The Courier-Journal from Louisville, Kentucky on April 20, 1915 · Page 4
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The Courier-Journal from Louisville, Kentucky · Page 4

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Tuesday, April 20, 1915
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Published Tim.T AMTD BUNTS AY. Office, cor. Thlt are. and Oreea t X OoBMUdatl f raCEIiOCISVlULK DAUY JOCTHlXi. IrfralrHIle. Kr., NaT. 24, 1833. LOTJI5VILLE DAILY DEMOCRAT. IxmUrllle, tCr 1843. MORNING COURIER. Ixralarllle, Kj, Jane 3, 1844. Flnt Iued w tb Coorter-JfnirnmJ November 8, 18CS. Bates. Dally edition, ono year j J? Dally and Sunday edition, one year.. 8 00 Dally and Sunday, one month to To City Subscribers. Dally, delivered ....10c per -week Dally and Sunday, delivered.) per week Dally and Sunday, delivered.. 1 month Re Postage. Entered at the Louisville Post-office as econd-cl&ss matter. 30, 12 and 14 pages 1 cent 16, 18. 20 and 21 pages 2 cents 28, 32 and pages 3 cents Sunday edition, wish magazine....! cents Communications. All communications should be addressed to the Courier-Journal and not to individuals. If writers who submit MSS. for publication wish to have rejected articles returned they must In all cases send ntamps. The editors are clad to examine MSS., but return postage must bo Included. "Washington Bureau Rooms 616 and 616 Evans Building. ICO New York avenue Arthur B. Krock, manager. TUESDAY APRIL 20, 1915. "Business." Monday livening, April 13 Trading In stocks and bonds on tlie New York Stock Exchange reached the highest points on the present movement and the "long overdue" reaction In stocks came 'with a vengeauce In the closing hour, led by United States Steel, which dropped 4 points and closed 2 points net lower, following an admonitory trade statement Issued by Its chief executive at the annual meeting. In the early trading many issues rose 3 to 5 points, but at the close most Issues were- lower than Saturday. Standard rails hold better than the industrials, a good many scoring net gains. Hales amounted to 1,360,000 shares. Bonds exhibited an upward trend, with New York Central debenturo 6s the feature. Sales amounted to $6,536,000. Predictions of a big decrease in the visible supply, which later were verified, re-ffulted in a further upturn in wheat, final prices being l?ic to 3c net higher. Corn closed Uc to c higher and oats was unchanged to c lower. Provisions gained 7c to 25c Cotton made another set of high records for the present movement and closed steady at a net advance of 3 to 9 points. Continued activity in mill circles and improving spot demand were the chief bullish factors. Locally, activity and strength were quite pronounced in the local security market, gains of 1 to 2 points being scored by changed. For Our Dignity and Honor. Touching the report from 'Washing ton tnat tne state Department is engaged in the preparation of an elaborate and argumentative reply to the German Ambassador's recent lecture to the Government on its duty and policy with regard to the belligerents, the New York Sun says: "Surely no American believes that the case of Count von Bernstorff is one which calls for the soft answer that turns away wrath; or, again, that it calls for the presentation of the other cheek to the hand of the smiter of the cheek that Is already smitten. "Nor does it call for a convincingand conclusive demonstration that the German Ambassador did the American Gov- ernment a grievous Injustice when he undertook to rebuko and lecture it. "If the phraseology of the document in Question originated with the German Am- bassador it calls for no other reply than a request to Berlin for his removal; or, short of that, contemptuous silence if it is thought best for tho sake of a valued national friendship to forbear a little fur ther In the case of a foolishly Indiscreet or desperately Insolent representative. On the other hand, it Borlin actually dictated tho language of the memorandum the reply can wait until evidence of the responsible origin reaches our State Department." The Courier-Journal agrees with the Sun that equally for the dignity of the United States and the education of Count von Bernstorff in good manners it Is to bo hoped the Administration has no such intention. The truth is von Bernstorff should have been sent away long ago. The case against Genet was not stronger than the case against him. As for Dernberg, ho should never have been allowed to get beyond Ellis Island and ought now to be led to the Canada border, given a cold potato and told to beat it! The society organized by Bartholdt, at "Washington, to consolidate the German-American vote had its first lesson the other day in Chicago. It should never need another. Woe to that party, or candidate, in the United States who woos or has the favor of the Imperial colony lined up under the flags of Germany and Austria and shouting "Hoch der Kaiser!" Turtle Bay. It was inevitable that the presence of Japanese ships in Turtle Bay should raise the bugaboo in the minds ot the Yellow Perilists; likewise it was confidently foreseen by saner folk that the bugaboo would turn out to bo just that. There Is no reason to suppose that such a trifle as an official report from a naval officer, re-enforced by official statements from the Japanese Embassy, will entirely separate the Ferillsts from their delusion In a moment; they are too much attaohed to it for that. But for purposes ot jingo publicity they have again been effectively silenced. From the first it was clearly seen that there was every legitimate reason for the presence of the ships .in the Lower California waters. The- Japanese cruiser Asama had been aground jiinco December; all the ordinary methods of floatingr distressed steam ers had failed. A naval salvage corps was sent to the scene and immediately we were told that a squadron ot for- - . (I eign warships had assembled in Turtle Bay, a large camp ashore was established by the Japanese and mines were being laid in the harbor. It now develops from Commander Irwln',8 report that the "foreign squadron" consists of one repair ship and two colliers, and that there are "no indications other than salving work." " It meant nothing to the jingoes that this is the most inopportune time for Japan to be establishing naval bases about; she has her hands full with Internal and foreign questions In the East. She has, moreover, Just at the moment need for the utmost confidence of the United States. Granting that she would ever attempt to establish a naval base so close to us as Turtle Bay which is granting- a great deal she would scarcely have gone about it with such frankness and boldness as has characterized her operations in Lower California. It is too bad, but these incidents do not end with tho ending. Nobody but a PeriliBt would raise such a cry as was raised in this instance; but even the most tranquil-minded must recognize that each such outcry disturbs by so much a relationship that should be guarded against assault or strain. It is in this particular that the raising of such bugaboos however bubbllsh they may appear in the event is exceedingly regrettable. To Whom It May Concern. I. In proportion as the goody-goody appears in the party programs do the politicians behind them seem to degenerate alike in character and performance. Morality and politics have ever been for the most part strangers. But the attempt to interject government into the personal morals and private habits of the people has succeeded only in creating despotism on the one hand and hypocrisy on the other, with not a little profitable corruption between the two. Usually each experience of the kind has been followed by reaction going to the other extreme. Rarely docs Nemesis overtake the political ill doers, who are found in all ranks and parties. The bunch that was overtaken at Terre Haute the other day called themselves Democrats. As far as they could, or dared, their party associates stood by them. It is ever thus. Comes a story from St. Louis that a Republican recently elected to office, who, confessing himself a criminal, resigned a day or two after his election, was known in advance of that event to be such by the party managers, who, "to save the ticket," kept the matter concealed, having secured the resignation in advance, Scoundrelism has no politics and is common to all parties. It flourishes most where morality sets itself up as an issue. Never comes a wave of sentimental fervor but brings with it a shoal of rascals. First get the public confidence the rule is then make your killing.. It is an historic fact that some of the greatest rogues and scourges have been men of steady habits, whilst many of the world's benefactors have had no moral character to speak of. How wisely and well Woodrow Wilson put the case in that admirable Shannon letter written in May, 1911, when he was Governor of New Jersey, favoring local option as the final settlement of the liquor question, and declaring it to be his unfaltering belief. "So far as I am concerned," he said, "I can never consent to have the question of local option made an issue between political parties In this Statu. When soclul and moral questions are thrust into politics they have destroyed party action and organization, made constructive party action Impossible and thrown all other questions into the background." This is as true as holy writ and makes a perfect answer to' the fanaticism that would control men's appetites by machinery and create Imitation angels, by Act of Assembly. II. Kentucky is about to be rent by Its accustomed and appointed quadrennial conflict over the selection of a State Government. The woods in consequence are full of candidates. Upon the threshold of the rowdy-dow of egotism and the riot of selfish interest may not the Courier-Journal observe gently, and without offense, that it does not care a rap for the whole Ehlp's crew of them. But one thing seems fairly certain, and that Is that whichever in any case we elect we shall in the end wish we had taken t'other. Unhappily this unpromising condition is by no means confined to Kentucky. It exists, as wo have shown, all over the" country. Intelligent self-government appears to have oozed out at the palms of our hands, as it were, and gone sizzling down the back-entries of time. Greed has displaced conviction. Neither men, nor opinions, will stand hitched. Graft, now for money and now again for office, Is in the saddle. The peoplo look limply on' and seem powerless to help themselves,' To be sure all government is, mora THE or less, a choice of ovils. It wriggles for tho most part twixt hawk and buzzard. Tho voters astride the seesaw of parties each party promising them the earth the song is forever and ai day , "Xow we go up, up, up. .And now we go down, down, down!" The Stand-pat Republican party has gone the way of tho old-line Whigs. The coming Party of Progress, as it will call Itself, has not fully arrived. As a consequence the professed party label has ceased to mean anything at all. Home Rule, for example, was once a Democratic shibboleth. Now men calling themselves Democrats men even recognized as Democratic leaders are flagrantly denying it. "Those are best governed who are least governed" used to be another' Democratic axiom; and, in the teeth of this, Bureaucracy, promoted by Democrats, is springing up on every hand. Government Ownership Government by Commission and Paternal 'Government Is everywhere the order of the day, leaning inevitably toward a centralization of power such as Jefferson warned us against and as even Hamilton never contemplated. Curiously enough these tendencies and disregard for precedents are most poignant and. blatant at the South, taking the place of the old outcry for State Rights and providing for a new slavery in sumptuary legislation, the immemorial abhorrence of Democrats and Democracy. They form a composite of sentiment and nonsense. Seeking to establish virtue among tho people by law, they are seized by parties to get power and by politicians to get office. Their centerpiece for the tima being is the prohibition of Intoxicants; but, if it served tho same purpose, they would rally for the overthrow of ice cream and soda water. Fanaticism makes no distinctions when it gets tho bee in its bonnet and the professional politicians follow where they think there are votes. m. At the outset of the agitation, which, in the States to the south of us, aimed chiefly "to keep whisky from the nigger," the Courier-Journal predicted that if it was encouraged and given the chance it would seek to fasten Prohibition on all the States. It contented itself, however, by the reaffirmation of Jeffersonian principles that before had not been anywhere denied. That no Democrat could be a Prohibitionist went without saying. Yet we said it, nevertheless. Then, as fanaticism increased its demands, and proposed to destroy property' without compensation, or due process of. law, we declared and this we shall be ever ready to maintain that no Prohibitionist can be a Christian. At no timo has the Courier-Journal been the friend of Intoxicants. Over and over again has it declared that the saloon, as it is conducted in America, Is an Indefensible quantity. All thnt can be said of tho evils which drink has brought into the world it has conceded to be true. If the Courier-Journal could annihilate these evils. It would gladly seize the opportunity. The effort to do this by drastic measures intemperate laws, and language vainly seeking to promote temperance has not only failed whero it has been v tried, but has brought along with It evils peculiarly its own ; smuggling and hypocrisy; adulteration and outlawry; the sheriff and the bootlegger too often In partnership to cheat the State of its revenues and play to the hand of dishonest politics and politicians. Tho progress which Prohibition has made may be ascribed to two forces: tho preachers of tho Gospel and the producers of drink. Jh politics the Courier-Journal is against both o them. Yet it is bound i to recognize the fact that each, as far as either goes, makes a plausible argument and has a paramount Inducement; the producer In the protection of property which he has lawfully acquired and which the preacher, in thej conservation of morals, to which he is apt to set himself too dogmatically, and sometimes intolerantly, would outlaw and confiscate. Thus an Irrepressible conflict is organized by two ex-j tremes, through sheer friction grown immoderate, the one losing sight of human nature and human Justice, the other of prudenoe and common sense, neither above doing the forbidden to carry its point. Is this not a fair statement of the case? Does it not verify all tho Courier-Journal has said about the precipitation by the issue of embltterment and corruption equally into our public and private life? It is an exact duplication of that other "irrepressible conflict" between freedom and slavery which cost us so much and disappointed so many. In spite of Abolition the negro is a negro still. In spite of Prohibition the drunkard will be a drunkard still." .The Courier-Journal does not know how in the coming org, either the COURIER-JOURNAL, LOUISVILLE, distillers or the brewers, or the preach-. ers are going to lino up. and, truth to say, it' does not care. It will cling, to its religion of Christ and Him Crucified, and its politics of Democracy, Un-terrifiod and Undented, expecting little of good to Kentucky, no matter who is nominated and who is elected, until the people have learned for themselves how to discriminate between sound policies and quack nostrums, between reason and hysteria, between rogues and honest men. Taking counsel of recent experience, they have a - long way to travel. Meanwhile whatever befalls them they can only thank one another, whilst they grin' and bear j.t, going down into their own pockets the while to pay for the dance. The German Transfer. The reported abandonment by Germany of tho "spring advance" and the transfer of. her forces to tho Eastern theater amounts to an admission of what has been apparent for several weeks: That Germany Is now definitely on the defensive. The decision is in no wise unexpected. It would have been the emptiest sort of endeavor, under the circumstances, for the Kaiser's Western army to attempt further advance into France, xeven had that been possible. The enormous significance; of the conflict in the East deserves and has now received tho concentrated at tention of the General Staff. With a swoop of Russian troops into South Central Europe, such as was threatened prior to the sending of German re-enforcements to the Carpathians, any advance that might have been accomplished on tho West would havo been worse than useless. That, of course, the General Staff must havo realized a month ago, and it has contented Itself these past few weeks with defensive warfare along the entire "Western front It must not be supposed from all this that the Western front so far as defensive operations are concerned. Is to be slightingly treated. It is important for Germany's hope of prolonged endurance that a barrier be set across the Russian advance in Southern Europe; on this, quite conceivably, pivots Balkan participation, if not that of Italy as well. But even this consideration does not transcend the importance jf an adequate defensive army in the West strong enough effectively to resist advances of tho allied troops on that front. It is inconceivable that the German General Staff, even in the straits to which they have been reduced, would commit the blunder of rendering themselves vulnerable at this vital point, for the sake of a less intimate consideration in tho East The situation, so far as the West is concerned, has changed potentially rather than actually. "There will bo no German advance in that quarter; but neither will there be, in all probability, any striking gains by the Allies. What the change will mean In the East is more difficult of estimate. The operations there have become the subject of confused and conflicting dispatches from Berlin and Petrograd. What appears with fair certainty is that such advances as have been accomplished by the Russians arc confined to the northern passes of the Carpathians, while tho Austrian and German troops have successfully resisted efforts to force the passes to the south. This explains, in some measure, the conflict between Petrograd's report that Russian troops already are in Hungary, and Berlin reports that the advance has been checked west of the Carpathians. In order to get the situation clearly in mind it . is necessary to remember that the Carpathians, broadly speaking, extend from 'northwest to southeast, and the opposing battle line3 stretch due east and west, the Russians facing South and the Austro-Germans facing north. Thus the critical point in the campaign now is at the southern passes, and it is here that tho Germans havo re-enforced the Austrians recently, and arc about now to re-enforce them more heavily. The Tobacco Growers. A little disappointing in its refer ences to buyers, thcletter of President McKec, of the Tobacco Growers' Association, nevertheless contains much that justifies hope for the successful conduct of the new organization. The letter is addressed to all growers of tobacco in the State, and Is evidently to be taken as an official statement of the purposes and policies to be pursued by tho association. It is gratifying to find here again in sistence upon the point that no dis turbance will be offered to organized activities outside tho membership of tho association. This persuasion was apparent in tho organization meeting ! at Lexington several weeks ago, and the opinion expressed by tho leaders. there did much to prepare the way for a friendly reception of the association by public opinion. Less is said In Mr. McKeo's letter about tho attitude to be taken toward the individual grower who does not choose to afflliato with the association; this is a little re grettable, since tho point -is the im portant and delicate one in anytobac- co : organization in Kentucky. The spirit that has informed tho association from its inception has been such as to reassure farmers in this particular, but the president would have made no mistake in emphasizing tho point again in his official communication. " "What is more satisfying is the indicated intention of the association to work in conjunction with rather than to. seek to supplant the various farmers' unions ind other bodies of ;-'S:"w - ft . -:,; r . -' -fevX TUESDAY MORNING, long-standing and demonstrated worth. If tho new association proves to be all-sufficient, the conflict or duplication will disappear naturally and in due course. President McKee is wise in insisting at the outset that the To bacco Glowers' Association does not intend to oppose any of these organi zations. On the whole, the letter is encouraging as to the prospective service of the association to growers. Some disappointment arises from the absence of any reference to the co-operation of buyers, which semed to be all but assured a little while ago. In the place of such reference Is another exposition of the iniquities of the buy er and the evils of the system that he represents. "Warnings and recrimina tions are here, whereas at the Lex ington meeting assurances were of fered that the way was clearing at last for mutually profitable co-operaticn between' buyer and grower. It is to be hoped that is the actual stale of affairs, and that President McKee's statements are not to be taken as a denial of what was indicated earlier. China's Eevolutiouists. A degree .of anxiety is relieved by the agreement of Chinese revolutionists, both In the United States and within tho young republic, to refrain from untoward activity during these critical days for their' country. They were capable of embarrassing the Chinese Government enormously In the very delicate and difficult position that it finds itself in to-day; moreover, they were urged to seize tho opportunity for doing Just that thing. That they have declined is testimony of a higher degree of sanity and patriotism alike than is usually attributed to the revolutionary mind. The negotiations between Japan and China have not ceased to. wear a disturbing look; it is by no means certain, despite all assurances, that China's in tegrity is entirely unthreatened. There are indications that quite the reverse is true. In such circumstances there is every necessity that the Chinese nation avoid even the appearance of internal dissension. "Whatever may have been the mistakes of the Yuan Shi Kai ad ministration In form and in act this is not tho time for revolt. This is what the revolutionary leaders have seen clearly and stated emphatically. It Is their intention, 'as professed, to uphold the hands of the President in the present negotiations, protesting only as their fellow-countrymen protest when the integrity of the republic ap pears in danger. One might have been sure of an attitude of -this sort had misgiving not arisen several weeks ago upon the pub lication of a letter from Dr. Sun Yat Sen urging the revolutionists to strike now the blow for which they have been preparing. This Chinese leader has steadily lost character during the past year and a half, through his harping and poor-spirited attacks upon the ad ministration of Yuan Shi Kai. Dr. Sen commanded the respect and admiration of the world in his battle for the libera tion of the Chinese people from the old Manehu dynasty: his second effort .it revolution is neither convincing in purpose nor admirable in method. His recent communication to the revolutionists was nearer the manner of a dis gruntled politician than a high-minded patriot Tho answer of the revolution ists is of a proper and reassuring character. Said Bartholdt, BernstorfTs congressional stool-pigeon, speaking last Saturday night before a mass meeting conducted by the American Neutrality League, an understudy "Of the Kaiser's Own: "In spite of President Wilson's neutrality announcement, we are carrying on n war against Germany and Austria. Oilieials in Washington and the press that is dominated by British gold are avoiding anything that would be em barrassing to Great Britain and are doing all they can to aid her in crushing Germany." What is this but another way of saying that the President of the United States "and all others in authority" are in the pay of England? Nay, it is an attack upon the whole American people, who are of one mind against the Hdhenzollcrn and the Hapsburg. Yet what else could be expected from a man who tells us that "England is importing cannibals from the South Sea Islands to light against Germany?" Was not the Courier-Journal right when it declared last winter, at the timo that this Bartholdt was organiz ing a movement of the Germans to consolidate tho German vote and thus to control American politics, that he ought to be expelled from Congress? Athletic training should not be over looked by a youth who is to inherit a million. He must be ablo to sido-step breach of promise suits, dodge taxes and do a hop, skip and jump to avoid tho adventuress who wants to black mail him by threatening to invoke tho Mann law. Says Reedy: 'Roosevelt's selzuro of the Canal Zone by way of tho fake revolution In Panama looks blacker and blacker. Gen. Bern- hard! approves of it But then, so does Roosevelt. What's a scrap of paper to a real scrapper?" That la rough on Bernhardt. If the final result of the war should be the subtraction of ono Emperor from the European pension list and the addition of one great republic to the world's exhibit of governmental evolu tion the rivers of blood could not be said to havo flowed in vain. "We have a feeling that the next Meeting between Mr. Tart "and tho Colonel will be at the funeral of the Democratio party." (Boston Transcript La, sakes! How you do go on! By the way, old sport, what party do you happen to belong to anyhow? 'i APRIL 20, 1915. Grins and Groans Spring Scene. Now spring Is with us, to be sure. For, scattered on the sward, We see the parlor furniture Set out around the yard. The tree in front distinctly buds And further to the rear The lovely smell of soap and suds Pervades the atmosphere. Now mother spreads upon a tub . Some odds and ends to munch, Providing thus for hungry hub A nice al fresco lunch. Of -Ho Further Use. V "What are these volumes you are throwing away?" "My library on international law." Sell Her the Powder. " "Women, by discarding petticoats, have nearly ruined my business." "You should note the tendency of the styles and balance your wares. "When a woman leaves off a petticoat she puts an extra coat' of powder on her face." Maybe So- "Here's a man predicts that movie shows will eventually bring $5 a seat". "Well, things havo a way of evening up. I suppose tthen we can see grand opera for a nickel." Another Product Besides the flowers That gaily bud Those- April showers Bring' May mud. Between. Girls. "How can you be engaged to a man 6p years old? He has, however, jgiven you some magnificent presents." "That's the point A first lore is romantic, but a last love is very lavish." Above Sea Level. "Where is this hotel?" "On Mont Blanc." "How high Is it there?" "Seven dollars a day if you look prosperous." Careful Shoppers. Some ladies don't care to buy a postage stamp without looking over an assortment. Answers To Questions Questions addressed to this department will receive prompt and careful attention. Questions, if not typewritten, should be in plain, legible handwriting, of general interest and written on one side of tho paper only. Inquirers must not expect individual replies through the mail. Communications to be addressed to "Question and Answer" Department. A. Z.. Louisville. Question: What pro vision was made by tho late Congress for adding to the strengtn oi tne navy: Answer: The Naval Bill, as finally pass ed, provided for two additional dreadnoughts, six destroyers, two sea-going submarines, sixteen coast-aeiense suo-marlnes and a million dollars for the development of tho navy's aeroplane service. Header May, Frankfort. Ky. Question: Can you give me a brief historical sketch of the Erie Canal in New York State? Answer: The Erie Canal extends across the State of New York from Buffalo to Albany, connecting the Great Lakes with the Hudson River. This canal, second in length only to the great canal of China among the artificial waterways of the world, played a most Important part in the commercial development of the State of New York, and probably more than any other influence contributed to the estab-Hshment of New York City as the great port and commercial center of the Eastern coast of the United States. In 17S4 a survey of the Mohawk Valley was made, and plans were submitted to the New York Legislature for the connection of the Hudson River and Lake Ontario by an artillcial waterway. Another survey was made in 1"31, and In 1702 the Western Inland Canal Company was chartered. By the end of 17 this corporation had built six miles of canal at Little Falls to facilitate the use of the Upper Mohawk River. In 1S16 a Canal Commission was appointed, and tho work was taken over by the State with the result that In ISIIl a section of the canal from Rome to Uticit was open for navigation, and In the following year Seneca Lake was reached. On October 26. 1S25. the first canal boat. Seneca Chief, left Buffalo for New York, and navigation from the Great Lakes to tidewater was established. As originally constructed it was forty feet wide at the top, twenty-eight feet wide at the bottom and four feet deep: the actual cost was 57.143.789. hut by 1836 it had turned into the treas ury more than us cost, in .s3o the canal was enlarged to seventy feet wide at the top, fifty-two feet wide at the bottom and seven feet deep, and accommodated vessels of six-foot draft and 240 tons, capable of a. load of 8,000 bushels of wheat, as compared with 1,000 bushels at the primitive stage. The canal, as hulll. was 352 miles in length. Almost from the slart it became a source of direct profit 10 me siaie. tram isw to jssz, when tolls wore abolished, the gross rev-emms of the Krie Canal were tl21.461.871, while the cost of operation and maintenanee amounted to J2ii.270.301. Subsequently, inrouKii uie opposition oi tne railroads and political influence, a decline of the canai ousmesa set in, and from about tho year 1WW became phenomenal. Little or nothing was done In the way of Improvement until 1855. when an ntio,. of $0,000,000 was authorized providing for the deepening nf the canal In nlno font This amount was inadequate, and the im provement eueciea whr slight. so that after considerable agitation, in 11X13. th! enlargement of the canal was smbmltted to the people, anil its Increase In size to accommodate 1,000-ton barges was d'ulv voted. Inquirer. Snruurneld. "KV rtdtnn. Can you -sucKcst whore Information can bo had on the utilization of tobacco as a medicine in treating ailments of tho human and animal world, and also a ait Ingredient of certain fertilizers? Answer-Apnllcatlnn might be made to the Kentucky Experiment Station. Lexington J. P. S. Answer: In case nf application name and address should be LAWS OF NftVftL WARFARE DISCUSSED AT LUNCHEON Laws of naval warfare were discussed by Judge Alexander P. Humphrey at tho regular quarterly meeting of the Louisville Bar Association held yesterday at noon at Klein's restaurant. About fifty members were present. Judge Humphrey was careful to confine himself to a statement of international usages and of the rights of belligerents and neutrals, and avoided making any comment that might be regarded as criticism either favorable or otherwise of the Administration or of the nations at war. The speaker devoted considerable time to a consideration of the declaration of London, which was never ratified by all the nations Involved in the present struggle, and pointed out the effects of this declaration were it recognized as binding now. Tho diplomatic situations arising durln tho . war between tho States were, also discussed by Judge Humphrey. In Kentucky Owensboro "Looking Up." '(Owensboro Inquirer.) ' 1 There has been a great amount of house cleaning during the past week, as well as the building of a number of additions to small houses. Several new fences are also being erected and houses painted. Outhouses are receiving their annual coats of whitewash, and shrubbery and flowers are also being planted in many beautiful lawns throughout the city. With the completion of - the new streets, in which the contractors will begin work the latter part ot this week, Owens-boio will be a clean city a more healthful city and a better place in which to live. Would Move "Weather Bureau. (Lexington Leader.) Negotiations are on looking to the removal of the weather bureau from the main building at State University, where it has been located for the last twenty-six years, to a more desirable and convenient site in the business section of the city. Options have been taken on a suite of rooms on the fourteenth floor of the Fayette National Bank building, and also on the top floor of tho Security Trust Company's building, and it is practically certain if the change is ordered that one of these two locations will be chosen. Hre Tests. , (Paducah News-Democrat) The regular monthly fire drill for April was conducted at three schools by Capt. Noah English, of fire station No. 4, the schools being tho Longfellow, Lincoln and Lee. The pupils at the Longfellow school, including seven rooms and 260 pupils, got out of the building in one minute, as did 256 pupils from the seven rooms of the Lee building. The negrc school children at the Lincoln building made a record for the day, when they emptied the building in fifty seconds. Want Station Retai ned. (Henderson Gleaner.) . The fate of the hog cholera station in Henderson seems still in doubt The Government men have nothing to sell. They bring money and brains to Henderson county. They take nothing away. Tbey have helped many a farmer to save his hogs from cholera. These farmers should rally as a man and ask the Commercial Club and the Crop Improvement Association what they can do to cinch the station for Henderson for another period. 756,000 Eggs. (Maysville Public Ledger.) "Who would have thought that there were shipped from Maysville the past week seven carloads of hen's eggs? Seven carloads of eggs contain approximately 2,100 cases of thirty dozen each, or 756,000 eggs. Yet with several million hens working twelve hours a daj' each the egg output is naturally large. . The Answer. (Paris Democrat) We do not desire to advertise our sister city of Lexington unduly, but at last tho secret is out why so many Paris people have been going to Lexington in the past few weeks. Lexington has on display the latest models in women's dresses. In the afternoon you see many of them on Main street. You know we have had some windy weather. You also know the skirts are wide like an umbrella, and come about as far down on the figure as the covering of an umbrella comes on the central rod or handle, when it is in the attitude of shedding rain. NAME BEFORE RESERVE BOARD (Continued From First Page.) ager of the Guaranty Trust Company, of New York, spoke on "Acceptances." "Present Facilities for the Clearance of Checks by the Federal Reserve Banks" was the general subject for the afternoon session, the leaders in the discussion being Mr. Clare-Avery, C. R. McKay, deputy governor of the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, and J. H. Herzog, vice president of the National Commercial Bank of Albany, N. Y". Another subject brought up during the afternoon was that with respect to banks acting in the capacity of trustee. Thomas Hildt, vice president of tho Astor Trust Company, ot New York, read a paper on this subject, discussion of which it was decided to resume when the organization begins its final session this morning. Reports mado ,by officers yesterday showed an increase of seventy-nine members during the year. Tour of City To-day. After the concluding session to-day the local Entertainment Committee will havo the visitors as its guests for an automobile ride through the parks, ending at the Loulsvillo Country Club, whore a buffet luncheon will bo served. The start will be made at 3:30 o'clock this afternoon. The local Entertainment Committee, which arranged also for last night's banquet, consists of Percy H. Johnston, of the Citizens National Bank; W. R. Cobb, of the Union National: F. R. Merhoff, of the German Insurance: F. L. Mose-ly, of the American National; E. B. Robertson, of tho Southern National;' George. W. Lewis, of the Fidelity & Columbia Trust Company: Maj. John H. Leathers, of the Louisville National Banking Company, and Logan C. Murray, of the American National. The programme' for this morning follows: "Audited Statements," E. F. Rorebeck, vice president Metropolitan Trust Co., New York City, nnd L. F. Kiesewetter, vice president Ohio National Bank, Columbus, O.: "Country Clearlng-Houses." Cavl "H. Lewis, assistant cashier Central Bank & Trust Co.. Atlanta, Ga.. and "Deduction of Interest on Items In Transit," C. F. Shaw, assistant cashier Fourth-street National Bank, Philadelphia, Pa. Officers and directors of the association are: Mr. Seiter, president; Thomas Hildt, vice president. National Bank of Commerce, Baltimore; William M. Post, treasurer. National Exchange Bank, Milwaukee, and Mr. Johnston, secretary. Directors Charles H. Ayers, People's State Bank, Detroit; F. A. Crandall, National City Bank, Chicago: R. S. Hawes, Third National Bank, St. Louis; L. F. Kiesewetter. Ohio National Bank, Columbus; G. G. Moore, New England National Bank. Kansas City; H. D. Ormsby. 'National Bank of Kentucky, Louisville; C. F. Shaw, Jr.. Fourth-street. National Bank, Philadelphia; W. B. Taylor, .Boatmen's Bank, fit. Louis, amiT cas Williams, Irving Naii.fnJH-1 New York City. ZhSerWh0 ii",ent,el ycstenJa,'- iu.iinu irum aiscus3l0n . controversy raging between the National Bank, of WashlnWol'11 officials nf ho T.... ""!0n, , An officer explained that thT: tion's constitution excluded nt50' of subjects of such a nature " Attendance of ISO The delegates who had regt,r tolows-010 yeSt6rday tinAtJohtaKCottie5I'eW,8 ' sBoston-W. A. Durnham. Buffalo, N. Y. George R. nj CincinnaU-EdWard A. e Pochat, C. W. Dupuls, G. w & Robert McEverly, W. C. Wachs J. Goble, S. M. Richardson ' Chicago C. B. Hazelwood, Addi. Corneau. C. R. Mf r.?' ."""Ss P. Johnson, M. W. Til'den "nrrV Kee, John H. Grier, F. A. Crandti T gmj Stevens, Harvey PlckrT l Cleveland, O. W. E. Ward r , Corcoran. ' L L. Schneider. gTa. Archer5"'' lesf"aS'TeX-M-B-K!U,i'J'D.Gi!. Detroit Mich w vr -c-u.., - . lAyers. a. Denver, CoL C. F. Uanh.i H. Woodward. .Inmau tnnu h A. Houston, Tex. -G. G. Tlmmins.. Indianapohs-E. D. Moore, j R Mueller, A. H. Taylor, c. 0. RobtawV Kansas City. Mo.-lra E. OwMtt Louisville Percy H. Johnston W p Cobb, F. R. Merhoff, F. L. Moseler v B. Robertson, George w. Lewin jv H. Leathers, Logan C. MurraT- " Milwaukee, Wis. E. A. Farmer t H. Williams. E. .1. Hughes. WnEli Post, R. R- Ro-ehm. E. A. ReddSn.11 Minneapolis, Minn. S. H fiTi. W. L. Mattson. BtMit'' Nashville, Tenn. J. S. McHear?, X P. Le Sueur, V. J. Alexander New York D. E. Rlsley, G. B HaU ?ut' J'.p- Ro, f. W. Ellsworufl L. Williams, C. H. Marifleld, T? s New Orleans R. S. Hecht L. V to Albert Breton. ,W( Omaha. Neb. J. De F. Richards. Philadelphia H. J. Haas. Pittsburg W M. Bell. Richmond, Va. H. S. RosseiL J n Hill. D. "W. Durrett. W. F. AugosUM. St Louis F. L. Johnson, E. t Hawes, W. J. B. McCarter, D. a Chit-Avery, J. R. Lea veil, L. G. LaBaiit Buck Taylor, George R. Baker J i Johnston, C. F. Herb, Frank KhW ton, A. O. Wilson, J. A. BemhVgtam Toledo, O. R. B. Crane. WINS POINT IN D. A. R. BAT (Continued From First Page.) Mrs. Jerome Conner, of Frankfort, am Mrs. John Thixton. Miss Clara Tjh and Mrs. Camden Riley, of Owensbon-Miss Connelly. Mrs. W. H. Thompsoi of Lexington, and Mrs. I. A. Edmunds of Hopkinsville. The president's address follows: "In these times when unusual tiinp are happening and there, are mani queries as to the future I suppose tta these associations whoso business it a to commemorate the Dast must u in the'future. Our business, of count is not merely one of recollection, not merely the business of remembering and revprenclner tlio traHttfnnc nf tfc country tnat we love. There is.no (lis-nity in a tradition which has lost to practical energy, and our interest is traditions is that they should beat fruitage in the present and a lS richer fruitage in the future. "Your Society is narticttlarlv intend. ed to commemorate the circumstance kit the, birth of this nutifH, hnt T lV, it tor granted tnat , it is not -year, thought to create an exclusive co&t-i pany of those whose recollections tr heredity run back to that fcTeat oil. but that your thought is also of lb constant rebirth of the nation. In i peculiar degree the United State seems to be reborn from generation u generation, because renewed out of lE tho sources of human energy in ll world. There is here a great roeltin? pot in which we must compound a precious metal. That metal Is the metal of nationality, and if you v& not think I am merely playins npn words I would like to spell the mi 'metal' in two ways. For it is just most interested in. ' The Supreme Test. "There are many tests by which i nation makes proof of its greatness but it seems to me the supreme test is self-possession, the power to resiS excitement, to think calmly,' to thiol in moments of difficulty as clcarlr as it would think in moments of t3S-to be absolutely master ot itself. of its 'fortunes. . - "Therefore, it seems to me tnat m object of traditions such as this society cherishes and means to assist perpetuating is to show us the ta"5 of principle upon which we shall our poise. We are interested in ! United States, politically speaking, nothing but human liberty. Weare interested In politics of government fj their own sake. I venture to say U" if there should ever be discover .- .r ..,.n,T,ftnt -than IK ucimi 1U1 Hi vi few ri .....v..- ---- democratic, wc should wish to ' it, because it was better, for onr r i ,inL- in the hark. our- ject is not merely to preserve fJ" but to preserve a precious es5eui.c- tnat is tne essence ml m-- y q nity. and essential human rights. ideals cannot be maintained w steadiness of view amidst . contest- excitement, and what I am.c,S, iy Hoping i cicu o .rjIJ. such as you ladies exercise, f;i pie, win ui- iTAt-iucvu .. rriti- sober second thought upon cutf) cn cal matter that arises. Th thought Is apt to proceed from inip is apt to proceed ironi pivi-"j predilection, from some transientsjw pathy. but we cannot "' ".jcBt thize with anybody or anything w the passing generations ol ings. America rorgeis " born for when she does exactls - every other nation i loses her recollection of her main ject, as sometimes nation? i W- sometimes, perhdps. he henrtK done, in pursuing some transitory object. ' - Must Use General Terms. "I cannot speak, ladies as j j ., 1 (orms.-l in more tnan genii it it Is indiscreet for me to sprtK -ii tn tnet.1- But I can ask you to i -' ftp which is dearer in ml tll"a,rc,i!i any other cause ana in. . ' . t0 f of righteousness jjr m "' "$tl si those wno iioiu "".:,- VeHP ...j ..r,iincr n nr nclplc. .".V-Ijj Preserve U,c judicial because we nuu.u an --. utntf!r others, but because 'f ly wish to sit ln Judgm nt upon selves, because u " "- . otA. wish to be justmeu rf rf s fi hv the standarua " , nr. Tin vou vvuuw---., own national . .jpec honing for such things and or such things from bodies this.I should be glad to con vou? That I should esteem it?', to say tnui t niiim -h yonj! cart in the great thiiieMfl ,.Hini, tr. An' and to create of tho national spun.

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