The Long-Island Star from Brooklyn, New York on May 19, 1836 · Page 2
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The Long-Island Star from Brooklyn, New York · Page 2

Brooklyn, New York
Issue Date:
Thursday, May 19, 1836
Page 2
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T1I12 L O U 1 S L A N J S T A K LLl 1-HJg li it wtU known that Mexico hi Wo In conlnnt Miiiiii ami eoni' with onlT ihort ililer- " -k ve auica it fowii Sim in Mil. Tin nnl..rtiiiiaie auw nl t'nnir naa oeen prouiiceu bvtba elforti of the erclroKKliril tU nliirraliOai party to npt republicani'in, overturn ll.e h-ieral ayatcin and eonfilution, an. I etahliih a monarchy, wr a enoaohdateJ aoverntneiit iifsnuH kind. In ISJ4, president of lire republic, lien. Santa Anna, who heretofore wa the leader and champion of die republican parly an.l avalem, became tiie bend nil leader of hi former anUooui.H the arnl.icr.ilic j nJ church pirty. With hi- cceu"" d "ireojfth, i tin psriy triu'iiiilie I. The couhlutiul jreueral Conc're of 1834. which was decidedly republican eomoMt-r its Be.jfraphical ittH.n,o remote from the contemplated ceuliv if and power; pnpu-Imed it it, by a paind ulna are an litfcrenl in edurtlroi., habit, customs, lanjjuaire, anil hx-Hl want, loot by military usurpation in all other part f the re-public, and although our country waa act lallr invaded It the uaurper for the nurixuje of i.hiec.tin7 " V "Vf"" y r"le' ,,,e I)""l,le "'" Tesi null inid tu the Mexican nation " rexiore the fcdeml coiuti tuliou, anl Riiveni in conliirniity to the social compact which we are all bound hr uur oath t. iiistniii and w e will continue to be a member of the Mexican Coiileileriilinn." Thi noble an.l m.......... .... i:,. cmwtiiutioital authoritif ni l such it cerium! was under the circumstances, is of I I cxa solemnly protected in-'elfsulficient tu repel and silence the r.i.. el,. roes In .in all the rt of the uulioo, and eMicciully when . r.i... ...... .1 ....... i .1 . iF.iinm ... in? aaooi.i ijwrir nave inauueiueu vioicm refiiniiia an.l other prejudice and jealousy aaaiimt thi'iti. DtK im national convention nan convened, mid the constitution hn been, and now i, violulcd iiml disrerr led. t he the Nate l Coahuila an.l I cxa solemnly protected ;ii;.iinl the cluniire ol'irovernuiciit. lor which t ev were driven by military tiirce from ullire, and iiupiis-mit'd. The people of Texas nroiexted air-unit it. an tney tiad a right lu do, lor winch Ihey have been tie nd ledvrl, was dissolved in May t.' l y-r, by a 'dared rebels by the jrovernmenl In Mexico military nrderofthe Prei 'cut, odore h coiimiiimii.ii-1 t.-rm had expired. The council of jfovernmoni, .nmiw,l ..ff,.irii, S-n.ite. arhich, iirrrahl to the onslitutio, oujiht to have heen imlaiied the day af-j irr closin the aeiiii ( CotK'ress h uh al dinlyed, ; nd new However iieresi.'arv, then, the basis eKlahlinhrd by the dcciee of the 3d of October, may he to pre-wnt civil wins and anarchy in other parts nl'Mexico, it is adcniptcd tu hi aliened by lorce and iniconxti-tutioiiHl means. However ticiieficiul it nm? be In rcviiliili"iinry and unconstitutional Con-j me parts of Mexico, it would be ruinous to Texa. I 1 ......I...- ...M in..r ..r.liip nr,liH rres was convened y wi'i ' , . Pr.rl..iit. This CoiurreiM met on tiie it oi janun ry, 1835. Il was derided ly arilocrMlic, ccclesiustiral u'd central in its jHilitica. A Dumber of pelitiunsi were preen:eJ tu it from several town and villa'jm, pravi.'ii; it wouiii cnain;c me icncrai im ui jo, rrnnient ami establish a central form. These peti iion were atl of a revolutionary cluracier, and were called "prononciamieiitos" or prunminceinents fiir centralism. They were formed bv partial and revo lutionary meeting Rol up hy the military and priests Petitions in tavor of the federal avslem and constitu tion, and nrotests auch acrainst revolutionary meas ures, were nlso sent in by the people and by aome of the Mate LegiHntures, who still retained firmness u xpress their opinions. 1 he latter were and their authors ersreuted nod impri"ned. The fnnner were considered auffieient tu invent ConjrresN arilh nlenarv nowers. It areordinirljr, by a ilecrce deposited the constitutional Vice President, Gome. Farias, who was a hading feiieraiisi, wiinoui nitj iinrjeachment or trial, or even the lorm ot a trial, an vlected another of their own party, Gen. Barracan, in ibis place. Uy another decree it invileil the Senate with the H nine of Representatives in one chamber. nd, thus constituted, it declared itself invested with full powers as a national convention. In accordance with these usurped powers, it proceeded to annul the federal constitution and system, and to establish a cemnii or cnnsnliilaled government. How far it has progressel in Hie detail of this new system is un- IknoTvn to us. The decree of the 3.1 of October lust, which fie the outlines of the new irovernm.-nl, is however, satficient to show that the federal system nd compact are dissolved and centralism eaiannsn d. T,ie States are converted into departments. This decree is as follows, as translated Decree of the 31 of October, 1835. " Office of the first Secretary of) State, Interior Department. i His Excellency the President pro tern, of the Mex ican United States tu the inhabitants of the Ke public. Know ye, that the General Coujjre hai decreed the following: mAt. 1. The present Governor of the States shall continue, notwithstanding the time fixed hy the 'Constitution may have expire. I ; but snail te depen dent for their continuance in the exercise of their attributes, up n ihe Supreme Government of the na-tion. 'Art. 2. The Legislatures shall immediately cease to exercise their legislative functions ; but be-"fore dissolving (and those which may be in recess meeting fir the purpose) they shall appoint a department council, composed fir the present of five individuals, chosen either within or wit'iout their own 'body, to act as a council to the governor; and in case of a vacancy in that office, they shall propose in the supreme government three persons, possessing the qualifications hitherto required ; and until an appointment be made, the gubernatorial powers shall be exercised by the first on the list, who is not an ecclesiastic. ' Art. 3. In those States where the Legislature cannot be assembled within eight days, the aijunta-.miento of t!ie capital shall act in its place, only for the purpose of electing the five individuals of the department council. "Art. 4. All the judges and tribunals of the States, and the administration of justice, shall continue as hitherto, until the organic law relative to this branch be lormed. The responsibililie of Ihe functionaries which could only be investigated before Congress, shall be Referred to and concluded before (the aupreme court of the nation. "Art. 5. All Ihe subaltern officers of the Staff i ahall also continue fir the present, (the places which are vacant, or which may be vacated, not to be lul This view presents the whole subject tu the people If ihey submit to a forcible and tiiiRoiistitutioiuil destruction of Ihe social compact, which Ihey have sworn to support, Ihey violaie their oaths. If they submit to be tamely destroyed, ihey disregard Iheir The Pocket, w understand, is registered at our Custom House as an American vessel," but b was laden with proviaions, Stc. fir Santa Anna or for the Mexicans, fur which reason the Invincible captured her. Wa do not know if this be piracy or not 5 but we cannot conceive any thins more natural tlinn iiiattiie Texian should prevent provision or succor from arriving to that execrable monster Santa Anna. Besides, the achrl'ockel, be ahe American or only sailing llllih'r Amri.m, !. fl...ii.l nmllv f.onoic which the priests and despots of Mexico have made uously airainst the Texiana. When captured the o the ingratitude of the Trxinnn. In what dues correspondence of certain merchants of this citv was una ingiNiiime consist f I eunniit see, unless it be found on board of hers which, ifpublised, would not iii.ljirnriw nt..l .... . . 1 .I.., in-iac-vriiiiice hi (rivinnp vu Hi. ro a i reooioio murh 1.1 Hi. A..! i At all events, we hope tfie Invincible will be anon enterprise couiiiiy mat the Alexicmw considered valuel-ss and "A" "c1"1"1? t"e,r jealousy and duplicity. be liheraled, and yet do good service to the cause of lo show more atmngly the absurdity of Ibis liberty and humnnity. diarize of inwaMude, Ike. made by the cenerul) The crew, and as we nre informed, the officer of. n" 'exico, an I 01 i lie pretended claims j the lexian schr Invincible were laken from the vessel to liberality, which they set up, for having L'iven hand rufle.l, and marched two hy two to the number loriune in iiml lu the settler of Texas, it must be of sixteen, from the Levee to the prison, with United remembered thai, with ihe exception of the first Slates Marshal at their head, a file of United Slate three hundred families stilled by myself, the general Marines and some dozen of seamen, with drawn cut- governmeiit have never grained or given, one foot of isnn in i exas. I tie vacant and he loi, ,r,.,l to the o i:ue oi vyoanuiia h iki l exns so long as they remain Inly to themselves, and violate the first law which , united, and to Texas as soon a she was a Stale God alftmied upon ihe heart of man, civilized or sav iiL'e; which is the law, or the right ofstlf-preserva thin. "The decree of the 3 I October, therefore if carried into eflict, evidently leaves no remedy for Texas but resistance, secession Irom Jilexico, and a direct re sort tu natural rishts." These revolutionary measures ofthe party who had usurped the oovernnirnt in Mexico, were resisi ed bv Ihe people in the Males ol medio, uaxnro, Jalisco, and other parts of Ihe nation. The State nl'Z tea let m took up arms, but its efforts were crushed bv an army headed bv the Prescient, Gen Santa Anna, in person, and the people of that State were disarmed and Kubjecleil In a military govern ineiit. In October last a military force whs sent to Texas under Gen. C.w, for the purpose of cnforeiiiL' these unconstitutional and revolutionary measures, as ha I been done in Zacalecaa and other pari ofthe nation. 1 hi mused trie people ol 1 exas and the war commenced. Without exhausting the patience bv a detail of nnniernus other vexations circumstances ulour nohis, I trust that what I have said on this point is sufTici ril to show lint ihe lederal social compact of Mexico is liKxolved ; that we have just and sufficient cause to lake up arms against the revolutionary governmeni which has been established ; that we have Ibrborne until the cup was full to overflowing ; and that fur ther forbearance or submission on our part would have been both ruinous and degrading; and that it ivas due to the i'ieat cause of liliertv, to ourselves to our posterity, and to the free blood which, I am proud to sav, fills our veins, to resist and proclaim war against such acts of usurpation nnd oppression. I lie lustice ol our cause bring clearly shown, Ihe most important question that naturally presents itself to the intelligent and inquiring is. trinf are the ob jects and inteiitiiins of the people of Texas ? I o tins we reply that our ohiect is Ireedom civil and religious freedom emancipation from that gov ernmeni and that peop'e who, after fifteen years ex periment since Ihey have been seperated Irom Spain, lave shown that, they were incapable ol self-govern ment, and that all hopes ol any thing like stability or rational liberty in their political institution at least for many years are vain and fall.icious. Tuis object we expect to obtain by a tolal sepera- liun from Mexico as an independent community a new republic or by becoming a Slate ofthe United Stales. Texas would have been satisfied to have lieen a Stale ofthe Mexican Confederation, and she made every constitutional eliort iu her power to be come one. Uut that is no longer practical) e, lor that inf'ederation no longer exists. One of the two alter natives above mentioned, therefore, is the only resource which the revolutionary government of Mexico has left her. Either will secure the liberties and prosperity of Texas, lor either will secure to us the ! right of self-government over a country which we have redeemed from tiie wilderness, and conquered without any nid or protection whatever from the Mexican g ivernment, (fcr we never teceived anv) and which is clearly ours: Ours hv every principle by which original titles to countries are, and ever Imve been founded. We have explored and pioneer ed if, developed its resonces, made it known to the world, and given lo it a high and rapidly increasing value. The federal republic of Mexico had a con stitutional right to participate generally in this value hut it had not, and cannot have, anv other; and this one has evidently been forfeited nnd ilf-siroved bv filled,) but they, as well as the officers, revenues audi unc institutional acts and usurp.-it on, and by ihe lo- branchei under their charge, remain subject loand at tal dissolution ol Ihe social compact. Consequently, -the disposal of the supreme government of the nation, by means of their respective governors." City ofj .Mexico, Ucl. 3 I, IS.iS. MIGUEL BAMtAGAN, President pro. tern. MaNCEL Dli3 DE B.INILLA, Sjc etary of Stale. For the information of those who are not acquainted with the organization of the federal system and constitution of 1924, it may be necessary instate that this constitution was copied, as to iis general principles from that of the U. States. The general C ingress had Ihe same organization and was elected in i lie same manner. A Senate elected hy the State Legislature for four year, and a House of Rcprc-entatives elected bv the people fiir two years. A President and Vice President elecled fiir four years, i and removeahle only by impeachment and trial. The node of amend'ng the constitution was cleariy fixed. The powers ofthe States were ihe same in substance as ofthe Stales of the United Slates, and in some instances greater. During the recess of Congress, half the Senate formed the council of government. By keeping these facts in view, an.l then supposing the ease that ihe President and Conres of these United Stales were to do what the President and Congress of Mexico have done, and that one ofthe States was to resist and insist on sustaining the federal constitution and state rights, a case wool I be presented paral.el to the great contest between the true ami legal owners ol I exas, the onlv legiti mate sovereigns of that country, are the people of l exas It is also asked, what is the present situation of I exas, and ic hat are our present resources to ejject our objects and defend our rights ? The present position of Texas is an absolute De claration of Independence a total seperation Irom Mexico. Tnis Declaration was made on the 7th of November last. It is as Pillows : " Whereas, Gen. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, an.l oilier military cliit fiains, have by force of arms, overthrown tin' federal social compact which ex isted between Texas and the other menihersuf the Hepo..-ale Irom Coahuila. Since the adoption of the lederal system in 1SJ4, the general government have never had any power or authority whatever to grant sell, or give, any luud in Texas, nor in any other Stale, jf'ii power mat vested in the respective States. The lands of Texas have therefore lieen distributed by the Stale of Coahuila and Texas (with the exception ofthe three bund ed families above mentioned) and not by ihe general government, and. consequently, u is truly absurd lor that government lo assume any credit for an act, in which it had no participation, and more especially when it has for years past thrown every obstaale in the way impede the progress of Texas, as is evident from the 1 1th nrlicleoflhe law of the 6th April IS30, wiiich ahso- 'ulely prohibited the emigration to Texas of cilizens ol the Umled Males; and many other acts ol a snn-ilsr nature such as vexatious custom house regula- t ons, passports, and garrisoning l ie settled parts of llie country wheie troops were not needc I to protect Irom the Indians, nor Irom anv other enemy. It in therefore clear that ifany credit for liberality is due, it is to Ihe S ale government, and how far it is entitled to this credit, men of 'judgment must decide, with the knowledge ofthe fact that it sold the lands of Texas at from thirty to fifty dollars per square league, Mexi can measure, winch :s lour thousand lour hundred and twenty-eight acres English, nn I considered it was gelling a high price and lull value fiir it. Toe true interpretation of this charge of ingratitude as follows: The Mexican government have at last discovered that the enterprising people who were induced to remove to Texas by certain promises and guaranties, have uy their labours given value to 1 ex as and its lands. An attempt is toereliire now made to take them from us anil to annull all (hose guaran ties, and we are ungrat fill because we are not suf ficiently 'docile, to mibuiit to this usurpation and in justice, as the " docile" Mexicans have ia other parts ol the nation. I'o close this mailer shout ingratitude, I wiliavk fit was not ingratitude in the people of the United Mates to resist the " theory ol oppression and sepe rate from Eng!and--can it be ingratitude in the peo ple ol 1 exas to resist oppression and usurpation bv seperaling from Mexico. To return to the declaration ofthe 7th of November last, it will be observed that it is a lotal seperation from Mexico an absolute declaration of Independence in Ihe event of the destruction of the federal compact or system, ami the establishment of centralism. This event has taken place. The federal compact is dissolved, and a central or consolidated government is established. I therefore repeat that the present position of Texas is ahtolule indepen dence : A POSITION II WHICH W HAVE BHt PLACED BT THE l'!f CONSTITCTIOff AL ANO REVOI.C-TIO.VART ACTS OP THE MEXICAN GOVCaNMEKT. The people of Texai firmly adhered, to tie latt moment. to the const Uut am which they and the whole nation had sworn to snvport. But the givemment ofMexi-c.o have not. The party now in p wer have overturned the constitutional g ivrrnment and violated their oaths they have seperated from their obligation, from their duly, and from the people of Texas, and consequently, Ihey are the true rebels. So far from being grateful, as Ihey ought lo Im; lo the people of Texas for having given value to that country, and for having adhere I lo iheir duty and constitutional obligations, Ihe Mexicans charge us with these very acts, as evidence of ingratitude. Men of judgment and impartiality must decide this po;nt. and determine who have been, and now are ungrateful. lases guarding tlt.m. From Nrw Orleam p-ipr. PARTICULARS 0I-' THE MASSACRE OF COL. FANNIN' S MEN. " The prisoners were all marched back to Goliad, and were joined by other parties of prisoners, amounting in all to 407 men. They were k ptSdavin confinement, being allowed oniy a small piece of1 beef to each man once a dav, ami no bread. Un the ninth day at sunrise, they were marched out under pretence o taking them to Lima no to embark lor Nw Ur. leans. The prisioners rejoiced at the prospect of speedy release, but when they round themselves di vided inti lour parties, each Willi a guard ol overwhelming strength, and that these parties were marched by dillerent routs, they began to have gloomy foreboding. When tbev hod marched about a quarter or half a mile, young I Imlden' companions heard a firing in the direction of Colonel Fannin's party. A murmcr arose that they were killing the prison ers. At that moment Ihe iroanl, which were in two ines, one upon each side of the prisoners, passed all to one side and commenced firing by platoons at the prisoners. Young Hailden and three others started and fled. I he cavalry armed with lances, pursued them ; they plunged into Ihe river and swam. One was killed in ihe water, one upon the hank, and the fale ofthe third is unknown. Young Hadden secreted himself until night. From his hiding place he heard the shrieks nnd groans of the wounded and (ring the cries of" O Lord ! O Lord ! have mercy, and the most all'ecting ejaculations of distress were mingled with noise of the guns were gradually snlwi- !ed towards mid-dav, when the horrid work was Mu lshed. 1 he neighbors who have knoA-n Young Had len from his ch IdhonJ, say that l is statement may be relied upon with confidence. No man could hear him tell bis story and doubts his truth, and a b'acker piece of perfidy and blood, is not on record in the nnnalsol history. The following named persons who were taken pris oners of war i San Patricio on the 14th of March, am! carried lo Metamoras, were shot on the 14th April, at M -In moras, by order of Ihe Mexican Commander S. S. Curtis, Samuel M'Caulev, Thus. T. M.tehell, R. R. Brown, G. Copeland, Win, Langin hum. B. J E. Mahan, S. Francis, N.Jones, M. Hall. L. H. Ben. Wm. Brunjon, M. Levric, Mr. Leveo, an officer ofthe schooner Invincible, was shot at Ihe Brassos. The above information was brought by a gentleman arrived last evening in the schr Compeer, from Metamoras direct and can be relied on. time. It was not the proper moment for the government ofthe United Statea to interlere. I he hour was on it wing, but had not yet come. Let it be what the Senator from Massachusetts (Mr. W ebster) had juaily culled a government de facto, and he could then stand prepared lo recognize the independence of Texas, in the hone of unitimr those who are on both aide of ihe Sabine, and who being all of ihe Anglo-Saxon race, imbued wilh the sam spirit, acting Irom the same principles, and looking to the tame objects, oui'lil to be united in interests and affections. Mr. Walker made a few reninrki. in the course of which he expressed hi unabated confidence in the aoccess ofthe Texiana. He had never fell that confidence shaken, during all Ihe period of gloom which had intervened since lie last expressed his confidence. Ill, tllOllL.l fatul ll.of itlA nPUa iC I hia Jvl.tri.WIB V irtor V I It ifl A It, mtmtlA nn 1 Bv,.. UUIOri V. II,. I O.-r. had arrived. It completely settled the question "I had risen, ihttt SOfamiles h.d '. j lie independence of Texas. He had no doubt that ' 2u00 peAp ,md M ,.. Columb, fr roUc.L""i,,t, Santa Anna designed, out of suerabundant black;., Si, . ",r nrtcinn. d Ik, The ..,V.,,.Tii, cnmp.ig hlll tin drain fm.n I ' ,l - "i'jicri ana officer ami . defeat of ,h. Indian. ,, j. .llribulfd (.nd J correctly) to Gen. Scotf. . of k.,rdfe of i!'T mode..fwarf,r. Not only buve th. nc,m. m II,'. .r returned most , f ,lrm ,it k ,d Mh 'j itwly d..aii.A,d on .count of ,ie ,.,,,, J"; I received fr.nn teme of the . lT,mi cf , , V" rvacualinn ,.f h. ..ene f Wir by Gcn g ' l,f I llintlha Indian liailrtivi .""tii . ....m mii i mil ii tiari 11 . '-IU KourinR the liol country, coinmiui,,, denrrd., .. .......... .nn..lmnt.1.dt,, , , .thin 5 nnle. of St. AuSu.lii .,,d y betn seen King. ivmn uhnn l.i h.,,1. mi 11 run rV..r, If r..,K ,.. will, ill -.-.on.,: W A a I lnllSMi 3 day .ail of New Orleans. " not iOO . fferliv. men btiwirn Hi, Cierk 'and itie resolutions were then ordered to be printed THE LONG-ISLAND STAR. Thursday Evening, May 19, 1S36. HjTO ADVKItTISEKS. Person adrertiainir in this pnper, must benr in miud that all adverlisemeul must be sent in before 11 o'clock on the dny,. oi publication, other wise we cannot insert them. April 25-4 1 GENERAL SANTA ANNA WITH HIS AR MY CAPTURED, AND THE OFFICERS PROBABLY SHOT. The Southern mail of yesterday, brought us the following highly important intelligence. From til" New Orlesm rW.nfth- .T.J M,iy. GLORIOUS NEWS. By the s!eam-b:ial Levant which arrived last evening, the accounts arc confirmed of Houston's victory over the Mexicen army. II iviug conquered the first divisi 111 (as elsewhere related) be alincke-l Ihe se- c nn division tinner .nnta Anna tiimseii ihe result Mexican Confederacy, now the 2001I people of, waH a8 hastily communicated in the fiillowimr rirm Texas, avaihn themselves of their natural rights, : ar frm the Texian secreiarT of war lo the noonle of diLLi.ii.Uii uL,iii.nir. 1 iMaroij.locries. iirao quarters, army, April 23. " 1st. Tnal t.iey have laken up arms iu defence of; We met Santa Anna on tfie 21st int. we alticke.l their rights and liberties, which were threatened by him with 600 men; he hail about 1100 wilh two encroachments ol military despots, and in clelence ol howitzers. V e entirely routed his whole force killinrr the republican principle ofthe federal constitution of Mexico of 1934. " 21. That Texas is no lonrer morally or civilly bound by the compart of Union ; yet slimulafd by the (f. nerosity and sympathy common to a free people, they offer their support and assisiance to such of the members of the Mexican Confederacy, as will lake up arms against military despotism. I 31. 1 list they do not acknowledge that the pre- the right to govern within the limits of Texas. "4th. that they will not cease to carry on war a 2a i list the said authorities, whilst their troops are within the limits of Texas. "alh. That they bold it to lie their right, during the dmorvarizalion ol the lederal system and Ihe reignof despotism, to withdraw from the Union, lo e-tablisri an in leeniltnt government, or to adopt such measuies as they may deem best calculated to prolecl their rights an.l liberties ; but that tbev will TVxas and the revolutionary government of Mexico. 1 sent authorities of the nominal Mexican republic have In further elucidation of this subicct, 1 will present an extract from a report made by me to the provis ional government ol 1 exa on the 30th ol .iivember last communicating the said decree of 3 I October. " That every people have the rijrht tochamre their government, is unquestionable; but it is equally certain and true, that thi change to be morally or politically obligatory, must be elfecled by the' free expression of the community, and bv legal and con stitutional means; fir otherwise, the stability of governments and the right of the poe pie would he t the mercy ofthe fortunate revolutionist! of violence or faction. " Admitting, therefore, that a central an J despotic, r stronif governmeni, ia best adapted to the education and habits of a portion of t e Mexican people, and that they wish it; this does not, and cannot frive to them the risj'it to dictate, by unconstitutional means and force, to the other portion who have equal right, and differ in opinion. Had the change been arTeeted by constitutional meant, or haj a national convention been convened, nd every member of the confederacy br en fairly represented, and majority aiyree to the change, it would have placed the matter on different ground ; bat even then, it wonl.l be m.instreu to admit tiie principle, that a majority have the right to destroy ahe minority, fir the reason, that e!f-p-irrvalnii is superior to .1 priiiat obligation. That aueb a governmeni a is e-MilemiJated by Ihe brforemention-cd oVerc nf t!s id f Uetober, would destroy the people of Texas, must be evtdeut to all, when' ihey about halt, and taking the remainder prisoners San-la Anna himsplf and all his principal nflicers are our prisoners. The h story of war dors not furnish a parallel to this battle ; we had only 6 killed anj 23 wounded. I have not time or I would semi a full report. I will do this in Ihe course of lo-morroR-. I airaiti call on ray f -How-citizens. Let us come on and conquer the remaining troops, and our country ia tree. Turn out at once let us do the work at once. THOMAS J. RUSH, Secretary of War. Since writing the nhnve, we beard it staled as ifon I good authority, that Gen. Houston held a council of war on Ihe fate of his prisoners; and thai Santa Anna and all his officers had been sh t ; the privates were sent to Matamoras. It was lsi stated, that General Gaines had written a nrivate letter confirmatory of this account, but we did not see it. There can however, be no doubt that Houston haseonqoer The mlmitx ar l' riumh ipal bodies or rorpn- ratMm K nt, ia are sniw to s avor and r ar errriKo of lfi cilie m lh l'rair-1 Stales. Tn ei rlaa by a tfrrmt lh in miKun l pnrrrsird f IHa sacrM 0f lb it of tiobrr in l e tn.fii, n, carponiMn l rftn W lie Viaus. have ly ..- bwm thai a oar terra 11 (tu one m im rt .hr. was nvd by lh CoarrMSotf I be I'kenJ it Us, n4 (I l lb LefWilnr K'H kf awt -.. mni e ;,! awsl b ronrrntKS, n4 l'.t ih- erjv n ar ui-oih i;m i aatlwKv t Franifict, "-f ia ihe n,- and rep-rer(alirf of l4ie, . aa ' flr prr. SMMMi fa enp"c tlx deftsmtrni emineil of K '-n" k f , tbirti br ari a drrt iba na of !a U nf (V: . araa!4 be rMRtrtrd tim t t 0 tnia a department r( taw ar trfidin (T'irntI I it tHe itepaira-r-i of rrsnr. . f .,.,.., ftf - . I.rt I, IIV.,, - t . , ,nn . con i.nue i-mniui 10 i,,e lucxican government, so tonrj () ,,, th. ,,e Mexican army is pnwtraled. The as mar 11 a 1 1011 is rr.iverneu oy me conoiiulion Iim ' .1.. r,.,k.,i;.. 1... ,1 Unil, n.. . 1 t fr.-e. Important from Texas. Fortune has revolved the snokes in her wheels, an I now side with Texa. Yesterday a gentleman arrived from Attakipas, in this Stale, an he ascris that two persons had been at St. Martinsville immediately b-fire his depirture, who stated as a positive fact within their own cognizance, that an enuairement had laken p'ace between part of the Texian and Mexican army. The latter had hee-i sereraied into two bodies, divided hy the river urass-n, wnose siui.ten rise prevented their jon'-tion. I iie laru'e hi ly consisiel or about 1 .100 or or 1400 men, who being attarked hy General Houston, set fi-e to ihe town of INrr,sburi!i an.l retreat ed; b it II uiston succeeded in overtaking them alxiul 7 miles from that t: c-, compelieil I hern to pitched buttle, in winch 700 of t'.e Mexicans were ki;!e.l. and 300 laken prisoner a-non whom was General Co, whose ' rmrole d'honneur" will serve hi n on this occasion !! The enemy was complete'y route I, and the I. s of the Texian was very inconsi leraKle. Gen. II. ins Ion immediately marched in pursuit of Ihe other body, and may have equally rjptureJ idem ; b-jt thi is not yet ascertained. From 'He Ne fM-lrt Tnie Amerirs. Ctpt are.- The Ti-Xias a-m'd schMiner Invincible. ' was ei7d nn Saturdav, and brought lit Una citv, on 1 laws lhat were framed for the government ofthe po litical asju-e alion. ' 6th. That Texas is reponsibie for the expenses of ner armies, now 111 itie neid. " 7ih. Tnal the public f.iilh of Texas is pledged for the piyment of any debis cootracled bv her assents. M 8th. That she will reward by donations in land all who volunteer their services in her present struggle, and receive them as citizens. " These dec'arations we solemnly avow to the world an I call God to witness their truth an.l sincerity, and invoke defeat and d.srsce upon our heads should we prove guilty of duplicity :'' It is worthy o particular attention thai ibis de claration affords anoilier an I an o-ianswersSle proof ofthe firhearance of the Texian, and ot" their firm adherence even to the last moment. In fie e institution which they bid sworn to support, and 1 1 loeie Dolili- ral obligations , Mex rvi nliz-ns. For slthoogh at this very lime the ft leral vtem and constitution oflJ4 bad been overtuine.l an.l trampled tinder Ti. L-ciditnre ofih-Sia-e of T .ih,,,!, and Trts linh mide ih t proit, mdirtr(Hl by a mih rjrf ee s-tin un.lrr il.e ..nlers of(J.n. C ws ; and ih 'i '-IW, si Angus"!.! Vl -es, i. 'i-errtaty .p, nd frt. .1! "f ihe member rrf li,L.ri,!,i.i-,.rt im. . -red. ' B-m. It. M I on. l.r. f. ; mlS, Aeioni t lti'. -d -i rl rhnT From the Ni t)i leant. Bulletin nf May 3. An express has arrived het via Natchitoches, from fcxas, and is confirmed bv Gen. Gaines, that Gcn. Houston, of Texas, has conquered Santa Anna and his army. Santa Anna himself, and his soldier, sre all prisoners. The forces of Santa Anna were esti- uated at 1 100, and those ol Houston at bOO. 1 he ex press further hlaleJ that Houston' army destroyed half of the Mexicans, anj the loss nn his side wai.ix kille I and 20 wounded. The saddle of Santa Anna was taken and brought in, and is of a cotly order, being estimated as worth between six and eiirht hundred dollars, and the ex press who brought in the news, rode on the horse of Santa Anna. The following information came lo hand yesterday : A iri-ntlcman of this city, who arrived this morning from Atskapas, in the steamboat Velocipede, Mates that on the evcniiiz previous tn his departure, two persons arrived at St. Martinsville, direct from Texas that these persons, who app ared lo be men of respectability, related as a positive lact that an en-Ka'jemeiit had laken place between Ihe Texian forces under General Houston and the Mexican army, in which the latter were totally routed, having lost 700 men in killed and wounded, an I 500 prisoners, anion whom was Gen. Cos. The loss of the Texian is said to be inconsiderable. The circumstances related by Ihese gen'.lcmen, were that the Mexican army had from some caue or other been separated into two bodies, divided by the river Brazos; that the sudden rise of that river prevented the two bodies from effecting a junction that Houston marched aainxt the larger body, amounting to 13 or 1400 mrn-ihat ihe latter retreated, and in their retreat si t fire lo the town of H.irris-burgh. Houston succeeded in overtaking them about seven miles from that town, and made a sudden and vigorous attack on them, and after some severe fijrhi- inir, the Mexicans were totally delrated, wilh Ihe loss above mentioned. These peril'euicn Haled lhat ihev were short distance from Hirrishiirgh, anil could distinctly hear the firing, and thai Ihe result was well known liefiire their departure tint Hous ton had inarched in pursuit of Ihe other body, which it was supposed could not possibly escape turn. LATER NEWS AND CONFIRMATION OF THE ABOVE. Since the above was put in type, we have been fa vored with the perusal of a letter from New Orleans, dated May Sd, to a jrentlert;an in ton city. e make the f illovving extracts : " The glorious news we have received is official, an I can he relied on. Had Santa Anna concentrated his two divisions, Houston would have lost the day. The latter General has lo encounter now, the division under Sesma." This it will be seen above, he is re ported lo have rut lo pieces. Ev. Star. PosTsra irr 1 2 o'elnrk, 3d .Vay Mail Closing. Uear sir i he steamboat Komeo has just arrived from Ouichita, Red River, nnd confirms the report brought bv ihe Lvant, and we have jii'l seen a letter from General Houston, dated 20th April, a few hours previous lo ihe battle. He slates lhat Ssnia Anna was in the field and thai he (Houston) had one half his m n in ambush in order lo coax Santa Anna on to give him battle. There is no donht lhat Santa Anna is taken as reported. No one doubt, it here." GLORIOUS NEWS FROM TEXAS. Defeat and capture of Santa Anna Re-capture of (.ten. Cos. By rrfcrcne to another rolumn, it will be aecn that Gen. Ilonilon baa had bailie ailli that pirlof th Meiican army cut off from the main body by the sudden ri of the river Bmzns. This d'.-t.iclimcnt it is said commanded hy Soma Anna in person that Gen. Illusion with COu men deftaiad Saiua Anna' army amounting to 13, 00. Fliat he killed 00 men and lo-'k i03 pilaoners wilh al the officer including Gen. Col and Santa Anna, h;n$: limnelf sustained a lof of but ill men killed and twenty wounded.! Yoiir march ta virlory i rapidly on- trd, and if tliit tccfnint 11 correct ti e blood nf jour brethren mauacu-d at Aininoand elaeohera will not be alitor bed or obliterated from the face af nature, ere your t c tory will b complete. From Hie f .llowinj extract il will be nbterved that ae have another ttalemenl of the bulla which present! ic lu a different and mm unfavorable light. Wt would advise our rradert to place but litll confidence in any turh r imnn until ihey are more firmly corroborated. We hit Ihe tame rraton to believe the find inti licence we received at authentic, at tn behrre Ihe following : From llieN. V. fiilv tdv nf this morning. IMPORTANT FROM TEXAS. If the folio -in be Correct, Hi Triun newt dwindhs down ma tmall point. The Mobile Chronicle of ihe 7th inil. five the following from Ihe Louitiana Adrirllicr, without date ; probably the 5ili: Texas Bv t'ntl-mnn who arrived veiierjav. we are i reilihlv inf.rmed that Sanla Anna haa not been liken prisoner, nnicit irsi aenien' en ana anni, at ainted bv a ron-lempnrniv journal. Our informant titled lhat Idere had lieen a fi;lu, or m-r properly apcBkinj a k rinuli, be. Iween a body nl the 'fxln army and another of Hie leaiana, lui-li terinmnitd in Ihe ro-nnli-te route of the former, wilh bite on both aidea, bui pnneiptlly on Itie jnoi I IL e ,Mrl fim, and lhat nta Anna, to far from beinv in Ihe engagement at the time, an I it, in the city ol .Me 1 ico. The followin b llrr from Gen. Gaines lo th Secretary of War, w is rereivrd in New Ymk reatcrday afiemoon. anu we mum mere van l no onuiit 01 ut bciog in-.ic c i-reel ihsn any previoue mielheenef. Corretjica leneeof Ibe Courier and Enquirer Wsiiisotos,,I. C. May 16, HIS. TKXAS. Th followin; letter from lien. Oahies hai been firn ali-d ua for publication tht War Depailmenl : nola hnet. Gen. f cntt ia in " iiimm.. jwaiiert." I Inlet. Game.. D.,d-e, or wme olh.r off,,, ,CQ wilh Indian tactic, it appi.incd In Ihe Florid. L the prcdiclion of Poatll ill b veiiDed "" From Fr..Th. packet .l,ip f!u. whjth . Nc:vo,koTufi,)nj, briiuslll .notL::;,; Indemnily money, via: 1,500,000 fram, i ' and on. million in five franc piece., .lUonaijned lo GeJ L,fMr, -The follow inf p.aaed ,he Se.teol, -day , To amend Hi. tel for ,h, appilmtll of ' ..oner, to pe,f0,ra certain dutie. in the city of BroUlva j To alter the map or (dan of (lie city 0f Kew Yolk ' lo rstabhth a nublie inuara. in k. ..1,., ,,ri' Counsel hat been beard in the ca.e of B ,!, ind R I hi. .. the malt of thi. ivc.iii.,ion m,y u m' few dnr. . 1 1 Orphan .IV., -Yeaterd.y at 4 oVIotk ll .nlwj hibuion of the children compotin, the Orphan A.ym , I Im eily, took place at the Common Couneil RIKm Thf ! were about 40 child.ea neatly clad, and ofa fine'he.liD appearance, who demoniiraled thai ther had been aril ururied. They were riamined in tha irulliplic.,,,,,', anil in numrmut .erii.ture Ic.,.,,,,. The .hih.i very imercmn; and could not fail to aaaktn the f oferery person p etcnt. 1 Tin. A-yluin 1. tupported l,y cli.iiiy . ,J ;, un(Jcr ( I fotterii-jf c ire of the Ldiet of lirookly n. Ji hai br, '' htrrlofnr kepi in a Imuieof ll.a lar. R.....I 1 , '1 -'" 1 jnrvmii H 11 . . . v,l U'nomoia atrrei near ritiponl .tier I. It i, ( be deprived i.f that I -alion, and wt bona n,.r 4 , mtnenl one in our Ti.a AnnMal R,pri ,lr,J nd (.fli er appoi'iicd. Th. C m.nA 4t II... I 1 a iu iiiuciiii in uriir ai tngni, t F.r. -Hclween 1 1 and I o'lhxk Vrwrnlav. a fir rru, red in Ihe exemive carpenteia' ,h ,p ,.f Sil'a. E. f:, . ' Hinted in IMlie, l.iren Smith and C'0101 ire,ii , ,s t city, wlrh iu e.N,.eq.nee of ,t. dot ,nce from any vaier S wat w,tn iitconiema ro.,.,.r..ed. V ti,.H,Un, lh(l ID'iOd'imi,, ic. were de.irnytd mh ll . budding. ..j:iher wuh a .rPe rjiimMy 0f loot, b, lor.f in; lo the j .urnrymen earrfneit emp'oy, d by Mr. E. I.:.,", etlimaled al bLoiii f 12.0ml. No inuranee MUitert Cerin.- We recommend ; h...he.J,d .J eian., ehoL.iie, Invert il,i... hke fum.t.;.nd: Utily, ll admirer, of nalurn and iee e.eam, mue and ; lemonade, the rnohni. and rer rffiaey, cwwq.irnt tH anlicndo.resili. Me.,,, C.,1 .n'a beaunful fi.nlea, ' whleh I. open ever. Tlllre!a v ev. nm. ....I ' llhininatrd. No eif.rta h,ve leo ,r...A .1 ,! I Ihe propnel .ra, lo make Iheir C. oden a beautiful anjr.,.j forl.l.le tummer rrln-al. A'hmuanee free. (Se tt'v ) -W.varcf.frryfn.Tl. Sag lit, bo, r,pt ,nU ' n neccmi of the de.oh of ,,..,oj n,n named Ai.r.Ui.; i:iardt, urvler the fu..ii.inS .(U cuve cirtu.ii.Unee. ; i The linn Tl.nrne 1. ..1 i.c, I i. i . - I wh.lio vo,.e, tud Hi. crew were tcruiin; (he .ilv -hen the (hove i.idi.idusl Ml from llie y.l,' a lii.i.iuee , f ! ui JO fe.1, on llie rail of Die ,ip anj thence lo Ih aalir. H- .....,..!.... i . ., " -- ' ,j linen h.i in. ''ul l.i. trull . t..o much Iraou.ed, and ho j (u ,y br- i.e.), that lie w.t Pi a aUl. of na..n. b lilv, and . cohlinnr-d to f..r ah iut 21 hour, when l, evn.r.,1 II. ... Head ft.ianera. Western )ep,,tm -nl. 1 Cn..,p Sabmt 'i-tk .Ipnl, I. 6 Sia I have the honor i,. ai ale lli.n recoil, have i-iti now reai-hed Ihia plsee, ihroiih turmiM tlni.nrN. wliuh leave nodouhi of ihrir coTertnet il,,i or. ihe 2lvi lo!. a ha i tie a, fought near leniy miiu. ran ot I larnshureh, in Trias, heiween Ih Melu ant, under the I nm-.l.ale coTimnod of iheir rre.nlent, S.nia Ann., and Ihe T.--ia un ler O-nertl Ilou.'nn, their cominamleron rhief -and thai it resulted in die eoote overtlirow of the advao red c-.rp of Ihe Mejiran army, lorh nppe.ira lo have lii, irrv f . e n'.l t.l' tn... m.'i . .1 ... .... - i'. .1.-1 t t. - i-1" ....... ,.ie i.uro .wuiii year llie only .-n if a wi.ioi.ed mother pari of the i.rniy. mini of which i. .aid In have Uen nie.n I , ,' , , ' ,, II. Bran, near St. rhiihppe, y m,r,. h f ' -ho rcidt. ,,i, a. id .a. myrl, belo.ed hy aiaie.l thai heiween iOO an.l too ..I lieMnu.o imnpt I l,,e ll'' crew. The hehn;. of ihe wlner, were kiled, an.l the re due of ti e advance, au- ut H.e ( "-"ly aotirip iiir.r ihe hnppii.e.. of rer.nin- him in b aith time '-"".be. laken p.ner., m. iod,,,,. ih. I're.denl m,y be m ,rt a;ur,!y .onr,r,, , j.Vr.I.eJ hun.cir, n th lua .:nfr, and uin.t of l ia principal . llie.., i -wrmeo. anil no na ueriairU lunmrii reaily and willing, in. I ainnlly, lo acknowledge ihe Iiiilepend.-oce. of Tei ia.-- I "r f''1 Struts - Uur Sheet ln ee'or hn ii fnr. L"ion lhi point. hoeer, 1 prrtume the conttiluted au- J ' offi- I" take a beiler one al ihe Kontl. Feriv. Our thi.ntet of Meiu o ninil be c -ncihed. n II .n,.l ,J T-... . i .l ' - r. jri in .q, rvr r were our .heel, in . uh Uhhv and i.fT.-n.ive eundihoe. CONOR F.SS. In Senate, Monday, May 1(5. Mr. Shcpley pre-anted the credential of J. M. Nile, elected by Ihe LeiFi.lalure of Connecticut to supply the vacancy in Ihe United Slates Senaie, caused by the death nf Ihe II m. Nathan Smith, liiml fie 10th" .f Murcb, tH$. These rredeniial were read, and Mr. J. M. Nile was sworn arcordinolv. Mr. Minimum prccnted some resnlutioti adopted at a nieeliiro; of tiie citizens of Burke County, North Carolina, recomtnen linr a recojeiiition of ihe lodcn-deoce of Texas. He atated that llw? (j'orh.u newt received llu morninij pave new inlerent to the subject of ihe resolution but lhat be hould refrain front makmo; any further remarks, rjcept lo ask that ihe resolution be read, an I ordered tv be printed. Thcue res.tlutiotn coiplio-nted Mr. Clay and Mr. Preaton, by aklu I ieir a. I Mr. Proton roe and ai., that bavins an reeentl' expeticd lua ho-ve. au. f,., ,lsei on Ibe object d" lens, an l the Iixiar, he waa unwiihnff to Inmnle the Se..ate aith any furtin-r rennrk. But tla? nielinat M .rrrinu-wn bad d'Har lom the horxar to I have, moreover, r,ned i h .1 Ihe Cherokee and other Indiana in Teiaa, fro'n o ir ai )e of !,a national bound.rv line, are di.p'atcd to return to their villa .fi, pljnicorn, and be peaceahle. I I hit i.ite.ligcnre t ii;-i. lo me the propri. ly r,f dra r-in Ihe O'a of tiie S'ntet ol wh im I rq.ielr.i vol-uiitevri, as s'tted in my Inter of the eih ..f Ih . n.onlh, lo auapen l their in-ireniei,t. To llu. I have added, thai aiuinij me ahove repoiia 1 c .nfir.ned, ta I have no Hoi, hi ihry will he ii, the rouneof a fnwdiia. I w II in that rvenl, ord-r an nfli-cr lo Ihe Sl.iea v Cully, to rneel Ihe volunteer., muiter ll.em mio ervi-e, and then duchar-e them. Vour ole,li aervaio, EDMUND P. GAINES, Major fiener d coininan.lmr. To th Secretary of War, Waahniii'nn City. J TEXAS. Tht Cominl.tioner. of Text, ar now in our rule, a-k- in for ihe liberal and charitable contrihulion. of our en . tent lo atant the in in thi. our of the r ffal (nd difli. cully. Gen. Aualin nnd Col. Wharion have t'pe.rJ in i pubhe and lold lh tal of their manly tirujle and tuffer. ioft under the frt.p of tyranny and bigotry. Their .peeche. tre printed in pimphlrt form, an.l every cit zen e m inform huntelf on the t ibj-ct, and will I learn w ith I he wind tweepa ihe dual in clou I. alone ihe .lieen, ad people retreat from ihe .Nitn of dol. There are no order, r.-l.tue to ..eepi i; ,nd Ukicj awiy (tie iffeutif imOrr, or at lea.t no . ff cove older.. h il are we I. do t Wa are laved eno.ijrh and eur money rnti frer ly t ..rte-e-hid-er, liyr-i, L-.kc. Why thould irni more cf it jo i tre..l eaveri5cit 7 We leirn thl the I-h-ooi .oev on Ihe Jamair. rafrotd I. ive returned llu ir iripa, t..d that callle f liavt Iwea ronatrueh d at ih- crn-t rot.l,. KlrtUm far .tiJirmM, Il w II be tern hy lb Corpori-tinn proceedin that an elerlion for an Alderman in tl- fourth ward of ihi. euy, lake, place n Friday, the t7 h in.itnt, at Japer Puflon't Hotel, Fulton aireet. Ttmpmnct Rreelory. A naw Temperance R'feetniy or elun houae ia e.lnhlol ed by Mr. Lew it, tl No. f0 Fid'on reet. Here ny perton miy obtain rnff-r, p vt. larla, cold cult, and In ruta, at all te.tnoahlt bar., in union interest how nearly Ihe approaches of opp'Cttion in I trt'f n"" tlyle.on marble tahl.v. I'eraon. fr'm ihe cJ- ihe Meiiean lal revein'ile lh-n which drove our lalli- i ,rT attendin; enurt. a ill find Ihi. a ranvenienr. ait into the war which reaulled in our independence. I ' " Il ppert that Tela, wja freely known loth ' frfar CieeH'TV. Mr F lil Forty ha. daWinV Spaouh fovernment in Mtnco al ll. tune Motet Auttin I d' N"- ih r'"u"n , "lore o'drleearie. .dapied l obtained hie rrant. Il wa in lhat hit n. Gen. JMe- lht m"n' P'rtoot fivinj evemnf paitiei, tnd al p en F. Austin, commenced lot triilement. Trilje .d' In. ! rom for Ihoa-w ho wj.h to ptittke .f code d fl ecolit diant tiavrived tnnte eltenove wild fw fame, and in llictr I",,"e'1 H) l w.nlike and predatory excur.ion.. The gorer in.erit gran. ted I.. Aualin and oilier f r.on large tract, of land, on e- ' ,a ' ''"''" f'.l'y unHe.ino ike " 'ept.U- condition. Menco afier.ardt be. ,. IH,pn. ! fB '"n -( 'h Van B iren .flio.1 " lo Ihe viel r Wcnrt .f Spam, and all theac tram, were reewj,, t by tut j lU P''." p"' l the plH.r preaerud hf th p-w new .ep.blic Then, were tever.l fnned Male, of Mr.. I P'tetor. "f l!u lai", lo Ihe rorporaii for the C17 P'"11- in. 7 hey ro Itien he aide to appreeiaie for li e meivr, whether tin p-iorr, li.h ha. crown nh 1 1 prow lit of the ciy, tinee ua infan y, ia nut I elter entil'ed to ih' p"" -lor, lhan paper fondnrled by fewriner, whokatft't beea m Ihn country, ( f are correctly infonneif) but ico pw-ea. ng eerlain .late r.-hu, uiranleed by a Ci- l lull- n murh after Ihe manner ..f iheae United Stale. D .1 ihe parent eoaernm-n wt. Oealined 10 a a leeeaan.n f It'Volul.ont, hy wiiKh Ihe rep .hlir.n nnd repr.:entaue f.-rrn w.. repealed: in.a.l.d an.l oveni.rown. tn l -1 P. Au....niu.b,le ruled.. E.operor. and co.rupi.ia ' f y". '" '"l'" ''"""f h"" ',r- f end violence f. a tuna had full away, Win- j T" ,ht l,nn- VVnr mnii Cawtwa CoW eft -e II India. . .. Te,, ,reme!T tr.H.bleme, .epened ihe LfV $ 'V" " , , . - n The IViiinrti ! Ai.len Spnmw r gt Foot re.pre e-,ry to e.r,i., and 1!ri f r,fne . ,.o ,h b..o- f(i). f Tm wr J ,f ,.,v, M- l fu. to..niry, nn lha frdlow.a, ennd.iama ho.;,,,,, nf prinhn.. in thi. place during l.u PriKettHwi of pvrtont, property .nJ e.d r.f.hi. I iwen'y-five y. ar krat pai. an.l l.a l.roe nttf pf" l. Eaeh c-4-h. m in re-reive rxi Ua;.i ( It2i acre) of ! e.rtion of the tatea an.l aaacanwntt for buikhnj up l..nd, eo pa)(1- ibirty dol mi m th thi vonjf city. r now n-k lo be app.nted Pnn- 31. Any .k-jtl !, .,,eB he r.le.l. and dl - ,ur porat.m ol Im r.lj. v . ' i t,,.i,,r.,e- r i-i,.,v.i hoi rvneo n- 10a per-peny. j'r ' "wc Moeav.. ihe ! Sn..iv. bv Pa-aed Midahipman I. Icidjr- ev.of lie- t i rrjiift Ik- boohI a..t in ftroan g ibe ob- ,'"k" L , . "'"r'T rN"-t' I :..n.i' war Warren. " " art of lla-e rr. U had no ..ilr araf of fr- . . i.J . . 1 1 j li Tt;-f -ir frvun xkrhnX inrTirmaTion we ran rfher, . fijitnuttn te l.n ir, hv irpriing tital k-rl- T..eraW. tt , w.ped to A., n't rr4oof. a -I He 1 ,,"" -ienlfllMeTi-anainlb!etv, addresa- w-eeeuvvchanjeed. kw .i.iiir wen. r..nmraied bv a m.l.-.'.. ,u i ed a conioinrocatioii t . CiMion-n.l.-r Daija, .1.11 rji He parnci;ied in il b? fcTlinje nfllir hrvneat anj fio bra t a in il I r' ibem ur. in hint. T h. n . aol obeyed wfe'vura; I' ol n'ertiori.(i, in. a HI taf Tetaa by i' t "J-rertl in O'la'af. t!it t!e lnvinr.b had been jrmity itfan act of piracy, 10 capturing the c!KWner forfccl, si..nfoder Amerr-caa cvwor. pure m-.iinia.iwrr I. a I aent .hi tl rcwJmn but he could not coincide with them a to the propn-, rj of arknoaVdpiicj i! in,yrxuiraa?e.vf Tea'aiti 0 a . . i.a.a oe wat depoarH, in ) Mor,.,- rf rrewdenlt and de-; rw;r., have ..K r d, uaid Ih lyrae.Sar.ra Anea hat .Sown how hie), w h a rejaed lo ;h n.lur.l r.Eh .d" mankind. He ivre w ar.,iel hh Ih ceI...M ofthe eoun-ry. ,oJ ,1 ,, l,.v -,,!Ure. wf the pervwnl w tr a . da.U n w ,n; lots nfl Knre of ih prieil.Vnd of Me.. Tl;eitee.fril,.f(!;rtvrfr. Auvtit. I. arw heretofore- larver hill wncn hern tfven lo atr.-vptjer and recent naidemt nrrf ii. We are well provided wiib all the maieras bc-rexta'y ie do joatwre lo it anal. Very reiirctfuiiT, ' AirF spoovr.n. -F.nwiv B. srooNF.B, fiF.ORG E W.5rO0E- John n.acnmh I. at arnred rvn. 11 t'niovl Couf ' order to et vpee l w-ith Post B -J. -

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