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The Tennessean from Nashville, Tennessee • Page 2

The Tennesseani
Nashville, Tennessee
Issue Date:
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

5 A MODEL OF STYLE. Massachu.el's and Soulh From Washington. PROGRESS OF AMERICAN MANU-i FACTURES. It is somewhat remarkable that wiile our Free Trade or anti-TariS" journals are pro -claiming that, if the duties which we deem I essential to the protection of American ests were removed, we could buy cotton goods of British Manufacture cheaper than latest From Mexico. The New Orleans "Crescent-City" of the 7th inst.

brings the following intelligence from Mexico, the latest that has been received since the news of the Revolution: "The brig Cashier, Capt. Baker, arrived in port last evening, 11 day3 from Campeachy. The Captain informs us thai he brings no papers. He state3, however, that the revolution was still progressing, and that Santa Anna remained at Queretaro, hemmed in by the two aspiring parties, each demanding the settlement of his account with the Government. He also slates that a number of young men (about four or five hundred) had marched against Tobasco, and that the city had been revolutionized and declared in favor of the new or federal CONGRESS.

Jan. 8th. The Smithsonian Institute; The Bill for the establishment of the Smithsonian Institute gave rise to an interesting debate. Mr. Choate led off in an eloquent speech which is highly complimented by the Globe.

The following brief abstract from the Baltimore American will gratify many of our readers. Mr. Choate of moved an amendment to the liill of Mr. Tappan, the object of which was to chanye the institution from a College or Lecture In- stitution, in'o a Library. He said be trusted that whatever irngnt oc the diversity ol opinion in regara to the manner of disposing of the Smithsonian fund, al! would agree that something ought lo be done with it, and that immediately.

The faith of the United States was pledged and the donor was in his grave. JNo chancellor was appointed to command the fulfilment of our obligation and the whole ques lion was submitted to our honor, our honesty, ar good faith. The Bill before the Senate was then discussed unon ils merits It nrovided for Professors, Lec turers, and divided the institution into departments of Mathematics, Chemistry, Mineralogy, History, Architecture and all the branches of science. Eloquent references were made lo prior exertions upon this subject. In the House, J.Q.

Adams and in the Senate Ashur Robins, both men who grew old still learning, had each endeavored to show that the establishment of a College was not necessary, at least not desirable or likely to be effected. A great and valuable library in bis view should be founded, combining all the works that had been written which could be procured. The European Libraries were contrasted with our own for the purpose of showing the room there was and the necessity there was of doing more than we had done, and what we might do upon this subject. Our Statesmen and Students in Lileralure ccnld derive greal benefit from such an institution, and we should find with the advantages such an institution would present, that Ihe seat of learning and learned men hereafter would be confined to no spot or conn-try. Such a work as Gibbon's Rome or Rollins' History could not be written here now.

Wssh ington Irving had to go Hboad in search of materias for his books, and though Whealon wrote much of lis books al home, he obtained the materials for it from foreign libraries. Mr. Tappan and Mr. Woodbury als spoke on the subject. The Bill will be remodelled to suit the views expressed, and we are happy to heir that the object will command general concurrence in Congress.

Robert Owen. In the House of Representatives a proposition to arant the use of the Hall to Robert Owen for the purpose of delivering four discourses on the I pravement of Human Society, was laid on the table by a vote of 91 to 63. It amounts lo a refusal. Another Annexation Scheme! In addition to the six schemes already before Congress from the Democracy, for the annexation ol Texas, Mr, Dromgoole offered a new Bill. As Mr D.

is regarded in the character of a Party Leader we give the Bill at large. Mr. Dromgoole's Proposition. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Untied Stales of America in Congress assembled, and it is hereby enacted and declared. That the Congress doth consent that a new State may be erected within the jurisdiction of the Republic ol I exag adjoining the states of Lou siana and Arkansas, and bounded also by the Gulf of Mexico, with a repulica.i form of government, to be adopted by the inhabitants of said Republic, assembled by deputies in convention, with the consent of the existing Government, in order that the said new State may be admitted into this Union.

And be it further enacted and declared, That the foregoing consent of the Congress is given upon the fallowing conditions, viz. that the new State shall be formed and its Government adopted prior to the 4th of July in the present year, and that the bound aries of the said new State, conforming to the out lines before stated, and containing an areanot ex ceeding thousand square miles, shall be defined by the convention of deputies, and inserted in the Constitution or form of government; and that the assent of the State shall be also inserted to such boundaries of the remaining territory properly per taining to Texas, and to be claimed and field by said new State on superseding the present Govern ment, as may be settled and di nned by the Govern ment of the United States by negotiation and treaty or otherwise. And be it further enacted and declared, That, on the aforesaid 4th of July in the present year, the said new State, having been thus formed and defined by Ihe name and style of the State of Texas, shall be received and admitted into this Union as a new and entire member of the United States of America. No objection being made to its introduction, the bill was received and was read the first and second time, and referred to the Committee of the VVbol. The Texas Debate was then resumed by Mr.

Caleb Smith of Indiana in opposition to annexation. Some of his refer ences were well and ably put. The Globe of last Spring was then quoted to show that She cries of English interference upon Ibis Texas question were an invention, and further, that Texas could not be annexed without endangering Ihe country. Mr. Van Buren's letter in reply to Mr.

Hammelt was also quoted to show lhat ihe present opinions were not as they were a short time since, and yet that no circumstances had exist ed to change what was so short a lime since the actual public sentiment of the country. Mr. Smith spoke eloquently of Texas' indebtedness in connection with the indebtedness of the United States. It seemed to him a monstrous thing that while the American name had been dishonored and while the country stood disgraced in the eyes of the world in consequence of the sin of repudiation, we could not pay our own debts, and yet we proposed lo assume Ihe debts of a foreign nation to an indefinite amount. We knw neither what these debts were whether ten or twenty millions of dollars, or twice thatamount and just as little did we know what the resources of Texas were, wherewith lo meet this debt.

Should not personal respect, national honor, every feeling of patriotism prompt us to preserve our own credit and character before going abroad to pay the debts of a foreign country? The House refused to change the hour of meet ing from 12 M. to 11 A. M. and also to hold nigh' CAPTAIN BIRMINGHAM OF THE STEAM- BOAT "CAPITOL." Pass him along! A card published in the LouisvilletJournal and signed by a large number of passengers, represents the conduct of this man a brutal the extreme. The Palestine and Allegha- 6 ceuency, dovernor on M.i me Legislature his in regard lo the uluirs of lion to South Carolina After of the reasons why ihe action ia i taken by Massachusetts, his the course adopted by the Coii'-Vf Hoar, and expresses his better thuuh-' maintain the stand which she has 'l3 appears to he ofuphvon -cient cause of going to war wiili hhxk has neglected lo pay one of the debt to us.

Wo wonder what Vnm 1 "'ii" einer paying republics thick on this bra. ch gentium? ci Jus LOOK OUT! If ihe distant rumblings of thunder are arv ol what is to come, and if well authen, 1 ports are to be believed, Mr. w- 1 aforesaid buzzards and "nenrhwo- 'Ce or.Missouristorm, worse Session., 'Mt Missouri Legislature, so timn 'insiruct-u'-'. have merely endorsed bis former course, a( lbs lesoiunon passed in i feels that he has triumphed.

bnj He f34m DKinmi FOR 1845 CALCULATED BY W. L. WU.LF.FOKD many valuable Statistical Tables, among which are ihe the year 1845 Table ernment, lime of Election ami il 'the Legislatures of the different Siat--s- ettlement of each of the StMn, wh-n Union, the Capital. i.uaiuer'oCu,. opulalion Times and places Tennessee Members of T.

mi 1 ij-i--Disiances on the Ohio and "-IM "I iu new wrieuns I of the General Government from the present time The Judiciarv-I fi.rui seniation in the House nf I "---'Ui: i census unptm, Methodist Cath nan churches the I', js. ICT-FOR SALE AT THIS OFFICE Waufcd to JSSire, fOR the present year, an able-bodied ncw man. Enquire at this office. 3 January 17, 1S45. Jl'E partnership heretofore existing il-o S.

firm of w-a, bis day dissolved by muinnl conrei.1. All new n. i saw rirni, either l-y or Account I to coll early and iw.tka payment, as ihj business mu5l bo speedily closed. ellums lvi1' P'esent them I to nil hpr nf itio I .,11 7 n-nom are all morisefl to make settlements and use ilu- ihe old Firm. RALPH MAPvT TEMPLE O.

HAKKIS John w. MAinr. IS-15. Nashville, Jan. I1; RALPH fc JOHN llWILL continue the DRY GOOHS business at their old stand on Market sirtel.

respectfully solicit the patronage of their old cut-tomers and the public generally. ItALI-II MAHTIV JttliN W. J1ASL11X. Nashville, Jan. 17, IS-tu.

1 in CHAXCE2Y SALE. PURSUANT to a decree of the Court of eery at Franklin, al its October term, in the cause pending therein between ainue! Love, Ex and others complainants, rinis! IV.iMra 1 the 5lh of Apri at Hnn'in and two years, ihe folluvvig lands ttia estate of Charles I. Love A tract of land in the 1 1th District, 7 nml 8, Section 7, iu Tipton county, coi.uiiim." looO acres. A tract of 1000 acres, tho lower point of Island No. 35.

A tract of Sftacres, on north-west sido of Island No. 35. A tract of 285 acres, on north-west side of Isl.u.d No. 35. A tract of 300 acres, upper or.d of Island 35.

A tract of 142 acres, do d.i Bond with approved security, and a lien refined until the same be paid. BENJ. LITTON, C. M. Jan.

17, 1845. Pr's fee $6 The lands will be surveyed, and plats will be exhibited on the day of sale. The West Tennessee Whiff, at Jackson, i.ii.i iii-i Memphis Enquirer will insert ihe above we-kiy it three weeks successively, and for.vaid their account to this office. Micaj.ih G. 3.

Claiborne, vs. In Chant trunk! John E. lireathitt and others, fT appearing bv affidavit, tint the d. John E. Brealhitl, Mury P.

Il.entbi-t, Wo II. Carroll and LliZi Jane his wife, and L.Iivn llreaihilt, ae not citizens the nessee, so twin the ordinary pnuu-ss el cannot be served upon than, it is fn- that publication I. made in ilw Weekly II- Banner, a no 1 spnper printed in the ni for three weeks uotifyiri the s.ti.i '-i-I-m; ants to abpear al the next Chancery I held at the court-heuse in un lb'1 Monday in April next, then and ihere swor or demur In bii), or -i will be taken for eonleste.l nnd b-r iIi l1-parto. A Copy Attest: BENJ. LIT i.N, 31.

The bill in substance tif ilia' in Jsn.r.rv February 137, one Edward It: tb- ri i i zen of couniy,, jru -d life, having previously made his last i ment, which was proven and r.r.i-.ii.l: tho defendant P. Breathitt, his wiuv. pointed Adm'x. with ih'i will annextd: mid is the Stub October, 1839, tho Mkix'mi" J---'- I Breathitt, William II. Carroll and v.

1-(who was a daughter ol said ceased, and subsequently to his nil :1 with said Wm. II. Carroll) and IMv.a -who were the only children nf sa -ill, dee'd, filed a Bid in the Clime. tv 1 Franklin ag-iinst ihosaid M-iry I'. A-nn with the will annexed, to have a pn.per i-lion put upon the will and for a p.t on estate of the testator; that the said K.

I'--' -dee'd, among other property, died seized i sessed of about 900 acres of land in tne r--'i: Williamson, on or near the waters oi II i) lhat it yvas ordered in said cause, anu-i things, thfit said real esiale'sbuubi I i Commissioners, but which never 1 The bi'l further states; that on the 15h 1 1340, complainant recovered a judgment cuit Court (if Davidson ceunty. -'V W. Perkins and the said JrhJ F. sum of $617 50, and cosis $12 execution issued to -1 and was returned by him ''no pro;" -r'y I '0-1'; afterwards an alias execution is-ued un a al to theShenff nf iliiamson county him levied on the interest of the said Join; 11' in he tract of land on Hay tioned, and aficr publicly advenising ii are olsllte Ihe irrerest 01 lne r. the Duke of Wellington is remarkable for saying whai he ha3 to say, in the fewest possible words.

When he wished Sir George Murray to become a member of his Administration, the latter expressed some misgivings as to his ability to speak for his Department iu the House of Commons, on account of bis deficiency as an orator. "Pooh!" said the Duke "say what you think!" A tradesman who had dunned his eldest son the marquis of Douro ia vain for payment of a note, at last in despair wroto a long letter on the subject to the Duke, concluding with a request that he should see lhat justice was done, to which the Duke replied. "Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington is not the Marquis of Douro, neither does he collect 5Ir. Smi'h's debts." The latest specimen of this Ducal style we find in one of our foreign journals by the Acadia. In Ihe course of an application to the at Lambeth Street, on VVednesday, by a number of men who had served in the British Lenjon in Spain, for SOtHe nseiilanoo, foIloLving ohartiotoriotia epistle of the Duke of Wellington, in answer to a letter from one of the ufferers of tho Legion, was read "London, 31st November 1843, "Field-Marshall the Duke of Wellington has received Samuel Shaw's letter, and returns the documents; which, being original papers, ought not to have been sent lo hitn.

"The Duke of Wellington is the Commander-in-chief of her Majesty's Army, and not of lhat of the Queen of Spain. He has no control over the latter and declines to interfere with any affair over which he has no control. "Samuel Shaw, having been in the service of the Q.ueen of Spain, should apply lo those who induced him to enter into the service of lhat Sovereign. "Samuel Shaw, 31 George Yard, Whiiechapel." Short and sharp, the true style of a man of deeds. THE PUBLIC LANDS.

Tbe report of Thos. H. Blake, the United States Public Land Commissioner, to tbe Secretary of the Treasury, gives interesting and valuable information .1 t.i: 1 i me puunu minis, jjunug ine last year the sales amounted to acres, 143,894 more than during the year preceding. The sales have been mainly in small sections to actual occupants. About acres have during the year been offered at public sale.

In Ohio, all the public lands have been brought into market except tho Wyandot reserve, containing 103.771 acres, and a few other detached portions. In Indiana an Indian reserve of 9S3.892 acies is the onlvnor- tion tnat nas not been broujillt into market, In Illinois the mineral lands'containing 409 acres, with a few suspended tracts, are all that have not been offered. In Missouri uuuui one-nttn oi tne territory is still unsur veyeu. in Arkansas one fourth of the terri-' tory has not been offered for sale. In Louisiana about one third of the territory is still out of the market.

In Mississippi there are very small portions that have not yet been exposed to sale, and in Florida the sales have been limited. In general reference to the public domain in both the States and Territories mentioned, it may be estimated that within the limits of the treaty of 17S3, with ureat Uritain, 74,024, (4i! acres have been i sold; of 1803, with France, 16,550,121 and of 1819, with Spain 877,331 acres. The aggregate receipts from the sales of tbe pub-: lie lands in thp Tprritnrios: tioned, for the present calender year, estimating for a portion of the last quarter, or being over those of the preceding year, and of the year preceding that 776,533. Bounty lands to soldiers of the last war- have been disposed of to the amount of 20,735 1 acres. 1 he chums remaining on the files of.

tne lantl otnee, nun consiuereu good, anil on hich nothing has been pnitl, are 305 in number, and call for 239,693 acres. In the Chickasaw cession of 1S32, part lying in Mississippi, and part in Alabama, the aggregate amount of -sales, from 1339 to the end nf the third quarter of the present year, is acres and 17,475 patents have been issued. The amount of public lands not included in the districts of the Surveyors' General lying in the north western territory, east ot the Rockv Mountains, and exclusive of the ceded lands in Iowa, is nearly 500,000,000 of acres; and west of the Locky Mountains, up to 49 (legs, of latitude, and to latitude 54 degs. 40,323,176,820 acres. The remainder of the report refers chiefly to the relations existing between the Surveyors' General and their deputies.

N. Y. Cour. ey Knq. Institution for Ui.j.nd, 13, 1845.

Mr.ErjiTOR The ar.sVT.': to the Algebraic pro" blem in your paper of to-day, is, as brought by two of our younger pupils, as follows: The husband 36 years and the wife 18. SOLUTION. If, at their marriage, 3-9 or of her age is equal to 1-6 of his, it is evident that the whole of her age is equal lo of his. Let then aqua! her age, and 2 equal his in 1830. In 1844 her age was 1-1 years, and bis age 2 14 years.

INow ol 4-8 equal ana s-o ol 4-10 equal 6-25. Hence we have the follow ing equa- B' 3X 42 12X 84 8 25 Cleared of fractions 75X 1050 96X 672 Reduced 1 18 years, age of the wife. The above is thought to bo a correct solution. Yours Respectfully, W. H.

C. The following is the Problem referred lo by our woithy correspondent. PUZZLE. When I and my Husband were married in the year 1830, three ninths of my age then equal to one sixth of his. In the year 1844 (ihe past year) three fourths of four eighths of my age was just equal to three fifths of four tenths of his.

What were our ages when married? If tho above is not solved an answer will be sent next week. Memphis Eagle. U. S. BANK.

A meeting of the stock holders of the Bunk of the United States'! was held in Philadelphia on Monday, Jan. 6. The Directors made a report of the affairs of the Bank. All the asset of the Bank hud been assumed to secure debtors, except the stocks hypothecated in Europe, the account of which now stands as follows; Due in Europe on loans, Interests, 12,500.350 00 103, S39 00 $12,604,189 00 14,675.906 16 208,304 60 Hypothecated on account of loans On account, interest, 76 The report concludes as follows: Although the Dincors cannot m-ike an official report in relation to the notes of Ihe Bank in cirnn- I lalion, the deposiles, yet as it is of some interest to me stockholders, as well as to the community, the following statement is submitted and believed to be substantially correct: Circulation of Bank and Branch Notes, from statement of Bank Unitvd S'ates -1st Janmry, 1S45 $3, 325,736 90 Post Notes 31S.793 07 Individual Balances, 480.027 35 Bank Balances 183,331 53 85 Less the amount on hand in the three Trusts, viz: Bus. Notes 1st Trust, 2S5.355 2d do 914,740 3d do $1,359,917 39 93 INKR MOW SHALL THE TAKflBT BE AL TERED.

WhRe the "Loco Foco organs even some of those which profess to be opposed to Free Trade are denouncing the Tariff Act of 4842 and demanding a total -alteration of the Tates of duty, they cannot agree as to the -ar ticles on which the proposed changes should lip effected. instance, in Congress we find the Pennsylvania democratic represehta lives indignantly rising against any intimation of a purpose to touch iron. High protection of that article is the promised land tliey saw from the Pisgah of Tolkdom, according to nnR of their own orators. Yet the Nashville Union quotes with an exclamation, a state ment from the N. Y.

Journal of Commerce, lo show that "the protection given under 'that act to the Iron makers is only sixty sen "en per cent!" Wepresume the exclamation mark is meant to indicate our contemporary's wnnrW at the modesty of the iron-maters -savins they had only that amount of protec tion, and that it was "a reasonable rate." Does he then differ with the Pennsylvania Democracy and their representatives on this vital point? and "is he, notwithstanding the admonition of Mr. Charles Ingersoll, ready to meddle with their Again. This same writer who thinks 67 per cent on iron only reasonable insists according to. the Union that the sugar pjanfer'sprote- nion should he brought down. 'He for unsettling the Whig Tariff but when iron is mentioned, "Hands Off" is his cry.

"Our 'protection is all right and proper. Bring "down the sugar duties But what say the enemies of the Tariff in Louisiana to that? We nave the answer full and to the point in the New 'Qrleans Jeffersonian Republican, a Loco journal, conducted by John F. H. Claiborne. We find in that pnper of the 6th inst.

ah elaborate article against the Tariff of 1842, introducing some Free Trade views from the New York Evening Post. After, arguing for a Tariff of "the Revenue Standard" this New Orleans 'Loco Foco Free Trade journal comes out for the protection of Sugar, and for the present duty Now, according to the Union's, quotation rom the friend of iron protection, "the producers of brown sugar in Louisiana are protected at the rate of one hundred and thirty per cent! And this the New Orleans Jeffersonian Republican considers "within the bounds of a fair revenue We quote the whole passage: "Take the article of foreign sugar for example It is considered a legitimate subject of revenue, and a strictly revenue doty, al the same time that it pots money in the coffers of Government, affords protection to the home article, and thereby encourages a branch of American agriculture and manafactures. We are not prepared do say that the present duty, under existing circumstances, may not be considered within the bounds of a fair heventte duty. Sugar is a subject of nniversal consumption, and therefore, has been held to be a proper subject for revenue. Mr.

Calhoun explicitly declared himself icilling to protece it. Suppose for instance, that a given amount of revenue is to be raised from two articles, say sugar and coffee, both articles of nniversal consumption, it is immaterial to the tax payer, so long as the "duly is nut prohibitory, whether he pays it equally on both, or exclusively upon sugar. But as coffee is not a branch of American industry rind sugar is, it may be held advantageous to the country, to encourage, within proper limits, its own industry. It will increase the weahh of the country, and therefore te means of the peo-pU to support Government. The democratic idea of protection, however, never extends beyond revenue; never beyond the wants of an economical Government; never amounts to an exclosion of the foreign article, or to granting a monopoly to the American.

Our idea "is to encourage, not destroy commerce, to equalize taxation, and to foster every branch of industry, and to give even-handed justice and support to all. What is the fair inference from all this, hut that the present Tariff has operated and is continuing to work most beneficially for the different great interests of the country Fortunate will it be for them, if a sense of common danger to all should prevent the success of the attempts of any to unsettle what is established. the true friends of a wise and comprehensive American policy mark the selfishness which is conspicuous in these hostile movements againtt the Whig Tariff. They are for a revision a modification a change or a Revenue Standard but, "take care," say the most ardent and ultra, in each quarter of the confederacy, "touch not the Katies on our peculiar articles they are only reasonable they are quite within the limits of purely Revenue imposts. Make reductions of course but employ the reducing process on others let us alone!" NEW COUNTERFEITS.

Two twenty dollar bills, Counterfeits, of the Bank of Charleston South Carolina were presented at D. Pearl's Exchange Office yesterday, they were signed A. G. Rose, Cashier, J. Hamilton, President, dated Nov.

IS, 1835. The signatures and numbering, badly executed, paper inferior to, and not so white as the genuine notes but calculated to deceive those who are not good judges. How it was nous Election Frauds in Georgia. The Tax Book for 1844 and the tally papers of the Presidential election in Georgia show a singular result, as compared in a Georgia paper. While there are only 71,169 polls assessed, the tally papers show that 86,257 voles were polled for President in the State.

The Washington Globe declares that Mr. Tyler's Annexation Scheme is "defunct," and that: "Mr. Calhoun's lapsed correspondence" "has gone to the tomb of the Capu-lets in company with the Treaty which it was meant to mar." "Tyler and his treaty, Calhoun and his correspondence," adds the Globe, "is all a mere parenthesis in this parenthetical Call you this harmony, Messieurs? We are indebted to the Clerk of the Steamer Nashville for New Orleans papers to the 7th inst. ei-TUBiJU." BAP Friclay January IW, they can be made in this country, the leading organs of British Interests declare that American Manufactures are rapidly crowding British articles of the same kind and quality quite out of foreign markets! This admission of a fact mortifying to John Bull is made by the London Times in the course of an elaborate article on the cotton duties. That journal says "The American has, of cenrse, great advantages over us to begin with; the cotton produced al bis very door, at least in the Southern States, where factories are fast springing ap in the very midst of cotton fields.

We must cover in some way the expense of carriage across the Atlantic, and other charges, amounting, it is said, to 7-16lh of a pnny in the pound, before we can compete with him in the neutral market. This unavoidable burden we almost double The result is, that in South America and other quarters, even in. China China, which-our -own arms have opened to the commerce of the world we an losing ground, which, the A-mericans, witn the assistance of our financiers, are now fast gaining.from us. We impose ourselves on the produce of our own industry a differential duly compared with our greatest rival. Wo enter every port in the world with a difference of 5-16ths of a penny in "the pound between English and A-merican cotton manufactures; a difference which we surmount in the finer descriptions, where skill and labor have more play, but which is quite insur monntable in the commoner and more domestic articles.

The duty is said to be in effect SO percent on the cost of 'domestics," as they are called, the chief cotton export to China, among other places. Under shelter of this "difl't rential duty," the Amir-ican manufacturers are now making a greater push thanever, and other nations are following their example. Of course, they de-ire nothing better than its continuance. Indeed, if they had imposed ii on us in the shaps of an export duty at the American port, -supposing that otherwise possible, it would not hate been so much to be wondered at." This enviable progress has been made un" der the benign operation of the Whig Tariff Policy. Let that policy be continued in its proper vigor; and America, which has already "entered with full sails into the Manufacturing System of the World," will be second to no competitor for supplying any market in the world.

That populous and extensive empire in the East, with which we have just opened, under the auspices of the learned and successful commissioner to China, the most important commercial relations, presents a rich field for the energy and enterprise of the Manufacturers and Merchants of our country. And shall this admirable American System he struck down, and all its present and prospec-live advantages be laid prostrate by one fatal and resistless blow? We trust not. Although perhaps it might be regarded by many a just retribution were the poisoned chalice of Free Trade or anti-Protection commended to the lips of those Pennsylvanians and others vitally interested in a sound Domestic and Commercial System who have fastened upon the eountry the President Elect, yet we still hope that just views of the true interests of the Whole Peo ple of this Union will prevail over the promptings and importunities of Faction, and that a safe and preservative and encouraging American Policy will be maintained by Con gress. CONGRESSIONAL PERSONALITIES. We regret to perceive that, with the opening of the New Year, the peisonalities that have disgrac ed CongresB of late years are revived.

Mr. Yancey, of differs with Mr. Clingman, of North Carolina, in politics, and especially on the Texas question; and, therefore, he deems it necessary lo make an assault on the latter gentleman, passing far beyond the limits of Parliamenta ry and, in our humble opinion, truly civilized decorum. Now, presuming, as we have no doubt the fact is, that these two gentlemen were entirely un known to each other personally, Mr Clingman could not have given to Mr. Yancey any ground for taking personal offence, in whatever latitude of censure the former may have deemed it due to his character as a representative ef the people to indulge, when reviewing the circumstances of the late Presidential Election.

Yet the new Democratic aspirant answers an argument by a personal attack! Were Congress properly constituted, were it always habitually under the regulation of those principles and feelings which should govern gentlemen in their intercourse, these outrages upon good manners and good morals would not be endured. The aggregate taste and judgment of the assembly would put them down by rebuking the perpetrators. There would be a silent discountenance of them, far more effective than any other species of condemnation. In these rematks wa aro neither ignorant nor un mindful of the fact, that it is almost impossible in political discussion, especially at this time, to sep arate men from measures. There was perhaps never any grent Oration intended for the Pub-lie at large any more than there was ever any great Satire addressed to a whole People, which was not in some measure personal at the lime in which it was spoken or written out.

But then the vindication for those personal allusions is, that the orators and authors could readily give satisfactory grounds and reasons for introducing them. Such is not the case in the instances which we allude to and condemn. Measures and doctrine; are by our modern democratic spoutcrs and organs passed over, and men alone are held up for attack. This was the characteristic of their course during the late Contest. They have renewed it in Congress.

But these licentious spouters and scribblers must receive a check. It is due to the cause of Truth, Justice, and Constitutional Government, that they should be met on their own ground the spiri1 and energy which become freemen contending against dangerous tenets publicly professed, or secret designs privately favored, against ihe rage of Agrarianism; against the clamor for Disunion; against ignorant impudence and insolent folly. The Crescent City has a sprightly correspondent who furnishes the readers of that excellent journal with glimpses of matters and things in New York. Here is one of the glimpses aforesaid, taken at Palmo's Opera. The rascal has an imagination something warmer than an icicle! Hear him: "The ladies dress in excellent taste, and the dress circle is as brilliant, on fashionable nighls, as it used to be in the glorious old "ban Claros" when we sat in the "Editors' Den'' and listened to Sal va tori, and Rossi, or looked up at the magnificent semicircle of fine faces and bewildering busts, that lay over ihe gloomy parquette like a tiara of golden clouds crowning iho dark sea.

Oh, them Tho Hon. Ashbel SaiirH, for several years past Minister of Texas to France, has arrived in Washington on his return to Texas. i "TEXAS WITH OR WITHOUT THE UNION!" The Washington Globe, in noticing a speech of 'Wr. Yanct of Alabama, on ihe Texas question his debut in the House of Representatives applauds that gentleman for having dealt his blows upon "those in the North who, from their hostility to the South and Southern Institutions, would immolate the Union." We have shown, throughout the whole course of the Republican Banner, that we will go as far as he that goes farthest in rebuking the anti-disunion spirit wheresoever it may be exhibited; er from what causes soever it may arise. Although therefore, we think Mr.

Yancy was neither Parliamentary nor within the bounds of common courtesy, in the style he though fit to adopt towards Mr. Clingman a gentleman of truly gallant bearing worthy of the highest respect of any combatant who might single him out in the political Tournament yet we would not abate an iota of his indignant animadversion upon ihose who raise the cry of "Disunion." We only regret lhat he passed over, without a syllable of censure, the movements of those whofirst provoked and afterwards exasperated this spirit among a few rash persons in the North, by the cry in the South of "Texas or Disunion!" The Washington Globe is not so blinded by its' encomiastic fervors towards a new Democratic orator, as to fail to see and appreciate this omission, Thatjournal asks: "Was not Mr. Yancy wanting in the even handed justice with which be began his speech, when omitting to brand the spirit of disaffection to the Union nearer home, to which the prospect of re-annexing Texas had given birth? Has he heard of no resolutions no organization of meetings no inflammatory harangues, all governed by the predominant senliment, "TEXAS WITH OR WITHOUT THE UNION?" He should have administered rebuke to this spirit of revolt at one end of the Union, lest it might (although originating in different personal interests) be considered AS A tolerated Co operation with the same disposition to dissolve the confederacy which he had denounced at the other end." We commend this candid extract from the Globe to the friends and organs of the President Elect in this quarter. There was plenty of toleration for the South Carolina Dhmnionists among them here during the whole canvass. They, as well as Mr.

Yancey, affected lo have heard nothing of "the resolutions, meetings, or inflammatory harangues all governed by the predominant sentiment "Texas with or without ihe Union." But then Polk was not elected; aDd they could not afford to denounce any of his confederates. "BRITISH VIEWS ON THE ANNEXATION OF TEXAS." A sufficient answer to the column of dogmatism which appeared, under this head, in the Democratic Organ yesterday, is given in the Views of the Humbug about British Interference which we have from time to time extracted from tho speeches of Senator Benton. They are familiar to the public. Not only in the Senate, but in his own Slate in the very midst of the Presidential contest, Col. Benton, in different speeches, exposed this wretched imposture.

Yet the Union attempts to give it new vitality, by mere gratuitous assump-tions that Great Britain means so and so; or designs Ihis, that, and the other. Now we apprehend lhat a Democratic actual Senator of Mr. Benton's standing, with well reasoned arguments, isa good set off to even an Ex-Senator especially when the latler brings forth only unreasoned assertions. But, moreover, our contemporary seems not to have kepi up with the intelligence from Washing ton. Is he not aware that Mr.

Charles J. Inger-soll, the Chairman of the. Committee on Foreign Affairs, has declare by 3'uhority, in his place in the House of Representatives, that the measure of annexation would produce no disturbance of the amicable relations between the United Slates and Great Britain? We might, with much more plausibility, maintain that this authoritative announcement of at least an acquiescence by Great Britain in the Annexation scheme demonstrates that Ihe prospective advantages held out to that country by the election of an anti-tariff President have reconciled her to part with her alleged anti-annexation designs, and induced her to believe that the destruction of the Tariff which protects Ameiican Interests is a good offset to annexation. ANTI-POLK MOVEMENTS AMONG CHIVALRY." A meeting was recently held in Charleston, South Carolina, at which resolutions were adopted inviting Mr. Polk to visit that city on his way to Washington.

This civility to their President Elect does not seem to gratify all the democrats of that "chivalric" region. The Charleston Mercury, which has lonr thp lifying Press comes out strongly against the resolutions. Hear that oran: Erom the Charleston Mercury, Had John C. Calhoun, himself, the Dledffed fuc" lne uaronnajj wun K. 39 1 re'laenl e'ecI 133 een for here free 'de principles-und 1 ...3 uwn vi ler 10 Mr.

Kane, on protective prinaplcs-viHh uum cmmi iu ceieuraie, in elevation, ihe triumph of our cause, unless we mean thus virtually to proclaim our desertion of tnat oaasc? At llle iast session of Congress, both Whigs and Democrats voted en masse lor a resolution embody. lng a the pledges given by ihe previous Democrat- The last Baltimore convention repeated those pledges, and ih8 very first action of the present I- Zrr, Kraals (lion, thu I Congress breaks them ihe Democrats joinins the violation. Even, then, if Mr. Polk prove true to ihe South, what can he do! Where is our triumph? What is our guaranty? Do wo love to be cheated? miles below, the passengers on foot started across and acknowledged exponent of our pr.n-thc country on the Illinois side lo reach the ciples oeen Present elect, instead of Mr. Polk, when they met one of the pilots and the clerk of I have only been an indication, a promise of the "Capitol," which boat was lying about eight miles below on Ihe Missouri side.

The clerk and pilot were sent up by Capt. Birmingham lo say that the passengers Irom Doth boats would take pas- sage with him, he would return up the Ohio. The proposition was giailly accepted, and the passen- gers, among whom were several ladies, proceeded to a wood-yard, where Captain B. said he would come and take them off, reaching there about nhilitfall. After Ihe passengers had all got to the wood yard, out of the reach of the other boats.

Captain B. refused to comply with his engagement unless the sum of gSOO were guarenticd lo him ic convention at liainmore. and the subsequent ac-stating thai he had them in his power, and he I lion of both parties, on the subject matters of those "would be if he did not make the most of pledges, repeatedly violating all, shewed us, if we it." Determined lo resist such atrocious scoun-i were not fools, lhat ihose pledges were mere wind, drelism, the passengers made the best of their way and worth nothing. to the mouth of the Ohio in skiffs, canoes, rejecting with scorn the overture which Captain B. tr.

r.C at length made to abate something of his unfeeliu extortion. The passengers in their card denounce Captain B. as "an unfeeling wretch, destitute a-like of courtesy and hospitality, humanity and honor, and totally unworthy of patronage or respect." As one of our own citizens, Mr. H. F.

Hill, is one ia in said tract nf land, the Sheriff lo sale, and the same was siruck cii to plainant, he being the highest and b-t interest iho Sheriff of ilbniiwnn eotniy, 8'h of April, 1844, transferred and as-igi-- by deed, which has been duly rovei. ano ed. Sc. The Bill prays that the said trcct of bw divided according to the wti! of the 1 Brealhtt, dee'd, and the decree ab.ue in-and that tho interest nf the sa Jelm divested out of him and vested in comj'-i'-'-'-for general relief. January t7, liia -w3t-Pr's fee $12 of Ihe signers, we do not doubt the justice of ihe DISCONTINUED.

The Post Office at Acade-denuncnuion, and have therefore done our part Knox County, has been discontinued, towards "passing.him alon? lo the infamy he de- and letter3 and paper9 intended for that place, in serves. Steamboat Captains musa treat people. faare 8hould be directed to the Knoxvillo Office, in that way. Enq. Knoxville Post.

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