rooms Wanted 1. . Shipping . x. Situations Vaci . . ,. Situations Wanted .. Tenders .. ,., Used Can . . , Vehicles Wanted to Buy Wanted to Betl ,. .. Wireless .. 9 9 .. It .. U 9 13-14 .. It .. 14 .. 14 11 12-13 .. 9 .. 11 11 .. 0 .. 11 .. 1ft .. 15 is Australia's LOWEST - PRICED 10-12 Cwt Unit miiiijpyiMlirii iininnii iimiTiiiiniiimwn - 1 T1ie yon remember with a JtONSON Lighter will !! remember yon . for RONSOPTS swift flame, faithfully answer in 1 to simple one - Inger, one motion action, will bring reminders Dmsny times day for IXONSON VIRLI'I 6REATEST LI OUTER IraftfJ, Stmndmrd or hth In glommtmt Better for School Boobl.Wpj Tn.y itsnd iht rough 1 ' (, nd tular carry. JS iM..yiii aalrw I FORD SHERINCTON LTD. Ml LlMaWrt.Mrl.u:

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