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Brooklyn Evening Star from Brooklyn, New York • Page 2

Brooklyn, New York
Issue Date:
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JOOKS my hand, and caused the seal of the United Suites to be affixed. Dono at th city of Washington, thl fif Twice that number can be had to maintain th Union at very short notice, If neces from the beginning of the world has been affected by female advice and Intervention, woman should have no voice or influence in the country which Fanny Kemble ha said ftfrtnhtg Star Rellgiou Matter. Bar. II. V.

Uoecher at Ilia Ply luouilt Church. Ma. Bkblukb, as was supposed Ii would, A Week In Washington. traa mm I Odds and AnecdoUs, Inoidtnts of Irani, to. I mar a well finish up these recollections pOOD If OR TUB MIND I I 11 you waut a book, boy It of J.

Q. BURR1XL, AT Til METROPOLITAN GIFT BOOK ESTABLISH MKNT," aow removed to the new and eleg-eut hjs 14 FULTON-STRKliT Kill F1KKKKPONT-8TK1CKT, where you oan gut ant aooa tuav vov bat want. BOOKS IH F.VERY DEPARTMENT OP LITKRATVltK. Aad you have tha advantage of rreelvlug a rlAMJbOktS PRESENT, woarH raoa (0 hunts to JUKI, which Is glveu with each book. tW ALL BOOKS AUK SOLD AT TUX PUU1.1SUEUS' PRICKS.

Aud you can seleot from the largest stock ever of fared lu this city, Including ALL THE STANDARD WOHKS, ALL THE LA I PUBLICATIONS. ALL DESCRIPTIONS OF ALBUMS, ALL TUB VARIETIES OF OIFT BOOKS, ALL THE STYLUS OF UlULES AND PRAYER BOOKS, ALL TIIK HYMN BOOKS NOW IN USE, ALL KINDS OF STATIONERY. BOOKS FOR ALL CLASHES upon all subjcculn avery etyi of binding, and ia eudleae variety. Remember, that In purchasing books of J. Q.

BL'RKILL, at the Metropolitan Gift Book Store, you pay uo more Uiaa vou would at auy other establishment, aud you have the advantage of receiving a valuable present with each book that you buy tar" On trial will eouviuee book buyers that the place to make their purchases I is of J. O. IWKlill.L, At the Metropolitan Olft Book Store, d.l IV Fulton-trit. CHINA, GLASS-WARE, ASTOUNDING I'KICKS roa C1ILVA, OLA83, FOR CAB II. EXAMINE '1' II LIST! FRENCH CHINA BREAKFAST PLATES, for Sa oeuta per duaeft.


each 1 It FRENCH CHINA COVERED DISHES, each 7t CUT ILA8 OOHI.ETH. the doacn. 1 IVORY HANDLED TEA KNIVES, th duetto IVORY HANDLED DINNER KNIVES, tbe doaen 4 00 IRON STONE CHINA DINNER PLATES, superior qualitv, the doan IRON Sl'ONE CHINA TEA PLATES, superior qunllty, djaeti IT 60 IKON STONE CHINA TOILET SETS, 11 pines. to All iuU oer delivered flee of oherge la New York aud J-rw-y Cilr. OVINGTON" BROTHERS, iMffiKTKKH fttiU OKU KB, Nu.

1138 mid Fultou atn-t, Brooklyn. WUOLMALK ARO IT AIL. Jutt nsHtlvmJ, a lot (tf new and tirgaiit Tnyt, worth $it ft Mt 1 will Iwtold lor $16. Alao, a ivrprva tnrvioo of nw and 1fraot Mttntal Vwr from to per wt mboat vuc-balt Iba luual prlco. I run China Tea iVt.

44 piece, superior quality, 60. Iron ctime OiflVt? Cupaatid tuofh, kandli'di Iflrgtt iiM, umUr quality, 'd4 pMW4a. $1. S. All ordvn frost tba titty or country tooiua tof thacaab, will prumpiiy attfuiird to.

aplat HAT IS A TKAITOH SPKINCI STOCK CHINA, GLASS AMD EARTI1ENWABB, Just received, and ready for sale to VOLNU HOUSEKEEPERS, AT PRICES TO SUIT TI1E TIMES, AT THS CHINA AHCADE, 17 Atlaxtio and 114 Clintom Stust, Opposite tbe Atheoaauin. T1IOUAS F. FIELD, Aft Brooklyn, April 13, 1S1. apl tf PIANO-FOETES. gTODABT PIANOS.

jamwTbTlent, Having been appointed by the manufacturers. Stodart Morrir, BOLE AOINT for the sale of the above justly eelebrated Inatrnment tor ui-ooKiyn, bugs to Iniorm bis friends aud the public; that be la prepared at all times with a lull aamrtment ol all aiaea aud stylos, which he to enabled to onVr at tlie LOWEST MANUFACTURERS' PRICES. J. E. L.

deems it quite unnecessary to ruler to the merita of Tim STODART PIANO, as It Is woll known by all makers and dealers, as well as by thousands woo own and have used them fir the fast quarter of a century, who will teetUy that they are, beyond all doubt, one of the best (If not the very best) Piano Fortoe ever manufactnrvd Justly known as the sweetest toned and the moat durable. The mAnufactiirera can with pride point to every Piano as an advertisement, and claim every owner as a friend. Parties desirous of purchasing on time can be by adding simple interest Also those who wish to hire can always be suited sola in price and style of instrument. JAMES K. LENT, 0S 0020 lv2dp Opposite City Hall.

TIANOS, MEL0DKON.S, ALEXAN- DUE ORGANS St the lownt nnulhl. neln Second hand Pianos at great bargains, from $28 to $160. Oue seven octave, second hand, froi.t round corners, fancy legs, fretwork desk and overstnlug, fort75. Pianos and Melodeona to rent, and rent allowed if purchased. Monthly payments reoeived for the same.

HORACE) WATKRS, Agent, mW IT it Brnn.l wni-, N. Y. THE LAW. sJPOONEK TABKlt, ATTORNEYS AND OOUNSKLLOHS-AT-LAW, no. o4o oltom-Btbrbt, Ai.pbn J.

Brooklyn. Fbank W. Tabiu, fe2l tf Commissioner of Deeds. KNOWLTON DEAN, ATTORNIBS Ann COUNSELLORS. (RbOHTS-AnWALT DND CONSULBNT.l 247 ItBOADWAV N.

A. B. Knowwoif. D. J.

Dbas rj28 EL. SANDKRSON, ATTOKNEY 4 COUNSELLOR AT LAW, Nut abt Public, and Commissions or Dsxn. OfScs I No, COURT-STREET, nis tf Bmoklvn. Y. Bbanob Rendezvous, I U.

S. Navy. SAILORS and ORDINARY SAILORS WANTED IMMEDIATELY. 1,000 Seamen and Ordiuarr Seamen wanted for the U. 8.

Navy Pay Irom $12 to $24 per month, with rations, grog and medical attendance. Apply for particulars, to JNO. A. OSIIOKNE, (late ol the u. B.

navy.l Mo. S3 water street, uroosiyo. taplO tf CARTES DE VISITE. PHOTOORAPHS FOR ALBUMS. This very fashionable picture takes in a superior manner, at K.

S. B. GARBANATI'S Parlor Gallery, 1M Atlantic street, aplO lwSdp Between Cllatoa and Oourt. sary. The power of the President to call upon th militia at inch a time ha been questioned, but that power 1 given him under th act of 1798, which declare that Whenever tha laws of tba United States shall be opposed, or th execution thereof obstructed, any but, by combination too powsrful to be suppressed by tba ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in th Marshals in this set, it shall be lawful for th President of th umtea otata to call forth th militia of such, or of auy other Stat or States, as may be necessary to suppress such combinations, and to cause the lawi to be dulvexecutod and the one of the militia to to be called forth may be continued, if necessary, until the expiration of thirty days after the then next session of Congress, The sympathisers with Treason, there-fore, who have hugged to their bosom the delusion that the hands of the government were tied and that it would be compelled to recognise th rebellion, will find that at least wa have not only a government, but laws, under which that government can put down rebellion.

The Pre. The Frew is almost a unit in its advocacy, more or let earnest, of sustaining the Government at tha present time. A few editors, however, still treat the war, which the rebel have forced upon the Government, as a question for political parties to decide, and to this way of thinking the Brooklyn Atm eeem to be inclined. It it ate in an article, after a rehash of the tale misrepresentations, ventillated during the lata Presidential campaign, that Dia- inon ha never reared it ghastly head, North or South, but 'to be rebuked and driven back by them, the Democratic party, and this not by violence and force of anna, but by an appeal to the reason and sense of Justice of the people of both sections, and the rigid enforcement of the constitu tional and equal rights of all." 1 It is all very well to "appeal to reason, but when cannon balls and shells are thrown in return, i it not time for the Go vernment to assert its authority by force But the statement of the iVswt is not cor rect when it say that the Democratic party never rebuked treason by force. Whenever the ghastly head" of disunion has been reared, and manifested itself by any deci sive act, force ha always been used.

An drew Jackson used force in crushing out disunion in 1832, and rebellion, everywhere in this country, ha been crushed by force, wherever it has shown itself, and not by reasoning. We should like to bare the News define it position. I it in favor of sustaining the Government in this emergency? Speak out, and let the people know where you are, and not dodge the question. The Eagle of this city i tha only news paper in the free States, of which we have any knowledge, that comes out squarely against sustaining the government. It ay Unless our religion i a (ham and the gospel of peace a congeries of faociXyW- text for theatrical decl-ii; unless the I better feeVr hotter humanity become extinct and reason has fled to brutish beasts, tne American people will refuse to be led against each other, and will demand and secure an opportunity of settling their dif ficulties by negotiation and means worthy rational human beings." It is the first time we hare ever seen any.

thing like a recognition of the gospel of peace" in that paper. Wnen men cnange their principles under pressing emergencies, th human mind is so constituted, that the sincerity of the change is at once suspected. Particularly is this the case when followed, as in this instance, by a demand for negotiation" when the enemy's knife has already been thrust at the heart, and with uplifted and bloody hand, is ready to strike again. To say that the American people will not defend themselves when thus beset, is to ignore their humanity, Christianity and patriotism. There can be no more ne gotiation until those in rebellion lay down their arms and submit to the laws which they themselves have helped to make, and, heretofore, sustained.

Virginia Commissioner, A committee of the Virginia Convention called on President Lincoln, on Saturday, to inquire of him what course he intends to pursue towards the seceded States. The President replied in writing, in substance that he intended to pursue the policy indicated in his inaugural address. He called their attention to some of the points, and repeats 1 The power confided in will bs used to bold, occupy and possass property and Eilaces belonging to the govern men and tocol-ect the duties and imports but beyond what is necessary for these objects, there will be no invasion, no using of fore against or among the people anywhere." The President says that he considers the military posts and property situated within the States which claim to have seceded, as yet belonging to the government of the United State as much as they did before the supposed secession and that he shall land forces in any of the States that may be deemed necessary to relieve a fort upon the border of the country. To accomplish this object he shall repel force by force. Mail to ths South.

In his speech to Tirginia Commissioners on Saturday, President Lincoln intimated that he shall caup the mails to be withdrawn from all the State which claim to have seceded. Such a course will injure, in some degree, the in terest of the North, a indeed, all war measures, of course, will. But it Is a just measure towards tha South for the reason, if for no other, that no public or private mail matter is allowed to pass without being over-hauled by the traitors. Tsndeb or Tboop Governor Curtain, of Pennsylvania, states that bo can have one hundred thousand men in Washington so maintain th General Government with in forty-eight hours if required. Despatches from Albany state that Gov ernor Morgan will issue to-day a call for twenty fiive thousand men for the assistance of tha Federal Goveraornuent, is teenth day ot April, in tne year ui uui Lord one thousand eight hundred and ixty-one, and of the independendence of the United States the eighty-fifth.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. By the President William II. Skwabd, Secretary of State. jlaue Legislature. Among the bills passed by the Senate, on Saturday, were that imposing a seven-eighths null tax for the sunnort of th Government; that amending the act concerning I be proof of wills that amending tne Itevnusu maiuies n.lutiva to trials hv Jurv 1 and ihe Brooklyn Deficiency bill.

Th bill to establish Nauti cal School In New Voik City was concurred in as amended. The Coney Island and Brooklyn Kailroad Company was authorized to construct a mad. In th Assembly, a report from tbe Jiuliriarv Committee on aliened abuses in drawing juriea aud talesmen waa laid ou the table. A number of bills, of local interest to Now York were passed. Tho aubstitute for the bill for the sale of I Jusrantine was ordered to a third reading.

Ths hill aaiendlng the New York Charter, amended hv the Senate, waa adopted. The Unsafe liuihling act was referred to a Select Committee. The enacting clause waa stricken from the act to limit the tenure of office of militia ofliuers. The thanks of the House were tendered to Speaker Little-John, and the House adjourned to Monday. Some of the New York merchants, object to paying duties because goods are entered in the southern ports without paving duties, We doubt whether thoy have not too much aulf-reiect to let their names bo published with their objections.

They might with equul propriety complain because they have not been allowed to rob tho mints snd arsenals at the north. Hut we should like to know if these complainants are willing to do anything to aid tho government in compelling the payment of duties at the south. We shall nut be surprised to learn that they are of the class which blames the government for attempting to establish its authority all over tne land. Slavebt a Bbkkdkb or Treason. In the whole revolutionary war but a single officer turned traitor to his country during the eight-years of that struggle.

But since the cotton States revolted, not fire months ago, four high officers of Government, one gcnernl officer of the army, and scores of colonels, captains, lieutenants with an in-dclinito number of naval-officers of high and low degrees havo deserted their country's flag, liesido theso acts of treason, thousands of democratic politicians, misrepresenting the loyal men of their party, have declared their sympathy for tho rebelr. Such is the didc-rencc between the men of tho present day ami of Seventy Six. What can more clearly illustrate the demoralization of the times Treasou is now the order of the day. Then it was a marvelous exception. Union Sentimkxt in Delaware.

The licpublicuu and Union feeling is very strong in North Delaware. We aro informed that Mr. Dupont, of Wilmington, who owns the lnrgest)iowdcr mills in tho United States, refuses to sell his powder to the secessionists. When asked if his busiues had not improved during these exciting times, he replied that he sold more powder to a sin gle mine in Pennsylvania than to tbeeulire South. A Pkospekol Thkascbt.

Mr. Chase hat now all the money he needs for tbo contingencies and is paying all current obligations which are necessary. Ho calculates upon a sligtitly-iocreascd revenue tbe present month, lie has had no occasion yet to touch the funds received on the last loan. All tho stock for tbe new loan has been is sued for which bids wcro.received. A Oebban Joke.

Mr. Dessaurck. our new Teutonic Minister to Ecudnr, is a funny man. It is said that he "thanked the President for having appointed him to the highest place in his gift" that is feet above the ocean, the altitude of Quito, tbe capital. Isuslneaa Notlcaa.

Dr. Velfead's Cankebinb Sure cure for DIPTUKKIA, gOKK TllilOAT or MOUTH, CATAKKAU, CUTS, 1IIKNS, CANKER, BOKK NlfFLKS, TUOT1I-ACHE, ULCEKATED GUMS, 4c. For sale in Urooklyu, by 3. W. I1AY18, 176 Fultou-atreet, Drs.

H. 8. BPAKK8 114 Ful-toa-avenue, J. CAKI'KN TEtt, corner of Joralemoo and J. T.

UUUO, 60 Lafayette avenue; T. BUOTT, Court, corner of Iegnv street; O. P. MILNE, SIT Fulton street. W.

H. BEN NETT, lcth it. corner 8d aveuue Oovaaus, and by drugglsta generally. J. BUR-BILL, Proprietor, Montague-street, neit door to P.

O. U24 tf Foster' Tab Sranr, for the euro ol Coughs, Consumption, and all diseases of the lunge, may be had at the newspaper depot, t8X Fulton, near Market-eL, Brooklyn. Also, Plasters lor pain In the back. Ae. Also, Tar Ointment for burns, soalda, Co.

Alio, Black Salve for cuts, bruises, sc. W. FOSTER, 96 Fulton-etreet. Brooklyn, Jan. S7, 18W.

a9 tf Tbb Wbuklt Stab, containing storica, anecdotes, literature, and all the news of the woes, la published at this office, every Wspmrsdat Arrsa koon, at 6 clock. Persona wishing to send a large sheet, full of use fal family reading.may to their friends, obtain it enveloped ready for maillnir, at 8 eenta. MAKRIAtiKS. Franklin MoNTronr AtCednr Sa-amo. L.

oa TiiurMiay, me jito 01 April, oy me Kev. John 0. Lowe, at the residence of the bride father, Walteb Foaxklin, of East Norwich, to Anmib Amslia, daughter of J. ftindlson Moutiort. lo New-York, uunl'ire Henry to Ml.s Msi'V Kafo.

daughter of llenjnmin Vim Duaer Capt. Josiah W. ul to Miss Maria eldest daughter of Jas. Far ley. IKATHS.

Osaiiah Id this city, ou Saturdav. the lath of April, Haroabet, widow of the late John V. Graham, and daughter of the late James aud Elizabeth Edwards aged 78 years. Mason lo this city, on Friday, tho 12th April, Jamks Mason. Maiion In this city, on Friday, the 12th Anrll.

Josai'H at A HON. SaiTll Iu this city, on Friday, the 12th Anrll. JosariiiNB wife of Wni. Smith, aged 21) years, adbwubto. in tins city, on Saturdav.

tho 18th of April, Joua Wauswobtu, a native of England, in the HTth year of his afro. Future In this city, on Sunday, the 14th Anrll. IIbnby Fiauaa, in the T2d year cf tali ag. HBA1.S in mis city, on euneay, uie 14tn April, TUOIIKON NBA1.S. Kuhlkb.

Iii this city, ou Saturdav. the 13th of Apru, ivAar-KB a. auhlu, in tue U2d year of his ge. Botsnton In this oity, on Suudav. the Mth of April, Mrs.

Catuabini liUBNTON, in the 74th year ui ncr bk. 8lTTBABi.AND..In tills city, on Bundav. tha 14th of April, Sabau, wife of Charles Sutherland, aged 40 voarf. Lyi.b Iu this city, E. on Friday, the 12th of jijiiii, nj a wuu ui Aiexenaer Lyle.

Hau.ook At Paramaribo, on the 7tli of March, SiUNir C. Uai.looh, a native of Sag-Harbor, L. 1., agt-d 24 years. HIUDBNIIOBr At East New-York. L.

I urday, the 13th of April, IIslina, wile of J. C. Mid-deudorf, aged 30 years. In New-York, John Coaklev. ae-pd 41 Kit, i by, wife of A.

K. Cox, M. and oldest daughter of David M. Hughes i William H. Corkey, aged 20 Cathariue Coudou, aged 20 James Fitzpatrlck, KM 04 James 11.

lloughtelin, aged 60; John H. Hckeou, aged do Kate, wife of Lmnn wm McPhillips, aged lis Ann Hnnffhtitr of th. lata 1 nomas Norris, aged 27 Ann Tucker, wife of Henry O'llara Ann, wife of William Smith, aged 50 Elisabeth Tutliill, wife of Matthew Vandorhoof, geu mm. mury lyrassa venncmano, agod 67 ml-iih widow of Charles P. Carnender i rct, widow of the late James Birmiuuham.

avodbit John Curry, aged 50 Ann wife of Peter Daw-sou, aged 40 Polly Pritcbard, aged 71, iL APRIL lfith. Th Star ha a largae Circulation to f-millM, and among TaPay, Brooklyn ml--IJ-fji" any othr DsJlY Py pobU thii City or Na- Tat-rlbl TralinB. -AccordiM to th telegraph, Eobert Walker, Sacrttary of War of tha Southaro Confederacy, lctri6ed the people at Mont- omert by speech which contained lome terrible threatening. After telling the new from Tort Sumter, he propfiecied that before many hour the flag of theConfeder- ey would float orer that fortren. No man, he said, could tell where the war this day commenced would end, but he would prophecy that the Sag which now flaunts the lirMu mrm would Hruit ovar the dome of the old Capitol at Washington before the first of aiay.

ic um try ooniiwra i-umn taat tba extant of Bouinern resooroee, auu night float eventually orer Fanuell Ball lt-alf." Now. eappoae we takVa look at the facte, and ie the extent of Southern resource. Statistic are ugly thing, but figure won lie. The population of the aeren aeceded State I 2,656,481 free, and 2,811,260 alar. matin? a total of 4,967,741.

The population of New York 1 3,851,503, which exceed the free population of the Secession States 1,095,083, and combined with the population of Pennsylvania, which 2,916,018, the two State how front of 1,906,018, nearly two million freemen bore the united free and enslaved of the aeren Confederate State. The State of Texas ha free population of 420,651, bout one-half the population of the city of New Tork, and the State of Florida has ire population of 140, 439, 'or about one- half the population of the city of Brook lyn. The gain of free population in the aeren seceded States ha been in the last ten tear, 6,475,509 gain in the State of New York in the same time, 790,144, and in Illinois it has been nearly a million The receipt for carrying the mail ia the Southern Confederacy for one year, wa 1829,582, and the expense were 960 a loss to the Treasury of $2,253,378, In the New England States and New York, large surplus is realized to the Treasury from the postal service. The Bank capital of the Confederacy is between three and four million dollars less than the bank capital of Massachusetts, xclnsiv of forty-four millions deposited in her saving banks. They want to borrow 15,000,000, and as part of the security they offer to pledge the faith of the repudiating State of Mississippi, which has not a bank of sufficient account In the whole State to receive mention in statistical documents.

These States owed prior to any debts contracted in consequence of secession, an agregat debt of more than thirty million dollars. i These are but a few specimens of the statistics which might be cited tending to show that the threat of Mr. Secretary YYaixer was rattier Mmtatic. XRa--fyai, avail much beyond the extent of the Southern re In the present excited state of feeling at the South it is not to be expected that they will see the danger and folly of their course for some time yet to come perhaps it will require month to convince the seceded State that they are not as well off as before their experiment in governing themselves and paying their own bills. But tba love of the Almighty Dollar ia just as trong in the realms of King Cotton as elsewhere When they find that dollar clipped by taxes on imports, and by taxes on export, and direct taxes in full chase after them, and the costs of necessaries of life increased, a they will be, they will arrive at the conclusion that their style of conducting things has not been exactly the style conducive to comfort and happiness.

They will then see what all the intelligent world already sees, that they have been taking great fools of themselves. The Rebel Capture at atarrlng Garrison. The reduction of Fort Snmter teem to conceded fact, notwithstanding the in telligence thus far received has been through rebel source. Th fleet sent from this and other Northern ports did not fire a gun, and it is a question whether, in any event, they were to afford assistance to Major Anderson, in case of an attack or even that the fleet is or has been off Charleston Harbor. Thrc vessels only are reported to have been eeo there, and it may turn out, after all, that one of this number was the unarmed vessel loaded with provisions, and tba other a coast guard to blockade the port.

Should this prove to be true, the government has Succeeded most effectually In keeping it own counsel. What the re mit ot tni eerecy may amount to in a tragetical point of view, remain to be seen. It is intimated as highly probable that tha fleet has already reenforced Fort Pickens, and tha other fortification now in possession of the Government, in the seceded States, requiring aid. The attack and capture ot Fort Sumter, ia a military point of view, is a benefit to the government. This act of th rebels-firing upon a starving garrison, because it was proposed to send provisions to it in an unarmed vessel will have one good effect, and that is this it will draw distinctly, in' tha States remaining true to the Union, a line between those who are in favor of main taining tba integrity of th Union, and those opposed.

There can, hereafter, be no half-way position. Men of all political par tita will classed a patriots or traitors No foreign invasion could have more thor oughly united the States still true to the Union, in a determination to support the government, than the dastardly act of the rebel force in firing upon Fort Sumter. They have sown the wind and "now they must reap th whirlwind. The proclamation of the President, in another column, calling for 75,000 volunteer will responded with alacrity, Is her "Paradise." We do not eare speculate. We could however observe that ladies could send in for Senator who came immediately." while mere men were al lowed to grow as cool as the marbles of the ante-chamber.

But thia was "all right." It wa but the effect of that universal rul of politeness which never leaves a lady waiting. It wa besides certainly pleasant to see how soon the men whose faces were so knit up toward the coated applicants, bo-came full of nods and becks and wreathed smiles toward the petticoated. But how could they help it And here lie the force of the problem. It is not to be doubted that ladies of grace and cultivation havo a full share of influence at Washington. They have the entree many time where men have not, and contrive by their very earnestness and lack of artifice to efl'uct much which seems like artifice.

But women have influence everywhere in this country. Why not in Washington Bless their souls why not," as we heard an old Senator say 1 orrici sebkib. There are some curious problems, and one of them is that of office seeking. A member of Congreu wa (peaking to another of larger philosophy and broader ex perience, of the "annoyance" to which he was subjected by the applicants from his district. The other replied mat ne coum not consider it an annoyance it was a ne cessary duty, offices were honorable and.

were to be filled, and be could see no other modo than to hear the applicants and utt the application. It is certain that the day has gone by when offices seek the proper incumbents. Tbey have to be striven and battled for, and modest merit has a very unequal chance. Even the arbiters aro often so pushed and bayonetted by those who threaten revenge iu case of disappointment, that they often concede to seltisb men of tern porary fume" tbe gift which should go to men of settled character, conceded worth and constant faith. Some politicians hare suffered sadly by such mistakes.

It isgrat ifying to know that in several inatances under the present Administration, men have received appointment without appli cation, from a knowledge of their fitness. Such, however, are rare instances. Few can escape the general category which puts them, however dignified their station or tender their feelings, in the attitude of ps- Mtoners. Perhaps there is nothing which so decidedly takes all the starch out of a man, as to form one of a long queue waiting to say a word to the grand Sanhedrim of a department, with a large dispensation of patronage. The Secretaries doubtless do their best, and are very polite, but however honorable the offices may be when obtained, the seeking of them is a bore all round, and is unanimously so voted.

u. s. soLDiuns. On the way home we fell in with some soldiers, or marines, with the uniform of tbe army or navy. They had been off on a furlough and were recklessly and unmanageably drunk, a disgust and terror to de cent citizens, since temperance is so much a fashion in all other places, wo regretted to see these men let loose to give so bad an impression of the forces employed to fight the baatles ot the county.

From their condition wa should doubt if they found their way back to the.larrai'ks. LETTEB WBITBB. Among the most social conversational and agreeable people, in the miscellany at Washington, aro the letter writers, who furnish the papers with which they correspond their medleys ot facts, speculations and observations upon things occurring, talked of, and conjectured, concerning public affairs. The proceedings of these gentlemen are generally conducted with commendable discretion, which enable their free admission to intercourse with states men and Washington coteries. To all they thus gather they add an amount of observation and judgment of their own which often renders their communications valuable for more than their transient perusal.

Indeed the demand of the Metropolitan press for first rate talent, has given a high apprecia tion to gentlemen engaged upon the leading presses, which has been demonstrated in the selection of Thayer, Pike, Harvey and oth ers for foreign missions, and others for val uable places at home. It is certainly grat ifying to see unquestionable talent thus re cognized. The press is felt to be a power at Washington, and we are inclined to think the intelligence of a Republican Administration, and the present state of public affairs, will increase the reliance upon it, and the feeling among a free people of its value and power. THE NEWSPAPERS. I have elsewhere stated that the people of Washington seem to know nothing of things occurring in Congress or in their midst until the arrival of the New York papers.

Certain it is that all other papers hold an entirely Interior position. We could not but observe that whea long lists of appointments were made the Washing ton papers did not contrive to publish them on the day of their confirmation, but they were proclaimed by the New York papers in the first instance. Next to the New York press the meed of enterprise belongs perhaps to the press of Boston. The presses of nearly all the chief cities havo corres pondents and reporters, but tbe great reli ance is upon the New York press. While it would bo difficult and perhaps invidious to state degrees ot preference for tho differ ent journals, it is enough to say that those which display the greatest enterprise, and embody the greatest intellectual power, and scope of industrious and capable collaboration, have the pre-eminence.

This ia so clear that it has induced a rivalry, whicli though it is vastly expensive to the competi tors must place the American press upon the highest point ot attainment ever reach ed. AT BOMB. We reach home on the verge a local po litical contest, important a aiding to give strength or weakness to principles of which the argument pervades the country, while its chid Halls ot debate are at Washington. It is very clear that the importance of constant attention to public affairs is not yet appreciated by those who have a chief in terest in their movements and relations. A large class engaged in the pursuits of commerce give little attention to public movements, and neglect the privilege to vote until their business is stricken down as by a paralysis, and are then quite as likely to vote from a sudden impulse, and hasty and unintelligent examination as otherwise.

Our cities, therefore the places of merchants and commercial activity and wealth are rarely the leaders in any battles of free principles or political reform. A commercial guage and often a false one in these re spects is applied, and the cities aro given over to a host of active wire-workers, who are engaged the year round, and for years in securing public offices and making spoils of public power and influence. We are led to these reflections by the observation that the public meeting is not attended by those who should be the first to rally and lead in such meetings, and augur therefore a light vote, and a delivery of tha Mayoralty to our Democratic adversaries who are more earnest and active. We sincerely regret it but so it must be until a time of more earnest thought, better reflection, and more general effort. discussed ths duties of th peopl lu th present crliis of th country, lust aveulng.

Hs dwelt on th character of Moses as an emancipator of his people, who rejected him and fell back into mur hopeless bondsge than before. He then related his further efforts to raise them from th degrading effects of Slavery. The object of our government was to promote justice and liberty. Tba element of Slave ry was allowed a temporary refuge in the government by th unsuspecting Fathers, which has swollen to an unexpected Power. At th North, wa are Aueuiuans at ths South, they are simply Southerners.

The horrors of war were dwelt upon, but aaid he, I say that I fur one shall hot siihink. lea ther let there be war ten thousandltiinea ovor, than that Slavery, with silent corruptions, should be permitted longer to fester on our body politic. Mr. Dkkchkii then discussed the question, what steps are necessary to be takeu, and concluded by urging a firm stand for truth, justice, liberty and human rights. Th audience gave th utmost attention to the eloquence of the preacher, and seomcd to awake as from a trance, on singing that stir ring old anthem commencing sty eouiitrr, "til of thee Bveet laud uf liberty, Of thee I aiug," which was given with such a pronounced em phasis as eaused ths very blood of Ihe listener to lesp with patriotic fervor.

The Church of the Pllgrltua, Kev. Dr. Srouki put by the discourse pre pared for last evening and.delivered an extem pore sermon suited to the times, from Psalm', 120 7 1 I am for ponce but when I speak, they are for war." ila said whether the re ports just received from the South wero exact ly true or not, there is such state of affairs as requires careful consideration in order to doteruiln our duty and not be led to do wrong. Iu considering the duty of Christians at the present tinio, four propositions were present ed First It is our duty to recognlae the source of the trouble, which is Slavery opposition to Slavery may bays accelerated this trouble but Slavery was the cause and source of The cause of the violence of the friends of Si very towards those who disapprove of tho system is that it cannot lie defended by any reasonable or Christian argument, therefore when I speak they are for war. It might oe saiu mat tne slave was not so hardly treat eu as some auiipmwi.

xtut the svalein was wrong, it is a system of oppression, famiiiea are uroaen up, no protection lor tne chastity of woman or tbe manhood of man, they are auojeob to bixiuqihs anu capricoa otitis master, it is not the will of man that has brouirln on this agitation but it is a necessity of the civilization, and Christianity of Ihe age, that has pronuccu it. lu the Koman inpir there was no opposl tion to Slaverv, as loug as it remained hoa- Iben, but when it became christian Slavery was abandoned. So too in knirlund the u-onnel has produced tha result of the ureat decision of the Courts by which freedom was decreed to all her inhabitants. So lung as Slavery exists the uuitation cannot be stouoed. We have something to do, it ia the geniua of corisuanity to regaru oiners, not the great, or th Church, but because ye have dono it to one oi tne least oi mesa ye bave done it unto me." Secondly, It is our daty to guard against too much viudictiveness and anger against any part of our countrv.

Heretofore there bas been hut little of the spirit of reveuge exhibit ed by our people. There haa been such outragos committed on Northern people at the South as would have aroused the vengeance of the nation had they been committed by the people of any foreign power. But there ia some danger that too much feeling of hostility may lie arou.sed. He had seen men to-day with hands clenched who declared for vengeance. Ther is such a thing as righteous indigna tion but we must restrain It and guard it care fullv.

'1 bird, The national government should be sustained. Governments are the ordinance of God. Ours is one of the best on earth, our countrv hsd prospered under it, and if had a good inuuence on governmental reforms Europe. Our government is strong against foreign foe, hut constitutionaliv weak sgniust organized robelion and haa been grow ing weaker in consequence of the great acquisitions of Territory which have been made. 1 is our duty to enthusiastically maintain the goverument and sustuin tbe othcers in the dis charge of their duly.

Fourth. We ouht to bave a confidence God and in the progress of the gospel for the future succeas of the country. God haa given us a country which bad been hid from the world until he was ready to send a christian people to it, with the blessings of civilization and Christianity, Had the old heathen lio-mans, when they were pushing conquests over the world, discovered this continent they wouldkhave established heathenism, or had tbe urtuineu, wuu visueu mis country anu tnen departed, maintained a eettlement, tbey wouia not nave estaunsued tne institutions the gospel and civilization. The President' Proclamation. SEVKNTT-FIVE THOUSAND MILITIA ORDERED OUT AM BXTBA SESSION OF COKGBESS CALLED.

Whereas, the laws of the United Stntn hare been tor some timo past, and now are, opposed, and the execution thereof ob structed in the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, uouismiia anu icxas, oy combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or by the jwwwi tcsicu uiu iuarsnai8 by law Now, therefore, AUKAHA.Yf COLN, President of the United States, in virtue of the power in me vested by the constitution and laws, have thought fit to call forth, and hereby do call forth, the militia of the several States of the Union to the aggregate number of seventy-five thousand, iu order to suppress said combinations, and to cause the laws to be duly exe- VUbeu, The details for this object will be im HcuiaKi; uuuiuiuuicaicu to me state au- thonties through the War Department. sppeal to all loyal citizens to fuvor. fri tate and aid this effort to maintain the honor, the integrity, and the existence of our national Union and the perpetuity of popular government, and to redress wrongs aiicBUT long euougu enuureu. deem it proper to toy that the tint assigned to the forces hereby called forth isill prooaoiy oe ui repossess tite Jorts, places and property uhich have been seized from the Union i ana in every event the utmost mm will be observed, consistently with tlm nk ject aforesaid, to avoid any destruction of, or interference witn, propcitv.

or nir dis turbance of peaceful citizens in any part of iu i uvreuy command the persons composing the conilimnfinnii saia to aisperse and retire peaceably to their uuuuco wiuiin twenty davs from this date. Deeming that the present mndiiinn puonc amiirs presents an extraordinary occasion, I do hereby, in virtue of the power in mo vested by the constitution, convene both Houses of Congress. The Senators and Kepresentatives are therefore summoned to assemble at their respective chambers at twelve o'clock, noon, on .1.. fourth day of July next, then and there to consider and determine such measures as in their wisdom, the public safety and interest may seem to domasd. la witness whereof I havo hereunto set of a pleasant week at th Capitol of the nation, and of th erry day Journey were-to and therefrom.

A OLIVER HOAX. Our companion of the journey is much more in the habit of witnessing deceptions than of practising them. On tha evening of our arrival, he happened to meet some persons at the President' levee, who informed him that a much esteemed brother-in-law wa in Washington all tha way from California. Immediately a surprise was suggested, though we were altogether incredulous as to the ability of our friend to carry it out. Nevertheless the enterprise was attempted.

Our informant took us all to the chambers of the Californlan, a right hearty chap of the highest grade of talent and full of good nature. The Brooklyn deceptive was introduced among the rest as Mr. Winfast, a gentleman from Louisiana, who wa troubled with erisypela in the head. To accommodate this malady, he kneireH to he allowed to keep bi hat on, while hi face wa dexterously bandaged with his Docket handkerchief. The ruse succeeded to a charm.

The brother-in-lnw had not the least suspicion. A general con venation went on, in which Mr. Winfast took the part of a sore-bead, and excited commisseration. After the delusion had lasted perhaps a quarter of an hour, the perfection of the acting entirely overpowered our risibles, and a denouement became necessary. This completely astounded the nalifnrnian.

and nave rise to a domestic scene of no ordinary interest. Suffice it to say, that it wa unanimously voted that Mr. Winfast should be turned over to the District Attorney of Brooklyn as an arrant humbug and flagrant case of false pre tence. BOILBD OTSTKR8. It takes an age to make a grand discover.

Of all forms of cooking this most ii- lustrious bivalve, we had never heard of boiling them until on one tortunate evening the Californiaa took ns to an Oys-terium, where we witnessed the whole ceremony. First a large caldron, like that used by the witches in Macbeth, is placed over the fire, well supplied with water. When this is brouuht to the boiling point, the basket with your bushel or half bushel of oysters, is placed therein, and mere retained "just live minutes." It is then scienti fically withdrawn, and the contents thrown upon the board before the opener, and every man at tne least is eipecieu va uu ui ue-vours." The ovster in hot water keeps his mouth closed, and dies in his own juice. On coming to the air, his mouth opens, and you are admitted to all the ravishing mvsteries of his entimental soul. In the boiled condition you fully appreciate the truism of mine ancient Pistol, when he says why then, the world's mine oyster." It is needless to describe the oysterium.

Any senator or gentleman of taste will point you to it. It resembles a little the oyster himself; it hath a most rusty and bam-like appearance, and is redolent of a "most ancient fish-like smell." is the new institution," tueboiled oyster Senators and leading men ol muscle and ot talent, tnrong to worsmp tue molloscon's Moloch. We did not learn that the inventor ot boiled oysters had taken out a patent, and tberetore recommena4tne ais- covery to Domenick and Dorlon, our most eminent bivalvian. TUB QOVEBNOB or KKVADA. Among the persons distinguished, and deserving to bo distinguished, it was certainly a pleasure to encounter tbe genial, whole- souled, and somewnat muscular uovernor of Nevada, better known as General Nye.

He is assigned to an immense territory, 00-cuDied mainly by unsubdued Indians. Meet ing Governor Morgan, the Nevada monarch saluted him with distant dignity, and begged him to appreciato the difference between a small State like that of New York, and the principality over which he had the pow-er to preside. Apropos of the General. An incident occurred snowing nis peculiar fitness for the post ot courage and determination. At one of the hotels a blusterer named Perkins, inst from Montgomery, Alabama, was calling, with the usual seasoning of oaths, fur a "Massachusetts Black Republican to suiter at bis bands tne Southern judgment of instant annihilation.

The General claimed the post ot nonor, ano while the big man was swaying bis arm, Dlanted a blow in his eve. which republican- ized that organ to a very deep shade, and caused tbe bully to measure his length upon the floor. There was no need of a repiti- tion. His friends picked him up, and "se ceded" with him with great rapidity. If in taking "the brag" out of the Southerner, the General may be said to bave taken, bis life, he mar have accomplished with Perkins, a feat equal to that of Fits-James for Scot land 1 "Who takes the foremost foeman's Ufa, 11U party conquers in the MB.

MTBA OAINEg. We trust we shall be excused for inlay ing with these coarser memoranda, the name of a lady who is a vindicator of the strength of her sex, and one of the rarest gems of American society. How a lady should have accomplishedsomuch, and con- tinued to retain so much enthusiasm, is cer tainly an anomaly it not a miracle. The pictures of this lady do her no justice. Her beauty is in the lighting up, the expression, in what the rhetoricians call the "sermo cor poris, one gains your confluence in a mo ment, by imparting her own (that is, it she likes you); and we cannot well see bow any gentleman of the nobility of the bar, could fail to put lance in rest, and do his utmost on her account, one Das been no melancholy petitioner.

She has fought her bat-tlos evidently by inspiring hope and confi dence by saying "lorwaror to her counsellors, and carrying the standard herself. Her merry laugh rings out as if she bad allowed no care to settle upon her mind. and we trust sincerely the last peak of hsr toilsome progress bas been reached, and there are no mora Alps to ascend. Still there is the latest imagined obstacle, as little to be expected by patnots and legislators a "the crack of doom, an American rebel lion a denial of tho authority of the Su preme Uourt, in tne very case submitted. But this cannot be.

I he decrees of the S. Supreme Court must be respected and enforced. The same fundamental lore of right and of honor, which has enabled this estimable woman with slonder means, to triumph over every combination, will not be allowed to desert her at the crowning point of realization. FEMALB CtrLUENCB AT WASHINGTON. This may be a proper place to speak of a power "behind the curtain," which is not unlike the power behind the throne." It much asserted that the wives of various leading men hare much to aay upon per sonal affairs of office, if not upon affairs of State.

It is also said that so me who are not the wives of functionaries contrive to exercise upon them the irresistible power of their fascinations. This is neither strange nn- .1 1 1 sing, if, while th diplomacy of every nation.

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