VOLUME XXYTe DETROIT, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 9, 1863. NUMBER lviOo BILKER, TAYLOR & BARKS, - rw rVcf.JS; the Tri-Weekly $4; the : : i.i vi-ar invariably in advance. The su!scnl--rs. 16 cents per week, single Copies Five Cent. iAL INTELLIGENCE. Appicton' Cyclopedia. !":. general agent for Appleton's i Q eic; :'iHa, is stopping at the Michi-.. mil'i!. He will call upon our citizens 4.y, solicit subscribers for this valuable i ; i price !s to be advanced immediate-A.v publication ot Ihe last volume, ::"W in press, so that those who wish .a.-e will do well to subEcribe Im-i". This work was begun in Feb v)7. A corps of twenty-live writers n engaged on i', besides a great 1 occasional writers, who have con- artklcs upon which they were espe-;.;s-Unt to treat. Ail the papers treat- :!. crts and sciences have been en-..i::u ir.ct cmiuent professors. The rcvicir.g the articles, and correcting --.-cTs has been immense, but, as far ;- ;-r human handiwork to make it, Trfeet. The cost of revision ;--.-.:iJs Of twenty thousand dollars, r of titles or suhjtcis is about . thousand. The sixteen volumes vv. thousand eight hundred and , .. Tn print the edition cal'cd for of . volumes, required twelve tbou-, t; i ;r reams of white paper, and :. ' ( -'I'Ils of the sixteenth vol--::.: j'.v. hundred and X j less than seventeen thou-; is l.ave been obtained for the he Ti.r r.-aud cf whom live in the utti five thousand in the slave ;: tL- tr.c States New York has iur-:.r !.T.-. : t r.tiinl'cr of subscribers, Mas-ti--.- Mtvs-J, and Pennsylvania the ' ;:.(' -:.tve States Louisiana stands . i:.-t. T.V rul-Ushers, Messrs. D. ..i'.), have iim-st'-d $415,000 in its ..! . 1 Wf woifc is Ihe first original ' ; :':, ever published in this counts; icto, correct and concise, fur-il t!.v mnrt valuable works of ref-::-r i! to the public. We under !'. itt'.eiition of the editors and pub- a supplementary volume, in leets claiming treatment since :-nt of thewoik may be proper '. iii- issue oi n annual register of : v.hicb was begun by Messrs. '-. v.-i! thereafter funiish. a sup-' r : who want it. used by the officers of any State government are exempt from stamp duty. Whenever an instrument. Is executed by several parties acting jointly, one stamp only is re quired, -which may be affiled and canceled by either of the parties. Who Must Have a Pbdlab's Lioesse. Any pereonorfirm, employing one or more agents to travel about the country from place tp place, Eelling their wares from the wagons wherever they can find a customer, require a pedlar's license for each person so employed by them. False Alarm. The alarm of fire at 7)4 o clock last evening was caused by the burning out ot a chimney in the Fifth Ward. :::-;os'. We hive received a : f:o! a mera'isr of the Piovost .:v-us tj correct certain state--; '. j waicti aroeared in yesterday ion of 77,. Fro- I'm, under the I-.-nsefnl Adair." Themain facts ::i .pivstioa were received from a we lie-.-med reliable, bat,at the re el ;ae party, we give the state- : . :u;)iT of the Guird." The com- :-.e- th-1, on tho c-rculi.fi lu ijuw :ly tj-jrge.mt was ordered to take -: with him and repair to -.- house, and arrest a deserter. rge.-.a,l was in the room, .. "i wounded man) was ordered -ntraaee. lie took his po- : -". in obedience to orders, and ' - the negro Kussell came -.'iiie soldiers who were not . - i'r.n-ot Guard. Bertram step- - --.'.a lo ascertain if the deserter v.i-r- in pur.-iiit was among them, i tstdsc a word with the negro, '. '. iin v.ith an axe. -' -renre b :tweon this state-.-i.e already published, hut the - win appear on the cxamica- - v, !:o has entered a complaint About half past '' o'clock last iiiiiel-I r.nd another lady, who -Major Cass' carriage, stop-- 'i a lek iriend, and, just as -..'.'-d, ihe horses started, one and the driver, by pulling . 'ii-.-'.v them around in a circle, i.. - f.irriigc with the intention y the heads. He was not ver, and the horses started i: .tveunu at the top of their - - i-.y in .lie earriage. They ran :ry-z..ods boxes in front of , horses lell down, and Hie -it on the side-walk horses and carriage ' : Very little injured, but in contact with a more solid i -Milt vry.-,ld doubtless have Headquarters, First Keoijibst Michigan SUARi'HoorEitr', Gamp Chandler Kalamazoo, Jan. 5ih, 1S03. GENEBiL ORDERS, NO 1. I. The general rendezvous and camp of Instruc tion of Ihe First Regiment o! Michigan Sharpshoot ers i- hereby established at the National Fair Gronnds, near the city of Kalamazoo. II. All persons having permits or anthoiily to recruit for tnia regiment are instructed to stop re ceiving volunteers upon the ISth instant, until farther notice, aud to report In person, at theBe headquarters, on or before the 15th Inst., tocother with all the men enlisted by them. Transportation will be pro-idvd by railroad as far as practicable, and pcrtons having charge of recrnita will ncc the near est and most expeditious roti'cs. III. The particular attention of all persons re uniting for this regiment is called to General Orders Jio. 1, leaned by the Adjutant General of the State, under date of Jan. 2, lti3, and a Btrict compliance with the terms of that order will he required In all eases. IV. All necessary "passes" for the transDOrta- tion of recruits will be famished upon application to these headquarters, and all persons receivinx such "passes" will be held responsible for their judi cious ana proper nse. V. Persons having authority to recruit, but who have no enlistei men to report, are excepted from the requirements of paragraph II. or this order. Ail such persons are requested to report In writing, and to return all papers, blanks and passes received by them, to these headquarters. VI. All applications for information, or authority to recruit for the regiment, will hereafter bj addressed to these headquarters. By order of CHARLES V. DeLAND, Colonel Michigan Sharpshooters. Military Department, Michigan. Adjutant General's Officii. I Dktroit, January 2, 1SH3. f GENERAL OUDnlRS, No. 1. I. The enlisting of men belonging to one county whether its quju is full or not, to be credited on the quota of another county is prohibited. IL Men enlisted and ere Jited to one county whether its quota is fall or not, cannot be transferred to fill The quota "Of another county. Ill Allrciruittnginthe State, bath for old and new regiments wiu be Etoppcd on the 13th insUnt, uin alter me orait la made, for the purpose of fully ascertiining the number or men actually enlisted in the various regiments and making the proper credits to counties. IV. Oa the 15th instant. Colonels orcanizins and recruiting regiments and all recruiting officers and parties, whether for old or new regiments, are here by ordered to deliver at their respective general ren- oezvon', all men cnlifted by them nn to that time. All enlisted men not delivered as above ordered. cannot be credited to counties. V. As scon as the creaits are proaerlv assicned and sent to the diflcrent commissioners, an order will be issued lrom this office for the draa to take effect. VI. This delay in making the draft immediately i.- ,-u..a r,3 m- u.tBMiiy lor naving all the credits properly returned to this office and ten! to the different commissioners before the draft is mlde, to prevent uujnst credit being given. By order or the Commander-in-Chief. JN'O. ROBSRTSOX, Adj. Gen. To the Public Two months since, when the disappearance of coin from circulation caused great embarrassment and loss in business dealings, I iseued my fractional checks upon a special deposit in the State Bank of Michigan, which, being used in cbcuktion, seemed to Eupply a public and commercial want. Now, by the distribution of postal currency, there seems to be no further necessity for seeping these checks afloat. I therefore desire that all such chec ks now outstanding may be speedily I-rcscnted for payment at the State Bank. For the c.nvenicnce of the Hank I would respectfully request that the same be assorted inl parcels of common denominations, and that presentments be made during the morning banking h-iurs. from 0 to 32 A, M. wh. c. dlucau, tile Bank, corner of Broadway and Dey street, New York, for which $5,000 is offered. See New York dailies for particulars. Lewis Liilie. S. R. Woolley, at Ives' Bank, Detroit, State Agent for Lime s celebrated safes and locks. Gold, Demand Notes, Canada Currency and Silver, wanted by L. W. Wallace & Co., Bankers, Detroit. See quotations in this column. Persoks Having Gold and Premium Funds to sell call on Wallace & Co., corner Griswold and Lamed streets. Gold Canada 33, Demand Notes r. per cent, ptemiam at L. W. Wallace & Co.'s, 60 Gris wold street, comer Larncd, Detroit. All Militart Accounts accurately made up by Robinson & Broons, over Ives' Bank, Detroit, We direct attention to F.'L.'SErrz & Co.'s quota Lions for premium fundB, to be found above. Read Dr. DeLos' advertisement in another column, headed Private and Confidential. Wrrn Premium Funds Call on Seitz & Co. FOREIGN ITEMS. The Official Gazette, of Turin. Dublishea a re port addressed to Ihe King by the Minister of ruDiic worKs, stating mat tlie Virginia tobacco leaf has risen to such a price, in consequence of the civil war in America, that it has become necessary to 9eek for a substitute The Minis ter, tncrclore. recommendB the King to offer o prizu of 10.000 francs for anv kind of Unharcn whether home grown or foreign, which shall possess all tiie qualities of the Vinrinia leaf. rhe report is followed by a loyal decreefto that euect. Da Chaillu defends the stttement in his book against. Mr. Ksede's attacks (printed lately in the Albion), and offers to lay 1,000 against 3 000 of Dr. Gray and his friends, that he will kill five or six gorillas in two years, and bring tueir Bmub auu tKeieions Dome, preserved with a preparation to ne given rum by those gentlemen. A Berlin journal states that there are now in the Prussian capital seven Catchers' shops for the sale of horse flVsh, and that 750 horses have Deen Kiuea in tne present year lor their supply. No animal can hi slaughtered for these estab nsnmenis wuuout a certmcale lrom thn vet onnaiy burgeon ol the police. The notorious Yelvertnn mnrrino-o t,oo ueeu orougni 10 a conclusion ra .Edinburgh, the decision beinir in favor of Mrs. Yelrenon Lords Churchill and Deas were of opinion that the marriage was established according to the law cf Scotland. The Lord President delivered an opinion opposed to the other Judires. LatC6t particulars from Amsterdam snv prent i-ivuvo iiuvc uccii eauseu oy munaaiions in Holland. A dyke has "iven awav in the vicini ty of Amsterdam, and has caused a great deal vi imocmei. nuuurcus oi inaiviauais nav been suddenly bereft of all their possessions. Prinee Albert's remninR wrp tr, tin Mmr,.! on the 14th ult . from the rnval vault in Ht' GeorgeV Chapel, Windsor, to their last resting r,Ut,n nliinh hn 1 j i n K- uoo uccu uieuareu in rnp Tinw rnv. al mansoleum now erecting in Frogmore Gar- A frichtful accident occurred in Pnrtnirn r,.. the Eastern Railway. A bridge gave -way while a train with about t wo hundred "workmen was crossing. About one hundred of the men were Miiea, ana many others wounded. A commission has been aonointpd lvu i.u(jii2u uvwumtL. to inquire into tne work ing of the bankruptcy laws in different Enr.i pean countries, witli a view to reform the ev wm Ujn luuuwci, m tue uuoiuan r.mpire. Advices from Lisbon state that tho four iron plated British friirates Warrior. Tt'aeL- P,-,n,. Resistance, and Defencj had, during the recent iieu wcuiuer, an provea tuemseives to oa in possession 01 weatherly qualities beyond ex IICCUILIUU. partment of Gard. id France have iust been 6ent to Paris. They were raised from seeds supplied Dy.tne societe d' Acclimation, and are ui mu uescripuocs, oea isnna ana Louisiana. A medal has been struck in commcmnnfinn of the inauguration of the Boulevard du Prince Eusrene. It bears on one side the Iiknn nf tne rnnee, and on the other tho data of the opening oi tne uouievard. Lamartine has iust received l(i 000. as dm part proceeds of a lottery, which will pay all uio utuie, auu euauie mm to cna nis days in I.UIU1UI l. ;. A'l juver.iledom, who have iiify iairy legends, but have iii-re sportive eifs, together 1 mature years, will be - imi: Ihe announcement in an- relative to the appioaching "little (airy" D..!Iie Dutton. : -nts are to be held every af- us lor seven days, conitnen ii'.'iii-j, at Merriil Hail. Dol-iii'-ft diminutive specimen ..:.y m evihter.ee, being nearly twenty nine inches tall, and .;:teeu pounds. She has been f i.eaily fis years, and, it is '-;! !-y more than two mil i il'-iii.tkes thousands will be ' :! diiiiug her virit in De- ;. Yesterday afternoon a ;i:t 1 1 the city with his horse :r: ---ej the saloon of a man on '. -u iin-: whom he cherished an 'ii Mealy conceived the idea of . - unco upon his old enemy, and - eye, and revenge in his heart, 'i l, picking up a shiila'ah, pro :.nli;h the windows and door of - i!o:m. After pcrfoiming this '. i.e coolly mounted his cart and tv-.,i',ing, while his enemy went ' :-ro'jur-' his arrest. ' W. K Tunis, formerly of No. '.and whose establishment was :.-d by fire Wednesday niirbt, i6 :') sapj'Iy his customers with : - Lntil a more suitable ' -W.u d, he has been kindly per- .-tore on Jefferson avenue, ' corner of Bates street : -; ' : i'l-asc address as formerly : .-ii news dialer, Detroit. All ' ; rompt attention. Trutu. " Truth is mighty and will prevail, So will Uerrick Allen's Gold Medal Saleratm over all others, notwithstanding so many in the trade arc trying to imitate it and deceive the public with a spurious article. Onr advice Is to use no othc: try no other, call for no other, and be put oft with no other, for we know th2rc is no other as good. It takes less in quantity ; it is far superior to soda to use with crem tartar; ft is lree from all dekteri- ous substances ; you can obtain much better biscuits with it than with any otecr ealcratas or with soda we have. Try it, and speak from experience. Fine Skating. Now that we Bhall have plenty of ood skating we wonld advise all to go to the half-price shoe store. 111 Woodward avenue, op posite the RnspcH Uoa?e, and secure a line pair of Sksting balmorals, which they are selling at the re markable low price of f lm. Without doubt, tlii is the cheapest pice in the city to buy boots and shoes, and to all that shall want anything in that Iineforayear to come, wo advise to -goin," for snch a chance for bargains may not occur again for years. Notwithstanding the great cry of advance in dry goods, there is one house that is selling rea sonable, taat is George Peck. Fisher's Blocki he ii celling black mode and figured iilks at list year": prices. Good col i silk62 cents. His bleached cot tons are less than manufacturers' prices. No houi has done more to keep down prices of goods, and none has been more liberally patronised for it. The new programme at the Varieties this week is a great bill, introducing the new Metropoli- Minstre's, in a musical melange in which Lew Benedict. Master Besson, O. W. Blake, J. B. Parks, Jas, Armstrong, J. H. Carle, X. B. fchimes and MastOj. Henry will appear. Mrs. O. W. Blake, Miss Victoria, Miss EstcIH and Celertlne, and the celebrated SlCfTiist Family in their best acts. Gold yo, Canada kj. Treasury Note3 0, Silver 25 per cent, premium, in large lots more, at No. 63 Griswold street, near comer of Lamed, De troit, Michigan, by Foki. L. Seitz & Co , Bankers. Wc pay Express charges, and remit by drafts on N. Y. if desired. Also, give exchange at par for Legal Tender Treasury Notes. Please send or call Discharged soldiers, wanting pay or pen sions, and widows, or other heirs wanting bounty, back pay or pensions, had better correspond with D. W. Howard, authorized claim vent, No. 53 Griswold street, Detroit, than to intrust their busincsss to inexperienced and unauthorized persons. - - !!:!.:. Iivo detachments of ' 'My to nil. in their respective .'u' and nine men to the t;":'',-rs and thirty-nine men to '! licy were composed of new re-' '-t-'ents, and paroled prisoners. Hr-Klers are being picked up " l-.en taken prisoners and pa-:- 'ne number that were sent off :jiae Imiu New York regi- -i-vhi-iur Ni-iht. In yester- o: The Jr(: yv it was V.due;day night originated - h -cupied by W. E. Tunis as a e M-gluilcd to mention the fact of the building was used by : " a.r-"'y manufactory, and it .He originated from the ' it : tie ca::tfy, ns the clerks up-m airy,: It.", discovered -C'V-h the eiiing above. 'f.MEMT ((T-inl in ;i-;at-k to ii,e yur Removed. Geo. A. Bancroft has removed to No. St) Griswold street, where may be found con stantly on hand a large stock of confectionery, fruit. etc., also a completcassortment of stationery and all the current magazines and Illustrated papers. Widows, Mothers, and other dependent heirs of deceased soldiers, for the $10d bounty back pay and pension, should addrcjs or apply to Robinson & Brooks, authorized Claim Agents, over Ivca Bank. Hudson's Unrivaled Tooth Paste. Sold by Simonean, Spence, Johnston, Higby i Steams, Heigh, Duffield,LenbClmer: Doctors Field, White & Lathrop, Cleland, Aehlcy, Dumon. Notice Farrand Sheley & Co., wholesale, at manufacturer's prices. $100 Bounty, and money due widows and heirs, officers' and soldiers' pay, pensions and all kinds of claims against the government, promptly collected by Welch fc Meddnugh, authorised claim attorneys, No. 145 Jefferson avenue, Detroit. One hundred dollars bounty and back pay coilccud, and pensions obtained for invalid soldiers and widows, or other heirs of deceased soldiers, by D. W. Howard, No. t3 Griswold street, Detroit, To the Public. Gentlemen desirous of obtaining the highest price for cast-off clothing should call at No. -1 Fort street, opposite Russell House, or address box 520 Posloffice. r. emu jiinb. Discharged Soldiers desiring their papers, pay, pensions and ration money, should address or apply to Robinson & Brooks, first established War Claim Attorneys, at Detroit. GoldS5;, Canada o3,V, Demand Notes S3 pcrctnt. premium at L. . Wallace & Co.'s, CO Griswold street, corner Lamed, Detroit. Wanted, the Duodecagon Bank Lock pick ed on the mammoth Chilled and Wronght-Iron states ' at", 1?,rftr Safe, mjde for the Mercan- "loung lurkey," says the Levant llcraM, has iust formed a club in Stamlioiil nn m-iriv the English model, and elected the Suitan and uiis uareui Honorary meaiDers. me aosence oi snow in some parts of llussia is causing considerable mconvenieuce, and some apprehension was felt for the recently cuwu HUL-at crops. The poitoflice money-order Eystem has been introduced into Turkey, and postage stamps UtU UUUUL LU lOlKIW. Prince Ferdinand, late Kinir-conBort if Pnr. tugal, declines the candidature for the Greek tnronc Tho Paris gun-makers export arms to the val ue oi ?v,uuu,uuu annually. ihe state of siege, which has for some time exioieaat Warsaw, nas ocen su?xended. An enthusiast Frenchman proposes to build a railroad from Paris to Pckin. Fifty millions oi uoiiars are to oe axpenaea in tunnels alone. The Rush for Gold in New Zealand We have experienced a perfect paroxysm of ex itement since my last. About the middle of last month, two men suddenly made their appearance in town laaen witn a Bag containing no U 5s than S7 pounds of fine gc Id. As buou as ine iact. oeeame Known, tne place was in a hubbub of excitement; and when, as the result ol a negotiation with the Provincial government, by which the discoverers were to receive JCi.uuu, provided 10,000 ounces ot gold were produced in three months, thp In. cality was made known, a rash commenced and continued for several days unparalleled in the nullum ui uuucuui. .Limiurcus oi in-proviaea, inexperienced men started off, with little or no acquaintance of the route most easy and practi-cable,onlT tomeet with sufferings and privations of the most appalling kiud. Lucrative cmploy- mtuLo ncii;iuij uuuuuuneu, siLuationsinrown up, and the most reckless determination manifested to seek, at all hazards, an early claim at the new El Dorado. For a season serious apprehensions were entertained lest numbers who had started without due preparation should actually die of starvation. It was known that supplies could not be obtained within anything like a reasonable distance of the field, and that the road to it was all but impracticable for loaded drays. And the first tidings that reached Dun edin lrom the spot went far towards confirming these fears. No actual deaths from destitution were reported, but it was said that swarms nf half-famished men were daiivarrivintr. and that. the various stitions on t ne route were actually besieged by men imploring for morsels of food, while, to crown all, the most unfavorable renre sentations as to the value of the discovery were in nirnnlntinn It nr.e .n! .!., - the ground had been grossly exajreerated. and that very few of those engaged in digging were making enough to procure food. This had a tendency to sober down the excitement, and restore tne remaining population to a frame of mind more rational than had been exhihitort. Terapuka and the old established fields were all but deserted, the miners having dwindled down, in less than a fortnight, from thousands to hundreds. Otago Corrtxpoiidcvt of the Seuj Zealand Examiner. A New Way op Marrying. In New TTamn. shire they used to choose all their 8tate, county and town officers, lrom Governor down to Hog Reeve6, at one town meeting, the annual Jiarcn meeting. As the town olllces are very numerous, it was customary, as fast as thev were chosen, to walk up before a Justice o'f tne reace ana nave tuem sworn into omce, by "pflmmTiip? balfpnmninipa nuirc nnrl Bimrla ' ' Squire Chase," of Cornish, (father of Gover norChase, of Ohio,) being the most prominent justice, had this task to perform, aud a severe lasK it was, occupying niuca oi nis time iroin morning till night It was on one of these occasions, after the la bors and toils of the day were over, he returned to his home, weary and overcome with the fa tigues of his employment, and, throwing himself in bis easy chair, he fell into a sound sleep. In the meantime a couple who had been waiting impatiently lor some time l ir the justice to join them in wedlock, E resented themselves in another part of the otise, .and made known their interesting desire to Mrs. Chase, who, somewhat confused and agitate, attended them to the sleeping justice, whom she found it difficult to arouse. ShakiDg him by tho shoulder, she called out, " Mr. Chase, Mr. Chase, do pray wake up; here is a couple come to be married." The justice, having administered oaths all day, was dreaming of nothing else, half waked, rubbed his eyes, and, looking at the wishful pair, asked : " Are you tne conpie ." They nodded assent. " Weil, hold ud vour hands." Thev did so with some hesitation. "You, severally, solemnly swer that you will faithfully perform the duties of vour office. resDcctivelv. according to your best skill and judgment, so help you, c " ine astonisnea conpie tooKea wild, tne justice added soothingly. " That's all. exceoting the fee, one dollar," which was quickly dropped into his hand, and they went off, doubting as they went, the legality of the process, but tlley concluded to go according to the oath. A Dhilanthropio lady has established, near Manchester, a kitchen where factory girls may be trained ia simple cooking and general housework. The girls are taken for one month, in turns, from a sewing school whose pupils are nppuea witn luree meais o aay irom tne Kiten- en, i LEGISLATIVE. From Our Own Reporter. SENATE. Lanrtko. Jan. 7. The 8enate was called, to order shortly after 10 o clock by the Secretary of the last Senate, the roll Called, and a mainrltv fnnnd rtrpfipnt. The members, as their names were called, came lorwara, euDscnoea to tne constitution, ana were sworn into office. After that the roll was called, and all the Senators were found present, viz : Senators Adair. Babcock. Blackman. Bnell rUflrlr fin,-,!. Pinn na.all ninlno linn Duncan, Fowler, French, Green, Gridley, Grosvcnor, Hewett, Humphrey, Jay, Jerome, MB, i-anaon, mears, Monroe, iioore, rtor inrop, i-arKer, ltoDertson, .KODlnsoD, wait, Warner. Watkins. The Senate then proceeded to the election of permanent omcers, wita tne louowing result iror becretary William A. Boyce 18 Moses M. Ham 14 ForEntol ingand Engrossing Clerk Will m A. Whlmey....f Is PtterM. Eaton...: 14 For Sergcant-at-Arms-William H. Brockway 18 James M. Cable l-l A committee was appointed to wait on tho uuuac, iu iniorm tuem mat ine senate was organized, and was readv to Droceed to business. A similar committee appeared from the House. A committee was appointed to wait on the uuvernor, ana iniorm mm mat tne senate was ready to receive any communication he might wish to make. They reported that he would be ready to communicate with the two houses to-morrow momine. at 11 o'clock. The. customary resolutions for perfecting the organization were aaoptea. Resolutions ia refereuce to the death of ex-Governor WiBner were adopted, and, out of re spect ior nis memory, the senate adjourned. HOUSE. From Oar Own Reporter. Lansing. Jan. 7 The House was called to order at 10 o'clock by h.. W. Barber, Clerk of the last House, and a quorum louna present. W. H. Howell was elected 8Deaker rtro tern. The oath of office was administered to the members ot the House by Chief Justice Mar- uu. The House proceeded to the election of permanent officers of the House, with the follow For Speaker Solomon SI. Cntcheon TnomasW. L-ckwood For ClerK of the House ltd ward W. Btrber James A. Hascum ForEnrolIingand Engrossing Clerk William A. Holt ? Chas. M. Butler For Sergeant-at-Aims Albert F. Morehtjiisc Silas -Bemeric A committee was aDnointed to wait on the euutu, luiuiurm tuem mat tne nouse was rea dy to proceed fo business. Another committee was annointed to con duct the Speaker to the chair, who returned his thanks to the House lor the honor conferred upon him, and solicited their aid and assistance ior tne proper discharge of the duties devolving UDon him. s. - - ine speaker was authorized bv tho House to i;pjjujui, six messengers ana two uremen. Mr. Ho veil offered a resolution that, the House proceed to-morrow morning, at ten o'clock, to elect an Assistant Clerk. F.nrillinp- Clerk and Sergeant-at-Arms, which was adopt- tu. It was moved and carried that, when the House adjourn, it adjourn till two P. M. .nr. naze, ol Oakland, offered the following preauioie anu resolution, wnicn were seconded oy Judge Pratt, and unanimously adODted : Wnrcax. The House havinc learned that the laiuuovernor ot mis atate, the hlon. Moses Uisner, departed this life at Lexington. Ken tueky, on the Ith inst., while engaged in the military service of his country, it is Jtixvlvril. That, in resneetto his mpmnrv. nnr! h iving regard to his eminent character, this uuu;i; uu uuw aujourn. -ti a i transmit a copy oi these resolutions to tne iamuy ot the deceased. ine Mouse then adjourned till to-morrow. ... 57 ... 33 . fll , : S'.i .... ai , m . 35 Tho Army Proclamation. From the Itichmond Ennnlrer. Jan. .'1. The late olficial proclamations of the execu tives of the two warring reoublics have tiro- pared tho public to expect the introduction of new severities m our luture hostilities. The atrocities of the enemy have demanded of onr rresicenl a remedial resort to retaliation. This has been done with conspicuous forbear ance and moderation. Tho sufferings on botli sides which may possibly follow will be the nuiioi i.iucom, ana oi nimaione. rue crime ot the murderer necessitates the executioner. and makes him honoiable. Each takes life, but the former as the loe, and the latter as the lriend, ol his race. On the head of the criminal is his own as well as his victim's biood Lincoln has superseded the deast, but has not punished him. The blood of the unavenged Mumford cries out against imu irom tne gronnu. unmes wnicn nave shocked the world clamor for retribution. If Lincoln spares and shields Butler, the blow which justice designs lor him will fall on the couiuiis-sioncd officers of the army. They will languish in prison in expiation of bis crimes. They cannot fail to place the blame where it be longs, ine sentiment oi Humanity every- wiiere exclaims against uutlcr as the foul dis grace of his species. From the bosom of the jtemouized North itself the cry of outraged de cency ana virtuous uisgust uas not ueen unoliy satisfied by the terrors of despotism aud the insauity oi diabolical nate. Lincoln s incarcerated officers cannot but agree that crimes sucu as cutlers must oe expiatea, while lamenting that the complicity of their master devolves the suffering of mem. inu time uas come, too, wnen Lincoln's promised proclamation of emancipation may be momentarily expected. Ninety days ago he give notice ana warning mat u our submission was delayed till the new year he would then give nnai cuect to nis purpose, lie has found tiut there was no terror in his threats. They have been spurned and condemned throughout inu Luiueaeraey. no nas naa our answer to them at Fredericksburg and Murfreesboro. and at Vieksburg. We suppose the bottled thunder will now be unstopjied. We may expect any day the appearance of a document as full of sounding emptiness as the pronuneiamento of a oaineu ana desperate .Mexican, oras a Chinese euici. aamoi. me victorious reoeis ior mey have "rebels" in China also The proclama tion will be but little more than the indecent expression ot Lincoln's rage and fi-ndishments It will tell the world how bad he is, and what he would like to do if he could. But so far as all tne suostantial purposes of the war are con cerned, this disgraceful exhibition of himself will ue wnony gratuitous. It will not promote his prospects of success, but the contrary. And if, indeed, Lincoln Hhall attempt to enforce its utterance, in the individual and exceptional class in which alone it will be in his now. er to do so, ho will not be in ignorance of the inevitable consequences. President Davis' late admirable proclamation has made the proper preparation and given the proper warning! The negro "soldiers" whom Lincoln may se- uce to his service we shall consider not as in war, but as in sedition, and thev will, if cantur ed, be handed over to tho State authorities to be punished for that sedition; and the law declares me ouense capital, wim Hanging as tne penalty. We shall in like manner turn over to the State authorities for like punishment any officer or soldier, though his 6kin may be as whito as Naaman, the leper's, who mav be taken with. or proved to have connection with, any such pretended negro soldiers. It may be that Lin-coin will endeavor to protect the tigers he seeks to create and unchain. It may be that he will endeavor to lorce us to respect as soldiers these domestic criminals. Ii so, all the bar riers which now restrain the fury of mutual hostile feeling will be thrown down on both sideB. Lincoln's will be the blame and the infamy, and the world will so adjudge. But we coutess we do not anticipate that Lincoln ould thUB damage himself for his neero dnpes and victims. " If he should keep laith and honor with them, it wonld be perhaps the first time mat ce anu nis people ever, in opposition to their interests, kept faith and honor with any body, and especially with the negroes. He will procablv use them to do us all the harm he can induce them to commit, and then leave i tnem to tneir late, mis would be at once base, mean, and characteristic. There is a bare prospect that the recent defeats, operating on the already distracted and dissatisfied public mind of the North, may inspire Lincoln with sentiments of caution, and cause him to withhold his programme lor servile war. His people will not stand what they have stood. His soldiers, wearied and disgusted with the war, will net consent to go out with halters on their necks. It Lincoln were a wise man there considerations would control his counsels .But it is the characteristic of weakness to be most savage in utterance when least capable of execution. We may, therefore, most reasonably expect of him to continue the ebullitions ot his madness and folly ; though we need not fear him, and do not believe that he will be able to carry his people with him in any vigorous attempt to give the war the mutually sanguinary character which his plans involve. We may have, and probably will have, a continuation of those "fantastic tricks " which " man, poor jnan, dressed in a little brief authority, like a mad ape, cuts before high heaven," for Lincoln is of that class of men. But we shall be disappointed if onr own attitude, as taken in President Davis' proclamation, does not have the practical efiect of immediately reforming and humanizing the war. " My poverty, and not ray will, consents" will be Lincoln's only solace. He will not be able to help himself. THE LATEST OUR SPECIAL DISPATCHES. Exciting Debate in Congress. The Seceded States Declared to be Free from Constitn-lional Obligations. THE REBELS ADMIT AH GLORIOUS DEFEAT AT MURFREESBORO. IN Capture of the Rebel Iron- Clad Virginia. The Financial Scheme of the Committee on "Ways and Means. NO FEARS ENTERTAINED FOR GEN. SHERMAN. Secessionists Exulting over the Vieksburg Affair. The Banks Expedition Coming up tne Mississippi. GEN. SHERMAN'S ARMY AWAITING ITS ARRIVAL. Rebel Batteries on the River. Communication With Our Army Cut Off. Appearance of a Rebel Vlr- my in Missouri. SPRINGEIELD AGAIN BE- SIEQED. The Enemy Open on the Town with Artillery. BOTH SIDES BEING IWFORCED. BE- Reported Captnre of Trenton Uuion City and Humboldt by the Rebels. Virginia Contributes over Sev en Million Dollars to Prosecute the War. payable half-yearly in coin, which may be Bold for lawful money, certificates of indebtedness, or interest bearing treasury notes, provided that the whole amount of bonds and notes issued under this act shall not exceed $900,000,-000, except that the $140,000,090 of 7 notes may be funded on twenty-year bonds, and a inrther issue for that purpose may be made. Section 2 provides for $300,000,000 in three- year treasury notes, bearing Interest at 5 47 per cent, per annum, being 1 per cent per day on 100, payable 6emi annntJly in coin. payable to the creditors of the government, and receivable for all dues to the government. except customs. Section 3 provides for the issue of $300,000,000 in legal-tender notes of the usual form. 8ection 4 provides for fractional notes in the place of postal currency, to be emrraved and printed in the Treasury buildings, not to exceed OU.WJU,000. Section 5 provides for deposits of coin in the sub-treasury, receipts to be given, which may be UEed to pay customs duties. Section 0 prescribes the form of the bonds and notes, to have the seal of the Treasury De" partmeut. Section 7 taxes bank circulation one per cent, on a graduated 6cale, according to capital stock. Section S modifies the sub-treasury acts so as to allow money obtained for loans on internal revenue to be deposited in banks on their giving bond for security. Section 0 provides against counterfeiting, and appropriates ?000,000 to carry the act into etlect. The substitute of Mr. Stevens provides for the issue of registered, or coupons, to the amount of not exceeding $900,000,000, payable in coin twenty yeara after date, and bearing interest at the rate of six per cent, payable semi-annually to be issued in such denominations of not less than $50 as may be determined by the Secretary of the Treasury; also, for the issuing of $300,000,000 in legal-tender notes. The bill repeals the gold-bearing clause of the former acts, excepting on bonds already issued, and repeals the act authorizing the reception of legal-tender notes on deposit. Richard Ella, an efficient clerk of the Treasury Department for the last thirty years, died this morning. New York, Jan. S. A Washington special dispatch Bays the rebel steamer Virginia was captured in the Gulf by one of Commodore Wilkib' squadron. No fears are entertained for General Sherman at headquarters, as it is known that Gen. Grant is on the alert. California Offers to Aid Mas sachusetts in Filling Her Quota. WORK BEGUN ON THE PACIFIC RAIL ROAD AT SAN FRANCISCO. &-, &c. Judge MaiD, of Boston, has 6ued an editor of that city for libel, aud the editor introduces a numbtr of femsles whose testimony is anything but complimentary to the Judge. At last accounts theie were twentv-one Ma jor Generals in Washington, besides a large as sortment OI ongauiere. FROM WASHINGTON. WisniSGTON, Jan. S. Special DippaMi lo The Detroit Free Pre??. The debate in the House to day created quite sensation. Thad. Stevens boldly attacked the resolution of the Kentucky delegation, and thought that the loyalty of snch men was a qnestion of inference. Mr. Kerrigan then sprung up and denounced StevenB a rank secessionist, which was followed by loud cries ol " Order." Stevens replied that he believed that Kerrigan was in order, because of the restraint which had, until lately, been placed upon his liberty. After order had been restored, the debate was resumed.and Mr. Stevensthen made thestartling announcement, in reply to a question, that he believed the States in rebellion were out of the Union, and under no constitutional obliga tions. It is hard to say whether this position which Stevens defended astonished most hi3 political friends or political enemies. Lovejoy, Olin and others denounced Stevens' declaration, while many of the opposition members likened it unto secession. The dispatch ofthe Chicago 2W.i, that Ken tucky was taking measures to witn- raw from the Union, was then allud ed to, and pronounced, by several of the delegation, to be without the slightest foundation. Wadsworth declared that neither accession or abolition could take Kentucky out of the niou. Richmond papers of January 5th aud Gth have just been received. Those of the 3th contain'a dispatch from Gen. Pemberton, in command of the rebels at Vieksburg, saying that the Union forces had withdrawn for some distance from tho works they had been trying to take, leav ing some entrenching tools. He thinks Gen. Sherman is disposed to wait for reinforcements. The Irujuirer of January 6 admits an inglorious rebel defeat at Murfreesboro, where, it intimates, mattere have turned out for them as usual luthe West. It berates the rebel officers and managers in Bragg's army unmercifully for the dieaster-to their arms evident in their precipitate retreat before Buell. Elisha Whittlesey, Controller of the Trea sury, of Ohio, died auddenly last night about 10 o'clock, at his boarding-house iu this city. He attended, yesterday, to bis office duties as usual, and.was in excellent spirits throughout the day. Ho fell dead just as he was on the eve of retiring to rest at night It is supposed he was attacked with an apoplectic fit. Robert J. Walker has written a lengthy paper on finances, in which he takes strong ground in favor of the policy announced by Secretary Chase. Although the Navy Department has no official dispatch, intelligence has beea received that Admiral Wilkes ha3 captured the rebel iron-clad Virginia, Dispatcn to the Associated Press. Washington, Jan. S. The following is a synopsis of the bill reported to-day, from the Committee of Ways and Means, to provide for the support of the government. Section 1 provides for the issue of $900,000,-000 in twenty-year 6 per cent bonds, Interest FROM CAIRO. Special Dispatch to The Detroit Free Press. Cairo, Jan. 8. Tho steamer Commercial arrived from Mem phis to-day, and brought papers of the evening ofthe 6th. There is nothing new from Vieksburg, as no boats had arrived. All kinds of rumors are in circulation, and the secessionists appear to be joyful. We understand that reports have been received, via Grenada, to the effect that there had been no lighting since Monday, and that the rebel loss at that time was quite small. Dispatches have been received iu official quarters that Gen. Banks, with his fleet and army, is ascending tho Mississippi, and we presume Gen. Sherman will wait his co operation before renewing hostilities. The Bulletin, of the 6th says it was " reported at Holly Springs, yesterday, by a party who saw he read it in the Jackson Apjieal of Dec. 31, tba:. Vieksburg had fallen. We givo the report for what it is worth." The Navy Department here has received no later intelligence than that already published. The Commercial brought 5,000 bales of cot ton, aud left 1,000 on wharf. Over 16,000 bales were shipped from this port last month. According to a notice issued from the Cus tom house at Memphis, the only places on the Mississippi ltiver, between Cairo and Memrjbie, to which merchandise can go lor ale, are Col umbus, Hickmanand New Madrid. Permits to other places can only be granted for strictly iamuy supplies. Dispatches to tte Associated Press. Cairo, Jan. S. The reason assigned by passengers for the non-arrival of steamers from Vieksburg at Memphis is that the rebels have planted bat teries at Cypress Bend, and thus prevented in tercourse lor the present. These can be easily cleaned out by our gunboats when communi cation becomes necessary. FROM THE SOUTH, Washington, Jan. 7. The Richmond JCnqnircr of the 5th says that Governor Letcher has selected, from among the prisoners recently sent to Richmond from General Floyd's command, the following gener al officers, who will be held in 6trict solitary confinement as hostages for Colonel Zaroona and others similarly held by the abolition gov ernment: Captain Wm. Graum, Lieutenant Isaac A. Wade, Captain Thomas Damon, Lieut. Wilson Damaron, John W. Howe, Isaac Gobble, David V. Annem, Samuel Puck, and Wm. Dills. Fop.tres3 Monroe, Jan. T. The 11 ig-of-truce boat Metoraora arrived from City Point this morning, and brings down 300 Union prisoners, mostly cavalry, taken at Dumfries. The Richmond Examiner of the 6th says the whole number of prisoners in Richmond the day previous was 1,686. Headquarters Arht or the PoT03iAf:. ) January 8. f The usual quiet prevails. Richmond papers of this morning contain a Mobile special dispatch of yesterday saying that a dispatch from Grenada, on the 6th, states that an Aid-de-Camp of Gen. Forrest, who arrived here this evening, reports the capture of Tren ton, Union City and Humboldt, with over 2,000 prisoners, two cannon, and a large amount of commissary stores. The attack on Jackson, Tcnn. , was a feint to cover the rebel operations The railroad from Jackson to Columbus is destroyed. Gvo. Letcher's annual message to the Virginia Legislature was read yesterday. It is nine columns long. In relation to the division oi the State, by Congress, he Bays that Western Virginia must necessarily bo tree territory. " I cannot suppose that, in any treaty of peace that may be agreed upon, Virginia will ever recognize a division of her territory, or. ever consent to a treaty that will strip her of any portion of her domain. It is better that this war Ehould continue for an indefinite period than that Virginia shall be even partial ly dismembered. He accuses the North with vandalism without parallel in the history of warfare, and reiterates a long list of indignities, outrages and wanton destruction. He estimates the balance in the treasury, Oct 1, at $434.000 ; total paid for the war, $7,337,000. He advises that all free negroes now resident in that portion of the State overrun by the enemy be removed and put at work on the fortifica tions, as they have It in their power to tamper with the slaves. been ne severe fighting hlnce noon, enemy is In large force. guns, but has The ine rebels took one of our were repulsed at dark. Militia reinforcement are coming in. Prisoners say that Marmaduke Is in command and will be reinforced to night' About three inches snow fell this evening. Wind south, the thermometer is at 353. Indications are in favor of a clear night and slight frost FROM BOSTON. Boston, Jan. S. Governor Andrew ha3 received the proffer ol a full cavalry battalion, to consist of four companies, from California. The question of their acceptance is tow pending before the War Department If accepted, it is understood that Col Thompson, formerly of Gen. Halleck's staff, will accompany them east as tneir commander. MESSAGE GOVERNOE SEYMOUR TO THE Legislature of New York. FROM ST, LOUTS. St. Lotji3, Jan. 8. Advices from 8pringfield state that a rebel force, reported to be six thousand strong, under Burbridge and Marmaduke, with six pieces of ' artillery, were within two and a half miles of that place, and opened on the town without giving notice to remove the women and children. One thousand rebel cavalry, in line of battle, were visible from the town. Gen. Brown ha3 loop-holed the houses for musketry, and will make a vigorous resistance. St. Louis, Jan. 8. Gen. Curtis has received the following dis patch from General Brown, dated Springfield, 3 P. M. : "The enemy are crowding ns and fighting hard, but my men are behaving well. I am holding all the strong positions, and the enemy must fight as I want him or not to-night. They are fighting for bread." Dr. Melcher sends the following, dated this afternoon : ' General Brown 1b badly wounded. There CONGRESSIONAL. SENATE. The resolution of thanks to Gen Risecrans, ks., was referred to the Mllitarv Committee On motion of Mr. Shermanthn t ill tn fi-r bank btllS and fnlPtinnfll PTHTftirrwiaMtDn nr. and he proceeded to address the Senate in its avor. On motion of Mr. Sanlsbnrv. thn hill fnr thi discharge of State prisoners was taken up. lie proceeded to address the Seuite at length. He declared that partl3in revenge hid governed the actions of this administration, and the infamy of its acts would drag it with disgrace down to future generations. The cause of this war, was the assertion of the risht to abolish slarprr and the evidence of such a purpose. The Pres- lucui uau irraieu tne sunject witn jocular and criminal indifference, and. when he came dis guised to the capital, he whispered no word of iiupe iu tne men struggling to maKe some peaceable arraneemcnt : and. after fie was in- aueurated, ne proceeded to place his friends in oflice, and manifested no further care about the country except to endeavor to force the rebels to strike the first blow. War exists not by act of Congress but by the acts of Beauregard and Lincoln. He claimed that the power to suspend the writ of habtyts roryfw was vested aione in congress, ana yet tne fresident has had the audacity and the teincritv before heaven to pre-mme to suspend this writ, and seize peaeeiui citizens ana tfastiie tnem in dis tant parts of the country. I would, in the namco! my country, and ia behalf of civil liberty, protest against it, and any one who for th s said he was disloyal to his country, lied before men ana iu tne presence ol liaven. He used this language because every miserable press in the land charged every uauu wiiu uiBiujfttity wuu uarea express, nis seu timents. He rt ferred to the President's proc lamation as a mere bndum fulmcn. and the President might iust as well have issued proclamation that the rebels should all be blind or lame. 1 nis proclamation commits thecov-ernment to fieht for the extinction of slavcrv. and prevents the Southern States from coming After Executive 6C;6ion the Senate adionrn- eu. HOUSE. Mr Blake's declaratory resolu tion that the onlv alternative to the rebels is to submit or be con quered ; and Mr Holman's resolution, that no proposition tending to destroy the Union can rightfully bfl entertained by the representatives ofthe people, or anv of the denartments. etc. : were postponed until the 14th, when other de claratory resolutions those of Mr. Stevens in eluded will be considered. Mr. Wyckliffe offered a resolution to call on the Secretary of the Treasury and Secretary of war to inane a iuu report oi tneir actions and doings at Port Koyal, South Carolina, and in Georgia, with regard to the eare and employment of the slaves, the number of agents and overseers, the prouuet ot the labor, tho ex- wnKPS. etc. On motion ot Mr. Stevens, it was laid on the taoie oi to ;iu. uu motion oi .Mr. cox. the ( nmm ttco on Military Affairs, wa.i directed to report and consider the expediency of a bill requiring an increase of the amount of bonds ot Paymasters and snch othr-r restrictions and penalties" lor their fidelity as will insure a more trustworthy execution of their duties, or if. in the on'minn ofthe committee.the abolishment of 6aid oflice ana transfer cf tho rintics thereof to Captains of companirs, or some other officers, cannot be service, and that they report accordingly.' On motion of Mr. i'eaman, it was resolved mat a special committee of five he a nointed. with directions to report a bill providing for the appointment of commissioners whose Dower huu uuiy Buan oe 10 aiieun on ine uislnct3 ol t lie country passed over by the armies of the United States during the existence of the Dres- ent rebellion, and hear and take proof of the losses Bust lined by citizens, and caused bv the presenseor conduct of said armies; and also proofs of the loyalty or disloyalty of persona presenting sucn Claims ; to distincmisb tue Kind ot property taken; for what purpose taken, and the value of that ncces sarily consumed, and of that wantonly; and in no case laKing into tne estimate the conse quential damages, bnt only the actual value ; and make and return reports, with the evidence, and their opinions unon each claim. to the Court of Claims in Washington ; and pro- "uius luai. cum uiaiiii miuii ue paia tinui approved bv said Court of Claims. On motion of Mr Dunn, it was resolved that tne Attorney uenerai De requested to inform the House whether the laws for the conflsca. tion of rebel property has been enforced in the Diorictof Columbia, and. if not. ih-j reasons for aeiaying tne execution ot the same. Mr. Washburne introduced a substitute for Mr Holman's resolution, asking the Secretary of the Treasury why he has not provided the mean3 for paying the soldiers of the army, and why the bonds heretofore authorized to be sold, if necessary to make such payments, have not been sold Agreed to 132 against 3 Chas. Crocker, of the firm of Cbas. Crocker .t Co., contractors for the first eighteen miles of the road, announced that all the arrangements were completed, and the work of griidirg the route and building a bridge over the American River would uroceed forthwith SacntnprtnwMM n holiday aspect in honor of the inauguration of tne enterprise that is to bind California to the Union in a closer embrace. Mr. Segar presented the credentials of John B. McLeod, as Representative elect from the Second District of Virginia. Referred to the Committee on Elections. The Honse went into committee of the whole on the executive, legislative, and judicial appropriation bill. Adjourned. From the Pacific. San Francisco, Jan. S. Sandwich Island dates are received to the 20th ult. The President's message was published in the Honolulu papers fourteen days after its delivery. The ship Cyclone, eleven days from San Francisco, passed Honolula on the 10th ; Kingfisher passed on the 14th. The total suar product, bo far raised on the iSlaDd the Dast Season. iR PStirnntpd t filnr mil. lion 6even hundred thousand pounds. oaucu irom nonoiuia previous to the 11th, the whalers Emily, Morgan, Nassau and Milo for home ports. Ship Radnga for Boston. S.VCltA.MENTO, Jan. S. At noon to day the California section ot the Pacific Railroad was inaugurated here with im posing ceremonies. Both branches of the Legislature adjourned iu honor ofthe occasion, and distinguished representatives of nearly every portion of the State participated in the proceedings, which were witnessed by a vast concourse of people. Gov. Stanford presided, and, at exactly half-past 12 P M., struck iu the spade for the railroad embankment in front of the city. Appropriate and eloquent speeches were delivered by Gov. Stanford, Judge Crane, President pro tern, of the Senate, afid various other members of the Legislature, and all allusion to the great work as a bond of union, as well as a national highway of trade, were received with enthusiastic cheers. Iron-Moulders in Convention. . , , Pittsijchg, Jan. S. The fourth annual convention ot the Iron-Moulders' Union organized in this citv T..etu day, by electing Wro. H. Silvis, of Philadelphia. President ; C. M Talmage, of Louisville, Yie? Presidont: F. Simpson, of Alhnnv Tjni-H; Secretary; O. Hudson, of ( Cincinnati rWr Pondincr Secretary : J.imp a. rrptr .ruf rnn;I iiuaunui oecrciary; win tiorun, ol Louisville, Treasurer : Geo. W. Birr, nf nwinnni door-keeper. ' WRECK OF the Steimeh Ti innvri Th BritUh steamship- CaUdunin, from Liverpool via Portland, for New York, ran ashore near the Peaked Hill liais, Capo Cod, was in a bad condition at last accounts, and it is now r-,r.M that she will not be got off. The pissengers were landed in safety on the 1st Tho ah; :a 600 feet from the Bhore, full of water and caro floating out. Vessels with wrecking apparatus have been sent to tho wreck. The tide cut the sand from under her stern, and she his broken her back between the main and inizze n masts. Her water way and deck seems have opened about three inches. The tide ebbs and flows Into her, and she is bo much listed off shore that It is with difficulty wreckers can work on the cargo. It the weather is lavorable for a few days, most of the earra will ha s-,a i damaged state. Lighters are within a very Bhort distance of her. Tho Caledonia is aline iron bcr.t of 1,130 tou.s, and about ove year old She is insured iu Eugiaad for 4200 000. Some of the rebel General St hla lnte rebel raid have been committed to the Old Capitol, while several of his etragglers were taken prisoners and yesterday sent down to b exchanged. To the Senate and Assembly : We meet under cirumstances of unusual 6o!emiiy to legislate ior the honor, 1" r tb interest, aud for the protection of tne people of the State of New York. The oath, wh. eh we have taken to support the constitution t f the United States and tte constitution cf the S'atc of New York and to pertorm our duties with fidelity, has at this time especial significance. It teaches us to look upon each of these constitutions as equally sacred, that each is to be upheld iu its respective jurisdictions. At this time the power of the one is opt nly dtfitd by armed rebellion, while the other is endangered by the confusion and discord growing out of civil war. Tfiis "oath, declaration or test," is not a mere ceremonial; it is a part of the tenure of the offices we hold. Until we have thus solemnly submitted ourselves to the commands ot mete instruments, giving up our personal views and opinions, and pledging ourselves to obey their requirement-!, we" are not permitted to perform one official act. To uphold tliegeneral government New Toik has sent, since the outbreak or th:fl war, two hundred and twenty thousand soldiers into the field. To organize this vust army, my predecessor, and those acting under his direction in his military staff, have' used unwearied labor and shown high capacity. The duties growing out of this service have been greater than thO:-e falling upon the uflicials of other States, and in their performance compare favorably with the conduct ol the war on the part of the general government. While our soldiers are piri irg their lives to uphold the constitution and restore the Union, we owe it to them, who have shown an endurance and patriotism unsurpassed in the history of the world, th it we emulate their devotion in our field of duty. We are to take care when they come back that their borne rights are not impaired, that they shall not find when they return to tie duties ol civil lite that the securities of their persons, the sanctity of their homes, or the protection of tlnir property have been lost by us while they were battling lor their national interest in a distant field of duty. I shall deem il my duty to till all vacancies in official stations iu the army by promotion fur muriioriuns services or g.ulant com uct in the field; this is a measure ol justice, asit will give to them the rewards where they have been iair-ly tamed, and will stimulate both (.filters atd man, by a laudable ambition, to excel iu patriotic services in an honorable pursuit. Here follows a resume ot State affairs which we omit, as of no interest to the gener.il reader. 2M.TIOXJU. AFFAIRS. The constitution makes it my duty to communicate to you the condition of the State. I cannot do this without speaking of our Union and of the war which afllicts our country, and which also affects the extended commerce i-l New York; tuxes all its pursuits; has taken moroiban 200,000 men from onr workshops and fields; and has carried mouruirg iuro the homes ol our citizens The genius of our government, and the interests of our people, demand that the aspects of this war should be discussed with entire freedom. Not only is the national life at stake, bnt every personal, every family, every sacred interest is involved. We must grapple with the great ques-tiocs ol the day ; we must confront the dangers of our position. The truths cf our financial and military situation must not be Utp'. back. There must be no attempt to i ut down the full expression of puulic opinion. It must be known and heeded to enaule government to manage public affairs with success. There is a yearning desire among oui people to learn their actual condition. They demand free discussion. Tuh should he cuuducled in en earnest, thoughtful, patriotic spirit. Tne solemnity of the occasion, andtbe sufferings of the war, should revive the virtue, the intelligence, aud the patriotism of the American people. The decay of these have brought our calamities upon us. There are now no rnni- f.:r discord that have not always esisteO in our country, and which were not ieH by our fatheis informing the Union. Thev bad the urentnf. the maiuanimity, and virtue "to compromise and adjust them. The value of the Uuion ;liev then formed has proved to be greater than they hoped. Yet we became ii.difiere; t to it when we were in the full eni .m--nt nf iis. blessings. We became ignorant ol the character aud resources of our own couutrjimn while we had the benefit of an uutraiumeled commerce with all sections of our h.mi It was when the world was nrnnih.l with theDowerand wealth nowim- nnr nt .-, ,r rational U nion, that sectional prejudices aud passions were active iu destruyiug frarerual aif -ctions aud generous love oi our country. While we boasted mo.-t, of our intelligi nee' there were those persistently and la; urou.-.y engaged, through the press auu in leiu-Iativc hall, in teaching the people of the North and South to undervalue and despise eai.li n-her. Hos-.ile legislation acd the division ol our churches impaired religious aud serial inter-cjurse. If the North "and the South h-.,!. (lerstcod the power and purposes ot each other, our contentious would have been acjiistt-d. This misapprehension, so bloody and terrible iu its effects, was systematically and laboriously inculcattcd CAUSES OF THE WAI1. Affrighted at the ruin thev have wrnnht ti. authors of our calamity, North aud South, insist iluo iuis ar was causeu oy an unavoidable contest about slavery. This has been the subject not the cause, nt controversy. We are to look for the causes of this war in a nprvrimr HUr..- gard of the obligations of laws and constini-tions; in disrespect for constituted authori ties; and, above all, in the local prejudices which have' grown no in twn nnrtir.t,.t n,.. Atlantic States the two extremes of nnr (nin- try, whose remote Dositiona )n ,,,.,,! them less well informed, and whns int... rests have made them less considerate, with regard to the condition and r-h of our whole people, thau those living in the great central and western sections of our Union. There is no honest statement of our difficulties which does not teacn that our people must reform themselves. a wi-n n. ?.,, duct ot the government and the policy of our mlore Than, ia J 7J . .uw. 10 uul ti calamity we are sunerin"' which was not clearly foretold bv nnr t-.th-rf as the result of the passions and local prejudices which have grown np during the pait lif- it is not too late to save our country if we will enter upon the sacred duty in h,h ritrhr spirit and in the right way. When we do so the efiect will be seen anrt felt ihrnnium in land and by the civilized world. We shall then strengthen our government; we shall weaken the rebellion ; we shall unite our people; and the world will recognize our capaciiv for s It-government when we show that we are carable" of self-reform. EESFECT FOB LAWS AND BDXEKS. In the first ulace we niii!.t emnint.. ip duct of our fathers, and snow obedience to constituted authorities, aud respect for le"al and constitutional obligations. "'The very Idea of the power and the right of the people to establish government presupposes the duty of every individual to obey the established government " Yet a spirit ot disobedience has sapped the foundations of municipal, State and national authority in every part of our land. It is Dot only the underlaying and pervading caue of the war; it is also the immediate uccasion or our calamities. When the leaders of the extreme South say that free and slave States cannot txiss together in the Union, and when this is eihoed from the extreme Nonh bv in? enemies of our constitution, both parties simply say they cannot, because they will not, respect the laws and tne constitution. This spirit ot disloyally must be Dut down. It. i incon sistent with all social order and social security With Mrutt-nriiomnfic . - w. -.i.VUjauu jjivpeitjr. in order to uphold our government it i i necessary that we should 6how respect to the authority of our rulers. While acting witbin the limits of their jurisdictions, and repres-nf mg the interest, the honor, and the dignity of our peop e they are entitled to deference. Where it is their right tn Ac-rito r, and policy, it is our duty to obey aud to give a ready support to their decisions This is a Ji noeny tv itnout this loalty no government can conduct puolic affairs" with success, no people can be sale in the enj-.ymcnt ot their rights. This duty is peculiarly stron-under our system, which gives the people the" right at their elections to sit In judgment upon their rulers, to commend or "condemn them, to keep them in, or expel them from offi-cial stations. . This war should have been averted but when its floodgates were opened, the administration could not grasp its dimensions nor control its sweep, 'ihe government was borne along by the current, and straggled a it best could with the resistless tide Few seemed able to comprehend its military or financial problems. Hence we are not to sit in harsh judgment upon errors iu conduct or P iicy. But .while we concede all these exensrs for mistakes, we are not to adopt errors, nor sanction violvlons of principle. The samecauts which extenuate their faults in judgment mas? make us more vigilant to guard Pgaiust their v"gdanf LnaDlltoS demand unusual ECOSOMT ASD IS7EGBITT. Economy aud integrity in the administration of affairs arc essential at all times ; they are v HI in periods of war. If the poww of the rnni ' it Is vain that we have sent our citizens into Concluded on the 4th page.
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