Oakland Tribune from Oakland, California on August 31, 1935 · Page 1
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Oakland Tribune from Oakland, California · Page 1

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Oakland, California
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Saturday, August 31, 1935
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5 V , ' " ' '' ,'; ' ' : ,'. ... Prei -v-rJScrvtce TOME Pol 2c Weather Oakland and Vicinity Fair and mild tonight and Sunday; overcast night and morning; moderate to fresh west wind. TEMPERATJRES (Chbt Obierrstsrr) Maximum M Minimum 45 VOL. CXXIII-THREE CENTS SUNDAY CREWS FIAGF TIME TO DIG 3 Night Progress Slowed by Solid Mass of Timber; 21 Feet Maximum Recovery Concreting to Start Soon In Both Tunnels; Cracks, Slides Fail to Develop i r (Pictures on Section Page) Tiehting their way through tangle of fallen rock and timber, rescue crews in the Broadway low level tunnel moved forward slowly today in their efforts to reach the bodies of three men buried in Wednesday nighfg cave-in. The first rescue drift had been '. driven 21 feet into the slide in '. the north bore of the twin tunnel where the men were trapped. The second, also being driven from . the west side of the cave-in, had penetrated only eight feet. All night last night the rescue crews were forced to cut their way through an almost solid mass of timber and progress was measured liberally by inches. THIRD RESCUE DRIFT AWAITS TIMBERING . At the same time new and addi tional timbering was in progress in the bore behind the slide to permit the start of a third rescue drift into the pile of muck and debris beneath which the victims of the disaster are buried. The adit, or cross-rut between the two bores also was being greatly strengthened to provide a means of escape for men working the slide. It was through , this adit that some 60 work men escaped when the cave-In occurred. W. A. Whitmire, in charge of concreting-, operations, said this work was being rushed in both the' 'nof'th " end south oores. Prepare-. tiens were under way ' i Start con-''cystine in the north bore inside the -slide to provide a permanent lining for the section of the tun-ti1? now rieognized as the most dangrous. NEW ADIT MAY BE BUILT FOR SAFETY Whitmire, T. M. Price, engineer for Six Companies of California, contractors on the bore, and Wallace B. Boggs, engineer for the Joint Highway District No. 13, the builder, were to confer today in connection with the building of another adit as an additional safety factor. The original plans call for three of these in the tunnel. One has been built but the bores have not been driven to the point where the second is to be constructed under the original plans. Thomas Soule, Insurance company official, revealed that special . precautions also are being main tained against any gas seepage from the slide. METHANE OAS POCKETS FOUND FREQUENTLY Pockets of methane gas were encountered frequently during the driving of the tunnels, he said, a condition common in the Coast Range hills. Meanwhile J. B. Llppincott, Log Angeles consulting engineer brought here by the Highway District and S. H. Ash, engineer lor the United States Bureau of , Mines, continued their investiga-, tlons . of . the accident. Neither ' would comment on his findings. Engineers reported today that the earth above the tunnel apparently had stopped settling, at least for the present, and cracks which caused temporary closing of the old Tunnel Road had not increased in stee since yesterday. -This, they said, reduces the danger of new elides. -' ... - Six Miners Die in Sight of Comrades BRUAY, Trance, Aug. 31. P) Six coal miners died slowly of asphyxiation within' sight of scores of companions, helpless to save them, in the pocket- of a mine here last night. When artificial respiration apparatus arrived and rescuers were ablr to enter the pocket they found the men dead. Todays Tribune -,- $ubjec( Amusements , . Page .... 4 Churches ..'.. Classified Ads ....... , Comics .A . .. CrossWord Puztle Editorials . . . . . . .... . . Editorial Features fiction rinance ueraidine Cnave .............. Marine News Martha Lee ..... .... ... National Whirligig P-TA. arid Clubs ... . Radio . . . ...... Society, Women's Events. Sports . . , ... .. . . ...... .. 6 . .19 ..14 ..16 ..22 ..15 '..16 .;i2 ..18 ..16 .Ji ..17 ..18 ..17 .. 8 Theaters . .-. . Vital Statistics 4 21 n Star of Zealand, Proud But Old, Sails on Last Cruise to Scrap Heap fc.r"V. "SrtormttmfaMKt ..mi m n i nm i.M:fc'3kj'J Her sails set for the last time in the wind that she has buffeted for 35 years, the Star of Zealand cruises toward oblivion. As theStar of Zealand was towed out for the start of the voyage Japan, the camera caught this contrast a Bay Bridge tower through .The liner President Monroe steamed past the Star of Zealand at the old ship, one of the last from the wmlm TEN CENTS Oakland .Estuary' ''graveyard," , United Pre OAKLAND, CALIF., 200 AN HOUR Illinois Airman Winner Of First Feature Event Of Cleveland Air Races San Diego Woman Takes First Place in Derby Started at Los Angeles By MEADE C. MONROE (United Press Staff Correspondent) MUNICIPAL AIRPORT. CLEVEi LAND, Aug. 31. Harold Neuman of Moline. 111., flying one of Benny Howard's speedy little racing planes, shot around the pylons at more than 200 miles an hour today to take the first feature event of the 1935 national air races. Neuman received the winner's share of the $2500 Louis W. Greve trophy race, sponsored by the president of the air races. It was the -first of three such events. R. A. Ling of Moline, 111., flying a modified Keith-Rider plane, with retractable landing gear, took sec ond money, finishing a few hundred yards behind Neuman. Art Chester, of Glenview, 111., fly ing a Chester special, was third David Elmdorf, of Palms, Calif., was fourth. Neuman flies Benny Howard's planes in the closed course races, Howard, winner of yesterday's gruelling bendix by a margin of 23 lk seconds over Col. Roscoe Tur ner, is a transport pilot for an air- continued on Page 2, Col. 2.) that will take it to a junk pile in. the windjammer's spars, , NATIONAL AIR RACER MKE5 filili -' '"Mm t"went through the Golden Sate on of scrap metal, for Japan aser last f , A i YX i i ' IT I CV Auocialion SATURDAY, AUGUST Ethiopia Oil Land Lease Is Held Menace -0- Vo - .- ' t - BRITAIN WARNS HAILE TO DROP DEAL Storm of Italian Press ! Blazes With Wrath Over Surprise Move LONDON BLAMED Treaty Violation Charged In Bitter Four-Point Attack ROME, Aug. 31. (flV-Italian hostility to the Ethiopian oil concession to an American company blazed today in an article written for the Giornale D Italia by Vir-ginio Gayda, considered here to be the editor who most accurately reveals the ideas of Premier Mussolini.- While the Italian Government remained silent on the gigantic 75-year concession signed by Em peror Selassie, me newspaper levelled a four-point attack against the transaction. - Accepting the validity of the con cession "with the utmost reserve, Gayda said any such concession could not fall to arouse Italian nos tility. He said it would violate the treaties of 1891, 1904 and 1908. BRITISH SELF-INTEREST NOW PROVEN, IS CHARGE Second, he said it would greatly restrict Italy's economic and social expansion in Africa, even though Great Britain has 'already recognized Italy's need for expansion, Third, he said it would prove fin ally that Jtngland's interest in de fending Ethiopia before the League of Nations was for self-interest rather than ideals. ' ; I Finally, he said, 11 would re-veal Great Britain working in bad faith after Mussolini's extension of the olive , branch t Boliano when his cabinet announced Its Intention to respect British Interests In Ethiopia. On the first count,, Gayda said the concessions, would, amount to treaty. violation because "the monopoitfiWp" (Which of the numerous character . of such a concession would extend into territory where an Italian ione, of influence has al ready been recognized." . . LONDON CLUTCHES. FOR LAST UNDEVELOPED AREA' " On rhe second Count the editor said: "Sir Samuel Hoare recognized the right , of Italian expansion. , We would liketo know how this right . .. S , : 1 ! cw wnicn nas Deen recugnizna in tun land can be satisfied. Even in Ethi. opia, the British hand clutches the last undeveloped economic resources left in the world." On the third point Gayda said: "England' attitude as regard the Italo-Ethloplan problem Is supposed to have been inspired by the highest idealistic principles. We demand to know how news of the concession can be harmonized with these principles and how England can be exonerated from the suspicion of particular interest." ; . ' : . , Suicide Fails But Heart Attack Kills Defeated in an attempt to rom- mit .suicide on July 29, William McLean, 42, 3240 Chestnut Street, died today of a heart attack at Fairmont Hospital, where he was recovering from a slashed throat. , McLean cut his throat and leaped 12 feet from a bedroom window of his home in a suicide attempt a month ago. Surgeons sewed up his throat at the Alameda County Emergency Hospital and he was removed to. Fairmont Hospital to recuperate, where he died today. He is survived by a sister, Sarah. . Feminist Leader Weds Washingtonian PORTLAND, Me., .Aug. 3L m Miss ' Doris Stevens of Crbton-on-Hudson, N. Y and Jonathan Mitchell of Washington, D.' C, were married here today. The bride is one of the feminist leaders of. the couhtry. She was , divorced from Dudley" Field Malone, New York leader, in 1929 in Paris. her final cruise, with 5,000 tons cargo. -A. P, photot , ? y t 31, 1935 Protest Sweeps Over All Europe Anglo-U. S. Combine Given Huge Exploit Right by Selassie - n i , London Instructs Addis Ababa Envoy to Advise Monarch That Standard Oil-British Control of Resources Is Untenable LONDON, Aug. 31(AP)The Foreign Office announced today ttie-British Minister to Ethiopia had been authorized to inform Emperor Haile Selassie the British Government advises him to withhold oil concessions, granted yesterday. An official conimunique, after a day of silence said.: "HU Majesty! Government have at yet received no confirmation of report in today's preai of a grant of conceptions for oil and mineral rights in Ethiopia, buthave felt it necessary to inform His Majesty's Minister to Addis Ababa such concessions would undoubtedly be a matter for preliminary consultations ment, the French and Italian II of the Tri-Partite Treaty "In these circumstances Sir th'orized, if the report is true," to inform the Emperor that by any nation, the President is re-His Majesty's Government must. on their part advise him quired to place an embargo on to withhold the concessions. , The communique was issued as news of the granting of the concession roused a storm of protest in Rome, where editorial writers said it violated existing treaties, and reports from else- where that news of the concession would gravely affect Great Britain's role as a peacemaker in the Italo-Ethiopian dispute. By JAMES A. MILLS , ' . - ' (World Covyrifht. mi, br the Aoelt4 PrM.) ADDIS ABABA, Aug. 31. Ah Ethiopian Government official communique today announced that a' concession had been granted to the African Development Exploration Company, incorporated in Delaware, for development of . oil resources over virtually half of Ethiopia. . , . , . Francis M. Rickett, British promoter who negotiated the concession with Emperor Haile, Selassie, said the African Development Exploration Corporation was controlled by the Standard Oil Company. . . volved was not designated. The African Development Exploration Corporation was chartered at Dovfif; Del, July 11, 1935, with a capital stock of 5000 shares pf a par value of $100 a share. The incorporators we)re Alfred W. Britten, Edward F. Williams and Vncent.W. Weinturp. The charter, authorizes the corporation to drill for oil, seek out precious stones, gold, silver and asphalt, and to engage in the work of general development. Th,e headquarters are given as New York with Italy's Army Is Increased By 200,000 By ANDRUE RERDING, Associated Press Foreign Staff. WITH THE ITALIAN ARMY, BOLZANO, Aug, 31. Premier Mus solini told the soldiers of his great army engaged in war maneuvers to day that 200,000 more men will be called 'to the colors next month to bring the number under arms to more than a million. "The world should know yet again," he said, "that as long as one talks absolutely and provocatively of sanctions we will not give up one soldier, one sailor, or one aviator." (Thfi Rritiih Cahinut tit a iesi'n ( London hint uvofc urn reported to have decided to propone to the League oj Nalum Courted that mnctton penallie oHtiinM an aggrennor he invoked if nerenmry, to enforce, a net-tleme.nl of the Italo-Ethiopian din-pule.) lit told his assembled soldiers that they would not be permitted to return to their homes, as Is usual, after ordinary field practice, but would continue to serve Hie flag. CLAIMS MORALE OF ARMV DEMONSTRATED The maneuvers which have, been going on for the past week on the Austrian border, he said, demon strated the morale of the Army and had shown that "if tomorrow the country requires you to perform duties necessitating more sacrifices, you will do it with enthusiasm, courage and resolute decision until the very end." Military authorities said that they believed II Duce's mention of the recruiting of 200,000 more men in September Included 150.000 already announced as having been called to arms recently. ... II Duce . stood - near where the men who have been marching and countermarching for the past week were drawn up in extended ranks. KING AND GENERAL ACCOMPANY IL DUCE ' King Victor Emmanuel and Ittlo, Balbp, bearded aviator and Governor of Libya, stood near him. . Just before the , speech the Trento motorized division pounded by In hundreds of trucks. The Premier's speech was short, and was not concerned with politics except for the single mention of sanctions.1 There 'was: no reference to Ethiopia. Later,' in a brief speech delivered at Trfento, Mussolini told the cheering populace that "all those who de-' lude themselves with the idea of arresting or slowing ! up the valiant pace of this young Fascist Italy with miserable polities Are going to be disillusioned." ' ' ' " " i 22 PAGES by His Majestys Govern Governments under article of 19Q6." Sydney Barton has been au Standard Oil 'companies was in ' a representative tn Dover.) Rickett. said, in addition, that the Emperor had' entered negotiations to grant to a British-controlled corporation known as the Lake Tana Conservancy Syndicate the right in perpetuity to construct a dam, and pumping stations at the famous Lake Tana, headwaters of the Blue Nile.. Emperor Haile Selassie's act'on in granting vast' con-c( ns to American and British into ... ts was generally regarded here as closing the door to' Italian economic penetration of Ethiopia. DIPLOMATIC CORPS IS STUNNED AT BOLD MOVE It created a sensation In diplomatic circles, especially at the Italian legation. Most of the diplomats appeared too Stunned to make considered comment ,.but the gen eral impression among non-Italian sources was that the "Conquering Lion of Judah" had made a bold, shrewd stroke .which would have not only profound political and economic significance but would greatly affect the course of the Italian-Ethiopian controversy. Rickett said an Initial investment of 160,000,000 would, be made In the oil and mineral exploitation enterprise, to be controlled by an African exploration and development company owned by the Standard Oil Company, A U. 8. BOARD WOULD . DIRECT CORPORATION ' The affairs of the corporation, the promoter said, would be directed by an American board under an American president. ; T .,- The Lake' Tana project involved an investment of $50,000,000, Rickett said, and would be, controlled by interests representing Ethiopia, the Sdan and Egypt, with capital ap-. portioned among them which would be forthcoming from London and 1 Cairo. ' Capita! of $500,000,000 waa estt- mated by the promoter to be be-, hind both enterprises. A 75-year charter, authorizing its' holders to exploit the oil and min-, eral resources and develop an area of 150,000, square miles,' was signed , just ; before ; midnight Thursday, ' Rickett- said. - - - WORK SCHEDULED TO if !. ' BEGIN IN FEW. WEEKS This correspondent saw the charter, bearing the Emperor's official title. "Anointed Kinr .of 'Kings." There were two versions, one in English and the other In Amharic. They bore the Great Imperial Seal. , Rickett, known as the "Lawrence , of Finance of the Near East," and ; known for having acquired great Mesopotamian oil fields, said work I Would oegin in a few weeks. He said . the Emperor .would re-(Continued on Page 2, Col. 2.) EDI T I ON N E W S P A P E Ps. NO. 62 0 Roosevelt Signs U. S. Neutrality Act as Crisis Flares ARMS EMBARGOED Huge Deal Held Legal; Immediate Upshot Is Held Unlikely By HOBART C. MONTEE ' United press Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON. Aug. 31. (U.R The new neutrality act, designed to keep America out of foreign wars, was signed by President Roosevelt today as the Ethiopian crisis was complicated by granting of a huge concession to American oil interests. , Provisions of the act have no direct bearing on delicate issuel which may be raised by granting of the concession over more than half of Ethiopia, but its basia purpose Is to prevent entanglement of this country in event of open hostilities between Ethiopia and Italy. ,' Upon a formal declaration of war ligerents. Until such declaration is made, there is no embargo power, The act, Ineffective only to March lf 1936-' JHJSr is held unlikely The neDartment received In silence today the news that huge exploitation rights in Ethiopia had been granted to American interests,, but It was indicated that the United Slates has no intention of being dragged into a foreign conflict by such; a maneuver. - : , . Responsible State Department ' authorities said that the grant to American oil Interests of rights ' for exploitation of more than half , of Ethiopia on the eve of threatened conflict with Italy-presents no immediate dlpiomatle problems. ' ': h This indicated the Uriited States' r had, no intention of being dragged into the Itald-Ethioplan crisis by adventurous American capital. ' U. S, WOULD BE FORCED TO RECOGNIZE CLAIMS The "word "immediate" was used with" emphasis, however, , with the lull understanding . that,;' if. and when the Italo-Ethiopian crisis is settled, the holders of American property legitimately acquired, may well have claims against one or both of the belligerent countries, which the American Government would be compelled to recognize. . There was no attempt in Statt Department quarters to cast doubt upon the authenticity or legitimacy of the concession. It waa eonceded that Ethiopia is at peace, Is a sovereign power and that its ruler, Halle Selassie, is legally authorised under, all points of international law. to grant a concession to anyone bo chooses without, having the le- , gallty questioned. The question of what would be-, come of the concession in event that, foreign forces conquer ' Ethiopia and make that country a dependency or colony, and how far, the American Government would go under those circumstances to support' the claims of the American conces-. sioners were matters State Department officials had in mind when they used the word "immediate". They, recognized that the future might be full of delicate possibilities. SECRETARY REFUSES TO . DISCUSS POSSIBILITIES Secretary of State Cordell Hull said the tate Department wag not In possession of sufficient information to discuss the situation with intelligence. ' He said the Department had had no advance information that ' American Interests were negotiating for a concession In Ethiopia, , and had received no authentic details concerning the concession. ' He said the American interests, involved had not reported to 'the . (Continued on Page 2, Col. 3.) : Every Day Is Fool's Day in Filmland Se . SCREEN AND RADIO WEEKLY . When Eugene Pallette thinks he has been shot irv the stom-. ach or Norma Shearer hears herself bawled oUt in- public: by a waiter or Archie Set-.wyoJinds a wildcat in his bedroom they are just victims of an old Hollywood cus-'tom , without which the town wouldn't be where it is today one step outside, and sometimes one step inside the . booby-hatch.' See details in this full color section of to- morrow's . ' i;:'V,;'.'V

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