Detroit Free Press from Detroit, Michigan on January 5, 1904 · Page 4
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Detroit Free Press from Detroit, Michigan · Page 4

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THE DETT.OIT FREE PRESS: TUESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1904. Published Daily and Semi-Weekly. TUESDAY MORNING, JAN. 5, 19M. By mail postage free in the United States and Canada: DAILY, 1 Month 45e DAILY 11 nil Sunday, I Month. . .00c DAILY and SUNDAY, 1 Year.. 7.00 SUNDAY, 1 Year 92.50 TWICE-A-WEEK, I Year 31.00 DETROIT Fit EE PRESS OFFICES, Hume Ottice 11-13 Lufujette Ave. lYashingtuii. . . .Room 47, Post Bldg. New York. . .407-410 Temple Court. Chicago 003-000 Boyce Bldg. TELEPHONE XUMUERS. IIunlneKD Department M. 5130 Editorial Rooms M. 200 Subscription Department M. "8 aim Is the Telephone number to call if you do not get your paper on time In the city. - SUBSCRIPTION DEPARTMENT. That is where !u semi your complaints if you do not get your paper delivered to you on time in this stato. All complaints will receive attention Immediately. OCR HAXDS ARK CLE AX. The raoft important parigrnph in tile message which Ptv.id.:al ltoose-wli transmitted to cotiKrs yesitr-ilcy is as follows: "I hesitate to rcl'er to the injurious in-i imuitions v.-hich have been made n. eoin-plii-ity by this government in tlie revolu-'tionary movement in ranauia. They ae as destitute of foundation as of propric'S. The ex-us" for my inen:ion:ns them is t he four lest untiiliiking persons might mistake for acquiescence the silence of mere self-respect. I think it proper to say, therefore, that no on" comuvtrd with this sovernnKnL had any rait in preparing, i!ieiti:i or eu-couragin.t; the hue revolution on lh" is: t nius of Panama, and that save from the r' ports of our military and naval oflleers plven above, no one connee:-d with th:! government hud any pic-vioas knowledge of tile revolution exempt. slob as was a'eess.-ihle to any person of or.linarv lntelliser.ee who read the newspapers and Uept up a eetrent ac'iuair.tam-e with ifiihlio affairs. ' This is to lie accepted as t o president's reply to .Senator Hoar's inquiries as to whether the administration's hands wore really clean. Mr. Roosevelt has made his denial so Jneet and specific that it cannot be- quos-Ikmed without charging that the president of the United States has title-red a deliberate and intentional falsehood. It will he observed tnat tl.vre is no quibble on Mr. Kooscvelt's part in repudiating (lie charge of complicity. Ii" lias left no rhetorical loopholes through which his aiimi.i-Istration might crawl if the government had Riven aid and comfort to the Panama revolutionists prior to the fact itself. Under the circumstances, therefore, that much of the incident r:;ay be considered closed. A president of tho United States is pretty likely to tell the truth in a message to congress, and his word is likely to be as good as anybody else's word. The president has shown that the first Information relative to a revolution in I'an.inia was printed in the newspapers as early as August 31. !'iid that the progress of the movement towards independence was imported by the press from time to time until the uprising was fait accompli. If Senator Hoar or Senator (iorman or anybody else was taken by surprise, it was his own fault. Tho information w::s all accessible, as the president says, "to any person of ordinary intelligence who read the newspapers and kept up a current acquaintance with public aftairs." The president's message is so complete an answer to Senator Hoar and Senator Gorman that tho opposition to the canal treaty is left without a log to stand on. Further attacks on the administration's poli-y will serve only to encourage Colombia to undertake a useless and unnecessary war. Whether or not the government of the United States should have waited longer before recognizing Panama's Independence, the fact remains that the thins is done. It cannot be undone, and the only question properly before the senate is, shall there be further delay in beginning the construction of the canal? MR. MAYBl'ItV'S JEFFERSOX1AX SIMPLICITY. Accompanied by the police commissioner, the building inspector, the fire marshal, the keeper of the seals and pome of the gentlemen of the bed chamber, the Hon. William C. May-bury, maire de la ville et chevalier do la lesion d'honneur, made an official inspection of the theaters of j Detroit Saturday to determine wheth- or sufficient precaution had been taken to iirotect human life. A less modest and retiring man than Mr. Maybury would probably have performed this work of inspection in the morning, or in the hours intervening between the afternoon and evening performances. The mayor, however, delights in hiding his light under a bushel. Not for jewols and precious stones would he allow anybody to suspect that the calcium of publicity was anything but hateful to him in the performance of an official duty. On that account, the mayor surrounded himself with his entourage and waited until tho matinee performances had t-oifun before undertaking the work of iDsoection. The reasons for this are too plain tr merit detailed elucidation. It the. mayor had gone alone, or in company with a building inspector, he might have attracted attention. Alone he is too conspicuous. In a large company, he can often avoid the public notice that is so distasteful to him. Had he gone to the theaters in the morning, or late in the afternoon, his tour would certainly have aroused the interest of the idle and the curious; so he preferred to wait until the curtain had been rung up. Then the audience would necessarily be concerned with the play, and would not notice the presence of half a dozen or more well-fed, corpulent gentlemen engaged in inspecting exits and aisles ana lire escapes and asbestos curtains and automatic sprinklers and I swinging doors. If by chance any attention was paid to this official activity, the audience necessarily felt the more secure, knowing that the mayor would lead none of his official family into a place of danger,- and that even if a panic took place he was there In propria persona to make a felicitous address during the rush for life. As a net result of this quiet, unobtrusive inquisition instituted by his honor, we have the satisfaction of knowing that the theaters of Detroit leave little to be desired, except in the character of an occasional play like "The Degenerates" or "The Proud Prince." But even from such superheated productions no disaster is to be feared. All this the mayor has ascertained by his own efforts, and it was done with so little ostentation that only a few thousand persons actually realized at the time that an investigation was in progress. Fewer still appreciated the Jeffersonian simplicity of tho tour of inspection. OUR TRADE WITH CANADA. From a local, state and national point of view, one of the most interesting features of tho statement just given out by the Detroit 'Board, of Commerce covers the export trade of this customs district. The aggregate of its foreign sales has trebled in the last decade, the grand total of domestic merchandise shipped during WKJ being J22,6!"3.761. The most significant and important fact shown in the itemization of these figures is that the total value of the exports from the Detroit district to the dominion i.'f Canada is over two-thirds; of the above-mentioned aggregate. To these immediate neighbors we sold more thp n twice as much as to the rest of the British possessions on this continent, England, Scotland, Ireland, British Australasia, British Southi Africa, (Jermany, Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark. Japan, China and the Philippine Islands. Something like this ratio obtains in all the lake districts and in all there has been a gratifying advance in export trade. Seventy per cent of what we are selling abroad of our own products goes to Canada, and yet it seems almost an impossibility even in the border states to arouse Ihcaggrcssive senti-niont that should be doing all possible to hold and expand this magnificent trade- The people most interested have not brought sufficient pressure upon their representatives in congress and have n:-t until late sought to sufficiently enlighten the country as to the desirability of this business which is rig'lu at our doors. That this nation needs reciprocity with Canada Is no longer open to argument, and it is jv.st as clearly established that the dominion would be benefited. The whole danger lies in delay and procrastination. The old treaty was abrogated In anger. The new one should herald peace and good will between those whoso interests are made inseparable by proximity. It is hazardous to abide the outcome of the fight that Chamberlain is making in England or the. result of an election in Canada that cannot long be deferred. Now is the time and opportunity for a reciprocity treaty. Mr. Edwin Fleming, for many years editor of the Buffalo Courier, has established the Buffalo Chronicle, a weekly newspaper devoted principally to the commercial, industrial and general business interests of New York's second city. Mr. Fleming is both an experienced and able newspaper man, and if the Chronicle receives the support which his talented efforts entitle it to, it cannot fail to prosper. It was a waste of good telegraph tolls for the Washington correspondents to report that Senator Morgan is prepared to speak on the Panama question. But whenever the correspondents can announce that Senator Morgan is prepared to stop speaking, they will have a sensation. There will be plenty of work for Mr. Bryan's hands to do as soon as he reaches Nebraska. The Jacksonian club of Omaha has reinstated some of the Gold Democrats that were expelled in 1W6. No vice-president who became president was ever nominated and elected to that office: but Mr. Roosevelt thinks he knows of a man who is capable of making his own precedents. Senator Tillman is predicting that the Panama treaty will not be ratified. The senator has evidently been too busy delivering lectures to learn tho sentiment of the country. If the Republicans of Michigan elected D. M. Ferry governor, they could be reasonably certain that the office would not he administered by Theron W. Atwood. Every time Senator Gorman evolves a new issue to reinforce his leaders-hip, the Democrats begin to discuss Judge Parker, Judge Gray and Richard Olney. The Chinese could not be expected to attain a high pitch of enthusiasm over the question of whether they are to be robbed by the Japanese or the Russians. Be glad that you don't live in Bis-sett, Ontario, where it was 46 degrees below zero Sunday morning. There are never any January bargain sales in coal. APHORISMS. The most deluded are the self-deluded. Boree. Discretion In speech is more than eloquence. Bacon. The man that makes a character makes foes. Young. Good deeds ring clear through heaven like a bell. Klchter. Everyone is eagle-eyed to see another's faults and deformity. Dryden. Who makes quick use of the moment, is a genius of prudence. Lav-ater. He that is good for making excuses is seldom good for anything else. Franklin. Of all the evil spirits abroad In the world, insincerity is tho most dangerous. Froude. Faith is the root of all good works: A root that oroctuces notning is aeaa Bishop Wilson. Hear one side anfi.you wjjl be in the dark: hear both sides, audi ail will be clear. HallDurion. THE STAGE. Detroit Opera House Ezra Kendall in "The Vinegar Bayer.'' The theatrical novelty of the week, locally regarded, is a whimsical piece called "The Vinegar Buyer," in which Ezra Kendall appeared last night in the Detroit Opera house. It is a fraT? structure dealing with the adventures of Joe Miller, a versatile and good-natured vagabond living in the hamlet of Bascomb's Corners, near Indianapolis. Being a comical person, and much addicted to story-telling and verbal and practical jokes, he is a favorite in the place, though he has incurred the active animosity of the village tavern-keeper and his son Alec Stripe and William Henry Harrison Stripe. The younger Stripe is a lawyer, and of course a schemer. Ho lays a plan to marry Mildred Arlington, the only child of a wealthy blind widow, but the young lady loves Walter Talbot, and in the end marries him to the great discomfiture of the Stripes family: and the vinegar buyer (Mr. Kendall) marries the widow Arlington after she is mercifully restored to sight. The bare recital of these salient points of the fable would seem to indicate a serious effort to make a play; but the situations, treatment, character-drawing and the inimitable Kendall humor render it hilariously and continuously amusing. Mr. Ken dall cleverly disarmed criticism in a curtain speech after the second act, when he said: "We have not aspired to literary flights or dramatic hights, and I have never believed in making the theater a night school. We may be all wrong in not having a man run away with another man's wife, but we are doing the best we can along the lines of decency and innocent mirth;" Mr. Kendall said many more things In that speech, which his audience received with more applause than the play proper evoked, though this is not to be interpreted as an intimation that applause or laughter was lacking at any stage of the play's progress. Ezra Kendall is a natural humorist. He uses no make-up and he wears no wig. both of which innovations proclaim his originality anj his courageous defiance of deep-rooted conventions of the stage. His "acting" is level with his manner on the street, in a railway train, at home anywhere. Meet him on Woodward avenue and engage him in conversation, and he will spontaneously throw off the same dry waggeries that one associates with his stage work. Thus he is a successful entertainer in public and in private. His fund of humor seems inexhaustible and! his individuality is radically unlike, that of any other man alive. It is a mere convenience in the way of a stage handSe that he-is known as Joe Miller in "The Vinegar Buyer;" but Ezra Kendall he is and" Ezra Kendall he must remain In spite of ail the aliases that the playwrights could invent. His present play is-framed in three pleasing pictures that represent Bascomb's Corners, the exterior of a sanitarium and the grounds adjoining it, and a well appointed city drawing room in the Widow's Indianapolis home. His company is composed o ladies and gentlemen who have a talent for character bits, the more notable of which are C. H. Crosby's Sandy Talbot, Frank A. Lyon's Alec Stripe, John D. Garrick's Bob Bascomb. Lucille La Verne's Miranda Talbot and June Mathis' Jane. The lovers are competently piayed by -Miss Lottie Alter and Ralph Dean. The mild villainies of the Stripes family, centered in William Henry Harrison of the name, are skillfully set forth bv Rov Fairchild. Herbert Hall Winslow is announced as the author of the piece, hut it bears manv of the easily identifiable earmarks of the Kendall imagination. In anv case, it is good fun of an innocuous brand, and It was voted a success by last night's audience. The engagement is for the entire week, with Wednesday and Saturday matinees. Avenne Theater Mian Isabel Irving in "The Crisis." Mr. Winston Churchill's own dramatization of his novel, "The Crisis," which danced gaily on the crest of public favor two or thr?e years ago, was seen in the Avenue theater last night, with Miss Isabel Irving in the role of the capricious but womanly and fascinating Virginia Carvel. The background of tho story the essential spirit'of the events that culminated in the unparalleled war between the north and the south in 1SS1-65 gives It historic verity, as well as dramatic interest, and enables the spectator to catch something of the passionate and fierce hostility that arrayed the sections in open conflict. The play begins In Judge Whipple's law office, opposite the court house in St. Louis in November, 1837. Stephen Brice, a young Bostonian, saturated with Puritan ideas, arrives on the scene and seeks out the aboli-. tionist lawyer, to whom he has been commended by his father. There he first encounters Virginia Carvel and the hot-headed young southern cavalier, Clarence Colfax. An auction of slaves is about to take place in the public square adjacent to the building in which these characters are met, and Miss Carvel makes known her wish that Colfax bid in for her the slave girl Esther. Of course our ardent Bostonian, in whose thought human slavery is the unpardonable crime, experiences a shock of resentment at the idea of dealing in human beings as chattels, and from the outlook of Judge Whipple's office he outbids Colfax. Naturally this leads to hot resentment on the part of the two southerners who are concerned in the matter; but Brice sends the slave to his mother for temporary protection. The judge, on being informed that his prospective protege has been a slave dealer, orders him out of his office, but changes his sentiment when he learns of the motive for the purchase. Two years pass, and the second act occurs at the country place of Col. Carvel, father of Virginia, Glencoe, near St. Louis. The occasion Is a social party, at which are the representative society folk of the city. Brlco is one of the guests, having been Invited by the colonel for sufficient reason, but in opposition to the wish or his fire-eating daughter, who still feels her resentment of the New Eng-lander's "insolent" Interference in the Esther eoisode. She scornfully refuses his petition for a dance, as a matter of principle; but when Colfax treats Brice with rudeness verging on Insult, she takes up the cudgels In behalf ot the under dog and makes it known that in spite of all that has happened he holds a place in her regard. The near approach of the bloody years Is suggested here by a controversy between Col. Carvel and another of his guests, the redoubtable unionist. Judge Whipple. The third act brings us to the memorable My of 1861. Yqbw? Colfax is a' lieutenant in the servJos pf the. soutjv and 1b stationed at historic Camp Jackson. The gallant old colonel announces his purpose to take the field himself. While arranging his business affairs in preparation for a possible Jong absence from home, the disclosure is made that he is in serious pecuniary difficulties. In fact he is at the mercy of his confidential agent, Eliphalet Hopper, who aspires to the hand of Virginia Carvel, and expects to use his ascendency over the colonel in bringing about that result. There is an. assault on Camp Jackson bv the unionists, and the eon-federates suffer defeat. A mob attacks the colonel's house, but Brice. though wounded, appears in good time and manages to hold off the mob until the federal troops arrive. Again two years pass, and the last act, which is laid in the office of Judge Whipple, brings about the sentimental and the actual union of the. lovely Virginia and the tried and heroic Brice. This personal union seems to foreshadow the subsequent reunion of the warring sections, and the storv thus comes to a conclusion that everybody has hoped for, and in which the whole country has long rejoiced. Miss Irving plays the part of Virginia Carvel, the provincial belle of Intense southern sectional prejudices, with a girlish charm of voice and manner, which never suggests maturity of emotion until the final act. Her wbrk Is a fine representation of the selfishness of a beautiful young woman who regards the strife of men growing out of a great moral question only in the light of her own personal emotions, and is even more movinir as a picture of a woman and a partisan, who only after a severe struggle proves herself more a woman than a partisan. The supporting cast is strong. W il-frid North played the southerner, Stephen Brice. with fine restraint m his southern surroundings, and Seymour Rose was effective as Clarence Colfax. The work of Charles Lamb as Judge Whipple and of Thomas A. Hall as Col Carvel was excellent as depictions of testv characters; and Jacques Martin as EliDhnlet Hopper, the unscrupulous northern tradesman, gave an interesting blending of humor and meanness. Ynudeville at the Temple. "The Great Train Robbery" sounds like the title of a border drama, and as reproduced by the klnetograph at the Temple theater yesterday, it stands out as the greatest and most sensational moving picture story ever seen in this city. While the bill this week is an excellent one, containing several standard acts, the "train robbery" lakes rank over them from its great novelty, its wonderful execution and its truth to a life that few have seen. It represents an actual robbery, perpetrated by tho James boys and Younger brothers in the western hills years ago, and was rehearsed and carried out under the direction of the famous detective Billy Pinkerton, who was in the posse that tracked the robbers to earth. The scenes show the tying of tiie telegraph operator in the station, tho boarding of the train at a water-tank, the murdering of the express messenger with the train at full speed, the holding up of the engineer, the robbery of the passengers and the escape of the robbers to their hill fastness. Then they take up the carousal of the robbers at a road-house, the warning of discovery, the flight with the treasure, the pursuit by the posse, the running fight in a wooded glen and the killing of the robbers. The reproduction was made in the Orange hills, New Jersey, at a cost of $11,000. It alone is worth the price of admission. Fiison and Errol in tiieir sketch, "A Daughter of Bacchus," are, as ever,, a laugh hit and have a most consistent, farce of the "inebriate" order. The fun is as plain as the moral. Eva Mudge. "The Military Maid," returns to her Detroit home with her dainty singing and quick change act, end makes a great hit. Her "Stonewall Jackson" song, in confederate uniform, is very ambitious and deserving of great praise. Charles Kenna, in the character role of a. fakir, has a decided monologue novelty in which he gives a glimpse of the circus and the street corner vender. The Max Welson troupe of German acrobats are wonderfully developed and skillful rope-ring workers and Herbert Lloyd, assisted by Lillian Lilyan, work exceedingly well m juggling comedy. Wsterburv 'brothers and Tenny in their musical act. and Hayes and Healy in funnv dancing and unties find appreciation. Ethel Levy, who is making a (lying tour in vaudeville, sang and danced in her usual vivacious manner, which places her among the best of soubrette entertainers. Hit or Mini. J. H. Finn, press agent of the Temple theater, is in receipt of a letter from Miss Helen Ware, which informs him that she is to become a star at the Murray Hill theater. New York, succeeding Dorothy Donnelly in "Soldiers of Fortune." Mr. Finn playedl no small part, perhaps, in the advancement of this young woman in the profession. At the time that Blanche Bates was taken seriously ill in this city Helen Wore was selected from the chorus to take her part as Cigarette in "Under Two Flags." Miss Ware so Impressed Mr. Finn in this role that he went to Charles Fi-oh-man, who chanced to be in Detroit, and told him that Miss Ware would Interest him if he would onlv consent to see her in the part. The result was that he watched! her performance and assigned her to his Empire stock company shortly afterward. Now she is a full-fledged star. Referring to the theatrical situation in New York. vVilltam Raymond Sill, a prominent figure in the business, who is now in Detroit, says: "Money undoubtedly is tight in the east, especially in New York and New England, and. it is a fact that theatrical enterprises have suffered1 severely. Some of the biggest productions have not even paid expenss. But I think the hard spell is broken. Certainly when I left New York there had been a great revival. All along the line improvement was visible, so I think that the managers who have thus far weathered the storm have no cause for alarm." When Baitley Campbell's famous play, "The White Slave," was produced! in New York city in the year 1882 the following well-known people were in the cast: Georgia Cayvan, Marie Bates, Emmie Wilmot, William J Scanlan, M. C. Daly and Gustavus Levick, and when Eugene Tompkins produced it in the Boston, theater the important parts were taken by William Redmund. John E. Kellerd, Thomas Q Seabrooke. Louise Moldener and Edith Kingdon, now Mrs. George Gould. In California James O'Neli. E. J Buckley and M'oKee Rankin i laycd hi It and afterwards Phoebe Davis, now a star in "Way Down East," made her first success in the role of Lisa. ,- f if,. atle Qb-lnna,- me eu&ttBtll,cl"' w,.. ..., opera house will cover all of next week, instead cu nan um wic-i, was lormeny uoumaiuuu. be seen In "The Taming of the Shrew, The Mercnu-ui. ui caac au na School for Scandal." the local chapter of the Daughters of - noirMtitlnn will fnrma tlv attend the Charles Richman perform- Avenue hhjo.i-'.' "". is to be a reception on the stage. m w acaulred the Columbia theater in Bos- the' New .England metropolis, the oth- ers name uie Juajwwv, the Hub. FOOT-WARMING' DEVICE. Simple Apparatus for Quickly Heating the Pedal Extremities. The great army of unfortunates who ar- afflicted with cold feet will hail with joyous acclamation a device devised for their benefit. While the accompanying picture gives a good idea of the affair, it may be in order to state that it is merely an attachment for the ordinary steam or hot water radiator with which modern buildings ana heated. In shape and somewhat in appearance the foot warmer resembles the tootrest of a barber's chair. It is THE FOOT WARMER. connected to the radiator by a short pipe, through which the heating agency passes into the footwarmer. Myriads of tiny holes pjrmit the heat to escape in such quantity as to quickly warm the feet of the merchant when he reaches his office on a cold morning, or the feet ..f the woman shopper when she reaches a store. GENIAL RAYS. Spot Cash Distinction. Mrs. Chic "Anybody, can buy a foreign title now." Mr. Chic "Yes; but not on credit." Life's Little Anomalies. Clara "Pepper, they say, makes people irritable." Cora "That's queer; Harry gets mad when the pepper-bottle is empty." Telephone Repartee. "Who are you?" "Who are you?" "I asked you first." ( "Well. I won t talk unless I know who you aif." "All right neither will I; good bye." FLASHES OF FUN. "And how is your daughter getting on with her music?" "Fine! She's got so she calls her teacher 'the maestro' right along." Chicago Record-Herald. The Brute "What are you thinking of. Mamie?" Mamie "I am dreaming of my youth. The Brute I thought I you had a faraway look in your eyes." j Princeton Tiger. "He Is very proud of his ancestors." I "Yes," answered Miss Cayenne. "And i vet I don't believe his ancestors would ! notice him if they were alive and ho tried to bo familiar. Washington Star. "How about that little bill?" asked the doctor. "Why, doctor," was the reply, "only a little while before you sent it in you told me not to let anything worry me, and I haven't." Chicago Post. First Child "My father's got so much money he doesn't know how to spend it." Second Child "That's nothing. My father's got so much monev that mother can't spend it." The New Yorker. PERSONALS. Miss Susie Gentry, of Franklin, Tenn., has the largest, most interest--! ing and valuable collection ot gouras in existence. Empewjr William and the empress and their8jg!ldren arc enjoying skating on the artmcial lake in the grounds of the new palace at Potsdam. A public banquet will be given in Buffalo on the evening of January 31 in honor of John G. Mllburn. who will leave that city the following day to take up legal practice in New York city. Dr. John W. Stearns, head of the school of education In the University of Wisconsin, and one of the most prominent educators in the northwest, has resigned to take up lemon culture In California. At the funeral of former Premier Slgnor Zanardelll, of Italy, held last Wednesday, more than 50,000 people followed the body to the cemetery. The funeral was one of the most imposing ever held in Italy. A movement has started in South Carolina to collect funds for a statue of N G. Gonzales, who was assassinated by James H. Tillman. Mrs. Marv P. Screven, of Columbia, S. C. has initiated a woman and press fund for this purpose. & & & Poetry is the music of the soul, and above all of great and feeling souls. Soliloquy From Macbeth. BY WILLIAM SHAKSPEARE. Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow, t Creeps in this petty pace from day to day To the last syllable of recorded time, And all our yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle! k.i. - ,uibi-n thadoitt a noor'olaver fl-l 1 U O wuh " 3 That struts and frets his And then is neara no more; n is wic Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, Signifying nothing. fft&rtWiiii riittf MiW DEFENDS HJSJOURSE Continued From Page One. the man killed by the shells of the Colombian gunboat, and no property destroyed, was due to the action which. I have described. We, in effect, policed the 'isthmus in the interest of its inhabitants and of our own national needs, and for the good of the entire civilized world. Failure to act as the administration acted would have meant great waste of life, great, suffering, great destruction of property; all of which was avoided by the lirmnesc and prudence with which Commander Hubbard carried out his orders and prevented either party from attacking the other. Our action was for the peace both of Colombia and of Panama. "It is earnestly to be hoped that there will be no unwise conduct on our part which may encourage Colombia to embark on a war which cannot result in her regaining control of the isthmus, but which may cause much bloodshed and suffering. "I hCMilnlc to refer to the injurious insinuatiouH which have been made at compile! 5- hy thbt government in Hie revolutionary movement in Panama.. They are a destitute of foundation as of propriety. The only excuse for my mentioning them is the tear lest unthinking: persons might mistake for acquieticence the silence of mere Hi lf-ienpeel.. I think proper to say, therefore, thut no one con-uectert Ttith this government had a a v part in preparing, Inciting or encouraging the lute revolution on the lufliinus of Pnnamn, and that save frem the reports of our military imd naval officers, given above, no one connected with this government had any previous knowledge of the revolution except such as was accessible to any person of ordinary intelligence who rend the newspapers and kept up a current acquaintance with public affairs,. "By the unanimous action of its people, without the firing of a shot --with a unanimity hardly before recorded in any similar case the people of Panama declared themselves an independent republic. Their recognition by this government was bastd upon a state of facts in no way dependent for its justification upon our action in ordinary cases. I have not denied, nor do 1 wish to deny, cither the validity or the propriety of the general rule that a new state should not be recognized as independent till it has shown its ability to maintain its independence. This rule i.- derived from the principle of nonintervention, and as a corollary of that principle iias generally been observed by the United States. But, like the principle from which it is deduced, tho rule is subject to exceptions; and there are in my opinion clear and imperative reasons why a departure from it was justified and even required in the present instance. Tlieso leasons embrace, iirst, our treaty rights; second, our national interests and safety; and, third, the interests of collective civilization. I lilted States Must Build Canal. "Long before the conclusion of the Hny-Herrnn treaty the course of events had shown that a canal to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans must be built by the United States or not at all. Experience had demonstrated that private enterprise was utterly inadequate for the purpose; and a fixed policy, declared by the United States on many memorable occasions, and supported by the practically unanimous voice of American opinion, had rendered it morally impossible that the work should be undertaken by European powers, either singly or In combination. Such were the universally recognized conditions on which the legislation of the congress was based, and on which the late negotiations with Colombia were begun and concluded. Nevertheless, when the well-considered agree- mnt was rejected by Colombia and the revolution on the Isthmus en sued, one of Colombia's first acts was to invoke the intervention of the United States; nor does her invitation aopear to have been confined to this government alone. "Bv a telegram from Mr. Beaupre. our minister at Bogota, of the 7th of November last, we were informed that Gen. Reyes would soon leave Panama invested with full powers; that he had telegraphed the president of Mexico to ask the government of the United States and all countries represented at the Pan-American conference to aid Colombia to preserve her integrity: and that he had requested that the government of the United States should meanwhile 'preserve the neutrality and transit of the isthmus' and should 'not recognize the new government.' In another telegram from Mr. Beaupre, which was sent later in the day, this government was asked whether it would take action 'to maintain Colombian right and sovereignty on the isthmus in accordance with article 35 (of) the treaty of 184S,' in case the Colombian government should be entirely unable to suppress the secession movement there." Here was a direct solicitation to tne United States to intervene for the purpose of suppressing, contrary to the treaty of 1846 as this government has uniformlv construed it. a new revolt against Colombia's authority brought about by her own" refusal to permit the fulfillment of the great design for which that treaty was made. It was under these circumstances that the United States, instead of using its forces to destroy those who sought to make the engagements of the treaty a reality, recognized them as the proper custodians of the sovereignty of the isthmus. Question Moat Important. "This recognition was. In the second place, further justified by the highest consideration of our national interests and safety. "In all the range of our international relations I. do not hesitate to affirm that there is nothing of greater or more pressing importance, than the construction of an interoceanic canal "Long acknowledged to be essential to our commercial development, It has become, as the result of the recent extension of our territorial dominion, more than ever essential to our national self-defense. In transmitting to the senate the treaty of 1846, President Polk pointed out as the principal , : - hour upon the stage iNWM reason for its ratification that the passage of the isthmus, which it . designed to secure, would relieve us from a. long and dangerous navigation of more than 9,000 miles around Cape Horn, and render our communication with our own possessions on the norin-west coast of America comparatively easy and speedy. The events of the past five years have given to tnis consideration an importance immeas urably greater than it possesseu n. 1846. . ..... "In the light of our present sii."-Hon tho establishment of easy ana speedy communication by sea between the Atlantic and the Pacific presents itself not simply as something to be desired, but as an object to be positively and promptly attained. Reasons of convenience have been superseded by reasons of vital necessity. which do not admit of indefinite .- layi- ... .... To such delavs the rejection oy lombla of the Hay-Herran treaty directly exposed us. As proof of this fact r need nnl- refer to the urogram outlined in the report of the majority of the Panama canal committee, read in the Colombian senate on the Mth of October last. In this report, wmcn recommended that the discussion of a law to authorize the government to enter upon new negotiations should bo indefinitely postponed, it is proposed that the consideration ot the subject should be deferred till October si. 1304, when the next Colombian con gress should have met in ordinary ses sion. By that time, as the report goes on to say, the extension of time granted to the New Panama Canal Co. by treaty In 1893 would have expired, ana the new consress would be in n posi tion to take up the question whether ine company had not, in spue oi tur-ther extensions that had been granted by legislative acts, forfeited all its property and rights. 'When that time arrives,' the report significantly declares, 'the republic, without any impediment, will be able to contract, and will be in more clear, more definite, ana more advantageous possession, both legally and materially.' The naked meaning of this report is that Colombia proposed to wait until, by the enforcement of a forfeiture repugnant to the ideas of justice which obtain in every civilized nation, the property and rights of the New Panama Canal Co. should be confiscated. Trouble Would Have Ensued. "Such is the scheme to which it was proposed that the United States should be invited to become a party. The construction of the canal was to be relegated to the indefinite future, while Colombia was, by reason of her own delay, to be placed in the 'more advantageous' position of claiming not merely the conpensation to be paid by the United States for the privilege of completing the canal, but also th $40,000,000 authorized hy the act of 1902 to be paid for the 'property of the New Panama Canal Co. That the attempt to curry out this scheme would have brought Colombia into conflict with the government of France cannot be doubted; nor could the United Stalws have counted upon immunity from the consequences of the attempt, even apart from the indefinite delays to which the construction of the canal was to be subjected. On the first appearance of danger to Colombia, this government would have been summoned to interpose, in order to give effect to the guarantees of the treaty of 1846; and all this in support of a plan which, while characterized in its first stage by the wanton disregard of our own highest interests, was fitly to end in further injury to the citizens of a friendly nation, whose enormous losses in their generous efforts to pierce the ' isthmus have become a matter of history. "In the third place, I confidently maintain that the recognition of the Republic of Panama was an act justified by the interests of collective civilization. If ever a government could be said to have received a mandate from civilization to effect an object the accomplishment of which was demanded in the interest' of mankind, the United States holds that position with regard to the interoceanic canal. Since our purpose to build the canal was definitely announced, there have come from all quarters assurances of approval and encouragement; in -which even Colombia herself at oiW time participated; and: to generaVa'ssur-anees were added specific acts afia de clarations. In order that" no obstacle might stand In our way. Great Britain renounced important rights under the Clayton-Bulwer treaty and agreed to its abrogation, receiving -in return nothing but our honorable pledge to build the canal and- protect' it as an open highway. It was in :view of this pledge, and of the proposed enactment by the congress of the United States of legislation to give it immediate effect, that the second Pan-American conference, at the City of Mexico, on January 22, 1302, adopted the following resolutions: " 'The republics assembled at the International conference of Mexico applaud the purpose of tne United States government to construct an Interoceanic canal, and knowledge that this work will not only be worthy of the greatness of the American people, but also in the highest sense a work of civilization, and to the greatest degree beneficial to tne oeveiopment ot commerce between the American states and the other countries ot the world. Recognition of Others. "Among those who signed this reso lution on behalf of their respective governments was Gen. Reyes, the delegate of Colombia. Little could it have been foreseen that two years later the Colombian government, led astray by false allurements of selfish advantage, and forgetful alike of its international obligations and of the duties and responsibilities of sovereignty, would thwart the efforts of the United States to enter upon and complete a work which the nations of America re-echoing the sentiment of the nations of Europe, had pronounced to be not only 'worthy of the greatness of the American people,' but also 'in the highest sense a work of civilization.' "That our position as the mandatary of civilization has been by no means misconceived is shown by the promptitude with which the powers have one after another, followed our lead ' in recognizing Panama as an Independent state. Our action in recognizing the new republio 'has been followed by like recognition on the part of France. Germany, Denmark, Russia, Sweden and Norway, Nicaragua. Peru. China, Cuba, Great Britain, Italy, Costa Rica, Japan and Austria-Hungary. "In view of the manifold considerations of treaty right and obligation, of national interest and safety, and of collective civilization, by which our government was constrained to act, I am at a loss to comprehend the attitude of those who can discern in the recognition of the republic of Panama only a general approval of the principle of 'revolution' by which a given government is overturned or one portion of a country separated from another. Only the amulest Justification can warrant a revolutionary movement of either kind. But there is no fixed rule which can be applied to all such movements. Each case niust be judged on its own merits. There have been many revolutionary movements, many movements for the 'dismemberment of countries, which were evil, tried by any standard. But in my opinion no disinterested and fair-minded observer acauainted with the circumstances can fall to feel that Panama had the amplest justification for separation from Colombia under the conditions existing, and, moreover, that . its. action was in the highest degree beneficial to the interests of the entire civilised world by securing the immediate opportunity for the building of the interoceanic canal. The Case of Cuba. "When we interfered it was freely prophesied that we intended to keep Cubs and administer It for our own interests. The result has. demonstrated fa now an IndeDendent rnnnMlo x Duvm few years, till it was able lo . alone, and then started it ; ,-. ' career of self-government -'!' .' pendence, granting it all aid. We have received from ; ' grant of two naval station '"' uated that they in no poV.' -s menace the liberty of the ih, -.i 1 yet serve as important ',' the Cuban people, as wel; as own people, against possiv.. '.. attack. The people of Cui ,.-' '' Immeasurably benefited by ." ference in their behalf, a!;,; ..' gain has been great. So wi:; , ... ,' Panama. The people of ;h.- ..' and as I firmly believe of ""I, cent parts of Central and .',',:, tea. will be greatly bety-tii. -; ' '. '. building of the canal and tli -V .- , tee of peace and order a ions V. and hand In hand with the b.-: ' them will go the benefit t- ., mankind. By our prompt .i-i cislve action not only have Mtir . .. ests and those of the world a- -been conserved, but we ha., stalled complications which w- :e ; to be fruitful in loss to oursc. . ', in bloodshed and suffering ; ' people of the isthmus. "Instead of using our wo were invited by Colombia l,i , for the twofold purpose of ,).&.,.. our own rights and interests at:.! : interests of the civilized wort!, of compelling the submission : : people of the isthmus to those . they regarded as oppressors, v. as In duty bound, keep the open and prevent its invasion. ;,;., while, the only question now ;,-;, us. is that of the ratification treaty. For It Is to be vem-ras : that a failure to ratify the tree;. not undo what has been dove, v not restore Panama to Colombia. . will not alter our obligation to k-the transit open across the !.-:: :. and to prevent any outside ; from menacing this transit. "In conclusion let me repeat that question actually Detore tins p.. ment is not that of the nvoist." of Panama as an independent r-t lie. That is already an accomrii.-fact. The question, and the only tion. is whether or not we shall! y,: an isthmian canal." U. S, WOULDN'T PERMIT INVASION OF PANAMA Waclitntilen .TaitllflVV 4. Acdim TV' V- ing President Roosevelt's ni'vs.is were copies of notes exchange! !e- ,-iA., Davdf the eetem-v of state concerning the attitude ;' rne United States in case i o..m:i:nt treena ohoiltH h SOIlf tO Paiiailla. A 1 Ml copies of two notes to the state .! pariment by the minister of rair.-a.a to the United States. Secretary Hay's note to den. n said in part: " f am inctmietpd to sav to VOI11' r- cellency that the government. t'e. United States wouiu regar.,: nun i;m gravest concern any invasion of v -; territory ot ranama. t,.n. fo thp reason that blO'"iH: ' 1 and disorder would inevitably r-wlt throughout . tne wnote cwm i isthmus, and for the broader rwts-n In lha nninioll Ot the PrOSl.;0'.it. the time has come, in the Imerest universal commerce aim ciwn....i to close the chapte." of s.inuiaa:y and ruinous civil war in Panama Minister Benau-Varllla mimmed Secretary llav that Panama wor.M assume part of Colombia's debt a soon as Colombia recognized Panama a Independence. FIVE LAID IN GRAVES Continued From Pace One. Leggett, Chandler Randall, iv-phew of the deceased; for Mrs. Perdva! S. Pease, Louis C. Ling, Lindsay i . Moore, - L. J. Whlttemore, Seymour Adams, Ervln Palmer, Jr., .Warrn P. Isham; for Elizabeth S. Pease, I'm ! Leggett, George W. Raynale, Hayaala Whitehead and Nelson Whittcmorc. Two .aslieta Side By Side. Side by. side in the little- parlor ! ner home from which she had departed in all confidence when she Wt Detroit to spend the holidays with her' daughter in Chicago, the luirr.el and blackened bodies of Mrs. Clara Kuehleman and her son-in-law. ll'-r-man Fellman, . lay buried in thnv-r-, mute tokens of sorrow from tlua' many friends, yesterday afternoon. Twin hearses conveyed the bodies cj St. Paul's German Evangelical chur-!:. where the pastor. Rev. Fred-ri-'K. Mayer, eulogized the dead man !'".' the trait of character that made Lira forget his own safety in his niotlu-; .; onrll and hroilsrht him to a ti'-: death, when he might otherwise hav-i been alive ana wen. Airs, wmnii'mm, he said, was a rare woman and aa example to all. Tho funeral then moved to Wcmi-mero cemetery, where Mrs. Kwnif-man was laid beside her liu:-i'.md, Mr. Fellman's body being Interred iu the family lot. iJIrs. Bertha Fellman's Body Sot Fonnd. The body of Mrs. Bertha i-vnmnn has not yet boon found, ami there- u a strong probability that iiotlim.; remains of it but ashes. If found, however, it will be brought to Detroit for burial. Danger is Vet to Come. One of those injured in the iroqunn theater disaster at Chicago last sie.-ic is Miss Josephine Spencer, daughter of George Spencer, formerly of Detroit, and a granddaughter of Mrs Edwin Jerome, 104 Joy street. Mrs. M. Nielson, an aunt of Miss spencer, left for Chicago at once upon heat-ins of her niece's injuries. Mrs. Niels .a states in a letter that Miss Spere":-is being well cared for at the Side hospital, that she is improvm,-but that -the time of greatest dan?'" is yet to come. The letter Is in pa it as follows: Only One of Bight to Kcnpcil. "Miss Spencer was tho only one ,,! a party of eight young school friere:) who escaped from the fire alive A. young man who looked Into the de... of the theater soon after the dlsas p r. heard a slight moan coming from number of bodies. He rushed 10 s-' who it was and first took out woman. Later, he returned ami sa two little feet sticking up with t'-o shoes burned' off. Noticing a s!i?' -motion of one foot, he threw the de w bodies off and then found Mi- Spencer standing on her head, u slbly her position saved her from being trampled to death. Her cloth- were nearly torn off her body au-i she was severely burned about n- face, limbs and feet." t Miss Spencer is also a niece ot Henry Cleveland, assistant secretary of the police department. Markers Did Sot tio to th" Iroquois. Louis K. Markey, Sr., who.e '.an;. with that of his nephew, Louis T n-n.n.A,4 n the 1st ' - missing in the Chicago theater ter, was in bvh ... not attend the Iroquois theater on leaf ternoon of the fire. He laim heartily when told of the reports had been published, and said: "Well, I intended to go there wi my nephew, but we changed n,fnds and took in the gtudebaker tl, -ater instead. My nephew, who years old and lives with his V" in Chicago, stayed downtown all nls--with me and that is th?"! reported missing. I dldn it se e a n the sights of the fire except . the "n of people waiting to go througn Ideal Manufacturing Co and will 'znain m. -wwu . vw iiiiiliM

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