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The Courier-Journal from Louisville, Kentucky • Page 42

The Courier-Journal from Louisville, Kentucky • Page 42

Louisville, Kentucky
Issue Date:

THE COURIER-JOURNAL, LOUISVILLE, SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 7, .1911. SECTION Ancient Rites and Symbols To Be Observed in Crowning of a King Time Honored Symbols Used In Gorgeous Pageant at ster Same Forms and Cere-; monies Since Crowning of Wil- liam the Conqueror Jacob's Kllowstone a Part of British Throne Legends That Sur- Anointing the Ein A molished the Ancient E.7 of England-Schools. SleP 0n Boyal Lo011 to Be the Gayest In the World This round the Symbols. J. 2 on you wno aro come ,1.. -inf King, standing chair, turns first LV1." i-u u.uLner, as in- his successive anneals, 1 fl'l iil MH-Zty. 1 feA yrv l'-' 'tt fit. ijeuuie snout: "(inri nvn As the last shout dips awa" pets are sounded, the drums mi thp nnicTiino- .1.. "Is r0U ar thy hand be strengthened the choir. rlse The Kine- thpn tion at thn alfnr Obta cloth of ul drl altar gold of a pound in weight blems, with the v-vpHUIl serv serin rleht stand the Tiichn. un (Correspondence of the Courier-Journal.) ONDON, May 1. To the citizen of-any comparatively new coon-try the study of the coronation ceremony' in England comes as an interesting revelation. It is at these events that one fully realizes the innate conservatism of the English character and sees how little it has changed since the "sacring" of the first British King. On June 22 King George V. will be crowned in "Westminster Abbey with all the Quaint rites and elaborate cere-' monial which, with the exception of certain- minor alterations, have been re-' liigidusly observed at the coronation of every, sovereign in England since the time of William the Conqueror. The ceremony is. more splendid, elaborate and emblematic than- in any other country of Europe. Every day for many past the London news-, papers! have recorded the progress of the preparations for the supreme event, and announced fresh additions to the -round of brilliant functions which will make London usually so sober and absorbed in business the gayest" capital in the world this coming midsummer. Though thi discontinuance of the banquet in Westminster hall has bed the coronation of some picturesque feudal customs, the ceremony in the "Abbey has been most Jealously guarded in every detail" of Its impressive rituai. the Peers carrying swords, and left the Bishop of Bath and bishops also stand on either ww-Lii, great Hlhle" ha' open by the primate at the GojJ and sifrns the oath, a silvnr tease ror nen ana ink) hemp- iy tn omcer appointed for this du- the soor, I r'jK ia-i rr. i r-" Cereraony of the Anointing. 1M I 1 CI if I sai genets; the ffpewy 1 ij mvinir the anthmn i.uiih,d fit iiiiiiseii in at. rawara cnajr placed vesting himself uf his cap of the crimsori Parliamentary robe. A'" ver, 1 Am said the Queen. "It is nan ik noin nviar tnn Kino symbolic; the series of acts presenting the -King in his triple capacity j)f yt Legend and mysticism surround "priest, -soldier and civil magistrate. aarK blue mantles or their order. i- tne primate anoints his majesty "-Each article of the regalia symbolizes one' or other of these functionsfall summed up in the crown itself more than- one object associated "with the -ancient ceremonial. The coronation ring, according to the" "Golden Legend," was given by Edward the hfith hnnilt! with thf cnnanpnit. i "the round and top of sovereignty." poured from the ampulia into ho asked alms ShloMy jeweler sceptre wFh the Confessor to a beggar rlnvo recalls the rmsnefii of TM- nim- a dove" recalls the peaceful days of Ed- spoon. "When the King has been h1 afterward ward 'after the expulsion of the Banes, 1fh tion in the Tower of London and make lain, kneeling down, touches ftis his way to the Abbey through the city, with the gilt spurs, symbolizing and tfle 'gloves are a reminder or Ms Yt abolftion-ofthe Banegelt-a token that Sm A 5ef King and tell him that the supposed ivmg unaries il. was the Ust to do King Kmgntnoou, arm a relic of i this. Buckingham Palace has renlactd days when kings rode i.Ttn to -x: in the takine of taxes beggar was none other than St. John in tne taking or. taxes. the Evangeist. Another quaint medie- vft tu4' 1 the Tower in that respect. Then takes place the girding on uf ti In the brilliant cavalcadfe. as it sword of state; after ivhub the Ku val story recounts how the anointing oil was miraculously delivered to Wbat Symbols Tipify. passes on its way from Buckingham stands while the dean robes hin Thomas" a Becket by the Virgin Mary. The coronation ring of pure gold, The object, however, to which most with a maa-niflcent rnhv rArved with a mystery and interest attach is the 1 "'w-c i-w uti; AUUC.V, tile apectaturs itii ta-ix. 111 mnun will have another quaint reminder of prentatlwn of the orb. th-1 placing the pageant antiquity and of the days the "wedding King or t-ngiand rrcw'o rvntm onH cniM-nunriori hv coronation stone, or "Stone of Des-i when the silver Thames was a "silent King's fourth finger, and the highway," much patronized by royalty, of the sceptre with the cross into 1: Immediately following King Edward's right hand. glittering escort of the Royal Horse the supreme niumeni tiv cer diamonds, typifies the marriage of the tiny," in the famous King Edwards -sovereign to his people, and has been chair, in which the actual crowning -poetically called "England's Wedding takes place. It was brought to Lon-Hing." The anointing with oil is don in 1296 by. Edward I. from Scone traced' back, to the. setting apart of the in Scotland, where the Scottish Kings first King of Israel. The ampulla, the had been crowned upon it for genera-vessel of pure gold in which the con- tlons. According to the legend, the Guardsand presumably it will be raony is then reached, as the pnraai repeated in June walked the King's after ottering a brief prayer, bargemaster and twelve watermen, amidst a solemn hush und office is still extant even if their Edward's crown on the ui i secrated oil is contained, is in the shape stone is actually that on which the Pa-of an eaelc- with outstretched winers. triach Jacob pillowed his head at sprvinps rp nnlv Rnoitaiml-ir T'o( "Wine- spatwl In the historic cha uie enu ot tne orocession win ne tne wnicn nas serveu au t-u lum; nil l-iplns- nnnrprt nut nf Itn hpnlr. Bethel. It Was conveyed to fc-gvpt, having been given by Lord Ancaster, magnificent state coach conveying the tiuns. The Peers immt-diatek p(u King and Queen, drawn by the eight their coronets and the kir.g vt ar famous cream-colored horses, with their crowns: their is a mignt The spoon into which it is poured is of from whence it was brought to Spain whose great-grandfather. Lord Gwydvr! silver, richly gilt, and addrned on the by Gaethelus. the founder of the Scot- lWas formerK- Lord Great Chamberlain, handlp. with four larep. nearis -Thpup tish nation, finding its way afterward ow trappings of fine morocco, heavily gilt. "God Save the King thv -jrap; This historic equipage, with its elab- sound, and the booming hi aiblKr) orate carvines was dpsienpr) hr Sir thp Tmver and in the ro pars Williom PhimW in flip II (TO WOP 1760 at a cost of 40,000 pounds. coronation of their King. His mar: rin r--y-i vol ap (hrv throne in 1 two it is interesting to note, to Ireland, and eventually to the rjcnness worn by George whose are. supposed to be the sole relics of church Scone. On its removal to coronation exceeded all others in mag- the original regalia of England, demol- Westminster Abbey Edward had tne njflCeriee, and cost no less than ished by- tha-ruthless Cromwell at the present chair made to receive it and 000 Tne garrnent js 0f the finest cloth time, of the -Civil War. dedicated-it rto the and since of gold, and a beautiful example of the The existing emblems on then every English sovereign has been hknd-looin industry of the Spitalflelds models. -for the coronation of crowned in the historic seat, which is weavers, into its surface are woven Charles II- The curtana, or sword of richly draped for the occasion. the badges of the three kingdoms mercy, is principal one. in dignity A great scandal was caused at the England, Scotland and Ireland, and a 'of the three which are carried un- Jubilee of Queen Victoria, in 188 1, ow- aeep 'fringe of 'pore gold' threads sur- i sheathed before the King. It has no ingto themannerinwhich rounds tne mantle, which looks as point, its blunted blade being a token less piece of furniture was treated by fresh. as if it had just left the loom. the Abbey the King and Queen will be ater," where he is surroundt-il t.j fiii-i rti j- A r. i-o if t.i Dili! v. tnp nn i r-nipn hpiirinn- tmp mca ih th- hnvp hp.rne tne rcKaiid. Arnhhihnns nf rantp'rhiin- uml nrH.T combining in a fiTuhp and the bishops, bearing the patine, the pageantry. The prelates tt.r-n. i chalice and the Bible. A spectacle of homage, followed by the ruvi Preparing Westminster. ol meiTjy. sj'ora oi justice to tne tne upnoraterera, who wuemeu n. spirituality is pointed, but" somewhat brown stain and varnish, drove tacks obtuse; and the sword of justice to. the into the ancient Vgesso" ornamentation temporality is sharp-pointed. The to hold their draperies, and generally scabbards of all three are covered with showed a lamentable lack of care and a rich brocaded tissue of cloth and resoect in handling the old reiic. majesties as they pass up the nave into the trumpets again ring torth, the choir during the singing of the an- is a roll on the druniK ai.u to- l- them. "I was glad when they said unto shout. "God save King i- me we will go into the House of the live Kmr. George! Ma? 1 Thp rich drpssps nf the urin- Westminster which is about to witness its thirty-seventh coronation, is now in the hands of the contractors, who are charered with the. cesses and peeresses and the collars of Much briefer and simple! 1- the studded with gilt ornaments. The The chair known as Queen Mary's sword of state is a two-handed weap chair, which was made for Mary 11.. hich the third sovereign of difficult task of erecting raised aralier- and in the rich background afforded by the ately follows; the whoh- Ltr.nup crimson robes of the Peers and the ing concluded by the 1.1,,., on1 mantlae nf tVio i d-i V. tTli- 1 1 Tl If til to tile 1 liters. that name is about to be crowned, is ies, down each side of the nave and cc- on, 'with a scabbard of crimson velvet, 'with gold plates of the royai badges. The orb, the symbol of dominion, which is placed in the King's hand immediately before the crowning, is a ball wi-cem j-rs is- gwjsszz of the Garter and the Bath, combine to the seclusion of St. Edwards -U a close imitation of its ancient con- cupymg both nortn and south tran-sort. On one occasion this royal seat septs, without in any way injuring the was usiiroed by a Westminster school- walls and pillars of the venerable iorm a or coior tnat may wen live tlie Kine esciia.iiBcs "i- 1.. f'np TOi)e OI bov. who secreted himself overnight in building. An annex, to be used as up to the. dais, or 'theater," on which On the evening preceding the corona- of gold six inches in in the memories ot all those who witness the event. First in the long and impressive cere the officers of arms meanwhile arrai iuit the procession for the return. diameter, sur- the Abbey and scratched on the back robing room, is being erected at the tlie King wilV sit enthroned after he tion the regalia will be conveved from which of it this brief record of his temerltj. great west door of the Abbey, from the has been crowned, Ms woven in two the Tower to the Jerusalem Chamber mounted by a. fine amethy ethyst, forms 'the pedestal of- a cross of gold that all may be ready lu monial comes tlie striking formality mnmnnt wnpTJ Lilt" kmnvn as the Recignition, which leave the chapel. Their ma the King is presented his people. The Primate, with the Lord (Jhancel- -v. Aooott siept jii una vuuu, juo, ui -v. Jt ull, wuu was re.spou- shades of blue, the foundation being of of the Abbey, and left in charge of the ftOO." sible for the one built tor Uie crowning royai hIue, on which are emblems of dean of Westminster. bing closely The vestments which the King will of King f.dward MI. Although com- the noble orders and the initials guarded all through the night bv the put on after the ceremony of anoint- posed entirely of wood and plaster, the ami surmounted bv a crown. The picturesque Yeomen of the Guard, mg will consist of (I) the colobium exterior is made to resemble the gray design is no less than fortv-two feet in Earlv next morning thev will be laid sindonis, a simple lawn garment; (-) weathered stones of the old Abbey so length. On the "theater" "itself and in on table in the vestibule, so as to be the supertunica or dalmatic, a long closely, that many people at the last the royal boxes the carpet is to have distributed to those privileged persons studded-with precious stones. The -right of holding the orb is the sole pre--rogative of reigning Kings and Queens, a. custom adopted by the early Saxon sovereigns from the Roman emperors. An amusing story is told of the late lur (Lord Lorehurn), the. Lord Great the nave to uie by; the Queen, witn hur supin-rt Chamberlain (Earl Carrington), the Lord High Constable (Sir Henry and atienuinrs the creat officers ot statea Queen "Victoria, who it would seem. Evelyn Wcod) and the Larl Marshal coat of cloth of gold witn wide sleeves, coronation pe evea me annex to ue no design, being of a plain roval blue, who them lirectlv before the was Tint irnnrPKffPii Tvir fhic ornot nt.I- fo n.mllln or.ln l-i nlntli nnrt nf the hullrlin? itwlf tt 7 li- t-u ruval. urftfrol- carry "-j ft koj annua, a x-ui tne fating ol iic vase ana orn- princes or tne rtiooa royat. wnu if.u hic-cwctu lj- ttj princes v-jrinc uege. When Lord John Thynne, who of gold three inches wide, and (4) the The interior will represent a baronial liant company, chairs of Chippendale the Kinir in the procession up the aisle, tt-r King of Arms (Sir Alfred Scott Last of all comes the King, Ledii thp sceutre with -was acting lor me Dean of Westmins- imperial mantle or pall, resembling a nan, witn us timbered roor supported pattern, upholstered in silk, will bo Tbo vestments will be deposited nrevi- Gattv) ko successively to the four sides his Hht hand the "theater" and at each side the rrown. and in his leu tn gui-i. cope, ana lastening: irum w(m u. j. ijuiivh huui. iiu rtiuieu iieanis, proviaea enroughout the Abbey, which, oush- in a special ulace in the Aboey ter at her coronation, presented the orb to the Queen, she asked: "What am nriVv: "Sir; herp nrp. nA tl1Q rulprs uaSS Otlt tu tnen innrRP or ivint? Ueoree win not ana us wans coverea wnn tapestries from the sanenmrv tn th trCCt tha aHnr- 7. -1 iniwi tie BrtP wear the imperial mantle used Dy tne ana arms. i ne carpet, which will be one magnificent blaze of scarlet Formerly it was the custom for the sent unto you i.intj uefirge, uie un- to oc to do Witn "your majestv is to carry if you: please, in your hand," RICHARD OtObLKV doubted King of this realm; wherefore late King, as was nis urst intension, iruui me west aoor ngnt and gold. King to spend the eve of his corona- World In "Behaism" Syria Offers 5trange New Religion To the M-H-4-K-W-M i5" 'I "5 of I tr.rAr llll' IhlUTC mirror, and dwelt f.t great i. that, and would not be mvirM. Di-onhet is the man who frt to -whom lie gives presents, sometimes standing oil the corner and giving away a hundred garments. He is enabled to do this by the rich presents of his followers, who arc said to number several million in Persia. Abbas Ef-fendi makes no claim to be a healer. Disciples of Abdul Baha Abbas, the New "Messiah," Predict That Behaism 'Will Claim the a Allegiance of the Whole Earth, Becoming the Universal Faith to End Wars and Enthrone! Brotherly Love Many Ameri- God. 1 could not get mm tne 4, i iiii in rror i heat or w- er. Kor could I set pnst th and he occasionally needs the doctor's attention. He is simple in his manner had rivals and the contentions of aspirants for the leadership has been a blot on the history Behaism. but lie seems now to be generally accepted by nearly all professors of the faith. His "Tablets." or messages, are regularly read in the meetings of the faithful. The essence of Behaism is the doctrine that messengers, or manifestations, of God are sent whenever the voice of their predecessor becomes obscured. These "Messiahs" are frequently given as Moses, Zoroaster, Buddha, Christ, Mahomet, and the founders of the Behai faith. Of the Behal manifestations the last is the fullest revelation of all. So I read iu the book upen Behaism which finds most favor With the leaders of the cult. Irar in not a irreat comedown far Of course "this doctrine makes' Abbas Effcndi the greatest of all the prophets and incarnations of Obd; is it any wonder that I should want to see him? Especially so, as all the articles I have road upon him 'picture him as a very wonderful Individual. In an elegantly furnished modern house I found Abbas Effendi seated on a sofa, waiting for me. He is a striking figure in any'garb, and when clad in a white tarboosh, or fez, with a white cloth wound around it, Molsem style, and a long gray cuter cloak of mohair, like a motor coat, and two white cloaks beneath it. he would attract attention anywhere. He Tesemblest in appearance' and manner. General Booth of the Salvation Army, -more than' any other'man I recall. He has the same Roman nose, the same restless, hawk-like eye, the same silver beard and shaggy iron gray locks, same transparent skin. As he speaks Abbas Effendi opens wide bis big gray eyes beneath his bui-hy eyebrows, and looks directly at one. giving ah appearance of unsim-nlated interest and sincerity. He is a restless person doubtless those 40 odd years as a prisoner have left their mark on his nerves and throughout the interview -he wriggled and twisted nis body, sometimes revealing the folded red bandana handkerchief upon which he sat; sometimes ccckihg'his fez to she back of his head; and again to the side, and sometimes rakishly forward uniil it rested on the high bridge of his nose. can followers Claimed For the 4" ot life and has steadfastly refused to 4 taVa mnt than one wife, desnite the take more than one wile, aespue tne with his doi'tnni- Second Rolion-r, Ail the while he was talking he twiddled in his long white hands a string of mother of beads, such as gentlemen c.n'inon.'y carry in this part of the world. Altogether, he looks the part of benevolent old gentleman with cor.eiderable force of character. This positiveness was shown during the interview. A gentle-face'd young Englishman, who looked fitter for. esoteric discussion than for the football field, had been doing the interpreting. Abbas Effendi speaking 'in Persian. The most difficult form of interpretation is that of a discussion of abstract themes, andI early that the young man's renderings were inadequate; my host paw it also; and peremptorily ordered one other of his attendants to repeat what he said, sentence by sentence. vuiiiD UUIV t-ht ha hut, rn nn that 1,1 CiVO of Palestine- William Ellis I father before him. "The Blessed Per- I anii J. fection." had two wives. His teacnmgs of Malm permit polygamy, but they counsel against it. iiuvwe. me messian" to a Summer Kesort' and Obtains an 1 Interview. 4- incongruous tnougn it seemeu to a "Messiah" cone away to a health re- when there are Mnnc nrnr i sort, I followed Abbas Effend) to Alex- ntiflro in TTlo-vnt where trailed him By. WILLIAM ELLIS. by trolley car "from a huge summer ho- A definition ol muternw sp.ni5 rat-' ATWA tel to a magnincent private house Palestine, April 22. Hav- whieh he has rented for his sojourn. Mm. i h. hard thins: to An All-Inclusive Beligion. mg given the. world Christianity. There, hospitably received, for Abbas the. one most nearly universally is fond visitors, I had a most inter- I asked Abbas Eii'emli. frankly, to -me a categorical tinctive doctrine of Behaism. thinir with hooks to it. so tliat .1 esiing interview wiui t-nc iu.u uum a. considerable number of Americans and and millions in Asia, call "Master," and hail as the latest and fullest manifestation of the Deity. grasp ths ordinary man." ne tiently and kindly did. "First. Behaism believe? toai accepted religion, Palestine has now become headquarters of a faith, Behaism, formerly called Babism, which its followers and some in "Europe and America, claim to be the universal and final religion. Since I New Religion and Its Martyrs. there should lie no strut- creeds. All are equal. No climge his religion when lie nw- illllW a Behcist, whether ne it a or a uuuouist. TViore be interactional brotherhood ra national peace." tainer who had done i have found religion to in practice, The proof" of martyrism has been fundamental to my main thesis in this abundantly given to Babism, or Beha- series'of articles, "The awakening of The Bab himself was executed at the Older Nations." I repaired hither JUerfiiad enunellteothu'eel- tfie.home of the head of the Bahists doctrines, and had caded "elf nd its. Ahdul Baha Abbas. "The Gate" to knowledge, recalling: the It was. something of a shock to be prophecies of the Bible and the Koran, 'told, Triiferi I made inquiry at the large concerning a coming one. In the bitter gray stone house herthat Abbas Ef- Persecutions by the Moslems that en- 'Ai 'f the followers of the Bab met fendias away on a vacation for-his death finely. There were few recanta- health. The house was full of people, tions, and in a single year the num- as I -could tell by the voices of scurry- her of martyrdoms amounted to as -ing females in the -echoing hall, when many as 'jmWw iw i.i Two years after the death of the later tela me tnat ah tnere will De a great "i.K?u: woria-wiae peace, one language and one era to love everybody. In prfri are Jews, Moslems, ZarI Buddhists, Brahmins and wnru- "All religions," said Abbas Effendi, "are substantially the same; there is no real difference. The difference is only in names. 'There were once a Turk, a Greek, a Persian and an Arab, to whom a piece of money was given in common. Each said in his own tongue what he wanted bought with it, and they had a long and angry discussion. Then along came a man bearing grapes and lo, that was what they all wanted-, but each had? used a different name for it. So Moses, Buddha. Confucius, Christ, Mahomet, -were all prophets of God. They merely had different names. Each should accept the other." When this important point was pressed, he affirmed that all Christians should accept Mahomet, as the' Jews should have accepted Christ. "Do you really mean that all religions are essentially the same, and that one is as good as another? Do vou Include ipaganism and idolatry'" "Yes, they were all right at first, even Buddhism, which has deteriorated, as all religions do." At this point my host's knowledge of the ancient and BO-callet "ethical faiths" proved so shaky that I abandoned this line of questioning. He got on to firmer ground by saying: There have been a thousand unknown prophets fn the world. They were truly prophets of God, but the world never recognized them." "Please tell me what you mean by prophet? That word Is of tan used as meaning a man with a new or helpful message to his time; but you surely do not put the prophets you have named In the same class with the ordihary writcr, teacher or prmeher to-dav?" Here again the ofthe Ba-' Jtaists showed his rare skiii at cva- Bab, aeroitDof leaders fled to Baadad: who meet love arm haiste. It removes fanaticism SeAnd I. j'erlly believe that bW', fendl practices his creed, for kJ) Known at the knobless doorbell. There 'were several children playing in the large, unsodded yard, and doubtless one of these reported- the stranger's coming; ThesVs -were grandchildren; for Abbas Effendi has four daughters, but no eons. The whole family, or group of among them Hassy-n AH, whom the Bab had called "Beha UHah." Glory of God." He spent two years it. the mountains in seclusion and After a time he announced to a few of his closest friends that he was the "Manifestation." of whom tlu Bp.b had fceen the forerunner. In lSoS gentle. Kindly man; wuc. vj, live in the one house(- Oriental the Bagdad Bahists sent into ex- no conceptipn whatever oi exorablenefe of truth. Gen. Le fflth. lace's aphorism: "Better out, without law. not appeal to him. Sono tne high, fine ideals, embodying do, ae commonplaces of of are in consonance with the the age, and we may expct haism grow and prosper, among sentimental persons. to be the final and universal scarcely tenable, since it baf fashion. An English goverhness, who nt Adrtanople. I ive years later Be- Urnot a Behaist. lives with them to tlTlJT Hit cepted by Babuls as the Messiah (alii though not without rivals), who thence. There are no disciples of the Beha- forth called themselves "Echaists," 1st "Messiah" in Syria, except the pil- wassent Into confinement at Akka, a ETims who come" here, and the number few miles north of Haifa, where he proof these Is regulated by Abbas Effendi We was succeeded by his son. AbDu idmself. He is highly spoken of by his Effendi. who is called by Bahists "Our neighbors, and especially by the poor. Master," and "Our too, has enough to stand the -scholars. Copyrisht 1H1. HAIFA, SYRIA, HOME OE ABBOS'-EFiENDL

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