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FOR YOU TO CONSIDER: The happines's of some boy at Camp Zach- ary Taylor on Christmas may depend entirely on YOU. FIRST AID TO SANTA. We most heartily indorse Camp Zachary Taylor Christmas Cheer Club plans and are only too Elad to givo 100 Christmas presents articles of valuo and necessary for the soldier boys. Laub Bros. VOL.
CXXVIII. NEW SERIES NO. 17,851 LOUISVILLE, THURSDAY JTWO CENTS I IV KALLS CITIES. I OX TRAINS FIVE CENTS. MORNING, NOVEMBER 15, 1917.
TEN PAGES. PRICE FIRST PHOTOGRAPHS OF ANTI-KERENSKY nnounces THE COURIER-JOURNAL AND THE TIMES DEMONSTRATIONS BY THE B0LSCHEVIK1S Army of Good Cheer Gets Enthusiastic Recruits From Three States. Soldiers In Camp Assured of Merry Christmas Through Courier-Journal. "Folks Back Home" To See That Each Fighter Gets a Yuletide Gift. GEN.
HALE APPROVES PLAN Volunteers are flocking to the standard of Santa Claus. The Cou rier-Journal's Camp Zachary Taylor Christmas Cheer Club will be repre sented in every nook and corner of Kentucky. Indiana and Southern Illi nois. Announcement of the plan of Santa Ciaus in khaki, working through the Courier-Journal, had scarcely been made public when recruits began to come in to the Army of 'Good Cheer. The Courier-Journal's Camp Taylor Christmas Cheer Club has been started for the purpose of making the first and last Christmas the boys will spend at the Louisville cantonment a pronounced success.
The plan carries with it the erection of a giant Christmas tree in front of each regimental headquarters at the camp on Christmas. Eve, whereon will be placed gift for every soldier. The Courier-Journal has undertaken the collection of the gifts from the "folks back home" and the raising of a fund with which to purchase gifts for soldiers who "wiir not -be remembered by relatives or friends. Maj. Gen.
H. C. Hale, commanding -the 84th Division, has given the plan nis run indorsement, and expressed his appreciation to the Christmas Cheer Club for taking up the enterprise. Press Anxious To Help. Among the earliest and most en thusiastic champions of the movement are the newspapers of the three States, from which men at Camp Zachary Taylor are gathered.
Each i mall brings its quota of messages i from editors, indorsing the enterprise and offering to co-operate with the Courier-Journal in making Christmas of 1917 at the local camp a red-letter event In military history. "You may enroll the name of the Ft. "Wayne Journal-Gazette on the Courier-Journal Camp Zachary Taylor Christmas Cheer Committee," wrote Frank P. Holloway, managing editor of the Journal-Gazette. "We are very glad indeed to co-operate with you in this movement, as we recognize its worth.
Indeed we thank you for the opportunity you have created for Northern Indiana people to aid, the soldier boys who might otherwise have no Christmas." Belleville's Big Quota. "We are fully in accord with your undque scheme and will give every assistance to make the Christmas celebration at Camp Zachary Taylor a complete 'success," wrote Joseph Buecliier, editor of the Belleville fliL) Messenger. "It is safe to say that fully 1,000 men from the section In which the Messenger circulates are stationed at the camp. We congratulate you on such an enterprise." J. R.
Catlett, editor of the Princeton (Ky.) Leader, as soon as he saw the announcement of the proposed celebration, flashed back the message: "The Leader will help boost the Camp Zachary Taylor Christmas tree cele-ibration." First Christmas From Home. "We consider your efforts to play Santa Claus for the men at Camp (Continued On Sixth Fngc.) -PWtograpli-copyright by Donald Thompson from th Oentral News Photo Service. For manv weeks the Bolsherikis had been gaining strength daily under the leadership of Trotzkyand Lenine until the sword fell. The top photograph shows a crowd of Bolshevist sympathizers marcrtilng thraugth th streets of Pe-trogTad as a protest against the Kerensky government. The bottom photo sinews a procession of Bolshoviki troops which successfully attacked the Winter Palace in Petrograd.
Are making important changes in their Carrier Route System in Louisville, New Albany and Jefferson-ville. These changes are designed to imprcrfe and expedite delivery of both papers. Until the new system is working smoothly' there may be cause for subscribers to complain. Please telephone (Main 3200 or City 3200, Circulation Department), If either The Times or The Courier-Journal fail to be delivered. THE WEATHER.
Kentucky Fair Thursday and Friday. Indiana Fair Thursday and Friday. Tennessee Fair Tnurduy ami Friday. THE LATEST. Determined that there shall be no strike of railroad employes with the resultant tie-up of the country's transportation facilities in time of war, President has called upon the heads of the "big four" brotherhoods to confer with him at the White House, November 22.
In the event thht all efforts to bring about an amicable settlement of differences fails, the Government is prepared to take over the operation of the roads, it is said. The 1917 coal shortage is put at 50,000.000 ions in estimates completed by the Fuel Administration. Although production has jumped 50,000,000 tons it is declared consumption has increased 100,000,000 tons. Immediate measures to meet the situation include curtalimem of shipments to nonessential industries arid a campaign for coal conservation in manufacturing establishments and households. McCaila Fitzgerald, former cashier of the First National Bank of London, died Wednesday in the prison at Atlanta from the effects of a stroke of apoplexy.
Fitz gerald was convicted of charges of misapplication of funds belonging to the bank before its failure arid sen-' tenced to serve five years in the Atlanta prison. He had served about a year of his sentence. The Courier-Journal's Camip Zachary Taylor Christmas Cheer Club will be represented in every part of Kentucky, Indiana and Southern Illinois. Announcement of the plan had scarcely been made when volunteers began flocking to the standard of Santa. Claus to make Christmas for the at the cantonment a pronounced success.
A warrant for the arrest of former United States Senator R. F. Petti-grew, of South Dakota, on an indictment charging violation of the espionage law, will be served upon Pettirew, who is now in Chicago, United States District Attorney Stewart announced at Aberdeen. S. D.
Secretary M.cAdoo, in an address before the Investment Bankers' Association, disclosed that Government expenditures are running far below estimates given Congress, and -predicted thart the amount of money still to bo raised for the fiscal year wftl not exceed $10.000.000,000. Edward Cuthbert Piatt, a Lieutenant in the Canadian forces in France, and nephew of A. C. Hunter, cashier of the bank of J. Amsden of Versailles, is reported to have been killed in France.
Lieut. Piatt had been in France but three months. Directors. Pf the Kentucky. PuJ'e Bred Livestock Association yesterday put afoot a movement to increase the production of livestock 'and 'stimulate interest the breeding ot stocK oy -rm.
of-' series -of sales of the different breeds of cattle, swine and sheep- Samuel Gora-pers, in an address before the meeting of the American Federation of Labor, declared, though the problem of capital and is insolvable, both sides must declare truce of' differences for the duration of the war. Girl employes of the Louisville Free public Library, now receiving less than $50 a- month salary bC raised to $50 beginning February 1 to meet the high cost of living, according to the unanimous decree of the board of trustees. Available estimates indicate that the of the five new classes into -Srfdh all of the draft registrants are he divided will contain more than 000 000 men subject for war duty in the-other-classes greement die Functions Outlined By mier Lloyd George House of Commons. London. Nov.
14. The proposed new inter-allied council was the subject, of discussion in the House of Commons to-day' when the former H. S. Asouitii, brought the matter before the House by interrogating Premier Lloyd George on the functions of the council. Mr.
Asquith asked the Premier whether he would now state the precise functions of the inter-allied council, and in particular, of its military staff, whether it was proposed that the council, if so advised by its staff. should have the power to interfere with and override the opinion on a matter of strategy of the general slan at home and the commender-ln- chief in the field: whether the military staff of the inter-allied council was to have intelligence and operations departments, or either of them, of its own; whether the ultimate decision as to the distribution and movement of the various armies in the field was to rest on the council or on the Governments represented on it. and whether opportunity would be given to discuss the proposed arrangements and the statements made in connection therewith in the Premier's Paris speech. Premier Lloyd George, in replying to Mr. Asquith.
said that the best way of answering the question was to read the actual terms of the agreements between the British. French and Italian Governments for the creation of a supreme council of the Allies. The text of the agreement follows: First With a view to better coordination of the military action on the western front, a Supreme War Council is created, composed of the Prime Minister and a "member of the Government of each of the great Powers whose armies are fighting on that front, the extension of the scope of the council to other fronts to be leserved for discussion with the other great Powers. "Second The Supreme War Council has for its mission to watch over the conduct of the war. It prepares recommendations for the consideration of the Governments and uooni.
itself intormed of their execu tion, and reports' therconrto -their. re- spectlve Governments. "Third The general staff and mili-tarv commands of the armies of each Power charged with the conduct of the military operations remain responsible to their respective Governments. "Fourth General war plans drawn bv competent military authorities are submitted to the Supreme War Council, which, under high authority of the Government, insures its concordance and submits, if need be. any neces-sarv changes.
"Fifth Each power delegates to the Supreme War Council one permanent military representative, whose exclusive function is to act as technical adviser to the council. "Sixth Military representatives receive from the Government and the competent military authorities of their country, all proposals, information and documents relating to the conduct of war. "Seventh The military representa tives watch day by day the stiuation of the forces and; the means of all kinds of which the. Allies and enemy armies dispose. Eighth The Supreme Council meets normally at Versailles, where the permanent military representa tives and staffs are established; they meet at other places according to cir cumstances.
-Meetings of the Supreme War Council take place at least once a month." The Premier went Into a further explanation, saying: "From the foregoing it will lie clear that the council will have no executive power and that final decisions in the matter of strategy and the distribution and movements of the various armies in the field will rest with the several Governments of the Allies. There will, therefore, be no operations department attached to the council. The permanent military representatives will derive from the existing intelligence departments of the allies all information necessary in order to enable to submit advice to the Supreme Allied Council. "The object of the Allies has been to set up a central body charged with the duty of continuously surveying the field of operations as a whole by the light of information derived (Continued On Tlilnl I telephoning orders for the abandon- ment of certain positions. investigation," says says the di; patch, "has brought to light.
the most treacherous ruse resorted to by the enemy In order to undermine the mo rale of our soldiers immediately before the inauguration of the present offensive. On October 20 the enemy succeeded in smuggling through our lines ana caused to be distributed in specified sectors thousands of copies of II Giornale D'ltalia and II Corriere Delia Dera, in which were reported tumults and rebellions In Naples, Florence, Sicily and Puglie, with hundreds of people killed in Tuscany by English soldiers firing upon women and children, and also describing French soldiers riding over the bodies of agitators, etc. "It also was established that In certain sections Bulgarians 'and Croats, wearing Italian uniforms, penetrated among our troops, favored by a thick mist and the ability of speaking Italian perfectly, having studied at the Turin Military Academy, and ordered our soldiers through telephone communications to abandon important defensive positions and thereby causing great confusion and anxiety." Accounts- of the Italian retreat before the Austro-Germar. drive have told of the failure of the Italians at crucial polnts to make a ihyw of fight against the invader. In Ojinaga IsTaken By Villa Troops; Federals Fleeing Government Soldiers Seek Refuge In U.
S. and Surrender To Americans. Premier Lloyd George Called Dangerous Demagogue By One Editor. Paris Speech Characterized As Unprecedented Disaster and Hard Blow. Nation Wants To Know How Far Cabinet Will Supersede General Staff.
HAIG STOUTLY DEFENDED London, Nov. 14. Premier Lloyd George on his return from hie hur ried trip to consult and hearten Great Britain's ally, Italy, finds hlmeif faced by the sharpest crisis of hla careeer as Prime Minister. Tlhe cri'els is one which may result possKyly lit a vote of want of confidence by Parliament, which would be followed "automatically by his resignation. No action taken by any British Government since the beginnfagr: ot the war has caused such a maelstrom of eroticism, speculation and symptoms of uneasiness as uhe announce ment of the formation of an international War Council, composed of CaJb- Ineit Ministers of Great Britain, France and Italy, with a Military Committee representing- the three nations, whioh latter is to be in con stant session at Versailles.
The questions being asked are whether such a change is -wrjotiitfr it will brlng effectlve comrtil of the campaign and particularly how far the new military trinity wlil supersede or overlap the management of British operations by the General Staff of the army. During the past twenty-four hoiurH the Premier has had what in Europe is catted "a had press." Called Dangerous Demagogue. The comments on his action range from violent attacks by the Morning; Post and the Globe to questioning and critical comment. ISvea the Times, which is credited with beinrf the chief instrument in the overthrow of the Asquith government in Mr. Lloyd George's Interest, said, "his weakness is ills failure to think out his plans to their logical conclusion," which may be regarded as a considerate way of saying the Premier is prone to leap before he -looks.
The Globe, which recently has been edited by L. J. Maxse, a prominent publicist, best known as the editor of the National Review, calls the Premier a "dangerous demagogue" and terms the new arangement jugglo with the strategy of the war." This is the strongest language printed by English newspapers since the political truce was declared at the beginning of the Censured For "Loose Talk." The Daily Mail, which is one of Premier Lloyd George's strongest supporters and extremely antagonistic to former Premier Asquith, comments editorially, upon the Premier's Paris speech under the heading "The Old Gang on the Make," and writes of 'Uhe partisan maneuvers" to secure the return to power of Mr. Asquith and his followers, which It Bays nobody could contemplate without alarm. Nevertheless, it lectures fho Premier for indulging in "loose talk" in his Paris speech, and while maintaining that he is absolutely right on the main point, namely, the neccssity of unified control and the establishment of a permanent military council, It says: "Some of the Premier's emotional assertions were distinctly unfortunate and ought to have been suppressed because they were unwise or because they represent opinion and not fact.
It was a great error to refer to the German line in the Wist an impenetrable barrier or to belittle the splendid victories on ths Somme as though they were bloody assaults which resulted in nothing; nor was his reference to appalling casualties correct, in view of the gi-irantic scale of the war. It is such loose talk as this which may fairly be eriticieed, and we hope the Premier will not miss the opportunity of putting into juster language his second thoughts on these and some other matters dealt with in the Paris speech." Perils Existence of Alliance. The Dally News says editorially: "We face a crisis which threatens the existence of the alliance and the fate of the war nnd the world." It described the Premier's speech as "an unprecedented disaster anii the most lamentable blow struck hi (Continued On Third Pae.) There is no "overhead In The Courier-Journal Camp Zachary Taylor Christmas Cheer club. Every cent contributed goej to buy' gifts Get in the club at oace. i Clip, All out and mail coupons an" page 2, to-day's Courier-Journal, Lewis Y.
Johnson, Joseph Sel-ligman and Ludlow F. Petty On Safety Bureau. D. B. G.
Rose, Ben Brumleve and Edward J. Miller To Direct Public Works. Hundreds of Appointments Are Made By These Departments. TIPS FOR OTHER OFFICES BOARD OF PUBLIC SAFETY. Lewis V.
Johnson, chairman. Joseph Selligman. Ludlow F. Petty. BOARD OF PUBLIC WORKS.
l-. B. G. Rose, chairman. Ben J.
Brumleve. 1-ldward J. Miller. All speculation as to the personnel of the Boards of Public Safety and. Public Works under the new Republican administration was set at rest last night by Mayor-elect George Welssinger Smith, when he an nounced that he has made his seiec Mons.
Lewis Johnson will be chair man of the Board of Public Safety and his associates be Joseph Selligman and Ludlow F. Petty. The Board of Public Works will he composed of David B. G-. Rose as chairman, 'Benjamin J.
Brumleve. and Edward J. Miller. No other appointments have been definitely decided upon by Mr. Smith, The two boards whose members have been named from what is generally termed the official family of the Mayor.
Hundreds of appointments have to he made by these boards, the firemen and policemen as well as the many employes of the city hospital, workhouse and many other city institutions coming under the Board (Oontlnncd On Second Page.) German Patrol Ambushed By U. S. Soldiers Number of Kaiser's Men Are Killed Or Wounded On French Front. 13 llic Associated With the American Army in France, Nov. 14.
American infantrymen ex acted a part revenue for a trench raid during: a recent night attack by ambushing a large German patrol in No Man's Land, killing or wounding a number of the enemy. i The American patrol, in which there were some Frenchmen, arranged the ambuscade near the German lines on a shell-ruined farm. After lying in the mud "nearly all night the partience of the watchers Was rewarded by the sight of a large German patrol, its number more than double that the Franco-Americans. The Germans were permitted to pass when the Americans and Frenchmen on their flank opened fire from shell craters and other shelters, where they were secreted. The Germans were taken oomiplete-ly ysurprise and bolted, carrj-ing" witih them their men who had been m-t.
The number of dead and wounded Germans is uncertain, but none of the men in ambush was hit by the 'bullets the Germans later sent in from a distance. There were congratulations all around when the Americans and French re-entered tiheir trenches. Patrol work on both sides is becoming more active, as is also the artillery fire. The Germans during one twenty-four-hour period of a recent day sent over at least three times as many shells as on the first days during which the Americans were intrenched. One night the firing in the back areas against the approaches of the, communication trenches reached the proportions of drumfire.
It was evident the Germans thought an American trench relief was taking place. As a matter of fact, no relief was in progress and no material damage was done. During the alst two nignts the tier- mans have continuously used machine guns in the direction of the American lines. Sniping is oecoming more active on loth sides. American sharpshooters are workirrg close to the German lines, especially when the nights are clear.
The activity by enemy snipers thus far has resulted in one American casualty. A noncommissioned officer was hit In the head and killed. I DETERMINED TO PREVENT STRIKE President Calls Conference of Brotherhood Heads. Prepared To Take Over Operation of Roads. AGREEMENT IS EXPECTED The new demands by the railroad workers would add $109,000,000 yearly to their pay envelopes, according to calculations of the railway managements.
"Washington. -Nov. 14. Once again President Wilson has undertaken personally to prevent. a general railroad strike.
He has called the heads of the four great railroad brotherhoods to meet htm in conference November 22 and -will insist that patriotism be put ahead of. private interest: that there be no attempt to handicap the operation of a vital part of the nation's war-making machinery. The President Is confident that nothing unpatriotic will be done, but if the necessity arises he is prepared to take the required steps to prevent a tie-up of transportation. In announcing to-day the coming conference -with the union chiefs Judge William L. Chambers, chair- man of the Board of Mediation and rd of Mediation nn, Conciliation, made public a letter from the President, which said: "It is inconceivable to me that patriotic men should now for a moment contemplate the interruption of the transportation fhich is so absolutely necessary to the safety of the nation.
The last thing. I should wish to contemplate would be the possibility of being obliged to take any 'unusual measures to operate the railways and I have so much confidence that the men you are dealing with will appreciate the patriotic motives underlying your efforts that I shall look forward with assurance to your success." Emergency Operation Plans. At the time of the threatened strike averted by the eight-hour law last year, it was understood that tlhe Government had developed plans for emergency operation of the railroads, If that became necessary. At that time the United States was not at war. President Wilson's letter was eent (Continued On Third Pase.) SPENDIG LESS THAN ESTIMATE No Reason For Apprehension, Says McAdoo.
Sum Still To Be Raised-For Fiscal Year $1 0,000,000,000 RESOURCES NOT STRAINED Baltimore, Nov. 14. In a speech before the Investment Bank- Association Here to-right Secre tary McAdoo disclosed that Government expenditures are running far below estimates given Congress, and predicted the amount of money still to be raised for the fiscal year will not exceed ten billion dollars. "Vague and unfounded apprehen sions seem to exist in the public mind as to the extent of the hnanciare- quirements of the United Staite during the current fiscal year." the Sec-: rotary said. "It may be helnful to the country to know that these re-miirements have been greatly exag- "crated and that in the judgment, of the Secretary of the Treasury there is no reason whatever-for apprehension on this score.
This opinion is based upon the latest estimates of our financial needs. "During the pasit few days the various departments of the Government have submitted to me their estimates nf evnenditures during the current fiscal year. On the basis of these estimates I am confident that, allowing for a liberal balance in the general fund at the close of the fiscal year, net more than $10,000,000,000 remains to be raised by the issue of bonds, war savings certificates and Treasury certificates of indebtedness. Won't Strain Capacity. "This is not regarded by the Treasury Department as a task which will in any way strain the capacity or resources of the United States.
The splendid success of the second Liberty Loan shows that the people are fully determined to support the war and are prepared to make such sacrifices of luxuries, pleasures, comforts and conveniences as may be necessary. "The estimates of the various departments include appropriations already made and proposed supplemental estimates to be submitted at the forthcoming session of Congress. Though the estimated ordinary expenditures (excluding advances to the Allies) for the year average about a billion a month, the ordinary expenditures for the four months pe- Continued On Sixth Pace.) German Intrigue Employed In Ranks of Italian Army Bared Presidio. Texas, Nov. 14.
Mexican Federal troops evacuated Ojinaga at o'clock to-night and came to the American side where they surrendered to American troops in command of Capt. Theodore Barnes, commander of American troops here. He said the fighting was hand-to-hand before the evacuation. Villa, troops now occupying the Mexican town. Many were killed, wounded and executed.
5,000 In Villa Army. El Paso. Texas. Nov. 14.
Telegrams received here at 30 o'clock to-night announce the capture of Ojinaga, the Mexican border port opposite Presidio Texas. Fighting has been in progress there all day between the forces of Francisco Villa and the Feieral Garrison under Gen. Cordova. It is reported that the Villa fol- lowers number 5.000 instead of the -few hundred which the defenders of the town had expected. 'Unconfirmed' reports here are to the effect that some of the Viila troops have crossed into Texas and the eommandej- of the El Paso District has been asked to send reinforcements from here.
BRITISH DESTROYER AND MONITOR ARE TORPEDOED THIHTY-THREE MEN MISSING EEOM TWO WARSHIPS, LONDON ANNOUNCES. London, Xov 14. A British destroyer and a small monitor which were operating in conjunction with the British army in Palestine have been sunk, it was officially announced this evening. A total of thirty-three open from the two vessels is missing. A hostile submarine sank the two warships.
The text of the statement announcing tlhe losses reads: "One of His Majesty's destroyers and a small monitor have been sunk by an enemy submarine whilst cooperating with the army in Palestine. Seven men are missing from the destroyer end twenty-Mx from the monitor." M.ir.ninni'c Porruinn Spnsn-! CWOHaJCi tional Stories of Rebellion Circulated. Washington. Nov. 14.
Light Is thrown upon hitherto unexplained references to German intrigue in the ranks of the Italian army by an official dispatch received here to-day from Rome. It tells how on the eve of their great offensive the Teutons circulated among the soldiers at certain parts of the Italian front newspapers carrying sensational stories of rebellions in Italian provinces, of English soldiers shooting down women and children and of French cavalrymen riduuj over the bodies of agitators. In further explanation of the breakdown of the Italian defense, the mes sage eays Italian-speaking Bulgarians and Croats in Italian uniforms, penetrating the lines on the eve of the offensive. causetV gTeat confusion by i i "p- n-th torpedoboat destroyer have been sink UK enemy submarine while operat- conjunction wHh the Palestine men from the 11 Vsels are misnlnff- 4 i.
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