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National Cotton Week May 15-23 SEVILLE COURIER NEWS National Cot fan Week May 15-23 THE DOMINANT NEWSPJiPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOLUME XXXIX—NO. 5<X Blytheville Daily New* Blytheville Courier BlythevilJe Hermld Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, MAY 23, 1942 SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Mexico Prepares To Declare War On Axis Nations MEXICO CITY, May 23. (UP)—Mexico, enraged by the ruthless sinking of its ships, began the formalities of declaring war on the axis today. President Manuel Avila Camacho, after a three-horn meeting of his cabinet, called a special session of Congress and announced it not only would be asked to proclaim a state of war with Germany, Italy and Japan, but also to "adopt related measures" to seize axis property and inten WPB Will Receive Gas Rationing Plans F o r Approval Next Week WASHINGTON. May 23. (UP)— u The Office of l ~^'>f' >i '> c " Tvnn»»rmi i t.j i i- I Bids On Buildings , To He Opened June 5 Bids for instruction of 250 buildings ai the twin-engine training school here will be opened at 11 a.m. June 5, Col Jar vis J. Bain, chief of Memphis U. S. Engineer District, announced recently. An advance notice of the work has already bee released lo prospective bidders. In addition to the 250 buildings, a number of .separate installations such as storage tanks, towers, and flagpoles will be made. Complete plans on all of this work will be available Monday, and " MacArthur's Airmen Again Raid Enemy Bases At Rabaul And Lac MELBOURNE, May 23. (UP>— lion today perfected tion-widc gasoline DIES mm Services Will Be Held Here Tomorrow For Dan Ste : ven Ross Funeral services will be held here tomorrow afternoon at 2:30 o'clock for Dan Steven Ro.ss, 53, a life-long resident of the Yarbro community who died at Baptist Hospital in Memphis yesterday afternoon. He had been ill for more In ordering the permanent commission of congress to convoke the extraodinary session at once, Camacho set no time limit, but it was believed that Mexico would be at war with tho Axis by Monday since there was no doubt that congress would grant Camacho's request. Announcement Quoted The government announcement said that "in virture of the ag- gressioii of which the nation has been the victim on the part of the nations of the Axis—first by the sinking of the Mexican Vessel, Potrero Del Llano, and then... the Faja DC Oro...the president of the Republic directs the permanent commission to convoke congress in special session... in ordei se Transport- L vU , fac Mcmch ; allci the closlng Amorlcnn and Australian plane p ans for na- Junp a sct Qf drRW l severely damaged a Japanese lauke ™ I™"* "^ « ^op transport .am a stream-lined, ^^unc I KU s- pl - 0 ,pectivc bidders, Colonel smashed 13 Japanese planes m raid portatlon policy as possible solu- » yesterday on Japan's two KITH tions to the critical rubber short- DlV u _ _ northeastern Invasion bases. Army-Navy Pay Raise Agreed On Soviet Riflemen On Tanks ; * • . . . Smash Nazi Counter-Moves At Kharkov, Moscow Bays Stiff Too Much Is Too Much! age. The rationing proposal, under study for the past week, is expected to be submitted to the War Production Board on Tuesday for final approval. Key points in the transportation program would be pooling of existing facilities—buses. trucks and railroads—and elimination of unnecded or duplicating services. Difficulties Seen I WASHINGTON, May 23. (OP) — Some officials believe it will be Senate-House conferees today, impossible to initiate the nation- agreed on le K islation providing IU wide gasoline program by July 1 bnsc !«•>' ^ $« a month lor low-, when permanent rationing will be cst grades of men m the armed; established for the 17 cast coast forces. The _ mca.suro also woud states and the Pacific northwest. f raises to the other six than n week, but his condition, was not considered critical until Thursday morning. Last rites will be condutced at Cobb Chapel by the Rev. A. W. Harris of Jonesboro, assisted by the Rev. D. G. Hindman of Yarbro. Burial will be at Elmwood cemetery. Pallbearers will be Mose Smith. B. B. Aiken, T. R. Ivy, Dr. E. V. Hill. L. R. Matthews and Alvin Huffman Born near Blytheville, he was the son of the late Dan and Mary S. Ro.s.s. pioneer settlers. His father had come to Mississippi County just before the War Between the States. Some members of his patenial family had settled in South Mississippi County earlier and a great uncle, Nathan Ross, served as - county judge in 1835. These relatives moved to Texas where a great uncle, Newton Ross, served as governor. At the time his parents died the location of his relatives iii Texas was not known and he went.to Yarbro to live as the foster son of Jasper Yarbro for whom Yarbro was" named. He attended school at Yarbro, also Laneview Academy- at Laneview. Tenn., and Nelson's Business College in Memphis. He served as bookkeeper and clerk for A. M. Winer, pioneer merchant here, and in 1904 married Miss Minnie Evans. He returned to Yarbro in 1906 to be connected with Winei a iid Ross and in 1910 was a partner with Huffman Brothers in the community's first gin. For many years he had engaged in farming near Yarbro. At the time of his death he was a member of the board of stewards of Yarbro Methodist Church and secretary of the Yarbro Sunday School. Besides his wife. Mrs. Minnie Evans Ross, he is survived by a son, Dan Ross Jr.. of Detroit, and four daughters. Miss Alice Marie to declare existence of a state of war between Mexico and the Axis powers and to adopt appropriate (other) measures." Foreign Minister Ezequiel Padil- a, long an enemy of the Axis, said there was "full unification and comprehension" at the cabinet meeting, which was held in the National Palace, the Mexican White House. Five Generals, including Camacho, participated. The others were Gen. Pablo Macias, War Minister: Gen. Maxim ino Avila Camacho, the President's brother and Minister of Communications; Gen. Heriberto Jara, Minister of Marine, and Gen. Salvador S. Sanchez, Chief of the President's General Staff. The form of rationing to be snulc.s of enlisted men. and com- used in oil producing areas also missioned officers would be given presents a troublesome problem, larger .subsistence and rental ul-i officials said. They point out that lownnces. although Texas, Oklahoma, Kan- The conferees also agreed on a sas, California and other states Senate provision to make the in- ha've plenty of motor fuel, it is creased pay scale permanent, The just as important to conserve tires House version of the bill would in these areas as along the At- have made them effective for the lantic seaboard where gasoline is duration of the war. scarce. The ODT order yesterday direct- Camacho Congratulated The Palace was crowded with Thc House had approved a. $50 month scale for the lowest grade ing four bus lines operating be- 1 .service men, privates in the army tween New York and Washington I am j apprentice seamen in the navy, to pool their services, interchange Army privates now get $21 during tickets and eliminate duplicating h nc 'f, rs t four months, then $30. operations was expected to set the Apprentice seamen get $30 a month pattern for future transportation | from tnc ^.orders. • To Avoid Duplication Officials pointed out thai 5,000 miles a clay was wasted through duplicating services of the four Gen. Douglas MacArthur. announcing the raids today, .said thai two grounded enemy bombers were destroyed, a tanker was severely damaged and five of eight, challenging Japanese fightor planes shot down at, Lac, in New Guinea. A big troop transport was crippled nntl six heavy enemy bombers were badly damaged in a raid no Rabaul, iu New Britain island, lie said. The raid on Lap was the sec-one in 24 hours. In the previous ruii two Japanese bombers and u fighle plane were destroyed, two bomber were badly damaged in a raid 01 challenging fighters were shot dowi It was indicated thai again th Allied planes flew through unfavorable weather to make their attacks on Lao and Rabaul. the two most dangerous enemy bases in the northeastern zone. Reports of the crippling of a tanker and n troop transport apparently meant that enemy forces were re-assembling, after their lines, and that tires, buses and gasoline will be saved when the order becomes effective June 3. Suits Filed For Auxiliary Fields Conil Sun clef cut, for u w:w invasion thrust. Especially encouraging to Allied aviation officers were the two straight successes of their raiding fleets at Lac, bolh in bombing heavily defended bases and in fighting off the determined attacks of Japan's best fighter planes. UK Nuvy-O. Sixteen enemy fighters had sought to intercept the Allied planes, eight in each raid, und of them hud definitely been Lt. Maynard Fnmkenbei'K of Beverly Kills, Calif., a student at tin Third Army Junior Oek-ors Training Cenler ut Camp Bullis, Texas pauses under a broiling Texas sun to drink deep I'roin his cimluci deft). Evidently Lt. Frankenberg has decided hi; drank too deupl (right). ('3RD ARMY PHOTOS from NUA TELKPHOTO). Ross of Hood of Yarbro, Detroit. Mrs. Clarence Mrs. John A. Bage of Campbell. Mo., and Mrs. V. M. Brister Jr. of Blytheville. Cobb Funeral Home is in charge of arrangements. Mrs. Will Perkins Dies At Gosnell Senators, Deputies and Supreme Court Justices, who congratulated Camacho on the cabinet's decision and pledged their suport. Mexico will be the 10th and largest Latin American nation to declare war on the Axis. Mexico had, by far, the most provocation. An iAxis submarine sank the tanker Potrero Del Llano off Florida on May 13. Mexico, not wishing to go to war, sent a note to the Axis through Sweden—with most other American nations, it already- had severed diplomatic relations with the Axis—demanding a "full explanation and reparations." Germany's reply was to sink the ship. Faja De Oro, which was fully illuminated and easily identifiable as had been the Potrero Del Llano. Formally at Peace Since 1847 Camacho called his cabinet into session. ,It was an historic session >ecause Mexico has not formally seen at war since 1847," and then t was with the United States, now ne of Mexicos closest friends. Informed quarters believed that nilitary and economc collaboraton between Mexco and the United States—already impressive—would be "mmeasurably quickened." The American Embassy declined comment, but it was understood that the cabinet had given it "most welcome news." Mexico City already was assuming the atmosphere or a new war capital. Tension had been high since the first ship was sun kwith widespread demands for a declaration of Southeast Missouri land for two auxiliary fields for the flying school sr , 0 t down in addition to others Other ODT actions aflecting ncrc was covered in condemnation ' Damaged nnc j possibly downed, but transportation were: suits filed in United States Court nt)L c i a i mc d officially. WAR BULLETINS 1. A survey of intercity bus and a t cape Girardeau, Mo., by United railroad passenger travel in 101 |states Dist. Atty. H. C. Blanton cities to guide a progra mof justing travel requirements available facilities. 2. A survey of freight car move- to Pemiscot owners ol part of this land arc A m e sti \i t 40 acres;' Army Calls Dentists v _ Green> 80 aci - es; De wey ments on Wednesday. May ^ 27 - Yarbrough. 40 acres, and which may, set a -design, for ' PrHp auUnc schaeffer. 380 acres, cities to guide' a'program of ad- tial civilian goods. ,__ ... .. T Cities in which the traffic S ur- ^niersville was.the.owner of The late Dr. F. KinsoMng of Two dentists. Dr. L. H. 'Moore Mj-5 1 land Dr. Don F. Smith, have rc- Ijceivcd notice to apply,;* for commissions in tch United' States will be held include: Alabama—Birmingham and Mo-| listed in lnc suit bile; Florida—Jacksonville; Georgia—Atlanta, Macon and Savannah; Kentucky—Louisville and Paducah; Louisiana—Alexandria, New 625 acres of Dunklin County land L ^ Stock Prices Army, it was learned today. It understood that another ilentist has also received [orders of a similar nature but this had not been verified at noon today.. A. T. & T Orleans and Shreveport; North ^ ^ Carolina—Wilmington; South Car- j ^'mer Tobacco olina—Columbia and Greenville; Anaconda copper Tennessee—Johnson City, Knox- ...... 116 .. : ... 40 5-323 1-2 Beth. Steel 51 1-4 Reichel Joins Marines 58 Maurice Reichel of Tuscaloosa Ala - ha * l)Ccn inducted into the ville, Memphis and Nashville; Vir- I Chrysler ginia— Lynchburg. Norfolk, Rich- c J Cola ................ 71 U. S. Marines and is spending t mond and Rbanoke; West Virginia Gen ' Ele J,tric ............ ' 24 3-4 fcw clavs here with/ his parents Hull Says Americans Do Not Realize Seriousness Of War Struggle .WASHINGTON, May M. (UP) — ccrcl-nry of State Corclcll Hull 1» formal statement today warned ic nation against a feeling of too optimism regarding early ictory In the war. Hull said he "had "noted with measmess" nn inclination among icoplc to. anticipate.-an earlier vlc- ,ory than had been expected. "Victory will be hastened by every iddltional ounce of effort whicl each one of us puts forth In t situation that is as threatening as if his own house was on five," he said. Hull's complete statement whicl ic read to his press conference "I have noted with uneasiness that some of the American people, seeing the rapidly increasing strength of the United States and —Clarksburg. M!r. and Mrs. F. G.' Reichel whil General Motors 433-4 Mont. Ward 28 1-2 awaiting final call. New York Central He was inducted at BirmlnRhnn «• Ffc . ' TV 1 • ANVJW J.UIK. \_/unutu < , • i , r Name Rotary Delegates mt. Harvester 43 3-4 and expects to report for service a CARTJTHERSBILLE, Mo., Ma}' 23.—Delegates named by the local Radio Rotary Club to the International Socony Vacuum Convention at Toronto, Canada, in | Studebakcr early June, arc North American Avia 10 1-8 I a Virginia station. Republic Steeel 13 7-8 LONDON, Rlny O. (HIM Royal Air Tom- pianos resumed their (hiyltfiht olT*Misiv« against the Gmmm-lidii <'»"Uncut today, having iitliuikiMl the siibmarini: l»us« at St. Nu- •/aire, on the Fn-nc.h Invasion const, ami hiicJ mines in «'"«my waters ilwinjc U»r nurht. A slroiiR- force of nluncs raced ucross the Dover Strait during the m«rnhig, United Tress observers _reported, to make a heavy'"'«iayl»fflit ullnck nn the OermAn-huld t»'«si » c . youd „ Calais jind Gupi;- Gris No/., on the' French coast. Tin: air ministry suid Ull planes returned from the r;iit!s. 2 7-8 7 4 1-2 New Orleans Cotton J _.,, _ president-elect Standard of N. J 34 Rick Kent and Chris Mehrle. with Texas Corp M l-£ alternates being George Roland Packard and James M. Reeves. U. S. Steel 45 1-4 Livestock Mrs. Will Perkins, 56, died at her home at Gosnell last night after an illness of several months. She was born here and had spent al of her life in this vicinity. Funera services will be held Sunday afternoon at 2 o'clock at the Hoi Funeral Home. The Rev. H. Gream pastor of the Second Baptis Church, will officiate. Burial wil be at Maple Grove Cemetery. Survivors include her husband; six daughters. Dorothy Mae, Doris Helen. Betty Jo, all at home; Mrs. Floyd Sharp, city; Mrs. Kyle Reecc of Elaine, Ark.; and Mrs. Leslie Richardson of Torrance, Cal.: eight sons. Frank. Gene, Logan and Findley. city; Hairy of Dell; Jim of Memphis; Bill of Torrence, Cal.; and Pvt. Dude Perkins, stationed at San Francisco; her mother. Mrs. Belle Bishop of Antlers, Okla.; and four sisters and three brothers. Building walls were plasterec with manifestos condemning the Axis. One, signed by the syndicate of government munitions workers, urged everybody to give one day of his wages for planes and war materials. The munitions workers already have. Hogs, 250. Top. 1405. 180-250 Ibs., 1400-1405. Cattle, 525. Mixed yearlings, heifers, 12251350. Beef cows, 900-1000. Canners & cutters, 675-825. New York Cotton Mar [May July Oct Dec I Jan prcv. Open hi«jh low close close 1590b 1992b 1990b ll)99b 2001b 1990b 1919 1922 1915 1920 1918 1950 1968 1955 1962 1960 1975 1983 1971 1977 197(5 1977b 1979b 1977b Mar May July Oct Dec Jan prcv. Open high low close close 1967 1975 1065 1973 1070 1978 1984 1975 1983 1980 1919 1925 1912 1919 1918 1939 I960 1948 1956 1955 1954 I960 1948 1956 1955 i July. '1958a 1960 1959 Chicago Wheat prcv. open high low close close 120'.'. 121 120 'i 120~H 120 Sept.. 122Ts 123 Vi 122% 123% 122 li: Plan Repairs For Water Supply Well CARUTHERSVILLE. Mo.. May _ 23.—At a special meeting of the '. city council Thursday night, it was voted to employ the Carloss Well Drilling Company to repair one of the city's water supply wells, with work to start soon. Mayor Funeral Rites Held For Bruce Dillard OSCEOLA. Ark.. May 23.—Funeral services for Bruce Dillard who died at his home west of town Wednesday night following an illness of three months were held from Swift Funeral Chapel Thursday afternoon at 3:30 o'clock. Services were conducted by the Rev. Harold B. Tillman, pastor of the Baptist Church, with burial in Ermen Cemetery. -Born in Lee County. Miss., he had lived here and engaged in farming for 22 years. He was 58 years old. He leaves his wife. Mrs. Pearl Dillard. and two daughters. Mrs Odell Morse and Mrs. Lonnie Price both of O.sceola; four brothers:: Roy Dillard of Osceola. John M.. J. *M. and W. L. of "Saltillo. Miss. Three sisters also survive. They are Mrs. A. L. Gregory. Saltillo, Miss., Mrs. Belle Fletcher. Burleson, Tenn., and Mrs. Fannie Rinc- hardt of Fox. Ark. Pallbearers were Robert Howerton. Earl Robbins, Nathan Wein- W. D. Byrd named the public I berg, L. K. Harwarg, A. D. Price building committee, comprising Al- j and Jake Kraus. derman Wyman Dillman. Ben j Honorary pallbearers were James Rogers, and Van L. Johnson, to i Driver. O. H. Lamb. Dave Young, cooperate with committees from W. P. Hale, and Melvin Speck, ether civic and community groups in staging dedication ceremonies when the new armory building will be opened for occupancy, about the latter part of June. It was also decided to forward a payment to the armory and library architect, with the balance, about $150.00. to be paid upon completion of the armory. Policemen Guard Eastern Aircraft Plant Stork Busy In Pemiscot CARUTHERSBILLE, Mo.. May 23.—Births outnumbered deaths in Pemiscot County three-to-one during April, with 50 births and 16 -dwiths. according to reports this 1 week by the Health Office, United Nations successes in various places nre inclined to anticipate an earlier victory than they had heretofore expected. "We can too easily be overoptimistic. We are in a hard fight which will be won only by the combined all-out efforts of all our people and all of the United Nations. "We .should accept our successes in a .spirit of .sober thanksgiving and greet our reverses with u grim determination to fight all the harder to ultimate and complete victory. "I have said it recently, but I cpeat because it<. js mast import- Victory will come sooner and vith » vast, saving in suffering in ife :\nd in property in proportion is every m;m and woman in this ountry and eacff of the United Muttons rrallpcs the extreme danger from thr purposes of the worst jzirbariiin loaders in all history vhn plnu to conquer and brutally the world by method:; of unparalleled savagery. •"Victory will be hastened by very additional ounce of ellort which each one of. us puts forth n a situation that is as threaten- ng a.s if his own house were on firr. It will be delayed and will .nvolve an unnecessary increase in suffering and in losses with any weakening of such realisation and with any Ingoing in effort and exertion'." Smith Named Director C. G. Smith, city, was automatically rlort.cd director of District 7 of thr MldSouth Cotton Growers' Association yesterday when primary eloHion balloting for nominees to this oflicr closed without any opposition being named against him. Mr. Smith will serve in this capacity for a one year term. CHUNGKING, May 'M. llirt —A communique said tonight lh;it 2000 Japanese troops have been kilted in :t battle near Yiwu on the Chtikiamr front of eastern China where the Japanese have failed in re- peaed attempts to break through toward the important Allied base of Kinhwa. A hijfh command communi- que disclosed the victory over un iinofilrially estimated 20,(KM) to 30,000 Japanese who landed from 20 worships on Chwan.shi Island north of the Min Iliver estuary on Wednesday. Although the Japanese landed under a heavy harrajrc from their ships more than half of them were annihilated and the rest fled in panic back to their, ships which later were cnpiR'cd by Chinese shro batteries, the communique said. LONDON, May 23. (UP) — An Exchange Telegraph Agency correspondent reported from Dinapur. Northeast India, that American Ueut. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell had arrived there with 100 other persons after a strenuous trek over the mountains from Burma. In Washington the War Department declined to comment on the report. : ierce Fighting Intensified. As Nazis Try Desperately To Halt Foe MOSCOW, May 23. (UP) •Front line dispatches today aid that tank-borne Russian iflcmen and fast-moving ar- illery had smashed repeated Axis counter-attacks with uigc losses, including 75 of 50 jinnorod vehicles in one battle and enabled the Red Army o press its offensive on the Khar- tov front. Fighting on the front .where the Reel Army broke through the outlying German defenses obviously was intensified and German counter-thrusts by tank -units were strong, especially, on the south i'Uuik of the Soviet offensive. Nazis Claim Progress (The German High Command claimed tho Russian offensive had collapsed and that since Thurs- dtiy the Axis forces had been progressing in a counter offensive on thfc entire front.) But dispatches to the Red Star und Ixvcstia told of repeated instances in which Russian auto- natlc riflemen, riding on tanks, md artillery units that wheeled rapidly gaalnst enemy flanks and hurled buck counter-attacks in which the Germans werp reported to have lost 15,000 killed in one area. * Russian dispatches on Friday said Germans had attempted to use airborne troops (presumably troop transports as well as parachutists) in Lhelr counter blows, but that these had all been quickly wiped ovit behind the Soviet lines. Ma,y Ilavo^Abandoned Air^.TucUcs ... blspatctieV fcoday^aW' riotr'mentuH'i''-'' air-borne units, indicating that the German losses may have forced them to abandon such attacks for the moment. The Red Star said, however, that Russian spearhead on the Kharkov front still was digging into the enemy lines and that a strongly fortified place before the city itsel* had been stormeed aend captured in an advance of several miles, climaxed by bayonet and hand grenade fighting that forces the enemy to flee. Dispatches to Izvestia, the government newspaper, said that Russian riflemen breaking into the German rear had played an important role in. seizing .dugouts and trenches and clearing the way for the main Russian advance. French War Hero Who Escaped Nazis Refuses To Return In "Deal" VICHY, May 23. (UP)-yA con- torn ptous rebuff of one of Adolf 1 Hitler's closest aides by Gen. Henri (Giraucl, former French war, hero I who escaped from a Gennan war .lust Call Him "Speedy" prison fortress, has resulted in PORTLAND, Ore. (UP) — Police paralysis of all negotiations be- Pat ro5mnn Harold Litscy didn't get twwcn Vichy and Germany, it was out, on the wrong .side of tho bed—beamed today. ^ hr just got, out too fast. He dived At a dramatic conference he™ for the alarm clock, his foot slipped, h c persisted in refusal to return he fell and broke two ribs. Dutch Puppet? For the first time in the United States uniformed policewomen take over the guard duties at the Fairchild Aircraft plant at Hagerstown, Md., carrying riding crops as arms.' 32 women are so employed at this pbnl. Picture pnssod by U S. Air Corps ronsor. (NF,A TF.T.KPTTOTO). ('oilerIs Toothpick Holders BREWER,. Me. 'UP)—Thrcr years aco Mrs. Charles H. Kinp .started collecting toothpick holders. Now shr has 112 of them, made of all sorts of ulass. china, iron, silver and crockery. .She hopes to collect 1000. July Sept. Chicago Corn prev. open high low close close . ffj\ 88 87 Iv, 87 K 86% 89% 90% 89 Vs Chicago Soybean* prev. open high low close close July. 177% 178% 177% 178% 177 Sept.. 171% 173U 171-H 172% 17M4 to Germany in exchange for 500,000 war prisoners. He told Otto Rahn, Hitler's secret counsel, that he would not trust the word of any German and specifically would not trust Rahn. R.han left hurriedly for Paris last night and Chief of Government PieiTc Laval left- with him. Rahn came here to UT to induce Giraud to return to the fortress from which he escaped by sliding down a rope he made himself of cdds.and ends. He wanted to make a deal to "uphold the honor of the £erman Army" by which Giraud would return to Germany and , then be released along with between 70.000 and 80.000 French war prisoners. Rahn promised also that additional prisoners would be granted three week leaves if they would promise to return to Germany and that all French prisoners working for Germany would be removed from barbed wire camps and given the "status of foreign volunteer workers. Anton Mussert, Nazi leader m the Netherlands, may head puppet state there> which Germans are reported planning to set up w^.-x nnd call Nicdcrmark. _ ^ U. S. WEATHER FORECAST ARKANSAS—Little temperature change tonight. BLYTHEVILLE— Moderately cooj today and. tonight.;.